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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529869/septic-arthritis-of-the-shoulder-with-proximal-humerus-osteomyelitis-treated-by-ilizarov-shoulder-arthrodesis
#1
John Kendall, Martin McNally
Septic arthritis of the shoulder can destroy the glenohumeral joint resulting in significant pain, instability and poor function. Surgical treatment is notoriously difficult with significant risk of complications. Shoulder arthrodesis has been performed using both internal and external fixation but has high complication rates in the presence of infection. We present our experience of managing a patient with significant pain and loss of function as a result of septic arthritis of the shoulder following infected proximal humeral fracture fixation with associated proximal humeral osteomyelitis...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529864/allograft-bone-as-antibiotic-carrier
#2
REVIEW
Heinz Winkler, Peter Haiden
The treatment of chronic bone and joint infections is characterized by obstinate persistency of the causing microorganisms and resulting long term disability to patients, associated with remarkable costs for the health care system. Difficulties derive from biofilm formed on dead bone and eventual implants, with resistance against immunological defences and antimicrobial substances. Biofilm embedded bacteria require up to 1000 times the antibiotic concentration of planktonic bacteria for elimination. Systemic antibiotic treatment alone cannot provide the concentrations required and surgical intervention is always prerequisite for potentially providing a cure...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492018/impact-of-leishmaniasis-in-women-a-practical-review-with-an-update-on-my-isd-supported-initiative-to-combat-leishmaniasis-in-yemen-elyp
#3
REVIEW
Mohamed A Al-Kamel
Stigma is synonymous with leishmaniasis, an endemic deadly flesh-eating disease in Yemen that affects predominantly poor rural women and children. Women with leishmaniasis often present late and experience not only physical deformities and the risk of death, but also the painful stigma of the disease and its consequences, a similar situation to that of leprosy decades ago. The International Society of Dermatology-sponsored community dermatology project Eradication of Leishmaniasis from Yemen Project has made a difference in the leishmaniasis situation in Yemen and addressed its magnitude...
September 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471827/management-of-different-types-of-gastric-varices-with-band-ligation-a-3-year-experience
#4
Waseem M Seleem, Amr S Hanafy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric varices (GVs) occur with an incidence of 20% in patients with portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic band ligation (BL) as an option in the management of small-to-moderate nonbleeding GVs in cirrhotic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients (GOV2; n=6, IGV1; n=34, IGV2; n=10) with nonbleeding small-to-moderate-sized GVs without local risk signs of bleeding, such as large size, red-colored elevated areas or red wales, and systemic factors of bleeding risk such as an international normalized ratio of at least 2 and a platelet count of 80 000/µl or less were subjected to endoscopic BL...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469125/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-malt-lymphoma-of-the-colon-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#5
Hafsa Abbas, Masooma Niazi, Jasbir Makker
BACKGROUND Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a well-known hematologic malignancy. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the most commonly involved extra nodal site. MALT lymphomas are uncommon, accounting for 5% of all NHL. Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the prototype seen in association with Helicobacter pylori. Colonic MALT lymphoma is rare and comprises only 2.5% of the MALT lymphomas. Its etiology and treatment is not well established.  CASE REPORT A 56-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the clinic with symptoms of chronic epigastric pain for the past three years and a 13-pound weight loss over the past two months...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452210/functional-dyspepsia-advances-in-diagnosis-and-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common but under-recognized syndrome comprising bothersome recurrent postprandial fullness, early satiety, or epigastric pain/burning. Epidemiologically, there are two clinically distinct FD syndromes (although these often overlap clinically): postprandial distress syndrome (PDS; comprising early satiety or meal-related fullness) and epigastric pain syndrome. Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease overlap with FD more than expected by chance; a subset has pathological acid reflux...
May 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449427/trichuris-trichiura-infection-in-north-korean-defector-resulted-in-chronic-abdominal-pain-and-growth-retardation
#7
Jong Bin Kim, Kwang Il Seo, Won Moon
Trichuris trichiura infection is a common helminth infection, which is transmitted via soil, with worldwide distribution, especially in rural areas of developing countries. Occasionally, sporadic cases occur in non-endemic, developed areas due to the widespread of immigration. We experienced a case of Trichuris dysentery syndrome in a young North Korean defector, who had been suffering from chronic abdominal pain for 10 years. He is relatively short and thin compared with his older brother. Unexpectedly, the diagnosis, made by a colonoscopy, revealed numerous, small, white, and gently moving worms at the cecum and ascending colon...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441152/cryoablation-in-the-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#8
Anouk Overwater, Bas L A M Weusten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Providing an overview on types of cryotherapy for esophageal application and their role in the management of Barrett's esophagus. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have involved multiple types of cryotherapy including cryospray techniques that use either liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide as the cryogenic fluid, and the CryoBalloon focal ablation device that uses nitrous oxide. Overall, studies report cryotherapy to be safe and effective in eradicating Barrett's epithelium...
April 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403922/place-of-ulipristal-acetate-in-the-management-of-uterine-fibroids-preoperative-treatment-or-sequential-treatment
#9
A-G Pourcelot, P Capmas, H Fernandez
Symptomatic uterine fibroids affect 25% of women of childbearing potential and are responsible for various symptoms, mainly menometrorrhagia, pelvic pain and infertility. No currently available medical treatment is able to eradicate fibroids. Two treatments are indicated preoperatively to reduce bleeding and decrease the size of fibroids: GnRH agonists and ulipristal acetate. Ulipristal acetate, a selective progesterone receptor modulator, exerts an antagonist effect on fibroid tissue, inducing apoptosis. It rapidly induces amenorrhoea (after an average of seven days of treatment) and reduces fibroid volume...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403646/neuropathic-orofacial-pain-facts-and-fiction
#10
Lene Baad-Hansen, Rafael Benoliel
Definition and taxonomy This review deals with neuropathic pain of traumatic origin affecting the trigeminal nerve, i.e. painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN). Symptomatology The clinical characteristics of PTTN vary considerably, partly due to the type and extent of injury. Symptoms involve combinations of spontaneous and evoked pain and of positive and negative somatosensory signs. These patients are at risk of going through unnecessary dental/surgical procedures in the attempt to eradicate the cause of the pain, due to the fact that most dentists only rarely encounter PTTN...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392088/single-stage-treatment-of-osteomyelitis-for-digital-salvage-by-using-an-antibiotic-eluting-methylmethacrylate-joint-spanning-spacer
#11
REVIEW
Victoria L Aimé, John T Kidwell, Leland H Webb
Osteomyelitis of the digit is a challenging problem that can result in amputation. We describe 13 cases of osteomyelitis involving bones of the hand managed with a novel technique. We reviewed records of 12 patients (13 digits) who had joint-spanning, antibiotic-eluting (tobramycin or vancomycin), methylmethacrylate spacers placed as definitive, single-stage treatment for digital osteomyelitis. The primary outcome was digit salvage. Secondary outcomes were infection eradication (no recurrence at 3 months) and spacer removal...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384920/dissimilar-pain-of-primary-epiploic-appendagitis-and-malabsorption
#12
Wolfgang J Schnedl, Dietmar Enko, Sandra J Wallner-Liebmann, Sonja Lackner, Harald Mangge
Primary Epiploic Appendagitis (PEA) is a rare cause of acute or subacute abdominal complaints and non-migratory pain. Usually the diagnosis of PEA is made when Computed Tomography (CT) reveals characteristic figures. Nonspecific abdominal complaints including diffuse abdominal pain may be caused by carbohydrate and/or protein malabsorption. We report a case of a patient with PEA who recovered without medication or surgical treatment within a few days. Eight months later, he was diagnosed with lactose- and histamine malabsorption and Helicobacter pylori infection...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384558/temporary-total-hip-arthroplasty-like-spacer-for-treating-an-infected-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-using-a-long-stem-a-case-report
#13
Youngwoo Kim, Yoshiaki Katsura, Nina Kasahara, Takashi Kasahara, Masashi Kanamura, Keiichi Kawanabe
INTRODUCTION: Infected periprosthetic femoral fractures are among the most complex and significant complications of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the novel use of a temporary THA-like spacer for treating an infected periprosthetic femoral fracture after revision surgery using a long stem. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 72-year-old woman sustained a left infected periprosthetic femoral fracture after revi - streptococci in the culture sample. On suspicion of a periprosthetic joint infection, we planned a two-stage procedure...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363660/expanding-role-of-percutaneous-ablative-and-consolidative-treatments-for-musculoskeletal-tumours
#14
REVIEW
A N Kurup, M R Callstrom
Interventional approaches to musculoskeletal tumours have significantly changed over the last several years, and new treatments continue to be developed. All ablative modalities are currently applied to the treatment of bone tumours, including radiofrequency, cryo-, microwave, and laser ablation devices. Indications for ablation of bone and soft-tissue tumours have expanded beyond palliation of painful bone metastases and eradication of osteoid osteomas to the local control of oligometastatic disease from a number of primary tumours and ablation of desmoid tumours...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331902/cold-snare-polypectomy-for-non-pedunculated-colon-polyps-greater-than-1%C3%A2-cm
#15
Cyrus Piraka, Ahmed Saeed, Akbar K Waljee, Ajish Pillai, Ryan Stidham, B Joseph Elmunzer
Background and study aims Colonic polyps > 1 cm in size are commonly managed using hot polypectomy techniques. The most frequent adverse events (delayed bleeding, post-polypectomy syndrome, and perforation) are related to electrocautery-induced injury. We hypothesized that cold resection of large polyps may have similar efficacy and improved safety compared to hot polypectomy. Our aims were to evaluate efficacy and safety of piecemeal cold snare resection of colonic polyps > 1 cm. Patients and methods Patients undergoing lift and piecemeal cold snare polypectomy of non-pedunculated colon polyps > 1 cm from October 2013 to September 2015 were identified retrospectively...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277993/maggot-therapy-for-wound-care-in-iran-a-case-series-of-the-first-28-patients
#16
A Mirabzadeh, M J Ladani, B Imani, S A B Rosen, R A Sherman
OBJECTIVE: The need for improved wound care is receiving considerable attention in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Beginning in 2003, maggot therapy (MT) became part of Iran's effort to advance its wound care technology. The first cohort of patients treated with MT was analysed to evaluate the use of this treatment. METHOD: Patients treated with MT at three hospitals in Tehran were analysed retrospectively. Primary outcomes were time to wound debridement and time to wound healing...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260914/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-not-associated-with-failure-to-thrive-a-case-control-study
#17
Nan-Chang Chiu, Chien-Yu Lin, Hsin Chi, Chun-Yan Yeung, Wei-Hsin Ting, Wai-Tao Chan, Chuen-Bin Jiang, Sung-Tse Li, Chao-Hsu Lin, Hung-Chang Lee
PURPOSE: The long-term impact of Helicobacter pylori infection is complex, and concerns about the need for eradication exist. We conducted this case control study to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and failure to thrive (FTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2011, 53 children with FTT group and matched children with the same sex and age and similar socioeconomic status without FTT (control group) were enrolled. A questionnaire was administered to the parents/guardian, and a (13)C-urea breath test was performed to detect H...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116262/acetabular-prosthetic-protrusio-after-bipolar-hemi-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Jason Bt Lim, Chia Liang Ang, Hee Nee Pang
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hemi-arthroplasty of the hip is a commonly performed procedure in elderly patients with intra-capsular fracture of the neck of the femur with good short-term results for pain relief, return to activity and morbidity. The incidence of intra-pelvic prosthesis migration or protrusion is rare and one of the inciting factors is chronic low-grade sepsis. Acetabular prosthesis protrusion poses a difficult and challenging surgical problem due to surrounding neurovascular structures...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098121/perspectives-on-hypertension-outcomes-after-single-stage-clearance-of-a-complete-staghorn-renal-calculus
#19
Ranjit Chaudhary, Kulwant Singh, Chirag S Dausage, Nidhi Jain
A 55-year-old male presented, in June 2013, with left flank pain. Investigations revealed a complete staghorn stone. He had undergone two sittings of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 2008 for left renal stone. One year subsequent to this, he was diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes. The management of complete staghorn stones in a single sitting is a difficult proposition. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard to manage such stones. The patient was subjected to PCNL, and complete clearance was achieved in one sitting...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095386/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-cleansing-effect-of-a-monofilament-fiber-debridement-pad-compared-to-gauze-swabs
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cornelia Wiegand, Kirsten Reddersen, Uta-Christina Hipler, Martin Abel, Peter Ruth, Anneke Andriessen
BACKGROUND: Removal of nonvital tissue is an accepted method to eradicate biofilms and to stimulate wound healing. Debridement using a monofilament polyester fiber pad has clinically been shown to be effective as well as pain and trauma free. METHODS: For in vitro determination of the cleansing capacity of this product compared to gauze swabs, a wound debridement model was used with glass plates coated with a bovine serum albumin solution, stained with hematoxylin...
2016: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
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