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Cecilia G Ethun, Lauren M Postlewait, Nina Le, Timothy M Pawlik, Stefan Buettner, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Ryan C Fields, Linda X Jin, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, David A Kooby, Shishir K Maithel
Importance: The current recommendation is to perform re-resection for select patients with incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer. The optimal time interval for re-resection for both patient selection and long-term survival is not known. Objective: To assess the association of time interval from the initial cholecystectomy to reoperation with overall survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014 at 10 US academic institutions...
October 26, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Uri Landes, Alon Barsheshet, Ariel Finkelstein, Victor Guetta, Abid Assali, Amir Halkin, Hanna Vaknin-Assa, Amit Segev, Tamir Bental, Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Israel M Barbash, Ran Kornowski
BACKGROUND: About a decade past the first transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), data are limited regarding temporal trends accompanying its evolution from novel technology to mainstream therapy. We evaluated these trends in a large multicenter TAVI registry. HYPOTHESIS: TAVI is changing and improving with time. METHODS: Patients who underwent TAVI between January 2008 and December 2014 at 3 high-volume Israeli centers were divided into 5 time quintiles according to procedure date...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Tammy C Roman, Kylene Abraham, Kathleen Dever
In 2015, the Academy for Leadership in Long-Term Care received a grant to provide interprofessional training on the strategies and techniques of TeamSTEPPS(®). The results indicated significant changes in the participants' teamwork and communication strategies to improve resident safety. In part one of this article, the discussion includes the background, literature review, and design of this TeamSTEPPS academic partnership. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):490-492.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Christine L Latham, Harsimran Singh, Karen K Ringl
BACKGROUND: A structured peer-mentoring program for diverse nursing students culminated in shared governance meetings between mentors and program coordinators to address mentees' concerns and issues. METHOD: After informed consent, mentees reviewed mentor profiles online and selected mentors. Baseline data were collected on ethnic identity, lifestyle, social support, and academic habits. Outcome data included mentors' self-reflective journal themes and student satisfaction surveys and focus group evaluation of the program...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Erica Mayumi Guskuma, Aline Alves Dos Santos Dullius, Mônica La Salette da Costa Godinho, Maria Silvana Totti Costa, Fábio de Souza Terra
Objective: report the experience of international academic mobility in Ireland through the program Science Without Borders during undergraduate education in nursing. Method: a report of experience presented in chronological order, with a descriptive nature. Results: the opportunity to know and be able to discuss questions regarding health and nursing in Ireland allowed the review of concepts and a more reflective perspective regarding nursing practices...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Elisa Terracciano, Ermanno Zorzoli, Gian Loreto D'Alò, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
Vaccinations and the controversy around them always go in parallel. We identified four categories blending in various amounts of truth and imagination: history, myths, shams and frauds. Over the years, they have alternated and sometimes transformed into one another. This sharp separation into categories is certainly academic and forced. In fact, the line between these aspects is not clear enough to allow a rigid and well-defined division. Our work starts from the category containing the most truthfulness: history, and goes on to analyze two categories that add fantasy to facts: myths and shams (or better, "old wives' tales")...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Frances Prevatt
Evidence suggests that ADHD can impair academic achievement in college students and throughout the life span. College students with ADHD are an at-risk population who might benefit from interventions. An offshoot of CBT-oriented therapy that has grown significantly and gained popularity in recent years is ADHD coaching. ADHD coaching is a psychosocial intervention that helps individuals develop skills, strategies, and behaviors to cope with the core impairments associated with ADHD. Most coaching programs are primarily based on a CBT approach and target planning, time management, goal setting, organization, and problem solving...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Jeffrey E Janis, Jenny C Barker
BACKGROUND: The reproducible benefits of mentoring to mentees have been studied extensively. However, insights from the mentor perspective are less well described. This study evaluates mentorship of plastic surgery medical students from the attending surgeon's perspective. A comparison is made with a previous publication evaluating mentorship from the medical student's perspective. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to 1025 active members of the American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS) and the American Association of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS), with a combined response rate of 23 percent...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Troy A Pittman, Kenneth L Fan, Megan A Rudolph
BACKGROUND: Although literature and case reports regarding anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) continue to increase, changes in plastic surgery practice patterns have not been assessed. METHODS: A 19-question survey was sent electronically to U.S. and international board-certified plastic surgeons. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1383 surgeons (U.S., 715; international, 668) responded, at a rate of 13...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nikhil Sobti, Eric C Liao
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrix has facilitated immediate prosthesis-based breast reconstruction. However, few studies directly compare surgical outcomes following acellular dermal matrix-based reconstruction with two of the most commonly available materials, AlloDerm and FlexHD. Those studies that are available often do not adequately control for the surgeon as a variable. The authors hypothesize that complication rates will not differ significantly between AlloDerm and FlexHD when practice and surgeon variables are properly controlled...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Michael Twa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Bente Kirkhaug, May Britt Drugli, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stian Lydersen, Merethe Åsheim, Sturla Fossum
BACKGROUND: Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different problems, including those with behavioral problems, emotional distress, or social problems. The present study investigated whether the IY-TCM programme, as a universal stand-alone school intervention programme, reduced severe child externalizing problems as reported by the teacher, and evaluated if these children improved their social competence, internalizing problems, academic performances and student- teacher relationship as a result of the IY TCM training...
October 26, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Dinah Chen, Elena Fuell Wysong, Hong Li, Lisa Perriera, Lydia Furman
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between postpartum predischarge depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (ppDMPA) and in-hospital breastfeeding initiation, and the secondary exploratory aim was to determine if any racial disparities are associated with ppDMPA receipt or its relationship to breastfeeding initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of maternal and newborn records at a large urban academic medical center...
October 26, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Semih Turkaya, Renaud Toussaint, Fredrik Kvalheim Eriksen, Olivier Lengliné, Guillaume Daniel, Eirik G Flekkøy, Knut Jørgen Måløy
Acoustic signal localization is a complex problem with a wide range of industrial and academic applications. Herein, we propose a localization method based on energy attenuation and inverted source amplitude comparison (termed estimated source energy homogeneity, or ESEH). This inversion is tested on both synthetic (numerical) data using a Lamb wave propagation model and experimental 2D plate data (recorded with 4 accelerometers sensitive up to 26 kHz). We compare the performance of this technique with classic source localization algorithms: arrival time localization, time reversal localization, and localization based on energy amplitude...
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Paul McKenna, Brent Thoma, Ken Milne, Chris Bond
As part of the Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine's (CJEM) developing social media strategy, 1 we are collaborating with the Skeptics' Guide to Emergency Medicine (SGEM) to summarize and critically appraise the current emergency medicine (EM) literature using evidence-based medicine principles. In the "Hot Off the Press" series, we select original research manuscripts published in CJEM to be featured on the SGEM website/podcast 2 and discussed by the study authors and the online EM community. A similar collaboration is underway between the SGEM and Academic Emergency Medicine...
October 26, 2016: CJEM
Justin Arcaro, Carolyn Summerhurst, Evelyn Vingilis, Michael Wammes, Elizabeth Osuch
This study examined presenting concerns and characteristics of emerging adults (EAs) seeking treatment at an early intervention program for mood and anxiety disorders to better understand presenting concerns when treatment is needed. During an intake assessment conducted by a social worker or clinical psychologist, participants (N = 548; 62% female, 38% male) reported their top three current life concerns, which were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. Participants completed a battery of questionnaires assessing demographic information, symptomatology, and daily functioning...
October 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Henna L Haapala, Mirja H Hirvensalo, Janne Kulmala, Harto Hakonen, Anna Kankaanpää, Kaarlo Laine, Lauri Laakso, Tuija H Tammelin
The aim of the Finnish Schools on the Move program is to create a more active and pleasant school day through physical activity (PA). In this quasi-experimental design, we compared changes in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) during the school day and outside school hours for Grades 1-9 over two academic years in four program schools and two reference schools. Altogether 319 girls and boys aged 7-15 participated in the study between 2010 and 2012. MVPA and ST were measured four times over the 1...
October 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Jennifer L Richards, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Jessica M Sales, William Dana Flanders, Michael R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Preterm children face higher risk of cognitive and academic deficits compared with their full-term peers. The objective of this study was to describe early childhood cognitive ability and kindergarten academic achievement across gestational age at birth in a population-based longitudinal cohort. METHODS: The study population included singletons born at 24-42 weeks gestation enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 6150 for 2-year outcome, n = 4450 for kindergarten outcome)...
October 25, 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Ted Brown, Yuki Murdolo
BACKGROUND/AIM: The academic success and degree completion of tertiary students depends on their academic performance (AP), commonly measured by the percentage grades for the units they complete. No research has examined whether occupational therapy students' approaches to study are predictive of their AP. This study investigated whether approaches to study were predictive of the AP among a group of Australian undergraduate occupational therapy students. METHODS: A total of 376 undergraduate occupational therapy students completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
October 26, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Torbjørn Rognes, Tomáš Flouri, Ben Nichols, Christopher Quince, Frédéric Mahé
BACKGROUND: VSEARCH is an open source and free of charge multithreaded 64-bit tool for processing and preparing metagenomics, genomics and population genomics nucleotide sequence data. It is designed as an alternative to the widely used USEARCH tool (Edgar, 2010) for which the source code is not publicly available, algorithm details are only rudimentarily described, and only a memory-confined 32-bit version is freely available for academic use. METHODS: When searching nucleotide sequences, VSEARCH uses a fast heuristic based on words shared by the query and target sequences in order to quickly identify similar sequences, a similar strategy is probably used in USEARCH...
2016: PeerJ
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