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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749524/academic-outcomes-and-cognitive-performance-in-problematic-internet-users
#1
María Marín Vila, José Luis Carballo Crespo, Ainhoa Coloma Carmona
Only few studies have examined the relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and cognitive and academic performance in adolescents. The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in academic and cognitive performance (perception, attention, memory, verbal fluency and abstract reasoning) between adolescents with and without PIU. A total of 575 students from different high schools of the region of Alicante participated. Students were divided into two groups: adolescents with and without PIU (PIU and NPIU, respectively)...
July 13, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749322/integration-of-slack-a-cloud-based-team-collaboration-application-into-research-coordination
#2
Miriam Gofine, Sunday Clark
Practitioners of epidemiology require efficient real-time communication and shared access to numerous documents in order to effectively manage a study. Much of this communication involves study logistics and does not require use of Protected Health Information. Slack is a team collaboration app; it archives all direct messages and group conversations, hosts documents internally, and integrates with the Google Docs application. Slack has both desktop and mobile applications, allowing users to communicate in real-time without the need to find email addresses or phone numbers or create contact lists...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749317/understanding-the-use-of-geographical-information-systems-gis-in-health-informatics-research-a-review
#3
Nicola Shaw, Suzanne McGuire
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this literature review is to understand geographical information systems (GIS) and how they can be applied to public health informatics, medical informatics, and epidemiology. METHOD: Relevant papers that reflected the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research were identified from four academic databases: Academic Search Complete, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, and Scholars Portal, as well as Google Scholar. The search strategy used was to identify articles with "geographic information systems", "GIS", "public health", "medical informatics", "epidemiology", and "health geography" as main subject headings or text words in titles and abstracts...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749159/hierarchical-exploratory-factor-analyses-of-the-woodcock-johnson-iv-full-test-battery-implications-for-chc-application-in-school-psychology
#4
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
The Woodcock-Johnson (fourth edition; WJ IV; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014a) was recently redeveloped and retains its linkage to Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory (CHC). Independent reviews (e.g., Canivez, 2017) and investigations (Dombrowski, McGill, & Canivez, 2017) of the structure of the WJ IV full test battery and WJ IV Cognitive have suggested the need for additional factor analytic exploration. Accordingly, the present study used principal axis factoring (PAF) followed by the Schmid and Leiman (SL; Schmid & Leiman, 1957) procedure with the 2 school-aged correlation matrices from the normative sample to determine the degree to which the WJ IV total battery structure could be replicated...
July 27, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749091/efficacy-of-ziprasidone-augmentation-of-escitalopram-for-cognitive-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Nadia Iovieno, Richard C Shelton, Samuel R Petrie, Cristina Cusin, Maurizio Fava, George I Papakostas
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of adjunctive ziprasidone for cognitive symptoms in adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) experiencing persistent symptoms after 8 weeks of open-label escitalopram. METHODS: This post hoc analysis was conducted on a database derived from a previously published study. The parent study was a multicenter, parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 3 academic medical centers in the United States from July 2008 to October 2013...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748855/clinical-characteristics-and-endoscopic-endonasal-removal-of-foreign-bodies-within-sinuses-orbit-and-skull-base
#6
Yi-Hui Wen, Wei-Jian Hou, Wen-Bin Lei, Feng-Hong Chen, Xiao-Lin Zhu, Zhang-Feng Wang, Ren-Qiang Ma, Wei-Ping Wen
BACKGROUND: Foreign bodies within the sinuses, orbit, and skull base (FBSOS) are rare; hence, diagnosis and management guidelines are lacking. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) removal is preferred because of the less invasiveness and minimal morbidity. This study was designed to summarize clinical experience with ESS management of FBSOS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical manifestations, imaging findings, treatment, and outcomes in consecutive patients with ESS removal of FBSOS between 2004 and 2015 at a tertiary academic medical center...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748590/conscientious-objection-as-a-barrier-for-implementing-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-in-uruguay-gynecologists-attitudes-and-behavior
#8
Francisco Coppola, Leonel Briozzo, Fernanda Nozar, Verónica Fiol, Diego Greif
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitudes and behavior of gynecologists in Uruguay with respect to the right to conscientious objection that is included in the law concerning voluntary termination of pregnancy. METHODS: The relevant laws and decrees, academic articles, legal or administrative claims, and the positions published by the institutions representing physicians or by groups of gynecologists were analyzed. RESULTS: In general, the institutions positioned themselves in favor of correct application of conscientious objection and the immense majority of gynecologists followed this conduct...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748556/systemic-therapy-treatment-patterns-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-pivotal-study
#9
J de Castro, P Tagliaferri, V C C de Lima, S Ng, M Thomas, A Arunachalam, X Cao, S Kothari, T Burke, H Myeong, A Grattan, D H Lee
The aim of this multinational retrospective cohort study, conducted at academic and community oncology centres, was to describe real-world treatment patterns for patients with a confirmed diagnosis of advanced/metastatic (stage IIIB/IV) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who initiated first-line systemic therapy from January 2011 through June 2014. The study included 1265 patients in Italy, Spain, Germany, Australia, Korea, Taiwan and Brazil. The proportion of patients with squamous versus non-squamous NSCLC was approximately 20% versus 75%, and associated patient demographic characteristics were similar in all countries, excepting race...
July 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748444/sustained-growth-of-a-university-based-endocrine-surgery-program-over-10-years
#10
Shonan Sho, Emily S Singer, Eric Kwok, Randi Hissom, Avital Harari, Masha J Livhits, Michael W Yeh
BACKGROUND: Endocrine surgery continues to mature as a subspecialty field. We describe the clinical performance of an academic endocrine surgery program (ESP) over its first 10 years. METHODS: We examined all endocrine procedures performed during the 10-year period (2006-2015) following the inception of the ESP. Institutional and state-level data on case volume, patient geographic origin, and hospital-side costs were obtained. RESULTS: Endocrine case volume increased by approximately ninefold over the study period (from 102 cases in 2006 to 919 cases in 2015)...
July 26, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748443/adherence-to-guidelines-for-adult-non-gist-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-the-netherlands-a-plea-for-dedicated-sarcoma-centers
#11
Harald J Hoekstra, Rick L M Haas, Cornelis Verhoef, Albert J H Suurmeijer, Carla S P van Rijswijk, Ben G H Bongers, Winette T van der Graaf, Vincent K Y Ho
INTRODUCTION: Optimal management of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) remains a challenge. A nationwide survey assessed the quality of STS care in the Netherlands, thereby aiming to identify potentialities for improvement through more centralized disease management. METHODS: From the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR), data were obtained on 3317 adult STS patients (excluding gastrointestinal stromal tumor, GIST) diagnosed in 2006-2011. Logistic regression models were employed to compare outcomes on selected clinical indicators reflecting prevailing STS guidelines between high-volume (≥10 resections annually) and low-volume (<10 resections) hospitals, between academic and general hospitals, and between sarcoma research centers and other hospitals, adjusted for case mix...
July 26, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#12
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748031/antibiofilm-peptides-against-oral-biofilms
#13
Zhejun Wang, Ya Shen, Markus Haapasalo
The oral cavity is a major entry point for bacteria and other microorganisms. Oral biofilms are formed by mixed communities of microorganisms embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix. Biofilms forming on dental hard or soft tissue are the major cause of caries and endodontic and periodontal disease. Human oral biofilms exhibit high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Antibiofilm peptides constitute a diverse class of host-defense molecules that act to combat invasion and infection with biofilms. Different in vitro and in vivo biofilm models with quantitative analysis have been established to provide predictable platforms for the evaluation of the antibiofilm effect of oral antibiofilm peptides...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747953/current-epidemiological-data-on-asthma-management-in-south-korea-from-qualitative-assessment-of-asthma-management-by-health-insurance-review-and-assessment-service-hira
#14
REVIEW
So Ri Kim, Yong Chul Lee, Myung Ju Sung, Hye Won Bae
Since 2015, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) has performed annual qualitative assessments of asthma management provided by all medical institutions that care for asthma patients in Korea. According to the third report of qualitative assessment of asthma management in 2017, the assessment appears to have contributed to improving the quality of asthma care provided by medical institutions, especially primary clinics. However, there is still a gap between the ideal goals of asthma management and actual health care policies/regulations in real clinical settings, which leads to the state of standstill with respect to the quality of asthma management despite considerable efforts such as the qualitative assessment of asthma management by national agencies such as the HIRA...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747149/public-health-interventions-school-nurse-practice-stories
#15
Linda J W Anderson, Marjorie A Schaffer, Cynthia Hiltz, Stacie A O'Leary, Ruth Ellen Luehr, Erika L Yoney
This study describes and analyzes school nurses' (SN) experiences with understanding and using public health interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel. The Wheel offers a model for naming interventions provided by SNs from a public health perspective. Research teams from academic and SN practice settings conducted six focus groups with school nurses from Minnesota. Participants were asked to share experiences through telling stories from their practice that represented a specific wedge of the Wheel...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747089/advances-in-nanopore-sensing-promises-to-transform-healthcare
#16
Farzin Haque, Shaoying Wang, Taoxiang Wu, Peixuan Guo
International Conference on Nanopore Technology (Shenzhen), 30 March-1 April 2017, Shenzhen, China The International Conference on Nanopore Technology (Shenzhen) was held from 30 March to 1 April 2017 in Shenzhen, China. The goal of the meeting was threefold: leverage the unique properties of nanopore technology to promote transformative advances in medicine, encourage cross-disciplinary collaborations in the research community within China and abroad; and discuss critical challenges that need to be addressed to rapidly advance the field...
July 27, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746802/leading-by-gaslight-nursing-s-academic-leadership-struggles
#17
EDITORIAL
David R Thompson, Alexander M Clark
What characterizes strong nursing leadership in academia? Not what you might think. Popular mythology may suggest strength and certainty: people who transcend, get their way, and "call" the important decisions (Brown 2014). Yet, historian Archie Brown (2014) analyzing hundreds of leaders over hundreds of years suggests otherwise, with: integrity, relationship building, collegiality, curiosity, willingness to seek disparate views, empathy and energy being far more important (Brown 2014). Stereotypical strength, it transpires, is steadfast weakness...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746751/cancer-donor-preferences-for-disposition-of-their-biospecimens-after-biobank-closure
#18
Samuel C Allen, Margie D Dixon, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Biobank funding is unstable and biobank administrators are concerned about loss of funding and subsequent biobank closure. Nevertheless, only a minority of biobanks have policies regarding the distribution or destruction of tissue if the biobank were to close. To the authors' knowledge, the current study is the first to report on the preferences of oncology biospecimen donors regarding the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure. METHODS: A total of 98 biospecimen donors who were diagnosed with cancer at the Georgia Cancer Center for Excellence at Grady Memorial Hospital or the Winship Cancer Institute were interviewed concerning their preferences for the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure...
July 26, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746403/change-in-children-s-school-behavior-after-mass-administration-of-praziquantel-for-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-endemic-areas-of-western-kenya-a-pilot-study-using-the-behavioral-assessment-system-for-children-basc-2
#19
Rosemary Musuva, Ye Shen, Xianjue Wei, Sue Binder, Julianne A Ivy, W Evan Secor, Susan P Montgomery, Charles H King, Pauline N M Mwinzi
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a parasite-related chronic inflammatory condition that can cause anemia, decreased growth, liver abnormalities, and deficits in cognitive functioning among children. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study used the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-2) to collect data on thirty-six 9-12 year old school-attending children's behavioral profiles in an Schistosoma mansoni-endemic area of western Kenya, before and after treatment with praziquantel for S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746291/state-of-the-plastic-surgery-workforce-and-the-impact-of-graduate-medical-education-reform-on-training-of-plastic-surgeons
#20
Lindsay Janes, Steven T Lanier, Gregory R D Evans, Steven J Kasten, Keith M Hume, Arun K Gosain
BACKGROUND: Although recent estimates predict a large impending shortage of plastic surgeons, graduate medical education funding through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services remains capped by the 1997 Balanced Budget Act. The authors' aim was to develop a plan to stimulate legislative action. METHODS: The authors reviewed responses of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American College of Surgeons, and American Medical Association from January of 2015 to a House Energy & Commerce Committee request for input on graduate medical education funding...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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