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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149587/%C3%A2-and-the-wisdom-to-know-the-difference-scholarly-success-from-a-wisdom-perspective
#1
Judith Glück
What makes a researcher wise? At least for the field of psychology, I argue that the two main characteristics of scholarly wisdom are a desire to understand, rather than to be right, and an orientation toward ethical values. These characteristics do not necessarily produce the highest levels of academic success. Because wisdom is partly context dependent, the actual wisdom of our scientific output could be increased by making some changes to our publication and evaluation culture-changes that might benefit our field and even the world around us...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149585/are-twitter-and-blogs-important-tools-for-the-modern-psychological-scientist
#2
Yana Weinstein, Megan A Sumeracki
Psychological scientists have many roles, one of which is, arguably, to communicate their research findings to a broader audience. Twitter and blogging offer relatively inexpensive options for this type of outreach. Engagement in these outreach efforts can lead to career enhancement, but also comes at a cost. We examined a sample of 327 psychological scientists to determine the prevalence of this type of outreach; while the use of Twitter appears to be on the rise, blogging remains very rare. In this piece, we explore the costs and benefits for psychological scientists of blogging and engaging with the general public on Twitter, and how tweeting and blogging might relate to academic merit and varieties of fame in psychology...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149581/family-matters-measuring-impact-through-one-s-academic-descendants
#3
Elizabeth J Marsh
Scientific contributions take many forms, not all of which result in fame or are captured in traditional metrics of success (e.g., h factor). My focus is on one of the most lasting and important contributions a scientist can make: training scientists who go on to train scientists, who in turn train more scientists, etc. Academic genealogies provide many examples of scientists whose names might not be recognizable today but who trained psychologists that went on to publish very influential work. Of course success results from a combination of many factors (including but not limited to the student's abilities and motivation, luck, institutional resources, mentoring, etc...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149579/doing-for-the-greater-good-what-price-in-academe
#4
Suniya S Luthar
In discussing how merit is commonly judged in academia, my focus in this article is not on dimensions that are currently considered but on those that warrant more attention. Grounded in suggestions offered by Sternberg, I argue here for increased recognition of faculty's commitment to intrinsic values-focused on community and relationships-and not just extrinsic ones that connote personal fame or status. I first summarize evidence of disillusionment among today's promising young scholars and then provide exemplars of role models who have, in fact, maintained high standards in both intrinsic and extrinsic domains...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149519/early-executive-dysfunction-in-asd-simple-versus-complex-skills
#5
Nancy Garon, Isabel M Smith, Susan E Bryson
Despite the strong evidence of executive function (EF) impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), findings in the preschool period have been inconsistent. Whereas some research has supported an early deficit, many studies have not found early differences in EF. The present study assessed simple and complex components of three EF abilities: working memory, inhibition, and shifting, using a novel battery, the Preschool EF Battery (PEFB; Garon, Smith & Bryson, Child Neuropsychology, 20, 713-736, 2014). Previous research has indicated that the PEFB is sensitive to age differences in typically developing (TD) children aged 18-60 months...
November 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149450/a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-comparing-cancer-clinical-trial-availability-and-enrollment-between-early-adolescents-young-adults-and-children
#6
Stefanie M Thomas, Jemily Malvar, Henry Tran, Jared Shows, David R Freyer
BACKGROUND: Poor enrollment of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (ages 15-39 years) onto cancer clinical trials (CCTs) may contribute to inferior survival gains compared with children. In this study, the authors assessed whether differences in CCT availability would explain lower CCT enrollment for early AYAs (eAYAs) (ages 15-21 years). METHODS: This prospective, observational cohort study was conducted at a single academic children's hospital. For consecutive patients who were newly diagnosed with cancer over a 13-month period, it was determined whether an appropriate CCT existed nationally or was available locally and whether enrollment on that CCT occurred...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149156/survival-analysis-of-occipital-nerve-stimulator-leads-placed-under-fluoroscopic-guidance-with-and-without-ultrasonography
#7
James H Jones, Alison Brown, Daniel Moyse, Wenjing Qi, Lance Roy
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation of the greater occipital nerves is performed to treat pain secondary to chronic daily headaches and occipital neuralgia. The use of fluoroscopy alone to guide the surgical placement of electrodes near the greater occipital nerves disregards the impact of tissue planes on lead stability and stimulation efficacy. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that occipital neurostimulator (ONS) leads placed with ultrasonography combined with fluoroscopy would demonstrate increased survival rates and times when compared to ONS leads placed with fluoroscopy alone...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149143/efficacy-of-magnesium-sulfate-added-to-local-anesthetic-in-a-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-analgesia-following-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-trial
#8
Kelany A Abd-Elsalam, Khaled M Fares, Montaser A Mohamed, Mohamed F Mohamed, Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Moaaz M Tohamy
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgeries are associated with severe pain, which can affect respiratory and cardiac functions if insufficiently treated; this increases postoperative morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aim at evaluating the efficacy of magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to local anesthetic in an ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in total abdominal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148929/web-based-alcohol-intervention-in-first-year-college-students-efficacy-of-full-program-administration-prior-to-second-semester
#9
Rebecca J Gilbertson, Tina R Norton, Susan H Beery, Kassandra R Lee
BACKGROUND: Commercially available, web-based interventions for the prevention of alcohol use are being adopted for universal use with first-year college students, yet few have received empirical evaluation. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of a novel, commercially available, personalized web-based alcohol intervention, Alcohol-Wise (version 4.0, 3(rd) Millennium Classrooms), on multiple measures of alcohol consumption, alcohol consequences, alcohol expectancies, academic achievement, and adaptation to college in first-year students...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148827/for-video-games-bad-news-is-good-news-news-reporting-of-violent-video-game-studies
#10
Allen Copenhaver, Oana Mitrofan, Christopher J Ferguson
News coverage of video game violence studies has been critiqued for focusing mainly on studies supporting negative effects and failing to report studies that did not find evidence for such effects. These concerns were tested in a sample of 68 published studies using child and adolescent samples. Contrary to our hypotheses, study effect size was not a predictor of either newspaper coverage or publication in journals with a high-impact factor. However, a relationship between poorer study quality and newspaper coverage approached significance...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148406/high-3-year-golimumab-survival-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-real-world-data-from-328-patients
#11
Konstantinos Thomas, Irini Flouri, Argiro Repa, Kalliopi Fragiadaki, Petros P Sfikakis, Christos Koutsianas, Evripidis Kaltsonoudis, Paraskevi V Voulgari, Alexandros A Drosos, Evangelia Petrikkou, Prodromos Sidiropoulos, Dimitrios Vassilopoulos
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to study the long-term survival on drug (SOD) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated with golimumab (GLM) in real life settings. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study of all patients treated with GLM in 4 Academic Centres in Greece during a 4-year period (09/2010-06/2014). SOD was analysed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, while Cox regression analysis estimating hazard ratios (HRs) for different baseline variables associated with drug discontinuation was performed for each disease...
November 9, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148095/vascular-complications-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-and-venous-access-closure-using-suture-or-closure-device
#12
Birgit Steppich, Felix Stegmüller, Philipp Moritz Rumpf, Jürgen Pache, Carolin Sonne, Hasema Lesevic, Daniel Braun, Jörg Hausleiter, Albert Markus Kasel, Ilka Ott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different access-site closure strategies, suture or closure device (Proglide, Abbott Vascular), on vascular and bleeding complications after percutaneous mitral valve repair (MitraClip, Abbott Vascular). BACKGROUND: Considering the high-risk profile in patients receiving percutaneous mitral valve repair, complications related to the large 24 Fr access sheath and its relation to the closure technique have not been evaluated so far...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147880/targeted-physician-education-and-standardizing-documentation-improves-documented-reporting-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quality-measures-in-a-large-academic-and-private-practice
#13
Joseph D Feuerstein, Konstantinos Papamichael, Sara Popejoy, Adam Nadelson, Jeffrey J Lewandowski, Kathy Geissler, Manuel Martinez-Vazquez, Daniel A Leffler, Kim Ariyabuddhiphongs, Chandrashekhar Thukral, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown poor compliance with quality measures for IBD at academic and private practices. We sought to provide focused interventions to improve compliance and documentation with the IBD measures. METHODS: Two centers, academic practice (AP) and private practice (PP), initially reviewed their compliance with eight established IBD quality measures in consecutive charts. A multi-faceted intervention was developed to improve awareness and documentation of these measures...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147878/knowledge-gaps-in-the-management-of-postoperative-crohn-s-disease-a-us-national-survey
#14
Vu Q Nguyen, Jessica L Mays, Marissa Lang, Yingxing Wu, Themistocles Dassopoulos, Miguel Regueiro, Alan Moss, Deborah D Proctor, Dario Sorrentino
BACKGROUND: Postoperative recurrence (POR) of Crohn's disease (CD) is common. Guidelines on POR management have recently been issued, but clinical practice may vary. AIMS: To examine the current clinical practice of POR management in the USA METHODS: A web-based survey was sent to all members of the American Gastroenterological Association and the American College of Gastroenterology. The survey consisted of multiple-choice questions with clinical scenarios to assess how participants manage POR...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147876/objective-differences-in-colonoscopy-technique-between-trainee-and-expert-endoscopists-using-the-colonoscopy-force-monitor
#15
Alexander R Ende, Piet De Groen, Bryan L Balmadrid, Joo Ha Hwang, John Inadomi, Tomasz Wojtera, Vladimir Egorov, Noune Sarvazyan, Louis Korman
BACKGROUND: Learning to perform colonoscopy safely and effectively is central to gastroenterology fellowship programs. The application of force to the colonoscope is an important part of colonoscopy technique. AIMS: We compared force application during colonoscopy between novice and expert endoscopists using a novel device to determine differences in colonoscopy technique. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study designed to compare force application during colonoscopy between novice and experienced trainees, made up of gastroenterology fellows from two training programs, and expert endoscopists from both academic and private practice settings...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147645/real-world-cure-rates-for-hepatitis-c-virus-treatments-that-include-simeprevir-and-or-sofosbuvir-are-comparable-to-clinical-trial-results
#16
Kian Bichoupan, Neeta Tandon, James F Crismale, Joshua Hartman, David Del Bello, Neal Patel, Sweta Chekuri, Alyson Harty, Michel Ng, Keith M Sigel, Meena B Bansal, Priya Grewal, Charissa Y Chang, Jennifer Leong, Gene Y Im, Lawrence U Liu, Joseph A Odin, Nancy Bach, Scott L Friedman, Thomas D Schiano, Ponni V Perumalswami, Douglas T Dieterich, Andrea D Branch
AIM: To assess the real-world effectiveness and cost of simeprevir (SMV), and/or sofosbuvir (SOF)-based therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS: The real-world performance of patients treated with SMV/SOF ± ribavirin (RBV), SOF/RBV, and SOF/RBV with pegylated-interferon (PEG) were analyzed in a consecutive series of 508 patients with chronic HCV infection treated at a single academic medical center. Patients with genotypes 1 through 4 were included...
November 12, 2017: World Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146800/racing-for-academic-glory-and-patents-lessons-from-crispr
#17
Arti K Rai, Robert Cook-Deegan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146667/building-better-bridges-into-stem-a-synthesis-of-25-years-of-literature-on-stem-summer-bridge-programs
#18
Michael Ashley, Katelyn M Cooper, Jacqueline M Cala, Sara E Brownell
Summer bridge programs are designed to help transition students into the college learning environment. Increasingly, bridge programs are being developed in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines because of the rigorous content and lower student persistence in college STEM compared with other disciplines. However, to our knowledge, a comprehensive review of STEM summer bridge programs does not exist. To provide a resource for bridge program developers, we conducted a systematic review of the literature on STEM summer bridge programs...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146666/students-in-fully-online-programs-report-more-positive-attitudes-toward-science-than-students-in-traditional-in-person-programs
#19
Viranga Perera, Chris Mead, Sanlyn Buxner, David Lopatto, Lev Horodyskyj, Steven Semken, Ariel D Anbar
Following the growth of online, higher-education courses, academic institutions are now offering fully online degree programs. Yet it is not clear how students who enroll in fully online degree programs are similar to those students who enroll in in-person ("traditional") degree programs. Because previous work has shown students' attitudes toward science can affect their performance in a course, it is valuable to ask how attitudes toward science differ between these two populations. We studied students who completed a fully online astrobiology course...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146647/initial-non-operative-management-of-uncomplicated-appendicitis-in-children-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-apac-trial
#20
Max Knaapen, Johanna H van der Lee, Roel Bakx, Sarah-May L The, Ernst W E van Heurn, Hugo A Heij, Ramon R Gorter
INTRODUCTION: Based on epidemiological, immunological and pathology data, the idea that appendicitis is not necessarily a progressive disease is gaining ground. Two types are distinguished: simple and complicated appendicitis. Non-operative treatment (NOT) of children with simple appendicitis has been investigated in several small studies. So far, it is deemed safe. However, its effectiveness and effect on quality of life (QoL) have yet to be established in an adequately powered randomised trial...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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