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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650741/microbial-culturomics-application-for-global-health-noncontiguous-finished-genome-sequence-and-description-of-pseudomonas-massiliensis-strain-cb-1-t-sp-nov-in-brazil
#2
Lucie Bardet, Teresa Cimmino, Clémence Buffet, Caroline Michelle, Jaishriram Rathored, Fatalmoudou Tandina, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Saber Khelaifia, Jônatas Abrahão, Didier Raoult, Jean-Marc Rolain
Culturomics is a new postgenomics field that explores the microbial diversity of the human gut coupled with taxono-genomic strategy. Culturomics, and the microbiome science more generally, are anticipated to transform global health diagnostics and inform the ways in which gut microbial diversity contributes to human health and disease, and by extension, to personalized medicine. Using culturomics, we report in this study the description of strain CB1(T) ( = CSUR P1334 = DSM 29075), a new species isolated from a stool specimen from a 37-year-old Brazilian woman...
June 26, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649464/light-in-diagnosis-therapy-and-surgery
#3
Seok Hyun Yun, Sheldon J J Kwok
Light and optical techniques have made profound impacts on modern medicine, with numerous lasers and optical devices being currently used in clinical practice to assess health and treat disease. Recent advances in biomedical optics have enabled increasingly sophisticated technologies - in particular those that integrate photonics with nanotechnology, biomaterials and genetic engineering. In this Review, we revisit the fundamentals of light-matter interactions, describe the applications of light in imaging, diagnosis, therapy and surgery, overview their clinical use, and discuss the promise of emerging light-based technologies...
2017: Nature biomedical engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649444/reverse-engineering-highlights-potential-principles-of-large-gene-regulatory-network-design-and-learning
#4
Clément Carré, André Mas, Gabriel Krouk
Inferring transcriptional gene regulatory networks from transcriptomic datasets is a key challenge of systems biology, with potential impacts ranging from medicine to agronomy. There are several techniques used presently to experimentally assay transcription factors to target relationships, defining important information about real gene regulatory networks connections. These techniques include classical ChIP-seq, yeast one-hybrid, or more recently, DAP-seq or target technologies. These techniques are usually used to validate algorithm predictions...
2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649106/-aging-and-homeostasis-aging-control-through-cardiac-regenerative-medicine
#5
Katsuhisa Matsuura
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the developed countries and various physical conditions in heart failure attribute to the impaired physical activities, which promotes aging. The principle cause of heart failure is the loss of self-renewal ability of cardiomyocytes in various injuries such as myocardial infarction. The replacement of injured tissues with the regenerated human myocardial tissues using technologies on tissue engineering and iPS cell will provide us the novel therapeutic strategy for heart failure and the related aging issues...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647433/targeted-release-of-transcription-factors-for-human-cell-reprogramming-by-zebra-cell-penetrating-peptide
#6
Benjamin Caulier, Lionel Berthoin, Helène Coradin, Frédéric Garban, Marie Claire Dagher, Benoît Polack, Bertrand Toussaint, Jean Luc Lenormand, David Laurin
Transcription factors (TFs) are key actors of the control of gene expression and consequently of every major process within cells, ranging from cell fate determination, cell cycle control and response to environment. Their ectopic expression has proven high potential in reprogramming cells for regenerative medicine; ontogenesis studies and cell based modelling. Direct delivery of proteins could represent an alternative to current reprogramming methods using gene transfer but still needs technological improvements...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647152/a-first-report-of-rare-earth-elements-in-northwestern-mediterranean-seaweeds
#7
Stefania Squadrone, Paola Brizio, Marco Battuello, Nicola Nurra, Rocco Mussat Sartor, Alessandro Benedetto, Daniela Pessani, Maria Cesarina Abete
The concentrations of rare earth elements (REE) were determined by ICP-MS in dominant seaweed species, collected from three locations of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. This is the first study to define levels and patterns of REE in macro algae from these coastal areas. Rare elements are becoming emerging inorganic contaminants in marine ecosystems, due to their worldwide increasing applications in industry, technology, medicine and agriculture. Significant inter-site and interspecies differences were registered, with higher levels of REE in brown and green macro algae than in red seaweeds...
June 21, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646808/traditional-uyghur-medicine-concepts-historical-perspective-and-modernization
#8
Adelijang Wusiman, Saifuding Abula, Mikeremu Shayibuzhati, Xiaoying Zhang
Context • Traditional Uyghur medicine (TUM) is rooted in ancient Uyghur medical theory that was developed with the combined essence of different traditional medicines, such as Han Chinese, Egyptian, ancient Greek, Arabian, Persian, and Indian medicines. Modern experimental methods and technologies for disease diagnoses have accelerated the modernization of Uyghur medicine. Objective • The research team intended to compile a comprehensive introduction to TUM and to determine the current state of research in the field to establish a basis for future modernization of Uygur medicine...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645963/effectiveness-and-safety-of-moxibustion-treatment-for-non-specific-lower-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Jungtae Leem, Seunghoon Lee, Yeoncheol Park, Byung-Kwan Seo, Yeeun Cho, Jung Won Kang, Yoon Jae Lee, In-Hyuk Ha, Hyun-Jong Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Dongwoo Nam
INTRODUCTION: Many patients experience acute lower back pain that becomes chronic pain. The proportion of patients using complementary and alternative medicine to treat lower back is increasing. Even though several moxibustion clinical trials for lower back pain have been conducted, the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion intervention is controversial. The purpose of this study protocol for a systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion treatment for non-specific lower back pain patients...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644975/a-neural-blood-pressure-marker-for-bioelectronic-medicines-for-treatment-of-hypertension
#10
Cristian Sevcencu, Thomas N Nielsen, Johannes J Struijk
A novel therapeutic approach for treating resistant hypertension could be the use of bioelectronic medicines to achieve blood pressure (BP) control in implanted patients by closed-loop stimulation of the left vagus nerve (LVN). However, such a technology would require an implantable BP marker, which is not available yet. As it is known that the LVN conducts afferent BP-related signals, this study aimed to investigate if such signals could be recorded with implantable means and used to derive BP markers. The present experiments were performed in anesthetized pigs subjected to a transient or stable BP increase induced by adrenaline administration...
June 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644958/translating-cancer-epigenomics-into-the-clinic-focus-on-lung-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Josep Mari-Alexandre, Angel Diaz-Lagares, Maria Villalba, Oscar Juan, Ana B Crujeiras, Alfonso Calvo, Juan Sandoval
Epigenetic deregulation is increasingly being recognized as a hallmark of cancer. Recent studies have identified many new epigenetic biomarkers, some of which are being introduced into clinical practice for diagnosis, molecular classification, prognosis or prediction of response to therapies. O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene is the most clinically advanced epigenetic biomarker as it predicts the response to temozolomide and carmustine in gliomas. Therefore, epigenomics may represent a novel and promising tool for precision medicine, and in particular, the detection of epigenomic biomarkers in liquid biopsies will be of great interest for monitoring diseases in patients...
June 2, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643930/moving-towards-precision-orthodontics-an-evolving-paradigm-shift-in-the-planning-and-delivery-of-customized-orthodontic-therapy
#12
REVIEW
A H Jheon, S Oberoi, R C Solem, S Kapila
Advances in precision medicine portend similar progress in orthodontics and will be increasingly harnessed to achieve customized treatment approaches and enhance treatment efficiencies. Our goal is to provide a background on emerging advances in computer technologies and biomedicine and highlight their current and likely future applications to precision orthodontics. A review of orthodontically relevant technologies and advances in pertinent biological research was undertaken. Innovations in computer hardware and software, and 3D imaging technologies offer the ability for customized treatment and biomechanical planning that will be more fully realized within the next few decades...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642940/mass-spectrometry-imaging-for-clinical-research-latest-developments-applications-and-current-limitations
#13
REVIEW
Pierre-Maxence Vaysse, Ron M A Heeren, Tiffany Porta, Benjamin Balluff
Mass spectrometry is being used in many clinical research areas ranging from toxicology to personalized medicine. Of all the mass spectrometry techniques, mass spectrometry imaging (MSI), in particular, has continuously grown towards clinical acceptance. Significant technological and methodological improvements have contributed to enhance the performance of MSI recently, pushing the limits of throughput, spatial resolution, and sensitivity. This has stimulated the spread of MSI usage across various biomedical research areas such as oncology, neurological disorders, cardiology, and rheumatology, just to name a few...
June 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642381/chemical-transformation-of-xenobiotics-by-the-human-gut-microbiota
#14
REVIEW
Nitzan Koppel, Vayu Maini Rekdal, Emily P Balskus
The human gut microbiota makes key contributions to the metabolism of ingested compounds (xenobiotics), transforming hundreds of dietary components, industrial chemicals, and pharmaceuticals into metabolites with altered activities, toxicities, and lifetimes within the body. The chemistry of gut microbial xenobiotic metabolism is often distinct from that of host enzymes. Despite their important consequences for human biology, the gut microbes, genes, and enzymes involved in xenobiotic metabolism are poorly understood...
June 23, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642108/investing-in-new-technology-in-pulmonary-medicine-navigating-the-tortuous-path-to-success
#15
REVIEW
Robert Kruklitis, Kim French, Michael Joseph Cangelosi, Kevin L Kovitz
The introduction of new technologies offer the promise to advance medicine. This occurs alongside improved efforts to control costs of healthcare by hospital administrators, Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) pivot to value programs, and commercial payers' efforts to reduce reimbursement. These trends present a challenge for the pulmonologist, among others, who must navigate increasingly complex and highly scrutinized evaluation processes used to secure new technologies. Healthcare providers are turning toward value assessments, while simultaneously tasked with a mission of offering state-of-the art technologies and services...
June 19, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641935/fatty-acid-modified-gapmer-antisense-oligonucleotide-and-serum-albumin-constructs-for-pharmacokinetic-modulation
#16
Michael Lykke Hvam, Yunpeng Cai, Frederik Dagnæs-Hansen, Jesper Sejrup Nielsen, Jesper Wengel, Jørgen Kjems, Kenneth A Howard
Delivery technologies are required for realizing the clinical potential of molecular medicines. This work presents an alternative technology to preformulated delivery systems by harnessing the natural transport properties of serum albumin using endogenous binding of gapmer antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs)/albumin constructs. We show by an electrophoretic mobility assay that fatty acid-modified gapmer and human serum albumin (HSA) can self-assemble into constructs that offer favorable pharmacokinetics. The interaction was dependent on fatty acid type (either palmitic or myristic acid), number, and position within the gapmer ASO sequence, as well as phosphorothioate (PS) backbone modifications...
June 19, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641554/future-of-spermatogonial-stem-cell-culture-application-of-nanofiber-scaffolds
#17
Azar Shams, Neda Eslahi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Fariborz Izadyar, Hamidreza Asgari, Morteza Koruji
The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are unique in mammals because they can transmit genetic information from generation to generation and it is of significant importance. In testes, Sertoli cells, peritubular myoid cells, Leydig cells and other interstitial cells contribute to the spermatogonial stem cell "niche". So, creation of niche in in vitro condition that mimics in vivo environment is essential to maintain functional characteristic of SSCs. Nanofiber matrices mimic the architecture and size scale of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM)...
June 22, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640984/is-it-right-to-ignore-learning-curve-patients-laparoscopic-colorectal-trials
#18
Alan P Meagher, Shi Yang, Shuyuan Li
BACKGROUND: Increasingly complex, technically demanding surgical procedures utilizing emerging technologies have developed over recent decades and are recognized as having long 'learning curves'. This raises significant new issues. Ethically and scientifically, the outcome of a patient in the learning curve is as important as the outcome of a patient outside the learning curve. The aim of this study is to highlight just one aspect of our approach to learning-curve patients that should change...
June 22, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640968/the-impact-of-andean-patagonian-mycoflora-in-the-search-for-new-lead-molecules
#19
REVIEW
Pedro M Aqueveque, Carlos L Cespedes, Isao Kubo, David S Seigler, Olov Sterner
Secondary metabolites from fungi have become a major source of chemical innovation in programs searching for lead molecules with bioactivities, especially over the last 50 years. In this review, we discuss the fundamental considerations in the discovery of molecules for agricultural and medicinal uses. This group of organisms possesses a strong potential for scientific and industrial communities. Recently, the incorporation of new technologies for the artificial cultivation of fungi and the use of better equipment to isolate and identify active metabolites has allowed the discovery of leading molecules for the design of new and safer drugs and pesticides...
June 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640705/genomic-analysis-of-childhood-brain-tumors-methods-for-genome-wide-discovery-and-precision-medicine-become-mainstream
#20
Stephen C Mack, Paul A Northcott
Recent breakthroughs in next-generation sequencing technology and complementary genomic platforms have transformed our capacity to interrogate the molecular landscapes of human cancers, including childhood brain tumors. Numerous high-throughput genomic studies have been reported for the major histologic brain tumor entities diagnosed in children, including interrogations at the level of the genome, epigenome, and transcriptome, many of which have yielded essential new insights into disease biology. The nature of these discoveries has been largely platform dependent, exemplifying the usefulness of applying different genomic and computational strategies, or integrative approaches, to address specific biologic and/or clinical questions...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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