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Yun-Yun Zeng, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Juan Zhao, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary alpha-linolenic acid/linoleic acid (ALA/LNA) ratios on the immune response, tight junctions, antioxidant status and immune-related signaling molecules mRNA levels in the intestine of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 1260 juvenile grass carp with an average initial weight of 8.78 ± 0.03 g were fed diets with different ALA/LNA ratios (0.01, 0.34, 0.68, 1.03, 1.41, 1.76 and 2.15) for 60 days. Results indicated that ALA/LNA ratio of 1...
April 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
X Peng, M Dong, L Ma, X-E Jia, J Mao, C Jin, Y Chen, L Gao, X Liu, K Ma, L Wang, T Du, Y Jin, Q Huang, K Li, L I Zon, T Liu, M Deng, Y Zhou, X Xi, Y Zhou, S Chen
Controlled self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) are critical for vertebrate development and survival. These processes are tightly regulated by the transcription factors, signaling molecules and epigenetic factors. Impaired regulations of their function could result in hematological malignancies. Using a large-scale zebrafish N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis screening, we identified a line named LDD731, which presented significantly increased HSPCs in hematopoietic organs...
December 2015: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Israr Ahmad, Smriti Shukla, Deepali Singh, Amit Kumar Chauhan, Vinod Kumar, Brajesh Kumar Singh, Devendra Kumar Patel, Haushila Prasad Pandey, Chetna Singh
Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1), glutathione-S-transferase A4-4 (GSTA4-4), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are implicated in maneb- and paraquat-induced toxicity leading to various pathological conditions. The study aimed to investigate the role of CYP2E1 in maneb- and paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rat polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and its crosstalk with iNOS-mediated nitrosative stress and GSTA4-4-linked protective effect, if any and their consequent links with the nuclear factor erythoid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression...
August 2014: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Darren M Miller, Juan A Wang, Ashley K Buchanan, Edward D Hall
The pathophysiological importance of oxidative damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been extensively demonstrated. The transcription factor nuclear factor erythoid related factor 2 (Nrf2) mediates antioxidant and cytoprotective genes by binding to antioxidant response elements (ARE) present in nuclear DNA. In this study, we characterized the time course of Nrf2-ARE-mediated expression in the cortex and hippocampus using a unilateral controlled cortical impact model of focal TBI. Ipsilateral hippocampal and cortical tissue was collected for Western-blot protein analysis (n=6/group) or quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for mRNA (n=3/group) at 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h or 1 week post-injury...
July 1, 2014: Journal of Neurotrauma
Tatyana Ulyanova, Steven M Padilla, Thalia Papayannopoulou
When the erythroid integrins α5β1 and α4β1 were each deleted previously at the stem cell level, they yielded distinct physiologic responses to stress by affecting erythoid expansion and terminal differentiation or only the latter, respectively. To test at what stage of differentiation the integrin effects were exerted, we created mice with α4- or α5-integrin deletions only in erythroid cells and characterized them at homeostasis and after phenylhydrazine-induced hemolytic stress. Unlike our prior data, the phenotype of mice with α5-erythroid deletions was similar to controls, especially after stress...
May 2014: Experimental Hematology
Nicki A Baker, Victoria English, Manjula Sunkara, Andrew J Morris, Kevin J Pearson, Lisa A Cassis
Resveratrol (RSV) is a plant polyphenol that exhibits several favorable effects on glucose homeostasis in adipocytes. Recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated that coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) that are ligands of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor impair glucose homeostasis in mice. PCB-induced impairment of glucose homeostasis was associated with augmented expression of inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue, a site for accumulation of lipophilic PCBs. This study determined if RSV protects against PCB-77 induced impairment of glucose disposal in vitro and in vivo and if these beneficial effects are associated with enhanced nuclear factor erythoid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling in adipose tissue...
December 2013: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Hitoshi Endo, Maki Niioka, Noriko Kobayashi, Mamoru Tanaka, Tetsu Watanabe
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes simple steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The gut-derived endotoxin plays an essential role in the pathophysiological development and progression of NAFLD. By using rat models of choline-deficient/L-amino acid-defined (CDAA)-diet-induced NAFLD, we examined whether MIYAIRI 588--a butyrate-producing probiotic--prevents the progression of pathophysiological changes from steatosis to hepatocarcinogenesis...
2013: PloS One
Yu-Kun Jennifer Zhang, Kai Connie Wu, Curtis D Klaassen
Acute fasting causes elevated oxidative stress. The current study investigated the effects of the nuclear factor erythoid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), the sensor of oxidative stress in cells, on energy homeostasis and liver pathophysiology during fasting. Feed was removed from mice possessing none (Nrf2-null), normal (wild-type, WT), enhanced (Keap1-knockdown, K1-KD), and maximum (hepatocyte-specific Keap1-knockout, K1-HKO) Nrf2 activity in liver for 24 h. Body weight, blood glucose, and blood lipid profiles were similar among mice with graded Nrf2 activity under either fed or fasted conditions...
2013: PloS One
Shiwu Zhang, Imelda Mercado-Uribe, Jinsong Liu
Bone marrow is generally considered the main source of erythroid cells. Here we report that a single hypoxia-mimic chemical, CoCl2, can increase the size of fibroblasts and cancer cells and lead to formation of polyploidy giant cells (PGCs) or polyploidy giant cancer cells (PGCCs), activation of stem cell marker expression, increased growth of normal and cancer spheroid, and lead to differentiation of the fibroblasts and epithelial cells toward erythroid lineage expressing hemoglobins both in vitro and in vivo...
June 10, 2013: Cancer Letters
Ping Zhou, Jin Feng Yu, Cheng Guang Zhao, Feng Xuan Sui, Xu Teng, Yu Bin Wu
As a major active component in green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (EGCG) has many anti-oxidative activities. This study investigated whether intraperitoneal administration of EGCG was capable of suppressing oxidative stress in rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and probed the potential mechanisms involved. In total, 150 adult male rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=30 each): the control group (group N); the unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) group (group C), where the unilateral ureter was ligated resulting in an obstructive nephropathy model; and the EGCG group (group T), following unilateral ureteral ligation, rats were intraperitoneally injected with EGCG at a dosage of 2...
April 2013: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kyung-Ah Cho, So-Youn Woo, Ju-Young Seoh, Ho-Seong Han, Kyung-Ha Ryu
We have investigated BM (bone marrow)-derived MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) for the treatment of liver injury. It was hypothesized that MSC-mediated resolution of liver injury could occur through an antioxidative process. After being injected with CCl4 (carbon tetrachloride), mice were injected with syngenic BM-derived MSCs or normal saline. Oxidative stress activity of the MSCs was determined by the analysis of ROS (reactive oxygen species) and SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity. In addition, cytoprotective genes of the liver tissue were assessed by real-time PCR and ARE (antioxidant-response element) reporter assay...
2012: Cell Biology International
Jialin Xu, Supriya R Kulkarni, Ajay C Donepudi, Vijay R More, Angela L Slitt
The study herein determined the role of nuclear factor erythoid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the pathogenesis of hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. Lep(ob/ob)-Keap1-knockdown (KD) mice, which have increased Nrf2 activity, were generated. Markers of obesity and type 2 diabetes were measured in C57Bl/6J, Keap1-KD, Lep(ob/ob), and Lep(ob/ob)-Keap1-KD mice. Lep(ob/ob)-Keap1-KD mice exhibited less lipid accumulation, smaller adipocytes, decreased food intake, and reduced lipogenic gene expression...
December 2012: Diabetes
Jean-Jacques Kiladjian, Francisco Cervantes, Franck W G Leebeek, Christophe Marzac, Bruno Cassinat, Sylvie Chevret, Dominique Cazals-Hatem, Aurélie Plessier, Juan-Carlos Garcia-Pagan, Sarwa Darwish Murad, Sebastian Raffa, Harry L A Janssen, Claude Gardin, Sophie Cereja, Carole Tonetti, Stéphane Giraudier, Bertrand Condat, Nicole Casadevall, Pierre Fenaux, Dominique C Valla
Myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs) represent the commonest cause of splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT), including Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) and portal vein thrombosis (PVT), but their diagnosis is hampered by changes secondary to portal hypertension, while their influence in the outcome of SVT remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic value of JAK2 and MPL515 mutations in 241 SVT patients (104 BCS, 137 PVT). JAK2V617F was found in 45% of BCS and 34% of PVT, while JAK2 exon 12 and MPL515 mutations were not detected...
May 15, 2008: Blood
Hanna Shalev, Joseph Kapelushnik, Asher Moser, Hilla Knobler, Hannah Tamary
Hypocholesterolemia of unknown etiology has been previously described in various chronic anemias. Few small studies also suggested that those patients have a lower incidence of atherosclerotic events. The aim of our study was to determine the extent of hypocholesterolemia in various types of anemias. We studied 59 patients with chronic anemias associated with high-erythropoietic activity (thalassemia intermedia, congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I, congenital spherocytosis), 8 patients with low-erythropoietic activity anemias (acquired aplastic anemia, Fanconi anemia, and Diamond Blackfan anemia), and 20 healthy controls...
March 2007: American Journal of Hematology
E Paczkowska, B Larysz, R Rzeuski, A Karbicka, R Jałowiński, Z Kornacewicz-Jach, M Z Ratajczak, B Machaliński
The hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells harvested directly from the bone marrow (BM) or G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood were demonstrated to play an important role in regeneration of damaged organs (1, 2). Here, we asked if the stroke- or acute heart infarct-related stress triggers mobilization of stem/progenitor-enriched CD34(+)cells from the BM into the peripheral blood, which subsequently could contribute to regeneration of damaged tissues. To address this question the peripheral blood samples were harvested from patients with ischemic stroke during the first 24 h of manifestation of symptoms and on the second and sixth day afterwards or during the first 24 h of acute cardiac pain as well as on the second and sixth day of infarct...
December 2005: European Journal of Haematology
Jörg Kirberg, Claudia Gschwendner, Jean-Pierre Dangy, Florian Rückerl, Friederike Frommer, Jürgen Bachl
The transcription factor BKLF (basic Krüppel-like factor, KLF3) is a member of the Krüppel-like factors (KLF) family. KLF members harbor a characteristic C-terminal zinc-finger DNA-binding domain and bind preferentially to CACCC-motifs. BKLF is highly expressed in haematopoietic and erythoid cells and works either as repressor or activator of transcription in various genes. BKLF-deficient mice display myeloproliferative disorders and abnormalities in haematopoiesis. Other members of the KLF-family such as GKLF and BCL11A have been implicated in tumorigenesis, however, for BKLF such association has not yet been demonstrated...
June 2005: Molecular Immunology
U Testa
Erythropoiesis is a complex multistep process encompassing the differentiation of hemopoietic stem cells to mature erythrocytes. The steps involved in this complex differentiation process are numerous and involve first the differentiation to early erythoid progenitors (burst-forming units-erythroid, BFU-E), then to late erythroid progenitors (colony-forming units-erythroid) and finally to morphologically recognizable erythroid precursors. A key event of late stages of erythropoiesis is nuclear condensation, followed by extrusion of the nucleus to produce enucleated reticulocytes and finally mature erythrocytes...
July 2004: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Mohinder K Sarna, Evan Ingley, Samantha J Busfield, Vanessa S Cull, Winald Lepere, David J McCarthy, Michael J Wright, Gene A Palmer, David Chappell, Melissa S Sayer, Warren S Alexander, Douglas J Hilton, Robyn Starr, Stephanie S Watowich, Thomas Bittorf, S Peter Klinken, Peta A Tilbrook
The SOCS family of genes are negative regulators of cytokine signalling with SOCS-1 displaying tumor suppressor activity. SOCS-1, CIS and SOCS-3 have been implicated in the regulation of red blood cell production. In this study, a detailed examination was conducted on the expression patterns of these three SOCS family members in normal erythroid progenitors and a panel of erythroleukemic cell lines. Unexpectedly, differences in SOCS gene expression were observed during maturation of normal red cell progenitors, viz changes to CIS were inversely related to the alterations of SOCS-1 and SOCS-3...
May 22, 2003: Oncogene
H Xu, L Foltz, Y Sha, M R Madlansacay, C Cain, G Lindemann, J Vargas, D Nagy, B Harriman, W Mahoney, P A Schueler
We describe here the cloning and characterization of the human gene ERMAP, identified by subtractive hybridization using early and late gestation human fetal liver. By in situ hybridization, we found human ERMAP to be expressed not only in erythoid cells in fetal liver and adult bone marrow, but also in reticulocytes and circulating erythroblasts in 8-12-week fetal cord blood. The human ERMAP protein is predicted to contain a transmembrane segment and one extracellular immunoglobulin fold (IgV). The cytoplasmic region contains a highly conserved B30...
August 2001: Genomics
R M Bohmer, D Zhen, D W Bianchi
Fetal cells in maternal peripheral blood are a source of fetal DNA for prenatal genetic diagnosis, but their numbers are so small and variable that a reliable isolation procedure has yet to be demonstrated. The problem of scarcity may be overcome by amplification of fetal progenitor cells in cultures from maternal blood samples. One challenge is to identify post-culture fetal cells and colonies. We have found that the progeny of fetal and adult erythroid progenitors developed differential haemoglobin profiles in co-culture...
November 1998: British Journal of Haematology
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