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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809638/-four-corner-arthrodesis-of-the-wrist-with-dorsal-circular-plate-a-retrospective-monocentric-study
#1
T Zatrapa, D Veigl, J Pech, I Landor, M Šimková
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Our study aimed to evaluate a group of patients who in the period from 2005 to 2014 underwent a four-corner arthrodesis of the wrist in our department. We also wanted to verify the hypothesis as to whether the use of conventional dorsal plate without the application of bone grafts leads to comparable results as the use of dorsal locking plates and routine application of bone grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS Throughout the years 2005 to 2014 the four-corner arthrodesis of the wrist was performed in our department in a total of 62 patients, in two cases bilaterally...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806832/-dorsal-ligamentoplasty-for-posttraumatic-scapholunate-dissociation
#2
Ralf Bajinski, Joachim Gülke, Martin Mentzel, Florian Sigloch, Moritz Dustmann, Nikolaus Johannes Wachter
Scapholunate dissociation in stages 2 and 3 may lead to posttraumatic damage if left untreated. Different types of treatment have been described, including capsulodesis, tenodesis, and others. The purpose of all procedures is to avoid palmar shift of the distal scaphoid resulting in secondary arthritis (SLAC wrist). This study aimed to evaluate a modified dorsal ligamentoplasty in second- and third-degree scapholunate dissociation in a prospective study design. Furthermore, the study aimed to find out if there is a correlation between radiological and clinical parameters at follow-up and whether or not a SLAC wrist can be avoided...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791454/-midcarpal-partial-arthrodesis-with-locking-plate-osteosynthesis
#3
REVIEW
J-F Hernekamp, U Kneser, T Kremer, B Bickert
OBJECTIVE: Preservation of residual mobility and pain reduction in the wrist in advanced carpal collapse (scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, SNAC). INDICATIONS: Advanced osteoarthritis of the radiocarpal and intercarpal articulations, SLAC/SNAC stages 2-3. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Arthrotic alterations to the proximal joint surface of the lunate bone or the corresponding joint surface of the radius (lunate fossa)...
August 8, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756188/long-term-outcomes-of-proximal-row-carpectomy-a-series-of-62-cases
#4
B Chedal-Bornu, D Corcella, A Forli, F Moutet, M Bouyer
The aim of this study was to determine and analyze the functional and radiographic outcomes after proximal row carpectomy (PRC). We hypothesized that this surgery could restore wrist mobility and function in case of radiocarpal osteoarthritis or severe carpal trauma. Sixty-two patients who had undergone PRC were included in this study: 44 patients with wrist osteoarthritis (11 SNAC, 24 SLAC, 3 Kienböck's disease, 6 other) and 18 patients with severe carpal trauma. Each patient underwent clinical (pain, range of motion, grip strength, functional scores) and radiographic evaluations...
July 26, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753348/observation-of-quasichanneling-oscillations
#5
T N Wistisen, R E Mikkelsen, U I Uggerhøj, U Wienands, T W Markiewicz, S Gessner, M J Hogan, R J Noble, R Holtzapple, S Tucker, V Guidi, A Mazzolari, E Bagli, L Bandiera, A Sytov
We report on the first experimental observations of quasichanneling oscillations, recently seen in simulations and described theoretically. Although above-barrier particles penetrating a single crystal are generally seen as behaving almost as in an amorphous substance, distinct oscillation peaks nevertheless appear for particles in that category. The quasichanneling oscillations were observed at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory by aiming 20.35 GeV positrons and electrons at a thin silicon crystal bent to a radius of R=0...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722226/biology-of-slac1-type-anion-channels-from-nutrient-uptake-to-stomatal-closure
#6
REVIEW
Rainer Hedrich, Dietmar Geiger
Contents 1 I. 1 II. 2 III. 5 IV. 8 V. 11 VI. 12 13 13 References 13 SUMMARY: Stomatal guard cells control leaf CO2 intake and concomitant water loss to the atmosphere. When photosynthetic CO2 assimilation is limited and the ratio of CO2 intake to transpiration becomes suboptimal, guard cells, sensing the rise in CO2 concentration in the substomatal cavity, deflate and the stomata close. Screens for mutants that do not close in response to experimentally imposed high CO2 atmospheres identified the guard cell-expressed Slowly activating anion channel, SLAC1, as the key player in the regulation of stomatal closure...
July 19, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659944/ossapk2-confers-abscisic-acid-sensitivity-and-tolerance-to-drought-stress-in-rice
#7
Dengji Lou, Houping Wang, Gang Liang, Diqiu Yu
SNF 1-RELATED PROTEIN KINASE 2 (SnRK2) is a family of plant-specific protein kinases which is the key regulator of hyper-osmotic stress signaling and abscisic acid (ABA)-dependent development in various plants. Among the rice subclass-I and -II SnRK2s, osmotic stress/ABA-activated protein kinase 2 (SAPK2) may be the primary mediator of ABA signaling. However, SAPK2 has not been comprehensively characterized. In this study, we elucidated the functional properties of SAPK2 using loss-of-function mutants produced with the CRISPR/Cas9 system...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552760/denervation-of-the-wrist%C3%A2-with-two-surgical-incisions-is-it-effective-a-review-of-33-patients-with-an-average-of-41months-follow-up
#8
S Delclaux, F Elia, C Bouvet, C Aprédoaei, M Rongières, P Mansat
The goal of wrist denervation is to decrease pain at the wrist, whether caused by an intra- or extra-articular problem or even when the reason for the pain is unknown. It is an alternative to partial or total arthrodesis and proximal row carpectomy. Our hypothesis was that wrist denervation with a two-incision technique was a reliable and efficient way to treat painful degenerative wrists. Thirty-three patients, 48years old on average, were included in this study. Indications were scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) in 18 cases, scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) in 10, distal radius fracture sequelae with advanced radiocarpal osteoarthritis in 4, and post-traumatic ulnocarpal impingement in 1 case...
May 25, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473295/amino-acids-located-in-the-outer-sphere-of-the-trinuclear-copper-center-in-a-multicopper-oxidase-cueo-as-the-putative-electron-donor-in-the-four-electron-reduction-of-dioxygen
#9
Takeshi Sakurai, Moe Yamamoto, Shinsuke Ikeno, Kunishige Kataoka
The reaction mechanism of multicopper oxidase (MCO) to reduce dioxygen to water has not been fully understood yet in spite of extensive studies including on the intermediate I (peroxide intermediate) and intermediate II (native intermediate with an O-centered structure at the trinuclear copper center (TNC)). We performed the Phe mutations at the four amino acids, Tyr69, Cys138, Trp139, and Tyr496 located in the outer-sphere of TNC in CueO at the aim of studying whether they play a role as the fourth electron donor to dioxygen or not...
August 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465193/clinical-outcomes-of-proximal-row-carpectomy-by-preoperative-midcarpal-joint-morphological-classification-viegas-type-i-versus-type-ii
#10
A Toffoli, H Lenoir, C Lazerges, B Coulet, M Chammas
The midcarpal joint can be classified into two anatomical types - Viegas type I and Viegas type II - based on the absence or presence of a medial facet for the hamate on the lunate (lunohamate facet). Type I is associated with a round capitate shape, which theoretically allows better congruence with the lunate fossa of the distal radius following proximal row carpectomy (PRC). This morphological feature has never been considered as a predictive factor of clinical outcome for this surgical procedure. This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the two Viegas types following PRC...
June 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428913/comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiographs-for-evaluation-of-carpal-osteoarthritis
#11
Angela E Li, Steve K Lee, Schneider K Rancy, Alissa J Burge, Hollis G Potter, Scott W Wolfe
Background We sought to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for grading of osteoarthritis in patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC), and to determine whether MRI is more likely than radiographs to detect carpal osteoarthritis. Methods Radiographs and MR studies of 46 patients with SLAC and SNAC arthritis were reviewed by two hand surgeons and two radiologists and were graded according to severity of osteoarthritis at seven carpal joints...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398334/diffraction-data-of-core-shell-nanoparticles-from-an-x-ray-free-electron-laser
#12
Xuanxuan Li, Chun-Ya Chiu, Hsiang-Ju Wang, Stephan Kassemeyer, Sabine Botha, Robert L Shoeman, Robert M Lawrence, Christopher Kupitz, Richard Kirian, Daniel James, Dingjie Wang, Garrett Nelson, Marc Messerschmidt, Sébastien Boutet, Garth J Williams, Elisabeth Hartmann, Aliakbar Jafarpour, Lutz M Foucar, Anton Barty, Henry Chapman, Mengning Liang, Andreas Menzel, Fenglin Wang, Shibom Basu, Raimund Fromme, R Bruce Doak, Petra Fromme, Uwe Weierstall, Michael H Huang, John C H Spence, Ilme Schlichting, Brenda G Hogue, Haiguang Liu
X-ray free-electron lasers provide novel opportunities to conduct single particle analysis on nanoscale particles. Coherent diffractive imaging experiments were performed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), SLAC National Laboratory, exposing single inorganic core-shell nanoparticles to femtosecond hard-X-ray pulses. Each facetted nanoparticle consisted of a crystalline gold core and a differently shaped palladium shell. Scattered intensities were observed up to about 7 nm resolution. Analysis of the scattering patterns revealed the size distribution of the samples, which is consistent with that obtained from direct real-space imaging by electron microscopy...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344525/mri-correlation-of-radial-head-fractures-and-forearm-injuries
#13
Hisham Awan, Robert Goitz
Background: Radial head fractures can be associated with soft tissue injuries of the forearm and wrist. The Essex-Lopresti injury can lead to significant morbidity, especially if the diagnosis is not made acutely. Better identification of such injuries is needed to allow optimal surgical treatment and prevent long-term sequelae. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to correlate the degree of soft tissue injuries with radial head fractures. Methods: Sixteen pairs of forearms with an associated radial head fracture in 15 patients prospectively underwent an MRI within 2 weeks of their injury...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169340/enhanced-delignification-of-steam-pretreated-poplar-by-a-bacterial-laccase
#14
Rahul Singh, Jinguang Hu, Matthew R Regner, James W Round, John Ralph, John N Saddler, Lindsay D Eltis
The recalcitrance of woody biomass, particularly its lignin component, hinders its sustainable transformation to fuels and biomaterials. Although the recent discovery of several bacterial ligninases promises the development of novel biocatalysts, these enzymes have largely been characterized using model substrates: direct evidence for their action on biomass is lacking. Herein, we report the delignification of woody biomass by a small laccase (sLac) from Amycolatopsis sp. 75iv3. Incubation of steam-pretreated poplar (SPP) with sLac enhanced the release of acid-precipitable polymeric lignin (APPL) by ~6-fold, and reduced the amount of acid-soluble lignin by ~15%...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149689/polymorphism-in-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-mhc-class-ii-b-genes-of-the-rufous-backed-bunting-emberiza-jankowskii
#15
Dan Li, Keping Sun, Yunjiao Zhao, Aiqing Lin, Shi Li, Yunlei Jiang, Jiang Feng
Genetic diversity is one of the pillars of conservation biology research. High genetic diversity and abundant genetic variation in an organism may be suggestive of capacity to adapt to various environmental changes. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is known to be highly polymorphic and plays an important role in immune function. It is also considered an ideal model system to investigate genetic diversity in wildlife populations. The Rufous-backed Bunting (Emberiza jankowskii) is an endangered species that has experienced a sharp decline in both population and habitat size...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119791/combined-tenodesis-capsulodesis-for-scapholunate-instability-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#16
Pablo De Carli, Agustin G Donndorff, Miguel Tovar Torres, Jorge G Boretto, Gerardo L Gallucci
Background The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological midterm results of a combined dorsal tenodesis-capsulodesis for static and reducible scapholunate dissociation (SLD). Patients and Methods We evaluated 20 of 22 consecutive patients with static SLD minimum with follow-up of 2 years operated between 2003 and 2012. The mean age was 40 years (range: 23-65 years). Seventeen were men. Final evaluation included comparative wrist range of motion (ROM) and grip strength, pre- and postoperative pain and function by visual analog scale, and QuickDASH and Wrightington scores...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048649/tu-h-bra-07-design-construction-and-installation-of-an-experimental-beam-line-for-the-development-of-mri-linac-compatible-electron-accelerator
#17
B Whelan, P Keall, L Holloway, S Gierman, J Schmerge, S Tantawi, A Tremaine, A Trautwein, B Scott, R Fahrig
PURPOSE: MRI guided radiation therapy (MRIgRT) is a rapidly growing field; however, Linac operation in MRI fringe fields represents an ongoing challenge. We have previously shown in-silico that Linacs could be redesigned to function in the in-line orientation with no magnetic shielding by adopting an RF-gun configuration. Other authors have also published insilico studies of Linac operation in magnetic fields; however to date no experimental validation data is published. This work details the design, construction, and installation of an experimental beam line to validate our in-silico results...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047255/tu-h-brc-09-validation-of-a-novel-therapeutic-x-ray-array-source-and-collimation-system
#18
S Trovati, P Borchard, G J King, C G Limborg, B W Loo, P Maxim, D McCormick, L Y Nicolas, E Schueler, S Tantawi, J Wang, L Wang
PURPOSE: We have experimentally characterized and simulated the dosimetric properties and spatial fidelity of a novel X-ray array source and collimation system called SPHINX that has the potential to generate complex intensity modulated X-ray beams by varying the electron beam intensity only, and without any moving parts like in multi-leaf collimators. METHODS: We investigated the spatial fidelity and the X-ray performances of a SPHINX prototype in tungsten, using a Cyber Knife and the experimental high-energy electron beam line at XTA at SLAC National Laboratory...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942437/metabolic-engineering-of-serratia-marcescens-mg1-for-enhanced-production-of-3r-acetoin
#19
Xin Lv, Lu Dai, Fangmin Bai, Zhanqing Wang, Liaoyuan Zhang, Yaling Shen
BACKGROUND: Optically pure acetoin (AC) is an important platform chemical which has been widely used to synthesize novel optically active α-hydroxyketone derivatives and liquid crystal composites. RESULTS: In this study, slaC and gldA encoding meso-2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase (meso-2,3-BDH) and glycerol dehydrogenase (GDH), respectively, in S. marcescens MG1 were knocked out to block the conversion from AC to 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD). The resulting strain MG14 was found to produce a large amount of optically pure (3R)-AC with a little 2,3-BD, indicating that another enzyme responsible for 2,3-BD formation except meso-2,3-BDH and GDH existed in the strain MG1...
2016: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913582/bremsstrahlung-dose-yield-for-high-intensity-short-pulse-laser-solid-experiments
#20
Taiee Liang, Johannes M Bauer, James C Liu, Sayed H Rokni
A bremsstrahlung source term has been developed by the Radiation Protection (RP) group at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory for high-intensity short-pulse laser-solid experiments between 10(17) and 10(22) W cm(-2) This source term couples the particle-in-cell plasma code EPOCH and the radiation transport code FLUKA to estimate the bremsstrahlung dose yield from laser-solid interactions. EPOCH characterizes the energy distribution, angular distribution, and laser-to-electron conversion efficiency of the hot electrons from laser-solid interactions, and FLUKA utilizes this hot electron source term to calculate a bremsstrahlung dose yield (mSv per J of laser energy on target)...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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