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insuficiencia respiratoria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585855/our-great-forgotten-chronic-respiratory-sufferers
#1
María Luisa Bordejé Laguna
Lung’s own properties make that nutritional support, besides covering the requirements can modulate its infl ammatory response. Lung tissue has a low glucose stock. Fatty acids are the main energy producer of type II pneumocytes, which use them in order to form phospholipids, essential for surfactant whose creation and release decrease in acute lung injury (ALI). Glutamine is a good substratum for endocrine cells and type II pneumocytes. Due to high nutritional risk, it is important its assessments in disorders as COPD and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ADRS)...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380189/extracorporeal-respiratory-support-in-adult-patients
#2
Thiago Gomes Romano, Pedro Vitale Mendes, Marcelo Park, Eduardo Leite Vieira Costa
In patients with severe respiratory failure, either hypoxemic or hypercapnic, life support with mechanical ventilation alone can be insufficient to meet their needs, especially if one tries to avoid ventilator settings that can cause injury to the lungs. In those patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which is also very effective in removing carbon dioxide from the blood, can provide life support, allowing the application of protective lung ventilation. In this review article, we aim to explore some of the most relevant aspects of using ECMO for respiratory support...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117473/perme-intensive-care-unit-mobility-score-and-icu-mobility-scale-translation-into-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#3
Yurika Maria Fogaça Kawaguchi, Ricardo Kenji Nawa, Thais Borgheti Figueiredo, Lourdes Martins, Ruy Camargo Pires-Neto
Objective: To translate the Perme Intensive Care Unit Mobility Score and the ICU Mobility Scale (IMS) into Portuguese, creating versions that are cross-culturally adapted for use in Brazil, and to determine the interobserver agreement and reliability for both versions. Methods: The processes of translation and cross-cultural validation consisted in the following: preparation, translation, reconciliation, synthesis, back-translation, review, approval, and pre-test...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032880/hepatitis-isqu%C3%A3-mica-secundaria-a-taponamiento-cardiaco-una-causa-poco-frecuente
#4
S Goñi Esarte, J M Zozaya Urmeneta, M Goñi Esarte, J I Uriz Otano, I Idoate Santesteban, M T Beunza Puyol
La hepatitis isquémica es una entidad poco frecuente. Se asocia a una hipoperfusión hepática debida en primer lugar a un bajo gasto cardíaco (insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva, infarto agudo de miocardio o miocardiopatía dilatada). De forma menos frecuente puede ser secundaria a una insuficiencia respiratoria o al aumento de las necesidades de oxígeno en el contexto de una sepsis.Paciente varón de 49 años que acude al servicio de Urgencias por disnea progresiva e hipotensión, objetivándose una importante elevación de transaminasas (aspartato aminotransferasa de 5...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571646/-not-available
#5
Daniela Angulo, Edson Bustos, Andrés Sánchez, Salesa Barja
Introducción: la rehabilitación de la alimentación por vía oral (RVO) es compleja en pacientes que han recibido nutrición enteral (NE) prolongada. Objetivo: describir este proceso en niños con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas y sonda nasoenteral (SNE) o gastrostomía (GT).Pacientes y métodos: estudio retrospectivo con revisión de registros clínicos de niños con NE mayor a dos meses, ingresados entre 2005 y 2014 al Hospital Josefina Martínez.Resultados: Se incluyeron 116 pacientes, con mediana de edad 10 meses (Rango: 3 a 101), 56% hombres...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199991/-monitorization-of-respiratory-mechanics-in-the-ventilated-patient
#6
REVIEW
E García-Prieto, L Amado-Rodríguez, G M Albaiceta
Monitoring during mechanical ventilation allows the measurement of different parameters of respiratory mechanics. Accurate interpretation of these data can be useful for characterizing the situation of the different components of the respiratory system, and for guiding ventilator settings. In this review, we describe the basic concepts of respiratory mechanics, their interpretation, and their potential use in fine-tuning mechanical ventilation.
January 2014: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23347906/-percutaneous-tracheostomy-in-the-ventilated-patient
#7
REVIEW
J M Añón, J B Araujo, M P Escuela, E González-Higueras
The medical indications of tracheostomy comprise the alleviation of upper airway obstruction; the prevention of laryngeal and upper airway damage due to prolonged translaryngeal intubation in patients subjected to prolonged mechanical ventilation; and the facilitation of airway access for the removal of secretions. Since 1985, percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) has gained widespread acceptance as a method for creating a surgical airway in patients requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. Since then, several comparative trials of PT and surgical tracheostomy have been conducted, and new techniques for PT have been developed...
April 2014: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23260264/pressure-versus-volume-controlled-modes-in-invasive-mechanical-ventilation
#8
REVIEW
A J Garnero, H Abbona, F Gordo-Vidal, C Hermosa-Gelbard
The first generation of mechanical ventilators were controlled and cycled by pressure. Unfortunately, they did not allow control of the delivered tidal volume under changes in the dynamics of the respiratory system. This led to a second generation of ventilators that allowed volume control, hence favoring the ventilatory strategy based on normalization of the arterial gases. Studies conducted in the 1980s which related lung injury to the high ventilator pressures utilized while treating acute respiratory distress syndrome patients renewed interest in pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation...
May 2013: Medicina Intensiva
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