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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103396/a-feasibility-study-on-monitoring-residual-sugar-and-alcohol-strength-in-kiwi-wine-fermentation-using-a-fiber-optic-ft-nir-spectrometry-and-pls-regression
#1
Bingqian Wang, Bangzhu Peng
This work aims to investigate the potential of fiber-optic Fourier transform-near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometry associated with chemometric analysis, which will be applied to monitor time-related changes in residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation. NIR calibration models for residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation were established on the FT-NIR spectra of 98 samples scanned in a fiber-optic FT-NIR spectrometer, and partial least squares regression method. The results showed that R(2) and root mean square error of cross-validation could achieve 0...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093817/cryptic-inbreeding-depression-in-a-growing-population-of-a-long-lived-species
#2
Helen R Taylor, Rogan M Colbourne, Hugh A Robertson, Nicola J Nelson, Fred W Allendorf, Kristina M Ramstad
Genetic effects are often overlooked in endangered species monitoring, and populations showing positive growth are often assumed to be secure. However, the continued reproductive success of a few individuals may mask issues such as inbreeding depression, especially in long-lived species. Here, we test for inbreeding depression in little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii) by comparing a population founded with two birds to one founded with 40 birds, both from the same source population and both showing positive population growth...
January 17, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089793/eggshell-palaeogenomics-palaeognath-evolutionary-history-revealed-through-ancient-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-from-madagascan-elephant-bird-aepyornis-sp-eggshell
#3
Alicia Grealy, Matthew Phillips, Gifford Miller, M Thomas P Gilbert, Jean-Marie Rouillard, David Lambert, Michael Bunce, James Haile
Palaeognaths, the sister group of all other living birds (neognaths), were once considered to be vicariant relics from the breakup of the Gondwanan supercontinent. However, recent molecular studies instead argue for dispersal of volant ancestors across marine barriers. Resolving this debate hinges upon accurately reconstructing their evolutionary relationships and dating their divergences, which often relies on phylogenetic information from extinct relatives and nuclear genomes. Mitogenomes from the extinct elephant birds of Madagascar have helped inform the palaeognath phylogeny; however, nuclear information has remained unavailable...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058480/everyman-s-prostate-phantom-kiwi-fruit-substitute-for-human-prostates-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#4
Ullrich G Mueller-Lisse, Sophie Murer, Ulrike L Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Kuhn, Juergen Scheidler, Michael Scherr
OBJECTIVES: To apply an easy-to-assemble phantom substitute for human prostates in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS: Kiwi fruit were fixed with gel hot and cold compress packs on two plastic nursery pots, separated by a plastic plate, and submerged in tap water inside a 1-L open-spout plastic watering can for T2WI (TR/TE 7500/101 ms), DWI (5500/61 ms, ADC b50-800 s/mm(2) map) and MRS (940/145 ms) at 3...
January 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994200/genomewide-analysis-of-nbs-encoding-genes-in-kiwi-fruit-actinidia-chinensis
#5
Yingjun Li, Yan Zhong, Kaihui Huang, Zong-Ming Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899642/the-ucsc-genome-browser-database-2017-update
#6
Cath Tyner, Galt P Barber, Jonathan Casper, Hiram Clawson, Mark Diekhans, Christopher Eisenhart, Clayton M Fischer, David Gibson, Jairo Navarro Gonzalez, Luvina Guruvadoo, Maximilian Haeussler, Steve Heitner, Angie S Hinrichs, Donna Karolchik, Brian T Lee, Christopher M Lee, Parisa Nejad, Brian J Raney, Kate R Rosenbloom, Matthew L Speir, Chris Villarreal, John Vivian, Ann S Zweig, David Haussler, Robert M Kuhn, W James Kent
Since its 2001 debut, the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser (http://genome.ucsc.edu/) team has provided continuous support to the international genomics and biomedical communities through a web-based, open source platform designed for the fast, scalable display of sequence alignments and annotations landscaped against a vast collection of quality reference genome assemblies. The browser's publicly accessible databases are the backbone of a rich, integrated bioinformatics tool suite that includes a graphical interface for data queries and downloads, alignment programs, command-line utilities and more...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#7
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801957/a-new-marker-based-on-the-avian-spindlin-gene-that-is-able-to-sex-most-birds-including-species-problematic-to-sex-with-chd-markers
#8
Deborah A Dawson, Natalie Dos Remedios, Gavin J Horsburgh
We have developed a new marker (Z43B) that can be successfully used to identify the sex of most birds (69%), including species difficult or impossible to sex with other markers. We utilized the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata EST microsatellite sequence (CK309496) which displays sequence homology to the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the avian spindlin gene. This gene is known to be present on the Z and W chromosomes. To maximize cross-species utility, the primer set was designed from a consensus sequence created from homologs of CK309496 that were isolated from multiple distantly related species...
November 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752297/development-and-validation-of-a-standardized-tool-for-prioritization-of-information-sources
#9
Holy Akwar, Harold Kloeze, Shamir Mukhi
PURPOSE: To validate the utility and effectiveness of a standardized tool for prioritization of information sources for early detection of diseases. METHODS: The tool was developed with input from diverse public health experts garnered through survey. Ten raters used the tool to evaluate ten information sources and reliability among raters was computed. The Proc mixed procedure with random effect statement and SAS Macros were used to compute multiple raters' Fleiss Kappa agreement and Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732749/is-kiwifruit-allergy-a-matter-in-kiwifruit-cultivating-regions-a-population-based-study
#10
Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Selim Dereci, Sadan Hacisalihoglu, Fazil Orhan
BACKGROUND: Although kiwifruit is known as a common cause of food allergy, population-based studies concerning the prevalence of kiwifruit allergy do not exist. We aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of IgE-mediated kiwifruit allergy in 6-18-year-old urban schoolchildren in a region where kiwifruit is widely cultivated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 20,800 of the randomly selected 6-18-year-old urban schoolchildren from the Rize city in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey during 2013...
October 12, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689056/a-simple-reliable-and-inexpensive-intraoperative-external-expansion-system-for-enhanced-autologous-structural-fat-grafting
#11
Carlo M Oranges, Mathias Tremp, Barbara Ling, Reto Wettstein, René D Largo, Dirk J Schaefer
External volume expansion of the recipient site by suction has been proposed as a way of improving fat graft survival. The objective of this study was to present an innovative and simple intraoperative external expansion system to enhance small-volume autologous fat grafting (40-80 mL) and to discuss its background and its mechanism of action. In this system, expansion is performed using a complete vacuum delivery system known as the Kiwi VAC-6000M with a PalmPump (Clinical Innovations). The recipient site is rapidly expanded intraoperatively 10 times for 30 seconds each with a negative pressure of up to 550 mm Hg before autologous fat injection...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671819/fisetin-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#12
Harish C Pal, Ross L Pearlman, Farrukh Afaq
Chronic inflammation is a prolonged and dysregulated immune response leading to a wide variety of physiological and pathological conditions such as neurological abnormalities, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, pulmonary diseases, immunological diseases, cancers, and other life-threatening conditions. Therefore, inhibition of persistent inflammation will reduce the risk of inflammation-associated chronic diseases. Inflammation-related chronic diseases require chronic treatment without side effects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616781/automated-mini-column-solid-phase-extraction-cleanup-for-high-throughput-analysis-of-chemical-contaminants-in-foods-by-low-pressure-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#13
Steven J Lehotay, Lijun Han, Yelena Sapozhnikova
This study demonstrated the application of an automated high-throughput mini-cartridge solid-phase extraction (mini-SPE) cleanup for the rapid low-pressure gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LPGC-MS/MS) analysis of pesticides and environmental contaminants in QuEChERS extracts of foods. Cleanup efficiencies and breakthrough volumes using different mini-SPE sorbents were compared using avocado, salmon, pork loin, and kale as representative matrices. Optimum extract load volume was 300 µL for the 45 mg mini-cartridges containing 20/12/12/1 (w/w/w/w) anh...
2016: Chromatographia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573837/explosive-ice-age-diversification-of-kiwi
#14
Jason T Weir, Oliver Haddrath, Hugh A Robertson, Rogan M Colbourne, Allan J Baker
Molecular dating largely overturned the paradigm that global cooling during recent Pleistocene glacial cycles resulted in a burst of species diversification although some evidence exists that speciation was commonly promoted in habitats near the expanding and retracting ice sheets. Here, we used a genome-wide dataset of more than half a million base pairs of DNA to test for a glacially induced burst of diversification in kiwi, an avian family distributed within several hundred kilometers of the expanding and retracting glaciers of the Southern Alps of New Zealand...
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571859/-not-available
#15
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio Vizuete, Rosa María Ortega Anta
Los kiwis, tanto la variedad verde (Actinidia deliciosa) como la de color amarillo (Sungold®) (A. chinensis), destacan entre las frutas de consumo habitual por su composición nutricional. Son excepcionalmente ricos en vitamina C, ya que los kiwis verdes duplican la cantidad que tienen fresas o naranjas, y el kiwi de color amarillo incluso la triplica. Además, los kiwis tienen un elevado contenido en vitaminas E, K, folatos, carotenoides, potasio, fibra y otros fitoquímicos, que proporcionan no solo beneficios nutricionales, sino también sanitarios...
July 12, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467811/novel-approach-of-using-nutraceutic-directed-caloric-antioxidant-density-and-ion-ratio-for-evaluating-fruit-s-health-quality
#16
Chiu-Lan Hsieh, Shang-Ming Huang, Li-I Chen, Chien-Mei Yu, Cheng-Hsin Wong, Robert Y Peng
Seven kinds of indigenous fruits and five imported fruits were compared for their "health quality." Methods including the calorific, antioxidant, and ion ratios were carried out. Results indicated the order of content (in mg/100g) was: Ca(2+) , Murcott orange (218.2) > Kiwifruit (200.0) > pineapple (138.5) > Golden kiwi (117.6); Mg(2+) , Pitaya (192.2), banana (88.0), Kiwifruit (63.4), and Golden kiwi (58.4); Zn(2+) , Pitaya (19.53) > pear (10.8) > Kiwifruit (6.09) > Irwin mango (4.58). Cu(2+) , Kiwifruit (0...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443505/feox-tio2-film-with-different-microstructures-leading-to-femtosecond-transients-with-different-properties-biological-implications-under-visible-light
#17
Sami Rtimi, Cesar Pulgarin, Victor A Nadtochenko, Fedor E Gostev, Ivan V Shelaev, John Kiwi
This study presents the first report addressing the effect of FeOx-TiO2 films microstructure on the transients detected by fast spectroscopy related to the long-range bacterial inactivation performance. The different fast kinetic femtosecond transient spectroscopy is reported for each FeOx+TiO2 microstructure. The lifetime of the short transient-species and the oxidative intermediate radicals generated under light were identified. Co-sputtered FeOx-TiO2 on polyethylene films presenting random distribution for both oxides were compared with sequentially sputtered FeOx/TiO2 films made up only by FeOx in the topmost layers...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434155/sputtered-gum-metal-thin-films-showing-bacterial-inactivation-and-biocompatibility
#18
S Achache, A Alhussein, S Lamri, M François, F Sanchette, C Pulgarin, J Kiwi, S Rtimi
Super-elastic Titanium based thin films Ti-23Nb-0.7Ta-2Zr-(O) (TNTZ-O) and Ti-24Nb-(N) (TN-N) (at.%) were deposited by direct current magnetron sputtering (DCMS) in different reactive atmospheres. The effects of oxygen doping (TNTZ-O) and/or nitrogen doping (TN-N) on the microstructure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility of the as-deposited coatings were investigated. Nano-indentation measurements show that, in both cases, 1sccm of reactive gas in the mixture is necessary to reach acceptable values of hardness and Young's modulus...
October 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407198/energetic-and-exergetic-performance-analysis-and-modeling-of-drying-kinetics-of-kiwi-slices
#19
Hosain Darvishi, Mohammad Zarein, Zanyar Farhudi
This work focused on the effects of the moisture content, slices thickness and microwave power on aspects of energy and exergy, drying kinetics, moisture diffusivity, activation energy, and modeling of the thin layer drying of kiwi slices. Results showed that energy and exergy efficiency increased with increasing microwave power and decreasing slice thickness while values of energy efficiency (15.15-32.27 %) were higher than exergy efficiency (11.35-24.68 %). Also, these parameters decreased with a decrease in moisture content...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377217/the-flavonoid-fisetin-as-an-anticancer-agent-targeting-the-growth-signaling-pathways
#20
REVIEW
Thamaraiselvan Rengarajan, Nik Soriani Yaacob
Epidemiological studies show that consumption of diets rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with lower risks of cancer. This evidence has kindled interest into research on bioactive food components and has till date resulted in the identification of many compounds with cancer preventive and therapeutic potential. Among such compounds is fisetin (3,7,3,4-tetrahydroxyflavone), a flavonol that is commonly found in many fruits and vegetables such as apples, persimmons, grapes, kiwis, strawberries, onions and cucumbers...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
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