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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317715/evaluation-of-penicillium-expansum-for-growth-patulin-accumulation-nonvolatile-compounds-and-volatile-profile-in-kiwi-juices-of-different-cultivars
#1
Yuan Wang, Tingting Shan, Yahong Yuan, Zhiwei Zhang, Chunfeng Guo, Tianli Yue
Patulin (PAT) contamination and changes of nonvolatile and volatile compounds caused by Penicillium expansum in fresh juices of 8 kiwi cultivars were investigated. Growth and PAT production of P. expansum were greater at 25°C than at 4°C. P. expansum grew in kiwi juices under pH ranging from 2.75 to 3.27 and produced 45.10-268.88μg/mL of PAT at 25°C. Decreases occurred in malic acid and soluble protein; while consumption and production simultaneously happened for reducing sugar, total soluble solid, titratable acid, citric acid, ascorbic acid and total phenolics...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296166/bony-pits-in-the-ostrich-struthio-camelus-and-emu-dromaius-novaehollandiae-bill-tip
#2
Martina R Crole, John T Soley
A specialized region of the bill tip characterized by a complex arrangement of mechanoreceptors and referred to as a bill tip organ, has been identified in numerous avians. A bill tip organ was initially inferred in kiwi species by the presence of numerous, bony pits in the rostrum of the bill, and later confirmed histologically. This study enumerates and compares the number and distribution of pits present in the bill tip in the ostrich and emu. The heads from 10 ostrich and 5 emu were prepared for osteological examination...
March 14, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259411/genetic-and-functional-analysis-of-the-bovine-uterine-microbiota-part-ii-purulent-vaginal-discharge-versus-healthy-cows
#3
M L S Bicalho, S Lima, C H Higgins, V S Machado, F S Lima, R C Bicalho
The aim of this study was to characterize, using metagenomic shotgun DNA sequencing, the intrauterine microbial population and its predicted functional diversity within healthy cows and cows presenting purulent vaginal discharge (PVD). Twenty Holstein dairy cows from a single farm were enrolled in the study at 25 to 35 d postpartum. Purulent vaginal discharge was diagnosed by retrieving and scoring vaginal discharge using the Metricheck device (Simcro, Hamilton, New Zealand). Intrauterine samples for metagenomic analysis were collected by the cytobrush technique from 8 cows diagnosed with PVD and 12 healthy cows...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259404/genetic-and-functional-analysis-of-the-bovine-uterine-microbiota-part-i-metritis-versus-healthy-cows
#4
M L S Bicalho, V S Machado, C H Higgins, F S Lima, R C Bicalho
Metritis is a uterine disease that affects 10 to 30% of all lactating dairy cows and has detrimental effects on reproductive performance, milk production, and survival. Data regarding the identity and abundance of bacterial genes governing traits such as virulence, antibiotic resistance, and stress responses could enable identification of previously unknown agents that play a role in metritis pathogenesis. Moreover, such knowledge could lead to the development of improved treatments or preventive methods. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to characterize the uterine microbial population and to differentiate, for the first time, the microbial functional diversity in cows with metritis versus healthy cows...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143599/decreased-neonatal-pain-response-after-vaginal-operative-delivery-with-kiwi-omnicup-versus-metal-ventouse
#5
E A Huhn, E Visca, D R Vogt, S von Felten, E M Tinner Oehler, C Bührer, D Surbek, R Zimmermann, I Hoesli
BACKGROUND: Vaginal delivery, especially operative assisted vaginal delivery, seems to be a major stressor for the neonate. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stress response after metal cup versus Kiwi Omnicup® ventouse delivery. METHODS: The study was a secondary observational analysis of data from a former prospective randomised placebo controlled multicentre study on the analgesic effect of acetaminophen in neonates after operative vaginal delivery and took place at three Swiss tertiary hospitals...
January 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115904/evaluation-of-polyphenol-content-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-fruits-and-vegetables-using-a-modified-enzymatic-extraction
#6
Rudy Álvarez, Héctor Araya, Rosa Navarro-Lisboa, Carol Lopez de Dicastillo
Fruits and vegetables are considered a good source of polyphenols and antioxidant capacities which are beneficial in protecting the human body against damage induced by reactive species. The objective of this work is to conduct an assessment of the polyphenol content and antioxidant activities of different fruit (kiwi, pear, green apple, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry and blueberry) and vegetable (pumpkin, green and red pepper) extracts using both chemical extraction and a modified in vitro digestive enzymatic extraction in order to compare results...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107706/beneficial-effect-of-cu-on-ti-nb-ta-zr-sputtered-uniform-adhesive-gum-films-accelerating-bacterial-inactivation-under-indoor-visible-light
#7
Akram Alhussein, Sofiane Achache, Regis Deturche, Frederic Sanchette, Cesar Pulgarin, John Kiwi, Sami Rtimi
This article presents the evidence for the significant effect of copper accelerating the bacterial inactivation on Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr (TNTZ) sputtered films on glass up to a Cu content of 8.3 at.%. These films were deposited by dc magnetron co-sputtering of an alloy target Ti-23Nb-0.7Ta-2Zr (at.%) and a Cu target. The fastest bacterial inactivation of E. coli on this later TNTZ-Cu surface proceeded within ∼75min. The films deposited by magnetron sputtering are chemically homogenous. The film roughness evaluated by atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) on the TNTZ-Cu 8...
April 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103396/a-feasibility-study-on-monitoring-residual-sugar-and-alcohol-strength-in-kiwi-wine-fermentation-using-a-fiber-optic-ft-nir-spectrometry-and-pls-regression
#8
Bingqian Wang, Bangzhu Peng
This work aims to investigate the potential of fiber-optic Fourier transform-near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometry associated with chemometric analysis, which will be applied to monitor time-related changes in residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation. NIR calibration models for residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation were established on the FT-NIR spectra of 98 samples scanned in a fiber-optic FT-NIR spectrometer, and partial least squares regression method. The results showed that R(2) and root mean square error of cross-validation could achieve 0...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093817/cryptic-inbreeding-depression-in-a-growing-population-of-a-long-lived-species
#9
Helen R Taylor, Rogan M Colbourne, Hugh A Robertson, Nicola J Nelson, Fred W Allendorf, Kristina M Ramstad
Genetic effects are often overlooked in endangered species monitoring, and populations showing positive growth are often assumed to be secure. However, the continued reproductive success of a few individuals may mask issues such as inbreeding depression, especially in long-lived species. Here, we test for inbreeding depression in little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii) by comparing a population founded with two birds to one founded with 40 birds, both from the same source population and both showing positive population growth...
January 17, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089793/eggshell-palaeogenomics-palaeognath-evolutionary-history-revealed-through-ancient-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-from-madagascan-elephant-bird-aepyornis-sp-eggshell
#10
Alicia Grealy, Matthew Phillips, Gifford Miller, M Thomas P Gilbert, Jean-Marie Rouillard, David Lambert, Michael Bunce, James Haile
Palaeognaths, the sister group of all other living birds (neognaths), were once considered to be vicariant relics from the breakup of the Gondwanan supercontinent. However, recent molecular studies instead argue for dispersal of volant ancestors across marine barriers. Resolving this debate hinges upon accurately reconstructing their evolutionary relationships and dating their divergences, which often relies on phylogenetic information from extinct relatives and nuclear genomes. Mitogenomes from the extinct elephant birds of Madagascar have helped inform the palaeognath phylogeny; however, nuclear information has remained unavailable...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058480/everyman-s-prostate-phantom-kiwi-fruit-substitute-for-human-prostates-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#11
Ullrich G Mueller-Lisse, Sophie Murer, Ulrike L Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Kuhn, Juergen Scheidler, Michael Scherr
OBJECTIVES: To apply an easy-to-assemble phantom substitute for human prostates in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS: Kiwi fruit were fixed with gel hot and cold compress packs on two plastic nursery pots, separated by a plastic plate, and submerged in tap water inside a 1-L open-spout plastic watering can for T2WI (TR/TE 7500/101 ms), DWI (5500/61 ms, ADC b50-800 s/mm(2) map) and MRS (940/145 ms) at 3...
January 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994200/genomewide-analysis-of-nbs-encoding-genes-in-kiwi-fruit-actinidia-chinensis
#12
Yingjun Li, Yan Zhong, Kaihui Huang, Zong-Ming Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899642/the-ucsc-genome-browser-database-2017-update
#13
Cath Tyner, Galt P Barber, Jonathan Casper, Hiram Clawson, Mark Diekhans, Christopher Eisenhart, Clayton M Fischer, David Gibson, Jairo Navarro Gonzalez, Luvina Guruvadoo, Maximilian Haeussler, Steve Heitner, Angie S Hinrichs, Donna Karolchik, Brian T Lee, Christopher M Lee, Parisa Nejad, Brian J Raney, Kate R Rosenbloom, Matthew L Speir, Chris Villarreal, John Vivian, Ann S Zweig, David Haussler, Robert M Kuhn, W James Kent
Since its 2001 debut, the University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser (http://genome.ucsc.edu/) team has provided continuous support to the international genomics and biomedical communities through a web-based, open source platform designed for the fast, scalable display of sequence alignments and annotations landscaped against a vast collection of quality reference genome assemblies. The browser's publicly accessible databases are the backbone of a rich, integrated bioinformatics tool suite that includes a graphical interface for data queries and downloads, alignment programs, command-line utilities and more...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#14
REVIEW
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801957/a-new-marker-based-on-the-avian-spindlin-gene-that-is-able-to-sex-most-birds-including-species-problematic-to-sex-with-chd-markers
#15
Deborah A Dawson, Natalie Dos Remedios, Gavin J Horsburgh
We have developed a new marker (Z43B) that can be successfully used to identify the sex of most birds (69%), including species difficult or impossible to sex with other markers. We utilized the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata EST microsatellite sequence (CK309496) which displays sequence homology to the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the avian spindlin gene. This gene is known to be present on the Z and W chromosomes. To maximize cross-species utility, the primer set was designed from a consensus sequence created from homologs of CK309496 that were isolated from multiple distantly related species...
November 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752297/development-and-validation-of-a-standardized-tool-for-prioritization-of-information-sources
#16
Holy Akwar, Harold Kloeze, Shamir Mukhi
PURPOSE: To validate the utility and effectiveness of a standardized tool for prioritization of information sources for early detection of diseases. METHODS: The tool was developed with input from diverse public health experts garnered through survey. Ten raters used the tool to evaluate ten information sources and reliability among raters was computed. The Proc mixed procedure with random effect statement and SAS Macros were used to compute multiple raters' Fleiss Kappa agreement and Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732749/is-kiwifruit-allergy-a-matter-in-kiwifruit-cultivating-regions-a-population-based-study
#17
Mehtap Haktanir Abul, Selim Dereci, Sadan Hacisalihoglu, Fazil Orhan
BACKGROUND: Although kiwifruit is known as a common cause of food allergy, population-based studies concerning the prevalence of kiwifruit allergy do not exist. We aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of IgE-mediated kiwifruit allergy in 6-18-year-old urban schoolchildren in a region where kiwifruit is widely cultivated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 20,800 of the randomly selected 6-18-year-old urban schoolchildren from the Rize city in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey during 2013...
February 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689056/a-simple-reliable-and-inexpensive-intraoperative-external-expansion-system-for-enhanced-autologous-structural-fat-grafting
#18
Carlo M Oranges, Mathias Tremp, Barbara Ling, Reto Wettstein, René D Largo, Dirk J Schaefer
External volume expansion of the recipient site by suction has been proposed as a way of improving fat graft survival. The objective of this study was to present an innovative and simple intraoperative external expansion system to enhance small-volume autologous fat grafting (40-80 mL) and to discuss its background and its mechanism of action. In this system, expansion is performed using a complete vacuum delivery system known as the Kiwi VAC-6000M with a PalmPump (Clinical Innovations). The recipient site is rapidly expanded intraoperatively 10 times for 30 seconds each with a negative pressure of up to 550 mm Hg before autologous fat injection...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671819/fisetin-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#19
Harish C Pal, Ross L Pearlman, Farrukh Afaq
Chronic inflammation is a prolonged and dysregulated immune response leading to a wide variety of physiological and pathological conditions such as neurological abnormalities, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, pulmonary diseases, immunological diseases, cancers, and other life-threatening conditions. Therefore, inhibition of persistent inflammation will reduce the risk of inflammation-associated chronic diseases. Inflammation-related chronic diseases require chronic treatment without side effects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616781/automated-mini-column-solid-phase-extraction-cleanup-for-high-throughput-analysis-of-chemical-contaminants-in-foods-by-low-pressure-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Steven J Lehotay, Lijun Han, Yelena Sapozhnikova
This study demonstrated the application of an automated high-throughput mini-cartridge solid-phase extraction (mini-SPE) cleanup for the rapid low-pressure gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LPGC-MS/MS) analysis of pesticides and environmental contaminants in QuEChERS extracts of foods. Cleanup efficiencies and breakthrough volumes using different mini-SPE sorbents were compared using avocado, salmon, pork loin, and kale as representative matrices. Optimum extract load volume was 300 µL for the 45 mg mini-cartridges containing 20/12/12/1 (w/w/w/w) anh...
2016: Chromatographia
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