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PTSD risk factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889110/psychological-distress-and-physical-disability-in-patients-sustaining-severe-injuries-in-road-traffic-crashes-results-from-a-one-year-cohort-study-from-three-european-countries
#1
Maria Papadakaki, Eleonora Ferraro Ottavia, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Marco von-der-Geest, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Joannes Chliaoutakis
The current study aimed to follow-up a group of road crash survivors for one year and assesses the impact of injury on their psychological and physical condition. All crash survivors that were admitted to the intensive or sub-intensive care units of selected hospitals in Greece, Germany and Italy over one year period (2013-2014), were invited to participate in the study and were interviewed at three different time-points as follows: (a) at one month (baseline data), (b) at six months, and (c) at twelve months...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881919/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-yazidi-refugees
#2
Serhat Nasıroğlu, Veysi Çeri
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine the frequency of mental pathologies in children and adolescents of the Yazidi minority group who immigrated to Turkey from Iraq. The refugees were asked about preventive and risk factors that occurred before and after their immigration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 children and adolescents (30 males and 25 females) who were Yazidi refugees and had settled in the Uçkuyular, Oğuz, Onbaşı, and Uğurca villages of Batman, Turkey...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879650/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-overview-of-evidence-based-assessment-and-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Cynthia L Lancaster, Jenni B Teeters, Daniel F Gros, Sudie E Back
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic psychological disorder that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event. This review summarizes the literature on the epidemiology, assessment, and treatment of PTSD. We provide a review of the characteristics of PTSD along with associated risk factors, and describe brief, evidence-based measures that can be used to screen for PTSD and monitor symptom changes over time. In regard to treatment, we highlight commonly used, evidence-based psychotherapies and pharmacotherapies for PTSD...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#4
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873541/the-relationship-between-suppression-and-subsequent-intrusions-the-mediating-role-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-anxiety
#5
Cornelia Măirean, Ciprian Marius Ceobanu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies showed that thought and emotion suppression represent risk factors for intrusions development, the mechanisms that explain these relations were less explored. This study aims to examine the relationships between thought and emotion suppression and the symptoms of intrusion following the exposure to a trauma-related event. Moreover, we explored if these relationships would be mediated by peritraumatic state dissociation and state anxiety...
November 22, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869452/dyadic-effects-of-attachment-on-mental-health-couples-in-a-postdisaster-context
#6
H Colin Gallagher, Dean Lusher, Lisa Gibbs, Philippa Pattison, David Forbes, Karen Block, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall, Connie Kellett, Greg Ireton, Richard A Bryant
Research on mental health following disasters has led to the identification of many individual protective and risk factors for postdisaster mental health. However, there is little understanding of the exact influence that disasters have on the functioning of intimate relationships. Especially relevant are attachment styles, which are likely to play an important role in the provision and perception of social support between partners, and subsequent mental health outcomes. Heterosexual couples (N = 127) affected by the 2009 Victorian "Black Saturday" Bushfires in southeastern Australia were surveyed for disaster experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, and attachment style between May 2012 and January 2013, approximately 3 years after the disaster...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865585/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-after-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Pelin Dikmen Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have provided preliminary insights into risk factors and possible prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) postpartum with no attempt to examine prenatal PTSD. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of PTSD during pregnancy and after birth, and the course of PTSD over this time. METHODS: PsychINFO, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched using PTSD terms crossed with perinatal terms. Studies were included if they reported the prevalence of PTSD during pregnancy or after birth using a diagnostic measure...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863701/the-many-wounds-of-war-the-association-of-service-related-and-clinical-characteristics-with-problems-with-the-law-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#8
Autumn Backhaus, Shadi Gholizadeh, Kathryn M Godfrey, James Pittman, Niloofar Afari
Previous research has demonstrated that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for aggression, hostility, and anger, potentially leading to problems with the law or disciplinary action while in the military. There have been calls for increased consideration of the unique aspects of the judicial system in legal matters with veterans involved. The bulk of the research so far has considered the link between PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and combat exposure, but little is known about the potential role of chronic pain and Military Sexual Trauma (MST) in a veteran's experience of anger, aggression, and discipline while in the military and legal concerns...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#9
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855562/associations-between-lower-order-anxiety-sensitivity-dimensions-and-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#10
Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Walton, Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Jessica Chambliss, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), a well-established individual difference variable reflecting a tendency to fear bodily sensations associated with arousal, has been implicated in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite these associations, little research has examined the relations between AS subfactors (eg physical, cognitive, and social) and PTSD symptoms and none have examined these associations in the context of DSM-5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) PTSD clusters (ie intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions/mood, and arousal)...
November 18, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810723/predictors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-active-duty-military-personnel-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Carmen P McLean, Yinyin Zang, Laurie Zandberg, Craig J Bryan, Natalie Gay, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Given the alarming rate of military suicides, it is critical to identify the factors that increase risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among active duty military personnel. METHODS: This study examined a predictive model of suicidal ideation among 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan. Structural equation modeling was employed to examine the relative contribution of combat exposure, social support, PTSD severity, depressive symptoms, guilt, and trauma-related cognitions on suicidal ideation...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810667/ptsd-symptoms-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-firefighters
#12
Joseph W Boffa, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Aaron M Norr, Thomas E Joiner, Norman B Schmidt
Research into the causes and prevention of suicide has been deemed a national priority, with a recent focus on sectors of the workforce, such as firefighters, who experience occupational hazards that may confer risk for suicide. Elevated levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), which show robust relationships with both suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts, are common among firefighters. However, no study to date has investigated the relationship between PTSS and suicidality among firefighters...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809671/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-disorders-or-substance-use-and-self-reported-cognitive-failures
#13
Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive failures are errors in normal everyday functioning. Individuals with psychological disorders may possess heightened vulnerability. We sought to review the literature on cognitive failures in psychological disorders to determine the nature of this association, and whether failures relate to neuropsychological performance. We also examine the relationship between cognitive failures and substance use since it is relevant to everyday cognition and co-occurs in many psychological disorders...
November 3, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796710/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptomatology-in-the-course-of-allogeneic-hsct-a-prospective-study
#14
Peter Esser, Katharina Kuba, Angela Scherwath, Lena Schirmer, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Andreas Dinkel, Friedrich Balck, Uwe Koch, Nicolaus Kröger, Heide Götze, Anja Mehnert
PURPOSE: Despite the life-threatening character of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allogeneic HSCT), very few longitudinal research exists on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in this patient group. We investigated prevalence, temporal course and predictors of PTSD symptomatology in this population. METHODS: Patients were assessed before conditioning (T0), 100 days (T1), and 12 months after HSCT (T2). PTSD symptomatology was measured with the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794503/modifiable-risk-factors-for-chronic-back-pain-insights-using-the-co-twin-control-design
#15
Pradeep Suri, Edward J Boyko, Nicholas L Smith, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Frances M K Williams, Gail P Jarvik, Jack Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between modifiable risk factors and chronic back pain (CBP) may be due to the inability of traditional epidemiologic study designs to properly account for an array of potential genetic and environmental confounding factors. The co-twin control research design, comparing modifiable risk factors in twins discordant for CBP, offers a unique way to remove numerous confounding factors. PURPOSE: The study aimed to examine the association of modifiable lifestyle and psychological factors with lifetime CBP...
October 26, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787440/utility-of-the-injured-trauma-survivor-screen-to-predict-ptsd-and-depression-during-hospital-admission
#16
Joshua C Hunt, Marty Sapp, Cindy Walker, Ann Marie Warren, Karen Brasel, Terri A deRoon-Cassini
BACKGROUND: The brief, easily administered screen, the Injured Trauma Survivor Screen (ITSS) was created to identify trauma survivors at risk for development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. METHODS: An item pool of PTSD risk factors was created and given, along with a previously created screen, to patients admitted to two level 1 trauma centers. The Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5, the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale Revised were given during a one-month follow-up...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785533/who-is-going-to-rescue-the-rescuers-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-rescue-workers-operating-in-greece-during-the-european-refugee-crisis
#17
Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Sofia-Aikaterini Vlachaki, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Georgia Pistolla
PURPOSE: During the European refugee crisis, numerous Greek and international rescue workers are operating in Lesvos, offering search, rescue, and first aid services. Exposure to stressful life events while engaging in this rescue work can result in developing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The study aimed to assess the prevalence of PTSD and explore potential differences between different categories of rescuers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 217 rescue workers...
October 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777370/differences-in-abuse-neglect-and-exposure-to-community-violence-in-adolescents-with-and-without-ptsd-and-depression
#18
Jani Nöthling, Sharain Suliman, Lindi Martin, Candice Simmons, Soraya Seedat
South African adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence and trauma, including community violence, abuse, and neglect. Violence and trauma are associated with negative mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Demographic characteristics, additional exposure to trauma, community violence, and types of childhood abuse and neglect may place adolescents at greater risk of developing PTSD. This study aimed to first assess the weighted contribution of demographic factors, trauma load, community violence, and types of abuse and neglect in predicting PTSD symptom severity...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776683/social-ecological-determinants-of-substance-use-treatment-entry-among-serious-juvenile-offenders-from-adolescence-through-emerging-adulthood
#19
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Eric F Wagner, Gabriel J Merrin
PURPOSE: To examine the social-ecological determinants of substance use treatment entry among serious juvenile offenders over a 7 year period. Using the social-ecological framework, relevant predictors of substance use from the literature were used to assess risk (and protective) factors at the individual, parental, peer and neighborhood level. METHOD: Serious juvenile offenders (N=1354, Mage baseline=16.0 years, SD=1.14) were prospectively followed over 7 years (Mage Conclusion=23...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775160/violent-behavior-among-military-reservists
#20
Jamie Kwan, Margaret Jones, Lisa Hull, Simon Wessely, Nicola Fear, Deirdre MacManus
Large numbers of British and American Reservists have been deployed to operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Little is known about the impact of deployment and combat exposure on violent behavior in Reservists. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-reported violent behavior among a representative sample of United Kingdom Reservists, the risk factors associated with violence and the impact of deployment and combat exposure on violence. This study used data from a large cohort study of randomly selected UK military personnel and included Reservists who were in service at the time of sampling (n = 1710)...
October 24, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
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