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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#1
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627921/risk-factors-for-concurrent-suicidal-ideation-and-violent-impulses-in-military-veterans
#3
Eric B Elbogen, H Ryan Wagner, Nathan A Kimbrel, Mira Brancu, Jennifer Naylor, Robert Graziano, Eric Crawford
Suicide and violence are significant problems in a subset of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. This study investigates how posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and resilience in veterans are associated with suicidal ideation and violent impulses while controlling for known covariates of both adverse outcomes. Structured clinical interviews were conducted of N = 2,543 Iraq/Afghanistan-era U.S. veterans. Compared with veterans denying suicidal ideation or violent impulses (n = 1,927), veterans endorsing both (n = 171) were more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for PTSD, report childhood abuse, combat exposure, physical pain symptoms, and drug misuse, and less likely to endorse self-direction/life purpose...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627380/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-dementia-among-members-of-a-health-care-delivery-system
#4
Jason D Flatt, Paola Gilsanz, Charles P Quesenberry, Kathleen B Albers, Rachel A Whitmer
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with an increased risk of dementia in male veterans, but little is known in females and civilians. METHODS: PTSD and comorbidities were abstracted from medical records from 1/1/1996 to 12/31/2001. Dementia incidence from 1/1/2002 to 12/31/2014 in 499,844 health care members aged 60+ years over an average of 8.2 years. Cox proportional hazard models were adjusted for age, demographics, and comorbidities...
June 13, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622816/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-depression-and-length-of-hospital-stay-following-traumatic-injury
#5
Erin Sullivan, Jordin Shelley, Evan Rainey, Monica Bennett, Purvi Prajapati, Mark B Powers, Michael Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression symptoms with hospital outcome measures to explore how psychiatric factors relate to hospital length of stay (LOS). METHOD: Participants were adults admitted to a large Level I Trauma Center for longer than 24h. Depression was assessed at hospitalization using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), and PTSS was measured by the Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD)...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622811/development-and-preliminary-performance-of-a-risk-factor-screen-to-predict-posttraumatic-psychological-disorder-after-trauma-exposure
#6
Eve B Carlson, Patrick A Palmieri, David A Spain
OBJECTIVE: We examined data from a prospective study of risk factors that increase vulnerability or resilience, exacerbate distress, or foster recovery to determine whether risk factors accurately predict which individuals will later have high posttraumatic (PT) symptom levels and whether brief measures of risk factors also accurately predict later symptom elevations. METHOD: Using data from 129 adults exposed to traumatic injury of self or a loved one, we conducted receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of 14 risk factors assessed by full-length measures, determined optimal cutoff scores, and calculated predictive performance for the nine that were most predictive...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618391/daily-level-associations-between-ptsd-and-cannabis-use-among-young-sexual-minority-women
#7
Emily R Dworkin, Debra Kaysen, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Isaac C Rhew, Christine M Lee
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority women have elevated trauma exposure and prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to heterosexual women and they are also more likely to use cannabis, although no research has examined relationships between PTSD and cannabis use in this population. Daily-level methodologies are necessary to examine proximal associations between PTSD and use. METHODS: This study included 90 trauma-exposed young adult women who identified as sexual minorities (34...
June 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617017/identifying-trajectories-of-change-to-improve-understanding-of-integrated-health-care-outcomes-on-ptsd-symptoms-post-disaster
#8
Howard J Osofsky, Carl F Weems, Tonya Cross Hansel, Anthony H Speier, Joy D Osofsky, Rebecca Graham, Lucy King, Timothy K Craft
INTRODUCTION: Addressing life stressors is an important function for integrated care, especially for health care homes located in disaster prone environments. This study evaluated trajectories of change for patients with postdisaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were seen in integrated care. In addition to describing the results, this article provides the methods of subgroup analyses as this may be useful for others working in real-world practice. METHOD: Patients (N = 340) receiving services at 5 rural health clinics self-reported PTSD symptoms as part of an ongoing evaluation to study the effectiveness of integrated health...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616860/insomnia-as-a-precipitating-factor-in-new-onset-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-recent-findings
#9
REVIEW
Wilfred R Pigeon, Todd M Bishop, Kelsey M Krueger
PURPOSE: We aimed to systematically review recent publications (01/2014-03/2017) with longitudinal designs allowing for the assessment of the prospective risk of insomnia on new onset mental illness in key conditions: anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature yielded 1859 unique articles meeting search criteria were identified; 16 articles met all selection criteria and reviewed with some studies reporting on more than one mental health outcome...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613013/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-mothers-whose-children-underwent-oncological-surgery
#10
Kıvılcım Karadeniz Cerit, Cem Cerit, Ömer Nart, Nurşah Eker, Gürsu Kıyan, Tolga Dağlı, Gülşen Ekingen, Gülnur Tokuç, Ömer Karaca, Funda Çorapçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated risk factors among mothers whose children underwent oncological surgery. METHOD: This cross-sectional, multi-center study included a total of 60 mothers whose children underwent major thoracoabdominal surgery and were under the follow-up in the outpatient setting between February 2016 and May 2016. Clinical Data Form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinician-Administered PTSD scale (CAPS) were used...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605622/factors-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-community-volunteers-during-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-korea
#11
Ju-Yeon Lee, Sung-Wan Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics associated with volunteerism and identify the factors that contributed to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among community volunteers following the Sewol ferry disaster in Korea. METHODS: In total, 2,298 adults (aged 30-70 years) from the Jin-do area, where the Sewol ferry disaster occurred, participated in this study. A cross-sectional survey was conducted 1 month after the disaster...
June 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590209/psychodynamic-treatment-of-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-at-risk-for-suicide
#12
Herbert Hendin
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a condition associated with suicide in both military personnel and combat veterans. Most veterans with PTSD, however, are not at risk of suicide. The major factor distinguishing those who attempted or were preoccupied with suicide is persistent severe guilt over behavior in combat while emotionally out of control. A 12-session short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy, presented here, showed promise of success in dissipating the guilt from combat-related actions in veterans of the war in Vietnam...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589140/brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-1998-dongting-lake-flood-in-china
#13
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Xin Wu, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Junxia Yan, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Aizhong Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study mainly aimed to explore the association between brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among flood survivors in China. METHODS: Individuals who experienced the 1998 Dongting Lake flood in Southeast Huarong, China, were enrolled in this study. Qualified health personnel carried out face-to-face interviews with participants. PTSD was identified using PTSD Checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579519/contributions-of-polygenic-risk-for-obesity-to-ptsd-related-metabolic-syndrome-and-cortical-thickness
#14
Erika J Wolf, Danielle R Miller, Mark W Logue, Jennifer Sumner, Tawni B Stoop, Elizabeth C Leritz, Jasmeet P Hayes, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and that PTSD-associated MetS is related to decreased cortical thickness. However, the role of genetic factors in these associations is unclear. This study evaluated contributions of polygenic obesity risk and PTSD to MetS and of MetS and polygenic obesity risk to cortical thickness. METHODS: 196 white, non-Hispanic veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan underwent clinical diagnostic interviews, physiological assessments, and genome-wide genotyping; 168 also completed magnetic resonance imaging scans...
June 1, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577570/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-parturients-delivering-by-caesarean-section-and-the-implication-of-anaesthesia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
U Lopez, M Meyer, V Loures, I Iselin-Chaves, M Epiney, C Kern, G Haller
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs in 1-7% of women following childbirth. While having a caesarean section (C-section) is known to be a significant risk factor for postpartum PTSD, it is currently unknown whether coexisting anaesthesia-related factors are also associated to the disorder. The aim of this study was to assess anaesthesia-linked factors in the development of acute postpartum PTSD. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study on women having a C-section in a tertiary hospital in Switzerland...
June 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575815/cardiac-disease-induced-ptsd-cdi-ptsd-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Noa Vilchinsky, Karni Ginzburg, Keren Fait, Edna B Foa
The goal of the current systematic review was to provide an overview of the findings in the field of Cardiac-Disease-Induced Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CDI-PTSD) in order to establish CDI-PTSD as a valid diagnostic entity for a wide spectrum of cardiac diseases and related medical procedures. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, we conducted a systematic electronic literature search. Of the 3202 citations identified, 150 studies meeting the selection criteria were reviewed. Our main findings were that the prevalence of CDI-PTSD ranged between 0% and 38% (averaging at 12%) and was highly dependent on the assessment tool used...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574798/demographic-factors-mental-health-problems-and-psychosocial-resources-influence-women-s-aids-risk
#17
Eleonora C V Costa, Joana Silva, M Graça Pereira
Our aim was to examine how depressive mood, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, self-efficacy, and social support are associated with HIV-risk behaviors. Participants were sexually active women (N = 1488) recruited when attending gynecological consultations in primary care settings. Standardized questionnaires were administered to assess for depressive mood, abuse/assault-related PTSD, social support, self-efficacy, stress, and sexual risk behavior. The resulting association models showed that demographic factors, mental health problems, and resources are associated with sexual risk behavior...
June 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570433/trauma-and-autonomic-dysregulation-episodic-versus-systemic-negative-affect-underlying-cardiovascular-risk-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Paul A Dennis, Nathan A Kimbrel, Andrew Sherwood, Patrick S Calhoun, Lana L Watkins, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to elevated heart rate (HR) and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in cross-sectional research. Recent evidence suggests that this link may be driven by individual differences in autonomic arousal associated with momentary negative affect (NA). Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) of NA and minute-to-minute HR/HRV monitoring, we examined whether NA-related HR/HRV mediated the association of PTSD symptom severity with 24-hour HRV and endothelial functioning...
June 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559457/violent-injury-predicts-poor-psychological-outcomes-after-traumatic-injury-in-a-hard-to-reach-population-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
Emmylou Rahtz, Kamaldeep Bhui, Melanie Smuk, Iain Hutchison, Ania Korszun
BACKGROUND: People who experience physical trauma face a range of psychosocial outcomes. These may be overlooked by busy clinicians. While some risk factors are understood, understanding of the psychological effects of violent injury remains limited, particularly in UK settings. This study compared psychological outcomes following interpersonal violence and accidental injury, including the persistence of psychological distress. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out at two time points of patients admitted to a large teaching hospital in London between July 2012 and April 2014...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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