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PTSD risk factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231614/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-strategies-in-mothers-and-fathers-following-infant-hospitalization-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#1
Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Rosa, Aleksandra Wróbel, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
OBJECTIVE: The development of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased the survival rate of infants. However, one of the major parental problems is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to identify the potential risk factors for the development of PTSD in mothers and fathers following infant hospitalization in the NICU. DESIGN: An observational study covered 125 parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged three to 12 months who were hospitalized in the NICU during the neonatal period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219827/the-intervening-role-of-urgency-on-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-ptsd-and-substance-related-problems
#2
Rebecca Mirhashem, Holley C Allen, Zachary W Adams, Katherine van Stolk-Cooke, Alison Legrand, Matthew Price
A range of risk factors lead to opioid use and substance-related problems (SRP) including childhood maltreatment, elevated impulsivity, and psychopathology. These constructs are highly interrelated such that childhood maltreatment is associated with elevated impulsivity and trauma-related psychopathology such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and impulsivity-particularly urgency-and PTSD are related. Prior work has examined the association between these constructs and substance-related problems independently and it is unclear how these multi-faceted constructs (i...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214175/the-traumatic-experience-of-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Rebecca Rodrigues, Kelly K Anderson
INTRODUCTION: A psychotic episode may be sufficiently traumatic to induce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which could impact outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms in relation to psychosis in FEP and to identify risk factors for the development of PTSD symptoms. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists and tables of contents to identify relevant studies...
February 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195856/pharmacoepidemiologic-analyses-of-opioid-use-among-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#4
Teresa J Hudson, Jacob T Painter, Brad Martin, Mark A Austen, James S Williams, John Fortney, Mark D Sullivan, Mark E Edlund
There is a great deal of concern about opioid use in Veterans, particularly those that served in Afghanistan (OEF) and Iraq (OIF and OND). The current study provides a detailed pharmacoepidemiologic analysis of opioid use among OEF/OIF/OND Veterans from FY09 to FY12. Data from three data repositories from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) were used to describe demographic, clinical, and medication characteristics associated with opioid use among OEF/OIF/OND Veterans and among those with TBI. Logistic regression models were used to identify risks associated with chronic opioid use in FY12...
February 11, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192736/evidence-of-the-dissociative-ptsd-subtype-a-systematic-literature-review-of-latent-class-and-profile-analytic-studies-of-ptsd
#5
REVIEW
Maj Hansen, Jana Ross, Cherie Armour
BACKGROUND: The dissociative PTSD (D-PTSD) subtype was first introduced into the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in 2013. Prior to this, studies using latent profile analysis (LPA) or latent class analysis (LCA), began to provide support for the D-PTSD construct and associated risk factors. This research is important, because dissociative symptoms in the context of PTSD may potentially interfere with treatment course or outcome. The aims of the present study were twofold: to systematically review the LCA and LPA studies investigating support for the D-PTSD construct; and to review the associated research on the risk factors or covariates of D-PTSD in the identified studies...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170427/long-term-psychological-outcomes-of-flood-survivors-of-hard-hit-areas-of-the-1998-dongting-lake-flood-in-china-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have indicated that exposure to natural disasters may increase survivors' risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety, studies focusing on the long-term psychological outcomes of flood survivors are limited. Thus, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PTSD and anxiety among flood survivors 17 years after the 1998 Dongting Lake flood and to identify the risk factors for PTSD and anxiety. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2015, 17 years after the 1998 Dongting Lake flood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167305/self-reported-driving-difficulty-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-its-central-role-in-psychological-well-being
#7
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
BACKGROUND: The ability to drive is a core function supporting independent living. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may impair driving capacity in numerous ways. Previous research has documented that individuals with TBI have more driving-related problems than other people and has identified predictors of driving status or capacity, mostly among civilians; however, no research has examined the implications of driving limitations for the well-being of individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-reported difficulty in driving with important domains of psychological well-being in veterans with TBI, with adjustment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and years since most recent TBI...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160694/genetic-and-serum-biomarker-evidence-for-a-relationship-between-tnf%C3%AE-and-ptsd-in-vietnam-war-combat-veterans
#8
Dagmar Bruenig, Divya Mehta, Charles P Morris, Wendy Harvey, Bruce Lawford, Ross McD Young, Joanne Voisey
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased inflammation and comorbid medical conditions. However, study findings for individual inflammatory marker levels have been inconsistent. Some research suggests that resilience may play a role in decreased inflammation. A polymorphism in the promoter region of the tumor necrosis factor α gene (TNFα), TNFA -308 (rs1800629) is associated with psychiatric illness but its role in PTSD is yet to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates a key inflammatory marker, TNFα, for its role in PTSD severity...
January 24, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142070/ptsd-symptom-severity-and-sensitivity-to-blood-injury-and-mutilation-in-u-s-army-special-operations-soldiers
#9
James A Naifeh, Robert J Ursano, Natasha Benfer, Hongyan Wu, Michelle Herman, David M Benedek, Dale W Russell, K Nikki Benevides, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Tsz Hin H Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Lei Zhang, Robert D Forsten, Carol S Fullerton
Sensitivity to blood, injury, and mutilation (SBIM) may increase risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), given that traumatic events often involve actual or perceived threat of bodily harm to oneself and/or others, including exposure to blood and other mutilation-related stimuli. A self-report questionnaire was administered to male, active duty, U.S. Army Special Operations Command soldiers who had deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan (n =694 males). We first used exploratory factor analysis to examine whether the 30-item Mutilation Questionnaire (Klorman et al...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135019/acute-stress-disorder-and-the-transition-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-course-prognosis-diagnostic-suitability-and-risk-markers
#10
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, Adrian Boyle, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. METHOD: Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas...
January 30, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128220/comorbid-diseases-as-risk-factors-for-incident-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-a-large-community-cohort-kcis-no-psy4
#11
Jung-Chen Chang, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Chau-Shoun Lee
Nature disasters and terrorist attacks have occurred globally in recent years. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has gained increasing attention, but its incidence and comorbidities in the general population are different from those inside the disaster areas. The present study estimated incident PTSD and comorbid diseases for over a decade in a cohort from a community-based integrated screening program. Factors associated with the incidence of PTSD were analyzed using Cox regression models. PTSD incidence was estimated as 81 per 10(5) person-years...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117048/amygdala-reactivity-and-anterior-cingulate-habituation-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-maintenance-after-acute-civilian-trauma
#12
Jennifer S Stevens, Ye Ji Kim, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy, Renuka Reddy, Timothy D Ely, Charles B Nemeroff, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that exaggerated amygdala reactivity is a vulnerability factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, our understanding is limited by a paucity of prospective, longitudinal studies. Recent studies in healthy samples indicate that, relative to reactivity, habituation is a more reliable biomarker of individual differences in amygdala function. We investigated reactivity of the amygdala and cortical areas to repeated threat presentations in a prospective study of PTSD...
December 23, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115477/a-deletion-variant-of-the-%C3%AE-2b-adrenoceptor-modulates-the-stress-induced-shift-from-cognitive-to-habit-memory
#13
Lisa Wirz, Jan Wacker, Andrea Felten, Martin Reuter, Lars Schwabe
: Stress induces a shift from hippocampus-based 'cognitive' towards dorsal striatum-based 'habitual' learning and memory. This shift is thought to have important implications for stress-related psychopathologies, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, there is large individual variability in the stress-induced bias towards habit memory and the factors underlying this variability are completely unknown. Here we hypothesized that a functional deletion variant of the gene encoding the α2b-adrenoceptor (ADRA2B), which has been linked to emotional memory processes and increased PTSD risk, modulates the stress-induced shift from cognitive towards habit memory...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114775/risk-factors-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-female-survivors-of-rape
#14
Nolwandle Mbalo, Muyu Zhang, Sam Ntuli
Temporarily Unavailable (PsycINFO Database Record
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109728/the-utility-of-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-the-prediction-of-ptsd-symptoms-following-traumatic-physical-injury
#15
Maria L Pacella, Bryce Hruska, Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
RATIONALE: Although cortisol alterations have been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS), the direction of association is mixed. Cortisol which is measured in blood, saliva, or urine is subject to transient factors that may confound results. Recent advances in cortisol sampling techniques provide novel opportunities to address these inconsistencies. Hair cortisol sampling is a non-invasive method for the retrospective assessment of long-term integrated cortisol, yet its utility at predicting PTSS has not been assessed in acute injury victims...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109647/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Matthew J Cordova, Michelle B Riba, David Spiegel
Being diagnosed with and treated for cancer is highly stressful and potentially traumatic. An extensive literature has evaluated the prevalence, predictors, and correlates of cancer-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnoses. In this qualitative review of cancer-related PTSD literature, we highlight conceptual, methodological, and diagnostic issues, and identify clinical implications and areas for future research. Cancer-related PTSD has been documented in a minority of patients with cancer and their family members, is positively associated with other indices of distress and reduced quality of life, and has several correlates and risk factors (eg, prior trauma history, pre-existing psychiatric conditions, poor social support)...
January 18, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#17
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103407/the-course-and-correlates-of-combat-related-ptsd-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-in-the-three-decades-after-the-war
#18
Brian I O'Toole, Stanley V Catts
Australian male Vietnam veterans (N = 388) were assessed 22 and 36 years after their return to Australia using standardized diagnostic interviews, with added data from Army records and self-report questionnaires. Among veterans who ever had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 50.3% had a current diagnosis at the second assessment; of those who had a current diagnosis at Wave 1, 46.9% were also current at Wave 2. Late onset occurred for 19.0% of veterans, of whom 60.8% were current at Wave 2. Multivariate analysis compared veterans with no history of PTSD (n = 231) with veterans who had ever had PTSD (n = 157) to assess risk factors for PTSD incidence; and veterans with a history, but not current PTSD (n = 78) with veterans who had current PTSD at the second assessment (n = 79) to assess risk factors for failure to remit...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092189/life-adverse-experiences-in-relation-with-obesity-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Luca Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Johan Vanderlinden
Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (N = 306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#20
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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