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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109728/the-utility-of-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-the-prediction-of-ptsd-symptoms-following-traumatic-physical-injury
#1
Maria L Pacella, Bryce Hruska, Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
RATIONALE: Although cortisol alterations have been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS), the direction of association is mixed. Cortisol which is measured in blood, saliva, or urine is subject to transient factors that may confound results. Recent advances in cortisol sampling techniques provide novel opportunities to address these inconsistencies. Hair cortisol sampling is a non-invasive method for the retrospective assessment of long-term integrated cortisol, yet its utility at predicting PTSS has not been assessed in acute injury victims...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109647/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Matthew J Cordova, Michelle B Riba, David Spiegel
Being diagnosed with and treated for cancer is highly stressful and potentially traumatic. An extensive literature has evaluated the prevalence, predictors, and correlates of cancer-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnoses. In this qualitative review of cancer-related PTSD literature, we highlight conceptual, methodological, and diagnostic issues, and identify clinical implications and areas for future research. Cancer-related PTSD has been documented in a minority of patients with cancer and their family members, is positively associated with other indices of distress and reduced quality of life, and has several correlates and risk factors (eg, prior trauma history, pre-existing psychiatric conditions, poor social support)...
January 18, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#3
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103407/the-course-and-correlates-of-combat-related-ptsd-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-in-the-three-decades-after-the-war
#4
Brian I O'Toole, Stanley V Catts
Australian male Vietnam veterans (N = 388) were assessed 22 and 36 years after their return to Australia using standardized diagnostic interviews, with added data from Army records and self-report questionnaires. Among veterans who ever had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 50.3% had a current diagnosis at the second assessment; of those who had a current diagnosis at Wave 1, 46.9% were also current at Wave 2. Late onset occurred for 19.0% of veterans, of whom 60.8% were current at Wave 2. Multivariate analysis compared veterans with no history of PTSD (n = 231) with veterans who had ever had PTSD (n = 157) to assess risk factors for PTSD incidence; and veterans with a history, but not current PTSD (n = 78) with veterans who had current PTSD at the second assessment (n = 79) to assess risk factors for failure to remit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092189/life-adverse-experiences-in-relation-with-obesity-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#5
Giovanni Luca Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Johan Vanderlinden
Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (N = 306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#6
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079406/predictive-factors-of-depression-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-the-18-month-follow-up-after-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#7
Cheryl H K Chui, Mao-Sheng Ran, Rong-Hui Li, Mei Fan, Zhen Zhang, Yuan-Hao Li, Guo Jing Ou, Zhe Jiang, Yu-Zhen Tong, Ding-Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess the severity of depression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072503/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-a-large-cohort-of-middle-aged-women
#8
Jennifer A Sumner, Kaitlin Hagan, Fran Grodstein, Andrea L Roberts, Brian Harel, Karestan C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to cognitive decline, but research in women is generally lacking. We examined whether trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were associated with worse cognitive function in middle-aged civilian women. A secondary objective was to investigate the possible role of depression in the relation of PTSD symptoms to cognitive function. METHODS: The sample comprised 14,029 middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
January 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061976/neuroendocrine-underpinnings-of-increased-risk-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-women
#9
M A Briscione, V Michopoulos, T Jovanovic, S D Norrholm
Women are particularly vulnerable to the effects of psychological trauma and the development of trauma-, stressor-, and anxiety-related mental illnesses such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the current chapter, we examine the female hormonal systems that interact with psychobiological stress response systems to elicit maladaptive behavior and mental disease states in traumatized female populations. In addition, we provide a contemporary translational example of a stress vulnerability genomic profile (coding for pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) that may underlie the specific susceptibilities observed in women...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054288/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complicated-grief-are-common-in-caregivers-of-neuro-icu-patients
#10
Stephen A Trevick, Aaron S Lord
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of end of life and other palliative decision making scenarios on the mental health of family members of patients in the neuro-intensive care unit. METHODS: Decision makers of patients in the neuro-ICU at a large, urban, academic medical center meeting palliative care triggers were identified from November 10, 2014, to August 27, 2015. Interviews were conducted at 1 and 6 months post-enrollment. At 1 month, the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised (ICG-R), Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), and the Family Satisfaction-ICU (FS-ICU) were performed along with basic demographic questionnaires...
January 4, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053660/causes-of-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-beliefs-of-iraqi-and-afghan-refugees-resettled-in-australia
#11
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Anisa Yaser, Jonathan Mond, Mitchell Smith, Diana Milosevic, Caroline Smith, Sanja Lujic, Anthony Francis Jorm
BACKGROUND: Resettled refugees are a vulnerable group for mental health problems and in particular, trauma-related disorders. Evidence suggests that poor 'mental health literacy' (MHL) is a major factor in low or inappropriate treatment-seeking among individuals with mental health problems. This study sought to determine the beliefs regarding the causes of and risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) amongst two resettled refugee groups in Australia. METHODS: Utilising a culturally adapted MHL survey method, 225 Iraqis and 150 Afghans of refugee background were surveyed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045882/longitudinal-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-community-risk-and-recovery-factors
#12
Bojana Pejuskovic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Oliver Toskovic
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a multicausal phenomenon and a final end point of the combination of a number of potential causes. Our study aimed to examine potential risk and recovery factors of PTSD in general adult population at 1-year follow-up period. The sample consisted of 640 subjects in the initial phase, chosen by random walk technique in five regions of the country, and 100 in the follow-up. The assessment has been carried out by the following instruments: Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Life Stressor Checklist-Revised, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life Scale...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044191/depressive-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorders-at-six-years-after-occupational-injuries
#13
Wei-Shan Chin, Judith Shu-Chu Shiao, Shih-Cheng Liao, Chun-Ya Kuo, Chih-Chieh Chen, Yue Leon Guo
The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence rates of depressive, anxiety and PTSDs, and the risk factors for psychological symptoms at 6 years after occupational injury. This longitudinal study followed workers who were occupationally injured in 2009. Psychological symptoms and return to work were assessed at 3 and 12 months after injury. Injured workers who had completed the initial questionnaire survey at 3 or 12 months after injury were recruited. A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to the participants...
January 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032331/intergenerational-transmission-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-families
#14
B I O'Toole, M J Burton, A Rothwell, S Outram, M Dadds, S V Catts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offspring PTSD and its specificity for other disorders in a non-clinical epidemiological cohort of Australian Vietnam veterans, their partners and their sons and daughters. METHOD: Veterans were interviewed twice, in 1992-1994 and 2005-2006; partners were interviewed in 2006-2007, and their offspring in 2012-2014. A total of 125 sons and 168 daughters were interviewed from 197 families, 137 of which also included partners who were the mothers of the children...
December 28, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017839/association-of-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-conduct-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Katharina Ackermann, Daniel Saure, Christine M Freitag
OBJECTIVE: To summarize findings of previous studies on the prevalence of trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Conduct Disorder (CD). METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis following the PRISMA guidelines. Ebsco and PubMed databases were searched from January 1980 until April 2016, employing relevant keywords. RESULTS: Nine studies from western industrialized countries met inclusion criteria. Data of four clinical studies in children and adolescents was aggregated by meta-analysis, resulting in a lifetime PTSD prevalence of 11% (95% CI: 7-17%) in CD, with higher rates in females than males...
December 22, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013099/gender-differences-in-substance-abuse-ptsd-and-intentional-self-harm-among-veterans-health-administration-patients
#16
Jaimie L Gradus, Sarah Leatherman, Andrew Curreri, Lisa G Myers, Ryan Ferguson, Matthew Miller
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported substance abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnoses as risk factors for suicide among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients. Research on risk factors for suicide may not generalize to our understanding of non-fatal intentional self-harm (ISH), given the evidence that these outcomes have unique risk factors. The aims of this study were to examine (1) gender-stratified rates of non-fatal ISH in VHA patients with alcohol abuse/dependence, drug abuse/dependence, and PTSD and (2) gender-stratified interaction between alcohol abuse and dependence and drug abuse and dependence and PTSD in predicting non-fatal ISH...
November 21, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006696/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-adult-survivors-8-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#17
Jing Guo, Huan He, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Chengbin Liu
BACKGROUND: The Wenchuan earthquake was China's worst natural disaster of the past three decades. Although the psychological sequelae of disasters can last for many years, the long-term sequelae and their risk factors tend to receive little research attention. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalences of symptomalogical PTSD and depression among survivors 8 years after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify the shared and unshared risk factors associated with PTSD and depression, using data from a cross-sectional survey...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006664/the-high-burden-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-comorbidities-amongst-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness
#18
Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Andree Schuler, Agnes Gozdzik, Julian Somers, Paul-Émile Bourque, C James Frankish, Jalila Jbilou, Sarah Pakzad, Luis Ivan Palma Lazgare, Stephen W Hwang
OBJECTIVE: characterize the prevalence of self-reported head injury with loss of consciousness (LOC) and associated demographic, clinical and service use factors in a sample of homeless adults with mental illness. METHOD: Participants in the At Home/Chez Soi study were interviewed at the time of study enrollment regarding their history of head injuries, mental and physical health diagnoses and justice system and healthcare interactions. Sociodemographic and clinical data were also collected...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002490/predicting-suicide-risk-in-trauma-exposed-veterans-the-role-of-health-promoting-behaviors
#19
Bryann B DeBeer, Julie A Kittel, Andrew Cook, Dena Davidson, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
INTRODUCTION: Returning veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan experience high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal behavior. Suicidal ideation is among the strongest risk factors for completed suicide. Some research suggests an association between PTSD and suicidal ideation, and that health-promoting behaviors-behaviors that sustain or increase well-being-play a role in this association. The current study examined whether health-promoting behaviors moderate the association between PTSD severity and suicidal ideation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998375/sleep-disturbances-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-associations-with-ptsd-personality-and-coping
#20
Mackenzie J Lind, Emily Brown, Leah Farrell-Carnahan, Ruth C Brown, Sage Hawn, Erin Berenz, Scott McDonald, Treven Pickett, Carla Kmett Danielson, Suzanne Thomas, Ananda B Amstadter
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances are well documented in relation to trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but correlates of such disturbances remain understudied in veteran populations. We conducted a preliminary study of sleep disturbances in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn veterans (n = 133; mean [standard deviation] age = 29.8 [4.7] y). METHODS: Veterans were assigned to one of three groups based on responses to the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale: control (no trauma-exposure [TE] or PTSD), TE, and PTSD...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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