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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802467/complementary-therapies-for-mental-health-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Gary N Asher, Jonathan Gerkin, Bradley N Gaynes
Approximately 18% of the US adult population has a mental illness, yet only 13% with mental illness receive any treatment. Although pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy are the mainstays of treatment, treatment discontinuation and failure are common. Skepticism toward such treatments has fueled interest in and use of complementary therapies, such as acupuncture, meditation, and natural products. Many medical providers are unaware of the use of these therapies by their patients, and knowledge of the evidence base for these therapies is often lacking...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802190/alcohol-use-and-bipolar-disorders-risk-factors-associated-with-their-co-occurrence-and-sequence-of-onsets
#2
Jean-Michel Azorin, Léa C Perret, Eric Fakra, Sébastien Tassy, Nicolas Simon, Marc Adida, Raoul Belzeaux
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sequence of onsets in patients affected by comorbid alcohol use and bipolar disorder. This study examines the risk factors associated with their co-occurrence and order of onset. METHOD: The demographic, clinical, and temperament characteristics as well as the course of illness were analyzed within our sample of 1090 DSM-IV bipolar I manic patients. Our sample was categorized according to the presence of comorbid alcohol use disorder and the sequence of onsets of bipolar and alcohol use disorders i...
August 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798340/predictable-chronic-mild-stress-during-adolescence-promotes-fear-memory-extinction-in-adulthood
#3
Jia-Hui Deng, Wei Yan, Ying Han, Chen Chen, Shi-Qiu Meng, Cheng-Yu Sun, Ling-Zhi Xu, Yan-Xue Xue, Xue-Jiao Gao, Na Chen, Fei-Long Zhang, Yu-Mei Wang, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
Early-life stress in adolescence has a long-lasting influence on brain function in adulthood, and it is mostly recognized as a predisposing factor for mental illnesses, such as anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. Previous studies also indicated that adolescent predictable chronic mild stress (PCMS) in early life promotes resilience to depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in adulthood. However, the role of PCMS in associated memory process is still unclear. In the present study, we found that adolescent PCMS facilitated extinction and inhibited fear response in reinstatement and spontaneous recovery tests in adult rats, and this effect was still present 1 week later...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#4
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796284/associations-between-migraine-and-the-most-common-psychiatric-co-morbidities
#5
Stuart Bergman-Bock
PREMISE: Migraine is a common and potentially debilitating chronic neurologic disorder, with significant and clinically important psychiatric co-morbidities. PROBLEM: The individual and societal impact of migraine is both significant and diverse, and among these effects are a variety of psychiatric co-morbidities. Although the precise mechanisms underlying the relationships between migraine and psychiatric illness are not entirely clear, a variety of mood and anxiety disorders have not only been identified as co-prevalent in migraine, but have also been shown to impact migraine chronification...
August 10, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795914/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#6
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792287/the-association-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptoms-with-frequent-attendance-to-health-care-services-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#7
Tero S Kujanpää, Jari Jokelainen, Juha P Auvinen, Markku J Timonen
Objective Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with higher rate of physical comorbities, unexplained symptoms, and health care utilization. However, the role of somatic symptoms in determining health care utilization is unclear. The present study aims to assess the association of frequent attendance of health care services between generalized anxiety disorder symptoms and somatic symptoms. Method This study was conducted cross-sectionally using the material of the 46-year follow-up survey of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789715/metabolic-alterations-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-a-review-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-studies
#8
G Delvecchio, J A Stanley, A C Altamura, P Brambilla
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common psychiatric illness characterised by selective morpho-functional brain alterations. The breath of neuroimaging studies investigating the neural basis of GAD is extensive; however, its pathophysiology is still largely unknown. Specifically for proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (¹H MRS) investigations, which have the aim of identifying differences in metabolite levels between conditions in key brain areas, often showed contrasting results. Indeed, there are selected ¹H MRS studies reporting deficits of key metabolites in GAD patients; however, collectively the literature remains mixed with respect to consistency of major findings...
August 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776350/comparison-of-baseline-characteristics-between-community-based-and-hospital-based-suicidal-ideators-and-its-implications-for-tailoring-strategies-for-suicide-prevention-korean-cohort-for-the-model-predicting-a-suicide-and-suicide-related-behavior
#9
C Hyung Keun Park, Jae Won Lee, Sang Yeol Lee, Jungjoon Moon, Se Hoon Shim, Jong Woo Paik, Shin Gyeom Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Min Hyuk Kim, Seokho Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Sungeun You, Hong Jin Jeon, Yong Min Ahn
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to identify distinguishing factors between populations with suicidal ideation recruited from hospitals and communities to make an efficient allocation of limited anti-suicidal resources according to group differences. We analyzed the baseline data from 120 individuals in a community-based cohort (CC) and 137 individuals in a hospital-based cohort (HC) with suicidal ideation obtained from the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior (K-COMPASS) study...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768346/-psychotherapy-with-adjuvant-use-of-serotonergic-psychoactive-substances-possibilities-and-challenges
#10
Tomislav Majić, Henrik Jungaberle, Timo T Schmidt, Andrea Zeuch, Leo Hermle, Jürgen Gallinat
Background Recently, scientific interest in the therapeutic potential of serotonergic and psilocybin hallucinogens (psychedelics) such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and entactogens like 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) within the framework of psychotherapy has resumed. The present article provides an overview on the current evidence on substance-assisted psychotherapy with these substances. Method A selective search was carried out in the PubMed and Cochrane Library including studies investigating the clinical use of serotonergic psychoactive substances since 2000...
July 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767318/the-gut-microbiome-and-mental-health-implications-for-anxiety-and-trauma-related-disorders
#11
Stefanie Malan-Muller, Mireia Valles-Colomer, Jeroen Raes, Christopher A Lowry, Soraya Seedat, Sian M J Hemmings
Biological psychiatry research has long focused on the brain in elucidating the neurobiological mechanisms of anxiety- and trauma-related disorders. This review challenges this assumption and suggests that the gut microbiome and its interactome also deserve attention to understand brain disorders and develop innovative treatments and diagnostics in the 21st century. The recent, in-depth characterization of the human microbiome spurred a paradigm shift in human health and disease. Animal models strongly suggest a role for the gut microbiome in anxiety- and trauma-related disorders...
August 2, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758586/effects-of-the-disease-characteristics-and-the-treatment-on-psychological-status-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#12
Selin Aktürk Esen, İrfan Esen, Yusuf Karabulut, Volkan Atmiş
INTRODUCTION: Various psychiatric disorders, especially depression and anxiety, are seen in 2/3 of the chronic rheumatic diseases with chronic pain. In this study, we aimed to define the effect of the disease variables and the treatment on depression and anxiety in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. METHOD: 46 patients with RA, 43 patients with AS and 29 healthy volunteers were evaluated with Beck Depression Inventory (BAI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
July 28, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755757/understanding-eating-disorders-within-internalizing-psychopathology-a-novel-transdiagnostic-hierarchical-dimensional-model
#13
Kelsie T Forbush, Kelsey E Hagan, Benjamin A Kite, Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Sara R Gould
BACKGROUND: Several problems with the classification and diagnosis of eating disorders (EDs) have been identified, including proliferation of 'other specified' diagnoses, within-disorder heterogeneity, and frequent diagnostic migration over time. Beyond problems within EDs, past research suggested that EDs fit better in a spectrum of internalizing psychopathology (characterized by mood and anxiety disorders) than in a separate diagnostic class. PURPOSE: To develop a transdiagnostic, hierarchical-dimensional model relevant to ED psychopathology that: 1) reduces diagnostic heterogeneity, 2) includes important dimensions of internalizing psychopathology that are often excluded from ED diagnostic models, and 3) predicts clinical impairment...
June 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746324/assessment-of-automatic-thoughts-in-patients-with-depressive-illness-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nepal
#14
M Rana, S Sthapit, V D Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive functions have significant influence on psycho-social and general wellbeing. The quality, content and processing of negative thoughts initiate depressive symptoms; i.e. low mood, decreased self-worth and diminished interest in pleasurable activities. The study assessed the automatic thoughts of patients having depressive illness and evaluated and compared the changes after therapy; i.e. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. METHODS: Diagnosed cases of depressive illness (n=135), according to ICD-10 and study criteria, attending the out-patient clinic of Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, were included...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744937/differences-in-clinical-intrusive-thoughts-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-hypochondria
#15
Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Antonio Godoy-Ávila, Aurora Gavino-Lázaro, Mark H Freeston
Differences and similarities between intrusive thoughts typical of obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and hypochondriasis are relevant for their differential diagnosis, formulation, and psychological treatment. Previous research in non-clinical samples pointed out the relevance of some process variables, such as responsibility, guilt, or neutralization strategies. This research is aimed to investigate the differences and similarities between clinical obsessions, worries, and illness intrusions in some of these process variables...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735779/a-systematic-review-of-variables-associated-with-sleep-paralysis
#16
REVIEW
Dan Denis, Christopher C French, Alice M Gregory
Sleep paralysis is a relatively common but under-researched phenomenon. While the causes are unknown, a number of studies have investigated potential risk factors. In this article, we conducted a systematic review on the available literature regarding variables associated with both the frequency and intensity of sleep paralysis episodes. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. For each study, sample size, study site, sex and age of participants, sleep paralysis measure, and results of analyses looking at the relationship(s) between sleep paralysis and associated variable(s) were extracted...
June 8, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#17
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734750/deconstructing-stigma-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-an-exploratory-study
#19
Gregg H Rawlings, Ian Brown, Markus Reuber
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are classified as a mental disorder, the manifestations of which superficially resemble epileptic seizures. There is a notable lack of in-depth qualitative or quantitative studies investigating the stigma attached to PNES. The current study is an exploratory analysis into the nature of perceived stigma in those with PNES when compared with individuals with epilepsy. Individuals with epilepsy (n=78) and PNES (n=47) were recruited from a United Kingdom hospital or membership-led organizations for individuals living with seizures...
July 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#20
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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