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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#1
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099039/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-depression-depressive-illness-and-correlates-in-a-child-and-adolescent-population
#2
Renata Rizzo, Mariangela Gulisano, Davide Martino, Mary May Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) and depression are both common disorders. It has been suggested that depression occurs in 13%-76% GTS patients. Despite this, there are few studies into the specific relationships and correlates between the two disorders. There is only some consensus as to the precise relationship between the two disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook the study to investigate the relationship between depressive symptomatology and the core clinical features of GTS in a well-characterized clinical population of youth with this disorder...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096875/sensory-processing-disorders-are-associated-with-duration-of-current-episode-and-severity-of-side-effects
#3
Gianluca Serafini, Batya Engel-Yeger, Gustavo H Vazquez, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
OBJECTIVE: Longer duration of untreated illness, longer duration of current episode, and the severity of medication side effects may negatively impact on the perceived disability and psychosocial impairment of patients with major affective and anxiety disorders. Studies also suggested the involvement of sensory perception in emotional and psychopathological processes. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between Sensory Processing Disorders (SPD), duration of untreated illness and current illness episode, and the severity of side effects related to psychoactive medications...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095477/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013
#4
Raghid Charara, Mohammad Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashkan Afshin, Theo Vos, Farah Daoud, Haidong Wang, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ibrahim Khalil, Randah R Hamadeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Yousef Khader, Nawal Al-Hamad, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Anwar Rafay, Rana Asghar, Saleem M Rana, Amira Shaheen, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdullatif Husseini, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Tawfik Khoja, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Mohamed Hsairi, Mahmoud A Alomari, Raghib Ali, Gholamreza Roshandel, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Samer Hamidi, Amany H Refaat, Ronny Westerman, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali S Akanda, Syed Danish Ali, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Imad A D Faghmous, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Jost B Jonas, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Alem Mehari, Saad B Omer, Farshad Pourmalek, Olalekan A Uthman, Ali A Mokdad, Fadi T Maalouf, Foad Abd-Allah, Nadia Akseer, Dinesh Arya, Rohan Borschmann, Alexandra Brazinova, Traolach S Brugha, Ferrán Catalá-López, Louisa Degenhardt, Alize Ferrari, Josep Maria Haro, Masako Horino, John C Hornberger, Hsiang Huang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Philip B Mitchell, George Patton, Rajesh Sagar, Maheswar Satpathy, Kim Savuon, Soraya Seedat, Ivy Shiue, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Dan J Stein, Karen M Tabb, Harvey A Whiteford, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086934/electroacupuncture-plus-moxibustion-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mikyung Kim, Eun-Ji Choi, Sung-Phil Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Ae-Ran Kim, Bok-Nam Seo, O-Jin Kwon, Jung Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders and has a significant societal economic burden. Antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy are two primary interventions for the standardized treatment of MDD. However, their weaknesses, such as a low response rate, a high risk of adverse events from medication, and the high cost of cognitive behavioral therapy, have resulted in a need for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066004/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-cancer-patients-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Mohan Roy Gopalan, Vidhukumar Karunakaran, Anil Prabhakaran, Krishnannair Lalithamma Jayakumar
AIM: To study the prevalence of Psychiatric disorders in cancer patients and to find out the factors associated with Psychiatric disorders in Cancer Patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Department of Radiotherapy, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, cross sectional survey design was used. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Adult patients (18 years of age and above), having a diagnosis of carcinoma were selected by consecutive sampling method.A questionnaire which included back ground data, socio economic variables, treatment variables like type of malignancy, exposure to radiation & chemotherapy prior to the evaluation and current treatment, co occurring medical illness & treatment and past & family history of psychiatric illness was used to collect data...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061976/neuroendocrine-underpinnings-of-increased-risk-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-women
#7
M A Briscione, V Michopoulos, T Jovanovic, S D Norrholm
Women are particularly vulnerable to the effects of psychological trauma and the development of trauma-, stressor-, and anxiety-related mental illnesses such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the current chapter, we examine the female hormonal systems that interact with psychobiological stress response systems to elicit maladaptive behavior and mental disease states in traumatized female populations. In addition, we provide a contemporary translational example of a stress vulnerability genomic profile (coding for pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide) that may underlie the specific susceptibilities observed in women...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056066/what-do-patients-think-about-the-cause-of-their-mental-disorder-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-causal-beliefs-of-mental-disorder-in-inpatients-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#8
Julia Luise Magaard, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
BACKGROUND: Patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorders are important for treatment because they affect illness-related behaviours. However, there are few studies exploring patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorder. OBJECTIVES: (a) To qualitatively explore patients' causal beliefs of their mental disorder, (b) to explore frequencies of patients stating causal beliefs, and (c) to investigate differences of causal beliefs according to patients' primary diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051028/influence-of-marital-status-on-the-quality-of-life-of-chinese-adult-patients-with-epilepsy
#9
Fu-Li Wang, Xiang-Min Gu, Bao-Yun Hao, Shan Wang, Ze-Jie Chen, Cheng-Yun Ding
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder characterized by recurrent seizures and has significant psychological and social consequence for everyday living. Epilepsy affects various aspects of ones' social life. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of marital status on the quality of life of adult Chinese patients with epilepsy. METHODS: This study surveyed 805 Chinese adults who have been clinically diagnosed with epilepsy for longer than 1 year in 11 hospitals in Beijing...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049545/portuguese-validation-of-the-prolonged-grief-disorder-questionnaire-predeath-pg-12-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#10
Alexandra Coelho, Cláudia Silva, António Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to contribute to the validation of the Portuguese version of the Prolonged Grief Disorder Questionnaire-Predeath (PG-12), examining its psychometric properties, including factorial, discriminant, and predictive validity. The prevalence of predeath prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and its psychosocial correlates were also analyzed. METHOD: The PG-12 was assessed in a sample of family caregivers (FCs) of oncological patients in palliative care...
January 4, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044944/a-pragmatic-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-mixed-features-in-adults-with-mood-disorders
#11
Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Rodrigo B Mansur
Mixed features specifier (MFS) is a new nosological entity defined and operationalized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 5th Edition. The impetus to introduce the MFS and supplant mixed states was protean, including the lack of ecological validity, high rates of misdiagnosis, and guideline discordant treatment for mixed states. Mixed features specifier identifies a phenotype in psychiatry with greater illness burden, as evidenced by earlier age at onset, higher episode frequency and chronicity, psychiatric and medical comorbidity, suicidality, and suboptimal response to conventional antidepressants...
December 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041823/changes-in-levels-of-parental-distress-after-their-child-with-atypical-genitalia-undergoes-genitoplasty
#12
Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Amy B Wisniewski, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Larry L Mullins
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) and atypical genitalia can be traumatizing and isolating for families. Parents of children with DSD are at risk for increased levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, illness uncertainty (IU), post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and impairments in quality of life (QOL). Our previous report indicated that although the majority of parents of children with atypical genitalia were coping well prior to the child's genitoplasty, approximately 25% of them reported experiencing some type of psychological distress...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#13
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030575/time-course-of-leptin-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-during-inpatient-treatment-longitudinal-relationships-to-bmi-and-psychological-factors
#14
Esther Stroe-Kunold, Magdalena Buckert, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Daniela Wesche, Stefan Kopf, Wolfgang Herzog, Beate Wild
BACKGROUND: Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipose tissue, appears to play a major role in the homeostasis of body weight and psychobiological processes associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is scarce data on its exact influence on this disorder, in particular data over time. OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses whether leptin changes during inpatient treatment play a role for treatment outcome and psychological factors in underweight AN patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018696/alagille-syndrome-a-case-report-highlighting-dysmorphic-facies-chronic-illness-and-depression
#15
James J Bresnahan, Zachary A Winthrop, Rabia Salman, Salman Majeed
Alagille syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder affecting the liver, heart, vertebrae, eyes, and face. Alagille syndrome shares multiple phenotypic variants of other congenital or chronic childhood illnesses such as DiGeorge syndrome, Down syndrome, spina bifida, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and cystic fibrosis. All of these chronic illnesses have well-established links to psychiatric conditions. There are few community resources for Alagille patients, as it is an extremely rare condition. Despite the overlap with other chronic childhood illnesses, the psychiatric manifestations of Alagille syndrome have not been previously discussed in literature...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011446/transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-in-adult-patients-with-emotional-disorders-in-the-primary-care-setting-psicap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Antonio Cano-Vindel, Roger Muñoz-Navarro, Cristina Mae Wood, Joaquín T Limonero, Leonardo Adrián Medrano, Paloma Ruiz-Rodríguez, Irene Gracia-Gracia, Esperanza Dongil-Collado, Iciar Iruarrizaga, Fernando Chacón, Francisco Santolaya
BACKGROUND: Demand for primary care (PC) services in Spain exceeds available resources. Part of this strong demand is due to the high prevalence of emotional disorders (EDs)-anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorders-and related comorbidities such as pain or chronic illnesses. EDs are often under- or misdiagnosed by general practitioners (GPs) and, consequently, treatment is frequently inadequate. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness of group-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (TD-CBT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) in the treatment of EDs in the PC setting in Spain...
December 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011408/measurement-of-fidgeting-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-using-a-novel-shoe-based-monitor
#17
Lauren Belak, Loren Gianini, Diane A Klein, Edward Sazonov, Kathryn Keegan, Esther Neustadt, B Timothy Walsh, Evelyn Attia
OBJECTIVE: To objectively assess seated non-exercise physical activity in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) relative to healthy controls (HCs) and examine the associations between this physical activity, eating disorder pathology, and levels of anxiety and depression. METHOD: Eleven inpatients with AN and 10 HCs wore a shoe-based accelerometer (SmartShoe) at three time points: a) while eating lunch, b) filling out questionnaires, and c) watching television for 1h...
December 9, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993258/-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-colombia-results-from-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#18
Alvaro Arenas, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martin Rondón
INTRODUCTION: Suicidal behaviour leads to a significant cause of mortality in the world. It is important to know the factors associated with this behaviour in order to design public health policies that may decrease its incidence. OBJECTIVE: Describe the results of the Colombian National Survey of Mental Health related to suicidal behaviour in adults. RESULTS: It was observed that 5.5% (95% CI, 4.5-6.7) of men and 7.6% (95% CI, 6.6-8.7) of women had suicidal thoughts...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992810/age-at-menarche-predicts-age-at-onset-of-major-affective-and-anxiety-disorders
#19
L Tondo, M Pinna, G Serra, L De Chiara, R J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Menarche age has been associated inconsistently with the occurrence, timing or severity of major depressive disorder (MDD), but rarely studied in women with bipolar (BDs) or anxiety disorders. METHODS: We investigated women patients at a Sardinian mood disorder center for associations of age at menarche with age at illness onset for major affective or anxiety disorders, year of birth, and other selected factors, using bivariate comparisons and multivariate regression modeling...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992092/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-perspectives-for-the-use-of-deep-brain-stimulation
#20
REVIEW
Roman Reznikov, Clement Hamani
OBJECTIVES: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has been either approved or is currently under investigation for a number of psychiatric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We review clinical and preclinical concepts as well as the neurocircuitry that may be of relevance for the implementation of DBS in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). RESULTS: PTSD is a chronic and debilitating illness associated with dysfunction in well-established neural circuits, including the amygdala and prefrontal cortex...
January 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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