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Illness Anxiety Disorder

Arash Nayeri, Eric Rafla-Yuan, Srikanth Krishnan, Boback Ziaeian, Martin Cadeiras, John A McPherson, Quinn S Wells
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC), also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy, has been increasingly described in relation to psychiatric illness. METHODS: We performed a literature review to identify the key findings related to psychiatric illness in TC that may be relevant to the practice of mental health and other health care providers. RESULTS: The association of psychiatric illness with TC in addition to the spectrum of psychiatric illness found in TC, the role of exacerbation or treatment of psychiatric illness in triggering TC, different modes of presentation, prognostic implications, and long-term management of psychiatric illness in TC are discussed...
February 2, 2018: Psychosomatics
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mercedes Echevarria, Margaret Dreker, Sevara Ruzehaji
The findings can facilitate earlier recognition and prevention of pediatric delirium. ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the evidence regarding the risk factors for and characteristics of acute pediatric delirium in hospitalized children. METHODS: The systematic review method within an epidemiological framework of person, place, and time was used. Fifty-two studies were selected for initial retrieval. Of these, after assessment for methodological quality, 21 studies involving 2,616 subjects were included in the review...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Juliana Brum Moraes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, George Anderson, Marta Kubera, Andre F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Early life trauma (ELT) may increase the risk towards bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), disorders associated with activated neuro-oxidative and neuro-nitrosative stress (O&NS) pathways. It has remained elusive whether ELTs are associated with O&NS and which ELTs are associated with distinct affective disorder phenotypes. This case-control study examined patients with BD (n = 68) and MDD (n = 37) and healthy controls (n = 66). The Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to assess specific ELT...
March 14, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Sagar V Parikh, Ayal Schaffer, David J Bond, Benicio N Frey, Verinder Sharma, Benjamin I Goldstein, Soham Rej, Serge Beaulieu, Martin Alda, Glenda MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun Ravindran, Claire O'Donovan, Diane McIntosh, Raymond W Lam, Gustavo Vazquez, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Jan Kozicky, Shigenobu Kanba, Beny Lafer, Trisha Suppes, Joseph R Calabrese, Eduard Vieta, Gin Malhi, Robert M Post, Michael Berk
The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) previously published treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder in 2005, along with international commentaries and subsequent updates in 2007, 2009, and 2013. The last two updates were published in collaboration with the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD). These 2018 CANMAT and ISBD Bipolar Treatment Guidelines represent the significant advances in the field since the last full edition was published in 2005, including updates to diagnosis and management as well as new research into pharmacological and psychological treatments...
March 14, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Azmeta Chowdhary, Victoria Zlotnikova, Cherie Lucas, John M Lonie
In any given year approximately 34% of the 130 million adults in the United States suffer from a mental health condition or disorder. Anxiety and depressive disorders are the most common followed by substance use disorder. Many people who suffer from a mental illness do not seek help. Studies have shown that the stigma of being perceived as having a mental illness prevents many adults from seeking help. Mental Health First Aid ™ (MHFA) is an educational program geared towards educating MHFA responders to assist those who may be experiencing a mental health condition or disorder...
February 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
A-S Le Provost, B Loddé, J Pietri, L De Parscau, L Pougnet, J-D Dewitte, R Pougnet
INTRODUCTION: Suffering at work among health professionals is a hot topic. Medical students, doctors of tomorrow, are far from being spared. Prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders range from 20.3 to 69 % for the former and from 12 to 30 % for the latter. The purpose of this article is to determine these factors by qualitative research, according to medical students' points of view. METHODS: It is a qualitative study using semistructured interviews. The analysis is done according to the Grounded Theory...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Samiullah Samiullah, Michael Malone, Abdul Waheed
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are among the most challenging conditions to diagnose and manage. FGIDs are a heterogeneous group of conditions with varying and sometimes vague symptomatology. The Rome IV classification is the most comprehensive resource on FGIDs. FGIDs are common and are associated with significant social and economic burdens. The patient perspective includes anxiety, emotional distress, and mistrust of health care. Psychological stressors and concomitant psychiatric illness are common but not always present...
March 2018: FP Essentials
J Contreras, E Hare, G Chavarría-Soley, H Raventós
BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have been consistent that bipolar disorder type I (BPI) runs in families and that this familial aggregation is strongly influenced by genes. In a preliminary study, we proved that anxiety trait meets endophenotype criteria for BPI. METHODS: We assessed 619 individuals from the Central Valley of Costa Rica (CVCR) who have received evaluation for anxiety following the same methodological procedure used for the initial pilot study. Our goal was to conduct a multipoint quantitative trait linkage analysis to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to anxiety trait in subjects with BPI...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Sam Norton, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Ken Farrington, Hope Clayton, Joseph Chilcot
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms in end-stage kidney disease, particularly among in-centre haemodialysis patients. This two-arm parallel group feasibility randomised controlled trial will determine whether a fully powered efficacy trial is achievable by examining the feasibility of recruitment, acceptability and potential benefits of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention for fatigue among in-centre haemodialysis patients. METHODS: We aim to recruit 40 adult patients undergoing in-centre haemodialysis at secondary care outpatient dialysis units, who meet clinical levels of fatigue...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Shlomo Yeshurun, Anthony J Hannan
In recent years, striking new evidence has demonstrated non-genetic inheritance of acquired traits associated with parental environmental exposures. In particular, this transgenerational modulation of phenotypic traits is of direct relevance to psychiatric disorders, including depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other anxiety disorders. Here we review the recent progress in this field, with an emphasis on acquired traits of psychiatric illnesses transmitted epigenetically via the male lineage. We discuss the transgenerational effects of paternal exposure to stress vs...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Paul O Wilkinson, Tianyou Qiu, Sharon Neufeld, Peter B Jones, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescents and may be a behavioural marker for emergent mental illnesses. Aims To determine whether sporadic or recurrent NSSI up to the age of 14 years predicted increased risk of new onset of psychiatric disorder in the subsequent 3 years, independent of psychiatric symptoms and social risk factors. METHOD: In total, 945 individuals aged 14 years with no past/present history of mental illness completed a clinical interview and completed a questionnaire about NSSI at the ages of 14 and 17 years...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Catharina Strid, Claes Andersson, Agneta Öjehagen
OBJECTIVES: Hazardous drinking could negatively affect health and lead to alcohol use disorders, but it is unclear how hazardous drinking affects treatment outcomes of depression and anxiety and stress-related mental health problems. The aim of this study was to examine whether hazardous drinking, measured by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C), influences the outcomes of repeated assessments of psychological functioning (Outcome Questionnaire-45), stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and sleep (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), during and after treatment in patients with mental ill health...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
John Grundy, Kon Mouzakis, Rajesh Vasa, Andrew Cain, Maheswaree Curumsing, Mohamed Abdelrazek, Niroshine Fernando
By the 2050, it is estimated that the proportion of people over the age of 80 will have risen from 3.9% to 9.1% of population of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. A large proportion of these people will need significant help to manage various chronic illnesses, including dementia, heart disease, diabetes, limited physical movement and many others. Current approaches typically focus on acute episodes of illness and are not well designed to provide adequately for daily living care support...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Rebecca A Johnson, David L Albright, James R Marzolf, Jessica L Bibbo, Hayley D Yaglom, Sandra M Crowder, Gretchen K Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman, Nathan Harms
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symptoms and increase veterans' coping. PTSD includes anxiety, flashbacks, and emotional numbing. The symptoms increase health care costs for stress-related illnesses and can make veterans' civilian life difficult. METHODS: We used a randomized wait-list controlled design with repeated measures of U...
January 19, 2018: Military Medical Research
Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
BACKGROUND: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran...
September 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
Ingunn Ranøyen, Stian Lydersen, Tricia L Larose, Bernhard Weidle, Norbert Skokauskas, Per Hove Thomsen, Jan Wallander, Marit S Indredavik
Anxiety and depression are often co-occurring disorders, reflecting both homotypic and heterotypic continuity as possible developmental pathways. The present study aimed to examine homotypic and heterotypic continuities of anxiety and depression across 3 years in adolescence and young adulthood. Participants included patients presenting to psychiatric care with diagnoses of anxiety and/or depressive disorders aged 13-18 at T1 (N = 717, 44% initial participation rate) and aged 16-21 at T2 (N = 549, 80% follow-up participation rate)...
March 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Paul Hüsing, Bernd Löwe, Katharina Piontek, Meike Shedden-Mora
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with somatoform disorders are frequent attenders in primary and secondary care. While co-morbid mental disorders, especially depression and anxiety, are frequently present, there is controversy on whether mental co-morbidity leads to higher health care utilization (HCU). The present paper investigates the influence of co-morbid depressive and anxiety disorders on primary, specialized somatic and mental HCU in primary care patients with somatoform disorders...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Susanne Worrack, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Gerd Fabian Volk, Magdalena C Kaczmarek, Julia Mühleck, Katja Brenk-Franz, Bernhard M Strauß, Uwe Altmann
BACKGROUND: Facial palsy (FP) is a paralysis of facial muscles and one of the most common motor failures. It is associated with intense impairment of health related quality of life and depressive symptoms. Sleep disorders as a result of FP are often attributed to illness-related impairments, although psychosocial problems might also be the cause. This study examined the direct and indirect effects of FP on sleep quality. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study included N = 81 patients with FP...
March 1, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Francesco Ferraguti
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent psychiatric illnesses posing an important social and economic burden. Their current pharmacotherapy shows short term efficacy, though nearly one third of patients do not achieve sustained remission. There is, therefore, a strong medical need for new therapeutic agents acting through novel mechanisms of action. Considerable work has focused on metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors as potential targets for novel anxiolytics. Ligands acting at mGlu receptors showed promising results in preclinical studies, whereas their efficacy was dubious in clinical trials...
February 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
Lauren Breisinger, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline
The intensive care unit (ICU) can be a place of stress, anxiety, and emotional instability for both patients and families. Medical and nursing care during this acute time is patient focused, and family members are often left in the dark. Unintentional exclusion from information results in high levels of stress, anxiety, and uncertainty for families. Due to the acuity of illness, family members of cardiac surgery patients experience the highest levels of stress. Spouses may experience intense psychosomatic symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and fear for several months after the surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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