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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936622/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-bipolar-high-risk-offspring-and-siblings-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Phoebe Lau, David J Hawes, Caroline Hunt, Andrew Frankland, Gloria Roberts, Philip B Mitchell
This meta-analysis aimed to update existing data on the comparison of prevalence rates of psychopathology primarily among offspring with at least one parent with bipolar disorder (BD) and offspring of parents without psychiatric illness. Seventeen studies were derived from a systematic search of PsychInfo, Medline, Scopus and Embase. Inclusion criteria were use of a control offspring group, standardized diagnostic procedures and reporting of clear frequency data. Risk of psychopathology was estimated by aggregating frequency data from selected studies...
September 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#3
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#4
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927484/validation-of-telephone-based-behavioral-assessments-in-aging-services-clients
#5
Yeates Conwell, Adam Simning, Nicole Driffill, Yinglin Xia, Xin Tu, Susan P Messing, David Oslin
BACKGROUND: The Behavioral Health Laboratory (BHL), a telephone-based mental health assessment, is a cost-effective approach that can improve mental illness identification and management. The individual BHL instruments, which were originally designed to be administered in-person, have not yet been validated with an in-person BHL assessment. This study therefore aims to characterize the concordance between the BHL data gathered by telephone and in-person interviews. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with English-speaking aging services network (ASN) clients aged 60 years and older in Monroe County, NY who were randomized to a BHL interview either in-person (n = 55) or by telephone (n = 53)...
September 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#6
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899184/the-broken-self-injured-states-in-the-transference-countertransference-matrix
#7
Barbara Reichenthal
Themes of injury and injuredness reverberate throughout the treatment of patients categorized as having disorders of the self. Aspects of the various identifications that these patients may make with clinicians who are visibly physically handicapped from the outset of treatment are explored. Vignettes from psychoanalytically informed psychotherapies conducted at frequencies of up to three times weekly reveal how these identifications are used to externalize a sense of internal psychic impairment and to shed defective introjects in an attempt to preserve a faltering self...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886563/prenatal-anxiety-effects-a-review
#8
Tiffany Field
This review is based on literature on prenatal anxiety effects that was found on Pubmed and PsycINFO for the years 2010-2016. Prenatal anxiety is thought to have distinct features, although it has been measured both by specific prenatal anxiety symptoms as well as by standardized anxiety scales. Its prevalence has ranged from 21 to 25% and it has been predicted by a number of pregnancy - related variables such as unintended pregnancy, demographic variables such as low acculturation and income and psychosocial factors including pessimism and partner tension...
September 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#9
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881320/frequency-and-predictors-of-psychological-distress-after-a-diagnosis-of-epilepsy-a-community-based-study
#10
Ying Xu, Maree L Hackett, Nick Glozier, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Ernest Somerville, John Lawson, Stephen Jan, Lorne Hyde, Lisa Todd, Alexandra Martiniuk, Carol Ireland, Craig S Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and predictors of psychological distress after a diagnosis of epilepsy. METHODS: The Sydney Epilepsy Incidence Study to Measure Illness Consequences (SEISMIC) was a prospective, multicenter, community-based study of people of all ages with newly diagnosed epilepsy in Sydney, Australia. Analyses involved multivariate logistic regression and multinomial logit regression to identify predictors of psychological distress, assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), as part of structured interviews...
September 4, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881294/sleep-disturbance-may-impact-treatment-outcome-in-bipolar-disorder-a-preliminary-investigation-in-the-context-of-a-large-comparative-effectiveness-trial
#11
Louisa G Sylvia, Weilynn C Chang, Masoud Kamali, Mauricio Tohen, Gustavo Kinrys, Thilo Deckersbach, Joseph R Calabrese, Michael E Thase, Noreen Reilly-Harrington, William V Bobo, James H Kocsis, Melvin G McInnis, Charles L Bowden, Terence A Ketter, Edward S Friedman, Richard C Shelton, Susan L McElroy, Keming Gao, Dustin J Rabideau, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: Bipolar patients experience sleep disturbances during and between mood episodes. Yet the impact of sleep on treatment with different medications has not been fully explored. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential impact of poor sleep at baseline on outcomes in a randomized effectiveness trial of quetiapine and lithium. METHODS: The Bipolar CHOICE study was a 6-month, parallel group, multisite randomized controlled trial. Participants with bipolar disorder (N = 482; 59% female and age 18-70 years) received quetiapine or lithium...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880494/clinical-psychopathology-in-youth-at-familial-high-risk-for-psychosis
#12
Jai L Shah, Neeraj Tandon, Debra M Montrose, Diana Mermon, Shaun M Eack, Jean Miewald, Matcheri S Keshavan
AIM: While the course of psychopathology has been explored from an index mental health diagnosis onwards, there are few detailed, prospective studies of the occurrence of clinical psychopathology in youth with familial risk for severe mental illnesses such as psychosis. We sought to describe the appearance of Axis I psychopathology in a unique sample of adolescents with a family history of schizophrenia (FHR). METHODS: One hundred and sixty two first- and second-degree relatives (mean age 15...
September 7, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877841/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-in-medical-patients-champ-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-outcomes-to-5-years
#13
Peter Tyrer, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Duolao Wang, Michael J Crawford, Simon Dupont, Sylvia Cooper, John Green, David Murphy, Georgina Smith, Sharandeep Bhogal, Shaeda Nourmand, Valentina Lazarevic, Gemma Loebenberg, Rachel Evered, Stephanie Kings, Antoinette McNulty, Yvonne Lisseman-Stones, Sharon McAllister, Kofi Kramo, Jessica Nagar, Steven Reid, Rahil Sanatinia, Katherine Whittamore, Gemma Walker, Aaron Philip, Hilary Warwick, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871021/effectiveness-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-pain-management-emotional-regulation-and-promotion-of-quality-of-life-among-adult-portuguese-men-with-haemophilia-psy-haemopeq-study-protocol-for-a-single-centre-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Patrícia Ribeiro Pinto, Ana Cristina Paredes, Patrício Costa, Manuela Carvalho, Manuela Lopes, Susana Fernandes, Susana Pedras, Armando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with significant pain, emotional distress, quality of life (QoL) impairment and considerable healthcare costs. Psychosocial health and effective pain management are considered essential end points for optimal haemophilia care, but there is a significant gap in evidence-based treatments targeting these outcomes in people with haemophilia (PWH). Psychological interventions are cost-effective in promoting emotional well-being, QoL and pain control, although these have been scarcely used in haemophilia field...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870488/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-success-rates-of-hepatitis-c-treatment
#15
Maria Janda, Kari A Mergenhagen
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to determine which psychosocial factors interfere with patients reaching sustained virologic response (SVR), a marker for hepatitis C virus eradication. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed between January 6, 2015 and February 24, 2016. The primary outcome was to assess which social and psychological factors may interfere with patients reaching SVR. SVR was defined as having an undetectable viral load 12 weeks after the completion of the treatment regimen...
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867942/behavioral-methods-to-study-anxiety-in-rodents
#16
Kimberly R Lezak, Galen Missig, William A Carlezon
Stress is a precipitating factor for anxiety-related disorders, which are among the leading forms of psychiatric illness and impairment in the modern world. Rodent-based behavioral tests and models are widely used to understand the mechanisms by which stress triggers anxiety-related behaviors and to identify new treatments for anxiety-related disorders. Although substantial progress has been made and many of the key neural circuits and molecular pathways mediating stress responsiveness have been characterized, these advances have thus far failed to translate into fundamentally new treatments that are safer and more efficacious in humans...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#17
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867934/treatment-of-anxiety-disorders
#18
Borwin Bandelow, Sophie Michaelis, Dirk Wedekind
Anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder/agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, and others) are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, and are associated with a high burden of illness. Anxiety disorders are often underrecognized and undertreated in primary care. Treatment is indicated when a patient shows marked distress or suffers from complications resulting from the disorder. The treatment recommendations given in this article are based on guidelines, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews of randomized controlled studies...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867421/dsm-5-illness-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptom-disorder-comorbidity-correlates-and-overlap-with-dsm-iv-hypochondriasis
#19
Jill M Newby, Megan J Hobbs, Alison E J Mahoney, Shiu Kelvin Wong, Gavin Andrews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability, validity and utility of DSM-5 illness anxiety disorder (IAD) and somatic symptom disorder (SSD), and explore their overlap with DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in a health anxious sample. METHODS: Treatment-seeking patients with health anxiety (N=118) completed structured diagnostic interviews to assess DSM-IV Hypochondriasis, DSM-5 IAD, SSD, and comorbid mental disorders, and completed self-report measures of health anxiety, comorbid symptoms, cognitions and behaviours, and service utilization...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867407/childhood-adversities-and-clinical-symptomatology-in-first-episode-psychosis
#20
Maija Lindgren, Teemu Mäntylä, Eva Rikandi, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Tuula Kieseppä, Outi Mantere, Jaana Suvisaari
In addition to severe traumatic experiences, milder, more common childhood adversities reflecting psychosocial burden may also be common in people with psychotic disorders and have an effect on symptomatology and functioning. We explored eleven negative childhood experiences and their influence on clinical symptoms among young adults with first-episode psychosis (FEP, n = 75) and matched population controls (n = 51). Individuals with FEP reported more adversities than controls. Specifically serious conflicts within the family, bullying at school, maternal mental health problems, and one's own and parents' serious illness during childhood were experienced by the patients more often than by controls...
August 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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