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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766929/sleep-disorders-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-questionnaire-based-study-from-india
#1
Samhita Panda, Mandaville Gourie-Devi, Ankkita Sharma
Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relatively rare neurological disorder affecting upper and lower motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord with survival for 3-5 years and rarely beyond 10 years. Sleep disturbances in ALS are underreported and undertreated and there is no related data from India. This study aimed to assess the frequency of sleep disorders in patients of ALS and their determinants. Methods: Patients with definite and probable ALS as per the El Escorial criteria were recruited from May 2014 to April 2016...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#2
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756588/toward-a-shared-care-model-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-role-of-the-primary-care-practitioner
#4
Jiwon Oh, Marie-Sarah Gagné-Brosseau, Melanie Guenette, Catherine Larochelle, François Lemieux, Suresh Menon, Sarah A Morrow, Laurence Poliquin-Lasnier, Chantal Roy-Hewitson, Carolina Rush, Anne-Marie Trudelle, Paul S Giacomini
The objective of this study was to develop a shared-care model to enable primary-care physicians to participate more fully in meeting the complex, multidisciplinary healthcare needs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: The design consisted of development of consensus recommendations and a shared-care algorithm. PARTICIPANTS: A working group of 11 Canadian neurologists involved in the management of patients with MS were included in this study. MAIN MESSAGE: The clinical management of patients with multiple sclerosis is increasing in complexity as new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) become available, and ongoing safety monitoring is required...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755581/gender-differences-and-risk-factors-for-smoking-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752303/typical-features-of-parkinson-disease-and-diagnostic-challenges-with-microdeletion-22q11-2
#6
Erik Boot, Nancy J Butcher, Sean Udow, Connie Marras, Kin Y Mok, Satoshi Kaneko, Matthew J Barrett, Paolo Prontera, Brian D Berman, Mario Masellis, Boris Dufournet, Karine Nguyen, Perrine Charles, Eugénie Mutez, Teodor Danaila, Aurélia Jacquette, Olivier Colin, Sophie Drapier, Michel Borg, Ania M Fiksinski, Elfi Vergaelen, Ann Swillen, Annick Vogels, Annika Plate, Claudia Perandones, Thomas Gasser, Kristien Clerinx, Frédéric Bourdain, Kelly Mills, Nigel M Williams, Nicholas W Wood, Jan Booij, Anthony E Lang, Anne S Bassett
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the natural history, diagnosis, and treatment response of Parkinson disease (PD) in individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), and to determine if these patients differ from those with idiopathic PD. METHODS: In this international observational study, we characterized the clinical and neuroimaging features of 45 individuals with 22q11.2DS and PD (mean follow-up 7.5 ± 4.1 years). RESULTS: 22q11.2DS PD had a typical male excess (32 male, 71...
May 11, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747614/there-is-more-to-mental-illness-than-negative-affect-comprehensive-temperament-profiles-in-depression-and-generalized-anxiety
#7
Irina Trofimova, William Sulis
BACKGROUND: Temperament and mental illness are thought to represent varying degrees along the same continuum of neurotransmitter imbalances. A taxonomy of temperament could provide the basis for a new taxonomy of mental illness. Most popular models of temperament, being based heavily on emotionality traits, show very poor ability to discriminate between mental disorders. The main goal of this study was to examine whether a temperament model based on modern neurophysiology and possessing an extensive set of non-emotionality traits provides better discrimination between Major Depression (MD), Generalized Anxiety (GAD) and Comorbid MD and GAD, in comparison to emotionality-based temperament models...
May 10, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744108/self-reported-fatigue-following-intensive-care-of-chronically-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
Background: Protracted treatment on intensive care unit (ICU) sets the patients at increased risk for the development of chronic critical illness (CCI). Muscular and cardio-respiratory deconditioning are common long-term sequelae, going along with a state of chronic fatigue. At present, findings regarding the frequency, long-term course, and associated factors of self-reported fatigue following ICU treatment of CCI patients are lacking. Methods: CCI patients with the diagnosis of critical illness polyneuropathy/myopathy (CIP/CIM) were assessed at three time points...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742940/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-anxiety-disorder-cause-or-consequence
#9
Alessandra das Graças Fedoce, Frederico Ferreira, Robert G Bota, Vicent Bonet-Costa, Patrick Y Sun, Kelvin J A Davies
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the USA affecting 18% of the population. The cause(s) of anxiety disorders is/are not completely clear, and research in the neurobiology of anxiety at the molecular level is still rather limited. Although mounting clinical and preclinical evidence now indicates that oxidative stress may be a major component of anxiety pathology, whether oxidative stress is the cause or consequence remains elusive. Studies conducted over the past few years suggest that anxiety disorders may be characterized by lowered antioxidant defenses and increased oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and nucleic acids...
May 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742217/long-term-psychological-outcome-after-discharge-from-intensive-care
#10
Sara Pereira, Sara Cavaco, Joana Fernandes, Inês Moreira, Eduarda Almeida, Filipa Seabra-Pereira, Heloísa Castro, Maria de Jesus Malheiro, Ana Filipa Cardoso, Irene Aragão, Teresa Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longterm psychological outcome in survivors of critical illness after intensive care unit discharge. METHODS: A prospective cohort of survivors admitted to a mixed intensive care unit between January and September 2010 was evaluated six months and five years after hospital discharge. The Dementia Rating Scale-2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Posttraumatic stress syndrome 14-questions inventory, the Euro Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5-D), and the Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) were assessed at both follow-up periods...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740264/-map-training-my-brain-%C3%A2-meditation-plus-aerobic-exercise-lessens-trauma-of-sexual-violence-more-than-either-activity-alone
#11
Tracey J Shors, Han Y M Chang, Emma M Millon
Sexual violence against women often leads to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental illness characterized by intrusive thoughts and memories about the traumatic event (Shors and Millon, 2016). These mental processes are obviously generated by the brain but often felt in the body. MAP Training My Brain ™ is a novel clinical intervention that combines mental training of the brain with physical training of the body (Curlik and Shors, 2013; Shors et al., 2014). Each training session begins with 20-min of sitting meditation, followed by 10-min of slow-walking meditation, and ending with 30-min of aerobic exercise at 60-80% of the maximum heart rate (see maptrainmybrain...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739520/the-place-for-psychodynamic-therapy-and-obstacles-to-its-provision
#12
REVIEW
Susan G Lazar
Psychodynamic treatment provides benefits for patients with personality disorders, chronic depressive and anxiety disorders, and chronic complex disorders, and its intensity and duration have independent positive effects. Obstacles to its provision include a bias privileging brief treatments, especially cognitive behavior therapy, seen as a gold standard of treatment, despite difficulties with the design of, and ability to generalize from, its supporting research and the diagnostic nosology of the illnesses studied...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736131/the-association-of-insight-and-change-in-insight-with-clinical-symptoms-in-depressed-inpatients
#13
Hongbo He, Qing Chang, Yarong Ma
Background: Lack of insight has been extensively studied and was found to be adversely correlated with impaired treatment compliance and worse long term clinical outcomes among patients with schizophrenia, while not much is known about this phenonmenon in patients with severe depression. Aim: To explore the correlates of insight and its relation to symptom changes among the most seriously ill patients with affective disorders, those who require hospitalization. Methods: Patients hospitalized in a large psychiatric hospital in south China with either major depressive disorder (MDD)(N=55) or bipolar depression (BD) (N=85) based on ICD-10 diagnostic criteria were assessed with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (ITAQ) one week after admission and at the time of discharge...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736129/analysis-of-misdiagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-in-an-outpatient-setting
#14
Hui Shen, Li Zhang, Chuchen Xu, Jinling Zhu, Meijuan Chen, Yiru Fang
Background: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness with a high misdiagnosis rate and commonly misdiagnosed as other mental disorders including depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and personality disorders, resulting in the mistreatment of clinical symptoms and increasing of recurrent episodes. Aims: To understand the reasons for misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder in an outpatient setting in order to help clinicians more clearly identify the disease and avoid diagnostic errors...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736067/mix-headache-a-valid-clinical-entity
#15
Tapas Kumar Aich, Uttam Gupta, Sandip Subedi
Background: Chronic daily headache (CDH) patients respond better with a combination of anti-migraine and anti-stress medications, irrespective of clinical diagnosis of chronic migraine (CM) or chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). Hypothesis: "CDH: Mix headache" type is a valid clinical entity. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 participants fulfilling the diagnosis of "primary CDH", aged between 15 and 55 years were taken up for the present study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732910/lurasidone-adjunctive-with-antidepressants-in-an-elderly-patient-with-severe-illness-anxiety-disorder
#16
Pei-Yin Pan, Chin-Bin Yeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730844/benzodiazepine-ingestion-as-a-way-to-die-by-suicide-and-related-safety-the-case-of-an-elderly-patient
#17
Laura Cremaschi, Benedetta Grancini, Vera De Carlo, Sara Pozzoli, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Benzodiazepines (BDZs) are widespread psychotropic compounds, often prescribed as first-line symptomatic option by general practitioners in patients with different psychiatric disorders. Sometimes, however, they contribute to delay the administration of the first appropriate psychopharmacological treatment, thus leading to a longer duration of untreated illness in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. The well-established pros of BDZs use in clinical practice include efficacy, rapidity of action, versatility, and safety...
May 5, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721364/audio-recording-for-independent-confirmation-of-clinical-assessments-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#18
Steven D Targum, Christopher Murphy, Jibran Khan, Laura Zumpano, Mark Whitlock, Arthur A Simen, Brendon Binneman
Objective : The assessment of patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) to deteremine whether a medication intervention is necessary is not always clear and might benefit from a second opinion. However, second opinions are time consuming, expensive, and not practical in most settings. We obtained independent, second opinion reviews of the primary clinician's assessment via audio-digital recording. Design : An audio-digital recording of key site-based assessments was used to generate site-independent "dual" reviews of the clinical presentation, symptom severity, and medication requirements of patients with GAD as part of the screening procedures for a clinical trial (ClinicalTrials...
April 1, 2018: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720133/evaluation-of-an-electronic-consultation-service-in-psychiatry-for-primary-care-providers
#19
Douglas Archibald, Julia Stratton, Clare Liddy, Rachel E Grant, Douglas Green, Erin J Keely
BACKGROUND: This study explores the effectiveness of an electronic consultation (eConsult) service between primary care providers and psychiatry, and the types and content of the clinical questions that were asked. METHODS: This is a retrospective eConsult review study. All eConsults directed to Psychiatry from July 2011 to January 2015 by Primary care providers were reviewed. Response time and the amount of time reported by the specialist to answer each eConsult was analyzed...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715609/the-impact-of-pre-and-perinatal-factors-on-psychopathology-in-adulthood
#20
Cecilia A Essau, Satoko Sasagawa, Peter M Lewinsohn, Paul Rohde
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that pre- and post-natal factors are associated with a wide range of psychopathology in offspring during childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVE: The main aims of the present study were to examine the associations between pre- and perinatal factors and psychopathology in offspring during adulthood, and to explore whether family factors (i.e., family cohesion, mother's social support, and father's social support) mediate these relationships...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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