keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroprogenitor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274472/protein-phosphatase-2ac%C3%AE-gene-knock-out-results-in-cortical-atrophy-through-activating-hippo-cascade-in-neuronal-progenitor-cells
#1
Bo Liu, Li-Hua Sun, Yan-Fei Huang, Li-Jun Guo, Li-Shu Luo
Protein phosphatase 2ACα (PP2ACα), a vital member of the protein phosphatase family, has been studied primarily as a regulator for the development, growth and protein synthesis of a lot of cell types. Dysfunction of PP2ACα protein results in neurodegenerative disease; however, this finding has not been directly confirmed in the mouse model with PP2ACα gene knock-out. Therefore, in this study presented here, we generated the PP2ACα gene knock-out mouse model by the Cre-loxP targeting gene system, with the purpose to directly observe the regulatory role of PP2ACα gene in the development of mouse's cerebral cortex...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243349/autosomal-recessive-primary-microcephaly-due-to-aspm-mutations-an-update
#2
Pascaline Létard, Séverine Drunat, Yoann Vial, Sarah Duerinckx, Anais Ernault, Daniel Amram, Stéphanie Arpin, Marta Bertoli, Tiffany Busa, Berten Ceulemans, Julie Desir, Martine Doco-Fenzy, Siham Chafai Elalaoui, Koenraad Devriendt, Laurence Faivre, Christine Francannet, David Geneviève, Marion Gérard, Cyril Gitiaux, Sophie Julia, Sébastien Lebon, Toni Lubala, Michèle Mathieu-Dramard, Hélène Maurey, Julia Metreau, Sanaa Nasserereddine, Mathilde Nizon, Geneviève Pierquin, Nathalie Pouvreau, Clothilde Rivier-Ringenbach, Massimiliano Rossi, Elise Schaefer, Abdelaziz Sefiani, Sabine Sigaudy, Yves Sznajer, Yusuf Tunca, Sophie Guilmin Crepon, Corinne Alberti, Monique Elmaleh-Bergès, Brigitte Benzacken, Bernd Wollnick, C Geoffrey Woods, Anita Rauch, Marc Abramowicz, Vincent El Ghouzzi, Pierre Gressens, Alain Verloes, Sandrine Passemard
Autosomal recessive microcephaly or MicroCephaly Primary Hereditary (MCPH) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a reduction in brain volume, indirectly measured by an occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) 2 standard deviations or more below the age- and sex-matched mean (-2SD) at birth and -3SD after 6 months, and leading to intellectual disability of variable severity. The Abnormal SPindle-like Microcephaly gene (ASPM), the human ortholog of the Drosophila melanogaster 'abnormal spindle' gene (asp), encodes ASPM, a protein localized at the centrosome of apical neuroprogenitor cells and involved in spindle pole positioning during neurogenesis...
December 14, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192272/ribosomal-stress-and-tp53-mediated-neuronal-apoptosis-in-response-to-capsid-protein-of-the-zika-virus
#3
Lukasz P Slomnicki, Dong-Hoon Chung, Austin Parker, Taylor Hermann, Nolan L Boyd, Michal Hetman
We report here that in rat and human neuroprogenitor cells as well as rat embryonic cortical neurons Zika virus (ZIKV) infection leads to ribosomal stress that is characterized by structural disruption of the nucleolus. The anti-nucleolar effects were most pronounced in postmitotic neurons. Moreover, in the latter system, nucleolar presence of ZIKV capsid protein (ZIKV-C) was associated with ribosomal stress and apoptosis. Deletion of 22 C-terminal residues of ZIKV-C prevented nucleolar localization, ribosomal stress and apoptosis...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184142/a-simulation-model-of-neuroprogenitor-proliferation-dynamics-predicts-age-related-loss-of-hippocampal-neurogenesis-but-not-astrogenesis
#4
Sol Beccari, Jorge Valero, Mirjana Maletic-Savatic, Amanda Sierra
Adult hippocampal neuroprogenitors give rise to both neurons and astrocytes. As neuroprogenitors are lost with increased age, neurogenesis concomitantly decreases. However, the dynamics of neuron and astrocyte generation throughout adulthood has not been systematically examined. Here, we analyzed the hippocampal niche both longitudinally (from 2 h to 30d of cell life) and transversally (from 1 m to 12 m of age) and generated a Marsaglia polar random simulation model to predict newborn cell dynamics. The sharp decrease in newborn neuron production throughout adulthood was largely predicted by the number of proliferating neuroprogenitors at each age...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167725/transdifferentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-into-oligoprogenitor-cells
#5
Ardeshir Moayeri, Maryam Nazm Bojnordi, Sara Haratizadeh, Amir Esmaeilnejad-Moghadam, Rafieh Alizadeh, Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi
Introduction: The nerve fibers in central nervous system are surrounded by myelin sheet which is formed by oligodendrocytes. Cell therapy based on oligodendrocytes and their precursors transplantation can hold a promising alternative treatment for myelin sheet repair in demyelinating diseases. Methods: Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) are noninvasive, autologous and easy available source with multipotency characteristics, so they are in focus of interest in regenerative medicine...
September 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150431/the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-apc-c-c-dh1-degrades-mcph1-after-mcph1-%C3%AE-trcp2-cdc25a-mediated-mitotic-entry-to-ensure-neurogenesis
#6
Xiaoqian Liu, Wen Zong, Tangliang Li, Yujun Wang, Xingzhi Xu, Zhong-Wei Zhou, Zhao-Qi Wang
Mutations of microcephalin (MCPH1) can cause the neurodevelopmental disorder primary microcephaly type 1. We previously showed that MCPH1 deletion in neural stem cells results in early mitotic entry that distracts cell division mode, leading to exhaustion of the progenitor pool. Here, we show that MCPH1 interacts with and promotes the E3 ligase βTrCP2 to degrade Cdc25A independent of DNA damage. Overexpression of βTrCP2 or the knockdown of Cdc25A remedies the high mitotic index and rescues the premature differentiation of Mcph1-deficient neuroprogenitors in vivo MCPH1 itself is degraded by APC/C(C)(dh1), but not APC/C(C)(dc20), in late mitosis and G1 phase...
November 17, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113469/improving-neurorepair-in-stroke-brain-through-endogenous-neurogenesis-enhancing-drugs
#7
Kuo-Jen Wu, Seongjin Yu, Jea-Young Lee, Barry Hoffer, Yun Wang
Stroke induces not only cell death but also neurorepair. De novo neurogenesis has been found in the subventricular zone of the adult mammalian brain days after stroke. Most of these newly generated cells die shortly after the insult. Recent studies have shown that pharmacological manipulation can improve the survival of endogenous neuroprogenitor cells and neural regeneration in stroke rats. As these drugs target the endogenous reparative processes that occur days after stroke, they may provide a prolonged window for stroke therapy...
September 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056360/photobiomodulation-therapy-promotes-neurogenesis-by-improving-post-stroke-local-microenvironment-and-stimulating-neuroprogenitor-cells
#8
Luodan Yang, Donovan Tucker, Yan Dong, Chongyun Wu, Yujiao Lu, Yong Li, Juan Zhang, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu, Quanguang Zhang
Recent work has indicated that photobiomodulation (PBM) may beneficially alter the pathological status of several neurological disorders, although the mechanism currently remains unclear. The current study was designed to investigate the beneficial effect of PBM on behavioral deficits and neurogenesis in a photothrombotic (PT) model of ischemic stroke in rats. From day 1 to day 7 after the establishment of PT model, 2-minute daily PBM (CW, 808nm, 350mW/cm(2), total 294J at scalp level) was applied on the infarct injury area (1...
October 19, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022904/zika-virus-infection-dysregulates-human-neural-stem-cell-growth-and-inhibits-differentiation-into-neuroprogenitor-cells
#9
Pradip Devhare, Keith Meyer, Robert Steele, Ratna B Ray, Ranjit Ray
The current outbreak of Zika virus-associated diseases in South America and its threat to spread to other parts of the world has emerged as a global health emergency. A strong link between Zika virus and microcephaly exists, and the potential mechanisms associated with microcephaly are under intense investigation. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Zika virus infection of Asian and African lineages (PRVABC59 and MR766) in human neural stem cells (hNSCs). These two Zika virus strains displayed distinct infection pattern and growth rates in hNSCs...
October 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017720/insights-into-the-molecular-roles-of-zika-virus-in-human-reproductive-complications-and-congenital-neuropathologies
#10
REVIEW
Rajendra Gharbaran, Latchman Somenarain
The recent upsurge in the association of congenital neurological disorders and infection by the Zika virus (ZIKV) has resulted in increased research focus on the biology of this flavivirus. Studies in animal models indicate that ZIKV can breach the placental barrier and selectively infect and deplete neuroprogenitor cells (NPCs) of the developing fetus, resulting in changes of brain structures, reminiscent of human microcephaly. In vitro and ex vivo studies using human cells and tissues showed that human NPCs and placental cells are targeted by ZIKV...
October 7, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984196/multitype-bellman-harris-branching-model-provides-biological-predictors-of-early-stages-of-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis
#11
Biao Li, Amanda Sierra, Juan Jose Deudero, Fatih Semerci, Andrew Laitman, Marek Kimmel, Mirjana Maletic-Savatic
BACKGROUND: Adult hippocampal neurogenesis, the process of formation of new neurons, occurs throughout life in the hippocampus. New neurons have been associated with learning and memory as well as mood control, and impaired neurogenesis has been linked to depression, schizophrenia, autism and cognitive decline during aging. Thus, understanding the biological properties of adult neurogenesis has important implications for human health. Computational models of neurogenesis have attempted to derive biologically relevant knowledge, hard to achieve using experimentation...
October 3, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943256/spindle-misorientation-of-cerebral-and-cerebellar-progenitors-is-a-mechanistic-cause-of-megalencephaly
#12
Huaibiao Li, Torsten Kroll, Jürgen Moll, Lucien Frappart, Peter Herrlich, Heike Heuer, Aspasia Ploubidou
Misoriented division of neuroprogenitors, by loss-of-function studies of centrosome or spindle components, has been linked to the developmental brain defects microcephaly and lissencephaly. As these approaches also affect centrosome biogenesis, spindle assembly, or cell-cycle progression, the resulting pathologies cannot be attributed solely to spindle misorientation. To address this issue, we employed a truncation of the spindle-orienting protein RHAMM. This truncation of the RHAMM centrosome-targeting domain does not have an impact on centrosome biogenesis or on spindle assembly in vivo...
October 10, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889265/manganese-and-the-insulin-igf-signaling-network-in-huntington-s-disease-and-other-neurodegenerative-disorders
#13
Miles R Bryan, Aaron B Bowman
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease resulting in motor impairment and death in patients. Recently, several studies have demonstrated insulin or insulin-like growth factor (IGF) treatment in models of HD, resulting in potent amelioration of HD phenotypes via modulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways. Administration of IGF and insulin can rescue microtubule transport, metabolic function, and autophagy defects, resulting in clearance of Huntingtin (HTT) aggregates, restoration of mitochondrial function, amelioration of motor abnormalities, and enhanced survival...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782906/differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-into-neuronal-by-resveratrol
#14
Ya-Wei Geng, Zhen Zhang, Ming-Yue Liu, Wei-Ping Hu
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been proposed as a promising source of stem cells in nerve regeneration due to their close embryonic origin and ease of harvest. Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenolic and possesses many biological functions such as anti-inflammatory activity and protection against atherosclerosis and neuroprotective activities. There is increasing evidence showing that RSV plays a pivotal role in neuron protection and neuronal differentiation. In this study, we isolated DPSCs from impacted third molars and investigated whether RSV induces neuronal differentiation of DPSCs...
August 7, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780388/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-pi3k-modulates-manganese-homeostasis-and-manganese-induced-cell-signaling-in-a-murine-striatal-cell-line
#15
Miles R Bryan, Michael A Uhouse, Kristen D Nordham, Piyush Joshi, Daniel I R Rose, Michael T O'Brien, Michael Aschner, Aaron B Bowman
In a recent study, we found that blocking the protein kinase ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) with the small molecule inhibitor (SMI) KU-55933 can completely abrogate Mn-induced phosphorylation of p53 at serine 15 (p-p53) in human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-differentiated striatal neuroprogenitors. However, in the immortalized mouse striatal progenitor cell line STHdh(Q7/Q7), a concentration of KU55933 far exceeding its IC50 for ATM was required to inhibit Mn-induced p-p53. This suggested an alternative signaling system redundant with ATM kinase for activating p53 in this cell line- one that was altered by KU55933 at these higher concentrations (i...
August 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743634/early-ciliary-and-prominin-1-dysfunctions-precede-neurogenesis-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
Tomás P Bachor, Jana Karbanová, Edgar Büttner, Vicente Bermúdez, Melisa Marquioni-Ramella, Peter Carmeliet, Denis Corbeil, Angela M Suburo
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is reaching epidemic conditions worldwide and increases the risk for cognition impairment and dementia. Here, we postulated that progenitors in adult neurogenic niches might be particularly vulnerable. Therefore, we evaluated the different components of the mouse subventricular zone (SVZ) during the first week after chemical induction of type 1 and type 2 diabetes-like (T1DM and T2DM) conditions. Surprisingly, only T2DM mice showed SVZ damage. The initial lesions were localized to ependymal cilia, which appeared disorientated and clumped together...
July 23, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713614/condition-medium-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-retinoic-acid-induces-the-transdifferentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-into-neuroglia-and-neural-like-cells
#17
Sara Haratizadeh, Maryam Nazm Bojnordi, Shahram Darabi, Narges Karimi, Mehrdad Naghikhani, Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi, Morteza Seifi
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains several molecules which are essential for neurogenesis. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are putatively neural crest cell-derived that can differentiate into neurons and glial cells under appropriate neurotrophic factors. The aim of this study was to induce differentiation of hDPSCs into neuroglial phenotypes using retinoic acid (RA) and CSF. The hDPSCs from an impacted third molar were isolated by mechanical and digestion and cultured. The cells have treated by 10(-7) µM RA (RA group) for 8 days, 10% CSF (CSF group) for 8 days and RA with CSF for 8 days (RA/CSF group)...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674729/expression-of-a-sox1-overlapping-transcript-in-neural-differentiation-and-cancer-models
#18
Azaz Ahmad, Stephanie Strohbuecker, Cristina Tufarelli, Virginie Sottile
SOX1 is a member of the SOXB1 subgroup of transcription factors involved in early embryogenesis, CNS development and maintenance of neural stem cells. The structure and regulation of the human SOX1 locus has been less studied than that of SOX2, another member of the SOXB1 subgroup for which an overlapping transcript has been reported. Here we report that the SOX1 locus harbours a SOX1 overlapping transcript (SOX1-OT), and describe expression, splicing variants and detection of SOX1-OT in different stem and cancer cells...
November 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674431/9-cis-retinoic-acid-induces-neurorepair-in-stroke-brain
#19
Seong-Jin Yu, Mikko Airavaara, Kuo-Jen Wu, Brandon K Harvey, H S Liu, Yihong Yang, Alex Zacharek, Jieli Chen, Yun Wang
The purpose of this study was to examine the neurorestorative effect of delayed 9 cis retinoic acid (9cRA) treatment for stroke. Adult male rats received a 90-min right distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAo). Animals were separated into two groups with similar infarction sizes, based on magnetic resonance imaging on day 2 after dMCAo. 9cRA or vehicle was given via an intranasal route daily starting from day 3. Stroke rats receiving 9cRA post-treatment showed an increase in brain 9cRA levels and greater recovery in motor function...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658635/adipose-derived-stem-cell-sheets-functionalized-by-hybrid-baculovirus-for-prolonged-gdnf-expression-and-improved-nerve-regeneration
#20
Mu-Nung Hsu, Han-Tsung Liao, Kuei-Chang Li, Hwei-Hsien Chen, Tzu-Chen Yen, Pavel Makarevich, Yelena Parfyonova, Yu-Chen Hu
Peripheral nerve regeneration requires coordinated functions of supporting cells (e.g. Schwann cells) and neurotrophic factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), but nerve regeneration is usually far from complete. Here we constructed a Cre/loxP-based hybrid baculovirus (BV) vector which enabled intracellular formation of episomal DNA minicircle for effective transduction of rat adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and prolonged expression of functional GDNF capable of recruiting Schwann cells...
May 3, 2017: Biomaterials
keyword
keyword
70042
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"