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Carlos Vitor Braga Rodrigues, Anderson Oliveira, Christiane Cigagna Wiefels, Maurício de Souza Leão, Cláudio Tinoco Mesquita
BACKGROUND: Data on the current situation of nuclear medicine practices in cardiology in Brazil are scarce. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has recommended eight "good practices" to minimize patients' ionizing radiation exposure during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). OBJECTIVES: To assess the adoption of the eight good practices in MPS in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with data obtained by use of a questionnaire...
February 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Szu-Ying Tsai, Shan-Ying Wang, Yu-Chien Shiau, Yen-Wen Wu
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an often under-diagnosed cause of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). It affects 1/500 of the population, is the most commonly inherited cardiovascular disorder, and can present in apical, concentric, or septal forms. Although most patients are asymptomatic, sudden cardiac death can be the initial presentation of HCM. By retrospectively enrolling patients suspected of having three different types of HCM in the absence of epicardial coronary stenosis, we aimed to examine systolic and diastolic dysfunction and perfusion abnormalities using both Doppler echocardiography and state-of-the-art gated single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and thallium-201...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jei-Yie Huang, Ruoh-Fang Yen, Wen-Chung Lee, Chun-Kai Huang, Pei-Ying Hsu, Mei-Fang Cheng, Ching-Chu Lu, Yen-Hung Lin, Kuo-Liong Chien, Yen-Wen Wu
BACKGROUND: The benefits of attenuation correction (AC) in technetium-99m myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) have been well established. However, the value of thallium (Tl-201) AC and routine computed tomography AC (CTAC) were less well established. The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic performance of thallium (Tl-201) MPI with additional CTAC and to determine which participants would benefit most. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 108 consecutive patients who underwent Tl-201 MPI and received coronary angiography within 3 months were enrolled...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Yusniel Cruz-Hernández, Mismel Ruiz-García, Mario Villalobos, Francisco Martin Romero, Diana Meza-Figueroa, Fernando Garrido, Elizabeth Hernández-Alvarez, Teresa Pi-Puig
Mining and metallurgy generate residues that may contain thallium (Tl), a highly toxic metal, for which it is currently not feasible to determine its geochemical speciation through X-ray absorption spectroscopy due to a combination of very low contents and the interference of accompanying high arsenic contents. Therefore, fractionation studies in residues and soils are required to analyze the mobility and bioavailability of this metal, which in turn provide information to infer its speciation. For this purpose, in this work a modification of the BCR procedure was applied to residues and contaminated soils from three mining zones of Mexico and two mining zones of Spain, spanning samples with acidic to alkaline pH values...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Yanlong Jia, Tangfu Xiao, Jialong Sun, Fei Yang, Philippe C Baveye
Thallium (Tl) is a toxic trace metal, whose geochemical behavior and biological effects are closely controlled by its chemical speciation in the environment. However, little tends to be known about this speciation of Tl in soil and plant systems that directly affect the safety of food supplies. In this context, the objective of the present study was to elaborate an efficient method to separate and detect Tl(I) and Tl(III) species for soil and plant samples. This method involves the selective adsorption of Tl(I) on microcolumns filled with immobilized oxine, in the presence of DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid), followed by DTPA-enhanced ultrasonic and heating-induced extraction, coupled with ICP-MS detection...
February 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
G F Santonastaso, A Erto, I Bortone, S Chianese, A Di Nardo, D Musmarra
Permeable Adsorptive Barriers (PABs), filled with a commercial activated carbon, are tested as a technique for the remediation of a thallium (I)-contaminated aquifer located in the south of Italy. Thallium adsorption capacity of the activated carbon is experimentally determined through dedicated laboratory tests, allowing to obtain the main modelling parameters to describe the adsorption phenomena within the barrier. A 2D numerical model, solved by using a finite element approach via COMSOL Multi-physics®, is used to simulate the contaminant transport within the aquifer and for the PAB design...
February 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Timothy J Boyle, Diana Perales, Jessica M Rimsza, Todd M Alam, Daniel M Boye, Jeremiah M Sears, Jeffery A Greathouse, Richard A Kemp
A pair of thallium salen derivatives was synthesized and characterized for potential use as monitors (or taggants) or as models for Group 13 complexes for subterranean fluid flows. These precursors were isolated from the reaction of thallium ethoxide with N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)-ethylenediamine (H2 -salo-But ), or N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2 -saloPh-But ). The products were identified by single crystal X-ray diffraction as: [((μ-O)2 ,κ1 -(N)(N')salo-But )Tl2 ] (1) and {[((μ-O)2 saloPh-But )Tl2 ][((μ-O)2 ,κ1 -(N)(N')saloPh-But )Tl2 ]} (2)...
February 23, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Kamran Akhbari, Sepideh Karami, Zahra Saedi
In order to study the effects of solvent and ultrasonic irradiation on formation of [Tl(HTar)]n (1) and/or [Tl2(Tar)]n (2), [H2Tar = (+)-tartaric acid] supramolecular polymers, we designed some experiments and synthesized four samples of 1 under the reaction of H2Tar and TlNO3 by sonochemical process and as the bulk samples. Nanostructures of compounds 1 and 2 as the bulk samples could be synthesized without ultrasonic irradiation, too. In the presence of ultrasonic waves, with acetonitrile solvent, more discrete nanoparticles were obtained...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Haruki Tanaka, Teruyuki Takahashi, Norihiko Ohashi, Koichi Tanaka, Takenori Okada, Yasuki Kihara
The aim of this study was to clarify the predictive value of fractional flow reserve (FFR) determined by myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using thallium (Tl)-201 IQ-SPECT without and with computed tomography-based attenuation correction (CT-AC) for patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).We assessed 212 angiographically identified diseased vessels using adenosine-stress Tl-201 MPI-IQ-SPECT/CT in 84 consecutive, prospectively identified patients with stable CAD. We compared the FFR in 136 of the 212 diseased vessels using visual semiquantitative interpretations of corresponding territories on MPI-IQ-SPECT images without and with CT-AC...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gilles Barone-Rochette, Feras Zoreka, Loïc Djaileb, Nicolas Piliero, Alex Calizzano, Jean Louis Quesada, Alexis Broisat, Laurent Riou, Jacques Machecourt, Daniel Fagret, Gerald Vanzetto, Catherine Ghezzi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of stress thallium-201/rest technetium-99m-sestamibi sequential dual-isotope high-speed myocardial perfusion imaging (DI-HS-MPI) against invasively determined fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: Fifty-four consecutive patients prospectively underwent DI-HS-MPI before invasive coronary angiography. Perfusion was scored visually by summed stress score on a patient and coronary territory basis...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Jung-Tung Liu, Chen-Hsing Su, Se-Yi Chen, Sang-Jek Liew, Cheng-Siu Chang
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective case-controlled study intended to identify the benefits and efficacy of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) as a therapeutic strategy for patients with perfusion problems caused by critical limb ischemia (CLI). The outcomes of patients who received SCS were compared with those of patients who did not receive SCS. METHODS: This study recruited 78 patients who were diagnosed with perfusion problems over the period of 2003-2011. Lower-limb Thallium-201 (201 Tl) scintigraphy revealed that the patients exhibited a perfusion difference of <0...
January 26, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Xiaomei Lu, Jinyi Zhang, Ya-Ni Xie, Xinfeng Zhang, Xiaoming Jiang, Xiandeng Hou, Peng Wu
Thallium (Tl) is an extremely toxic heavy metal and exists in very low concentrations in the environment, but its sensing is largely underexplored as compared to its neighboring elements in the periodic table (especially mercury and lead). In this work, we developed ratiometric phosphorescent nanoprobe for thallium detection based on Mn-doped ZnSe quantum dots (QDs) and water-soluble carbon dots (C-dots). Upon excitation with 360 nm, Mn-doped ZnSe QDs and C-dots can emit long-lived and spectrally-resolved phosphorescence at 580 nm and 440 nm, respectively...
January 25, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Junzi Liu, Yue Shen, Ayush Asthana, Lan Cheng
A novel implementation of the two-component spin-orbit (SO) coupled-cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) method and the CCSD augmented with the perturbative inclusion of triple excitations [CCSD(T)] method using mean-field SO integrals is reported. The new formulation of SO-CCSD(T) features an atomic-orbital-based algorithm for the particle-particle ladder term in the CCSD equation, which not only removes the computational bottleneck associated with the large molecular-orbital integral file but also accelerates the evaluation of the particle-particle ladder term by around a factor of 4 by taking advantage of the spin-free nature of the instantaneous electron-electron Coulomb interaction...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Carleen Cullinane, Glen B Deacon, Penny R Drago, Anja P Erven, Peter C Junk, Jenny Luu, Gerd Meyer, Simon Schmitz, Ingo Ott, Julia Schur, Lorraine K Webster, Axel Klein
New organometallic complexes [M(dppe)(R)2] {where M = Pt or Pd, dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphano)ethane, and R = C6F4H-x (x = 6,5,4), C6F3H2-3,5, C6F3H2-5,6, C6F3H2-3,6, C6F4(OMe)-4, and C6F4(cyclo-C5H10N)-4, the numbers x refer to the positions of the protons in the polyfluoroaryl ligands} were synthesised either through transmetalation from the dichlorido complexes [M(dppe)Cl2] or through ligand exchange using [M(diene)Cl2] precursor complexes with diene = 1,5-cyclooctadiene (cod) or 1,5-hexadiene (hex). Alternatively, [M(dppX)Cl(R)] complexes with dppX = dppm (1,1-bis(diphenylphosphano)methane), dppe, dppp (1,3-bis(diphenylphosphano)propane), and dppb (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphano)butane) were prepared in decarboxylation reactions from thallium(i) carboxylates Tl(O2CR)...
January 17, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Youko Takakuwa, Masayoshi Sarai, Hideki Kawai, Akira Yamada, Kenji Shiino, Kayoko Takada, Yasuomi Nagahara, Meiko Miyagi, Sadako Motoyama, Hiroshi Toyama, Yukio Ozaki
Objectives: The current management of coronary artery disease (CAD) relies on three major therapeutic options, namely medication, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, severe CAD that is not indicated for PCI or CABG still bears a poor prognosis due to the lack of effective treatments. In 2006, extracorporeal cardiac shock wave (SW) therapy reported on human for the first time. This treatment resulted in better myocardial perfusion as evaluated by dipyridamole stress thallium scintigraphy, angina symptoms, and exercise tolerance...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
Koenraad Philippaert, Sara Kerselaers, Thomas Voets, Rudi Vennekens
TRPM5 functions as a calcium-activated monovalent cation-selective ion channel and is expressed in a variety of cell types. Dysfunction of this type of channel has been recently implied in cardiac arrhythmias, diabetes, and other pathologies. Therefore, a growing interest has emerged to develop the pharmacology of these ion channels. We optimized a screening assay based on the thallium flux through the TRPM5 channel and a fluorescent thallium dye as a probe for channel activity. We show that this assay is capable of identifying molecules that inhibit or potentiate calcium-activated monovalent cation-selective ion channels...
January 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
Marisol Maya-López, María Verónica Mireles-García, Monserrat Ramírez-Toledo, Ana Laura Colín-González, Sonia Galván-Arzate, Isaac Túnez, Abel Santamaría
The mechanisms by which the heavy metal thallium (Tl+) produces toxicity in the brain remain unclear. Herein, isolated synaptosomal/mitochondrial P2 crude fractions from adult rat brains were exposed to Tl+ (5-250 μM) for 30 min. Three toxic endpoints were evaluated: mitochondrial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation, and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition. Concentration-response curves for two of these endpoints revealed the optimum concentration of Tl+ to induce damage in this preparation, 5 μM. Toxic markers were also estimated in preconditioned synaptosomes incubated in the presence of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist kynurenic acid (KYNA, 50 μM), the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (1 μM), or the antioxidant S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC, 100 μM)...
January 8, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Liwei Liu, Huaili Zheng, Bincheng Xu, Lang Xiao, Yong Chigan, Yilan Zhangluo
In this paper, a procedure for in-situ pre-concentration in graphite furnace by repeated sampling and pyrolysis is proposed for the determination of ultra-trace thallium in drinking water by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS). Without any other laborious enrichment processes that routinely result in analyte loss and contamination, thallium was directly concentrated in the graphite furnace automatically and subsequently subject to analysis. The effects of several key factors, such as the temperature for pyrolysis and atomization, the chemical modifier, and the repeated sampling times were investigated...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
Beatrice Campanella, Alessandro D'Ulivo, Lisa Ghezzi, Massimo Onor, Riccardo Petrini, Emilia Bramanti
The abandoned mining area of Valdicastello Carducci (Tuscany, Italy) is characterized by the massive presence of thallium in the acid mine drainages and in the valley stream crossing the region. We previously found that Tl(III), generally considered the less stable oxidation state of thallium, is present both in the stream and in tap water distributed in the area, whereas acid mine drainages only contain Tl(I). These findings posed some concern related to the reactivity and dispersion of this toxic element in the environment...
December 28, 2017: Chemosphere
Silvan Wick, Bart Baeyens, Maria Marques Fernandes, Andreas Voegelin
We investigated the adsorption of Tl+ onto purified Illite du Puy (IdP). Distribution coefficients (Kd) for trace Tl adsorption indicated a moderate pH-dependence from pH 2.5 to 11. Adsorption isotherms measured at Tl+ concentrations from 10-9 to 10-2 M at near-neutral pH on illite saturated with Na+ (100 mM), K+ (1 and 10 mM), NH4+ (10 mM) or Ca2+ (5 mM) revealed a high adsorption affinity of Tl+ in Na+- and Ca2+-electrolytes and strong competition with K+ and NH4+. Cation exchange selectivity coefficients for Tl+ with respect to Na+, K+, NH4+, and Ca2+ were derived using a 3-site sorption model...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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