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Thallium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333461/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-coronary-artery-disease-relationship-of-symptom-amelioration-and-ischemia-improvement
#1
Youko Takakuwa, Masayoshi Sarai, Hideki Kawai, Akira Yamada, Kenji Shiino, Kayoko Takada, Yasuomi Nagahara, Meiko Miyagi, Sadako Motoyama, Hiroshi Toyama, Yukio Ozaki
Objectives: The current management of coronary artery disease (CAD) relies on three major therapeutic options, namely medication, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, severe CAD that is not indicated for PCI or CABG still bears a poor prognosis due to the lack of effective treatments. In 2006, extracorporeal cardiac shock wave (SW) therapy reported on human for the first time. This treatment resulted in better myocardial perfusion as evaluated by dipyridamole stress thallium scintigraphy, angina symptoms, and exercise tolerance...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316407/a-thallium-based-screening-procedure-to-identify-molecules-that-modulate-the-activity-of-ca2-activated-monovalent-cation-selective-channels
#2
Koenraad Philippaert, Sara Kerselaers, Thomas Voets, Rudi Vennekens
TRPM5 functions as a calcium-activated monovalent cation-selective ion channel and is expressed in a variety of cell types. Dysfunction of this type of channel has been recently implied in cardiac arrhythmias, diabetes, and other pathologies. Therefore, a growing interest has emerged to develop the pharmacology of these ion channels. We optimized a screening assay based on the thallium flux through the TRPM5 channel and a fluorescent thallium dye as a probe for channel activity. We show that this assay is capable of identifying molecules that inhibit or potentiate calcium-activated monovalent cation-selective ion channels...
January 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313218/thallium-induced-toxicity-in-rat-brain-crude-synaptosomal-mitochondrial-fractions-is-sensitive-to-anti-excitatory-and-antioxidant-agents
#3
Marisol Maya-López, María Verónica Mireles-García, Monserrat Ramírez-Toledo, Ana Laura Colín-González, Sonia Galván-Arzate, Isaac Túnez, Abel Santamaría
The mechanisms by which the heavy metal thallium (Tl+) produces toxicity in the brain remain unclear. Herein, isolated synaptosomal/mitochondrial P2 crude fractions from adult rat brains were exposed to Tl+ (5-250 μM) for 30 min. Three toxic endpoints were evaluated: mitochondrial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation, and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition. Concentration-response curves for two of these endpoints revealed the optimum concentration of Tl+ to induce damage in this preparation, 5 μM. Toxic markers were also estimated in preconditioned synaptosomes incubated in the presence of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist kynurenic acid (KYNA, 50 μM), the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (1 μM), or the antioxidant S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC, 100 μM)...
January 8, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310318/in-situ-pre-concentration-through-repeated-sampling-and-pyrolysis-for-ultrasensitive-determination-of-thallium-in-drinking-water-by-electrothermal-atomic-absorption-spectrometry
#4
Liwei Liu, Huaili Zheng, Bincheng Xu, Lang Xiao, Yong Chigan, Yilan Zhangluo
In this paper, a procedure for in-situ pre-concentration in graphite furnace by repeated sampling and pyrolysis is proposed for the determination of ultra-trace thallium in drinking water by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS). Without any other laborious enrichment processes that routinely result in analyte loss and contamination, thallium was directly concentrated in the graphite furnace automatically and subsequently subject to analysis. The effects of several key factors, such as the temperature for pyrolysis and atomization, the chemical modifier, and the repeated sampling times were investigated...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289846/influence-of-environmental-and-anthropogenic-parameters-on-thallium-oxidation-state-in-natural-waters
#5
Beatrice Campanella, Alessandro D'Ulivo, Lisa Ghezzi, Massimo Onor, Riccardo Petrini, Emilia Bramanti
The abandoned mining area of Valdicastello Carducci (Tuscany, Italy) is characterized by the massive presence of thallium in the acid mine drainages and in the valley stream crossing the region. We previously found that Tl(III), generally considered the less stable oxidation state of thallium, is present both in the stream and in tap water distributed in the area, whereas acid mine drainages only contain Tl(I). These findings posed some concern related to the reactivity and dispersion of this toxic element in the environment...
December 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286655/thallium-adsorption-onto-illite
#6
Silvan Wick, Bart Baeyens, Maria Marques Fernandes, Andreas Voegelin
We investigated the adsorption of Tl+ onto purified Illite du Puy (IdP). Distribution coefficients (Kd) for trace Tl adsorption indicated a moderate pH-dependence from pH 2.5 to 11. Adsorption isotherms measured at Tl+ concentrations from 10-9 to 10-2 M at near-neutral pH on illite saturated with Na+ (100 mM), K+ (1 and 10 mM), NH4+ (10 mM) or Ca2+ (5 mM) revealed a high adsorption affinity of Tl+ in Na+- and Ca2+-electrolytes and strong competition with K+ and NH4+. Cation exchange selectivity coefficients for Tl+ with respect to Na+, K+, NH4+, and Ca2+ were derived using a 3-site sorption model...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275245/association-of-co-exposure-to-heavy-metals-with-renal-function-in-a-hypertensive-population
#7
Weixiang Wu, Ke Zhang, Shunli Jiang, Dayang Liu, Hao Zhou, Rong Zhong, Qiang Zeng, Liming Cheng, Xiaoping Miao, Yeqing Tong, Qing Lu
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing health problem worldwide. Recent studies have suggested the potential associations between exposure to metals and CKD events, particularly in participants with hypertension. However, relevant studies are limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the associations of metal exposure with renal function in participants with essential hypertension. METHODS: Nine hundred and thirty-four participants with essential hypertension were recruited at the Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Wuhan, China...
December 21, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241130/calculation-of-thallium-s-toxicity-coefficient-in-the-evaluation-of-potential-ecological-risk-index-a-case-study
#8
Yongxia Liu, Qian Wang, Wen Zhuang, Yanli Yuan, Yani Yuan, Keqin Jiao, Mantang Wang, Qing Chen
As a common pollutive metal element, Tl is very biotoxic. The potential ecological risk index (RI) proposed by Håkanson is one of the commonest methods for evaluation of ecological risk of a metal in sedimentary environment of a water body. According to the calculation principle proposed by Håkanson, the toxicity coefficient of Tl was calculated, and determined as 10 in this paper. In addition, the environmental risk of Tl in the surface sediment of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal (Zaozhuang Section) was evaluated by RI method, enrichment factor method, etc...
December 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216309/coronary-to-pulmonary-artery-fistula-in-adults-evaluation-with-thallium-201-myocardial-perfusion-spect
#9
Seul Ki Lee, Jung Im Jung, Joo Hyun O, Hwan Wook Kim, Ho Joong Youn
OBJECTIVES: With the increasing use of multi-detector CT, the number of detected cases with coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula (CPAF) has increased. Several previous studies reported severe cases of angina, but no appropriate tests to evaluate myocardial perfusion for patients with CPAF have been established. We evaluated the hemodynamic characteristics of CPAF using thallium-201 (Tl-201) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tl-201 SPECT was performed in 17 patients with CPAF, but without evidence of coronary artery disease on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) (age, 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210574/bis-and-tris-2-oxobenzimidazolyl-hydroborato-complexes-of-sodium-and-thallium-new-classes-of-bidentate-and-tridentate-oxygen-donor-ligands
#10
Ahmed Al-Harbi, Benjamin Kriegel, Shivani Gulati, Matthew J Hammond, Gerard Parkin
A series of bis- and tris(oxobenzimidazolyl)hydroborato compounds, namely, [BoRBenz]Na and [ToRBenz]-Na (R = Me, But, Ad), which feature uncommon sterically demanding LX [O2] and L2X [O3] donor ligands, have been obtained via the reactions of NaBH4 with 1-R-1,3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-ones. Evidence that the alkyl substituents are suitably located to have a significant impact on the coordination environment is provided by the observation that the methyl derivative [ToMeBenz]Na(κ3-diglyme) exhibits κ3-coordination of the diglyme, whereas the t-butyl and adamantyl derivatives, [ToButBenz]Na(κ2-diglyme) and [ToAdBenz]Na(κ2-diglyme), exhibit κ2-coordination...
December 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194288/area-at-risk-can-be-assessed-by-iodine-123-meta-iodobenzylguanidine-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-after-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-study
#11
Christophe Hedon, Fabien Huet, Fayçal Ben Bouallegue, Hélène Vernhet, Jean-Christophe Macia, Thien-Tri Cung, Florence Leclercq, Stéphane Cade, Frédéric Cransac, Benoit Lattuca, D'Arcy Vandenberghe, Aurélie Bourdon, Meriem Benkiran, Fabien Vauchot, Richard Gervasoni, Emmanuel D'estanque, Denis Mariano-Goulart, François Roubille
BACKGROUND: Myocardial salvage is an important surrogate endpoint to estimate the impact of treatments in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between cardiac sympathetic denervation area assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using iodine-123-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (I-MIBG) and myocardial area at risk (AAR) assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) (gold standard)...
November 29, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189425/remodeling-failing-human-myocardium-with-hybrid-cell-matrix-and-transmyocardial-revascularization
#12
Ryan J Avery, Soojie K Yu, Gopi Cherukuri, Ray B Runyan, John Konhilas, Zain I Khalpey
Given the limited treatment options for advanced heart failure, the intrinsic regenerative properties of stem cells have been evaluated for myocardial remodeling. Previous stem cells techniques for myocardiocyte remodeling have been limited by the low cellular retention. Presented is a hybrid approach for remodeling infarcted myocardium through implantation of allogeneic human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells within micronized human allograft-derived liquid matrix during the performance of transmyocardial revascularization (TMR)...
November 14, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189118/metals-and-parkinson-s-disease-mechanisms-and-biochemical-processes
#13
Geir Bjørklund, Vera Stejskal, Mauricio A Urbina, Maryam Dadar, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Joachim Mutter
Genetic background accounts for only 5 to 10% of the reported cases of Parkinson's disease (PD), while the remaining cases are of unknown etiology. It is believed that environmental factors may be involved in the causality of a large proportion of PD cases. Several PD genes are activated by xenobiotic exposure, and a link between pesticide exposure and PD has been demonstrated. Many epidemiological studies have shown an association between PD and exposure to metals such as mercury, lead, manganese, copper, iron, aluminum, bismuth, thallium, and zinc...
November 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185572/thermoelectric-properties-and-thermal-stability-of-layered-chalcogenides-tlscq2-q-se-te
#14
Vijayakumar Sajitha Aswathy, Cheriyedath Raj Sankar, Manoj Raama Varma, Abdeljalil Assoud, Mario Bieringer, Holger Kleinke
A few thallium based layered chalcogenides of α-NaFeO2 structure-type are known for their excellent thermoelectric properties and interesting topological insulator nature. TlScQ2 belongs to this structural category. In the present work, we have studied the electronic structure, electrical and thermal transport properties and thermal stability of the title compounds within the temperature range 2-600 K. Density functional theory (DFT) predicts a metallic nature for TlScTe2 and a semiconducting nature for TlScSe2...
November 29, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173481/manganese-in-blood-cells-as-an-exposure-biomarker-in-manganese-exposed-workers-healthy-cohort
#15
Xiaoting Ge, Fenfen Wang, Yaoqiu Zhong, Yingnan Lv, Chao Jiang, Yanting Zhou, Defu Li, Bing Xia, Cheng Su, Hong Cheng, Yifei Ma, Feng Xiong, Yuefei Shen, Yunfeng Zou, Xiaobo Yang
Elevated exposure to manganese (Mn) has long been a public health concern. However, there is currently no consensus on the best exposure biomarker. Here we aimed to investigate the exposomic characteristics of plasma metals among Mn-exposed workers and explore the potential biomarkers of Mn exposure in the blood pool. First, total sixteen plasma metals (Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Selenium, Lead, Chromium, Arsenic, Manganese, Nickel, Molybdenum, Cadmium, Mercury, Thallium, and Cobalt) were determined among 40 occupationally Mn-exposed subjects...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161327/thallium-stimulates-ethanol-production-in-immortalized-hippocampal-neurons
#16
Laura Colombaioni, Massimo Onor, Edoardo Benedetti, Emilia Bramanti
Lactate and ethanol (EtOH) were determined in cell culture medium (CCM) of immortalized hippocampal neurons (HN9.10e cell line) before and after incubation with Thallium (Tl). This cell line is a reliable, in vitro model of one of the most vulnerable regions of central nervous system. Cells were incubated for 48 h with three different single Tl doses: 1, 10, 100 μg/L (corresponding to 4.9, 49 and 490 nM, respectively). After 48 h, neurons were "reperfused" with fresh CCM every 24/48 h until 7 days after the treatment and the removed CCM was collected and analysed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137733/three-dimensional-organometallic-thallium-i-supramolecular-polymer-nanostructures-synthesized-with-sonochemical-process
#17
Maryam Moeinian, Kamran Akhbari, Jaursup Boonmak, Sujittra Youngme
A new three-dimensional thallium(I) supramolecular polymer, [Tl2(μ2-ATA)]n (1), [H2ATA=2-aminoterephthalic acid], has been synthesized and characterized. The single-crystal X-ray data of compound 1 shows one type of Tl(I) ion with a low coordination number. Compound 1 was self-assembled from Tl⋯C, Tl⋯O and Tl⋯N secondary interactions in thallium(I) coordination and the active lone pair on Tl(I) in this compound may be involved in donor bonding. Two sides of the aromatic ring of ATA(2-) anion have been involved in two types of secondary Tl⋯C approaches...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091833/fractional-distribution-of-thallium-in-paddy-soil-and-its-bioavailability-to-rice
#18
Xuexia Huang, Ning Li, Qihang Wu, Jianyou Long, Dinggui Luo, Xiaowu Huang, Dongmei Li, Dongye Zhao
To investigate the bioavailability of thallium (Tl) in soil and rice in a Tl-contaminated area in Guangdong, China, the topsoil and rice samples were collected from 24 sampling sites and analyzed. Moreover, a modified sequential extraction procedure was applied to determine the different Tl fractions in the soil. The mean pH value of the soil samples was 4.50. The total Tl concentration in the paddy soil was about 4-8 times higher than the Canadian guideline value (1mgkg(-1)) for agricultural land uses. The mean ecological risk index of Tl was determined to be 483, indicating that potential hazard of the paddy soil was serious...
October 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073826/association-of-qrs-duration-with-left-ventricular-volume-and-ejection-fraction-after-anterior-myocardial-infarction-assessed-by-gated-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#19
Satoshi Kurisu, Yoji Sumimoto, Hiroki Ikenaga, Ken Ishibashi, Yukihiro Fukuda, Yasuki Kihara
BACKGROUND: Even intermediate QRS prolongation without bundle branch block is associated with worse clinical outcome after myocardial infarction (MI). We assessed the association of QRS duration with left ventricular (LV) volume and ejection fraction after anterior MI by using quantitative gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: Eighty-two patients with prior anterior MI were enrolled. Intermediate QRS prolongation was defined as QRS duration ≥100 ms without bundle branch block...
October 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071014/chelation-of-thallium-iii-in-rats-using-combined-deferasirox-and-deferiprone-therapy
#20
Samie Salehi, Amir Sh Saljooghi, Somayeh Badiee, Mojtaba Mashmool Moqadam
Thallium and its compounds are a class of highly toxic chemicals that cause wide-ranging symptoms such as gastrointestinal disturbances; polyneuritis; encephalopathy; tachycardia; skin eruptions; hepatic, renal, cardiac, and neurological toxicities; and have mutagenic and genotoxic effects. The present research aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the chelating agents deferasirox (DFX) and deferiprone (L1) in reducing serum and tissue thallium levels after the administration of thallium (III), according to two different dosing regimens, to several groups of Wistar rats for 60 days...
October 2017: Toxicological Research
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