Read by QxMD icon Read

neuraxial analgesia

Arvind Kumar, Ritesh Kumar, Vinod Kumar Verma, Chandrakant Prasad, Rajesh Kumar, Shashi Kant, Gunjan Kumar, Neha Singh, Rupam Kumari
INTRODUCTION: Opioids are widely used in conjunction with local anesthetics as they permit the use of lower dose of local anesthetics while providing adequate anesthesia and analgesia. It both provides adequate anesthesia as well as lower drug toxicity neuraxial administration of opioids in conjunction with local anesthetics improves the quality of intraoperative analgesia and prolongs the duration of postoperative analgesia. Bupivacaine is the most commonly used drug for subarachnoid block due to its lesser side effects...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Lipsy Bansal, Joginder Pal Attri, Pawan Verma
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerve blocks are gaining popularity for many infraumblical surgeries with the development of new techniques such as ultrasound and peripheral nerve stimulator. It provides stable hemodynamic, better, and prolonged postoperative analgesia. This study was carried out to see the effectiveness of combined femoral and sciatic nerve block with ropivacaine alone and by adding fentanyl. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 100 patients scheduled for lower limb surgeries and were randomly divided into two groups of 50 each...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
R S Monteiro, D P Dob, M R Cauldwell, M A Gatzoulis
Women with a single ventricle circulation palliated with the Fontan operation require specialist multidisciplinary management. We report 14 such cases with successful pregnancies and detail the pathophysiology encountered. A combined obstetric and cardiac service between Chelsea and Westminster Hospital and Royal Brompton Hospital provides care for women with heart disease, and maintains a prospective database of referred women. We searched this database for women with a known Fontan circulation and reviewed the case notes and electronic patient records between January 1994 and December 2015...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Benjamin B Vacula, Chelsea Gray, Michael P Hofkamp, Patrick T Noonan, Russell K McAllister, Kimberly A Pilkinton, Zhiying Diao
Patients with the Marfan syndrome are considered to be high risk during pregnancy and warrant a complete multidisciplinary evaluation. One goal is to minimize hemodynamic fluctuations during labor since hypertensive episodes may result in aortic dissection or rupture. Although they may prevent these complications, neuraxial techniques may be complicated by dural ectasia. The case of a parturient with the Marfan syndrome and mild dural ectasia is presented. During attempted labor epidural placement, unintentional dural puncture occurred...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
J Singer, A Jank, S Amara, P D H Stepan, U Kaisers, C Hoehne
Background: Peripartum anesthesia may consist of parenteral opioids and/or regional analgesia. There is only limited data in the literature comparing both methods in daily obstetric practice. This observational study investigated the opioids pethidine and meptazinol as well as regional analgesics with regard to their administration, efficacy, side effects and subjective maternal satisfaction with therapy. The rates of secondary regional analgesia administration after administration of the respective opioid served as a means of evaluating treatment...
September 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Viera Husarova, Laura Macdarby, Patrick Dicker, Fergal D Malone, Conan L McCaul
OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns in intrapartum analgesia use in the migrant obstetric population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis included all deliveries with neonates above 500g in weight at a university hospital in Dublin, Ireland between 2009 and 2013. Analgesia was classified as neuraxial or non-neuraxial. Parturients were excluded owing to missing data, elective cesarean deliveries, and the use of analgesia during treatment for obstetric complications. RESULTS: There were 36 689 deliveries included in the present study...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Yeon-Dong Kim, Seon-Jeong Park, Junho Shim, Hyungtae Kim
The recently introduced pectoral nerve (Pecs) block is a simple alterative to the conventional thoracic paravertebral block or epidural block for breast surgery. It produces excellent analgesia and can be used to provide balanced anesthesia and as a rescue block in cases where performing a neuraxial blockade is not possible. In the thoracic region, a neuraxial blockade is often used to manage zoster-associated pain. However, this can be challenging for physicians due to the increased risk of hemodynamic instability in the upper thoracic level, and comorbid and contraindicated medical conditions such as coagulopathy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Diogo Luís Pereira, Hugo Lourenço Meleiro, Inês Araújo Correia, Sara Fonseca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty are associated with chronic pain development. Of the studies focusing on perioperative factors for chronic pain, few have focused on the differences that might arise from the anesthesia type performed during surgery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study performed between July 2014 and March 2015 with patients undergoing unilateral elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis...
September 14, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Tomasz Gaszynski
INTRODUCTION: We report on the anesthetic management using opioid-free method of a patient with Steinert syndrome (myotonic dystrophy, MD), autosomal dominant dystrophy which is characterized by consistent contracture of muscle following stimulation. A myotonic crisis can be induced by numerous factors including hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In patients with MD, hypersensitivity to anesthetic drugs, especially muscle relaxants and opioids, may complicate postoperative management...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Caitlyn Rose Moss, Julia Christine Caldwell, Babatunde Afilaka, Khaled Iskandarani, Vernon Michael Chinchilli, Patrick McQuillan, Amanda Beth Cooper, Niraj Gusani, Dmitri Bezinover
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Postoperative pain can significantly affect surgical outcomes. As opioid metabolism is liver-dependent, any reduction in hepatic volume can lead to increased opioid concentrations in the blood. The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that patients undergoing open hepatic resection would require less opioid for pain management than those undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 79 adult patients who underwent open liver resection and eighty patients who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy at our medical center between January 01, 2010 and June 30, 2013 were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Agnes M Lamon, Ashraf S Habib
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. It is associated with increased comorbidities and increased maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. The risk of cesarean delivery is also increased in obese parturients. Anesthetic management of the obese parturient is challenging and requires adequate planning. Therefore, those patients should be referred to antenatal anesthetic consultation. Anesthesia-related complications and maternal mortality are increased in this patient population. The risk of difficult intubation is increased in obese patients...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Khaled R Al-Zaben, Ibraheem Y Qudaisat, Aboud N Alja'bari, Omar A Ababneh, Al-Motassem M Yousef, Abdulrahman M Al-Shudifat
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of caudal and intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine (1 μg/kg) on postoperative analgesia after caudal bupivacaine in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal and perineal surgeries. DESIGN: A randomized controlled double-blind study. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I children, aged 1 to 6 years...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Judith Hattler, Markus Klimek, Rolf Rossaint, Michael Heesen
BACKGROUND: Combined spinal-epidural labor analgesia has gained popularity, but it is unclear whether this technique is associated with a higher incidence of nonreassuring fetal heart rate (FHR) tracings compared with epidural analgesia. Our meta-analysis aimed at comparing the incidence of nonreassuring FHR tracings between the 2 neuraxial techniques. METHODS: Databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials that compared the incidence of nonreassuring FHR tracings, as defined in the individual studies, after combined spinal-epidural versus epidural analgesia in laboring women...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
A T Dennis, S M Mulligan
OBJECTIVE: We determined pain experience and analgesic usage in women with preeclampsia (PE) after caesarean section (CS). METHOD: We conducted a one-year retrospective case (PE), control (healthy pregnancy HP) study in women undergoing CS. RESULTS: Sixty-two women were included. Cases received more intrathecal bupivacaine (mean difference 0.4 mg) and in the first six hours postoperatively received (mean ± SD, % or median (interquartile range, IQR)), less oxycodone (11...
July 28, 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
T Anthony Anderson, Jeon Woong Kang, Tatyana Gubin, Ramachandra R Dasari, Peter T C So
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anesthesia and epidural steroid injection techniques require precise anatomical targeting to ensure successful and safe analgesia. Previous studies suggest that only some of the tissues encountered during these procedures can be identified by spectroscopic methods, and no previous study has investigated the use of Raman, diffuse reflectance, and fluorescence spectroscopies. The authors hypothesized that real-time needle-tip spectroscopy may aid epidural needle placement and tested the ability of spectroscopy to distinguish each of the tissues in the path of neuraxial needles...
October 2016: Anesthesiology
Yong Liu, Xiao Yu, Xingxing Sun, Qing Ling, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Ailin Luo, Yuke Tian, Wei Mei
BACKGROUND: Paravertebral block is often used to provide postoperative analgesia after renal surgery. In this case-series report, we present our experience with 3 patients in whom percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed successfully under ultrasound-guided 3-segment lumbar-thoracic paravertebral block. CASE SUMMARY: Three patients were scheduled for percutaneous nephrolithotomy. All 3 patients were high-risk cases for both general and neuraxial anesthesia. After due deliberation and with the consent of patient and his family, ultrasound-guided paravertebral block was performed...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michael L Kent, Hung-Lun John Hsia, Thomas J Van de Ven, Thomas E Buchheit
OBJECTIVE: To review acute pain management strategies in patients undergoing amputation with consideration of preoperative patient factors, pharmacologic/interventional modalities, and multidisciplinary care models to alleviate suffering in the immediate post-amputation setting. BACKGROUND: Regardless of surgical indication, patients undergoing amputation suffer from significant residual limb pain and phantom limb pain in the acute postoperative phase. Most studies have primarily focused on strategies to prevent persistent pain with inclusion of immediate postoperative outcomes as secondary measures...
July 8, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Jacques T YaDeau, Chad M Brummett, David J Mayman, Yi Lin, Enrique A Goytizolo, Douglas E Padgett, Michael M Alexiades, Richard L Kahn, Kethy M Jules-Elysee, Kara G Fields, Amanda K Goon, Yuliya Gadulov, Geoffrey Westrich
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine is effective for chronic musculoskeletal and neuropathic pain, but there are insufficient data to recommend the use of antidepressants for postoperative pain. The authors hypothesized that administration of duloxetine for 15 days would reduce pain with ambulation at 2 weeks after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: In this triple-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, patients received either duloxetine or placebo for 15 days, starting from the day of surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesiology
Michael Heesen, Markus Klimek
Neuraxial labor analgesia can be initiated via combined spinal-epidural (CSE) or stand-alone epidural. Pros and cons of these techniques are outlined in this review. In recent years computer-integrated patient-controlled epidural analgesia (CI-PCEA) and programed intermittent epidural boluses (PIEB) have been developed, adding to continuous infusion and PCEA for the maintenance of neuraxial analgesia. Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and fever can occur secondary to labor epidural that both have clinical relevance for the care givers...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Enrique A Goytizolo, Ottokar Stundner, Sandra Hurtado Rúa, Dorothy Marcello, Valeria Buschiazzo, Ansara M Vaz, Stavros G Memtsoudis
BACKGROUND: While it is assumed that neuraxial analgesia and pain management may beneficially influence perioperative hemodynamics, few studies provided data quantifying such effects and none have assessed the potential contribution of the addition of a nerve block. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This clinical trial compared the visual analog scale (VAS) scores and measurement of arterial tone using augmentation index of patients who received combined spinal-epidural (CSE) only to patients who received both CSE and lumbar plexus block...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"