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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918413/post-traumatic-growth-and-its-relationship-to-quality-of-life-up-to-9-years-after-liver-transplantation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#1
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, Rupert Conrad, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918199/psychosocial-barriers-to-healthcare-use-among-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Paduch, Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sigrid Droste, Adrian Loerbroks, Monica Sørensen, Marina Maggini, Andrea Icks
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review regarding psychosocial barriers to healthcare use in individuals with diabetes mellitus, using a well-established model of health-service use as a theoretical framework. METHODS: We used database-specific controlled vocabularies and additional free text terms, and conducted searches via MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, OVID Journals. Included studies were rated according to the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria...
September 13, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#3
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918107/depression-evening-salivary-cortisol-and-inflammation-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-psychoneuroendocrinological-structural-regression-model
#4
Sara F Milrad, Daniel L Hall, Devika R Jutagir, Emily G Lattie, Sara J Czaja, Dolores M Perdomo, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Michael H Antoni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a poorly understood illness that is characterized by diverse somatic symptoms, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction and heightened inflammatory indicators. These symptoms are often exacerbated and accompanied by psychological distress states and depression. Since depression is known to be associated with HPA axis dysfunction and greater inflammation, a psychoneuroendocrinological (PNE) model of inflammation was examined in persons diagnosed with CFS in order to uncover underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms in this poorly understood chronic illness...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#5
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917196/possible-predictors-of-age-at-illness-onset-and-illness-duration-in-a-cohort-study-comparing-younger-adults-and-older-major-affective-patients
#6
Gianluca Serafini, Xenia Gonda, Fiammetta Monacelli, Matteo Pardini, Maurizio Pompili, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore
BACKGROUND: Major affective conditions are associated with significant disability and psychosocial impairment. Whether specific socio-demographic and clinical characteristics may distinguish subgroups of patients in terms of prognosis and illness trajectories is a matter of debate. METHODS: The sample of this naturalistic cohort study included 675 currently euthymic patients with major affective disorders of which 428 (63.4%) were diagnosed with unipolar and 247 (36...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#7
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916954/discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-representative-sample-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-youth
#8
Lee M Pachter, Cleopatra H Caldwell, James S Jackson, Bruce A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Racism and discrimination are psychosocial stressors that affect the health of minority populations. While discrimination has been associated with poor mental health, little is known about the relationship between discrimination and mental health outcomes in youth nationally. Furthermore, mental and behavioral health consequences of discrimination may differ in different minority groups. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine (1) how common perceptions of discrimination are in a nationally representative sample of African-American (AA) and Afro-Caribbean (AC) teens, (2) the relationship between discrimination and mental health conditions, and (3) whether discrimination has different associations with mental health in AA and AC youth...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#9
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916927/genetic-test-risk-prediction-and-counseling
#10
Maggie Haitian Wang, Haoyi Weng
Advancement in technology has nurtured the new era of genetic tests for personalized medicine. In this chapter, we will introduce the current development, challenges, and the outlook of genetic test, disease risk prediction, and genetic counseling. In the first section, we will present the success cases in the areas of molecular classification of tumors, pharmacogenomics, and Mendelian disorders, and the challenges of genetic tests implementations. In the second section, common methods for genetic risk prediction models and evaluation measures will be introduced, as well as challenges in feature reliability, risk model stability, and clinical utility...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916260/primary-facial-reanimation-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Axel Sahovaler, David Yeh, John Yoo
Facial Paralysis (FP) profoundly impairs the life of individuals, both functionally and psychosocially. Surgical approaches to treat this condition are myriad, but the ultimate goal is to restore symmetry and movement. Ablative surgery for tumors of the head and neck region are amongst the most common etiologies causing FP and this group of patients represents unique challenges. Surgical defects may have multiple competing reconstructive requirements and addressing the FP must be considered in this context...
September 12, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915867/the-associations-between-workplace-bullying-salivary-cortisol-and-long-term-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Theis Lange, Paul Maurice Conway, Jens Peter Bonde, Anne Helene Garde, Maria Gullander, Linda Kaerlev, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Annie Høgh, Åse Marie Hansen
BACKGROUND: Workplace stressors, such as bullying, are strongly related to subsequent long-term sickness absence, but little is known of the possible physiological mechanisms linking workplace stressors and sickness absence. The primary aim of this study was to investigate to what extent cortisol levels were associated with subsequent sickness absence and if cortisol mediated the association between workplace bullying and sickness absence. We additionally investigated possible bidirectional associations between bullying, cortisol, and long-term sickness absence...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#13
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915078/pediatric-specific-end-of-life-care-quality-measures-an-unmet-need-of-a-vulnerable-population
#14
Emily E Johnston, Abby R Rosenberg, Arif H Kamal
We must ensure that the 20,000 US children (age 0 to 19 years) who die as a result of serious illness annually receive high-quality end-of-life care. Ensuring high-quality end-of-life care requires recognition that pediatric end-of-life care is conceptually and operationally different than that for adults. For example, in-hospital adult death is considered an outcome to be avoided, whereas many pediatric families may prefer hospital death. Because pediatric deaths are comparatively rare, not all centers offer pediatric-focused palliative care and hospice services...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914801/gender-differences-in-problematic-alcohol-consumption-in-university-professors
#15
Pablo Ruisoto, Silvia L Vaca, José J López-Goñi, Raúl Cacho, Iván Fernández-Suárez
The role of job satisfaction and other psychosocial variables in problematic alcohol consumption within professional settings remains understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the level of problematic alcohol consumption among male and female university professors and associated psychosocial variables. A total of 360 professors (183 men and 177 women) of a large private university in Ecuador were surveyed using standardized instruments for the following psychosocial measures: alcohol consumption, job satisfaction, psychological stress, psychological flexibility, social support and resilience...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914726/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-mood-and-sleep-in-interepisode-bipolar-disorder-and-insomnia-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-psychosocial-interventions
#16
Michael R Dolsen, Adriane M Soehner, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with bipolar disorder (BD), but less is known about how cytokines function during the interepisode period. This study examined cytokines, mood symptoms, and sleep in individuals with interepisode BD with complaints of insomnia. We also investigated the effects of a BD-specific modification of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBTI-BP) on cytokine levels. METHODS: The 22 adults with interepisode BD Type I and insomnia were drawn from a subset of an NIMH-funded study...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914692/increasing-suicide-risk-among-cancer-patients-in-lithuania-from-1993-to-2012-a-cancer-registry-based-study
#17
Auguste Kaceniene, Agne Krilaviciute, Jurgita Kazlauskiene, Giedre Bulotiene, Giedre Smailyte
Certain groups of individuals seem to have an increased risk of committing suicide, and a number of studies have reported an increased risk of suicide among cancer patients. In this study, we aim to estimate the risk of suicide among cancer patients in Lithuania over the period 1993-2012. The records of patients diagnosed with primary cancer were extracted from the population-based Lithuanian Cancer Registry and 273 511 cases of first cancer were included in the analysis. Sex, age and calendar period-standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated by dividing the observed numbers of suicides among cancer patients by the expected number using national rates...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914641/elderly-recipients-of-liver-transplantation-impact-of-age-and-psychosocial-variables-on-outcome
#18
Shehzad Niazi, Terry Schneekloth, C Burcin Taner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With expanding experience and success of liver transplantation, increasing numbers of elderly candidates await and undergo liver transplantation. There is accumulating evidence that graft survival and mortality does not appear to differ significantly between the young and carefully selected elderly liver transplantation recipients. Although existing evidence suggests that psychosocial factors impact outcomes after liver transplantation in general, no such information is available specifically for elderly (age ≥65 years) liver transplantation recipients...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914563/patients-with-psychological-icpc-codes-in-primary-care-a-case-control-study-investigating-the-decade-before-presenting-with-problems
#19
Luc G Gidding, Mark G Spigt, Geert-Jan Dinant
BACKGROUND: Recognizing patients with psychological problems can be difficult for general practitioners (GPs). Use of information collected in electronic medical records (EMR) could facilitate recognition. OBJECTIVES: To assess relevant EMR parameters in the decade before patients present with psychological problems. METHODS: Exploratory case-control study assessing EMR parameters of 58 228 patients recorded between 2013 and 2015 by 54 GPs...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914487/illness-perceptions-explain-the-variance-in-functional-disability-but-not-habitual-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Marijke Leysen, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Erik Fransen, Christophe Demoulin, Rob Smeets, Nathalie A Roussel
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of psychosocial factors has been highlighted in many studies in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is a lack of research examining the role of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the value of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. METHODS: Eighty-four participants with CLBP (> 3 months) completed a battery of questionnaires investigating psychosocial factors (pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), illness perceptions questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and SF-36 mental health scale (SF-36_MH)) as well as the perceived pain intensity (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Baecke questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
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