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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923242/-social-inequalities-and-rehabilitation-among-patients-with-mental-illness
#1
K Hofreuter-Gätgens, R Deck, O von dem Knesebeck
Objectives: The concept of social position ("soziale Lagen") includes horizontal (gender, age) and vertical (occupation, education) indicators of social inequalities. For the first time, this concept is used to identify health and health care inequalities among rehabilitation patients with mental illness. Methods: Analyses are based on a survey of 327 patients with mental illness in rehabilitation clinics in northern Germany. Social inequalities are analyzed according to psychosocial health at baseline, utilization of therapies during the stay and psychosocial health 4 month after discharge by applying bi- and multivariate statistical procedures...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923182/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-hair-cortisol-in-a-south-london-community-sample
#2
Susanne Fischer, Roman Duncko, Stephani L Hatch, Andrew Papadopoulos, Laura Goodwin, Souci Frissa, Matthew Hotopf, Anthony J Cleare
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) measures are crucial for research into stress and stress-related disorders. Most HPA measures fluctuate depending on diurnal rhythms and state confounders. Hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) are less susceptible to such fluctuations, but less is known about trait-like confounders. Using a community sample, we tested the relationship between HCC and a range of variables including demographic variables, hair treatment, and medication, as well as psychosocial variables, namely childhood trauma, critical life events, and depressive symptoms...
November 17, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#3
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#4
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#5
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922202/current-practices-for-screening-consent-and-care-of-related-donors-in-france-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-coordinator-nurses-perceptions
#6
A Polomeni, C Bompoint, A Gomez, E Brissot, A Ruggeri, R Belhocine, M Mohty
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation-coordinating nurses (HSCT-CNs) play an important role in informing related donors (RDs) and in organising human leucocyte antigen (HLA) tests, pre-donation workup and stem cells collection. Our pilot study aimed to explore French HSCT-CNs' perceptions of RD care issues. Twenty-nine French HSCT adult units were sent a questionnaire on the subject of donation procedures, HSCT-CNs' data and their professional experience of related donation issues. Twenty-two HSCT-CNs returned a completed questionnaire, and 90% of HSCT units were involved to some degree in both patient and donor care...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#7
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921274/evaluating-determinants-of-rural-villagers-engagement-in-conservation-and-waste-management-behaviors-based-on-integrated-conceptual-framework-of-pro-environmental-behavior
#8
Piyapong Janmaimool, Chaweewan Denpaiboon
This study aims to evaluate determinants of villagers' engagement in pro-environmental behavior (PEB), including ecological conservation behavior (ECB) and waste management behavior (WMB). An integrated exploratory model representing the proposed relationship between villagers' engagement in ECB/WMB and their determinants was created based on the integration of the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the Stern's value belief norm (VBN) theory, environmental education and psychosocial characteristic perspectives...
December 2016: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921128/-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-elderly
#9
M Weber, F Völlner, A Benditz, T Schwarz, M Wörner, B Craiovan, T Renkawitz, J Grifka
BACKGROUND: The number of total knee arthroplasties in elderly patients is increasing in accordance with the demographic shift in the population. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the special situation in the elderly, conservative treatment options, perioperative risk factors, preoperative preparation, special intraoperative features and outcome. METHODS: Analysis of currently available scientific data and presentation of own scientific study results...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920747/social-influence-and-different-types-of-red-light-behaviors-among-cyclists
#10
Federico Fraboni, Víctor Marín Puchades, Marco De Angelis, Gabriele Prati, Luca Pietrantoni
Accident analysis and studies on traffic revealed that cyclists' violation of red-light regulation is one typical infringement committed by cyclists. Furthermore, an association between cyclists' crash involvement and red-light violations has been found across different countries. The literature on cyclists' psychosocial determinants of red-light violation is still scarce. The present study, based on the classification of cyclists' red-light behavior in risk-taking (ignoring the red-light and traveling through the junction without stopping), opportunistic (waiting at red-lights but being too impatient to wait for green signal and subsequently crossing the junction), and law-obeying (stopping to obey the red-light), adopted an eye-observational methodology to investigate differences in cyclists' crossing behavior at intersections, in relation to traffic light violations and the presence of other cyclists...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920340/-the-church-of-online-support-examining-the-use-of-blogs-among-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia
#11
Joel G Anderson, Elizabeth Hundt, Morgan Dean, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Ruth Palan Lopez
Many individuals, including dementia caregivers, use blogs to share their experiences. These blogs contain rich narratives representing an untapped resource for understanding the psychosocial impact of caring for a person with dementia at the family level. The present study used blogs written by caregivers of persons with dementia to explore how these individuals leveraged this medium as part of the caregiving experience. Blogs written by self-identified informal caregivers of persons with dementia were identified using a systematic search method, and data were analyzed using a qualitative thematic analysis...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920118/patients-views-on-general-practitioners-role-during-treatment-and-follow-up-of-colorectal-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#12
Daan Brandenbarg, Carriene Roorda, Michelle Stadlander, Geertruida H de Bock, Marjolein Y Berger, Annette J Berendsen
PURPOSE: To clarify experiences and preferences of patients regarding the current and future role of GPs during treatment and follow-up care of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured, audio-recorded, face-to-face interviews in patients' homes in the north of the Netherlands were performed. Patients were sampled purposively on age, gender, time since diagnoses and primary health care use. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically by two independent researchers until saturation was reached...
December 5, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919428/anxiety-and-comorbid-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-community-based-sample-of-young-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#13
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is common following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), but who is most at risk, and to what extent, is not well understood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from a randomly-selected community sample (Wave 1: 7397, Wave 2: 6621 and Wave 3: 6042) comprising three adult cohorts (young: 20-24 years of age, middle-aged: 40-44, older: 60-64), were analysed. The association between TBI history, anxiety and comorbid depression was assessed, controlling for age, sex, marital/employment status, medical conditions, recent life events, alcohol consumption, social support and physical activity...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919239/psychosocial-determinants-of-parental-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-decision-making-for-sons-methodological-challenges-and-initial-results-of-a-pan-canadian-longitudinal-study
#14
Samara Perez, Ovidiu Tatar, Gilla K Shapiro, Eve Dubé, Gina Ogilvie, Juliet Guichon, Vladimir Gilca, Zeev Rosberger
BACKGROUND: HPV vaccination decision-making is a complex process that is influenced by multiple psychosocial determinants. Given the change in policy recommendation to include males in routine HPV vaccination, our goals were to assess the HPV vaccination uptake in Canada, to understand where Canadian parents were situated in the HPV vaccine decision-making process for their son, how they changed over time and which psychosocial determinants were relevant for this process. METHODS: We used an online survey methodology and collected data from a nationally representative sample of Canadian parents of boys aged 9-16 at baseline (T1, February 2014) and at 9 months' follow-up (T2)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919103/primary-care-based-models-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-a-scoping-review
#15
P Todd Korthuis, Dennis McCarty, Melissa Weimer, Christina Bougatsos, Ian Blazina, Bernadette Zakher, Sara Grusing, Beth Devine, Roger Chou
Greater integration of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) in U.S. primary care settings would expand access to treatment for this condition. Models for integrating MAT into primary care vary in structure. This article summarizes findings of a technical report for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality describing MAT models of care for OUD, based on a literature review and interviews with key informants in the field. The report describes 12 representative models of care for integrating MAT into primary care settings that could be considered for adaptation across diverse health care settings...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#16
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919059/role-of-maternal-occupational-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-adverse-birth-outcomes
#17
Laura J Lee, Elaine Symanski, Philip J Lupo, Sarah C Tinker, Hilda Razzaghi, Wenyaw Chan, Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association of an array of estimated maternal occupational physical activities and psychosocial stressors during pregnancy with odds for preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Data for infants born without major birth defects delivered from 1997 to 2009 whose mothers reported working at least 1 month during pregnancy were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. We linked occupational codes to the US Department of Labor's Occupational Information Network, which provides estimates of exposure for multiple domains of physical activity and psychosocial stressors by occupational categories...
October 6, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919020/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-in-medical-students
#18
Elena R Lebedeva, Natalia R Kobzeva, Denis V Gilev, Nadezhda V Kislyak, Jes Olesen
BACKGROUND: In our previous study of workers, blood donors and medical students, students stood out with a higher 1-year prevalence of migraine (28%) and tension-type headache (TTH) (74%). General factors associated with headache were common for all groups except low physical activity. The hypothesis of this study was therefore that a number of psychosocial factors relating to the personal sphere would better explain the high prevalence of migraine and TTH in students. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1042 students (719 females, 323 males, mean age 20...
November 8, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918875/the-relationship-between-psychosocial-factors-in-the-patient-oncologist-relationship-and-quality-of-care-a-study-of-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Daniel Sikavi, Allyson J Weseley
This study examined the relationship between psychosocial factors in the patient-oncologist relationship and aspects of care among women with breast cancer. Breast cancer patients (N = 118) completed a questionnaire about their relationship with their oncologist, their treatment, and their health. While trust was related to several positive outcomes, physician supportiveness was most strongly related to satisfaction with care, and health care access was most strongly associated with general health. The results suggest that the addition of supportiveness and healthcare access to trust provide a more complete picture of patients' health outcomes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918841/community-effectiveness-rct-of-a-comprehensive-psychosocial-treatment-for-high-functioning-children-with-asd
#20
Marcus L Thomeer, Christopher Lopata, James P Donnelly, Adam Booth, Andrew Shanahan, Veronica Federiconi, Christin A McDonald, Jonathan D Rodgers
This community effectiveness randomized clinical trial examined the feasibility and effectiveness of a comprehensive psychosocial treatment, summerMAX, when implemented by a community agency. Fifty-seven high-functioning children (48 male, 9 female), ages 7-12 years with autism spectrum disorder participated in this study. The 5-week summerMAX treatment included instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social-communication skills, interpretation of nonliteral language skills, face-emotion recognition skills, and interest expansion...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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