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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331971/a-study-protocol-for-a-non-randomised-comparison-trial-evaluating-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-cognitive-behavioural-programme-with-integrated-coaching-for-anxious-adults-in-primary-care
#1
Eva Szigethy, Francis Solano, Meredith Wallace, Dina L Perry, Lauren Morrell, Kathryn Scott, Megan Jones Bell, Megan Oser
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and subclinical GAD are highly prevalent in primary care. Unmanaged anxiety worsens quality of life in patients seen in primary care practices and leads to increased medical utilisation and costs. Programmes that teach patients cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques have been shown to improve anxiety and to prevent the evolution of anxiety symptoms to disorders, but access and engagement have hampered integration of CBT into medical settings...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331710/maternal-depression-and-suicide-at-immediate-prenatal-and-early-postpartum-periods-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#2
Peixia Shi, Hui Ren, Hong Li, Qin Dai
Maternal depression has been intensively explored; however, less attention has been paid to maternal suicide. No studies to date have observed maternal depression and suicide at immediate prenatal and early postpartum stages. In total, 213 Chinese women were recruited in hospitals after they were admitted for childbirth. All completed a short-term longitudinal survey at perinatal stages. Women reported lower depression scores (6.65) and higher suicidal ideation incidence (11.74%) after childbirth. Prenatal depression raised the possibility of prenatal suicidal ideation, while prenatal depression and suicidal ideation increased postpartum depression and suicidal ideation...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331697/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-birth-and-associated-risk-factors
#3
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well-established in general trauma populations, very little is known about the trajectories of birth-related PTSD. This study aimed to identify trajectories of birth-related PTSD; determine factors associated with each trajectory; and identify women more likely to develop birth-related PTSD. METHOD: 226 women who had traumatic childbirth according to DSM-IV criterion A were drawn from a community sample of 950 women...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331352/factors-associated-with-voice-disorders-among-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#4
Amanda Cibelly Brito Gois, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio Costa de Lima
INTRODUCTION: During the aging process, natural modifications occur in the larynx and the structures involved in phonation which explain the specific characteristics found in the voices of elderly persons. When, at any moment, a voice fails and there is interference with communication, a voice disorder has occurred. This can generate disadvantages in communicative efficiency and have a negative impact on quality of life, compromising mechanisms of socialization, the maintenance of autonomy, and the sense of well-being...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331049/prenatal-maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-offspring-s-asthma-and-allergic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Catherine Flanigan, Aziz Sheikh, Audrey DunnGalvin, Bronwyn K Brew, Catarina Almqvist, Bright I Nwaru
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress may influence offspring's atopic risk through sustained cortisol secretion resulting from activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-axis (HPA), leading to Th2-biased cell differentiation in the fetus. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the relationship between prenatal maternal psychosocial stress and risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases from 1960 to 2016, search the grey literature, and contacted experts in the field...
January 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330625/facilitating-adherence-to-endocrine-therapy-in-breast-cancer-stability-and-predictive-power-of-treatment-expectations-in-a-2-year-prospective-study
#6
Yiqi Pan, Sarah R Heisig, Pia von Blanckenburg, Ute-Susann Albert, Peyman Hadji, Winfried Rief, Yvonne Nestoriuc
PURPOSE: To identify modifiable factors predictive of long-term adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET). METHODS: As part of a 2-year cohort study in primary care (n = 116), we investigated whether initial treatment expectations predict adherence at 24 months after controlling for demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables. Treatment expectations were measured as necessity-concern beliefs, expected side-effect severity, and expected coping with side effects...
January 12, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330174/views-and-experiences-of-seeking-information-and-help-for-vitiligo-a-qualitative-study-of-written-accounts
#7
Emma Teasdale, Ingrid Muller, Amirah Abdullah Sani, Kim S Thomas, Beth Stuart, Miriam Santer
OBJECTIVES: Vitiligo is a relatively common autoimmune condition causing loss of skin pigment. Around 1 in 100 people in the UK develop vitiligo. It can have a significant impact on quality of life for many of those affected. How people access information and help for vitiligo may influence how they manage such impact. We aimed to explore people's views and experiences of seeking health information and help for vitiligo. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of free-text responses to four open-ended questions in an online survey...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329739/association-between-symptoms-of-central-sensitization-and-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-people-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Eva Huysmans, Kelly Ickmans, Dries Van Dyck, Jo Nijs, Yori Gidron, Nathalie Roussel, Andrea Polli, Maarten Moens, Lisa Goudman, Margot De Kooning
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between symptoms of central sensitization (CS) and important cognitive behavioral and psychosocial factors in a sample of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: Participants with chronic nonspecific low back pain for at least 3 months were included in the study. They completed several questionnaires and a functional test. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze associations between symptoms of CS and pain behavior, functioning, pain, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and illness perceptions...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329689/pediatric-obesity-current-concepts
#9
REVIEW
Donald E Greydanus, Marisha Agana, Manmohan K Kamboj, Saad Shebrain, Neelkamal Soares, Ransome Eke, Dilip R Patel
This discussion reflects on concepts of obesity in children and adolescents in the early 21st century. It includes reflections on its history, definition, epidemiology, diagnostic perspectives, psychosocial considerations, musculoskeletal complications, endocrine complications and principles of management. In addition to emphasis on diet and exercise, research and clinical applications in the second decade of the 21st century emphasize the increasing use of pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery for adolescent and adult populations with critical problems of overweight and obesity...
January 9, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#10
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329064/user-acceptability-of-the-diagnosis-of-prolonged-grief-disorder-how-do-professionals-think-about-inclusion-in-icd-11
#11
Leonie Dietl, Birgit Wagner, Thomas Fydrich
BACKGROUND: For the next edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) it is proposed to include prolonged grief disorder as a new diagnosis. The diagnosis describes persistent intensive and disabling grief reactions to bereavement (WHO, 2016b). The aim of the present survey was to determine the extent to which the diagnosis is accepted by practitioners in the healthcare and psychosocial field. METHODS: A total of 2088 German-speaking professionals in the fields of psychotherapy, psychology, counselling, medicine and palliative care completed the online survey...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329061/experimental-effects-of-acute-exercise-duration-and-exercise-recovery-on-mood-state
#12
Elizabeth A Crush, Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to various psychosocial parameters, affective responses to exercise play an important role in subserving future exercise behavior. This study comprehensively evaluated whether acute exercise duration and recovery period influenced the relationship between moderate-intensity walking exercise and mood profile. METHOD: We employed a randomized controlled cross-over trial. Participants completed two laboratory visits, separated by one-week...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328360/metabolic-side-effects-in-patients-using-atypical-antipsychotic-medications-during-hospitalization
#13
Gül Dikeç, Leyla Baysan Arabaci, Gülçin Bölük Uzunoglu, Selin Demet Mizrak
The current research evaluated metabolic side effects in inpatients (N = 271) using atypical antipsychotic medications in a psychiatric hospital in Turkey between June and December 2016. Data were collected via an information form created after reviewing the literature at the time of patients' hospitalization and discharge. According to the analysis, 73.8% of patients stated they experienced side effects from antipsychotic medications and 20.7% of patients experienced weight gain. A statistical difference was detected among body mass index, waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate during patient hospitalization and discharge...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328359/destigmatizing-mental-illness-an-innovative-evidence-based-undergraduate-curriculum
#14
Stacey M Carroll
Stigma toward individuals with mental illness is prevalent, not only in society but also among nurses caring for this population. Such stigma contributes to health disparities, discrimination, and a lack of providers working with those who experience mental illness. An evidence-based anti-stigma curriculum innovation in a mental health nursing course in an undergraduate program is described. The curriculum change, undertaken over 2 years, included two elements: (a) contact-based education, and (b) reflective activities...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328358/team-development-measure-in-interprofessional-graduate-education-a-pilot-study
#15
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Gary Skolits, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Andrea Franks
A faculty team developed the 4-week Recovery-Based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in their disciplines. The evaluation team identified the Team Development Measure (TDM) as a potential alternative to reflect team development during the RIDE rotation. The TDM, completed anonymously online, was piloted on the second student cohort (N = 18) to complete the RIDE rotation. The overall pretest mean was 60.73 points (SD = 11.85) of a possible 100 points, indicating that students anticipated their RIDE team would function at a moderately high level during the 4-week rotation...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328357/sensitizing-inpatient-mental-health-staff-to-the-challenges-of-aging
#16
Michelle R Zechner, Joseph C Birkmann, Jennifer Sperduto, Carlos Pratt
Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and rehabilitation staff and focused on improving aging awareness, problem solving, using person-centered therapeutic techniques, and engaging older adults...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328356/factor-structure-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adult-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Kathryn E Phillips, Karen M Jennings, Matthew Gregas
An exploratory factor analysis on the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is presented for a clinical sample of women with anorexia nervosa. THE EDE-Q was completed by 169 participants after admission to an inpatient unit for eating disorders. Results of the current study did not support the four-factor model presented by the EDE-Q. A new four-factor solution was obtained with two factors showing similarity to the Restraint and Eating Concern subscales of the original model. The Shape and Weight Concern items primarily loaded together on one factor, along with preoccupation with food and fear of losing control over eating, two Eating Concern items...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328354/end-of-life-conversations-as-a-legacy
#18
Jeanne M Sorrell
Advance directives such as living wills and health care powers of attorney are important documents that offer patients ways to avoid unwanted care when they are unable to express their wishes. Although health care professionals have increased focus on advance care planning in recent years, approximately two thirds of American adults do not have advance medical directives. In addition, 90% of individuals believe that talking to loved ones about end-of-life wishes is important, but only 27% have done so. It is important for nurses to understand the complex factors that influence how individuals make health care decisions and identify ways to encourage conversations with family, friends, and health care providers to help clarify patients' wishes for endof-life care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327519/psychiatric-co-morbidities-in-women-with-epilepsy
#19
Uma Sundar, Sonal Thakur Honrao, Nilesh Shah
Background: The co-existence of psychiatric co-morbidities with Epilepsy in women is multifactorial and complex, being closely related to hormonal status, medication side effects, and psychosocial factors. Aims: We aimed to study associated Psychiatric co-morbidities in women with Epilepsy (WWE), and correlate the same with seizure subtype and medication , compliance with treatment and seizure control. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, interview based study in OPD over 18 months, evaluating WWE over 13 years of age with at least 1 seizure in the last 1 year...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327166/loneliness-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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