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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820860/not-extent-of-telecommuting-but-job-characteristics-as-proximal-predictors-of-work-related-well-being
#1
Tinne Vander Elst, Ronny Verhoogen, Maarten Sercu, Anja Van den Broeck, Elfi Baillien, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820784/impact-of-targeted-education-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-and-psychosocial-attitudes-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-population
#2
Jennifer C Molokwu, Navkiran Shokar, Alok Dwivedi
Colorectal cancer remains a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality, with screening behavior found to be influenced by knowledge and other psychosocial attitudes. We recruited 784 participants 50 to 70 years of age. The intervention arm received a culturally sensitive, literacy-appropriate educational intervention by a promotora. Surveys were completed at baseline and 6 months post. Our intervention significantly increased knowledge at 6 months when compared with control (0.74 vs 0.18, P < ...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820511/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-dignity-therapy-life-plan-intervention-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#3
Ann Marie Dose, Joleen M Hubbard, Aaron S Mansfield, Pamela J McCabe, Catherine A Krecke, Jeff A Sloan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a dignity therapy/life plan intervention in the outpatient oncology setting.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Pilot descriptive study.
. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a tertiary oncology center. 
. PARTICIPANTS: 18 patients within 12 months after diagnosis undergoing treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer or non-small cell lung cancer.
. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Patients received dignity therapy, consisting of a focused life review/values clarification interview session and two subsequent sessions to produce a generativity document, which they can use later as they wish...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820017/directive-and-nondirective-social-support-in-the-workplace-is-this-social-support-distinction-important-for-subjective-health-complaints-job-satisfaction-and-perception-of-job-demands-and-job-control
#4
Tone Langjordet Johnsen, Hege Randi Eriksen, Aage Indahl, Torill Helene Tveito
AIMS: Social support is associated with well-being and positive health outcomes. However, positive outcomes of social support might be more dependent on the way support is provided than the amount of support received. A distinction can be made between directive social support, where the provider resumes responsibility, and nondirective social support, where the receiver has the control. This study examined the relationship between directive and nondirective social support, and subjective health complaints, job satisfaction and perception of job demands and job control...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#5
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818806/differences-in-the-relationship-between-traumatic-experiences-self-esteem-negative-cognition-and-internet-addiction-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-defectors-and-south-korean-adolescents-a-preliminary-study
#6
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Jin Yong Jun
North Korean adolescent defectors experience adaptation difficulties along with a wide range of psychosocial problems, but no study has yet examined their Internet addiction symptoms. We compared early traumatic experiences, self-esteem, negative cognition, and Internet addiction symptoms, as well as the relationships between these variables, between North Korean adolescent defectors and South Korean adolescents. Fifty-six North Korean adolescent defectors and 112 age- and sex- matched South Korean adolescents participated...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818682/the-epidemiology-of-driving-in-later-life-sociodemographic-health-and-functional-characteristics-predictors-of-incident-cessation-and-driving-expectations
#7
Kaarin J Anstey, Xiaolan Li, Diane E Hosking, Ranmalee Eramudugolla
AIM: To describe population-level characteristics of drivers and non-drivers in a cohort of older Australians and identify predictors of driving cessation and expectations. METHODS: The sample comprised the oldest cohort of the PATH Through Life project who were assessed 4 times between 2001 and 2013. At waves 3 and 4 questions on driving were included in the study interview. Data were also collected on health, physical and cognitive function and psychosocial wellbeing...
August 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818324/the-treatment-of-segmental-tibial-fractures-does-patient-preference-differ-from-surgeon-choice
#8
Z Little, T O Smith, S E McMahon, C Cooper, A Trompeter, M Pearse, S Britten, B Rogers, H Sharma, B Narayan, M Costa, D J Beard, C B Hing
INTRODUCTION: Segmental tibial fractures are complex injuries with a prolonged recovery time. Current definitive treatment options include intramedullary fixation or a circular external fixator. However, there is uncertainty as to which surgical option is preferable and there are no sufficiently rigorous multi-centre trials that have answered this question. The objective of this study was to determine whether patient and surgeon opinion was permissive for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing intramedullary nailing to the application of a circular external fixator...
August 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818300/birth-outcome-racial-disparities-a-result-of-intersecting-social-and-environmental-factors
#9
Heather H Burris, Michele R Hacker
Adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low-birth weight, and infant mortality continue to disproportionately affect black and poor infants in the United States. Improvements in healthcare quality and access have not eliminated these disparities. The objective of this review was to consider societal factors, including suboptimal education, income inequality, and residential segregation, that together lead to toxic environmental exposures and psychosocial stress. Many toxic chemicals, as well as psychosocial stress, contribute to the risk of adverse birth outcomes and black women often are more highly exposed than white women...
August 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818251/teens-tweets-and-tanning-beds-rethinking-the-use-of-social-media-for-skin-cancer-prevention
#10
Ashley E Falzone, Claire D Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos
The incidence of skin cancer is rising in the U.S., and melanoma, the deadliest form, is increasing disproportionately among young white women. Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for all skin cancers and continues to be used at the highest rates in young white women. Adolescents and young adults report personal appearance-based reasons for using indoor tanning. Previous research has explored the influences on tanning bed use, including individual factors as well as relationships with peers, family, schools, media influences, legislation, and societal beauty norms...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818242/young-adult-risk-factors-for-cancer-obesity-inflammation-and-sociobehavioral-mechanisms
#11
Yang Claire Yang, Moira P Johnson, Kristen M Schorpp, Courtney E Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
INTRODUCTION: The paper assesses social disparities in the burdens of metabolic and inflammatory risks for cancer in the U.S. young adult population and examines psychosocial and behavioral mechanisms in such disparities. METHODS: Using data of 7,889 individuals aged 12-32 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health from 1994 to 2009, generalized linear models were used to assess the sex, race/ethnicity, and SES differences in the risks of obesity and inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818002/green-care-as-psychosocial-intervention-for-depressive-symptoms-what-might-be-the-key-ingredients
#13
Rebecca E Salomon, Alison D Salomon, Linda S Beeber
BACKGROUND: Green care is an umbrella term for psychosocial interventions that integrate biotic and abiotic elements of nature to promote an individual's health and well-being. Green care decreases depressive symptoms but the parts of the interventions that lead to this effect are unknown. OBJECTIVES: Review of literature to evaluate perceived social support, behavioral activation, and self-efficacy as key ingredients to decrease depressive symptoms in psychosocial interventions and extrapolate those mediators, or key ingredients, to green care...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817993/early-psychosis-in-central-vietnam-a-longitudinal-study-of-short-term-functional-outcomes-and-their-predictors
#14
Seiji Humphries, Robert King, Michael P Dunne, Cat Huu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have investigated the functional outcomes of individuals with recent-onset psychotic illness in low- and middle-income countries. AIMS: To investigate short-term functional remission and its predictors in a central Vietnamese sample. METHODS: A naturalistic 6-month prospective cohort study recruited 79 patients of public health facilities who had experienced a first episode of schizophrenia or related illness in the past 18 months...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817859/collaboration-in-primary-care-through-the-integration-of-behavioral-health-professionals
#15
Jeremy J Vogt, H Bruce Vogt
Rising costs, poorer outcomes, and dissatisfied patients have challenged medical systems to rethink their approach to health care delivery. Although up to 70 percent of primary care visits stem from psychosocial issues, behavioral health services have traditionally occurred in separate buildings and systems. In order to decrease barriers and meet patients' and providers' needs, primary care practices have begun integrating behavioral health professionals into their clinics. Various levels of integration exist, but the best models fully integrate behavioral health clinicians into primary care teams, allowing for seamless collaboration...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817766/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-negative-academic-events-a-27-year-serial-prevalence-study-of-9-7-million-japanese-college-students
#16
Chiyoko Uchida, Mai Uchida
Objective: To examine the prevalence of and the factors contributing to leaves of absence and school discontinuation in Japanese college students over a 27-year period. Trends in these academic events over time were assessed, and students at elevated risk and psychosocial difficulties in need of supportive intervention were identified. Methods: Surveys were collected from the majority of Japanese national universities between 1985 and 2012, yielding data on a total of 9...
August 10, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#17
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817491/speed-of-improvement-in-symptoms-of-depression-with-desvenlafaxine-50-mg-and-100-mg-compared-with-placebo-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#18
Martin A Katzman, Andrew A Nierenberg, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Ellen Meier, Rita Prieto, Elizabeth Pappadopulos, Joan Mackell, Matthieu Boucher
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: This post hoc analysis examined the time point at which clinically significant improvement in major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms occurs with desvenlafaxine versus placebo. METHODS: Data were pooled from 9 short-term, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in adults with MDD randomly assigned to desvenlafaxine 50 mg/d, 100 mg/d, or placebo. A mixed-effects model for repeated-measures analysis of change from baseline score was used to determine the time point at which desvenlafaxine treatment groups separated from placebo on the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and psychosocial outcomes...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817427/what-predicts-ongoing-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-comparison-between-persistent-and-ceased-self-injury-in-emerging-adults
#19
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Ronny Bruffaerts, Laurence Claes, Imke Baetens, Mark Boyes, Philippe Mortier, Koen Demyttenaere, Janis Whitlock
Although nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) peaks in adolescence, a significant proportion of young people continue to self-injure into emerging adulthood. Yet, little is known about factors prospectively associated with persistent NSSI. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1466), we compared 51 emerging adults (67.3% female; average age, 20.0 years) who continued to self-injure from adolescence and 50 emerging adults (83.7% female; average age, 20.3 years) who had ceased NSSI, on a broad range of psychosocial factors...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817315/experience-of-menopause-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-pilot-study
#20
E Kaley Donaldson, V Huang, S Ross, B C Sydora
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are debilitating chronic intestinal diseases requiring extensive medical intervention. Little is known how IBD symptoms and treatments affect menopause experience and quality of life. The study's goal was to investigate the relationship between IBD and menopause. METHOD: Women with IBD, between the ages of 30 and 65 years, were recruited from an outpatient IBD clinic. They completed surveys on obstetric, medical, and IBD history and clinical disease activity...
August 17, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
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