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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#1
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782952/the-snakebite-problem-and-antivenom-crisis-from-a-health-economic-perspective
#2
Abdulrazaq G Habib, Nicholas I Brown
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781656/veterans-experiences-initiating-va-based-mental-health-care
#3
Michelle J Bovin, Christopher J Miller, Christopher J Koenig, Jessica M Lipschitz, Kara A Zamora, Patricia B Wright, Jeffrey M Pyne, James F Burgess
Military veterans who could benefit from mental health services often do not access them. Research has revealed a range of barriers associated with initiating United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care, including those specific to accessing mental health care (e.g., fear of stigmatization). More work is needed to streamline access to VA mental health-care services for veterans. In the current study, we interviewed 80 veterans from 9 clinics across the United States about initiation of VA mental health care to identify barriers to access...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781654/is-fatigue-a-disease-specific-or-generic-symptom-in-chronic-medical-conditions
#4
Juliane Menting, Cees J Tack, Gijs Bleijenberg, Rogier Donders, Hal A Droogleever Fortuyn, Jaap Fransen, Martine M Goedendorp, Joke S Kalkman, Riet Strik-Albers, Nens van Alfen, Sieberen P van der Werf, Nicol C Voermans, Baziel G van Engelen, Hans Knoop
OBJECTIVE: Severe fatigue is highly prevalent in various chronic diseases. Disease-specific fatigue models have been developed, but it is possible that fatigue-related factors in these models are similar across diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine the amount of variance in fatigue severity explained by: (a) the specific disease, (b) factors associated with fatigue across different chronic diseases (transdiagnostic factors), and (c) the interactions between these factors and specific diseases...
June 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781357/cognitive-and-physical-function-of-people-older-than-80-years-in-china-from-1998-to-2014
#5
Xiaoqian Hu, Yuhang Zeng, Xuemei Zhen, Hao Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Shuyan Gu, Hengjin Dong
Objectives This study was performed to describe the health status of Chinese oldest-old individuals aged ≥80 years from 1998 to 2014 and explore differences in their health status based on demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status. Methods Data were obtained from the seven waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Mini Mental State Examination, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, and chair stand test were used to examine cognitive and physical function...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781149/supporting-advanced-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-disability-consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia
#6
M McCarron, P McCallion, A Coppus, J Fortea, S Stemp, M Janicki, K Wtachman
BACKGROUND: The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia (Glasgow, Scotland; October 2016) noted that advanced dementia can be categorised as that stage of dementia progression characterised by significant losses in cognitive and physical function, including a high probability of further deterioration and leading to death. METHOD: The question before the Summit was whether there were similarities and differences in expressions of advanced dementia between adults with intellectual disability (ID) and adults in the general population...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780125/physical-disabilities-related-to-the-depressive-mental-states-of-japanese-patients-with-subacute-myelo-optico-neuropathy
#7
Tetsuro Konishi
Objective The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical conditions related to the depressive mental states in Japanese patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON), caused by clioquinol intoxication more than 40 years previously. Materials and methods The changes in the mental states with aging were investigated in 25 Japanese SMON patients (mean age: 77.2 years old, range: 53-90) using a Japanese version of the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (J-SDS) questionnaires with supportive interviews by the clinical psychotherapist and medical checkup records...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779408/the-relationship-between-employment-and-health-and-health-care-among-working-age-adults-with-and-without-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#8
Amanda Reichard, Michelle Stransky, Debra Brucker, Andrew Houtenville
PURPOSE: To better understand the relationship between employment and health and health care for people with disabilities in the United States (US). METHODS: We pooled US Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2004-2010) data to examine health status, and access to health care among working-age adults, comparing people with physical disabilities or multiple disabilities to people without disabilities, based on their employment status. Logistic regression and least squares regression were conducted, controlling for sociodemographics, health insurance (when not the outcome), multiple chronic conditions, and need for assistance...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779143/health-related-quality-of-life-in-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-mapped-against-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#9
REVIEW
Jana Le, Diana S Dorstyn, Elias Mpfou, Elise Prior, Phillip J Tully
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in coronary heart disease (CHD). However, variability in HRQoL indicators suggests a need to consider domain coverage. This review applies a globally accepted framework, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), to map HRQoL measures that are reliable and valid among people with CHD. METHODS: The Embase, Pubmed and PsycInfo databases were searched, with 10 observational studies comparing HRQOL among 4786 adults with CHD to 50949 controls identified...
May 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778652/frailty-and-diabetes-among-mexican-american-older-adults
#10
Bret T Howrey, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
PURPOSE: Progressive physical frailty in older adults is associated with increased risk of falls, disability, institutionalization, and mortality. Although associations between diabetes and frailty have been observed, the impact of diabetes on frailty in older Hispanics is largely unexplored. We examine the association of diabetes on the odds of frailty among older Mexican Americans. METHODS: Using data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly from 1995 until 2012, frailty was assessed by slow gait, weak hand grip strength, exhaustion, and unexplained weight loss (n = 1327)...
April 26, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778590/sternoclavicular-joint-palpation-pain-the-shoulder-s-waddell-sign
#11
Brent A Ponce, Adam T Archie, Shawna L Watson, Parke W Hudson, Mariano E Menendez, Gerald McGwin, Eugene W Brabston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex and subjective reality and can be magnified by nonorganic or nonanatomic sources. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between psychological factors and patients' perceptions of musculoskeletal pain and disability. In addition, nonorganic findings as part of the physical examination are well and long recognized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between a shoulder examination test, palpation of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), and psychosocial conditions including chronic pain, depression, and anxiety...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778294/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-national-analysis-based-on-world-mental-health-surveys
#12
Jordi Alonso, Sukanta Saha, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Evelyn J Bromet, Louisa Degenhardt, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oluyomi Esan, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Georges Karam, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Sing Lee, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Jose Posada-Villa, Nancy A Sampson, Kate M Scott, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Margreet Ten Have, Maria Carmen Viana, Ronald C Kessler, John J McGrath
Psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with a range of mental and physical disorders, and disability, but little is known about the association between PEs and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to investigate the association between PEs and five HRQoL indicators with various adjustments. Using data from the WHO World Mental Health surveys (n = 33,370 adult respondents from 19 countries), we assessed for PEs and five HRQoL indicators (self-rated physical or mental health, perceived level of stigma (embarrassment and discrimination), and social network burden)...
May 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776928/enrichment-of-clinically-relevant-organisms-in-spontaneous-preterm-delivered-placenta-and-reagent-contamination-across-all-clinical-groups-in-a-large-uk-pregnancy-cohort
#13
Lydia J Leon, Ronan Doyle, Ernest Diez-Benavente, Taane G Clark, Nigel Klein, Philip Stanier, Gudrun E Moore
In this study differences in the placental microbiota of term and preterm deliveries from a large UK pregnancy cohort were studied using 16S targeted amplicon sequencing. The impact of contamination from DNA extraction, PCR reagents, as well as those from delivery itself were also examined. A total of 400 placental samples from 256 singleton pregnancies were analysed and differences investigated between spontaneous preterm, non-spontaneous preterm, and term delivered placenta. DNA from recently delivered placenta was extracted, and screening for bacterial DNA was carried out using targeted sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene on the Illumina MiSeq platform...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776731/comorbidity-in-illness-induced-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-versus-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-external-events-in-a-nationally-representative-study
#14
Jordana L Sommer, Natalie Mota, Donald Edmondson, Renée El-Gabalawy
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared physical and mental health characteristics and quality of life of illness-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus those with PTSD due to external traumatic events in a population-based sample. METHOD: PTSD was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS-5) using DSM-5 criteria in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Participants with past-year PTSD (n = 1779) were categorized into two groups: illness-induced (6...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#15
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774358/successful-ageing-in-singapore-prevalence-and-correlates-from-a-national-survey-of-older-adults
#16
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Esmond Seow, Louisa Picco, Hong Choon Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to estimate the overall prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of successful ageing, as defined by Rowe and Kahn, among a national sample of multiethnic adults aged 60 years and older in Singapore. METHODS: Data from older adults who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study were analysed in the present study. Successful ageing included five indicators: no major diseases; no disability; high cognitive functioning; high physical functioning; and active engagement with life...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#17
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773696/electroacupuncture-as-a-complement-to-usual-care-for-patients-with-non-acute-low-back-pain-after-back-surgery-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
In Heo, Man-Suk Hwang, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha, Kyung-Min Shin, Jun-Hwan Lee, Nam-Kwen Kim, Dong-Wuk Son, Byung-Cheul Shin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the sample size for a large pragmatic study of the comparative effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) for low back pain (LBP) after back surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, active-controlled, assessor-blinded trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with recurrent or persistent LBP, defined as a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score of ≥50 mm, with or without leg pain after back surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised to an EA plus usual care (UC) group or to a UC alone group at a 1:1 ratio...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#19
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772872/spatial-analysis-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-search
#20
Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepúlveda, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death and disability in de world, and the detection of populations at risk as well as localization of vulnerable areas is essential for adequate epidemiological management. Techniques developed for spatial analysis, among them geographical information systems and spatial statistics, such as cluster detection and spatial correlation, are useful for the study of the distribution of the CVDs. These techniques, enabling recognition of events at different geographical levels of study (e...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
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