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Cough, COPD, Asthma, Allergy,

Christian Infante, Daniel B Chamberlain, Rahul Kodgule, Richard Ribon Fletcher
Pulmonary and respiratory diseases (e.g. asthma, COPD, allergies, pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.) represent a large proportion of the global disease burden, mortality, and disability. In this context of creating automated diagnostic tools, we explore how the analysis of voluntary cough sounds may be used to screen for pulmonary disease. As a clinical study, voluntary coughs were recorded using a custom mobile phone stethoscope from 54 patients, of which 7 had COPD, 15 had asthma, 11 had allergic rhinitis, 17 had both asthma and allergic rhinitis, and four had both COPD and allergic rhinitis...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Maeva Zysman, Gaëtan Deslee, Denis Caillaud, Pascal Chanez, Roger Escamilla, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Pascale Nesme-Meyer, Thierry Perez, Jean-Louis Paillasseur, Christophe Pinet, Gilles Jebrak, Nicolas Roche, Pierre-Régis Burgel
In patients with COPD, there is controversy regarding the association of blood eosinophil (Eos) levels with 1) exacerbation frequency and 2) the effect of inhaled corticosteroids for prevention of exacerbations. To determine whether Eos define subgroups of patients exhibiting attributes of COPD clinical phenotypes, we compared clinical features and mortality rates in COPD patients from the Initiatives BPCO French cohort categorized using different thresholds of blood Eos levels. The following data were collected at inclusion: medical and smoking history, occupational exposures, dyspnea, cough and sputum production, exacerbations in the previous year, history of allergy and asthma, nasal symptoms, body mass index, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score, post-bronchodilator spirometry, comorbidities, and medications...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Papiroon Noitasaeng, Phongthara Vichitvejpaisal, Uaypom Kaosombatwattana, Jaiyen Tassanee, Siriwongsa Suwannee
OBJECTIVE: Esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) was performed under the topical anesthesia of the pharynx. However spraying lidocaine was found to be an annoying maneuver to patients, while nebulized lidocaine appeared to efficiently suppress gags and cough reflexes in airway anesthesia. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of spraying and nebulized lidocaine for patients undergoing EGD. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 110 patients undergoing elective EGD, with a history of neither lidocaine intolerance nor irritable airways due to smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), upper respiratory infection, asthma, cardiac and pulmonary diseases and allergy to lidocaine were included...
May 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Josef Yayan, Kurt Rasche
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are two of the most common chronic lung diseases worldwide. Distinguishing between these different pulmonary diseases can be difficult in practice because of symptomatic similarities. A definitive diagnosis is essential for correct treatment. This review article presents the different symptoms of these two chronic inflammatory lung diseases following a selective search of the PubMed database for relevant literature published between 1996 and 2012. While cough occurs in both diseases, asthmatics often have a dry cough mainly at night, which is often associated with allergies...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Samarpita Dutta, Pradeep R Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory conditions are increasingly becoming a cause of health concern with India attributing 11% of its mortality due to non-communicable diseases to chronic respiratory conditions. Chronic bronchitis and asthma take a large toll in terms of morbidity. Lesser number of studies have mentioned their counts of these conditions affecting women in rural area and therefore the present study was conducted with the objectives of determining the prevalence and correlates of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in an area of a primary health centre in rural central India...
January 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Frank Hoffmeyer, Vera van Kampen, Dirk Taeger, Anja Deckert, Nina Rosenkranz, Marita Kaßen, Agnès Leonie Schantora, Thomas Brüning, Monika Raulf, Jürgen Bünger
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma is well characterized. However, it remains unknown whether an association exists between symptoms of upper and lower airway diseases and occupational bioaerosol exposure beyond the scope of allergy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current cross-sectional study focuses on 190 current and 59 former compost workers exposed to bioaerosols. Work-related symptoms indicative of conjunctivitis, rhinitis and lower airway irritation were assessed and compared with 38 non-exposed control subjects...
2014: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Chudchawal Juntarawijit
OBJECTIVES: Electricity generation from biomass has become a boom business. However, currently, concerns over their environmental and health impact have emerged. This study aimed to explore these health problems by studying two small biomass power plants in Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data concerning chronic diseases and health symptoms was collected from 392 people by trained interviewers by the use of a questionnaire. RESULTS: Residents living within 1 km from the power plants had a higher prevalence of allergies (Odds ratio = 2...
October 2013: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Olle Löwhagen
Asthma is a well defined disease in international consensus reports. However, in clinical praxis patients are often presenting asthma-like symptoms that are not explained by asthma and not by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the later being reported as the most common differential diagnosis. In an asthma and allergy clinic the most common differential diagnoses are asthma-like disorders, of which sensory hyperreactivity (SHR) can be identified by a capsaicin inhalation test. This review presents aspects on the investigation of adult patients with airway symptoms based on 20 years of clinical studies...
December 12, 2005: Läkartidningen
H M Boezen, D S Postma, J P Schouten, H A Kerstjens, B Rijcken
We investigated the coherence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) variability in their relation to allergy markers and respiratory symptoms in 399 subjects (20-70 yr). Bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine was defined by both the provocative dose causing a fall in FEV1 of 20%, and the dose-response slope. PEF variability was determined as diurnal PEF variation (amplitude percent mean) and between-day PEF variation. Skin tests positivity, serum total IgE, and specific IgE (RAST) for house-dust mite (HDM), cat, timothy grass, and birch ("pollen") were determined, as well as the number of peripheral blood eosinophils...
July 1996: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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