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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043745/treatment-of-wrist-fractures-2009-14
#1
Hebe Désirée Kvernmo, Petter Otterdal, Lise Balteskard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032873/intrarater-reliability-of-range-of-motion-measurements-of-the-uninjured-wrist-in-women-after-distal-radius-fracture
#3
Geoffrey H F Johnston, Samuel A Stewart
PURPOSE: To determine the intrarater reliability of serial wrist and forearm range of motion (ROM) measurements of the uninjured limb, by 1 evaluator using a standardized technique of measurement, in women who have sustained a distal radius fracture. METHODS: From December 2007 to December 2014, skeletally mature women who had sustained an isolated distal radius fracture routinely had sequential measurements of wrist extension and flexion as well as forearm supination and pronation in both their injured and their uninjured limbs, at a minimum of 3-week intervals...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030782/does-radiography-still-have-a-significant-diagnostic-role-in-evaluation-of-acute-traumatic-wrist-injuries-a-prospective-comparative-study
#4
Mohammad Abd Alkhalik Basha, Ahmad Abdel Azim Ismail, Ahmed Hatem F Imam
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the diagnostic role of radiography and multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in acute traumatic wrist injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight patients with acute wrist trauma were enrolled in our study. All patients had submitted to radiography and MDCT within 24 h after wrist trauma. The diagnostic role of radiography and MDCT was evaluated and compared. The effective radiation dose of the two techniques was calculated...
October 13, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027844/controversies-and-best-practices-for-acute-scaphoid-fracture-management
#5
Nina Suh, Ruby Grewal
Acute scaphoid fractures are common wrist injuries that continue to elicit debate from surgeons regarding the most appropriate diagnostic and management algorithms. This review will examine the current literature and trends, in an attempt to provide the reader with an evidence-based discussion regarding current controversies of interest to clinicians. In addition, an attempt will be made to provide recommendations for the best treatment practices for acute scaphoid fractures.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025607/peek-radiolucent-plate-for-distal-radius-fractures-multicentre-clinical-results-at-12-months-follow-up
#6
Bruno Di Maggio, Pasquale Sessa, Patrizia Mantelli, Pietro Maniscalco, Fabrizio Rivera, Giorgio Maria Calori, Luigi Bisogno, Gabriele Scaravilli, Marco Caforio
INTRODUCTION: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with plate and screws represents the recommended treatment for unstable intra-articular distal radius fractures. Although significant progresses in surgical technique have been made, anatomical reconstruction of radio-carpal articular surface still represent a difficult task, especially in multifragmentary fractures. Available PEEK reinforced-carbon fiber composite radiolucent devices allow both an easier and more careful assessment of intra-operative reduction of the articular surface of distal radius and prompt correction of any residual step deformity...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025606/does-routine-carpal-tunnel-release-during-fixation-of-distal-radius-fractures-improve-outcomes
#7
Antonio Medici, Luigi Meccariello, Giuseppe Rollo, Giancarlo De Nigris, Steven James Mccabe, Pedrag Grubor, Gabriele Falzarano
OBJECTIVE: This case-control study was designed to test the hypothesis whether carpal tunnel release (CTR) during fixation of distal radius 23-C2 AO fractures improves outcomes. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive patients who sustained distal radius fractures of the dominant hand participated in this study. Patients were allocated into two groups: (a) The ORIF + CTR (16 patients (11 males and 5 females)); (b) the ORIF and NOT CTR 19 patients (12 males and 7 females)...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025605/comparison-between-carbon-peek-volar-locking-plates-and-titanium-volar-locking-plates-in-the-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures
#8
Dario Perugia, Matteo Guzzini, Daniele Mazza, Carlo Iorio, Carolina Civitenga, Andrea Ferretti
INTRODUCTION: Unstable intra articular fractures of distal radius are frequently being managed with open reduction and internal fixation. Volar locking plate based on polyetheretherketon (PEEK) polymer has developed lately as an alternative to conventional metallic devices. The advantage of this kind of plates include the lack of metal allergies, radiolucency, low artefacts on MRI or imaging scans and the high resistance associated to loading forces. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results using a new Carbon-PEEK volar locking plate compared with titanium volar locking plates for the treatment of distal radius fractures...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023918/scrutinizing-the-genetic-underpinnings-of-bone-strength
#9
Fernando Rivadeneira, Andre G Uitterlinden
Every year osteoporosis causes millions of fractures worldwide, with the lifetime risk of suffering a wrist, hip or vertebral fracture estimated to be about 30% in developed countries [1]. Osteoporosis has been operationally defined for diagnostic and treatment purposes on the basis of the bone mineral density (BMD) assessment performed at the skeletal sites where fracture is most common. Nevertheless, BMD measurement alone is not optimal for the detection of individuals at high risk of fracture.
October 12, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023287/effects-of-illusory-kinesthesia-by-tendon-vibratory-stimulation-on-the-postoperative-neural-activities-of-distal-radius-fracture-patients
#10
Ryota Imai, Michihiro Osumi, Tomoya Ishigaki, Takayuki Kodama, Sotaro Shimada, Shu Morioka
Activation of motor-related regions with illusory kinesthesia had been suspected to contribute toward pain alleviation. We used electroencephalography (EEG) to assess the sensorimotor cortex activation during illusory kinesthesia by vibratory tendon stimulation in patients who were in pain. We investigated the relationship between the sensorimotor cortex and postoperative pain to clarify the analgesia mechanism. Patients who had undergone distal radius fracture surgery were studied. A hand massager provided the vibration stimulus for the illusory kinesthesia on the extensor digitorum muscle at the nonaffected hand's wrist joint on 7 consecutive days starting 1 day after surgery...
October 11, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019343/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-properties-and-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-us-adults
#11
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993002/recovery-patterns-over-4-years-after-distal-radius-fracture-descriptive-changes-in-fracture-specific-pain-disability-fall-risk-factors-bone-mineral-density-and-general-health-status
#12
Neha Dewan, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Karen Beattie
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive/Longitudinal cohort. INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fracture (DRF) is a common fall related fragility fracture that is known to be an early and independent predictor of secondary osteoporotic (OP) fractures. Changes in falls risk status, bone status and general health has not been evaluated prospectively in a population that has sustained a DRF. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study was to describe the status of fracture-specific pain/disability, fall risk factors such as physical activity (PA) and fear of falling (FOF), bone mineral density (BMD) and general health status (HS) in people with a DRF and how these variables change over four years with respect to sex, age, incidence of secondary falls and secondary OP fractures...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991580/scaphoid-union-the-role-of-wrist-arthroscopy
#13
REVIEW
Jeff Ecker
There are times when clinical examinations, radiographs, and computed tomography scans do not provide sufficient information to know whether a scaphoid fracture or scaphoid bone graft has united, partially united, or not united. When this problem arises, arthroscopic examination of the scaphoid fracture or scaphoid bone graft provides additional information to solve the problem and plan further management in an evidence-based manner. The indications for the use of arthroscopy and surgical technique are described...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991579/arthroscopic-management-of-intra-articular-malunion-in-fractures-of-the-distal-radius
#14
REVIEW
Francisco Del Piñal, James Clune
Treatment of intra-articular malunion of the distal radius has evolved over the past 20 years, from open treatment to wet then dry arthroscopic techniques that provide excellent results with less morbidity than open approaches. Dry wrist arthroscopy provides a well-visualized surgical space in treating intra-articular malunion and results in less edema than wet techniques. The best results are attained in the first 3 months after injury. Alternative methods for avoiding total wrist arthrodesis in those who present later have been developed...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991578/arthroscopic-assisted-reduction-of-intra-articular-distal-radius-fracture
#15
REVIEW
Yukio Abe, Kenzo Fujii
Wrist arthroscopy is an efficient adjunct for intra-articular distal radius fracture fixation. However, performing wrist arthroscopy during the plate fixation is troublesome with the vertical traction applied and released. To facilitate the procedure, the authors developed a surgical technique, plate presetting arthroscopic reduction technique (PART), using a palmar locking plate. Since July 2005, they have performed PART for 248 intra-articular distal radius fractures with good and excellent results. Arthroscopic-assisted reduction of intra-articular fragments is superior to fluoroscopic assisted...
November 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979606/volar-dislocation-of-second-third-and-fourth-carpometacarpal-joints-in-association-with-a-bennet-s-fracture-of-the-thumb-carpo-metacarpal-dislocation-a-case-report
#16
Pierluigi Di Felice Ardente, Joan Camí Biayna, Jordi Saus Sarrias, Antoni Nuñez Muñoz, Guillem Figueras Coll, Patricio Vergara
Injuries of the carpometacarpal joints of the long fingers are infrequent and go often unnoticed if a thorough clinical exploration and complete radiological assessment is not carried out. The overall frequency of carpometacarpal joints injuries is of 1-2% among trauma of the wrist and the carpus. These are normally secondary to high energy trauma (such as a car or a motorbike accidents). Among these kinds of injuries, the volar dislocation of the metacarpals is much less frequent than the dorsal dislocation, being even rarer the cases in which the three middle metacarpals are involved...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975362/significant-bone-loss-after-stopping-long-term-denosumab-treatment-a-post-freedom-study
#17
M B Zanchetta, J Boailchuk, F Massari, F Silveira, C Bogado, J R Zanchetta
We evaluate 38 elderly women who had received long-term denosumab treatment after stopping the drug. Taking into account the gain during treatment and the loss after stopping treatment, they lost 35.5% of the total gain in the spine, 44.6% of the total gain in the femoral neck, and 103.3% in the total hip. INTRODUCTION: Denosumab (DMAb) is a soluble inhibitor of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and, therefore, does not incorporate into the bone matrix. Consistently, DMAb discontinuation is associated with reversal of the effects attained with treatment...
October 3, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971244/an-uncommon-variant-of-the-essex-lopresti-injury
#18
Mohamed Ali Kedous, Ahmed Msakni, Wael Chebbi, Mourad Zaraa, Mondher Mbarek
The Essex-Lopresti injury is an extremely rare condition combining radial head or neck fracture, distal radio-ulnar joint dislocation and rupture of the interosseous membrane. However, there are rare or unusual varieties or associated injuries. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with a posterior dislocation of the radio-humeral joint, a radial shaft fracture, and a distal radio-ulnar joint dislocation. She underwent open reduction and internal fixation of the radial shaft fracture followed by an immobilization by a long elbow splint in supination for 6 weeks...
October 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958714/the-spectrum-of-pediatric-injuries-sustained-in-snow-sports
#19
Zara Summers, Warwick J Teague, John M Hutson, Cameron S Palmer, Helen E Jowett, Sebastian K King
BACKGROUND: Snow sports are popular among children but carry the potential for significant injury. Head injuries are less common than fractures and sprains but may be fatal. Helmets are recommended for all snow sports, and yet their effectiveness remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the spectrum of injuries sustained at three large alpine resorts and to assess the effect of helmet usage on injury severity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected pediatric trauma data (2005-2015) from the three largest alpine resorts in our state...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955694/change-of-bone-mineral-density-measurement-among-patients-with-osteoporotic-fractures-in-korean-population-using-national-claim-database
#20
Chan Ho Park, Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: Prior osteoporotic fractures are strongly associated with subsequent fractures. To prevent this, the diagnosis of osteoporosis following an osteoporotic fracture is important. The measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) is the first step in the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis. Therefore, this study aimed 1) to evaluate the rate of BMD measurement after osteoporotic fracture in the Korean population, and 2) to determine whether the rate of BMD measurement after osteoporotic fracture changed between 2005 and 2010...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
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