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Yuriko Doi
 Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is fundamental to ensuring high-quality medical care. It requires systematic reviews and meta-analyses to synthesize diverse information available from individual clinical studies. However, the literature reviewed may represent an incomplete and selective set of research findings, which could lead to publication/reporting biases and distort the true picture of research as a whole. Prospective registry of all clinical trials in the world is mandatory to reduce the biases, which have been disclosed on the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 2007...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Bingjing Zhao, Hong Wang, Ning Qiao, Chao Wang, Min Hu
The purpose of this study is to determine the corrosion resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy fabricated with electron beam melting and selective laser melting for implantation in vivo. Ti-6Al-4V alloy specimens were fabricated with electron beam melting (EBM) and selective laser melting (SLM). A wrought form of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was used as a control. Surface morphology observation, component analysis, corrosion resistance experimental results, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, crevice corrosion resistance experimental results, immersion test and metal ions precipitation analysis were processed, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Magnolia Cardona-Morrell, Gustavo Benfatti-Olivato, Jesse Jansen, Robin M Turner, Diana Fajardo-Pulido, Ken Hillman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the range of decision aids (DAs) available to enable informed choice for older patients at the end of life and assess their effectiveness or acceptability. METHODS: Search strategy covered PubMed, Scopus, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, CINAHL and PsycInfo between 1995 and 2015. The quality criteria framework endorsed by the International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) was used to assess usefulness. RESULTS: Seventeen DA interventions for patients, their surrogates or health professionals were included...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Dwayne Van Eerd, Kristine Newman, Ryan DeForge, Robin Urquhart, Evelyn Cornelissen, Katie N Dainty
BACKGROUND: Developing a healthcare delivery system that is more responsive to the future challenges of an aging population is a priority in Canada. The World Health Organization acknowledges the need for knowledge translation frameworks in aging and health. Knowledge brokering (KB) is a specific knowledge translation approach that includes making connections between people to facilitate the use of evidence. Knowledge gaps exist about KB roles, approaches, and guiding frameworks. The objective of the scoping review is to identify and describe KB approaches and the underlying conceptual frameworks (models, theories) used to guide the approaches that could support healthy aging...
October 19, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Iwao Kuwajima
Since a concept of Evidence-based Medicine appeared in medical field in 1991, modern medical treatment have been remarkably changed.However, delusive belief of EBM without criticism has brought negative aspect, such as utilization of EBM by companies as a tool of promotion of drug or medical device.Although most of clinical trials were financially supported by drug companies. result of clinical trial does not always ended in favor of test drug or device. When negative results appeared, various way were taken by industry such as usage of SPIN, emphasizing secondary endpoint...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Lars Lindholm
Evidence based medicine, EBM is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision making by use of evidence from well designed and well conducted research.EBM classifies evidence by its strength and requires that only the strongest types (RCTs, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews can yield strong recommendations.EBP has, however, been criticized and found to have many limitations such as:EBM classifies the strength in three grades for recommendationsBut how do we decide what is high, medium or low quality?The impact on recommendations of different types study designs will be discussed...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Byron C Wallace, Joël Kuiper, Aakash Sharma, Mingxi Brian Zhu, Iain J Marshall
Systematic reviews underpin Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) by addressing precise clinical questions via comprehensive synthesis of all relevant published evidence. Authors of systematic reviews typically define a Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcome (a PICO criteria) of interest, and then retrieve, appraise and synthesize results from all reports of clinical trials that meet these criteria. Identifying PICO elements in the full-texts of trial reports is thus a critical yet time-consuming step in the systematic review process...
2016: Journal of Machine Learning Research: JMLR
Pavel Weber, Hana Meluzínová, Dana Prudius, Katarína Bielaková
Polypharmacy is common in the elderly, especially in the late age (over 75 years). Usually it is closely related to the geriatric multi-morbidity. The authors highlight the medication used in the anticipated positive and potential negative potential. While physicians often must make difficult trade-offs between the guidelines on one hand and complicated multi-morbidity, on the other hand, while trying to avoid polypharmacy ( 5 drugs), especially excessive polypharmacy ( 10 drugs). Multimorbid elderly patients who are treated in accordance with guidelines typically use large amounts of medicaments...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Mukul Chandra Kapoor
Medical research has evolved, from individual expert described opinions and techniques, to scientifically designed methodology-based studies. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) was established to re-evaluate medical facts and remove various myths in clinical practice. Research methodology is now protocol based with predefined steps. Studies were classified based on the method of collection and evaluation of data. Clinical study methodology now needs to comply to strict ethical, moral, truth, and transparency standards, ensuring that no conflict of interest is involved...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Mark F Reinking, Tricia M Austin, Randy R Richter, Mary M Krieger
CONTEXT: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common condition in active individuals and presents as diffuse pain along the posteromedial border of the tibia. OBJECTIVE: To use cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies to identify significant MTSS risk factors. DATA SOURCES: Bibliographic databases (PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, PEDRo), grey literature, electronic search of full text of journals, manual review of reference lists, and automatically executed PubMed MTSS searches were utilized...
October 11, 2016: Sports Health
Rachelle N Palchesko, James L Funderburgh, Adam W Feinberg
Basement membranes are protein-rich extracellular matrices (ECM) that are essential for epithelial and endothelial tissue structure and function. Aging and disease cause changes in the physical properties and ECM composition of basement membranes, which has spurred research to develop methods to repair and/or regenerate these tissues. An area of critical clinical need is the cornea, where failure of the endothelium leads to stromal edema and vision loss. Here, an engineered basement membrane (EBM) is developed that consists of a dense layer of collagen IV and/or laminin ≈5-10 nm thick, created using surface-initiated assembly, conformally attached to a collagen I film...
October 10, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Matthias Benndorf, Jakob Neubauer, Mathias Langer, Elmar Kotter
PURPOSE: In the diagnostic process of primary bone tumors, patient age, tumor localization and to a lesser extent sex affect the differential diagnosis. We therefore aim to develop a pretest probability calculator for primary malignant bone tumors based on population data taking these variables into account. METHODS: We access the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute, 2015 release) database and analyze data of all primary malignant bone tumors diagnosed between 1973 and 2012...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Manoj Kumar Sahu, Anuradha Singal, Ramesh Menon, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Alka Mohan, Mala Manral, Divya Singh, V Devagouru, Sachin Talwar, Shiv Kumar Choudhary
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutritional supplementation in infants with cardiac malformations after surgical repair is a challenge. Critically ill infants in the early postoperative period are in a catabolic stress. The mismatch between estimated energy requirement (EER) and the intake in the postoperative period is multifactorial, predisposing them to complications such as immune deficiency, more infection, and growth failure. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of enriched breast milk feed on postoperative recovery and growth of infants after open heart surgery...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Laura Barrachina, Ana Rosa Remacha, Antonio Romero, Francisco José Vázquez, Jorge Albareda, Marta Prades, Jaime Gosálvez, Rosa Roy, Pilar Zaragoza, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Clementina Rodellar
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a great potential for treating equine musculoskeletal injuries. Although their mechanisms of action are not completely known, their immunomodulatory properties appear to be key in their functions. The expression of immunoregulatory molecules by MSCs is regulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines, so inflammatory priming of MSCs might improve their therapeutic potential. However, inflammatory environment could also increase MSC immunogenicity and decrease MSC viability and differentiation capacity...
October 6, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Hyun Kang
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions regarding the care of individual patients. This concept has gained popularity recently, and its applications have been steadily expanding. Nowadays, the term "evidence-based" is used in numerous situations and conditions, such as evidence-based medicine, evidence-based practice, evidence-based health care, evidence-based social work, evidence-based policy, and evidence-based education...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Claudia Cruz Villagrán, Jim Schumacher, Robert Donnell, Madhu S Dhar
Transplantation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to sites of experimentally created nerve injury in laboratory animals has shown promising results in restoring nerve function. This approach for nerve regeneration has not been reported in horses. In this study, we first evaluated the in vitro ability of equine bone marrow-derived MSCs (EBM-MSCs) to trans-differentiate into Schwann-like cells and subsequently tested the MSCs in vivo for their potential to regenerate a transected nerve after implantation. The EBM-MSCs from three equine donors were differentiated into SCLs for 7 days, in vitro, in the presence of specialized differentiation medium and evaluated for morphological characteristics, by using confocal microscopy, and for protein characteristics, by using selected Schwann cell markers (GFAP and S100b)...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
L Bos, L Schouten, L van Vught, M Wiewel, D Ong, O Cremer, A Artigas, I Martin-Loeches, A Hoogendijk, T van der Poll, J Horn, N Juffermans, M Schultz, N de Prost, T Pham, G Carteaux, A Mekontso Dessap, C Brun-Buisson, E Fan, G Bellani, J Laffey, A Mercat, L Brochard, B Maitre, P A Howells, D R Thickett, C Knox, D P Park, F Gao, O Tucker, T Whitehouse, D F McAuley, G D Perkins, T Pham, J Laffey, G Bellani, E Fan, L Pisani, J P Roozeman, F D Simonis, A Giangregorio, L R Schouten, S M Van der Hoeven, J Horn, A Serpa Neto, E Festic, A M Dondorp, S Grasso, L D Bos, M J Schultz, M Koster-Brouwer, D Verboom, B Scicluna, K van de Groep, J Frencken, M Schultz, T van der Poll, M Bonten, O Cremer, J I Ko, K S Kim, G J Suh, W Y Kwon, K Kim, J H Shin, O T Ranzani, E Prina, R Menendez, A Ceccato, R Mendez, C Cilloniz, A Gabarrus, M Ferrer, A Torres, A Urbano, L A Zhang, D Swigon, F Pike, R S Parker, G Clermont, C Scheer, S O Kuhn, A Modler, M Vollmer, C Fuchs, K Hahnenkamp, S Rehberg, M Gründling, A Taggu, N Darang, N Öveges, I László, K Tánczos, M Németh, G Lebák, B Tudor, D Érces, J Kaszaki, W Huber, D Trásy, Z Molnár, G Ferrara, V S Kanoore Edul, H S Canales, E Martins, C Canullán, G Murias, M O Pozo, J F Caminos Eguillor, M G Buscetti, C Ince, A Dubin, H D Aya, A Rhodes, N Fletcher, R M Grounds, M Cecconi, M Jacquet-Lagrèze, M Riche, R Schweizer, P Portran, W Fornier, M Lilot, J Neidecker, J L Fellahi, A Escoresca-Ortega, A Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, L Charris-Castro, Y Corcia-Palomo, E Fernandez-Delgado, J Garnacho-Montero, C Roger, L Muller, L Elotmani, J Lipman, J Y Lefrant, J A Roberts, R Muñoz-Bermúdez, M Samper, C Climent, F Vasco, V Sara, S Luque, N Campillo, S Grau Cerrato, J R Masclans, F Alvarez-Lerma, S Carvalho Brugger, G Jimenez Jimenez, M Miralbés Torner, J Trujillano Cabello, B Balsera Garrido, X Nuvials Casals, F Barcenilla Gaite, M Vallverdú Vidal, M Palomar Martínez, V Gusarov, D Shilkin, M Dementienko, E Nesterova, N Lashenkova, A Kuzovlev, M Zamyatin, A Demoule, S Carreira, S Lavault, O Palancca, E Morawiec, J Mayaux, I Arnulf, T Similowski, B S Rasmussen, R G Maltesen, M Hanifa, S Pedersen, S R Kristensen, R Wimmer, M Panigada, G Li Bassi, O T Ranzani, T Kolobow, A Zanella, M Cressoni, L Berra, V Parrini, H Kandil, G Salati, S Livigni, A Amatu, A Andreotti, F Tagliaferri, G Moise, G Mercurio, A Costa, A Vezzani, S Lindau, J Babel, M Cavana, D Consonni, A Pesenti, L Gattinoni, A Torres, P Mansouri, F Zand, L Zahed, F Dehghanrad, M Bahrani, M Ghorbani, B Cambiaghi, O Moerer, T Mauri, N Kunze-Szikszay, C Ritter, A Pesenti, M Quintel, L M Vilander, M A Kaunisto, S T Vaara, V Pettilä, J L G Haitsma Mulier, S Rozemeijer, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, P E Elbers, P R Tuinman, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, A M A Liberatore, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, I H J Koh, M Galindo Martínez, R Jiménez Sánchez, L Martínez Gascón, M D Rodríguez Mulero, A Ortín Freire, A Ojados Muñoz, S Rebollo Acebes, Á Fernández Martínez, S Moreno Aliaga, L Herrera Para, J Murcia Payá, F Rodríguez Mulero, P Guerci, Y Ince, P Heeman, B Ergin, C Ince, Z Uz, M Massey, Y Ince, R Papatella, E Bulent, P Guerci, F Toraman, C Ince, E R Longbottom, H D Torrance, H C Owen, C J Hinds, R M Pearse, M J O'Dywer, Z Trogrlic, M van der Jagt, H Lingsma, H H Ponssen, J F Schoonderbeek, F Schreiner, S J Verbrugge, S Duran, T van Achterberg, J Bakker, D A M P J Gommers, E Ista, A Krajčová, P Waldauf, F Duška, A Shah, N Roy, S McKechnie, C Doree, S Fisher, S J Stanworth, J F Jensen, D Overgaard, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, I Egerod, A Pivkina, V Gusarov, I Zhivotneva, N Pasko, M Zamyatin, J F Jensen, I Egerod, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, A Alklit, R L Hansen, H Knudsen, L B Grode, D Overgaard, M Hravnak, L Chen, A Dubrawski, G Clermont, M R Pinsky, S M Parry, L D Knight, B C Connolly, C E Baldwin, Z A Puthucheary, L Denehy, N Hart, P E Morris, J Mortimore, C L Granger, H I Jensen, R Piers, B Van den Bulcke, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K Rusinova, D Talmor, A P Meert, L Cancelliere, L Zubek, P Maia, A Michalsen, J Decruyenaere, E Kompanje, S Vanheule, E Azoulay, S Vansteelandt, D Benoit, B Van den Bulcke, R Piers, H I Jensen, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K Rusinova, D Talmor, A P Meert, L Cancelliere, L Zubek, P Maia, A Michalsen, J Decruyenaere, E Kompanje, S Vanheule, E Azoulay, S Vansteelandt, D Benoit, C Ryan, D Dawson, J Ball, K Noone, B Aisling, S Prudden, A Ntantana, D Matamis, S Savvidou, M Giannakou, M Gouva, G Nakos, V Koulouras, J Aron, G Lumley, D Milliken, K Dhadwal, B A McGrath, S J Lynch, B Bovento, G Sharpe, E Grainger, S Pieri-Davies, S Wallace, B McGrath, S J Lynch, B Bovento, E Grainger, S Pieri-Davies, G Sharpe, S Wallace, M Jung, J Cho, H Park, G Suh, O Kousha, J Paddle, L Gamrin Gripenberg, M Sundström Rehal, J Wernerman, O Rooyackers, H J de Grooth, W P Choo, A M Spoelstra-de Man, E L Swart, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, L Talan, G Güven, N D Altıntas, M Padar, G Uusvel, L Starkopf, J Starkopf, A Reintam Blaser, M S Kalaiselvan, A S Arunkumar, M K Renuka, R L Shivkumar, M Volbeda, D Ten Kate, M Hoekstra, J M van der Maaten, M W Nijsten, A Komaromi, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, Å Norberg, M Smedberg, M Mori, L Pettersson, Å Norberg, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, M Theodorakopoulou, T Christodoulopoulou, A Diamantakis, F Frantzeskaki, M Kontogiorgi, E Chrysanthopoulou, M Lygnos, C Diakaki, A Armaganidis, K Gundogan, E Dogan, R Coskun, S Muhtaroglu, M Sungur, T Ziegler, M Guven, A Kleyman, W Khaliq, D Andreas, M Singer, R Meierhans, R Schuepbach, I De Brito-Ashurst, F Zand, G Sabetian, R Nikandish, F Hagar, M Masjedi, B Maghsudi, A Vazin, M Ghorbani, E Asadpour, K C Kao, L C Chiu, C Y Hung, C H Chang, S H Li, H C Hu, S El Maraghi, M Ali, D Rageb, M Helmy, J Marin-Corral, C Vilà, J R Masclans, A Vàzquez, I Martín-Loeches, E Díaz, J C Yébenes, A Rodriguez, F Álvarez-Lerma, N Varga, A Cortina-Gutiérrez, L Dono, M Martínez-Martínez, C Maldonado, E Papiol, M Pérez-Carrasco, R Ferrer, K Nweze, B Morton, I Welters, M Houard, B Voisin, G Ledoux, S Six, E Jaillette, S Nseir, S Romdhani, R Bouneb, D Loghmari, N Ben Aicha, J Ayachi, K Meddeb, I Chouchène, A Khedher, M Boussarsar, K S Chan, W L Yu, J Marin-Corral, C Vilà, J R Masclans, J Nolla, L Vidaur, J Bonastre, B Suberbiola, J E Guerrero, A Rodriguez, N Ramon Coll, G Jiménez Jiménez, S Carvalho Brugger, J Codina Calero, B Balsera Garrido, M García, M Palomar Martínez, M Vallverdú Vidal, M C de la Torre, E Vendrell, E Palomera, E Güell, J C Yébenes, M Serra-Prat, J F Bermejo-Martín, J Almirall, E Tomas, A Escoval, F Froe, M H Vitoria Pereira, N Velez, E Viegas, E Filipe, C Groves, M Reay, L C Chiu, H C Hu, C Y Hung, C H Chang, S H Li, K C Kao, A Ballin, F Facchin, G Sartori, F Zarantonello, E Campello, C M Radu, S Rossi, C Ori, P Simioni, N Umei, I Shingo, A C Santos, C Candeias, I Moniz, R Marçal, Z Costa E Silva, J M Ribeiro, J F Georger, J P Ponthus, M Tchir, V Amilien, M Ayoub, E Barsam, G Martucci, G Panarello, F Tuzzolino, G Capitanio, V Ferrazza, T Carollo, L Giovanni, A Arcadipane, M López Sánchez, M A González-Gay, F J Llorca Díaz, M I Rubio López, E Zogheib, L Villeret, J Nader, M Bernasinski, P Besserve, T Caus, H Dupont, P Morimont, S Habran, R Hubert, T Desaive, F Blaffart, N Janssen, J Guiot, A Pironet, P Dauby, B Lambermont, F Zarantonello, A Ballin, F Facchin, G Sartori, E Campello, T Pettenuzzo, G Citton, S Rossi, P Simioni, C Ori, C Kirakli, O Ediboglu, S Ataman, M Yarici, F Tuksavul, S Keating, A Gibson, M Gilles, M Dunn, G Price, N Young, P Remeta, P Bishop, M D Fernández Zamora, J Muñoz-Bono, E Curiel-Balsera, E Aguilar-Alonso, R Hinojosa, A Gordillo-Brenes, J A Arboleda-Sánchez, I Skorniakov, D Vikulova, C Whiteley, O Shaikh, A Jones, M Ostermann, L Forni, M Scott, J Sahatjian, W Linde-Zwirble, D Hansell, P Laoveeravat, N Srisawat, M Kongwibulwut, S Peerapornrattana, N Suwachittanont, T O Wirotwan, P Chatkaew, P Saeyub, K Latthaprecha, K Tiranathanagul, S Eiam-Ong, J A Kellum, R E Berthelsen, A Perner, A E K Jensen, J U Jensen, M H Bestle, D J Gebhard, J Price, C E Kennedy, A Akcan-Arikan, A M A Liberatore, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, I H J Koh, K Hamed, M M Khaled, R Aly Soliman, M Sherif Mokhtar, G Seller-Pérez, D Arias-Verdú, E Llopar-Valdor, I De-Diós-Chacón, G Quesada-García, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, R Hafes, G Carroll, P Doherty, C Wright, I G Guerra Vera, M Ralston, M L Gemmell, A MacKay, E Black, C Wright, R I Docking, R Appleton, M R Ralston, L Gemmell, R Appleton, C Wright, R I Docking, E Black, A Mackay, S Rozemeijer, J L G Haitsma Mulier, J G Röttgering, P W G Elbers, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, P R Tuinman, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, N Mejeni, J Nsiala, A Kilembe, P Akilimali, G Thomas, I Egerod, A E Andersson, A M Fagerdahl, V Knudsen, K Meddeb, A Ben Cheikh, Y Hamdaoui, J Ayachi, A Guiga, N Fraj, S Romdhani, N Sma, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, A Khedher, N Bouafia, M Boussarsar, A Amirian, B Ziaian, M Masjedi, C Fleischmann, D O Thomas-Rueddel, A Schettler, D Schwarzkopf, A Stacke, K Reinhart, E Filipe, A Escoval, A Martins, P Sousa, N Velez, E Viegas, E Tomas, G Snell, R Matsa, T T S Paary, M S Kalaiselvan, A M Cavalheiro, L L Rocha, C S Vallone, A Tonilo, M D S Lobato, D T Malheiro, G Sussumo, N M Lucino, F Zand, V D Rosenthal, M Masjedi, G Sabetian, B Maghsudi, M Ghorbani, A Sanaei Dashti, A Yousefipour, J R Goodall, M Williamson, E Tant, N Thomas, C Balci, C Gonen, E Haftacı, H Gurarda, E Karaca, B Paldusová, I Zýková, D Šímová, S Houston, L D'Antona, J Lloyd, V Garnelo-Rey, M Sosic, V Sotosek-Tokmazic, J Kuharic, I Antoncic, S Dunatov, A Sustic, C T Chong, M Sim, T Lyovarin, F M Acosta Díaz, S Narbona Galdó, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, A M Pérez Bailón, A Carranza Pinel, M Colmenero, A Gritsan, A Gazenkampf, E Korchagin, N Dovbish, R M Lee, M P P Lim, C T Chong, B C L Lim, J J See, R Assis, F Filipe, N Lopes, L Pessoa, T Pereira, N Catorze, M S Aydogan, C Aldasoro, P Marchio, A Jorda, M D Mauricio, S Guerra-Ojeda, M Gimeno-Raga, M Colque-Cano, A Bertomeu-Artecero, M Aldasoro, S L Valles, D Tonon, T Triglia, J C Martin, M C Alessi, N Bruder, P Garrigue, L Velly, S Spina, V Scaravilli, C Marzorati, E Colombo, D Savo, A Vargiolu, G Cavenaghi, G Citerio, A H V Andrade, P Bulgarelli, J A P Araujo, V Gonzalez, V A Souza, A Costa, C Massant, C A C Abreu Filho, R A Morbeck, L E Burgo, R van Groenendael, L T van Eijk, G P Leijte, B Koeneman, M Kox, P Pickkers, A García-de la Torre, M de la Torre-Prados, A Fernández-Porcel, C Rueda-Molina, P Nuevo-Ortega, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, E Cámara-Sola, A García-Alcántara, L Salido-Díaz, X Liao, T Feng, J Zhang, X Cao, Q Wu, Z Xie, H Li, Y Kang, M S Winkler, A Nierhaus, E Mudersbach, A Bauer, L Robbe, C Zahrte, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, B Morton, E Mitsi, S H Pennington, J Reine, A D Wright, R Parker, I D Welters, J D Blakey, G Rajam, E W Ades, D M Ferreira, D Wang, A Kadioglu, S B Gordon, R Koch, M Kox, J Rahamat-Langedoen, J Schloesser, M de Jonge, P Pickkers, J Bringue, R Guillamat-Prats, E Torrents, M L Martinez, M Camprubí-Rimblas, A Artigas, L Blanch, S Y Park, Y B Park, D K Song, S Shrestha, S H Park, Y Koh, M J Park, C W Hong, O Lesur, D Coquerel, X Sainsily, J Cote, T Söllradl, A Murza, L Dumont, R Dumaine, M Grandbois, P Sarret, E Marsault, D Salvail, M Auger-Messier, F Chagnon, M P Lauretta, E Greco, A Dyson, M Singer, S Preau, M Ambler, A Sigurta, S Saeed, M Singer, L Topcu Sarıca, N Zibandeh, D Genc, F Gul, T Akkoc, E Kombak, L Cinel, T Akkoc, I Cinel, S J Pollen, N Arulkumaran, M Singer, H D Torrance, E R Longbottom, G Warnes, C J Hinds, D J Pennington, K Brohi, M J O'Dwyer, H Y Kim, S Na, J Kim, Y F Chang, A Chao, P Y Shih, C T Lee, Y C Yeh, L W Chen, M Adriaanse, Z Trogrlic, E Ista, H Lingsma, W Rietdijk, H H Ponssen, J F Schoonderbeek, F Schreiner, S J Verbrugge, S Duran, D A M P J Gommers, M van der Jagt, S Funcke, S Sauerlaender, B Saugel, H Pinnschmidt, D A Reuter, R Nitzschke, S Perbet, C Biboulet, A Lenoire, D Bourdeaux, B Pereira, B Plaud, J E Bazin, V Sautou, A Mebazaa, J M Constantin, M Legrand, Y Boyko, P Jennum, M Nikolic, H Oerding, R Holst, P Toft, H K Nedergaard, T Haberlandt, H I Jensen, P Toft, S Park, S Kim, Y J Cho, Y J Lim, A Chan, S Tang, S L Nunes, S Forsberg, H Blomqvist, L Berggren, M Sörberg, T Sarapohja, C J Wickerts, J G M Hofhuis, L Rose, B Blackwood, E Akerman, J Mcgaughey, I Egerod, M Fossum, H Foss, E Georgiou, H J Graff, M Kalafati, R Sperlinga, A Schafer, A G Wojnicka, P E Spronk, F Zand, F Khalili, R Afshari, G Sabetian, M Masjedi, B Maghsudi, H Haddad Khodaei, S Javadpour, P Petramfar, S Nasimi, A Vazin, B Ziaian, H Tabei, A Gunther, J O Hansen, P Sackey, H Storm, J Bernhardsson, Ø Sundin, A Bjärtå, A Bienert, P Smuszkiewicz, P Wiczling, K Przybylowski, A Borsuk, I Trojanowska, J Matysiak, Z Kokot, M Paterska, E Grzeskowiak, A Messina, E Bonicolini, D Colombo, G Moro, S Romagnoli, A R De Gaudio, F Della 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S Lundin, K Torén, M Eckerström, A Wallin, A C Waldenström, F C Riccio, D Pogson, A C P Antonio, A F Leivas, F Kenji, E James, P Morgan, G Carroll, L Gemmell, A MacKay, C Wright, J Ballantyne, S Jonnada, C S Gerrard, N Jones, J D Salciccioli, D C Marshall, M Komorowski, A Hartley, M C Sykes, R Goodson, J Shalhoub, J R Fernández Villanueva, R Fernández Garda, A M López Lago, E Rodríguez Ruiz, R Hernández Vaquero, C Galbán Rodríguez, E Varo Pérez, C Hilasque, I Oliva, G Sirgo, M C Martin, M Olona, M C Gilavert, M Bodí, C Ebm, G Aggarwal, S Huddart, N Quiney, M Cecconi, S M Fernandes, J Santos Silva, J Gouveia, D Silva, R Marques, H Bento, A Alvarez, Z Costa Silva, D Díaz Diaz, M Villanova Martínez, E Palencia Herrejon, A Martinez de la Gandara, G Gonzalo, M A Lopez, P Ruíz de Gopegui Miguelena, C I Bernal Matilla, P Sánchez Chueca, M D C Rodríguez Longares, R Ramos Abril, A L Ruíz Aguilar, R Garrido López de Murillas, R Fernández Fernández, P Morales Laborías, M A Díaz Castellanos, M E Morales Laborías, J Cho, J Kim, J Park, S Woo, T West, E Powell, A Rimmer, C Orford, N Jones, J Williams, C I Bernal Matilla, P Ruiz de Gopegui Miguelena, P Sánchez Chueca, R Ramos Abril, M D C Rodríguez Longares, A L Ruíz Aguilar, R Garrido López de Murillas, R S Bourne, R Shulman, M Tomlin, G H Mills, M Borthwick, W Berry, D García Huertas, F Manzano, F Villagrán-Ramírez, A Ruiz-Perea, C Rodríguez-Mejías, F Santiago-Ruiz, M Colmenero-Ruiz, C König, B Matt, A Kortgen, C S Hartog, A Wong, C Balan, G Barker, N Srisawat, S Peerapornratana, P Laoveeravat, S Tachaboon, S Eiam-Ong, J Paratz, G Kayambu, R Boots, M F Aguilar Arzapalo, R Vlasenko, E Gromova, S Loginov, M Kiselevskiy, Y Dolgikova, K B Tang, C M Chau, K N Lam, E Gil, G Y Suh, C M Park, J Park, C R Chung, C T Lee, A Chao, P Y Shih, Y F Chang, C H Lai, Y C Hsu, Y C Yeh, Y J Cheng, V Colella, N Zarrillo, M D'Amico, F Forfori, B Pezza, T Laddomada, V Beltramelli, M L Pizzaballa, A Doronzio, B Balicco, D Kiers, W van der Heijden, J Gerretsen, Q de Mast, S El Messaoudi, G Rongen, M Gomes, M Kox, P Pickkers, N P Riksen, Y Kashiwagi, M Okada, K Hayashi, Y Inagaki, S Fujita, M N Nakamae, Y R Kang, R B Souza, A M A Liberatore, I H J Koh, A Blet, M Sadoune, J Lemarié, N Bihry, R Bern, E Polidano, R Merval, J M Launay, B Lévy, J L Samuel, A Mebazaa, J Hartmann, S Harm, V Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Sebastian Hoffmann, Thomas Hartung, Martin Stephens
Evidence-based toxicology (EBT) was introduced independently by two groups in 2005, in the context of toxicological risk assessment and causation as well as based on parallels between the evaluation of test methods in toxicology and evidence-based assessment of diagnostics tests in medicine. The role model of evidence-based medicine (EBM) motivated both proposals and guided the evolution of EBT, whereas especially systematic reviews and evidence quality assessment attract considerable attention in toxicology...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Z Yang, H Liu, D Li, X Xie, T Qin, J Ma, P Kang
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether statin usage could reduce the risk of glucocorticoid-related osteonecrosis in animal models. METHODS: A systematic literature search up to May 2015 was carried out using the PubMed, Ovid, EBM reviews, ISI Web of Science, EBSCO, CBM, CNKI databases with the term and boolean operators: statins and osteonecrosis in all fields. Risk ratio (RR), as the risk estimate of specific outcome, was calculated along with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Konstantinos Kyriakoulis, Athina Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Andrew C Wan, Michail Matalliotakis, Chrysoula Tsiou, Evridiki Patelarou
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to find best teaching strategies for teaching evidence-based practice (EBP) to undergraduate health students that have been adopted over the last years in healthcare institutions worldwide. METHODS: The authors carried out a systematic, comprehensive bibliographic search using Medline database for the years 2005 to March 2015 (updated in March 2016). Search terms used were chosen from the USNLM Institutes of Health list of MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) and free text key terms were used as well...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
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