keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EBM

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783458/tele-ophthalmology-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Atsushi Kawaguchi, Noha Sharafeldin, Aishwarya Sundaram, Sandy Campbell, Matthew Tennant, Christopher Rudnisky, Ezekiel Weis, Karim F Damji
BACKGROUND: To synthesize high-quality evidence to compare traditional in-person screening and tele-ophthalmology screening. METHODS: Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The intervention of interest was any type of tele-ophthalmology, including screening of diseases using remote devices. Studies involved patients receiving care from any trained provider via tele-ophthalmology, compared with those receiving equivalent face-to-face care...
August 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776771/efficacious-holidays-the-therapeutic-dimensions-of-pleasure-and-discipline-in-czech-respiratory-spas
#2
Susanna Trnka
As evidence-based medicine has increasingly become the standard for assessing the efficacy of health care, the Czech Republic finds itself in a dilemma, with centuries of sanatorium-style spa treatments resisting easy categorization. Despite some critics' contentions that spas are "pointless holidays" and reductions in government funding of health spas, in 2014 Czech courts affirmed every Czech citizen's right to spa treatments if their health status merits it. Drawing on research in two children's respiratory spas, this article considers the experiences of patients aged two-15 and their accompanying parents or guardians (mainly mothers) to suggest that in addition to the range of therapeutic procedures highlighted within spa cures, more amorphous aspects-such as pleasure and discipline-may be just as central to spas' successes...
August 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774729/-thrombotic-microangiopathy-and-cancer
#3
Rania Kheder El-Fekih, Clément Deltombe, Hassan Izzedine
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a group of disorders characterized by mechanical hemolytic anemia with thrombocytopenia and an ischemic organic lesion of variable and potentially fatal importance affecting mostly the kidneys and the brain with histologically a disseminated and occlusive microvasculopathy. The incidence of TMA represents 15% of acute kidney failure in oncological setting, largely due to the introduction of anti-angiogenic agents over the past decade. It may be more rarely related to cancer itself...
July 31, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772572/effect-of-energy-input-on-microstructure-and-mechanical-properties-of-titanium-aluminide-alloy-fabricated-by-the-additive-manufacturing-process-of-electron-beam-melting
#4
Ashfaq Mohammad, Abdulrahman M Alahmari, Muneer Khan Mohammed, Ravi Kottan Renganayagalu, Khaja Moiduddin
Titanium aluminides qualify adequately for advanced aero-engine applications in place of conventional nickel based superalloys. The combination of high temperature properties and lower density gives an edge to the titanium aluminide alloys. Nevertheless, challenges remain on how to process these essentially intermetallic alloys in to an actual product. Electron Beam Melting (EBM), an Additive Manufacturing Method, can build complex shaped solid parts from a given feedstock powder, thus overcoming the shortcomings of the conventional processing techniques such as machining and forging...
February 21, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770697/the-ontogenetic-allometry-of-body-morphology-and-chemical-composition-in-dairy-goat-wethers
#5
R A M Vieira, N M Rohem Júnior, R S Gomes, T S Oliveira, L C R Bendia, F H V Azevedo, D L Barbosa, L S Glória, M T Rodrigues
We studied the ontogenetic growth of goat wethers (castrated male goats) of the Saanen and Swiss Alpine breeds based on a large range of intraspecific body mass (BM). The body parts and the chemical constituents of the empty body were described by the allometric function by using BM and the empty body mass (EBM) as the predictors for morphological traits and chemical composition, respectively. We fitted the allometric scaling function by applying the SAS NLMIXED procedure, but to evaluate assumptions regarding variances in morphological and compositional traits, we combined the scaling function with homoscedastic (MOD1), and the heteroscedastic exponential (MOD2) and power-of-the-mean (MOD3) variance functions...
August 3, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768952/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-medicine-educational-program-for-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students
#6
Tadashi Shimizu, Masahiro Ueda, Mikoto Toyoyama, Shiho Ohmori, Nobumasa Takagaki
 This study evaluated the effect of an evidence-based medicine (EBM) educational program on EBM-related knowledge and skills of pharmacists and pharmacy students. Our preliminary educational program included the following four sessions: 1) ice breaker, 2) formulation of answerable clinical questions from virtual clinical scenario using the PICO criteria, 3) critical appraisal of the literature using a checklist, and 4) critical appraisal of the results and integrating the evidence with experience and patients values...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761882/evidence-based-medicine-in-pre-clinical-years-a-study-of-early-introduction-and-usefulness
#7
Yogesh Acharya, M V Raghavendra Rao, Sateesh Arja
INTRODUCTION: Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) has established itself as a strong predictor of future medical practice by medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of EBM in pre-clinical years and reflect on self-assessment skill of 4(th) semester medical students regarding the understanding of EBM and its various determinants. METHODS: All of the 4(th) semester (MD4) medical students at the Avalon University of Medical School, Curacao who had completed their EBM curriculum were asked to voluntarily participate in a cross sectional student survey containing qualitative and quantitative questionnaires in a 10-point scale...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759585/today%C3%A2-s-medical-self-and-the-other-challenges-and-evolving-solutions-for-enhanced-humanization-and-quality-of-care
#8
Perla Sueiras, Victoria Romano-Betech, Alejandro Vergil-Salgado, Adalberto de Hoyos, Silvia Quintana-Vargas, William Ruddick, Anaclara Castro-Santana, Sergio Islas-Andrade, Nelly F Altamirano-Bustamante, Myriam M Altamirano-Bustamante
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific developments, along with growing awareness of cultural and social diversity, have led to a continuously growing range of available treatment options; however, such developments occasionally lead to an undesirable imbalance between science, technology and humanism in clinical practice. This study explores the understanding and practice of values and value clusters in real-life clinical settings, as well as their role in the humanization of medicine and its institutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758756/-current-possibilities-to-influence-surgical-site-infection
#9
F Bělina
Infections associated with surgical procedures, also referred to as surgical site infections (SSIs), are the most common nosocomial infections (HAIs - Health Care-Associated Infections) in surgery departments. Although effectively preventable in most cases, they are still associated with significant morbidity and mortality, prolonged or repeated hospitalizations and increased treatment costs. Therefore, compliance with applicable procedures and guidelines is essential for SSI prevention, which was also shown in numerous EBM studies...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746390/homogenized-modeling-methodology-for-18650-lithium-ion-battery-module-under-large-deformation
#10
Liang Tang, Jinjie Zhang, Pengle Cheng
Effective lithium-ion battery module modeling has become a bottleneck for full-size electric vehicle crash safety numerical simulation. Modeling every single cell in detail would be costly. However, computational accuracy could be lost if the module is modeled by using a simple bulk material or rigid body. To solve this critical engineering problem, a general method to establish a computational homogenized model for the cylindrical battery module is proposed. A single battery cell model is developed and validated through radial compression and bending experiments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737426/posterior-cranial-base-natural-growth-and-development-a-systematic-review
#11
Kris Currie, Dena Sawchuk, Humam Saltaji, Heesoo Oh, Carlos Flores-Mir, Manuel Lagravere
OBJECTIVE: To provide a synthesis of the published studies evaluating the natural growth and development of the human posterior cranial base (S-Ba). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search was performed on MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, and all EBM Reviews electronic databases. In addition, reference lists of the included studies were hand-searched. Articles were included if they analyzed posterior cranial-base growth in humans specifically. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment were completed in duplicate...
July 24, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717430/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-among-iranian-neurologists-toward-evidence-based-medicine
#12
Kaveh Shafiei, Fatemeh Sedaghati
Background: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a current practice in medicine to produce clinical practice guidelines from well-designed, randomized, controlled trials. We studied knowledge, attitude, and practice of EBM of neurologists who participated in the Iranian congress of neurology. Methods: A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed and filled by neurologists. Results: A total of 200 neurologists were randomly sampled and with response rate of 56%. 33.9% of responder had previously participated in EBM courses...
January 5, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716123/differentiating-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-express-markers-of-human-endometrium
#13
P Parasar, C R Sacha, N Ng, E R McGuirk, S Chinthala, P Ozcan, J Lindsey, S Salas, M R Laufer, S A Missmer, R M Anchan
BACKGROUND: Modeling early endometrial differentiation is a crucial step towards understanding the divergent pathways between normal and ectopic endometrial development as seen in endometriosis. METHODS: To investigate these pathways, mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and embryoid bodies (EBs) were differentiated in standard EB medium (EBM). Immunofluorescence (IF) staining and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect expression of human endometrial cell markers on differentiating cells, which were sorted into distinct populations using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)...
July 17, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710209/does-a-one-day-workshop-improve-clinical-faculty-s-comfort-and-behaviour-in-practising-and-teaching-evidence-based-medicine-a-canadian-mixed-methods-study
#14
David Allen, Jacques Abourbih, Marion Maar, Lisa Boesch, James Goertzen, Catherine Cervin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a 1-day evidence-based medicine (EBM) workshop on physician attitudes and behaviours around teaching and practicing EBM. DESIGN: A mixed methods study using a before/after cohort. SETTING: A medical school delivering continuing professional development to 1250 clinical faculty over a large geographic area in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 105 physician clinical faculty members...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709625/the-cost-of-intraoperative-adverse-events-in-abdominal-and-pelvic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
A Garbens, M Goldenberg, C J D Wallis, A Tricco, T P Grantcharov
BACKGROUND: The assessment of intra-operative adverse events (iAEs) is a vastly under researched area with the potential to provide new methods on how to improve patient outcomes and hospital costs. Our objective was to determine the relationship between iAEs and total hospital costs in abdominal and pelvic surgery. DATA SOURCES: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) framework. Embase, MEDLINE and EBM Reviews online databases were searched to identify all studies that reported iAE rates and total hospital costs...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701105/the-use-of-evidence-during-group-meetings-of-dutch-general-practitioners
#16
Bastiaan P H Ter Brugge, Marie-Louise E L Bartelink, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Esther de Groot
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) learning journal clubs are recommended, but these are not common practice. How participants discuss and learn about applying evidence in other group meetings is unknown. We examined different types of group meetings and explored the use of, and discussions about, clinical research evidence. METHODS: A mixed-methods study design was adopted. After distribution and analysis of a questionnaire about types of group meetings, interviews were conducted to better understand the most frequently occurring type...
July 12, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676936/evaluating-the-uk-house-of-commons-science-and-technology-committee-s-position-on-the-implausible-effectiveness-of-homeopathic-treatments
#17
Andrew Turner
In 2009, the UK House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (STC) conducted an 'evidence check' on homeopathy to evaluate evidence for its effectiveness. In common with the wider literature critical of homeopathy, the STC report seems to endorse many of the strong claims that are made about its implausibility. In contrast with the critical literature, however, the STC report explicitly does not place any weight on implausibility in its evaluation. I use the contrasting positions of the STC and the wider critical literature to examine the 'implausibility arguments' against homeopathy and the place of such arguments within evidence-based medicine (EBM)...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675422/reviving-cochrane-s-contribution-to-evidence-based-medicine-bridging-the-gap-between-evidence-of-efficacy-and-evidence-of-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness
#18
Jack E James
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been widely adopted as the main means for transforming medical practice informed by individual practitioner experience to that informed by science. Yet, as a movement for comprehensive change, EBM has not been as transformative as had been widely anticipated. Evidence of clinical efficacy is often organized hierarchically with the randomized controlled trial located towards the apex of an imaginary pyramid. This familiar hierarchy of evidence in medical education, practice, and science serves to guide evaluations of the internal validity of randomized controlled trials, thereby establishing the "efficacy" of clinical interventions...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671061/the-10-d-assessment-and-evidence-based-medicine-tool-for-authors-and-peer-reviewers-in-clinical-pharmacology%C3%A2
#19
Barry G Woodcock, Sebastian Harder
BACKGROUND: Peer reviewers and authors of clinical pharmacology manuscripts need to meet the standards for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and Good Publication Practices (GPP), and editors of clinical pharmacology journals have to maintain an overview of the peer review process. METHODS AND RESULTS: The peer review process can be monitored and facilitated using the <bold>10-D assessment,</bold> which comprises peer review criteria to determine if: 1. <bold>d</bold>esign of the study, 2...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667449/patient-preferences-a-trojan-horse-for-evidence-based-medicine
#20
Afschin Gandjour
The evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement has long acknowledged the relevance of patient preferences and values. According to EBM, clinicians first clarify the medical evidence about the benefits and burdens of the treatment in question and then, as a second step, elicit values and preferences from patients. Importantly, however, values are placed on patient-relevant outcomes. Surrogate endpoints are only used if their validity is proven. This article shows that some recent patient-preference studies attribute value to surrogate endpoints even when there is no improvement in patient-relevant outcomes...
June 30, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
keyword
keyword
7001
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"