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Monica Colitti, Nataliya Pošćić, Bruno Stefanon
The aim of this study was to investigate the adipocyte size and fate in subcutaneous fat (scAT) of cows diverging for genetic merit at mid lactation stage, when anabolic activity increases and animals are in a state of positive energy balance. Twenty mid lactation cows (180±20days in milk) grouped according to the Estimated Breeding Values (EBV) for milk yield in plus (EBVp) and minus (EBVm) variants were selected. Average of adipocytes area, proliferation and apoptotic labelling index as well as DLK-1 expression, a marker of pre-adipocytes, were immunohistochemically evaluated in scAT biopsies...
November 24, 2016: Tissue & Cell
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
Andrea Turner, Gwen Rees, David C Barrett, Kristen K Reyher
Critically Appraised Topics (CATs) are a standardised, succinct summary of research evidence organised around a clinical question, and a form of evidence synthesis used in the practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM). Access to CATs enables clinicians to incorporate evidence from the scientific literature into clinical practice and they have been used to teach EBVM at the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences since 2011. Veterinary Record is including CATs from Bristol university in its Clinical Decision Making section...
September 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
Suzanne Shurtz, Virginia Fajt, Erla P Heyns, Hannah F Norton, Sandra Weingart
There is no comprehensive review of the extent to which evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) is taught in AVMA-accredited colleges of veterinary medicine in the US and Canada. We surveyed teaching faculty and librarians at these institutions to determine what EBVM skills are currently included in curricula, how they are taught, and to what extent librarians are involved in this process. Librarians appear to be an underused resource, as 59% of respondents did not use librarians/library resources in teaching EBVM...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
L Lanyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2016: Veterinary Record
Gwen Rees, David C Barrett, Jennifer Boocock, Matthew Dickinson, Claire Johnson, Thomas Mitchell, Emma Place, Kristen K Reyher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2016: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
Essential tools to help practitioners integrate evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) into everyday practice were discussed recently at a 'skills day' organised by RCVS Knowledge. Kristy Ebanks reports.
December 19, 2015: Veterinary Record
David Mills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2015: Veterinary Record
S P Arlt, W Heuwieser
With new knowledge being generated and published daily, the importance of evidence-based approaches in veterinary medicine is obvious. Clinicians must stay current or risk making poor decisions that clients may challenge. Especially in animal reproduction, several new substances and procedures to diagnose or treat reproductive disorders have been introduced in the last years. On the other hand, a closer look at the quality of published literature on animal reproduction reveals major deficits in methodology and reporting of many clinical trials...
September 2014: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
R K Shepherd, B P Kinghorn
The constant migration (CM) method and the ebv migration (EBVM) method of optimising the design of multi-tier open nucleus breeding schemes are presented and compared. The equation for the equilibrium rate of genetic gain of a three-tier open nucleus scheme is determined using the CM method. The major advantage of the EBVM method is the reduction in the number of parameters which have to be varied in order to locate the maximum equilibrium rate of genetic gain. For the CM method for the number of variable parameters is 5, 14, 27 and (2n + 1) (n - 1) for unrestricted male and female migration in schemes with 2, 3, 4 and n tiers respectively...
November 1992: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Michael Steele, Nicholas P Crabb, Lynda J Moore, Kristen K Reyher, Sarah Baillie, Mark C Eisler
Evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) is of interest and relevance to veterinary practitioners. Consequently, veterinary schools take responsibility for teaching students how to appraise scientific articles and for equipping them with the skills needed to obtain and evaluate the best evidence and to apply this approach to their own cases. As part of our farm animal clinical rotation, we train students in qualitative and quantitative EBVM methods using an e-learning environment, online teaching materials, a wiki (a Web site that allows its users to edit its content via a Web browser), and face-to-face tutorials that support learning...
2013: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
P Haimerl, S Arlt, W Heuwieser
OBJECTIVE: In daily practice, a veterinarian has to judge information and decide whether it can be adequately implemented for a given case. In this context, it is vital to base decisions on the most recent and reliable scientific findings. In Germany, every practitioner must take part in 20 to 40 hours annually of continuing education. To outline the current assessment and employment of evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM), we surveyed practitioners concerning continuing education and their skills in obtaining and evaluating scientific information...
2013: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Sebastian P Arlt, Peggy Haimerl, Wolfgang Heuwieser
In current veterinary education, skills such as retrieving, critically appraising, interpreting, and applying the results of published scientific studies are rarely taught. In this study, the authors tested the concept of team-based development of critically appraised topics (CATs) in training students in evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM). The 116 participants were in their fifth year and attending the clinical rotation at the Clinic for Animal Reproduction. Students developed 18 CATs of varying quality on topics of their choice...
2012: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Sebastian P Arlt, Wolfgang Heuwieser
Implementing evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) into clinical practice requires not only the ability to retrieve, interpret, and apply the results of published scientific studies, but also the ability to critically evaluate the quality of the literature. These skills, however, are not widely taught in the veterinary curriculum. The objective of this study was to test a literature evaluation form (LEF) designed to assist veterinary students in appraising the quality of literature on animal reproduction and to compare their ability to do so with that of students who were provided with a control form (CF)...
2011: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Sebastian Arlt, Wolfgang Heuwieser
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) like acupuncture, herbal medicine and homeopathy is increasingly used in the treatment of human and animal disease. On the other hand, CAM is discussed controversially, especially in the context of Evidence-Based Veterinary Medicine (EBVM). This paper provides a balanced analysis of the currently available data on CAM in human and veterinary medicine. In conclusion, little rigorous research data concerning the efficacy and safety of CAM has been published. However, acupuncture is gaining increasing acceptance in academic medicine, based on several metaanalyses that show efficacy for specific conditions...
September 2010: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Margaret R Slater
Evidence based medicine involves using the best current information to inform patient care. In veterinary medicine, evidence based veterinary medicine (EBVM) has been discussed for about 15 years. Epidemiology and EBVM are closely linked and epidemiologists can provide crucial support for the practice of EBVM. The secondary literature which summarizes important research into more accessible and applied work could benefit from additional involvement by epidemiologists. Epidemiologists have a broad range of stakeholders for their work and should consider who the specific audience is and what the important endpoints are for that audience...
December 1, 2010: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Virginia R Fajt, Dimitri Brown, Maya M Scott
Accessing new knowledge and using it to make decisions is the foundation of evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM), the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and owner/manager values. Reflecting on our experience with an EBVM-based clinical pharmacology assignment during a clinical rotation, we present the justification for the addition of an EBVM assignment to the clinical (fourth) year at the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at Texas A&M University. We also present an in-depth analysis of the addition, recommendations for the assessment of this exercise as a method of improving evidence-based veterinary practice, and recommendations and implications for other instructors interested in adding EBVM-related learning to their professional curricula...
2009: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Stanley R Robertson
The ability to translate a clinical problem seen in practice into a focused and well-formed answerable clinical question is one of the hardest steps in practicing evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM). Asking answerable clinical questions that relate to your patient is the first evidence-based skill a veterinarian needs to learn, and it forms the cornerstone of the practice of EBVM. Like other clinical skills, the more you practice and work on refining clinical questions, the more precise these questions are and the easier the EBVM process becomes...
May 2007: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Peggy L Schmidt
Over time, evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) should integrate with normal clinical practice. Also, clinical knowledge increases with EBVM, reducing the need for information in one area and allowing veterinarians to explore new areas of specialty or cutting-edge advances in the profession. Textbooks, journals, veterinary conferences, and web sites provide nearly unlimited information about EBVM for the practicing veterinarian to help with the transition to EBVM use in daily practice life. EBVM should continue to change and improve how we, as veterinarians, provide the best available care to our clients and patients...
May 2007: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
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