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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917060/antarctotrechus-balli-sp-n-carabidae-trechini-the-first-ground-beetle-from-antarctica
#1
Allan C Ashworth, Terry L Erwin
Fossil elytra of a small trechine carabid are reported from the Oliver Bluffs on the Beardmore Glacier at lat. 85°S. They were compared with counterparts from the extant genera Trechisibus, Tasmanorites, Oxytrechus and Pseudocnides. The fossils share some characters but are sufficiently different to be described as a new genus and species. We named the new species Antarctotrechus balli in honour of George E. Ball who made major contributions to the study of carabids through his own research and the training of students while at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916010/quality-assessment-of-ethics-analyses-for-health-technology-asssessment
#2
Anna Mae Scott, Kenneth Bond, Iñaki Gutiérrez-Ibarluzea, Björn Hofmann, Lars Sandman
OBJECTIVES: Although consideration of ethical issues is recognized as a crucial part of health technology assessment, ethics analysis for HTA is generally perceived as methodologically underdeveloped in comparison to other HTA domains. The aim of our study is (i) to verify existing tools for quality assessment of ethics analyses for HTA, (ii) to consider some arguments for and against the need for quality assessment tools for ethics analyses for HTA, and (iii) to propose a preliminary set of criteria that could be used for assessing the quality of ethics analyses for HTA...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906802/anti-tissue-transglutaminase-normalization-post-diagnosis-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#3
Daniela Migliarese Isaac, Seema Rajani, Maryna Yaskina, Hien Q Huynh, Justine M Turner
OBJECTIVES: Limited pediatric data exist examining the trend and predictors of anti-tissue transglutaminase (atTG) normalization over time in children with celiac disease (CD). We aimed to evaluate time to normalization of atTG in children after CD diagnosis, and to assess for independent predictors impacting this duration. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed in pediatric CD patients diagnosed from 2007 to 2014 at the Stollery Children's Hospital Celiac Clinic (Edmonton, Alberta)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893131/association-between-palliative-care-and-patient-and-caregiver-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Dio Kavalieratos, Jennifer Corbelli, Di Zhang, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Natalie C Ernecoff, Janel Hanmer, Zachariah P Hoydich, Dara Z Ikejiani, Michele Klein-Fedyshin, Camilla Zimmermann, Sally C Morton, Robert M Arnold, Lucas Heller, Yael Schenker
Importance: The use of palliative care programs and the number of trials assessing their effectiveness have increased. Objective: To determine the association of palliative care with quality of life (QOL), symptom burden, survival, and other outcomes for people with life-limiting illness and for their caregivers. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL to July 2016. Study Selection: Randomized clinical trials of palliative care interventions in adults with life-limiting illness...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884924/low-acuity-presentations-to-the-emergency-department-in-canada-exploring-the-alternative-attempts-to-avoid-presentation
#5
Lynette D Krebs, Scott W Kirkland, Rajiv Chetram, Taylor Nikel, Britt Voaklander, Alan Davidson, Bryn Holroyd, Cristina Villa-Roel, Katelynn Crick, Stephanie Couperthwaite, Chris Alexiu, Garnet Cummings, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVE: ED visits have been rising year on year worldwide. It has been suggested that some of these visits could be avoided if low-acuity patients had better primary care access. This study explored patients' efforts to avoid ED presentation and alternative care sought prior to presentation. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients presenting to three urban EDs in Edmonton, Canada, completed a questionnaire collecting demographics, actions attempted to avoid presentation and reasons for presentation...
November 24, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875734/comparison-of-two-commonly-used-clinical-cognitive-screening-tests-to-diagnose-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-heart-failure-with-the-golden-standard-european-consortium-criteria
#6
Kannayiram Alagiakrishnan, Darren Mah, Jason R B Dyck, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Justin Ezekowitz
INTRODUCTION: This study on mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in heart failure (HF) compares the utility of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to the Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) for diagnosing MCI in a HF population when compared to the golden standard European Consortium Criteria (ECC). METHODS: Participants were recruited from the Alberta HEART study at the Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute in Edmonton and St. Mary's hospital in Camrose. This study enrolled 53 community adults aged>50years: 33 HF and 20 controls...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836493/mallards-anas-platyrhynchos-and-wastewater-ponds-part-i-mallard-ducks-overwintering-at-a-northern-wastewater-treatment-pond
#7
Patrick O Welsh, Cynthia A Paszkowski, Keith B Tierney
In northern urban areas, wastewater treatment ponds (WWTPs) may provide a thermal refuge during winter (~10°C) that is used by normally migratory mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). On the ponds, mallards may experience stress due to crowding, or through the ingestion of WWTP water, be exposed to a diverse array of synthetic chemicals, which may have adverse health effects. Photographic sampling was used to assess mallard sex ratios and behavioural patterns throughout the late winter on wastewater ponds in Edmonton, Canada...
November 8, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828582/-factors-associated-with-the-frailty-of-elderly-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis
#8
Gabriela Dutra Gesualdo, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta, Karina Gramani Say, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi
The scope of this article is to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with the frailty of elderly people with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. This involved a correlational, cross-sectional study conducted in a dialysis center in the state of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 60 participants. The Participant Characterization Instrument was used for extracting sociodemographic and clinical data and the Edmonton Frail Scale was used to evaluate the level of frailty. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with frailty...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803563/fatigue-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-palliative-care-consultation-a-prospective-observational-study-in-a-tertiary-cancer-center
#9
Arunangshu Ghoshal, Naveen Salins, Jayita Deodhar, Anuja Damani, Mary Ann Muckaden
PURPOSE: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms seen in patients with advanced cancer. It is known to influence the Quality of Life (QoL) of patients. This study examines the interrelationship of fatigue and QoL in patients with advanced cancer on palliative care. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Department of Palliative Medicine from January to June 2014. Patients with advanced cancer registered with hospital palliative care unit, meeting the inclusion criteria (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] ≤3, Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale [ESAS] fatigue score ≥1), and willing to participate in the study were assessed for symptom burden (ESAS) and QoL (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Core 15-Palliative module [EORTC-QoL PAL15])...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795987/outcomes-of-pancreatic-islet-allotransplantation-using-the-edmonton-protocol-at-the-university-of-chicago
#10
Zehra Tekin, Marc R Garfinkel, W James Chon, Lindsay Schenck, Karolina Golab, Omid Savari, J Richard Thistlethwaite, Louis H Philipson, Colleen Majewski, Silvana Pannain, Sabarinathan Ramachandran, Kourosh Rezania, Seenu M Hariprasad, J Michael Millis, Piotr Witkowski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess short-term and long-term results of the pancreatic islet transplantation using the Edmonton protocol at the University of Chicago. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients underwent pancreatic islet cell transplantation using the Edmonton Protocol; they were followed up for 10 years after initial islet transplant with up to 3 separate islet infusions. They were given induction treatment using an IL-2R antibody and their maintenance immunosuppression regimen consisted of sirolimus and tacrolimus...
October 2016: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789201/why-do-parents-discontinue-health-services-for-managing-paediatric-obesity-a-multi-centre-qualitative-study
#11
Jasmine Dhaliwal, Arnaldo J Perez, Nicholas L Holt, Rebecca Gokiert, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Katherine M Morrison, Laurent Legault, Arya M Sharma, Geoff D C Ball
OBJECTIVE: To explore parents' reasons for discontinuing tertiary-level care for paediatric weight management. METHODS: Participants were parents of 10-17year olds (body mass index [BMI] ≥85th percentile) who were referred for paediatric weight management. Parents were recruited from three Canadian sites (Vancouver, BC; Edmonton, AB; Hamilton, ON) and were eligible if their children attended at least one clinical appointment and subsequently discontinued care...
October 24, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765606/effect-of-lippia-alba-and-cymbopogon-citratus-essential-oils-on-biofilms-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-cytotoxicity-in-cho-cells
#12
A Tofiño-Rivera, M Ortega-Cuadros, D Galvis-Pareja, H Jiménez-Rios, L J Merini, M C Martínez-Pabón
BACKGROUND: Caries is a public health problem, given that it prevails in 60 to 90% of the school-age global population. Multiple factors interact in its etiology, among them dental plaque is necessary to have lactic acid producing microorganisms like Streptococcus from he Mutans group. Existing prevention and treatment measures are not totally effective and generate adverse effects, which is why it is necessary to search for complementary strategies for their management. AIM: The study sought to evaluate the eradication capacity of Streptococcus mutans biofilms and the toxicity on eukaryotic cells of Lippia alba and Cymbopogon citratus essential oils METHODOLOGY: Essential oils were extracted from plant material through steam distillation and then its chemical composition was determined...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752462/check-the-score-field-validation-of-street-smart-walk-score-in-alberta-canada
#13
Candace I J Nykiforuk, Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Katelynn Crick, Jeffrey A Johnson
Walk Score® is a proprietary walkability metric that ranks locations by proximity to destinations, with emerging health promotion applications for increasing walking as physical activity. Currently, field validations of Walk Score® have only occurred in metropolitan regions of the United States; moreover, many studies employ an earlier Walk Score® version utilizing straight line distance. To address this gap, we conducted a field validation of the newest, network-based metric for three municipal types along a rural-urban continuum in Alberta, Canada...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722795/the-impact-of-a-simplified-documentation-method-for-the-edmonton-classification-system-for-cancer-pain-ecs-cp-on-clinician-utilization
#14
Kimberson Tanco, Joseph Arthur, Ali Haider, Saneese Stephen, Sriram Yennu, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: The use of standardized pain classification systems such as the ECS-CP can assist in the assessment and management of cancer pain. However, its completion has been limited due to its perceived complexity of decoding each feature. The objectives of this study were to determine the rate of clinician documentation and completion of the ECS-CP features after revision and simplification of the response for each feature. METHODS: Electronic records of consecutive patient visits at the outpatient supportive care center seen by 12 palliative medicine specialists were collected at 6 months before (pre-interventional period), 6 and 24 months after (post-interventional period) the implementation of the simplified ECS-CP tool...
October 8, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707147/an-evaluation-of-a-frontline-led-quality-improvement-initiative
#15
Rachel Flynn, Dawn Hartfield
Purpose The Edmonton Zone, one of five Zones in Alberta Health Services (the health system in the province of Alberta, Canada), established a quality management framework (QMF) as a means to improve the delivery of high quality health care in the spring of 2014. The purpose of this research study was to understand the factors that facilitated or hindered the implementation of a quality improvement (QI) initiative for hand hygiene led by a newly formed frontline unit quality council (UQC), a part of the QMF, based out of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at the Stollery Children's Hospital in the Edmonton Zone...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696078/quality-of-life-qol-and-symptom-burden-sb-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#16
Julia Hamer, Rachel McDonald, Liying Zhang, Sunil Verma, Angela Leahey, Christine Ecclestone, Gillian Bedard, Natalie Pulenzas, Anchal Bhatia, Ronald Chow, Carlo DeAngelis, Janet Ellis, Eileen Rakovitch, Justin Lee, Edward Chow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden (SB) among breast cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with DCIS, early stage, locally advanced, or metastatic breast cancer completed the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Breast Cancer (FACT-B). Patients were divided into subsequent cohorts based on their last day of treatment, age at enrollment, radiation, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy...
September 30, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692428/new-algorithm-for-semiautomatic-segmentation-of-nasal-cavity-and-pharyngeal-airway-in-comparison-with-manual-segmentation-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#17
Noura A Alsufyani, Andy Hess, Michelle Noga, Nilanjan Ray, Mohammed A Q Al-Saleh, Manuel O Lagravère, Paul W Major
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to assess reliability, validity, and time efficiency of semiautomatic segmentation using Segura software of the nasal and pharyngeal airways, against manual segmentation with point-based analysis with color mapping. METHODS: Pharyngeal and nasal airways from 10 cone-beam computed tomography image sets were segmented manually and semiautomatically using Segura (University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada). To test intraexaminer and interexaminer reliabilities, semiautomatic segmentation was repeated 3 times by 1 examiner and then by 3 examiners...
October 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692121/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-south-asian-individuals-with-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-approach-registry
#18
Rajat Sharma, Colleen M Norris, Gabor Gyenes, Manohara Senaratne, Kevin R Bainey
BACKGROUND: Unequivocally, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with established cardiovascular disease improves survival. However, its effect on higher-risk ethnic groups has not been explored. Accordingly, we evaluated the effect of CR on South Asian (SA) compared with European Canadians with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Using the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) registry, 26,167 patients from Edmonton, Alberta who received coronary angiography with documented CAD were reviewed (January 2002 to March 2012)...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686752/patient-satisfaction-with-pharmacist-led-collaborative-follow-up-care-in-an-ambulatory-rheumatology-clinic
#19
Jill J Hall, Steven J Katz, M Ken Cor
OBJECTIVES: Patient satisfaction is known to increase with pharmacist intervention in general outpatient clinics and with nurse-led care in rheumatology clinics. The aim of the present study was to describe and compare patient satisfaction with two different types of care: a pharmacist physician collaborative model and a traditional physician model in a rheumatology clinic setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of inflammatory arthritis patients seen during a follow-up visit in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, was conducted over a ten-week period...
September 30, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677909/risk-of-hyponatremia-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-treated-with-exogenous-vasopressin-infusion
#20
Nancy Marr, Jessica Yu, Demetrios J Kutsogiannis, Sherif Hanafy Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: Vasopressin is one of the vasopressors used to augment blood pressure in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients with clinically significant vasospasm. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the administration of vasopressin to a population of SAH patients was an independent predictor of developing hyponatremia. METHODS: A retrospective review on the health records of 106 patients admitted to the University of Alberta Hospital Neurosciences ICU, Edmonton AB, Canada, with SAH from June 2013 to December 2015 was conducted...
September 27, 2016: Neurocritical Care
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