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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741740/ultrafine-fine-and-black-carbon-particle-concentrations-in-california-child-care-facilities
#1
Fraser W Gaspar, Randy Maddalena, Jeffery Williams, Rosemary Castorina, Zhong-Min Wang, Kazukiyo Kumagai, Thomas E McKone, Asa Bradman
Although many U.S. children spend time in child care, little information exists on exposures to airborne particulate matter (PM) in this environment, even though PM may be associated with asthma and other respiratory illness, which is a key concern for young children. To address this data gap, we measured ultrafine particles (UFP), PM2.5 , PM10 , and black carbon in 40 California child care facilities and examined associations with potential determinants. We also tested a low-cost optical particle measuring device (Dylos monitor)...
July 25, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737905/metabolism-of-t-2-toxin-in-farm-animals-and-human-in-vitro-and-in-chickens-in-vivo-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-hybrid-mass-spectrometry-along-with-online-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-technique
#2
Shupeng Yang, Marthe De Boevre, Huiyan Zhang, Karl De Ruyck, Feifei Sun, Jinzhen Zhang, Yue Jin, Yanshen Li, Zhanhui Wang, Suxia Zhang, Jinhui Zhou, Yi Li, Sarah De Saeger
After incubated with animals' and human liver microsomes, metabolites of phase I and II were investigated. A comparison was performed by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight coupled to mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q/TOF). Consequently, a total of four phase I metabolites and three glucuronide binding metabolites of T-2 toxin were discovered. Although a significant metabolic difference was observed among six species, HT-2 toxin was the major product in all species. In addition, the in vivo metabolism of T-2 toxin after oral administration was also investigated in chickens, In total, 18 metabolites were detected, of which 13 were novel, to our knowledge, and reported for the first time...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736777/cataloguing-treatments-discussed-and-used-in-online-autism-communities
#3
Shaodian Zhang, Tian Kang, Lin Qiu, Weinan Zhang, Yong Yu, Noémie Elhadad
A large number of patients discuss treatments in online health communities (OHCs). One research question of interest to health researchers is whether treatments being discussed in OHCs are eventually used by community members in their real lives. In this paper, we rely on machine learning methods to automatically identify attributions of mentions of treatments from an online autism community. The context of our work is online autism communities, where parents exchange support for the care of their children with autism spectrum disorder...
April 2017: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734682/how-have-systematic-priority-setting-approaches-influenced-policy-making-a-synthesis-of-the-current-literature
#4
REVIEW
Lydia Kapiriri, Donya Razavi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature on systematic approaches to healthcare priority setting from various countries and different levels of decision making. This paper synthesizes the current literature in order to assess the extent to which program budgeting and marginal analysis (PBMA), burden of disease & cost-effectiveness analysis (BOD/CEA), multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), and accountability for reasonableness (A4R), are reported to have been institutionalized and influenced policy making and practice...
July 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733155/implementation-of-a-health-information-exchange-into-community-pharmacy-workflow
#5
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina A Spivey, Samantha Boldin, Tara B Moore, Marie Chisholm-Burns
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and report preliminary outcomes of the integration of a health information exchange (HIE) into community pharmacy workflow clinical service delivery. SETTING: Independent pharmacy in eastern Tennessee. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The pharmacy offers medication reconciliation services via HIE access, as well as other clinical pharmacy services. The average number of prescriptions filled weekly is 1900, and staffing included 3...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#6
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731641/macronutrient-content-and-food-exchanges-for-48-greek-mediterranean-dishes
#7
Paraskevi Detopoulou, Maria Aggeli, Elena Andrioti, Maria Detopoulou
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to facilitate the translation of traditional Greek Mediterranean recipes into food exchanges for diabetes. Moreover, it provides a useful food list for meal planning, which can be used by health professionals and nutritionists, as well as researchers and the public. METHODS: A total of 48 traditional Greek Mediterranean dishes were selected in order to include appetisers, sauces, salads, pies, dishes with vegetables and legumes as well as egg, pasta, rice, meat, fish and poultry-based dishes...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730358/hydrogeochemical-characterization-and-groundwater-quality-assessment-in-intruded-coastal-brine-aquifers-laizhou-bay-china
#8
Xiaoying Zhang, Jinjie Miao, Bill X Hu, Hongwei Liu, Hanxiong Zhang, Zhen Ma
The aquifer in the coastal area of the Laizhou Bay is affected by salinization processes related to intense groundwater exploitation for brine resource and for agriculture irrigation during the last three decades. As a result, the dynamic balances among freshwater, brine, and seawater have been disturbed and the quality of groundwater has deteriorated. To fully understand the groundwater chemical distribution and evolution in the regional aquifers, hydrogeochemical and isotopic studies have been conducted based on the water samples from 102 observation wells...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#9
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729020/purification-of-cell-culture-derived-influenza-a-virus-via-continuous-anion-exchange-chromatography-on-monoliths
#10
Laura M Fischer, Michael W Wolff, Udo Reichl
The continuously increasing demand for potent and safe vaccines and the intensifying economic pressure on health care systems underlines the need for further optimization of vaccine manufacturing. Here, we focus on downstream processing of human influenza vaccines, investigating the purification of serum-free cell culture-derived influenza virus (A/PR/8/34 H1N1) using continuous chromatography. Therefore, quaternary amine anion exchange monoliths (CIM® QA) were characterized for their capacity to capture virus particles from animal cells cultivated in different media and their ability to separate virions from contaminating host cell proteins and DNA...
July 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728473/parents-views-on-childhood-obesity-qualitative-analysis-of-discussion-board-postings
#11
Jessica Appleton, Cathrine Fowler, Nicola Brown
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an increasing concern for parents and health professionals alike. Parents' perception of obesity as a current health issue for their children is important for the everyday parenting and health choices parents make. As parents are frequently going online to seek and exchange information about parenting and child health, asynchronous online discussion forums provide an opportunity to investigate their perceptions and concerns. Understanding parents' perceptions, beliefs and attitudes is important in any childhood obesity prevention and intervention...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727441/adsorption-induced-changes-of-human-hemoglobin-on-ferric-pyrophosphate-nanoparticle-surface-probed-by-isotope-exchange-mass-spectrometry-an-implication-on-structure-function-correlation
#12
Bindu Y Srinivasu, Beena Bose, Gopa Mitra, Anura V Kurpad, Amit Kumar Mandal
In general, proteins in the biological system interact with nanoparticles (NPs) via adsorption on the particle surface. Understanding the adsorption at molecular level is crucial to explore NP-protein interactions. The increasing concerns about the risk to human health on NP exposure have been explored through the discovery of a handful protein biomarkers and biochemical analysis. However, detailed information on structural perturbation and associated functional changes of proteins on interaction with NPs is limited...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727242/examining-trust-in-health-professionals-among-family-caregivers-of-nursing-home-residents-with-advanced-dementia
#13
Jannie A Boogaard, Perla Werner, Anna Zisberg, Jenny T van der Steen
AIM: In a context of increasing emphasis on shared decision-making and palliative care in dementia, research on family caregivers' trust in health professionals in advanced dementia is surprisingly scant. The aim of the present study was to assess trust in nursing home health professionals of family caregivers of nursing home residents with advanced dementia, and possible correlates, such as family caregivers' satisfaction, involvement in care, care burden and patients' symptom burden...
July 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725643/crisis-team-management-in-a-scarce-resource-setting-angkor-hospital-for-children-in-siem-reap-cambodia
#14
Richard Alynn Henker, Hiroko Henker, Hor Eng, John O'Donnell, Tachawan Jirativanont
INTRODUCTION: A crisis team management (CTM) simulation course was developed by volunteers from Health Volunteers Overseas for physicians and nurses at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC) in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The framework for the course was adapted from crisis resource management (1, 2), crisis team training (3), and TeamSTEPPs© models (4). The CTM course focused on teaching physicians and nurses on the development of team performance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Challenges to providing this course at AHC included availability of simulation equipment, cultural differences in learning, and language barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724374/cost-effectiveness-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-among-hiv-infected-patients-clinicaly-screened-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Grace A Shayo, Dereck Chitama, Candida Moshiro, Said Aboud, Muhammad Bakari, Ferdinand Mugusi
BACKGROUND: One of the reasons why Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for Tuberculosis (TB) is not widely used in low income countries is concerns on cost of excluding active TB. We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of IPT provision in Tanzania having ruled out active TB by a symptom-based screening tool. METHODS: Data on IPT cost-effectiveness was prospectively collected from an observational cohort study of 1283 HIV-infected patients on IPT and 1281 controls; followed up for 24 months...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724005/human-resources-for-health-global-crisis-and-international-cooperation
#16
Gustavo Zoio Portela, Amanda Cavada Fehn, Regina Lucia Sarmento Ungerer, Mario Roberto Dal Poz
From the 1990s onwards, national economies became connected and globalized. Changes in the demographic and epidemiological profile of the population highlighted the need for further discussions and strategies on Human Resources for Health (HRH). The health workforce crisis is a worldwide phenomenon. It includes: difficulties in attracting and retaining health professionals to work in rural and remote areas, poor distribution and high turnover of health staff particularly physicians, poor training of health workforces in new sanitation and demographic conditions and the production of scientific evidence to support HRH decision making, policy management, programs and interventions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723265/a-text-mining-analysis-of-the-public-s-reactions-to-the-opioid-crisis
#17
Elizabeth M Glowacki, Joseph B Glowacki, Gary B Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse has become an epidemic in the United States. On August 25, 2016, the former Surgeon General of the United States sent an open letter to care providers asking for their help with combatting this growing health crisis. Social media forums like Twitter allow for open discussions among the public and up-to-date exchanges of information about timely topics like opioids. Therefore, the goal of the current study is to identify the public's reactions to the opioid epidemic by identifying the most popular topics tweeted by users...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723139/sensitive-cytokine-assay-based-on-optical-fiber-allowing-localized-and-spatially-resolved-detection-of-interleukin-6
#18
Guozhen Liu, Kaixin Zhang, Annemarie Nadort, Mark R Hutchinson, Ewa M Goldys
We demonstrated a cytokine detection device based on gold nanoparticle modified silica optical fiber for the monitoring of locally variable cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations using a sandwich immunoassay scheme. The fiber is designed to be introduced into an intrathecal catheter with micrometer-sized holes drilled along its length to enable fluid exchange between the outside and inside of the catheter. An exposed optical fiber (diameter 125 μm) modified with a layer of gold nanoparticles was functionalized with the IL-6 capture antibody to form the sensing interface...
February 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722551/promoting-research-to-improve-maternal-neonatal-infant-and-adolescent-health-in-west-africa-the-role-of-the-west-african-health-organisation
#19
Issiaka Sombie, Aissa Bouwayé, Yves Mongbo, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Laurent Assogba, Xavier Crespin
West Africa has adopted numerous strategies to counter maternal and infant mortality, provides national maternal and infant health programmes, and hosts many active technical and financial partners and non-governmental organisations. Despite this, maternal and infant morbidity and mortality indicators are still very high. In this commentary, internal actors and officials of the West African Health Organisation (WAHO) examine the regional organisation's role in promoting research as a tool for strengthening maternal and infant health in West Africa...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721738/counting-bodies-on-future-engagements-with-science-studies-in-medical-anthropology
#20
Emily Yates-Doerr
Thirty years ago, Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Margaret Lock outlined a strategy for 'future work in medical anthropology' that focused on three bodies. Their article - a zeitgeist for the field - sought to intervene into the Cartesian dualisms characterizing ethnomedical anthropology at the time. Taking a descriptive and diagnostic approach, they defined 'the mindful body' as a domain of future anthropological inquiry and mapped three analytic concepts that could be used to study it: the individual/phenomenological body, the social body, and the body politic...
July 19, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
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