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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136302/the-sociotype-in-dermatology
#1
S E Marron, R Del Moral, J Navarro, S Lamas, P C Marijuan, L Tomas-Aragones
Skin diseases can be the cause of a significant psychosocial burden for those who suffer them. A number of studies have considered issues such as a lower quality of life, increased anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and other psychological disorders(1-3) . However, adequate means for evaluating social interaction difficulties, diminished social networks, and the impoverished conversational exchanges that affect the wellbeing and mental health of the individual have not been sufficiently developed. This article is protected by copyright...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135398/the-effect-of-obesity-on-dyspnea-exercise-capacity-walk-work-and-workload-in-patients-with-copd
#2
Hülya Şahin, İlknur Naz, Yelda Varol, Berna Kömürcüoğlu
Introduction: COPD and obesity are major public health problems that cause mortality and morbidity all over the world. The combined of COPD and obesity is predicted to increase further in the coming years. Obesity primarily affects the pulmonary system by altering respiratory functions, exercise capacity, pulmonary gas exchange, and endurance and power of respiratory muscles. In this study, we aimed to compare the dyspnea sensation, exercise capacity, walk work and workload in obese COPD patients compared to preobese and normal overweight COPD patients...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126298/what-proportion-of-people-who-try-one-cigarette-become-daily-smokers-a-meta-analysis-of-representative-surveys
#3
Max Birge, Stephen Duffy, Joanna Astrid Miler, Peter Hajek
Introduction: The 'conversion rate' from initial experimentation to daily smoking is a potentially important metric of smoking behavior, but estimates of it based on current representative data are lacking. Methods: The Global Health Data Exchange was searched for representative surveys conducted in English speaking, developed countries after year 2000 that included questions about ever trying a cigarette and ever smoking daily. The initial search identified 2776 surveys that were further screened for language, location, year, sample size, survey structure and representativeness...
November 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125935/going-viral-in-png-exploring-routes-and-circumstances-of-entry-of-a-rabies-infected-dog-into-papua-new-guinea
#4
Victoria J Brookes, Chris Degeling, Michael P Ward
In this qualitative study implemented in November 2016, we elicited narratives about fictional rabies incursions from key employees (n = 16) of the National Agriculture and Quarantine Inspection Authority in Papua New Guinea (PNG) to explore the potential circumstances and routes of entry of a rabies-infected dog, and direct rabies preparedness. Although PNG is rabies free, proximity to rabies-endemic Indonesia poses a risk of introduction and it is expected that an outbreak in PNG would have devastating human health impacts consistent with other countries with similarly low human development indices and abundant free-roaming dogs...
November 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124541/hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-potential-among-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-in-three-u-s-cities
#5
Heather A Joseph, Yi Pan, Maria Mendoza, Nina T Harawa, Jennifer Lauby, Sybil G Hosek, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Mary Milnamow, Maria Isabel Fernandez, William L Jeffries, Lisa Belcher, Gregorio A Millett
Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) are at increased HIV risk, but few efficacious interventions meet their unique needs. Three HIV prevention interventions were evaluated with a common protocol. Baseline data were pooled to describe sexual behavior involving transmission risk with male, female, and male-to-female transgender partners and identify factors associated with transmission risk. BMSMW from Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Chicago who reported sexual risk and bisexual behavior in the past year were recruited via modified chain referral sampling and community recruitment...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123253/the-gene-fmt-encoding-trna-fmet-formyl-transferase-is-essential-for-normal-growth-of-m-bovis-but-not-for-viability
#6
Miriam Vanunu, Ziv Lang, Daniel Barkan
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major health threat, necessitating novel drug targets. Protein synthesis in bacteria uses initiator tRNAi charged with formylated methionine residue. Deletion of the formylase gene, tRNA(fMet)-formyl transferase (fmt), causes severe growth-retardation in E. coli and in S. pneumoniae, but not in P. aeruginosa or S. aureus. fmt was predicted to be essential in M. tuberculosis by transposon library analysis, but this was never formally tested in any mycobacteria. We performed a targeted deletion of fmt in M...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118680/mapping-of-standards-to-facilitate-immunization-information-exchange-through-two-dimensional-bar-coding-of-vaccine-products
#7
Saira N Haque, Suzanne West, Alan O'Connor
Purpose: A two-dimensional barcode that includes both static information (vaccine identifier) and variable information (expiration date and lot number) can facilitate streamlined documentation and sharing of vaccine administration. We sought to identify how vaccine tracking information in the two-dimensional barcode is represented in systems that are used by pharmacies, providers, and public health agencies. Methods: We identified and reviewed relevant information technology standards that govern data storage and exchange for providers, pharmacy systems, billing systems, and manufacturers to identify how each system codes the vaccine identifier, expiration date, and lot number...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117263/genetic-health-and-population-monitoring-of-two-small-black-bear-ursus-americanus-populations-in-alabama-with-a-regional-perspective-of-genetic-diversity-and-exchange
#8
John P Draper, Lisette P Waits, Jennifer R Adams, Christopher L Seals, Todd D Steury
One of the major concerns in conservation today is the loss of genetic diversity which is a frequent consequence of population isolation and small population sizes. Fragmentation of populations and persecution of carnivores has posed a substantial threat to the persistence of free ranging carnivores in North America since the arrival of European settlers. Black bears have seen significant reductions in range size from their historic extent, which is most pronounced in the southeastern United States and even more starkly in Alabama where until recently bears were reduced to a single geographically isolated population in the Mobile River Basin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116455/do-habituation-host-traits-and-seasonality-have-an-impact-on-protist-and-helminth-infections-of-wild-western-lowland-gorillas
#9
Barbora Pafčo, Julio A Benavides, Ilona Pšenková-Profousová, David Modrý, Barbora Červená, Kathryn A Shutt, Hideo Hasegawa, Terence Fuh, Angelique F Todd, Klára J Petrželková
Increased anthropogenic activity can result in parasite exchanges and/or general changes in parasite communities, imposing a health risk to great apes. We studied protist and helminth parasites of wild western lowland gorilla groups in different levels of habituation, alongside humans inhabiting Dzanga-Sangha Protected Areas in the Central African Republic. Faeces were collected yearly during November and December from 2007 to 2010 and monthly from November 2010 to October 2011. Protist and helminth infections were compared among gorilla groups habituated, under habituation and unhabituated, and the effect of host traits and seasonality was evaluated...
November 7, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116182/the-origin-of-the-seasons-in-space-weather
#10
Mausumi Dikpati, Paul S Cally, Scott W McIntosh, Eyal Heifetz
Powerful 'space weather' events caused by solar activity pose serious risks to human health, safety, economic activity and national security. Spikes in deaths due to heart attacks, strokes and other diseases occurred during prolonged power outages. Currently it is hard to prepare for and mitigate the impact of space weather because it is impossible to forecast the solar eruptions that can cause these terrestrial events until they are seen on the Sun. However, as recently reported in Nature, eruptive events like coronal mass ejections and solar flares, are organized into quasi-periodic "seasons", which include enhanced bursts of eruptions for several months, followed by quiet periods...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110577/moral-economy-and-moral-capital-in-the-community-of-clinical-practice
#11
Chrystal Jaye, Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Martyn Williamson
This New Zealand study used focused ethnography to explore the activities of communities of clinical practice (CoCP) in a community-based long-term conditions management program within a large primary health care clinic. CoCP are the informal vehicles by which patient care was delivered within the program. Here, we describe the CoCP as a micro-level moral economy within which values such as trust, respect, authenticity, reciprocity, and obligation circulate as a kind of moral capital. As taxpayers, citizens who become patients are credited with moral capital because the public health system is funded by taxes...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110558/being-a-donor-child-wishes-for-parental-support-peer-support-and-counseling
#12
Anne Schrijvers, Henny Bos, Floor van Rooij, Trudie Gerrits, Fulco van der Veen, Monique Mochtar, Marja Visser
OBJECTIVES: We aimed at exploring the wishes of Dutch donor-conceived offspring for parental support, peer support and counseling and sought to contribute to the improvement of health care for all parties involved with assisted reproductive technologies. METHODS: We held semi-structured in-depth interviews with 24 donor-conceived offspring (Mage = 26.9, range 17-41) born within father-mother, two-mother and single mother families. The majority of the donor offspring was conceived with semen of anonymous donors...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108089/impacts-of-weatherization-on-indoor-air-quality-a-field-study-of-514-homes
#13
Scott Pigg, Dan Cautley, Paul W Francisco
Residential energy efficiency retrofits continue to be common in the United States, especially through governmental and utility programs. Because of the potential for reduced air exchange, there have been concerns raised regarding the potential for negative impacts on health and safety of residents when air sealing occurs. To address this concern, a study was undertaken in 2009-2010 to evaluate the indoor air quality impacts of weatherization performed through the U.S. Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program...
November 6, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107909/human-health-tradeoffs-in-wellhead-drinking-water-treatment-comparing-exposure-reduction-to-embedded-life-cycle-risks
#14
Mac Gifford, Mikhail Chester, Kiril Hristovski, Paul Westerhoff
Treatment of drinking water decreases human health risks by reducing pollutants, but the required materials, chemicals, and energy emit pollutants and increase health risks. We explored human carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic disease tradeoffs of water treatment by comparing pollutant dose-response curves against life cycle burden using USEtox methodology. An illustrative wellhead sorbent groundwater treatment system removing hexavalent chromium or pentavalent arsenic serving 3200 people was studied. Reducing pollutant concentrations in drinking water from 20 μg L(-1) to 10 μg L(-1) avoided 37 potential cancer cases and 64 potential non-cancer disease cases...
October 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107758/exploring-correlates-of-diabetes-related-stress-among-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#15
Matthew Tyler Boden, Sasha Gala
AIMS: To explore relations between diabetes-related stress and multiple sociodemographic, diabetes health, other health, and treatment-related variables among a large, diverse sample of adults with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). METHODS: The sample consisted of 10,821 adults (over 18 years old) enrolled in the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry. The T1D Exchange clinic network consists of 67 diabetes clinical centers throughout the United States selected to broadly represent pediatric and adult patients with T1D...
October 28, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107525/mindful-communication-being-present
#16
REVIEW
Maryjo Prince-Paul, Carol Kelley
OBJECTIVES: To review how mindfulness can be elicited in and strategically managed through communication, with a goal toward enhancing the patient/family relationship in the experience of cancer care. DATA SOURCES: Published, peer-reviewed literature, research reports, and Web-based resources. CONCLUSION: Mindful communication, an active process whereby the health care provider and patient /family unit are attentive to the timing, nature, and context of the dialogue exchange, helps direct care that is patient-centered, reflective, and relational...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106555/falling-short-how-state-laws-can-address-health-information-exchange-barriers-and-enablers
#17
Cason D Schmit, Sarah A Wetter, Bita A Kash
Objective: Research on the implementation of health information exchange (HIE) organizations has identified both positive and negative effects of laws relating to governance, incentives, mandates, sustainability, stakeholder participation, patient engagement, privacy, confidentiality, and security. We fill a substantial research gap by describing whether comprehensive state and territorial HIE legal frameworks address identified legal facilitators and barriers. Materials and Methods: We used the Westlaw database to identify state and territorial laws relating to HIEs in effect on June 7, 2016 (53 jurisdictions)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104450/optimizing-variance-bias-trade-off-in-the-twang-package-for-estimation-of-propensity-scores
#18
Layla Parast, Daniel F McCaffrey, Lane F Burgette, Fernando Hoces de la Guardia, Daniela Golinelli, Jeremy N V Miles, Beth Ann Griffin
While propensity score weighting has been shown to reduce bias in treatment effect estimation when selection bias is present, it has also been shown that such weighting can perform poorly if the estimated propensity score weights are highly variable. Various approaches have been proposed which can reduce the variability of the weights and the risk of poor performance, particularly those based on machine learning methods. In this study, we closely examine approaches to fine-tune one machine learning technique (generalized boosted models [GBM]) to select propensity scores that seek to optimize the variance-bias trade-off that is inherent in most propensity score analyses...
December 2017: Health Services & Outcomes Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104320/earning-spending-and-drug-use-in-a-therapeutic-workplace
#19
Shrinidhi Subramaniam, Anthony DeFulio, Brantley P Jarvis, August F Holtyn, Kenneth Silverman
Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing health problem that is associated with the degree to which individuals choose small, immediate monetary outcomes over larger, delayed outcomes. This study was a secondary analysis exploring the relation between financial choices and drug use in opioid-dependent adults in a therapeutic workplace intervention. Sixty-seven participants were randomly assigned to a condition in which access to paid job training was contingent upon naltrexone adherence (N = 35) or independent of naltrexone adherence (N = 32)...
June 2017: Psychological Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103392/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-herd-health-and-production-management-programme-in-organic-dairy-cattle-farms-a-process-evaluation-approach
#20
J E Duval, N Bareille, A Madouasse, M de Joybert, K Sjöström, U Emanuelson, F Bonnet-Beaugrand, C Fourichon
Animal health planning activities are not always providing a satisfactory positive impact on herd health and welfare. Moreover, evaluating the impact of advisory programmes is complex due to multiple interacting elements that influence its outcome. Therefore, measuring solely health outcomes is not sufficient: the whole process of the implementation and use of such programmes should be evaluated. In order to evaluate the impact of an intervention with a Herd Health and Production Management (HHPM) programme a process evaluation framework was designed and used...
November 6, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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