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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429671/ethanolamine-metabolism-in-the-mammalian-gastrointestinal-tract-mechanisms-patterns-and-importance
#1
J Zhou, X Xiong, K Wang, L Zou, D Lv, Y Yin
Nutritional exchanges and cooperation between bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and the mammalian host play an important role in health and disease. Ethanolamine is an essential dietary lipid nutrient for animals and is abundant in both intestinal and bacterial cell membranes. Ethanolamine can be utilized by intestinal eukaryotic cells via the cytidine phosphoethanolamine pathway for de novo synthesis of phosphatidylethanolamine, and certain bacteria are able to catabolize it as a major carbon and/or nitrogen source with the help of ethanolamine utilization proteins...
March 31, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429631/household-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-preliminary-study
#2
Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Victor J Animasahun, Albert A Salako, Bankole K Oyewole
BACKGROUND: Household food insecurity has been associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes. This study therefore determined the prevalence of household food insecurity and its associated factors among people living with HIV in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 244 adult clients accessing care and support at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria, selected via systematic sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429514/maternal-metabolic-adaptations-to-pregnancy-among-young-women-in-cebu-philippines
#3
Ruby L Fried, Nanette L Mayol, Thom W McDade, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: Evidence that fetal development has long-term impacts on health has increased interest in maternal-fetal nutrient exchange. Although maternal metabolism is known to change during gestation to accommodate fetal nutrient demands, little is known about these modifications outside of a Western, clinical context. This study characterizes maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy, and their associations with offspring birth weight (BW), among women living in the Philippines. METHODS: Fasting glucose, triglycerides, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin were assessed in 808 participants in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines)...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429273/assessment-of-the-temporal-and-spatial-distribution-of-atmospheric-pcns-and-their-air-soil-exchange-using-passive-air-samplers-in-shanghai-east-china
#4
Qingqi Die, Zhiqiang Nie, Bo Yue, Xuemei Zhu, Xingbao Gao, Jianyuan Wang, Yufei Yang, Yanyan Fang, Qifei Huang
A total of 47 passive air samples and 25 soil samples were collected to study the temporal trend, distribution, and air-soil exchange of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) in Shanghai, China. Atmospheric PCNs ranged from 3.44 to 44.1 pg/m(3) (average of 21.9 pg/m(3)) in summer and 13.6 to 153 pg/m(3) (average of 40.0 pg/m(3)) in winter. In the soil samples, PCN concentrations were 54.7-1382 pg/g dry weight (average of 319 pg/g). Tri-CNs and tetra-CNs were two dominant homolog groups in air samples, while di-CNs were also found at comparable proportions to tri-CNs and tetra-CNs in soil samples...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428187/zambian-peer-educators-for-hiv-self-testing-zest-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia
#5
Catherine E Oldenburg, Katrina F Ortblad, Michael M Chanda, Kalasa Mwanda, Wendy Nicodemus, Rebecca Sikaundi, Andrew Fullem, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: HIV testing and knowledge of status are starting points for HIV treatment and prevention interventions. Among female sex workers (FSWs), HIV testing and status knowledge remain far from universal. HIV self-testing (HIVST) is an alternative to existing testing services for FSWs, but little evidence exists how it can be effectively and safely implemented. Here, we describe the rationale and design of a cluster randomised trial designed to inform implementation and scale-up of HIVST programmes for FSWs in Zambia...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427366/network-analysis-of-global-tobacco-control-collaboration-data-from-the-world-conference-on-tobacco-or-health-wctoh
#6
Scott J Leischow, Janet Okamoto, Scott McIntosh, Deborah J Ossip, Harry A Lando
BACKGROUND: The World Conference on Tobacco or Health (WCTOH) is held every three years to foster communication and collaboration on global tobacco control. Very little is known about the nature of interactions between WCTOH attendees and their linkages to tobacco control organizations, so knowing this information could help improve tobacco control efforts. METHODS: At the 2015 WCTOH, we implemented an online survey to assess barriers to global tobacco control activities, which information sources they use for tobacco control information, and with whom they interact regarding tobacco control...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425054/can-a-three-component-prosthesis-be-used-for-conversion-of-painful-ankle-arthrodesis-to-total-ankle-replacement
#7
Markus Preis, Travis Bailey, Lucas S Marchand, Alexej Barg
BACKGROUND: In patients with painful ankle arthrodesis, the surgical treatment is challenging, and may include takedown of ankle arthrodesis and conversion to a total ankle replacement (TAR). This procedure is technically demanding given the altered anatomy after arthrodesis. Few studies have evaluated TAR in the setting of prior arthrodesis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What intraoperative and perioperative complications were observed in patients who underwent conversion of an ankle arthrodesis to a TAR? (2) Was durable fixation achieved at short term, and what was the alignment of the components? (3) What subsequent surgical procedures were performed, including revisions? (4) What improvements were observed in pain, tibiotalar range of motion (ROM), and quality of life? METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2014, 18 patients with a painful ankle arthrodesis underwent conversion to TAR at our tertiary referral center...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423838/computable-information-governance-contracts
#8
James Cunningham, Gary Leeming, John Ainsworth
The risks of relinquishing control of electronic healthcare data for re-use in research are mitigated by the use of data sharing agreements and information governance procedures. These exist as legal, or quasi-legal, textual documents exchanged between data owners. Their existence outside of the digital realm leads to a situation where breaches of an agreement can only be detected and acted on post-hoc. We introduce the design of a system of computable contracts, specified formally, that can enforce the rules of data sharing agreements within the bounds of electronic health care systems...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423772/integrit-towards-utilizing-the-swedish-national-health-information-exchange-platform-for-clinical-research
#9
Maria Hägglund, Therese Scott Duncan, Karin Kai-Larsen, Gunilla Hedlin, Ingvar Krakau
This paper describes how the Swedish national Health Information Exchange platform can be used to facilitate clinical research in the future. Different e-services for different user groups are being developed using a user-centered design approach. The main user groups are study participants, clinical researchers and healthcare professionals. The different e-services are based on an in-depth analysis of the clinical research process, and the main identified needs relate to recruitment of study participants, access to clinical data from different sources as well as improved tools for patients' self-reporting...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423107/health-program-in-a-brazilian-school
#10
Ubaldo O A Silva, Gerian L Nascimento, Isis Kelly Santos, Kesley P M Azevedo, Christiane F Santos, Maria I Knackfuss, Humberto J Medeiros
Objective: To analyze the School Health Program (SHP) through the perceptions of managers and health professionals. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, and qualitative study that conducted interviews with 21 individuals using the lexical analysis of Bardin's speech and processed the data through the Alceste software. Results: In the interviewees' perception, verification of blood pressure, visual acuity, weight, height, body mass index, oral health, preventive actions and educational lectures are recommended in the program's guidelines...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421292/phylogenetic-insight-into-zika-and-emerging-viruses-for-a-perspective-on-potential-hosts
#11
Diana S Weber, Karen A Alroy, Samuel M Scheiner
Global viral diversity is substantial, but viruses that contribute little to the public health burden or to agricultural damage receive minimal attention until a seemingly unimportant virus becomes a threat. The Zika virus (ZIKV) illustrated this, as there was limited information and awareness of the virus when it was identified as a public health emergency in February 2016. Predicting which virus may pose a future threat is difficult. This is in part because significant knowledge gaps in the basic biology and ecology of an emerging virus can impede policy development, delay decision making, and hinder public health action...
April 18, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418815/educational-activity-for-the-radiation-emergency-system-in-the-northern-part-of-japan-meeting-report-on-the-3rd-educational-symposium-on-radiation-and-health-esrah-by-young-scientists-in-2016
#12
Yusuke Matsuya, Takakiyo Tsujiguchi, Masaru Yamaguchi, Takaaki Kimura, Ryosuke Mori, Ryota Yamada, Ryo Saga, Yohei Fujishima, Hiroyuki Date
In the northern part of Japan, close cooperation is essential in preparing for any possible emergency response to radiation accidents because several facilities, such as the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility, the MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant and the Vitrified Waste Storage Center, exist in Rokkasho Village (Aomori Prefecture). After the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011, special attention should be given to the relationship between radiation and human health, as well as establishing a system for managing with a radiation emergency...
April 18, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416189/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-japanese-orthopedic-association-back-pain-evaluation-questionnaire-can-we-implement-it-in-saudi-arabia-study-design-cross-sectional-study
#13
Saud Mohammed Alfayez, Abdullah Nasser Bin Dous, Abdullah Abdulaziz Altowim, Qais Abdulmohsin Alrabiei, Bandar Obaid Alsubaie, Waleed Mohammad Awwad
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopedic Association designed their back pain evaluation questionnaire (JOABPEQ) which was proven to be feasible, reliable and valid. The questionnaire's validity and reliability were confirmed when it was implemented in patients with different cultural background. Since the JOABPEQ still has not been utilized in any of the Arabic countries, we present the Arabic version with its validity and reliability. METHODS: After ensuring an optimal forward-backward translation of the JOABPEQ, the Arabic version was distributed among 151 patients visiting our clinics from December 2015 to February 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413010/-an-example-of-a-network-supporting-elderly-people
#14
Maya Spivac-de Saint-Martin, Sophie Emery, Adèle de Malherbe, Christian Hervé
One of a health network's main missions is to favour access to care and to decompartmentalise the management of patients' treatment. With regard to the coordination of the pathways of elderly people, the 'Access to Care, Access to Rights, Health Education' network operating in the Hauts-de-Seine region aims to support health professionals in establishing and coordinating the health pathway of people in complex situations. It is a question of trust, cooperation, multi-professionality and exchanges.
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412898/a-collaborative-process-for-evaluating-infant-mental-health-home-visiting-in-michigan
#15
Jamie M Lawler, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik, Mary Ludtke, Deborah J Weatherston, Betty Tableman
This column describes an innovative collaboration in Michigan that could serve as a model for meaningful community-university-state partnerships. Recent legislation in Michigan threatened the infant mental health home visiting program, a service for Medicaid-eligible infants, toddlers, and families affected by mental illness. The University of Michigan is overseeing two major studies in collaboration with the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, the Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health, the Michigan Infant Toddler Research Exchange faculty network, and community health service providers to determine the evidence base for the program and ensure its future success...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411942/transplacental-nutrient-transfer-in-the-human-in%C3%A2-vivo-determined-by-4-vessel-sampling
#16
Trond M Michelsen, Ane M Holme, Tore Henriksen
BACKGROUND: The intrauterine environment and especially the fetal nutritional conditions affect lifelong health. There are few human in vivo studies on fetal nutrition. The importance to test experimentally based concepts of fetal nutrition in a human in vivo setting is becoming increasingly apparent. A way of testing nutrient transfer in human is 4-vessel sampling, which implies blood sampling from artery and vein on both sides of the placenta. Here we give a brief review of the studies using the 4-vessel sampling method...
March 24, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410337/adaptation-of-lean-six-sigma-methodologies-for-the-evaluation-of-veterans-choice-program-at-3-urban-veterans-affairs-medical-centers
#17
Sherry L Ball, Lauren D Stevenson, Amy C Ladebue, Marina S McCreight, Emily C Lawrence, Taryn Oestreich, Anne C Lambert-Kerzner
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Healthcare Administration (VHA) is adapting to meet the changing needs of our Veterans. VHA leaders are promoting quality improvement strategies including Lean Six Sigma (LSS). This study used LSS tools to evaluate the Veterans Choice Program (VCP), a program that aims to improve access to health care services for eligible Veterans by expanding health care options to non-VHA providers. RESEARCH DESIGN: LSS was utilized to assess the current process and efficiency patterns of the VCP at 3 VHA Medical Centers...
April 13, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410188/like-or-dislike-impact-of-facebook-on-ewing-sarcoma-treatment
#18
Paul Ruckenstuhl, Michael Schippinger, Paul Liebmann, Andreas Leithner, Gerwin Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients are raising their voices in online forums to exchange health-related information. Facebook is the leading social media platform with more than 1 billion international daily users recorded in the summer of 2015. Facebook has a dynamic audience and is utilized in a number of ways, discussing medical issues being one of them. Ewing sarcoma mainly affects teenagers and young adults. Additionally, many individuals within this age group are regular users of Facebook...
August 25, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407668/type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-lower-cardiorespiratory-fitness-independent-of-pulmonary-function-in-severe-obesity
#19
Britta Wilms, Barbara Ernst, Martin Thurnheer, Christina M Spengler, Bernd Schultes
Both severe obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are associated with reduced pulmonary function and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness. We investigated whether T2DM further aggravates the impaired pulmonary function and cardiorespiratory fitness in subjects with severe obesity. In this cross-sectional study pulmonary function (forced expiratory volume within 1 s, FEV1; vital capacity, VC) was assessed in 65 severely obese subjects with T2DM (T2DM group) and 65 severely obese subjects without T2DM (non-T2DM group), pairwise matched for sex, age, weight, and height...
April 13, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406869/concept-communication-and-interpretation-of-illness-a-holistic-model-of-understanding-in-nursing-practice
#20
Halvor Nordby
To ensure patient communication in nursing, certain conditions must be met that enable successful exchange of beliefs, thoughts, and other mental states. The conditions that have received most attention in the nursing literature are derived from general communication theories, psychology, and ethical frameworks of interpretation. This article focuses on a condition more directly related to an influential coherence model of concept possession from recent philosophy of mind and language. The basic ideas in this model are (i) that the primary source of understanding of illness experiences is communicative acts that express concepts of illness, and (ii) that the key to understanding patients' concepts of illness is to understand how they depend on patients' lifeworlds...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
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