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Orthopaedic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431450/-livestock-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-epidemiological-data-from-an-orthopaedic-department-in-north-west-germany
#1
Gerrit Steffen Maier, Fritz Thorey, Kristina Kolbow, Djordje Lazovic, Markus Lühmann, Jörg Ohnsorge, Uwe Maus
Background MRSA represents a considerable health threat to orthopaedic patients. Throughout the last decade, livestock-associated MRSA emerged increasingly in livestock all over Europe. LA-MRSA broke the species barrier, colonizing and causing infections in humans. Nevertheless, to date there are no studies concerning livestock-associated MRSA and orthopaedic patients. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of LA-MRSA in a regional orthopaedic department localized in an area with high-density livestock...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428035/evaluation-of-the-external-fixator-truelok-hexapod-system-for-tibial-deformity-correction-in-children
#2
Sébastien Pesenti, Christopher A Iobst, Franck Launay
BACKGROUND: Tibial deformities are common in paediatric orthopaedic practice. Correcting multiplanar tibial deformities associated with lower limb length discrepancycan be challenging. Hexapod external fixation with gradual correction has been proven effective in this situation. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical and radiological outcomes of gradual tibial deformity correction using the external fixator TL-HEX(TM)(Orthofix) in children. HYPOTHESIS: TL-HEX™ is effective in correcting tibial deformities in children...
April 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427474/assessment-of-surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-surgical-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-addis-ababa
#3
Nitsuh Alemayehu Argaw, Kibruyisfawe Zewdie Shumbash, Alemseged Ayele Asfaw, Segewkal Hawaze
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antimicrobials have a starring role in prevention of surgical site infection. This study assesses the practice of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) and development of surgical site infection (SSI) based on patient chart review in patients who underwent surgery in the Orthopaedics and Traumatology Surgical Unit of Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital (TASH). RESULTS: Majority of the patients 144 (72%) were males. 108 (54%) of the surgical wounds were clean and 63 (31%) were clean contaminated...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422796/waterless-hand-rub-versus-traditional-hand-scrub-methods-for-preventing-the-surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#4
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Masahiko Seki, Yoshiyuki Ando, Tadao Tsujio, Masatoshi Hoshino, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study with prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare SSI incidences, the cost of hand hygiene agents, and hand hygiene time between the traditional hand scrub and the waterless hand rub protocols before orthopaedic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical-site-infections (SSI) prolong hospitalization and are a leading nosocomial cause of morbidity as well as a source of excess cost. Recently, a waterless hand rub protocol comprising alcohol based chlorhexidine gluconate for use before surgery was developed, but no studies have yet examined its utility in orthopaedic surgery...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410572/incidence-of-infection-following-internal-fixation-of-open-and-closed-tibia-fractures-in-india-infiniti-a-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#5
Prakash Doshi, Hitesh Gopalan, Sheila Sprague, Chetan Pradhan, Sunil Kulkarni, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a major public health problem, particularly in India due to the country's rapid urbanization. Tibia fractures are a common and often complicated injury that is at risk of infection following surgical fixation. The primary objectives of this cohort study were to determine the incidence of infection within one year of surgery and to describe the distribution of infections by location and time of diagnosis for tibia fractures in India. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center, prospective cohort study...
April 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407423/orthopaedic-biofilm-infections
#6
REVIEW
Werner Zimmerli, Parham Sendi
Many infections of the musculoskeletal system are biofilm infections that develop on non-living surfaces. Microorganisms adhere either on dead bone (sequesters) or implants. As a rule for a curative concept, chronic osteomyelitis or implant-associated bone infection must be treated with a combination of surgery and antimicrobial therapy. If an implant is kept in place, or a new device is implanted before complete healing of infection, a biofilm-active antibiotic should be used. Rifamycins are active against biofilms of staphylococci, and fluoroquinolones against those of Gram-negative bacilli...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407253/treatment-of-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures-following-plateless-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-to-manage-cranial-cruciate-disease
#7
R De Sousa, P Egan, K Parsons, S Butterworth, I Calvo, S Roch, A P Moores
OBJECTIVE: To report diaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate stabilisation for the management of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs. METHODS: Members of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association's online discussion forum were invited to submit revision cases of tibial diaphyseal fracture following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate fixation. Data collected included signalment, surgical revision technique, pre- and postoperative revision radiographic findings, complications and veterinary assessment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403859/managing-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-surgeons-decision-making-for-one-stage-and-two-stage-revision-surgery-for-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection
#8
Andrew J Moore, Ashley W Blom, Michael R Whitehouse, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Approximately 88,000 primary hip replacements are performed in England and Wales each year. Around 1% go on to develop deep prosthetic joint infection. Between one-stage and two-stage revision arthroplasty best treatment options remain unclear. Our aims were to characterise consultant orthopaedic surgeons' decisions about performing either one-stage or two-stage revision surgery for patients with deep prosthetic infection (PJI) after hip arthroplasty, and to identify whether a randomised trial comparing one-stage with two-stage revision would be feasible...
April 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399047/assessing-quality-and-safety-in-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fracture-care
#9
Christopher A Iobst, Matthew Stillwagon, Deidre Ryan, Eric Shirley, Steven L Frick
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an emphasis on improving quality, safety, and value in the delivery of health care in the United States. The American Board of Orthopedic Surgery (ABOS) has developed a performance improvement questionnaire (PIQ) for orthopaedic surgeons managing pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture (PSCHF). Using the supracondylar PIQ as a guide, this study evaluates the process of measuring the outcomes and variations in care to PSCHF patients among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393758/prosthetic-joint-and-implant-contamination-caused-by-ralstonia-pickettii-a-report-of-three-cases%C3%B9
#10
Brett D Edwards, Ranjani Somayaji, Bayan Missaghi, Wilson W Chan, Aaron J Bois
We describe three cases of orthopaedic contamination caused by Ralstonia pickettii grown from prosthetic joint and implant material cultures following sonication in the microbiology laboratory. Given the temporal association between the cases, lack of clinical or intra-operative features of infection, growth of the organism in the water bath, and unlikely etiology of Ralstonia as a prosthetic joint or implant pathogen, the bacteria were judged to be contaminants.
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389865/what-is-the-long-term-economic-societal-effect-of-periprosthetic-infections-after-tha-a-markov-analysis
#11
Thomas J Parisi, Joseph F Konopka, Hany S Bedair
BACKGROUND: Current estimates for the direct costs of a single episode of care for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after THA are approximately USD 100,000. These estimates do not account for the costs of failed treatments and do not include indirect costs such as lost wages. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The goal of this study was to estimate the long-term economic effect to society (direct and indirect costs) of a PJI after THA treated with contemporary standards of care in a hypothetical patient of working age (three scenarios, age 55, 60, and 65 years)...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388886/allograft-tendon-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-talofibular-ligament-and-calcaneofibular-ligament-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-ankle-instability
#12
Weikai Wang, Guo Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The purpose was retrospectively to investigate functional and clinical outcomes after anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) reconstruction using a single allograft. METHODS: Patients with severe chronic lateral instability of the ankle underwent surgery after conservative treatment failed. Ultrasounds of the ankle were performed, and if the AFTL and CFL were completely torn without enough soft tissue for repair, the ligaments were reconstructed using allograft tendon...
April 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386730/inhibition-of-biofilm-formation-on-iodine-supported-titanium-implants
#13
Daisuke Inoue, Tamon Kabata, Kaori Ohtani, Yoshitomo Kajino, Toshiharu Shirai, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: We have developed iodine-supported titanium implants that suppress microbial activities and conducted in vivo and in vitro studies to determine their antimicrobial properties. METHODS: The implants were Ti-6Al-4 V titanium implants either untreated (Ti), treated with oxide film on the Ti surface by anodization (Ti-O), or treated with an iodine coating on oxidation film (Ti-I). The strain of bacteria used in this study was Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus strain ATCC 25923...
April 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385946/the-management-of-open-tibial-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series-of-eight-years-experience-of-61-cases-at-a-paediatric-specialist-centre
#14
R S Nandra, F Wu, A Gaffey, C E Bache
AIMS: Following the introduction of national standards in 2009, most major paediatric trauma is now triaged to specialist units offering combined orthopaedic and plastic surgical expertise. We investigated the management of open tibia fractures at a paediatric trauma centre, primarily reporting the risk of infection and rate of union. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 61 children who between 2007 and 2015 presented with an open tibia fracture...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375896/american-orthopaedic-surgeons-in-world-war-i
#15
David P Green, Jesse C DeLee
On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany and entered what was then called the Great War. Among the first officers sent to Europe were 21 orthopaedic surgeons in the so-called First Goldthwait Unit. Prior to the war, orthopaedics had been a nonoperative "strap-and-buckle" specialty that dealt primarily with infections, congenital abnormalities, and posttraumatic deformity. The Great War changed all of that forever, creating a new surgical specialty with emphasis on acute treatment, prevention of deformity, restoration of function, and rehabilitation...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371500/joint-preserving-surgery-for-talar-malunions-or-nonuions
#16
Gang Chen, Mu Hu, Yang Xu, Yue-Huan Zhen, Yuan Hong, Xiang-Yang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and analyze the outcomes of joint-preserving surgical treatments which included anatomical reconstruction or alignment correction for talar malunions or nonunions, and avoid development of degenerative changes in the adjacent joints. METHODS: Eight patients who had painful talar malunions or nonunions treated between 2009 and 2015 were included in this retrospective study. The mean age of the patients was 35.6 years, with patients aged from 18 to 58 years...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365167/outcomes-of-the-ilizarov-frame-use-in-elderly-patients
#17
Efthymios Iliopoulos, Natasha Morrissey, Seok Cho, Arshad Khaleel
AIM: The use of circular frame is widely accepted. This is an outcome review on use of circular Ilizarov frame in elderly patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: Data from all patients treated with an Ilizarov circular frame between January 2002 and December 2014, who were 65 years of age or over at surgery was collected. Seventy Ilizarov circular frames were applied during this period in our unit at a mean age of 71.2 years. Clinical, radiological and quality of life questionnaire (SF-12) data were gathered...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362519/salvage-of-combat-hindfoot-fractures-in-2003-2014-uk-military
#18
Philippa M Bennett, Thomas Stevenson, Ian D Sargeant, Alistair Mountain, Jowan G Penn-Barwell
BACKGROUND: Hindfoot fractures pose a considerable challenge to military orthopaedic surgeons, as combat injuries are typically the result of energy transfers not seen in civilian practice. This study aimed to characterize the pattern of hindfoot injuries sustained by UK military casualties in recent conflicts, define the early amputation and infection rate, and identify factors associated with poor early outcomes. METHODS: The UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry was searched for British military casualties sustaining a hindfoot fracture from Iraq and Afghanistan between 2003 and 2014...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358771/orthopaedic-snafus-when-adverse-events-happen-in-orthopaedics
#19
Mary Atkinson Smith, Colleen Walsh, Barbara Levin, Kathyrn Eaten, Melissa Yager
The potential for adverse events exists when treating and managing orthopaedic patients in the intraoperative or postoperative environments, especially when it comes to falls, surgical site infections, venous thromboembolism, and injuries to nerves and blood vessels. Orthopaedic nurses play a vital role in the promotion and use of evidence-based interventions to decrease the incidence of these adverse events, improve quality of care, and minimize the financial burden related to these adverse events.
March 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355767/-effects-of-reconstruction-with-unicondylar-osteoarticular-allografts-with-or-without-prosthesis-for-bone-tumors-around-knee-joint
#20
Y S Xue, J Fu, Z Guo, Z Wang, Y J Pei, L L Dang, H B Fan
Objective: To investigate the survival rate, function outcomes, and complications after using unicondylar osteoarticular allografts with or without prosthesis to reconstruct the knee joint for tumors located in distal femoral or proximal tibial uni-condyle. Methods: Twenty-two patients who underwent unicondylar osteoarticular allografts with or without prosthesis composite reconstructions from January 2007 to December 2015 in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery of Xi Jing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University were retrospectively reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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