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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227063/diorama-enhances-efficiency-of-a-mass-casualty-incident-system-and-experimentation
#2
Aura Ganz, James M Schafer, Zhuorui Yang, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, Aura Ganz, James M Schafer, Zhuorui Yang, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, James M Schafer
In this paper we show DIORAMA efficiency in a simulated Mass Casualty Incident drill. As shown by our results DIORAMA system has achieved orderly transport of patients from site of injury to collection point, all red before the yellow were transported (no order was obeyed in the paper drills). We also show that DIORAMA system was used by responders with very short training time and by responders that are not familiar with each other. The qualitative results show that DIORAMA system was found to be user friendly and useful in tracking patients and responders in real time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227062/vision-based-responders-localization-techniques-in-urban-search-and-rescue-scenarios
#3
Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz
In this paper, we introduce a vision-based localization algorithm that can accurately track responders during rescue operations in urban areas that are Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)-denied. The proposed algorithm works successfully with the rich visual features of an urban environment and obtains an average localization accuracy of 2.5 ft. In addition, we also provide a 3D representation of the disaster field which reflects the current conditions of the site.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227020/spatial-temporal-forensic-analysis-of-mass-casualty-incidents-using-video-sequences
#4
Hao Dong, Juechen Yin, James Schafer, Aura Ganz, Hao Dong, Juechen Yin, James Schafer, Aura Ganz, Juechen Yin, Hao Dong, James Schafer, Aura Ganz
In this paper we introduce DIORAMA based forensic analysis of mass casualty incidents (MCI) using video sequences. The video sequences captured on site are automatically annotated by metadata, which includes the capture time and the camera location and viewing direction. Using a visual interface the MCI investigators can easily understand the availability of video clips in specific areas of interest, and efficiently review them. The video-based forensic analysis system will enable the MCI investigators to better understand the rescue operations and subsequently improve training procedures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219443/a-new-framework-for-evaluating-the-health-impacts-of-treatment-for-gaucher-disease-type-1
#5
Michael L Ganz, Sean Stern, Alex Ward, Luba Nalysnyk, Martin Selzer, Alaa Hamed, Neal Weinreb
BACKGROUND: The Disease Severity Scoring System (DS3) is a validated measure for evaluating Gaucher disease type 1 (GD1) severity. We developed a new framework, consisting of health states, transition probabilities between those states, and preferences for those states (utilities) based on the DS3 to predict long-term outcomes of patients starting treatment. We defined nine mutually exclusive (alive) health states based on three DS3 categories: mild (0 ≤ DS3 ≤ 3.5) without symptoms of bone disease; mild with bone pain, mild with severe skeletal complications (SSC) defined as lytic lesions, avascular necrosis, or fracture; moderate (3...
February 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214321/pr%C3%A3-und-perioperative-aspekte-der-versorgung-dermatochirurgischer-patienten
#6
Cornelia S L Müller, Wakiko Hubner, Sigrid Thieme-Ruffing, Claudia Pföhler, Thomas Vogt, Thomas Volk, Barbara C Gärtner, Patric Bialas
Die Dermatochirurgie nimmt hinsichtlich vieler Punkte eine Sonderstellung unter den operativen Fächern ein. Hierzu gehört in erster Linie die Tatsache, dass bis auf wenige Ausnahmen fast alle Eingriffe traditionell in Lokal- bzw. Regionalanästhesie und oft auch in räumlich-infrastruktureller Trennung von den großen Zentral-Operationssälen stattfinden können. Die peri- und postoperative Überwachung obliegt dabei dem dermatochirurgischen Operationsteam. Das sui generis kleinere OP-Team hat somit eine ganze Reihe perioperativer Notwendigkeiten zu beachten, um die sich in den "großen" chirurgischen Fächern eine Vielzahl verschiedener beteiligter Fachgruppen gemeinsam kümmern...
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210776/cost-effectiveness-of-denosumab-versus-oral-alendronate-for-elderly-osteoporotic-women-in-japan
#7
T Mori, C J Crandall, D A Ganz
: We constructed a Markov microsimulation model among hypothetical cohorts of community-dwelling elderly osteoporotic Japanese women without prior hip or vertebral fractures over a lifetime horizon. Compared with weekly oral alendronate for 5 years, denosumab every 6 months for 5 years is cost-saving or cost-effective at a conventionally accepted threshold. INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to examine the cost-effectiveness of subcutaneous denosumab every 6 months for 5 years compared with weekly oral alendronate for 5 years in Japan...
February 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208180/improving-the-evidence-base-for-delivery-of-high-quality-cancer-care
#8
Zaina P Qureshi, Patricia A Ganz, Charles L Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207737/the-enteric-nervous-system-promotes-intestinal-health-by-constraining-microbiota-composition
#9
Annah S Rolig, Erika K Mittge, Julia Ganz, Josh V Troll, Ellie Melancon, Travis J Wiles, Kristin Alligood, W Zac Stephens, Judith S Eisen, Karen Guillemin
Sustaining a balanced intestinal microbial community is critical for maintaining intestinal health and preventing chronic inflammation. The gut is a highly dynamic environment, subject to periodic waves of peristaltic activity. We hypothesized that this dynamic environment is a prerequisite for a balanced microbial community and that the enteric nervous system (ENS), a chief regulator of physiological processes within the gut, profoundly influences gut microbiota composition. We found that zebrafish lacking an ENS due to a mutation in the Hirschsprung disease gene, sox10, develop microbiota-dependent inflammation that is transmissible between hosts...
February 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197752/surgical-dislocation-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-hip-deformity-clinical-and-radiographical-results-at-3%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#10
Nicola Guindani, Oliver Eberhardt, Thomas Wirth, Michele F Surace, Francisco F Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical, radiographic short-term results and complications after surgical hip dislocation in young patients (≤18 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and radiographic outcomes were assessed in patients who underwent a surgical hip dislocation Ganz-type approach between 2008 and 2012. Diagnosis included Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, femoroacetabular impingement, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, multiple hereditary exostoses and pigmented villonodular synovitis...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176673/surgical-hip-dislocation-in-treatment-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#11
Mohammed Elmarghany, Tarek M Abd El-Ghaffar, Mahmoud Seddik, Ahmed Akar, Yousef Gad, Eissa Ragheb, Alessandro Aprato, Alessandro Massè
BACKGROUND: Most surgeons advocate in situ fixation of the slipped epiphysis with acceptance of any persistent deformity in the proximal femur [Aronsson DD, Loder RT, Breur GJ, Weinstein SL (2006) Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: current concepts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 14, 666-679]. This residual deformity can lead to osteoarthritis due to femoroacetabular cam impingement (FAI) [Leunig M, Slongo T, Ganz R (2008) Subcapital realignment in slipped capital femoral epiphysis: surgical hip dislocation and trimming of the stable trochanter to protect the perfusion of the epiphysis...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166784/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-coordinated-care-intervention-to-improve-risk-factor-control-after-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-in-the-safety-net-secondary-stroke-prevention-by-uniting-community-and-chronic-care-model-teams-early-to-end-disparities
#12
Amytis Towfighi, Eric M Cheng, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Heather McCreath, Nerses Sanossian, Tara Dutta, Bijal Mehta, Robert Bryg, Neal Rao, Shlee Song, Ali Razmara, Magaly Ramirez, Theresa Sivers-Teixeira, Jamie Tran, Elizabeth Mojarro-Huang, Ana Montoya, Marilyn Corrales, Beatrice Martinez, Phyllis Willis, Mireya Macias, Nancy Ibrahim, Shinyi Wu, Jeremy Wacksman, Hilary Haber, Adam Richards, Frances Barry, Valerie Hill, Brian Mittman, William Cunningham, Honghu Liu, David A Ganz, Diane Factor, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Recurrent strokes are preventable through awareness and control of risk factors such as hypertension, and through lifestyle changes such as healthier diets, greater physical activity, and smoking cessation. However, vascular risk factor control is frequently poor among stroke survivors, particularly among socio-economically disadvantaged blacks, Latinos and other people of color. The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is an effective framework for multi-component interventions aimed at improving care processes and outcomes for individuals with chronic disease...
February 6, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150036/analysis-of-eighteenth-century-neurosurgical-series
#13
Jeremy C Ganz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method of assessing historical clinical series with a view to obtaining more nuanced information from the relevant texts. METHOD: Seven eighteenth century clinical series were analysed by determining different parameters which could then be tabulated, thus enabling the examination of correlations within and between series. RESULTS: It could be seen that there were different patterns of practice related to different concepts of pathology and different patient characteristics...
February 1, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134761/genetic-variation-in-choline-metabolizing-enzymes-alters-choline-metabolism-in-young-women-consuming-choline-intakes-meeting-current-recommendations
#14
Ariel B Ganz, Vanessa V Cohen, Camille C Swersky, Julie Stover, Gerardo A Vitiello, Jessica Lovesky, Jasmine C Chuang, Kelsey Shields, Vladislav G Fomin, Yusnier S Lopez, Sanjay Mohan, Anita Ganti, Bradley Carrier, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in choline metabolizing genes are associated with disease risk and greater susceptibility to organ dysfunction under conditions of dietary choline restriction. However, the underlying metabolic signatures of these variants are not well characterized and it is unknown whether genotypic differences persist at recommended choline intakes. Thus, we sought to determine if common genetic risk factors alter choline dynamics in pregnant, lactating, and non-pregnant women consuming choline intakes meeting and exceeding current recommendations...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121534/a-strategy-for-identifying-and-disseminating-best-practice-innovations-in-the-care-of-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-or-end-of-life-care-needs
#15
Daphna Gans, David A Ganz, Wendy Senelick, Heather E Mccreath, Jessica Jew, Dan Osterweil, Romilla A Batra, Zaldy Tan, Lee A Jennings, David B Reuben
Patients with multiple chronic conditions and those with end-of-life care needs experience high health care costs and needs for skilled coordination and well-trained staff. Focusing on these populations presents an opportunity to improve the patient experience toward the goal of more patient-centered care and reduced costs. Although innovative programs that provide better care to these patient populations have been developed, these innovations are often localized and not actively disseminated to other settings...
July 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119498/mobile-marketing-an-emerging-strategy-to-promote-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#16
Jennifer Cantrell, Ollie Ganz, Brittany Emelle, Rakiya Moore, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth C Hair, Donna Vallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105000/determining-non-cigarette-tobacco-alcohol-and-substance-use-typologies-across-menthol-and-non-menthol-smokers-using-latent-class-analysis
#17
Amy Cohn, Amanda Johnson, Jennifer Pearson, Shyanika Rose, Sarah Ehlke, Ollie Ganz, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND: Substance use and mental health are robustly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking, which is also associated with lower quit rates. This study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. METHODS: Using screening data from two studies, latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to classify n = 1177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100968/direct-measurement-of-left-atrial-pressure-during-routine-transradial-catheterization
#18
Faisal Fa'ak, Bahaeddin Shabaneh, George Younis
Left atrial pressure indicates the left ventricular filling pressure in patients who have systolic or diastolic left ventricular dysfunction or valvular heart disease. The use of indirect surrogate methods to determine left atrial pressure has been essential in the modern evaluation and treatment of cardiovascular disease because of the difficulty and inherent risks associated with direct methods (typically the transseptal approach). One method that has been widely used to determine left atrial pressure indirectly is Swan-Ganz catheterization, in which a balloon-flotation technique is applied to measure pulmonary capillary wedge pressure; however, this approach has been associated with several limitations and potential risks...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098275/the-initial-stages-of-melting-of-graphene-between-4000-k-and-6000-k
#19
Eric Ganz, Ariel B Ganz, Li-Ming Yang, Matthew Dornfeld
Graphene and its analogues have some of the highest predicted melting points of any materials. Previous work estimated the melting temperature for freestanding graphene to be a remarkable 4510 K. However, this work relied on theoretical methods that do not accurately account for the role of bond breaking or complex bonding configurations in the melting process. Furthermore, experiments to verify these high melting points have been challenging. Practical applications of graphene and carbon nanotubes at high temperatures will require a detailed understanding of the behavior of these materials under these conditions...
February 1, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090298/in-situ-expression-of-bcl-2-in-pulmonary-artery-endothelial-cells-associates-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-relative-to-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#20
Raymond L Benza, Gretchen Williams, Changgong Wu, Kelly J Shields, Amresh Raina, Srinivas Murali, Michael J Passineau
We have previously reported that pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) can be harvested from the tips of discarded Swan-Ganz catheters after right heart catheterization (RHC). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the existence of an antiapoptotic phenotype in PAECs obtained during RHC is a distinctive feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; World Health Organization group 1) and might be used to differentiate PAH from other etiologies of pulmonary hypertension. Specifically, we developed a flow cytometry-based measure of Bcl-2 activity, referred to as the normalized endothelial Bcl-2 index (NEBI)...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
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