keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Schurman

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054532/a-randomized-clinical-trial-indicates-that-levamisole-increases-the-time-to-relapse-in-children-with-steroid-sensitive-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#1
Mariken P Gruppen, Antonia H Bouts, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Maruschka P Merkus, Aleksandra Zurowska, Michal Maternik, Laura Massella, Francesco Emma, Patrick Niaudet, Elisabeth A M Cornelissen, Thierry Schurmans, Ann Raes, Johan van de Walle, Mieke van Dyck, Ashima Gulati, Arvind Bagga, Jean-Claude Davin
Levamisole has been considered the least toxic and least expensive steroid-sparing drug for preventing relapses of steroid-sensitive idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SSINS). However, evidence for this is limited as previous randomized clinical trials were found to have methodological limitations. Therefore, we conducted an international multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial to reassess its usefulness in prevention of relapses in children with SSINS. The efficacy and safety of one year of levamisole treatment in children with SSINS and frequent relapses were evaluated...
October 17, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042416/nicotine-prevents-and-reverses-paclitaxel-induced-mechanical-allodynia-in-a-mouse-model-of-cipn
#2
S Lauren Kyte, Wisam Toma, Deniz Bagdas, Julie A Meade, Lesley D Schurman, Aron H Lichtman, Zhi-Jian Chen, Egidio Del Fabbro, Xianjun Fang, John W Bigbee, M Imad Damaj, David A Gewirtz
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), a consequence of peripheral nerve fiber dysfunction or degeneration, continues to be a dose-limiting and debilitating side effect during and/or after cancer chemotherapy. Paclitaxel, a taxane commonly used to treat breast, lung, and ovarian cancers, causes CIPN in 59-78% of cancer patients. Novel interventions are needed due to the current lack of effective CIPN treatments. Our studies were designed to investigate if nicotine can prevent and/or reverse paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy in a mouse model of CIPN, while ensuring that nicotine will not stimulate lung tumor cell proliferation or interfere with the anti-tumor properties of paclitaxel...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977167/11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-ii-activity-is-affected-by-grapefruit-juice-and-intense-muscular-work
#3
Christopher Kargl, Mohammad Arshad, Fahad Salman, Regina C Schurman, Pedro Del Corral
OBJECTIVE: The enzymatic activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11β-HSD2) is key to protecting mineral corticoid receptors from cortisol and has been implicated in blood pressure regulation. Grapefruit juice (GFJ) and acidity are thought to inhibit this enzyme in vitro. This study examines the effect of GFJ and intense exercise on 11β-HSD2 enzyme activity in vivo. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighteen subjects ingested GFJ or apple juice (CON) on separate days prior to reporting to the laboratory in a randomized order...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951484/correction-for-sierra-potchanant-et-al-inpp5e-preserves-genomic-stability-through-regulation-of-mitosis
#4
Elizabeth A Sierra Potchanant, Donna Cerabona, Zahi Abdul Sater, Ying He, Zejin Sun, Jeff Gehlhausen, Stéphane Schurmans, Stéphanie Gayral, Grzegorz Nalepa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901776/liposomal-delivery-of-diacylglycerol-lipase-beta-inhibitors-to-macrophages-dramatically-enhances-selectivity-and-efficacy-in-vivo
#5
Myungsun Shin, Helena W Snyder, Giulia Donvito, Lesley D Schurman, Todd E Fox, Aron H Lichtman, Mark Kester, Ku-Lung Hsu
Diacylglycerol lipase-beta (DAGLβ) hydrolyzes arachidonic acid (AA)-containing diacylglycerols to produce bioactive lipids including endocannabinoids and AA-derived eicosanoids involved in regulation of inflammatory signaling. Previously, we demonstrated that DAGLβ inactivation using the triazole urea inhibitor KT109 blocked macrophage inflammatory signaling and reversed allodynic responses of mice in inflammatory and neuropathic pain models. Here, we tested whether we could exploit the phagocytic capacity of macrophages to localize delivery of DAGLβ inhibitors to these cells in vivo using liposome encapsulated KT109...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893111/using-tablet-based-technology-to-deliver-time-efficient-ototoxicity-monitoring
#6
Douglas Brungart, Jaclyn Schurman, Dawn Konrad-Martin, Kelly Watts, Jay Buckey, Odile Clavier, Peter G Jacobs, Samuel Gordon, Marilyn F Dille
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to highlight mobile technology that is not yet standard of care but could be considered for use in an ototoxicity monitoring programme (OMP) as an adjunct to traditional audiometric testing. Current guidelines for ototoxicity monitoring include extensive test protocols performed by an audiologist in an audiometric booth. This approach is comprehensive, but it may be taxing for patients suffering from life-threatening illnesses and cost prohibitive if it requires serial clinical appointments...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857069/the-endogenous-cannabinoid-system-a-budding-source-of-targets-for-treating-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain
#7
Giulia Donvito, Sara R Nass, Jenny L Wilkerson, Zachary A Curry, Lesley D Schurman, Steven G Kinsey, Aron H Lichtman
A great need exists for the development of new medications to treat pain resulting from various disease states and types of injury. Given that the endogenous cannabinoid (that is, endocannabinoid) system modulates neuronal and immune cell function, both of which play key roles in pain, therapeutics targeting this system hold promise as novel analgesics. Potential therapeutic targets include the cannabinoid receptors, type 1 and 2, as well as biosynthetic and catabolic enzymes of the endocannabinoids N-arachidonoylethanolamine and 2-arachidonoylglycerol...
August 31, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830894/endothelial-ship2-suppresses-nox2-nadph-oxidase-dependent-vascular-oxidative-stress-endothelial-dysfunction-and-systemic-insulin-resistance
#8
Nicole T Watt, Matthew C Gage, Peysh A Patel, Hema Viswambharan, Piruthivi Sukumar, Stacey Galloway, Nadira Y Yuldasheva, Helen Imrie, Andrew Mn Walker, Kathryn J Griffin, Natalia Makava, Anna Skromna, Katherine Bridge, David J Beech, Stéphane Schurmans, Stephen B Wheatcroft, Mark T Kearney, Richard M Cubbon
Shc homology 2-containing inositol 5´ phosphatase-2 (SHIP2) is as lipid phosphatase which inhibits insulin signaling downstream of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K); its role in vascular function is poorly understood. To examine its role in endothelial cell (EC) biology, we generated mice with catalytic inactivation of one SHIP2 allele selectively in EC (ECSHIP2(Δ/+)). Hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamping studies revealed ECSHIP2(Δ/+) were resistant to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, compared with littermate controls...
August 22, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800390/how-ag-nanospheres-are-transformed-into-agau-nanocages
#9
Liane M Moreau, Charles A Schurman, Sumit Kewalramani, Mohammad M Shahjamali, Chad A Mirkin, Michael J Bedzyk
Bimetallic hollow, porous noble metal nanoparticles are of broad interest for biomedical, optical and catalytic applications. The most straightforward method for preparing such structures involves the reaction between HAuCl4 and well-formed Ag particles, typically spheres, cubes, or triangular prisms, yet the mechanism underlying their formation is poorly understood at the atomic scale. By combining in situ nanoscopic and atomic-scale characterization techniques (XAFS, SAXS, XRF, and electron microscopy) to follow the process, we elucidate a plausible reaction pathway for the conversion of citrate-capped Ag nanospheres to AgAu nanocages; importantly, the hollowing event cannot be explained by the nanoscale Kirkendall effect, nor by Galvanic exchange alone, two processes that have been previously proposed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745125/a-fulminant-case-of-idiopathic-giant-cell-myocarditis
#10
W Schurmans, J Ector, E Verbeken, W Droogne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733462/human-t-cell-immunosenescence-and-inflammation-in-aging
#11
REVIEW
Arsun Bektas, Shepherd H Schurman, Ranjan Sen, Luigi Ferrucci
The aging process is driven by a finite number of inter-related mechanisms that ultimately lead to the emergence of characteristic phenotypes, including increased susceptibility to multiple chronic diseases, disability, and death. New assays and analytical tools have become available that start to unravel some of these mechanisms. A prevailing view is that aging leads to an imbalance between stressors and stress-buffering mechanisms that causes loss of compensatory reserve and accumulation of unrepaired damage...
October 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724512/the-health-buddies-app-as-a-novel-tool-to-improve-adherence-and-knowledge-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-pilot-study
#12
Lien Desteghe, Kiki Kluts, Johan Vijgen, Pieter Koopman, Dagmara Dilling-Boer, Joris Schurmans, Paul Dendale, Hein Heidbuchel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes an important risk for stroke, especially in an ageing population. A new app (Health Buddies) was developed as a tool to improve adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in an elderly AF population by providing a virtual contract with their grandchildren, spelling out daily challenges for both. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and usability of the Health Buddies app in AF patients...
July 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692655/population-based-incidence-seasonality-and-serotype-distribution-of-invasive-salmonellosis-among-children-in-nanoro-rural-burkina-faso
#13
Issa Guiraud, Annelies Post, Seydou Nakanabo Diallo, Palpouguini Lompo, Jessica Maltha, Kamala Thriemer, Christian Marc Tahita, Benedikt Ley, Karim Derra, Emmanuel Bottieau, Adama Kazienga, Céline Schurmans, Raffaella Ravinetto, Eli Rouamba, Johan Van Griensven, Sophie Bertrand, Halidou Tinto, Jan Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by Salmonella Typhi and invasive non-Typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) frequently affect children living in rural sub-Saharan Africa but data about incidence and serotype distribution are rare. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the population-based incidence of Salmonella BSI and severe malaria in a Health and Demographic Surveillance System in a rural area with seasonal malaria transmission in Nanoro, Burkina Faso. METHODS: Children between 2 months-15 years old with severe febrile illness were enrolled during a one-year surveillance period (May 2013-May 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656703/examination-of-competing-diagnostic-models-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-related-to-pain-in-children
#14
J V Schurman, B T Karazsia, C A Friesen
BACKGROUND: There have been no empirical validations of the Rome III or Rome IV criteria in children. The aim of the current study was to examine whether symptoms naturally occur in a pattern consistent with Rome III and/or Rome IV pediatric criteria for functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 250 children, ages 8-17 years, presenting to an abdominal pain clinic with pain of at least 8 weeks duration...
June 28, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527714/investigation-of-left-and-right-lateral-fluid-percussion-injury-in-c57bl6-j-mice-in-vivo-functional-consequences
#15
Lesley D Schurman, Terry L Smith, Anthony J Morales, Nancy N Lee, Thomas M Reeves, Linda L Phillips, Aron H Lichtman
Although rodent models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) reliably produce cognitive and motor disturbances, behavioral characterization resulting from left and right hemisphere injuries remains unexplored. Here we examined the functional consequences of targeting the left versus right parietal cortex in lateral fluid percussion injury, on Morris water maze (MWM) spatial memory tasks (fixed platform and reversal) and neurological motor deficits (neurological severity score and rotarod). In the MWM fixed platform task, right lateral injury produced a small delay in acquisition rate compared to left...
July 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469850/zoledronic-acid-for-neonatal-subcutaneous-fat-necrosis
#16
Jeremy A Di Bari, Jennifer A Nead, Scott J Schurman
Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SFN) in infants producing severe hypercalcemia is a life-threatening emergency. Pathophysiology may include enhanced gastrointestinal calcium absorption and bone resorption. We treated an infant with SFN and serum calcium of 15 mg/dL with prednisolone and low-dose zoledronic acid. Serum calcium promptly normalized without rebound hypocalcemia, and redosing of zoledronic acid was not necessary.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456475/advanced-glycation-end-products-and-strontium-ranelate-promote-osteogenic-differentiation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-preventive-role-of-vitamin-d
#17
María Silvina Molinuevo, Juan Manuel Fernández, Ana María Cortizo, Antonio Desmond McCarthy, León Schurman, Claudia Sedlinsky
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) have been demonstrated to induce the osteogenic trans-differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Strontium ranelate (SR) is an anti-osteoporotic agent that has both anti-catabolic and anabolic actions on bone tissue. However, in the last years SR has been associated with an increase of cardiovascular risk. We hypothesize that SR can increase the osteoblastic trans-differentiation of VSMC and the induction of extracellular calcifications, an effect that could be potentiated in the presence of AGE and inhibited by simultaneous administration of vitamin D...
July 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302370/the-lipid-5-phoshatase-ship2-controls-renal-brush-border-ultrastructure-and-function-by-regulating-the-activation-of-erm-proteins
#18
Sufyan G Sayyed, François Jouret, Marjorie Vermeersch, David Pérez-Morga, Stéphane Schurmans
The microvillus brush border on the renal proximal tubule epithelium allows the controlled reabsorption of solutes that are filtered through the glomerulus and thus participates in general body homeostasis. Here, using the lipid 5-phosphatase Ship2 global knockout mice, proximal tubule-specific Ship2 knockout mice, and a proximal tubule cell model in which SHIP2 is inactivated, we show that SHIP2 is a negative regulator of microvilli formation, thereby controlling solute reabsorption by the proximal tubule...
July 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261100/endocannabinoids-a-promising-impact-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Lesley D Schurman, Aron H Lichtman
The endogenous cannabinoid (endocannabinoid) system regulates a diverse array of physiological processes and unsurprisingly possesses considerable potential targets for the potential treatment of numerous disease states, including two receptors (i.e., CB1 and CB2 receptors) and enzymes regulating their endogenous ligands N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and 2-arachidonyl glycerol (2-AG). Increases in brain levels of endocannabinoids to pathogenic events suggest this system plays a role in compensatory repair mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259010/effects-of-fructose-induced-metabolic-syndrome-on-rat-skeletal-cells-and-tissue-and-their-responses-to-metformin-treatment
#20
Juan Ignacio Felice, León Schurman, Antonio Desmond McCarthy, Claudia Sedlinsky, José Ignacio Aguirre, Ana María Cortizo
AIMS: Deleterious effects of metabolic syndrome (MS) on bone are still controversial. In this study we evaluated the effects of a fructose-induced MS, and/or an oral treatment with metformin on the osteogenic potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), as well as on bone formation and architecture. METHODS: 32 male 8week-old Wistar rats were assigned to four groups: control (C), control plus oral metformin (CM), rats receiving 10% fructose in drinking water (FRD), and FRD plus metformin (FRDM)...
April 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
69979
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"