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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315035/does-a-daily-consultant-ward-round-affect-the-outcomes-of-orthopaedic-patients
#1
Kwaku W Baryeh, David Elliott, Ziad Harb, Radcliffe Lisk
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, more than 60 000 patients present with a fractured neck of femur each year. These patients represent a huge financial cost. This study looks at the 30-day readmissions and total length of hospital stay of patients presenting with a fractured neck of femur, as well as length of stay in non-hip fracture trauma patients, following the change to a daily consultant-led ward round. METHODS: A total of 200 records of patients with fractured neck of femur were reviewed with data collected retrospectively and prospectively following the introduction of the daily consultant-led ward round...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306883/clinical-decisions-presented-to-patients-in-hospital-encounters-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-novel-taxonomy
#2
Eirik Hugaas Ofstad, Jan C Frich, Edvin Schei, Richard M Frankel, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Pål Gulbrandsen
OBJECTIVE: To identify and classify all clinical decisions that emerged in a sample of patient-physician encounters and compare different categories of decisions across clinical settings and personal characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive evaluation of hospital encounters videotaped in 2007-2008 using a novel taxonomy to identify and classify clinically relevant decisions (both actions and judgements). PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 372 patients and 58 physicians from 17 clinical specialties in ward round (WR), emergency room (ER) and outpatient (OP) encounters in a Norwegian university hospital...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276276/international-mentoring-programs-leadership-opportunities-to-enhance-worldwide-pharmacy-practice
#3
Chukwuemeka Ubaka, Erich Brechtelsbauer, Debra A Goff
Health-system and community pharmacy practice in the United States is experiencing transformational change; however, this transformation is lagging in the international arena. As a result, efforts are being made to provide support and education to the international pharmacy leaders and practitioners. This article describes one effort, the Mandela Washington Fellows Program, and suggests areas where pharmacy leaders can be involved to help advance the practice of pharmacy on an international level. The Mandela Washington Fellows Program for young Africa leaders consists of a US-Africa pharmacy-mentoring program identified ranging from educational opportunities to collaboration for implementation of patient care programs...
July 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275135/effect-of-a-multifaceted-social-franchising-model-on-quality-and-coverage-of-maternal-newborn-and-reproductive-health-care-services-in-uttar-pradesh-india-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Sarah Tougher, Varun Dutt, Shreya Pereira, Kaveri Haldar, Vasudha Shukla, Kultar Singh, Paresh Kumar, Catherine Goodman, Timothy Powell-Jackson
BACKGROUND: How to harness the private sector to improve population health in low-income and middle-income countries is heavily debated and one prominent strategy is social franchising. We aimed to evaluate whether the Matrika social franchising model-a multifaceted intervention that established a network of private providers and strengthened the skills of both public and private sector clinicians-could improve the quality and coverage of health services along the continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and reproductive health...
December 20, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240456/trainees-perceptions-of-feedback-validity-evidence-for-two-feedme-feedback-in-medical-education-instruments
#5
Robert Bing-You, Saradha Ramesh, Victoria Hayes, Kalli Varaklis, Denham Ward, Maria Blanco
Construct: Medical educators consider feedback a core component of the educational process. Effective feedback allows learners to acquire new skills, knowledge, and attitudes. Learners' perceptions of feedback are an important aspect to assess with valid methods in order to improve the feedback skills of educators and the feedback culture. BACKGROUND: Although guidelines for delivering effective feedback have existed for several decades, medical students and residents often indicate that they receive little feedback...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237579/usage-pattern-differences-and-similarities-of-mobile-electronic-medical-records-among-health-care-providers
#6
Yura Lee, Yu Rang Park, Junetae Kim, Jeong Hoon Kim, Woo Sung Kim, Jae-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Recently, many hospitals have introduced mobile electronic medical records (mEMRs). Although numerous studies have been published on the usability or usage patterns of mEMRs through user surveys, investigations based on the real data usage are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Asan Medical Center, a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea, implemented an mEMR program in 2010. On the basis of the mEMR usage log data collected over a period of 4.5 years, we aimed to identify a usage pattern and trends in accordance with user occupation and to disseminate the factors that make the mEMR more effective and efficient...
December 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233320/the-description-and-evaluation-of-virtual-worlds-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-northern-sweden
#7
Maria Gustafsson, Claire Englund, Gisselle Gallego
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe and evaluate the use of a three-dimensional virtual world (3DVW) in a clinical pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students are provided with training opportunities in simulated ward rounds and patient meetings in a 3DVW. The 3DVW enables students to practice communication with patients and colleagues in a professional manner. To evaluate the course and use of the 3DVW, an online course evaluation was completed by students after they had finished the clinical pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224257/models-of-care-for-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-acute-copd-comparison-of-three-tertiary-hospitals-act3-study
#8
Kerry Parker, Vara Perikala, Ali Aminazad, Zheng Deng, Brigitte Borg, Catherine Buchan, Jo Toghill, Louis B Irving, Jeremy Goldin, David Charlesworth, Ajay Mahal, Suhith Illesinghe, Matthew T Naughton, Alan Young
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) improves clinical outcomes in hypercapnic acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD), but the optimal model of care remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational non-inferiority study comparing three models of NIV care: general ward (Ward) (1:4 nurse to patient ratio, thrice weekly consultant ward round), a high dependency unit (HDU) (1:2 ratio, twice daily ward round) and an intensive care unit (ICU) (1:1 ratio, twice daily ward round) model in three similar teaching tertiary hospitals...
December 10, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178213/interprofessional-collaboration-between-junior-doctors-and-nurses-in-the-general-ward-setting-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#9
Charmaine J Tang, Wen T Zhou, Sally W-C Chan, Sok Y Liaw
AIM: To explore the collaboration experiences of junior physicians and nurses in the general ward setting. BACKGROUND: Junior physicians and nurses do not always work collaboratively and this could affect the quality of patient care. The understanding of the issues affecting junior physicians and nurses working together is needed to inform strategies to improve interprofessional collaboration. METHODS: Nineteen junior physicians and nurses were interviewed in 2012 and 2013...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177228/a-systems-analysis-of-ward-rounds-in-plastic-surgery-at-a-single-center
#10
Riaz Agha
Ward rounds permeate health care delivery worldwide and form an important daily activity within all hospitals. In this study, the daily morning ward round in plastic surgery was examined from a teleological and systems point of view. Methods: Data were gathered from the following sources to inform the systems analysis: patient interviews, staff interviews, direct observations of the ward round on multiple occasions, and through process mapping. Results: To better understand the ward and its layout, a schematic of it was developed...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170318/21%C3%A2-daily-dynamic-discharge-a-whole-system-solution-to-ed-crowding
#11
Jacques Kerr, Helen Maitland, Claire Bell, Julie White, Alan Hunter
INTRODUCTION: ED crowding is associated with increased mortality, poor staff and patient experience, an increased inpatient length of stay and poor compliance with the four-hour emergency access standard.1 Where crowding is caused by exit block, the focus needs to be on whole system patient management, reducing the temporal mismatch between admissions and discharges since at times of peak demand hospitals may become gridlocked until patients are discharged.In an attempt to tackle exit block, the Scottish Government Unscheduled Care Team have implemented the Daily Dynamic Discharge (DDD) approach, which aims to increase the number of inpatient discharges by 12 pm, thus enabling more timeous flow through the ED...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169702/relationship-between-multidisciplinary-critical-care-and-burn-patients-survival-a-propensity-matched-national-cohort-analysis
#12
Thet Su Win, Metin Nizamoglu, Ritesh Maharaj, Sarah Smailes, Naguib El-Muttardi, Peter Dziewulski
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are: firstly, to investigate if admission to specialized burn critical care units leads to better clinical outcomes; secondly, to elucidate if the multidisciplinary critical care contributes to this superior outcome. METHODS: A multi-centre cohort analysis of a prospectively collected national database of 1759 adult burn patients admitted to 13 critical care units in England and Wales between 2005 and 2011. Units were contacted via telephone to establish frequency and constitution of daily ward rounds...
November 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136986/reply-to-improving-surgical-ward-round-quality-lessons-from-studying-communication
#13
LETTER
Philip H Pucher, Rajesh Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136985/improving-surgical-ward-round-quality-lessons-from-studying-communication
#14
Apurv Sehgal, Joel Ward, Dilraj Kalsi, Shaneel Patel, Ashok Handa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117748/ward-round-simulation-in-final-year-medical-students-does-it-promote-students-learning
#15
Claudia Behrens, Diana H J M Dolmans, Jimmie Leppink, Gerard J Gormley, Erik W Driessen
INTRODUCTION: Ward round skills are essential for doctors in hospital settings. Literature shows medical students' deficiencies in these skills. Simulation has been used to train these skills. However, exposing learners to simulation at an early stage may be associated with a high cognitive load and limited learning. This study aims to determine how students experience this load and its interplay with performance and which factors promote and impair learning. METHODS: Fifty-six final year medical students participated in a simulated ward round training exercise...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110186/patient-safety-ward-round-checklist-via-an-electronic-app-implications-for-harm-prevention
#16
C Keller, S Arsenault, M Lamothe, S R Bostan, R O'Donnell, J Harbison, C P Doherty
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety is a value at the core of modern healthcare. Though awareness in the medical community is growing, implementing systematic approaches similar to those used in other high reliability industries is proving difficult. The aim of this research was twofold, to establish a baseline for patient safety practices on routine ward rounds and to test the feasibility of implementing an electronic patient safety checklist application. METHODS: Two research teams were formed; one auditing a medical team to establish a procedural baseline of "usual care" practice and an intervention team concurrently was enforcing the implementation of the checklist...
November 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068278/an-investigation-of-antifungal-stewardship-programmes-in-england
#17
Christianne Micallef, Diane Ashiru-Oredope, Sejal Hansraj, David W Denning, Samir G Agrawal, Rohini J Manuel, Silke Schelenz, Rebecca Guy, Berit Muller-Pebody, Rakhee Patel, Philip Howard, Susan Hopkins, Elizabeth Johnson, David A Enoch
PURPOSE: We sought to explore the current status of antifungal stewardship (AFS) initiatives across National Health Service (NHS) Trusts within England, the challenges and barriers, as well as ways to improve current AFS programmes. METHODOLOGY: An electronic survey was sent to all 155 acute NHS Trusts in England. A total of 47 Trusts, corresponding to 30 % of English acute Trusts, responded to the the survey; 46 Trusts (98 %) had an antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programme but only 5 (11 %) had a dedicated AFS programme...
November 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067985/point-prevalence-risk-factor-assessment-for-hospital-acquired-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pune-india
#18
Velu Nair, A K Sahni, Dinesh Sharma, Naveen Grover, S Shankar, A Chakravarty, Seema Patrikar, Kailas Methe, S S Jaiswal, S S Dalal, Anupam Kapur, Rajesh Verma, Jyoti Prakash, Ashutosh Gupta, Anvita Bhansali, Deepak Batura, G Gopal Rao, D P Joshi, B K Chopra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a major challenge to patient safety and have serious public health implications by changing the quality of life of patients and sometimes causing disability or even death. The true burden of HAI remains unknown, particularly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to estimate point prevalence of HAI and study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital in Pune, India. METHODS: A series of four cross-sectional point prevalence surveys were carried out between March and August 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067515/-the-longest-way-round-is-the-shortest-way-home-an-overhaul-of-surgical-ward-rounds
#19
REVIEW
Kunal Shetty, Stephanie Xiu Wern Poo, Kumuthan Sriskandarajah, Michail Sideris, George Malietzis, Ara Darzi, Thanos Athanasiou
BACKGROUND: Ward rounds, a keystone of hospital surgical practice, have recently been under the spotlight. Poor-quality ward rounds can lead to a greater number of adverse events, thereby cascading to an increased financial strain on our already burdened healthcare systems. Faced with mounting pressures from both outside and inside health organizations, concerted efforts are required to restore it back into prominence where it can no longer take a backseat to the other duties of a surgeon...
October 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064517/framtidens-rond-%C3%A2-ett-personcentrerat-och-teambaserat-m%C3%A3-te-med-patienten-den-traditionella-ronden-g%C3%A3-r-inte-att-f%C3%A3-rsvara-etiskt-eller-juridiskt
#20
Anders Ågård, Ingemar Engström, Ulrika Sandén, Valdemar Erling
The aim of this article is to elucidate the traditional ward round from an historical, ethical and legal perspective. On the traditional ward round in hospitals, a senior clinician leads a group of other clinicians and health professionals on a walking tour through the ward to visit the patients for whom they are responsible at bedside. It is a long-lived tradition or routine, which has been substantially resistant to change. We recommend that work designed to improve the ward round should begin from values or ethical principles, such as respecting the patient's integrity and right to participate in decision-making...
October 17, 2017: Läkartidningen
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