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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149505/an-international-continence-society-ics-report-on-the-terminology-for-adult-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-anlutd
#1
Jerzy B Gajewski, Brigitte Schurch, Rizwan Hamid, Márcio Averbeck, Ryuji Sakakibara, Enrico F Agrò, Tamara Dickinson, Christopher K Payne, Marcus J Drake, Bernie T Haylen
INTRODUCTION: The terminology for adult neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (ANLUTD) should be defined and organized in a clinically based consensus Report. METHODS: This Report has been created by a Working Group under the auspices and guidelines of the International Continence Society (ICS) Standardization Steering Committee (SSC) assisted at intervals by external referees. All relevant definitions for ANLUTD were updated on the basis of research over the last 14 years...
November 17, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149181/hospital-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-public-and-private-sectors-under-the-universal-government-health-insurance-scheme-in-chhattisgarh-state-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#2
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Priyanka Dixit
Research on impact of publicly financed health insurance has paid relatively little attention to the nature of healthcare provision the schemes engage. India's National Health Insurance Scheme or RSBY was made universal by Chhattisgarh State in 2012. In the State, public and private sectors provide hospital services in a context of extensive gender, social, economic and geographical inequities. This study examined enrolment, utilization (public and private) and out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for the insured and uninsured, in Chhattisgarh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148916/time-and-spatial-variability-in-the-concentrations-of-selected-metals-in-water-and-bottom-sediments-of-p%C3%A5-awniowice-and-dzier%C3%A5-no-ma%C3%A5-e-reservoirs-poland
#3
Rajmund Michalski, Maciej Kostecki, Joanna Kernert, Katarzyna Nocoń, Katarzyna Stahl, Zuzanna Bernaś, Michał Chrobok, Magdalena Jabłońska-Czapla
The migration of metals and metalloids between bottom sediments and water and the other way round is a complex process. Understanding those mechanisms is essential for recognizing transformations taking place in water reservoir ecosystems. The objective behind the following study was to define time and spatial correlations in the changes in total concentrations of selected elements (Cr, Zn, Co, Mn, Cu, Ni, Pb, As, Ba, Sb, Sr and V) in waters and bottom sediments from two water reservoirs located in Upper Silesia (Poland), i...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148890/changes-in-the-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-nulliparous-women-results-from-the-2006-2010-2011-2013-and-2013-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#4
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
OBJECTIVE: Nulliparous women in the United States have high rates of unintended pregnancy comparable with parous women. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are recommended as first-line contraceptive choices to reduce unintended pregnancy. However, use of LARCs among nulliparous women has been low. This study aims to examine changes in the prevalence of current LARC use among sexually experienced U.S. nulliparous women across the time period of 2006-2010, 2011-2013, and 2013-2015, and examine correlates of use...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148288/cochlear-volume-as-a-predictive-factor-for-residual-hearing-preservation-after-conventional-cochlear-implantation
#5
Masahiro Takahashi, Yasuhiro Arai, Naoko Sakuma, Kenichiro Yabuki, Daisuke Sano, Goshi Nishimura, Nobuhiko Oridate, Shin-Ichi Usami
OBJECTIVE: The preservation of residual hearing after conventional cochlear implantation (CI) is frequently observed when atraumatic soft surgery is adopted. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the predictive factors for residual hearing preservation after atraumatic CI. PATIENTS: This study included 46 patients who underwent CI based on an atraumatic technique using a standard-length flexible electrode implant through a round window approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Cochlear volume was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 17, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148079/insm1-a-novel-nuclear-marker-in-merkel-cell-carcinoma-cutaneous-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#6
Patrick S Rush, Jason N Rosenbaum, Madhuchhanda Roy, Rebecca M Baus, Daniel D Bennett, Ricardo V Lloyd
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, clinically aggressive, cutaneous neuroendocrine (NE) neoplasm. As a tumor with small, round, blue cells, the histologic differential diagnosis for MCC can include melanoma, metastatic small cell carcinoma (SCC), nodular hematopoietic tumors, basal cell carcinoma (BCC), atypical variants of squamous carcinoma, and the uncommon occurrence of primary cutaneous Ewing sarcoma. In cases with atypical histology or without the classic immunophenotype the diagnosis can be challenging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147790/-etomidate-for-intravenous-induction-of-anaesthesia
#7
C Dumps, D Bolkenius, E Halbeck
The pharmacological and historical knowledge about the currently available intravenous induction hypnotics form the basis for the daily work of anesthetists. Side effects of using hypnotic induction agents must be anticipated and adequately treated. Decades of experience with using intravenous induction hypnotics have led to theoretical requirements for an ideal narcotic agent with a best possible side effect profile. In the absence of this optimal hypnotic induction agent, a careful selection of one or a combination of narcotic drugs is necessary to meet the needs of the respective risk constellation of the patient...
November 16, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147091/evaluation-of-the-digestibility-of-korean-hanwoo-beef-cuts-using-the-in-vitro-physicochemical-upper-gastrointestinal-system
#8
Ji-Hye Jeon, Michelle Yoo, Tae-Hwan Jung, Woo-Min Jeon, Kyoung-Sik Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the digestibility of different Korean Hanwoo beef cuts using an in vitro digestion model, in vitro physicochemical upper gastrointestinal system (IPUGS). The four most commonly consumed cuts - tenderloin, sirloin, brisket and flank, and bottom round - were chosen for this study. Beef samples (75 g) were cooked and ingested into IPUGS, which was composed of mouth, esophagus, and stomach, thereby simulating the digestion conditions of humans. Digested samples were collected every 15 min for 4 h of simulation and their pH monitored...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147051/public-health-round-up
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147038/public-health-round-up
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146571/using-schwartz-center-rounds-to-promote-compassionate-care-in-a-children-s-hospital
#11
Jan Hughes, Alistair J Duff, John W L Puntis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145613/commentary-on-do-not-fear-an-implant-s-shape-a-single-surgeon-s-experience-of-over-1200-round-and-shaped-textured-implants-in-primary-breast-augmentation
#12
Jamil Ahmad, Frank Lista
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145557/comparative-analysis-of-the-growth-pattern-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-patients-screened-by-ultrasonography-in-japan-after-a-nuclear-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#13
Sanae Midorikawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Michio Murakami, Hideto Takahashi, Satoru Suzuki, Takashi Matsuzuka, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Shunichi Yamashita, Hitoshi Ohto, Koichi Tanigawa, Kenji Kamiya
Importance: Thyroid cancer generally grows at a very slow rate in adults, and overdiagnosis is a global issue. However, the detection of early-stage thyroid cancer by screening is not well described in young patients. To prevent overdiagnosis, it is essential to understand the natural course of thyroid cancer growth detection by ultrasonography screening in young patients. Objective: To evaluate the natural progression of thyroid cancer in young patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: An observational study evaluated changes in the diameter of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid tumors on 2 occasions...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145546/congenital-fistulae-of-the-stapedial-footplate-and-round-window-membrane-an-unusual-cause-of-recurrent-meningitis
#14
Douglas S Ruhl, Heather A Koehn, Kelly B Mahaney, Bradley W Kesser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145476/an-immunohistochemical-identification-key-for-cell-types-in-adult-mouse-prostatic-and-urethral-tissue-sections
#15
Kyle A Wegner, Mark T Cadena, Ryan Trevena, Anne E Turco, Adam Gottschalk, Richard B Halberg, Jinjin Guo, Jill A McMahon, Andrew P McMahon, Chad M Vezina
Though many methods can be used to identify cell types contained in complex tissues, most require cell disaggregation and destroy information about where cells reside in relation to their microenvironment. Here, we describe a polytomous key for cell type identification in intact sections of adult mouse prostate and prostatic urethra. The key is organized as a decision tree and initiates with one round of immunostaining for nerve, epithelial, fibromuscular/hematolymphoid, or vascular associated cells. Cell identities are recursively eliminated by subsequent staining events until the remaining pool of potential cell types can be distinguished by direct comparison to other cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145412/mapping-and-verification-of-grain-shape-qtls-based-on-an-advanced-backcross-population-in-rice
#16
Duo Xia, Hao Zhou, Lei Qiu, Haichao Jiang, Qinglu Zhang, Guanjun Gao, Yuqing He
Grain shape is a key factor that influences both the appearance quality and grain yield of rice. To clarify the genetic basis of grain shape, an advanced backcross population was developed from the cross of a slender indica variety Jin23B and a round japonica variety QingGuAi, and a total of 10 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for grain shape were detected over 2 years. Three QTLs, qGW1, qGS3 and qGS7 have large effects on grain shape and were detected in both years. To further validate their effects, the BC4F2 populations of the three QTLs were constructed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145411/one-shot-exogenous-interventions-increase-subsequent-coordination-in-denmark-spain-and-ghana
#17
Anna Lou Abatayo, Bo Jellesmark Thorsen
Everyday, we are bombarded with periodic, exogenous appeals and instructions on how to behave. How do these appeals and instructions affect subsequent coordination? Using experimental methods, we investigate how a one-time exogenous instruction affects subsequent coordination among individuals in a lab. Participants play a minimum effort game repeated 5 times under fixed matching with a one-time behavioral instruction in either the first or second round. Since coordination behavior may vary across countries, we run experiments in Denmark, Spain and Ghana, and map cross-country rankings in coordination with known national measures of fractualization, uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145404/core-outcome-set-standards-for-development-the-cos-stad-recommendations
#18
Jamie J Kirkham, Katherine Davis, Douglas G Altman, Jane M Blazeby, Mike Clarke, Sean Tunis, Paula R Williamson
BACKGROUND: The use of core outcome sets (COS) ensures that researchers measure and report those outcomes that are most likely to be relevant to users of their research. Several hundred COS projects have been systematically identified to date, but there has been no formal quality assessment of these studies. The Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Development (COS-STAD) project aimed to identify minimum standards for the design of a COS study agreed upon by an international group, while other specific guidance exists for the final reporting of COS development studies (Core Outcome Set-STAndards for Reporting [COS-STAR])...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#19
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145353/cdc-grand-rounds-improving-medication-adherence-for-chronic-disease-management-innovations-and-opportunities
#20
Andrea B Neiman, Todd Ruppar, Michael Ho, Larry Garber, Paul J Weidle, Yuling Hong, Mary G George, Phoebe G Thorpe
Adherence to prescribed medications is associated with improved clinical outcomes for chronic disease management and reduced mortality from chronic conditions (1). Conversely, nonadherence is associated with higher rates of hospital admissions, suboptimal health outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and increased health care costs (2). In the United States, 3.8 billion prescriptions are written annually (3). Approximately one in five new prescriptions are never filled, and among those filled, approximately 50% are taken incorrectly, particularly with regard to timing, dosage, frequency, and duration (4)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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