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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651194/reference-intervals-for-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-acute-phase-proteins-and-markers-of-oxidation-in-holstein-dairy-cows-around-3-and-30days-after-calving
#1
Pierangelo Moretti, Saverio Paltrinieri, Erminio Trevisi, Monica Probo, Annarita Ferrari, Andrea Minuti, Alessia Giordano
The establishment of specific reference intervals (RIs) is advisable when different metabolic conditions in the patient population are present or when existing RIs are not suitable. Holstein dairy cows, at the start of lactation, experience a negative energy balance and an altered immune function that can lead to different levels of blood parameters compared with cows at peak lactation. The aim of this study was the determination of RIs for Holstein cows at 3±1 and 30±3days in milk. To this aim, 145 cows, from 4 herds, were sampled...
June 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651094/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-brachyspira-hyodysenteriae-to-a-commercial-citrus-fruit-extract
#2
Pedro J G de Nova, Ana Carvajal, Miguel Prieto, Pedro Rubio
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae is the main etiological agent of swine dysentery (SD). Nowadays, treatment and control of SD is increasingly difficult due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance together with the restrictions on the use of antibiotics in veterinary practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate, as an alternative in the control of this disease, the antimicrobial activity and the main mechanism of action of BIOCITRO, a citrus extract commercialized as raw material and used as feed additive, against B...
June 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649570/evaluating-checklist-use-in-companion-animal-wellness-visits-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital-a-preliminary-study
#3
Michael T Nappier, Virginia K Corrigan, Lara E Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen Werre, Eric Tempel
The number of companion animal wellness visits in private practice has been decreasing, and one important factor cited is the lack of effective communication between veterinarians and pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. Checklists have been widely used in many fields and are especially useful in areas where a complex task must be completed with multiple small steps, or when cognitive fatigue is evident. The use of checklists in veterinary medical education has not yet been thoroughly evaluated as a potential strategy to improve communication with pet owners regarding preventive care...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649332/behavioral-evidence-of-hunting-and-foraging-techniques-by-a-top-predator-suggests-the-importance-of-scavenging-for-preadults
#4
Antoni Margalida, MªÀngels Colomer, Roberto Sánchez, Francisco Javier Sánchez, Javier Oria, Luis Mariano González
Scavenging may be a regular feeding behavior for some facultative raptor species occupying low quality habitats and/or with little experience in hunting techniques. However, its importance has been largely underestimated due to methodological limitations in identifying the real proportion in the diet. Here, through direct observations, we assessed the hunting and foraging success of the threatened Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti determining the influence of age, sex, breeding status, habitat quality, prey type, and landscape characteristics...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648798/zoonotic-parasites-of-sheltered-and-stray-dogs-in-the-era-of-the-global-economic-and-political-crisis
#5
REVIEW
Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Andrei D Mihalca, Rebecca J Traub, Michael Lappin, Gad Baneth
Sheltered and stray dogs, exposed to zoonotic parasites, including protozoa, helminths, and arthropods, may represent a major threat to public health. Resources for addressing health problems in these animals are not on the priority list of veterinary and public health authorities. Thus, dogs continue to represent an important reservoir for zoonotic parasites. In this article, we review the importance of sheltered and stray dogs as reservoirs of zoonotic parasites in different parts of the world, especially in the context of the current global political and economic crisis...
June 22, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647427/first-molecular-detection-of-leishmania-infantum-in-sergentomyia-minuta-diptera-psychodidae-in-alentejo-southern-portugal
#6
S Pereira, D Pita-Pereira, T Araujo-Pereira, C Britto, T Costa-Rego, J Ferrolho, M Vilhena, E F Rangel, M L Vilela, M O Afonso
Protozoan parasites, such as Leishmania spp., are the causative agents of many insect-borne infectious diseases with medical and veterinary importance. Leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania spp., is transmitted by female phlebotomine sand flies. In the Alentejo region of Portugal, located at the north of Algarve, cases of human and canine leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum have been notified. However, no recent studies regarding the sand fly fauna in the region are available. We therefore aimed to explore the phlebotomine sand fly species found in both, Évora and Beja Districts, to gain an insight about the leishmaniasis epidemiology in these areas...
June 21, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646808/traditional-uyghur-medicine-concepts-historical-perspective-and-modernization
#7
Adelijang Wusiman, Saifuding Abula, Mikeremu Shayibuzhati, Xiaoying Zhang
Context • Traditional Uyghur medicine (TUM) is rooted in ancient Uyghur medical theory that was developed with the combined essence of different traditional medicines, such as Han Chinese, Egyptian, ancient Greek, Arabian, Persian, and Indian medicines. Modern experimental methods and technologies for disease diagnoses have accelerated the modernization of Uyghur medicine. Objective • The research team intended to compile a comprehensive introduction to TUM and to determine the current state of research in the field to establish a basis for future modernization of Uygur medicine...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646059/selected-highlights-from-other-veterinary-journals
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646044/growing-the-veterinary-voice
#9
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644875/estimation-of-the-optimal-dosing-regimen-of-escitalopram-in-dogs-a-dose-occupancy-study-with-11c-dasb
#10
Olivia Taylor, Nick Van Laeken, Ingeborgh Polis, Robrecht Dockx, Lise Vlerick, Andre Dobbeleir, Ingeborg Goethals, Jimmy Saunders, Nele Sadones, Chris Baeken, Filip De Vos, Kathelijne Peremans
Although the favourable characteristics of escitalopram as being the most selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and having an increased therapeutic efficacy via binding on an additional allosteric binding site of the serotonin transporter, its dosing regimen has not yet been optimized for its use in dogs. This study aimed to estimate the optimal dosing frequency and the required dose for achieving 80% occupancy of the serotonin transporters in the basal ganglia. The dosing frequency was investigated by determining the elimination half-life after a four day oral pre-treatment period with 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644088/telemedicine-the-future-of-veterinary-practice
#11
Laurie Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643431/a-study-of-the-origin-of-chloramphenicol-isomers-in-honey
#12
Dmytro Yanovych, Bjorn Berendsen, Zvenyslava Zasadna, Mariana Rydchuk, Tobias Czymai
Due to the unexpected detection of chloramphenicol isomer residues in honey, we have studied the hypothesis of unauthorized or unintended use of unregistered veterinary drug preparations. First we have investigated honey samples in which a discrepancy was observed between the results of the immunological screening methods and the confirmatory LC-MS/MS method. In all samples, previously identified to be contaminated with the banned antibiotic chloramphenicol according to LC-MS/MS only, the presence of dextramycin (SS-para isomer of chloramphenicol) was detected by chiral LC-MS/MS...
June 22, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643176/a-promising-tool-in-retina-regeneration-current-perspectives-and-challenges-when-using-mesenchymal-progenitor-stem-cells-in-veterinary-and-human-ophthalmological-applications
#13
REVIEW
Anna Cislo-Pakuluk, Krzysztof Marycz
Visual impairment is a common ailment of the current world population, with more exposure to CCD screens and fluorescent lighting, approximately 285 billion people suffer from this deficiency and 13% of those are considered clinically blind. More common causes for visual impairment include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy (Zhu et al. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2015; Kolb et al. 2007; Machalińska et al. Current Eye Research, 34(9),748-760, 2009) among a few. As cases of retinal and optic nerve diseases rise, it is vital to find a treatment, which has led to investigation of the therapeutic potential of various stem cells types (Bull et al...
June 22, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642842/the-tick-microbiome-why-non-pathogenic-microorganisms-matter-in-tick-biology-and-pathogen-transmission
#14
REVIEW
Sarah I Bonnet, Florian Binetruy, Angelica M Hernández-Jarguín, Olivier Duron
Ticks are among the most important vectors of pathogens affecting humans and other animals worldwide. They do not only carry pathogens however, as a diverse group of commensal and symbiotic microorganisms are also present in ticks. Unlike pathogens, their biology and their effect on ticks remain largely unexplored, and are in fact often neglected. Nonetheless, they can confer multiple detrimental, neutral, or beneficial effects to their tick hosts, and can play various roles in fitness, nutritional adaptation, development, reproduction, defense against environmental stress, and immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641596/types-and-prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-poultry
#15
Eva-Maria Saliu, Wilfried Vahjen, Jürgen Zentek
For several billion years, bacteria have developed mechanisms to resist antibacterial substances. In modern time, antibiotics are frequently used in veterinary and human medicine for prevention and treatment of diseases, globally still also for their growth promoting effects as feed additives. This complex situation has evolved in accelerating development and prevalence of multi-drug resistant bacteria in livestock and people. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are resistant to a wide range of ß-lactam antibiotics...
June 23, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641507/the-acvp-stp-coalition-for-veterinary-pathology-fellows-celebrates-32-new-training-positions
#16
Gary Cockerell, Cory Brayton, Anne Barger, Brad Bolon
Since its creation in 2004, the Coalition for Veterinary Pathology Fellows, a partnership between the American College of Veterinary Pathologists and the Society of Toxicologic Pathology, has established 32 new training positions backed by US$7.4 million in financial support from private sponsors.
June 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641485/microarray-based-gene-expression-analysis-for-veterinary-pathologists-a-review
#17
Barbara B Raddatz, Ingo Spitzbarth, Katja A Matheis, Arno Kalkuhl, Ulrich Deschl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Reiner Ulrich
High-throughput, genome-wide transcriptome analysis is now commonly used in all fields of life science research and is on the cusp of medical and veterinary diagnostic application. Transcriptomic methods such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing generate enormous amounts of data. The pathogenetic expertise acquired from understanding of general pathology provides veterinary pathologists with a profound background, which is essential in translating transcriptomic data into meaningful biological knowledge, thereby leading to a better understanding of underlying disease mechanisms...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640744/ictv-virus-taxonomy-profile-polyomaviridae
#18
Ugo Moens, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Chris Lauber, Torbjörn Ramqvist, Mariet C W Feltkamp, Matthew D Daugherty, Ernst J Verschoor, Bernhard Ehlers, Ictv Report Consortium
The Polyomaviridae is a family of small, non-enveloped viruses with circular dsDNA genomes of approximately 5 kbp. The family includes four genera whose members have restricted host range, infecting mammals and birds. Polyomavirus genomes have also been detected recently in fish. Merkel cell polyomavirus and raccoon polyomavirus are associated with cancer in their host; other members are human and veterinary pathogens. Clinical manifestations are obvious in immunocompromised patients but not in healthy individuals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640456/first-environmental-sample-containing-plasmid-mediated-colistin-resistant-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-detected-in-norway
#19
Silje Bakken Jørgensen, Arne Søraas, Lotte Stenfors Arnesen, Truls Leegaard, Arnfinn Sundsfjord, Pål A Jenum
We hereby report a detection of the plasmid borne mcr-1 gene conferring colistin resistance in an extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli ST10 strain retrieved from seawater at a public beach in Norway. The sample was collected in September 2010 and was investigated by whole-genome sequencing in 2016. This report illustrates that E. coli strains carrying plasmid-mediated colistin resistance genes have also reached areas where this drug is hardly used at all. Surveillance of colistin resistance in environmental, veterinary, and human strains is warranted also in countries where colistin resistance is rare in clinical settings...
June 22, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639730/evaluation-of-thoracic-radiographs-as-a-screening-test-for-dogs-and-cats-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-veterinary-hospital-for-noncardiopulmonary-disease
#20
Christine L Keyserling, Yekaterina Buriko, Bridget M Lyons, Kenneth J Drobatz, Anthony J Fischetti
Thoracic radiographs are used as a screening tool for dogs and cats with a variety of disorders that have no clinical signs associated with thoracic structures. However, this practice has never been supported by an evidence-based study. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to determine if certain canine and feline populations have a higher proportion of radiographic abnormalities, and whether any of these abnormalities are associated with patient hospitalization and outcome. Patients were excluded if current or previous examinations revealed evidence of primary respiratory or cardiac disease, malignant neoplasia, or an abnormal breathing pattern consistent with pulmonary pathology...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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