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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786524/veterinary-herd-health-management-experience-among-farmers-and-farm-managers-in-swedish-dairy-production
#1
C Svensson, K Alvåsen, A C Eldh, J Frössling, H Lomander
A preventive herd health approach will most likely reduce incidences of clinical and subclinical disease. Swedish veterinary organizations offer specific veterinary herd health management (HHM) programs, but these services are not used to a large extent. The aim of this study was to investigate dairy farmers' experience of HHM and the conditions for collaboration with veterinarians in HHM. Six focus group discussions were conducted in March 2015 in West Sweden. In total, 33 dairy farmers participated. The recordings were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis, and the transcripts were reviewed to identify potential factors indicating barriers for farmers to engage a veterinarian in HHM...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786522/a-survey-of-experiences-of-uk-cattle-and-sheep-farmers-with-anthelmintic-prescribers-are-best-practice-principles-being-deployed-at-farm-level
#2
Easton Stephanie, L Pinchbeck Gina, J Bartley David, E Hodgkinson Jane, B Matthews Jacqueline
Helminths are common pathogens of ruminants. These are controlled by anthelmintics; however, resistance is a major issue. More sustainable practices need to be deployed to protect anthelmintic efficacy. There is no published information on how farmer/prescriber interactions at anthelmintic purchase shape application of best practice on-farm. To determine experiences of UK ruminant farmers as they relate to anthelmintic purchasing/provision of best practice advice at the point-of-sale, an online survey was distributed...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785086/the-utilization-of-an-ocular-wound-chamber-on-corneal-epithelial-wounds
#3
Jennifer S McDaniel, Andrew W Holt, Elaine D Por, Elof Eriksson, Anthony J Johnson, Gina L Griffith
Purpose: Currently available ocular moisture chambers are not adequate to manage the treatment of periocular burns, corneal injuries, and infection. The purpose of these studies was to demonstrate that a flexible, semi-transparent ocular wound chamber device adapted from technology currently used on dermal wounds is safe for use on corneal epithelial injuries. Materials and methods: A depilatory cream (Nair™, 30 seconds) was utilized to remove the excess hair surrounding the left eyes of anesthetized Institute Armand Frappier (IAF) hairless, female guinea pigs (Crl:HA-Hrhr)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784391/exploiting-the-synergistic-effect-of-concurrent-data-signals-low-level-fusion-of-liquid-chromatographic-with-dual-detection-data
#4
Carla M Teglia, Silvana M Azcarate, Mirta R Alcaráz, Héctor C Goicoechea, María J Culzoni
A low-level data fusion strategy was developed and implemented for data processing of second-order liquid chromatographic data with dual detection, i.e. absorbance and fluorescence monitoring. The synergistic effect of coupling individual information provided by two different detectors was evaluated by analyzing the results gathered after the application of a series of data preprocessing steps and chemometric resolution. The chemometric modeling involved data analysis by MCR-ALS, PARAFAC and N-PLS. Their ability to handle the new data block was assessed through the estimation of the analytical figures of merits achieved in the prediction of a validation set containing fifteen fluorescent and non-fluorescent veterinary active ingredients that can be found in poultry litter...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784076/analgesic-efficacy-and-hematologic-effects-of-robenacoxib-in-mice
#5
Jennifer A Beninson, Jennifer L Lofgren, Patrick A Lester, Madeline M Hileman, Daniel J Berkowitz, Daniel D Myers
NSAID analgesics may confound models that require inflammation to mimic disease development in humans. This effect presents a challenge for veterinary staff and investigators, because surgery is often necessary to create mouse models of disease and NSAID are first-line analgesics used to treat postoperative pain. We evaluated robenacoxib, a NSAID highly selective for cyclooxygenase 2, in a carrageenan paw edema (CPE) assay and surgical model of venous thrombosis (VT). We generated a mouse-specific dose-response curve by using the CPE assay for robenacoxib doses of 3...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#6
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
May 21, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781421/molecular-phylogeny-based-on-six-nuclear-genes-suggests-that-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-lato-genotypes-g6-g7-and-g8-g10-can-be-regarded-as-two-distinct-species
#7
Teivi Laurimäe, Liina Kinkar, Epp Moks, Thomas Romig, Rihab A Omer, Adriano Casulli, Gérald Umhang, Guna Bagrade, Malik Irshadullah, Mitra Sharbatkhori, Hossein Mirhendi, Francisco Ponce-Gordo, Silvia V Soriano, Antonio Varcasia, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad, Vanessa Andresiuk, Urmas Saarma
Tapeworms of the species complex of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s. l.) are the cause of a severe zoonotic disease - cystic echinococcosis, which is listed among the most severe parasitic diseases in humans and is prioritized by the World Health Organization. A stable taxonomy of E. granulosus s. l. is essential to the medical and veterinary communities for accurate and effective communication of the role of different species in this complex on human and animal health. E. granulosus s. l. displays high genetic diversity and has been divided into different species and genotypes...
May 21, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780833/the-growing-genetic-and-functional-diversity-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases
#8
REVIEW
Sadeeq Ur Rahman, Tariq Ali, Ijaz Ali, Nazir Ahmad Khan, Bo Han, Jian Gao
The β -lactams-a large class of diverse compounds-due to their excellent safety profile and broad antimicrobial spectrum are considered to be the most widely used therapeutic class of antibacterials prescribed in human and veterinary clinical practices. This, unfortunately, has also given rise to a continuous increased resistance globally in health care settings as well as in the community due to their permanent selective force driving diversification of the resistance mechanism. Resistance against β -lactams is increasing rapidly as novel β -lactamases, enzymes that degrade β -lactams, are being discovered each day such as recent emergence of extended spectrum β -lactamases (ESBL) that have the ability to inactivate most of the cephalosporins...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780811/does-size-matter-to-models-exploring-the-effect-of-herd-size-on-outputs-of-a-herd-level-disease-spread-simulator
#9
Mary Van Andel, Tracey Hollings, Richard Bradhurst, Andrew Robinson, Mark Burgman, M Carolyn Gates, Paul Bingham, Tim Carpenter
Disease spread modeling is widely used by veterinary authorities to predict the impact of emergency animal disease outbreaks in livestock and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different management interventions. Such models require knowledge of basic disease epidemiology as well as information about the population of animals at risk. Essential demographic information includes the production system, animal numbers, and their spatial locations yet many countries with significant livestock industries do not have publically available and accurate animal population information at the farm level that can be used in these models...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780810/factors-associated-with-bites-to-a-child-from-a-dog-living-in-the-same-home-a-bi-national-comparison
#10
Locksley L McV Messam, Philip H Kass, Bruno B Chomel, Lynette A Hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5-15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily, we wished to compare these factors to risk factors for dog bites to the general public. Participant information was collected via interviewer-administered questionnaire using proxy respondents. Data were analyzed using log-binomial regression to estimate relative risks and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each exposure-dog bite relationship...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780608/bronchoscopic-debulking-of-a-feline-tracheobronchial-carcinoma-and-long-term-outcome
#11
Marina Dominguez Ruiz, Jessica Grant, Juan Hernandez
Case summary: This report describes a 10-year-old female spayed Russian Blue cat presented with a 5 month history of respiratory difficulty. Thoracic radiographs were suggestive of a central airway obstruction. Bronchoscopy revealed a broad-base mass in the region of the carina. Bronchoscopic debulking was performed using a urinary catheter. Histopathology confirmed the presence of a tracheobronchial carcinoma. Survival from diagnosis was 16 months (480 days), over which time the cat underwent three endoscopic debulking procedures in combination with doxorubicin chemotherapy...
January 2018: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780607/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-cat-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#12
Daniel J Adams, Jolie A Demchur, Lillian R Aronson
Case summary: A 10-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat underwent renal transplantation due to worsening chronic kidney disease secondary to polycystic kidney disease. During transplantation, the right kidney grossly appeared to be more diseased than the left and was firmly adhered to the surrounding tissues. An intraoperative fine-needle aspirate of the right native kidney revealed inflammatory cells but no evidence of neoplasia. To create space for the allograft, a right nephrectomy was performed...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#13
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780076/the-influence-of-the-duration-of-the-preoperative-time-spent-in-the-veterinary-clinic-without-the-owner-on-the-psychogenic-and-oxidative-stress-in-dogs
#14
Dalia Juodžentė, Birutė Karvelienė, Vita Riškevičienė
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the dog's long-term separation from its owner in the novel environment on the occurrence of psychogenic and oxidative stress. Group I dogs (n=9) were brought to the veterinary clinic and stayed in a kennel room for 12 hr before the surgery, and group II dogs (n=9) - for 10 min before the surgery. Physiological parameters (heart rate (HR) (beats/min) and respiratory rate (fR ) (breaths/min)) were measured and blood sampling was done 12 hr before the surgery (T0) for group I dogs and 10 min before the surgery (T1) for both groups dogs...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780022/a-case-of-felicola-subrostratus-burmeister-1838-phthiraptera-ischnocera-on-a-cat-felis-catus
#15
Bilal Dik
We present this case report to provide information about Felicola subrostratus (Burmeister, 1838) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) detected on a 2-year-old stray cat (Felis catus) brought for treatment to a veterinary clinic in Kocaeli, Turkey. Macroscopically, severe louse infestation was detected on the cat. Some of the lice on the cat were collected using forceps and preserved in 70% ethanol. Then, they were sent to Department of Parasitology, Veterinary Faculty, Selçuk University in Konya for identification...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779002/developing-a-testing-battery-for-measuring-dogs-stifle-functionality-the-finnish-canine-stifle-index-fcsi
#16
Heli K Hyytiäinen, Sari H Mölsä, Jouni J T Junnila, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
This study aimed at developing a quantitative testing battery for dogs' stifle functionality, as, unlike in human medicine, currently none is available in the veterinary field. Forty-three dogs with surgically treated unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture and 21 dogs with no known musculoskeletal problems were included. Eight previously studied tests: compensation in sitting and lying positions, symmetry of thrust in hindlimbs when rising from lying and sitting, static weight bearing, stifle flexion and extension and muscle mass symmetry, were summed into the Finnish Canine Stifle Index (FCSI)...
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778442/developmental-profiles-of-progesterone-receptor-transcripts-and-molecular-responses-to-gestagen-exposure-during-silurana-tropicalis-early-development
#17
Paisley Thomson, Valerie S Langlois
Environmental gestagens are an emerging class of contaminants that have been recently measured in surface water and can interfere with reproduction in aquatic vertebrates. Gestagens include endogenous progestogens, such as progesterone (P4), which bind P4-receptors and have critically important roles in vertebrate physiology and reproduction. Gestagens also include synthetic progestins, which are components of human and veterinary drugs, such as melengestrol acetate (MGA). Endogenous progestogens are essential in the regulation of reproduction in mammalian species, but the role of P4 in amphibian larval development remains unclear...
May 17, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778187/sensitivity-of-african-swine-fever-virus-asfv-to-heat-alkalinity-and-peroxide-treatment-in-presence-or-absence-of-porcine-plasma
#18
I D Kalmar, A B Cay, M Tignon
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly resistant viraemic virus with devastating socio-economic impact. Its present epidemiology in Eastern Europe and Russia warrants increased biosecurity measures in Western Europe. This includes proactive precautions on traffic of pork products within and between areas that are officially free from ASF. Namely, delayed notification of clinical signs or introduction of a low-virulent strain in ASF-free areas could result in presence of ASFV in veterinary inspected pork and pork by-products...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778154/effects-of-chlortetracycline-cu-and-their-combination-on-the-performance-and-microbial-community-dynamics-in-swine-manure-anaerobic-digestion
#19
Rui Wang, Junya Zhang, Jibao Liu, Dawei Yu, Hui Zhong, Yawei Wang, Meixue Chen, Juan Tong, Yuansong Wei
Swine manure was typical for the combined pollution of heavy metals and antibiotics. The effects of widely used veterinary antibiotic chlortetracycline (CTC), Cu and their combination on swine manure anaerobic digestion performance and microbial community have never been investigated. Thus, four 2L anaerobic digestion reactors were established including reactor A (control), B (CTC spiked by 0.5g/kg dry weight, dw), C (Cu spiked by 5g/kg dw) and D (combination of CTC, 0.5g/kg dw, and Cu, 5g/kg dw), and dynamics of bacterial and archaeal community structure was investigated using high throughput sequencing method...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777547/tacrolimus-induced-asymptomatic-thrombotic-microangiopathy-diagnosed-by-laboratory-tests-in-pig-to-rhesus-corneal-xenotransplantation-a-case-report
#20
Jong-Min Kim, Jaeyoung Kim, Se-Hyun Choi, Jun-Seop Shin, Byoung-Hoon Min, Won Young Jeong, Ga-Eul Lee, Min-Sun Kim, Seeun Kwon, Mee Kum Kim, Chung-Gyu Park
Tacrolimus-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a rare complication. TA-TMA is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ damage due to thrombus. We report asymptomatic TA-TMA diagnosed by laboratory tests in pig-to-rhesus corneal xenotransplantation. Corneal transplantation had been conducted from a wild-type SNU miniature pig to a rhesus macaque. The veterinary records were retrospectively reviewed in this case. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of rituximab, basiliximab, and IVIg as inductive therapies, and steroids with tacrolimus (0...
May 18, 2018: Xenotransplantation
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