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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340849/risk-factors-associated-with-feline-urolithiasis
#1
REVIEW
Veridiane da Rosa Gomes, Paula Costa Ariza, Naida Cristina Borges, Francisco Jorge Schulz, Maria Clorinda Soares Fioravanti
Urinary tract diseases are among the main reasons for consultation in veterinary clinics and hospitals. It affects animals of any age, breed and gender. Among the diseases that affect this system, urolithiasis is the second largest cause of clinical signs compatible with feline urinary tract disease. The term urolithiasis refers to the presence of uroliths in any region of the urinary tract, but it is more commonly seen in the bladder and urethra. Uroliths are classified based on the type of mineral present in their composition, therefore, quantitative and qualitative analyzes are important for a better therapeutic approach...
January 16, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337996/occupational-exposure-to-human-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-a-systematic-review
#2
Flora Vayr, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Frederic Savall, Jean-Marc Soulat, Gaëtan Deffontaines, Fabrice Herin
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is the main causative agent of bovine zoonotic tuberculosis. The aim of this systematic review is to highlight the occupational exposure to bovine tuberculosis due to M. bovis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A computer based literature search was carried out to identify papers published between January 2006 and March 2017. "PubMed, Cochrane Library and Science Direct" databases were searched systematically. Articles presenting the following properties were included: (i) focusing on M...
January 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337903/use-of-accelerometer-activity-monitors-to-detect-changes-in-pruritic-behaviors-interim-clinical-data-on-6-dogs
#3
Susan M Wernimont, Robin J Thompson, Scott L Mickelsen, Spencer C Smith, Isabella C Alvarenga, Kathy L Gross
Veterinarians and pet owners have limited ability to assess pruritic behaviors in dogs. This pilot study assessed the capacity of the Vetrax® triaxial accelerometer to measure these behaviors in six dogs with pruritus likely due to environmental allergens. Dogs wore the activity monitor for two weeks while consuming their usual pet food (baseline), then for eight weeks while consuming a veterinary-exclusive pet food for dogs with suspected non-food-related skin conditions (Hill's Prescription Diet® Derm DefenseTM Canine dry food)...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337656/a-review-of-methodology-for-the-analysis-of-pyrethrin-and-pyrethroid-residues-in-food-of-animal-origin
#4
S Tuck, A Furey, S R H Crooks, M Danaher
Pyrethrin and pyrethroid pesticides are commonly used in crop protection and animal health, to control pests. As a result, they can potentially transfer into food if good agricultural practice is not followed or even due to accidental contamination. The analysis of these compounds has been widely reported in crops and the environment. However, the analysis of pyrethrin and pyrethroids has not been reported frequently in foods of animal origin, particularly animal tissues. The focus of this review is to report on pyrethrin and pyrethroid analysis including key aspects such as chemistry, choice of target matrix, sample preparation, chemical analysis, legislation and method validation...
January 16, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335029/estimating-the-proportion-of-clinically-diagnosed-infectious-and-non-infectious-animal-diseases-in-ganta-afeshum-woreda-eastern-tigray-zone-ethiopia
#5
Mebrahtu Tedla, Mebrahtu Gebreselassie
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed with the objective of identifying the proportion of emerging and endemic livestock diseases using cross sectional survey. RESULT: A total of 285 clinically diseased animals were presented to a veterinary clinic and diagnosed tentatively based on history, clinical sign, and simple laboratory diagnostics and from the study, actinomycosis (15.83%), mastitis (15%), tick infestation (10%), respiratory diseases (9.16%) and gastro intestinal parasitism (9...
January 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334981/production-of-highly-and-broad-range-specific-monoclonal-antibodies-against-hemagglutinin-of-h5-subtype-avian-influenza-viruses-and-their-differentiation-by-mass-spectrometry
#6
Violetta Sączyńska, Anna Bierczyńska-Krzysik, Violetta Cecuda-Adamczewska, Piotr Baran, Anna Porębska, Katarzyna Florys, Marcin Zieliński, Grażyna Płucienniczak
BACKGROUND: The highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype, such as the H5N1 viral strains or the novel H5N8 and H5N2 reassortants, are of both veterinary and public health concern worldwide. To combat these viruses, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against H5 hemagglutinin (HA) play a significant role. These mAbs are effective diagnostic and therapeutic agents and powerful tools in vaccine development and basic scientific research. The aim of this study was to obtain diagnostically valuable mAbs with broad strain specificity against H5-subtype AIVs...
January 15, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334949/flaxseed-enriched-diets-change-milk-concentration-of-the-antimicrobial-danofloxacin-in-sheep
#7
Jon Andoni Otero, Dafne García-Mateos, Indira Alvarez-Fernández, Rocío García-Villalba, Juan Carlos Espín, Ana Isabel Álvarez, Gracia Merino
BACKGROUND: Flaxseed is the most common and rich dietary source of lignans and is an acceptable supply of energy for livestock. Flaxseed lignans are precursors of enterolignans, mainly enterolactone and enterodiol, produced by the rumen and intestinal microbiota of mammals and have many important biological properties as phytoestrogens. Potential food-drug interactions involving flaxseed may be relevant for veterinary therapy, and for the quality and safety of milk and dairy products...
January 15, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334653/depletion-study-withdrawal-period-calculation-and-bioaccumulation-of-sulfamethazine-in-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-treated-with-medicated-feed
#8
Kátia S D Nunes, José H Vallim, Márcia R Assalin, Sonia C N Queiroz, Lourival C Paraíba, Claudio M Jonsson, Felix G R Reyes
The residue depletion of sulfamethazine (SMZ) was evaluated in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after 11 days of administration of medicated feed containing SMZ, at the dose of 422 mg/kg body weight (bw). The determination of SMZ in feed and tilapia fillet was carried out using the QuEChERS approach for sample preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QToF-MS) for quantitation, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333737/recent-advances-in-veterinary-radiation-oncology
#9
EDITORIAL
M S Kent, M M Turek, J Farrelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333613/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-clinical-use-of-trazodone-and-its-active-metabolite-m-chlorophenylpiperazine-in-the-horse
#10
J L Davis, J Schirmer, E Medlin
Trazodone is a serotonin receptor antagonist and reuptake inhibitor used extensively as an anxiolytic in human and small animal veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to determine the pharmacokinetics of oral trazodone in experimental horses and to evaluate the effect of oral trazodone in clinical horses. Six experimental horses were administered trazodone at 7.5 or 10 mg/kg. Plasma concentrations of trazodone and its metabolite (m-CPP) were determined via UPLC-MS/MS. Noncompartmental pharmacokinetic analysis, sedation and ataxia scores were determined...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#11
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329849/thermal-degradation-of-chloramphenicol-in-model-solutions-spiked-tissues-and-incurred-samples
#12
Lei Tian, Stéphane Bayen
This study investigated the thermal degradation of a veterinary drug, chloramphenicol, in model solutions (water), as well as in spiked and incurred mussel tissues to understand its fate in the food supply chain. Thermal degradation kinetics followed a first-order model in water (e.g. degradation rate: 0.0018-0.0025 min-1 at 100 °C). After 1 h at 100 °C, the percentage degradation in spiked tissues (28.1 ± 7.1%) was significantly different (p < .05) from the values in water (14.2 ± 1...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329623/parasite-control-strategies-used-by-equine-owners-in-the-united-states-a-national-survey
#13
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
The widespread occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites across the world has led to recommendations of fecal egg count-based parasite programs to reduce treatment intensity and thereby delay further development of resistance as much as possible. The most recent study describing equine parasite control in the United States was conducted 20 years ago, and little is known about current strategies employed. This study was part of the National Animal Health Monitoring Systems (NAHMS) Equine 2015 Study, and aimed to describe equine parasite control strategies in the U...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329388/a-series-of-deaths-involving-carfentanil-in-the-uk-and-associated-post-mortem-blood-concentrations
#14
Simon P Elliott, Elena Hernandez Lopez
The potent opioid and veterinary drug, carfentanil has recently entered the illicit drug market, especially in relation to heroin and cocaine. Recent publications have reported carfentanil concentrations found in fatalities occurring in the USA. This article presents the toxicological findings in seven heroin/cocaine cases occurring in the UK within a short period of time where carfentanil was detected and measured. Carfentanil was detected along with other drugs in all cases with no alcohol detected in the post-mortem blood in any of the cases...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329198/acknowledgement-to-reviewers-of-veterinary-sciences-in-2017
#15
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
Peer review is an essential part in the publication process, ensuring that Veterinary Sciences maintains high quality standards for its published papers[...].
January 12, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329012/oxidative-transformation-kinetics-and-pathways-of-albendazole-from-reactions-with-manganese-dioxide
#16
Sin-Yi Liou, Wan-Ru Chen
Albendazole (ABZ) is a benzimidazole-based veterinary anthelmintic used extensively in the treatment of intestinal parasites. Due to its high hydrophobicity, ABZ tends to accumulate in soils and sediments in the environment. This study aims to investigate ABZ's possible degradation by manganese oxides. Minor effects from ionic strength and metal cations on ABZ degradation were observed. By contrast, decrease of pH greatly enhanced the reaction rate. Surface complexation between ABZ and MnO2 was indicated to be the dominant control in the reaction kinetics...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328884/evaluation-of-g2-citric-acid-based-dendrimer-as-an-adjuvant-in-veterinary-rabies-vaccine
#17
Vahid Asgary, Alireza Shoari, Majid Afshar Moayad, Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani, Razieh Bigdeli, Leila Ghazizadeh, Mohammad Sadeq Khosravy, Erfan Panahnejad, Alireza Janani, Rouzbeh Bashar, Maliheh Abedi, Reza Ahangari Cohan
For induction of an appropriate immune response, especially in the case of an inactivated vaccine, the use of an adjuvant is crucial. In this study, adjuvanticity effect of G2 dendrimer in veterinary rabies vaccine has been investigated. A nonlinear globular G2 dendrimer comprising citric acid and polyethylene glycol 600 (PEG-600) was synthesized and the toxicity was studied in vitro on the J774A.1 cell line. The adjuvanticity effect of the dendrimer was then investigated on rabies virus in NMRI mice as a model...
January 2018: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327956/the-incidence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-macrorhabdus-ornithogaster-infection-in-budgerigars-melopsittacus-undulatus-in-a-veterinary-clinic
#18
Ronja Püstow, Maria-Elisabeth Krautwald-Junghanns
Macrorhabdus ornithogaster, avian gastric yeast, is a common cause of gastrointestinal disease in budgerigars ( Melopsittacus undulatus). To better understand the clinical disease in budgerigars presented in a practice population, we reviewed the occurrence, clinical signs, and treatment success of M ornithogaster disease in budgerigars during a 2.5-year period at the Clinic for Birds and Reptiles, University of Leipzig (Leipzig, Germany). The yeast was diagnosed by microscopic examination of fresh fecal samples...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#19
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324848/platelet-rich-plasma-to-treat-experimentally-induced-skin-wounds-in-animals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Adolfo Maria Tambella, Anna Rita Attili, Gilles Dupré, Andrea Cantalamessa, Stefano Martin, Vincenzo Cuteri, Sabrina Marcazzan, Massimo Del Fabbro
The objective of the study was to review current literature to determine whether the topical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promotes healing in experimentally-induced full-thickness skin wounds in animals. The hypothesis was that the adjunct of PRP has a positive effect on wound healing. An electronic search was carried out on the following databases: Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Research Gate, Cochrane Wounds Group, Veterinary Information Network. No publication date nor language restrictions were applied...
2018: PloS One
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