Read by QxMD icon Read


Olivier Barbier, Maelle Racle
Introduction: The current evolution of surgical practices is increasingly trending toward hyper-specialization. For military surgeons, their practice in France does not differ from their civilian counterparts. In contrast, in external operations, they have to deal with specific war injuries in austere conditions. They are also required to take care of local populations. Therefore, specific training is necessary, and the French Military Health Service Academy (Ecole du Val-de-Grâce) Paris has set up a specific training called Advanced Course for Deployment Surgery (ACDS) in 2007...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Alan Blank, Norman Otsuka, Timothy Rapp
Bone abnormalities on pediatric radiographs are not uncommon findings for both the general orthopedist as well as the specialist. Although the majority of lesions encountered are benign, the treating physician should also be aware of more concerning diagnoses. General orthopedists and pediatric orthopedists should exhibit a basic level of comfort with working up and diagnosing these benign lesions. When evaluating the pediatric patient with a bone lesion it is crucial to keep in mind important aspects of the clinical history, physical exam, and radiographic findings...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Benjamin M Mauck, Colin W Swigler
Distal radius fractures are one of the most commonly treated fractures in the United States. The highest rates are seen among the elderly, second only to hip fractures. With the increasing aging population these numbers are projected to continue to increase. Distal radius fractures include a spectrum of injury patterns encountered by general practitioners and orthopedists alike. This evidence-based review of distal radius fractures incorporates current and available literature on the diagnosis, management, and treatment of fractures of the distal radius...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Nancy A Baker, Joel Stevans, Lauren Terhorst, Allen M Haas, Yong-Fan Kuo, Soham Al Snih
BACKGROUND: Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in commercially insured patients across the spectrum of provider types rarely has been described. OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of types of treatment for patients with CTS using a large commercial insurance database. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort descriptive study. SETTING: Administrative health data from the Clinformatics Data Mart (OptumInsight, Eden Prairie, MN)...
February 13, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Micaela M Esquivel, Naomi Y Garland, Kristan L Staudenmayer, David A Spain, Thomas G Weiser
BACKGROUND: Areas of minimal access to surgical care, often called "surgical deserts", are of particular concern when considering the need for urgent surgical and anesthesia care. We hypothesized that California would have an appropriate workforce density but that physicians would be concentrated in urban areas, and surgical deserts would exist in rural counties. METHODS: We used a benchmark of six general surgeons, six orthopedists, and eight anesthesiologists per 100,000 people per county to define a "desert"...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Sebastian Carnarius, Joachim Heuer, Jürgen Stausberg
OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians and specialists deal with a wide range of diseases. The diagnoses are coded by using the annual version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revised version, German modification (ICD-10-GM). The aim of this study was to describe the current spectrum of documented diagnoses by physicians. Based on the underlying conditions, a broad variety of ICD-10-GM codes could be expected, which in many cases would not be coded to the final character (terminal)...
February 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Caecilia Charbonnier, Sylvain Chagué, Bart Kevelham, Delphine Preissmann, Frank C Kolo, Olivier Rime, Alexandre Lädermann
PURPOSE: We present a computer-assisted planning solution "ArthroPlanner" for acromioplasty based on 3D anatomical models, computed tomography and joint kinematic simulations. METHODS: In addition to a standard static clinical evaluation (anamnesis, radiological examination), the software provides a dynamic assessment of the shoulder joint by computing in real time the joint kinematics from a database of activities of daily living. During motion, the precise bone resection (location and amount) is computed based on detected subacromial impingements, providing surgeons with precise information about the surgical procedure...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Dong Hun Kang, Chan Kang, Deuk Soo Hwang, Jae Hwang Song, Seok Hwan Song
BACKGROUND: Full weightbearing (WB) three dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) is an excellent imaging tool. However, due to its high cost, it is only used in a few hospitals. We evaluated the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of axial loading (AL) 3D CT by comparing bony alignments with standing radiographs, and assessed reproducibility according to the degree of AL. METHODS: Eighty patients (156 feet), who underwent standing radiographs and 3D CT with an AL device from January 2016 to May 2017, were investigated...
November 6, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Wenhao Zheng, Chunhui Chen, Zhenyu Tao, Chuanxu Zhang, Hui Zhang, Hang Li, Zhenhua Feng, Liang Cheng, Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of pediatric tibial shaft fractures treated with titanium elastic nail (TEN) by pediatric orthopedists and non-pediatric orthopedists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 90 children of tibial shaft fractures, who were randomized to operative stabilization either by pediatric orthopedists (Group A, 45 cases) or by non-pediatric orthopedists (Group B, 45 cases) from April 2010 to May 2015...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Jaydev B Mistry, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Qais Naziri, Robert Pivec, Roby Abraham, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic transfusions are commonly used for substantial blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but have been associated with adverse effects and increased costs. The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed description of (1) trends of allogeneic blood transfusion; (2) risk factors and adverse events; and (3) discharge disposition, length-of-stay (LOS), and cost/charge analysis for primary TKA patients who received an allogeneic blood transfusion from 2009-2013...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ercan Şahin, Mahmut Kalem
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the costs and efficacy of radiographs taken in the third week after fixation of bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective evaluation was made of patients who underwent surgical fixation because of bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures between January 1, 2008, and October 1, 2013. Patient demographics (age, gender, body mass index), fracture type, follow-up periods, and fixation methods were recorded, and the radiographs taken on postoperative day 1, at 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and the final follow-up were examined by 2 orthopedists...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Amir R Vafaee, Taghi Baghdadi, Azarakhsh Baghdadi, Reza Khalili Jamnani
Background: Although the developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is well known to pediatric orthopedists, its etiology has still remained unknown and despite dedication of a vast majority of research, the results are still inadequate and confusing. The exact incidence of DDH and its relationship with known risk factors in Iran is still unknown. Here we represent the results of one year study on the incidence and related conditions of DDH. Methods: Sonography was performed on the hip joints of 1073 full term healthy newborns at Imam Khomeini Hospital from March 2013 to March 2014...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Antti P Launonen, Bakir O Sumrein, Vesa Lepola
A proximal humerus fracture typically occurs when an elderly woman falls directly onto her shoulder or on her outstretched arm. Local pain in the shoulder and immobility of the upper arm raise a suspicion of a significant injury. Other bone and tendon injuries in the shoulder region as well as dislocation of the shoulder should be considered on differential diagnosis. Diagnosis is achieved by plain X-ray. Most fractures can be treated conservatively. Consultation with an orthopedist is needed, if there are several fracture fragments with extensive dislocation...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
Allison Lind, Kevin Latz, Mark R Sinclair, David D Williams
BACKGROUND: To examine the current trends in trauma call coverage of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons in North America and to identify predictors of surgeon on-call satisfaction. METHODS: In 2015, ∼1200 active members of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) were surveyed regarding emergency room on-call practices. In total, 410 members completed the survey with a response rate of 35%. Information collected included call frequency, practice setting and satisfaction with call...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
J Rodolfo Maestre-Rendon, Tomas A Rivera-Roman, Juan M Sierra-Hernandez, Ivan Cruz-Aceves, Luis M Contreras-Medina, Carlos Duarte-Galvan, Arturo A Fernandez-Jaramillo
Manual measurements of foot anthropometry can lead to errors since this task involves the experience of the specialist who performs them, resulting in different subjective measures from the same footprint. Moreover, some of the diagnoses that are given to classify a footprint deformity are based on a qualitative interpretation by the physician; there is no quantitative interpretation of the footprint. The importance of providing a correct and accurate diagnosis lies in the need to ensure that an appropriate treatment is provided for the improvement of the patient without risking his or her health...
November 22, 2017: Sensors
Karel Kostev, Christian Von Vultée, Diethard M Usinger, Jens-Peter Reese
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze tramadol prescription patterns in acute pain patients followed by general practitioners and orthopedists in Germany. METHODS: This study included patients ≥18 years diagnosed with acute pain who received at least one tramadol prescription each in one of 1,129 general or 179 orthopedic practices in Germany between January and December 2015 (index date). Patients were excluded if they had received a prescription for another analgesic in the year prior to the index date, had a follow-up of less than 15 months after the index date, or were prescribed tramadol for a period of more than three months...
January 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Nadir Yalçın, Enes Uluyardımcı, İbrahim Bozkurt
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the durations of scientific presentations and factors affecting the rates of exceeding the time limit in presentations at 26th Turkish National Congress of Orthopedics and Traumatology, which is one of Turkey's largest nationally organized orthopedics and traumatology meetings in terms of the numbers of speakers and participators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Speech durations of Turkish orthopedists and the rates of these durations against the durations specified in the schedule were calculated...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Jennifer J Schoch, Bradley S Schoch, Jean David Werthel, Amy L McIntosh, Dawn M R Davis
Linear morphea of the limb primarily affects children, and extracutaneous manifestations are common. Orthopedic surgeons are often essential in the care of patients with linear morphea, yet there are few reports outlining specific orthopedic complications in this population. We sought to improve the understanding of orthopedic complications in linear morphea of the limb. Between 1999 and 2014, 51 children were evaluated for linear morphea of an extremity. Twenty-six (51%) had documented orthopedic manifestations...
November 9, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Kunal Sindhu, Steven F DeFroda, Andrew P Harris, Joseph A Gil
BACKGROUND: Hand and finger injuries account for approximately 4.8 million visits to emergency departments each year. These injuries can cause a great deal of distress for both patients and providers and are often initially encountered in urgent care clinics, community hospitals, and level one trauma centers. Tip amputation injuries vary widely in mechanism, ranging from sharp lacerations to crush injuries that present with varying degrees of contamination. The severity of damage to soft tissue, bone, arteries and nerves is dependent upon the mechanism and guides treatment decision-making...
December 2017: Injury
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Ronald E Delanois, Kurt P Spindler, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: In the era of the online orthopedic market, patients tend to equate publicly available online satisfaction surveys with what they presume their ultimate surgical outcome will be. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether there is a correlation between Press Ganey (PG) scores and (1) Hip Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and Harris Hip Score; (2) Short Form-12 and Short Form-36 scores; (3) University of California Los Angeles and Visual Analog Scale scores assessed at a mean of 3 years (range, 1 to 6 years) after surgery...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"