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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432260/dual-histone-reader-zmynd8-inhibits-cancer-cell-invasion-by-positively-regulating-epithelial-genes
#1
Moitri Basu, Isha Sengupta, Wasim Khan, Dushyant Kumar Srivastava, Partha Chakrabarti, Siddhartha Roy, Chandrima Das
Enhanced migratory potential and invasiveness of cancer cells attribute crucially.in cancer progression. These phenotypes are achieved by precise alteration of invasion-associated genes through local epigenetic modifications which are recognized by a class of proteins termed as chromatin reader. ZMYND8 (zinc finger MYND (Myeloid, Nervy and DEAF-1)-type containing 8), a key component of transcription regulatory network, has been recently shown to be a novel reader of H3.1K36Me2/H4K16Ac marks. Through differential gene expression analysis upon silencing this chromatin reader, we identified a subset of genes involved in cell proliferation and invasion/migration regulated by ZMYND8...
April 21, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431792/changes-to-histone-modifications-following-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-an-emerging-picture
#2
REVIEW
Eric J Chater-Diehl, Benjamin I Laufer, Shiva M Singh
Epigenetic mechanisms are important for facilitating gene-environment interactions in many disease etiologies, including Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Extensive research into the role of DNA methylation and miRNAs in animal models has illuminated the complex role of these mechanisms in FASD. In contrast, histone modifications have not been as well researched, due in part to being less stable than DNA methylation and less well-characterized in disease. It is now apparent that even changes in transient marks can have profound effects if they alter developmental trajectories...
February 4, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431263/epigenetic-therapy-and-chemosensitization-in-solid-malignancy
#3
REVIEW
Sean M Ronnekleiv-Kelly, Anup Sharma, Nita Ahuja
Epigenetic modifications result in dynamic shifts between transcriptionally active and suppressed states. The potentially reversible nature of epigenetic changes underlies the concept of epigenetic therapy, which serves to reprogram cancer cells as opposed to inducing cytotoxicity that occurs with standard chemotherapeutics. There are numerous enzymes involved in epigenetic changes and each can be potentially targetable. Although many investigations have evaluated the clinical potential of the various epigenetic therapies, currently only histone deacetylase inhibitors and DNA methyltransferase inhibitors are approved for use in specific hematologic malignancies...
April 8, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430823/modulation-the-alternative-splicing-of-gla-ivs4-919g-a-in-fabry-disease
#4
Wen-Hsin Chang, Dau-Ming Niu, Chi-Yu Lu, Shyr-Yi Lin, Ta-Chih Liu, Jan-Gowth Chang
While a base substitution in intron 4 of GLA (IVS4+919G>A) that causes aberrant alternative splicing resulting in Fabry disease has been reported, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here we reported that upon IVS4+919G>A transversion, H3K36me3 was enriched across the alternatively spliced region. PSIP1, an adapter of H3K36me3, together with Hsp70 and NONO were recruited and formed a complex with SF2/ASF and SRp20, which further promoted GLA splicing. Amiloride, a splicing regulator in cancer cells, could reverse aberrant histone modification patterns and disrupt the association of splicing complex with GLA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429797/sirtuins-in-the-phylum-basidiomycota-a-role-in-virulence-in-cryptococcus-neoformans
#5
Samantha D M Arras, Jessica L Chitty, Maha S I Wizrah, Paige E Erpf, Benjamin L Schulz, Milos Tanurdzic, James A Fraser
Virulence of Cryptococcus neoformans is regulated by a range of transcription factors, and is also influenced by the acquisition of adaptive mutations during infection. Beyond the temporal regulation of virulence factor production by transcription factors and these permanent microevolutionary changes, heritable epigenetic modifications such as histone deacetylation may also play a role during infection. Here we describe the first comprehensive analysis of the sirtuin class of NAD+ dependent histone deacetylases in the phylum Basidiomycota, identifying five sirtuins encoded in the C...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428957/coordinating-regulation-of-gene-expression-in-cardiovascular-disease-interactions-between-chromatin-modifiers-and-transcription-factors
#6
REVIEW
Ashley J Bauer, Kathleen A Martin
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death with increasing economic burden. The pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases is complex, but can arise from genetic and/or environmental risk factors. This can lead to dysregulated gene expression in numerous cell types including cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and inflammatory cells. While initial studies addressed transcriptional control of gene expression, epigenetics has been increasingly appreciated to also play an important role in this process through alterations in chromatin structure and gene accessibility...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428114/epigenetics-the-third-pillar-of-nitric-oxide-signaling
#7
REVIEW
Samantha Socco, Rhea C Bovee, Marianne B Palczewski, Jason R Hickok, Douglas D Thomas
Nitric oxide (NO), the endogenously produced free radical signaling molecule, is generally thought to function via its interactions with heme-containing proteins, such as soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), or by the formation of protein adducts containing nitrogen oxide functional groups (such as S-nitrosothiols, 3-nitrotyrosine, and dinitrosyliron complexes). These two types of interactions result in a multitude of down-stream effects that regulate numerous functions in physiology and disease. Of the numerous purported NO signaling mechanisms, epigenetic regulation has gained considerable interest in recent years...
April 17, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427179/comprehensive-mapping-of-the-effects-of-azacitidine-on-dna-methylation-repressive-permissive-histone-marks-and-gene-expression-in-primary-cells-from-patients-with-mds-and-mds-related-disease
#8
Magnus Tobiasson, Hani Abdulkadir, Andreas Lennartsson, Shintaro Katayama, Francesco Marabita, Ayla De Paepe, Mohsen Karimi, Kaarel Krjutskov, Elisabet Einarsdottir, Michael Grövdal, Monika Jansson, Asmaa Ben Azenkoud, Lina Corddedu, Sören Lehmann, Karl Ekwall, Juha Kere, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, Johanna Ungerstedt
Azacitidine (Aza) is first-line treatment for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), although its precise mechanism of action is unknown. We performed the first study to globally evaluate the epigenetic effects of Aza on MDS bone marrow progenitor cells assessing gene expression (RNA seq), DNA methylation (Illumina 450k) and the histone modifications H3K18ac and H3K9me3 (ChIP seq). Aza induced a general increase in gene expression with 924 significantly upregulated genes but this increase showed no correlation with changes in DNA methylation or H3K18ac, and only a weak association with changes in H3K9me3...
February 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426732/regulation-of-sesame-mediated-h3t11-phosphorylation-by-glycolytic-enzymes-and-metabolites
#9
Qi Yu, Chong Tong, Mingdan Luo, Xiangyan Xue, Qianyun Mei, Lixin Ma, Xiaolan Yu, Wuxiang Mao, Lingbao Kong, Xilan Yu, Shanshan Li
Cancer cells prefer aerobic glycolysis, but little is known about the underlying mechanism. Recent studies showed that the rate-limiting glycolytic enzymes, pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) directly phosphorylates H3 at threonine 11 (H3T11) to regulate gene expression and cell proliferation, revealing its non-metabolic functions in connecting glycolysis and histone modifications. We have reported that the yeast homolog of PKM2, Pyk1 phosphorylates H3T11 to regulate gene expression and oxidative stress resistance. But how glycolysis regulates H3T11 phosphorylation remains unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426042/antibodies-to-h2a-and-h2b-histones-from-the-sera-of-hiv-infected-patients-catalyze-site-specific-degradation-of-these-histones
#10
Svetlana V Baranova, Pavel S Dmitrienok, Nikita V Ivanisenko, Valentina N Buneva, Georgy A Nevinsky
Histones and their post-translational modifications have key roles in chromatin remodeling and gene transcription. Besides intranuclear functions, histones act as damage-associated molecules when they are released into the extracellular space. Administration of histones to animals leads to systemic inflammatory and toxic responses. Autoantibodies with enzymatic activities (abzymes) are distinctive features of some autoimmune and viral diseases. Electrophoretically homogeneous IgGs containing no canonical enzymes were isolated from the sera of HIV-infected patients by chromatography on several affinity sorbents including anti-histone Sepharose...
April 20, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425976/prenatal-exposure-to-a-maternal-high-fat-diet-affects-histone-modification-of-cardiometabolic-genes-in-newborn-rats
#11
Bijaya Upadhyaya, Tricia Larsen, Shivon Barwari, Eli J Louwagie, Michelle L Baack, Moul Dey
Infants born to women with diabetes or obesity are exposed to excess circulating fuels during fetal heart development and are at higher risk of cardiac diseases. We have previously shown that late-gestation diabetes, especially in conjunction with a maternal high-fat (HF) diet, impairs cardiac functions in rat-offspring. This study investigated changes in genome-wide histone modifications in newborn hearts from rat-pups exposed to maternal diabetes and HF-diet. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation-sequencing revealed a differential peak distribution on gene promoters in exposed pups with respect to acetylation of lysines 9 and 14 and to trimethylation of lysines 4 and 27 in histone H3 (all, false discovery rate, FDR < 0...
April 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424740/essential-role-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-de-novo-chromatin-modifications-the-genomic-address-code-hypothesis
#12
Ken Nishikawa, Akira R Kinjo
The epigenome, i.e., the whole of chromatin modifications, is transferred from mother to daughter cells during cell differentiation. When de novo chromatin modifications (establishment or erasure of, respectively, new or pre-existing DNA methylations and/or histone modifications) are made in a daughter cell, however, it has a different epigenome than its mother cell. Although de novo chromatin modification is an important event that comprises elementary processes of cell differentiation, its molecular mechanism remains poorly understood...
April 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424695/b-cell-tolerance-to-deiminated-histones-in-balb-c-c57bl-6-and-autoimmune-prone-mouse-strains
#13
Nishant Dwivedi, Annica Hedberg, Ying Yi Zheng, Indira Neeli, Minoru Satoh, Laurence Morel, Ole Petter Rekvig, Marko Radic
Deimination, a posttranslational modification of arginine to citrulline carried out by peptidylarginine deiminases, may compromise tolerance of self-antigens. Patients with connective tissue autoimmunity, particularly rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or Felty's syndrome, present with autoantibodies to deiminated histones (dH), which thus form a category of antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPA). In general, ACPA are a sensitive diagnostic for RA and may form in response to the release of nuclear chromatin (DNA plus dH) from granulocytes, usually referred to as neutrophil extracellular traps...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424352/chromatin-module-inference-on-cellular-trajectories-identifies-key-transition-points-and-poised-epigenetic-states-in-diverse-developmental-processes
#14
Sushmita Roy, Rupa Sridharan
Changes in chromatin state play important roles in cell fate transitions. Current computational approaches to analyze chromatin modifications across multiple cell types do not model how the cell types are related on a lineage or over time. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a method called CMINT (Chromatin Module INference on Trees), a probabilistic clustering approach to systematically capture chromatin state dynamics across multiple cell types. Compared to existing approaches, CMINT can handle complex lineage topologies, capture higher quality clusters, and reliably detect chromatin transitions between cell types...
April 19, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421257/histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-reverse-age-related-increases-in-side-effects-of-haloperidol-in-mice
#15
Janitza L Montalvo-Ortiz, Daniel W Fisher, Guadalupe Rodríguez, Deyu Fang, John G Csernansky, Hongxin Dong
BACKGROUND: Older patients can be especially susceptible to antipsychotic-induced side effects, and the pharmacodynamic mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unclear. We hypothesized that age-related epigenetic alterations lead to decreased expression and functionality of the dopamine D2 receptor (D2R), contributing to this susceptibility. METHODS: In this study, we treated young (2-3 months old) and aged (22-24 months old) C57BL/6 mice with the D2R antagonist haloperidol (HAL) once a day for 14 days to evaluate HAL-induced motor side effects...
April 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420606/epigenetic-regulation-and-related-diseases-during-placental-development
#16
Liu Fulin, Zhou Jin, Zhang Wei, Wang Hui
The placenta is vital to fetal growth and development, as it bridges the fetus and the mother. Genome-wide epigenetic regulations (e.g., DNA methylation, histone modifications, non-coding RNAs) participate in many aspects of placenta development, including decidua of the uterus, trophoblast cell adhesion and invasion, angiogenesis and placental imprinted gene expression. Environmental factors during pregnancy, such as heavy metals, chemical compounds, modern assisted reproductive technology and the nutrient conditions, may cause abnormal placental epigenetics...
April 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420141/coordinated-actions-of-micrornas-with-other-epigenetic-factors-regulate-skeletal-muscle-development-and-adaptation
#17
REVIEW
Marzia Bianchi, Alessandra Renzini, Sergio Adamo, Viviana Moresi
Epigenetics plays a pivotal role in regulating gene expression in development, in response to cellular stress or in disease states, in virtually all cell types. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNA molecules that mediate RNA silencing and regulate gene expression. miRNAs were discovered in 1993 and have been extensively studied ever since. They can be expressed in a tissue-specific manner and play a crucial role in tissue development and many biological processes. miRNAs are responsible for changes in the cell epigenome because of their ability to modulate gene expression post-transcriptionally...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419906/plant-hormone-signaling-in-flowering-an-epigenetic-point-of-view
#18
REVIEW
Gerardo Campos-Rivero, Pedro Osorio-Montalvo, Rafael Sánchez-Borges, Rosa Us-Camas, Fátima Duarte-Aké, Clelia De-la-Peña
Reproduction is one of the most important phases in an organism's lifecycle. In the case of angiosperm plants, flowering provides the major developmental transition from the vegetative to the reproductive stage, and requires genetic and epigenetic reprogramming to ensure the success of seed production. Flowering is regulated by a complex network of genes that integrate multiple environmental cues and endogenous signals so that flowering occurs at the right time; hormone regulation, signaling and homeostasis are very important in this process...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419090/the-co-existence-of-transcriptional-activator-and-transcriptional-repressor-mef2-complexes-influences-tumor-aggressiveness
#19
Eros Di Giorgio, Elisa Franforte, Sebastiano Cefalù, Sabrina Rossi, Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, Monica Brenca, Maurizio Polano, Roberta Maestro, Harikrishnareddy Paluvai, Raffaella Picco, Claudio Brancolini
The contribution of MEF2 TFs to the tumorigenic process is still mysterious. Here we clarify that MEF2 can support both pro-oncogenic or tumor suppressive activities depending on the interaction with co-activators or co-repressors partners. Through these interactions MEF2 supervise histone modifications associated with gene activation/repression, such as H3K4 methylation and H3K27 acetylation. Critical switches for the generation of a MEF2 repressive environment are class IIa HDACs. In leiomyosarcomas (LMS), this two-faced trait of MEF2 is relevant for tumor aggressiveness...
April 18, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418019/live-imaging-of-h3k9-acetylation-in-plant-cells
#20
Kazuki Kurita, Takuya Sakamoto, Noriyoshi Yagi, Yuki Sakamoto, Akihiro Ito, Norikazu Nishino, Kaori Sako, Minoru Yoshida, Hiroshi Kimura, Motoaki Seki, Sachihiro Matsunaga
Proper regulation of histone acetylation is important in development and cellular responses to environmental stimuli. However, the dynamics of histone acetylation at the single-cell level remains poorly understood. Here we established a transgenic plant cell line to track histone H3 lysine 9 acetylation (H3K9ac) with a modification-specific intracellular antibody (mintbody). The H3K9ac-specific mintbody fused to the enhanced green fluorescent protein (H3K9ac-mintbody-GFP) was introduced into tobacco BY-2 cells...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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