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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649273/high-burden-of-malaria-and-anemia-among-tribal-pregnant-women-in-a-chronic-conflict-corridor-in-india
#1
Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet, Petros Isaakidis
BACKGROUND: With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are affected by malaria and by an on-going chronic conflict which seriously limits access to health care. The burden of malaria and anemia among pregnant women in these areas is unknown; moreover there are no specific recommendations for pregnant women in the Indian national malaria policy...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648573/personalized-treatment-with-immunoadsorption-and-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-a-case-of-severe-rh-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy-unresponsive-to-plasma-exchange
#2
Anna Colpo, Tiziana Tison, Maria Teresa Gervasi, Cinzia Vio, Maria Vicarioto, Giustina De Silvestro, Piero Marson
INTRODUCTION: Despite prophylaxis, a small proportion of RhD-negative women may develop anti-D antibodies after a sensitizing event occurring during pregnancy or delivery of a D-positive baby. Intrauterine transfusion (IUT) is the treatment of choice in case of fetal anemia, but it cannot be performed early during pregnancy. Combined treatment with therapeutic plasma-exchange (TPE) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) can avoid or delay IUT. Immunoadsorption (IA) could represent a more effective treatment in selected cases...
June 6, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639307/anti-d-in-a-mother-hemizygous-for-the-variant-rhd-dnb-gene-associated-with-hemolytic-disease-of-the-fetus-and-newborn
#3
Kelli M Quantock, Genghis H Lopez, Catherine A Hyland, Yew-Wah Liew, Robert L Flower, Frans J Niemann, Arthur Joyce
BACKGROUND: Individuals with the partial D phenotype when exposed to D+ red blood cells (RBCs) carrying the epitopes they lack may develop anti-D specific for the missing epitopes. DNB is the most common partial D in Caucasians and the clinical significance for anti-D in these individuals is unknown. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This article describes the serologic genotyping results and clinical manifestations in two group D+ babies of a mother presenting as group O, D+ with alloanti-D...
June 21, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634546/low-hemoglobin-among-pregnant-women-in-midwives-practice-of-primary-health-care-jatinangor-indonesia-iron-deficiency-anemia-or-%C3%AE-thalassemia-trait
#4
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625014/comparison-in-executive-function-in-chinese-preterm-and-full-term-infants-at-eight-months
#5
Yao Feng, Hong Zhou, Yan Zhang, Anthony Perkins, Yan Wang, Jing Sun
Executive function (EF) is increasingly recognized as being responsible for adverse developmental outcomes in preterm-born infants. Several perinatal factors may lead to poor EF development in infancy, and the deficits in EF can be identified in infants as young as eight months. A prospective cohort study was designed to study the EF in Chinese preterm infants and examine the relationship between EF in preterm infants and maternal factors during perinatal period. A total of 88 preterm infants and 88 full-term infants were followed from birth to eight months (corrected age)...
June 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#6
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620416/antiphospholipid-syndrome-multiple-manifestations-in-a-single-patient-a-high-suspicion-is-still-needed
#7
Uroosa Ibrahim, Shiksha Kedia, Gwenalyn Garcia, Jean Paul Atallah
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder with clinical and laboratory features of vascular thrombosis, pregnancy loss, and persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs). The pathophysiology is thought to involve the activation of endothelial cells, monocytes, platelets, and complement by aPLs. Disease can range from asymptomatic to rapidly fatal catastrophic APS. We present a case of a 34-year-old male referred for pancytopenia and splenomegaly. On examination, he had decreased sensation and 4/5 power in the left upper extremity...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619185/high-prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-rls-wed-among-people-living-at-high-altitude-in-the-indian-himalaya
#8
Ravi Gupta, Jan Ulfberg, Richard P Allen, Deepak Goel
BACKGROUND: At high altitude, prevalence of restless legs syndrome has been found to be greater than expected in small population-based studies, which did not use validated tools for identification of RLS. However, it is not known as to whether this increased prevalence is associated with altitude or increased risk factors for RLS in these populations or errors in identification of RLS. METHOD: This population based, door-to-door study was conducted at low altitude (400 m above sea level) and high altitudes (1900-2000 m and 3200 m above sea level) using random stratified sampling in Himalayan and sub-Himalayan region of India...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609010/submicroscopic-malaria-infections-in-pregnant-women-from-six-departments-in-haiti
#9
Maha A Elbadry, Massimiliano S Tagliamonte, Christian P Raccurt, Jean F Lemoine, Alexandre Existe, Jacques Boncy, Thomas A Weppelman, John B Dame, Bernard A Okech
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of malaria in pregnancy in Haiti. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among pregnant women in 6 departments of Haiti. After obtaining informed consent, whole blood samples and demographic surveys were collected to investigate malaria prevalence, anemia and socio-behavioral risk factors for infection, respectively. 311 pregnant women were screened for Plasmodium falciparum infection using a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), microscopy, and a novel, quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction method (qRT-PCR)...
June 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604825/burden-and-impact-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-pregnancy-a-multi-centre-prospective-observational-study
#10
Azucena Bardají, Flor Ernestina Martínez-Espinosa, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Norma Padilla, Swati Kochar, Maria Ome-Kaius, Camila Bôtto-Menezes, María Eugenia Castellanos, Dhanpat Kumar Kochar, Sanjay Kumar Kochar, Inoni Betuela, Ivo Mueller, Stephen Rogerson, Chetan Chitnis, Dhiraj Hans, Michela Menegon, Carlo Severini, Hernando Del Portillo, Carlota Dobaño, Alfredo Mayor, Jaume Ordi, Mireia Piqueras, Sergi Sanz, Mats Wahlgren, Laurence Slutsker, Meghna Desai, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Despite that over 90 million pregnancies are at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection annually, little is known about the epidemiology and impact of the infection in pregnancy. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We undertook a health facility-based prospective observational study in pregnant women from Guatemala (GT), Colombia (CO), Brazil (BR), India (IN) and Papua New Guinea PNG). Malaria and anemia were determined during pregnancy and fetal outcomes assessed at delivery...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600054/prenatal-treatment-of-severe-fetal-hemolytic-disease-due-to-anti-m-alloimmunization-by-serial-intrauterine-transfusions
#11
Lin Li, Linhuan Huang, Guangping Luo, Yanmin Luo, Qun Fang
OBJECTIVE: Fetal hemolytic disease is a common cause of fetal hydrops and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite its relatively low frequency, the anti-M IgG antibody is one of the causes of severe fetal anemia and intrauterine death; only a few cases have been reported. CASE REPORT: This is a case of a pregnant woman with a history of three intrauterine deaths. A diagnosis of severe fetal anemia attributed to anti-M alloimmunization was confirmed in her fifth pregnancy...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593917/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pregnancy-at-term-risk-factors-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#12
Chui Ling Lee, Beng Kwang Ng, Loo Ling Wu, Fook Choe Cheah, Hanita Othman, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail
Background Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is a worldwide epidemic. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, its predictive factors and the association with pregnancy outcomes. Materials and methods This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary teaching hospital over 2-years' duration from August 2013 to August 2015. A total of 680 women who completed 37 weeks of pregnancy were recruited. Results Five hundred and seventy-five patients were enrolled in the final analysis for pregnancy outcomes (response rate of 84...
May 26, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593773/-hellp-syndrome-requiring-therapeutic-plasma-exchange-due-to-progression-to-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-with-predominant-encephalopathy-respiratory-and-renal-insufficiency
#13
M Trávniková, J Gumulec, Z Kořístek, M Navrátil, M Janáč, J Pelková, P Šuráň, E Doležálková, O Šimetka
OBJECTIVE: Case report of woman with twin pregnancy complicated by HELLP syndrome which progressed to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with predominant encephalopathy, renal and respiratory insufficiency with the need to perform repeated therapeutic plasma exchange. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of gynecology and obstetrics, University Hospital in Ostrava; Departmet of hematooncology, University Hospital in Ostrava; Department of gynecology and obstetrics, Vsetín hospital; Department of hematology and transfusion, Vsetín Hospital...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593771/-rare-forms-of-feto-fetal-transfusion-in-a-clinical-practice
#14
H Kováčová, D Matura, O Šimetka, J Pannová, P Delongová
OBJECTIVE: To analyze monochorionic twin pregnancies with twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) and acute peripartal twin to twin syndrome (aTTTS), to compare their prenatal management and perinatal outcome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of monochorionic biamniotic twin pregnancies without signs of chronic TTTS within a period 10/2010 to 10/2013. Further selection of cases with haemoglobin difference in neonates greater than 50 g/l was made, type of feto-fetal haemorrhage was determined and their prenatal and postnatal characteristics were described...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584742/antepartum-hemorrhage-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#15
Idris Usman Takai, Badia Maje Sayyadi, Hadiza Shehu Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality globally, particularly in the developing world like ours. Prevention, early detection, and prompt management cannot be overemphasized to significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. OBJECTIVES: The study is aimed at determining the prevalence, etiology, sociodemographic characteristics, and the fetomaternal outcome of pregnancies complicated by APH in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580444/maternal-anemia-during-pregnancy-and-infant-low-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shoboo Rahmati, Ali Delpishe, Milad Azami, Mohammed Reza Hafezi Ahmadi, Kurosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Infant low birth weight is one of the major problems in different societies. Different reports have provided different results regarding the relationship between maternal anemia and infant low birth weight in different months of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and infant low birth weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted using related keywords in national (Sid, Iran...
March 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578174/maternal-marijuana-use-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-neonatal-morbidity
#17
Torri D Metz, Amanda A Allshouse, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Robert L Goldenberg, Donald J Dudley, Michael W Varner, Deborah L Conway, George R Saade, Robert M Silver
BACKGROUND: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network previously demonstrated an association between stillbirth and maternal marijuana use as defined by the presence of tetrahydrocannabinol in the umbilical cord homogenate. However, the relationship between marijuana use and perinatal complications in live births is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine if maternal marijuana use is associated with increased odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes and neonatal morbidity among live-born controls in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network cohort...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569432/plasma-folate-levels-and-associated-factors-in-women-planning-to-become-pregnant-in-a-population-with-high-prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects
#18
Rui Ma, Linlin Wang, Lei Jin, Zhiwen Li, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: Optimal blood folate levels of women before pregnancy are critical to the prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs). However, few studies have focused on blood folate levels of women planning to become pregnant. The aims of this study were to assess plasma folate levels in women who planned to become pregnant in a population with high prevalence of NTDs, to identify factors associated with plasma folate levels, and to evaluate the risk of NTDs at the population level. METHODS: A total of 2065 women were enrolled at the time of premarital health check-up in two rural counties in northern China from November 2009 to December 2012...
June 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569134/incidence-and-outcome-of-severe-ante-partum-hemorrhage-at-the-teaching-hospital-yalgado-ou%C3%A3-draogo-in-burkina-faso
#19
Martin Lankoande, Papougnezambo Bonkoungou, Sosthène Ouandaogo, Marcelin Dayamba, Ali Ouedraogo, Francis Veyckmans, Nazinigouba Ouédraogo
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the main cause of maternal death during pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate incidence and outcomes of Severe Ante Partum Hemorrhage (SAPH) during the third trimester of pregnancy prior to delivery. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study with prospective data collection during 12 months in Yalgado Ouedraogo Hospital, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. In this context SAPH is specifically referring to Ante Partum Hemorrhage (APH) and Intra Partum Hemorrhage (IPH) in the 3rd trimester...
May 31, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567318/hemolysis-elevated-liver-enzymes-and-low-platelets-severe-fetal-growth-restriction-postpartum-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-craniotomy-a-rare-case-report-and-systematic-review
#20
Shadi Rezai, Justin Faye, Alexander Hughes, Mon-Lai Cheung, Joel R Cohen, Judy A Kaia, Paul N Fuller, Cassandra E Henderson
Introduction. Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome is a relatively uncommon but traumatic condition occurring in the later stage of pregnancy as a complication of severe preeclampsia or eclampsia. Prompt brain computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a multidisciplinary management approach are required to improve perinatal outcome. Case. A 37-year-old, Gravida 6, Para 1-0-4-1, Hispanic female with a history of chronic hypertension presented at 26 weeks and 6 days of gestational age...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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