keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Uterine metabolism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439056/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-treatment-for-the-malignant-tumors-in-women-and-bone-calcium-metabolism
#1
Noriko Kobayashi
In the malignant tumors in women, uterine cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, and breast cancer are representative diseases. The cancer treatment is classified roughly into an operation, medical treatment, and radiation therapy and has an extremely big influence on ovarian function. With the improvement in survival of cancer patients, the importance of the health care for the cancer survivors increases. It is necessary to prevent the onset of the osteoporotic fractures to maintain QOL. This paper describes the action that the malignant tumors of the women affect bone metabolism mainly from the viewpoint of ovarian function...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428364/role-of-oestrogen-receptor-signaling-in-skeletal-response-to-leptin-in-female-ob-ob-mice
#2
Russell T Turner, Kenneth A Philbrick, Amida Kuah, Adam J Branscum, Urszula T Iwaniec
Leptin, critical in regulation of energy metabolism, is also important for normal bone growth, maturation and turnover. Compared to wild type (WT) mice, bone mass is lower in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice; osteopenia in growing ob/ob mice is due to decreased bone accrual, and is associated with reduced longitudinal bone growth, impaired cancellous bone maturation and increased marrow adipose tissue (MAT). However, leptin deficiency also results in gonadal dysfunction, disrupting production of gonadal hormones which regulate bone growth and turnover...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423698/parameters-of-simultaneous-18f-fdg-pet-mri-predict-tumor-stage-and-several-histopathological-features-in-uterine-cervical-cancer
#3
Alexey Surov, Hans Jonas Meyer, Stefan Schob, Anne-Kathrin Höhn, Kristina Bremicker, Marc Exner, Patrick Stumpp, Sandra Purz
The purpose of this study was to analyze associations between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and standardized uptake values (SUV) values and different histopathological parameters in uterine cervical cancer. 21 patients with primary uterine cervical cancer were involved into the study. All patients underwent a whole body simultaneous18F-FDG PET/MRI. Mean and maximum SUV were noted (SUVmean and SUVmax). In all tumors minimal, mean, and maximal ADC values (ADCmin, ADCmean, and ADCmax) were estimated. Combined parameters were calculated: SUVmax/SUVmean, ADCmin/ ADCmean, SUVmax/ADCmin and SUVmax/ADCmean...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395335/role-of-stro1-cd44-stem-cells-in-myometrial-physiology-and-uterine-remodeling-during-pregnancy%C3%A2
#4
Aymara Mas, Lauren Prusinski, Qiwei Yang, Patricia Diaz-Gimeno, Lelyand Stone, Michael P Diamond, Carlos Simón, Ayman Al-Hendy
Regulation of myometrial functions during pregnancy has been considered the result of the integration of endocrine and mechanical signals. Nevertheless, uterine regeneration is poorly understood, and the cellular source within the gravid uterus is largely unexplored.In this study, we isolated and quantified the myometrial stem cells (MSC) population from pregnant female Eker rat uteri, by using Stro1/CD44 surface markers. We demonstrated that prior parity significantly increased the percentage of Stro1+/CD44+ MSC because of injured tissue response...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389056/effects-of-adipokines-and-obesity-on-uterine-contractility
#5
REVIEW
Henri Azaïs, Audrey Leroy, Louise Ghesquiere, Philippe Deruelle, Sandy Hanssens
Obesity is a major public health problem. The prevalence of obesity has significantly increased in developed countries, particularly in France with an overall increase of 76% over the last 15 years. In pregnant women, obesity is associated with alterations in the quality of labor, such as delayed onset of labor, a higher rate of prolonged pregnancies, prolonged labor, and higher oxytocin requirements. There is also an increased prevalence of Cesarean sections, particularly during the active phase of labor, and perinatal complications (postpartum hemorrhage)...
January 13, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339573/augmented-h2s-production-via-cystathionine-beta-synthase-upregulation-plays-a-role-in-pregnancy-associated-uterine-vasodilation%C3%A2
#6
Lili Sheibani, Thomas J Lechuga, Honghai Zhang, Afshan Hameed, Deborah A Wing, Sathish Kumar, Charles R Rosenfeld, Dong-Bao Chen
Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) synthesized via metabolizing L-cysteine by cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) is a potent vasodilator and angiogenic factor. The objectives of this study were to determine if human uterine artery (UA) H2S production increases with augmented expression and/or activity of CBS and/or CSE during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy and whether exogenous H2S dilates UA. Uterine arteries from nonpregnant (NP) premenopausal proliferative (pPRM) and secretory (sPRM) phases of the menstrual cycle and pregnant (P) women were studied...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336389/metformin-ameliorates-uterine-defects-in-a-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Yuehui Zhang, Min Hu, Fanci Meng, Xiaoyan Sun, Hongfei Xu, Jiao Zhang, Peng Cui, Njomeza Morina, Xin Li, Wei Li, Xiao-Ke Wu, Mats Brännström, Ruijin Shao, Håkan Billig
Adult rats treated concomitantly with insulin and human chorionic gonadotropin exhibit endocrine, metabolic, and reproductive abnormalities that are very similar to those observed in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. In this study, we used this rat model to assess the effects of metformin on PCOS-related uterine dysfunction. In addition to reducing androgen levels, improving insulin sensitivity, and correcting the reproductive cycle, metformin treatment induced morphological changes in the PCOS-like uterus...
March 18, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335821/differential-gene-expression-profiling-of-endometrium-during-the-mid-luteal-phase-of-the-estrous-cycle-between-a-repeat-breeder-rb-and-non-rb-cows
#8
Ken-Go Hayashi, Misa Hosoe, Keiichiro Kizaki, Shiori Fujii, Hiroko Kanahara, Toru Takahashi, Ryosuke Sakumoto
BACKGROUND: Repeat breeding directly affects reproductive efficiency in cattle due to an increase in services per conception and calving interval. This study aimed to investigate whether changes in endometrial gene expression profile are involved in repeat breeding in cows. Differential gene expression profiles of the endometrium were investigated during the mid-luteal phase of the estrous cycle between repeat breeder (RB) and non-RB cows using microarray analysis. METHODS: The caruncular (CAR) and intercaruncular (ICAR) endometrium of both ipsilateral and contralateral uterine horns to the corpus luteum were collected from RB (inseminated at least three times but not pregnant) and non-RB cows on Day 15 of the estrous cycle (4 cows/group)...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333263/loss-of-luteotropic-prostaglandin-e-plays-an-important-role-in-the-regulation-of-luteolysis-in-women
#9
Junko Nio-Kobayashi, Masataka Kudo, Noriaki Sakuragi, Toshihiko Iwanaga, W Colin Duncan
STUDY QUESTION: Do intraluteal prostaglandins (PG) contribute to luteal regulation in women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prostaglandin E (PGE), which is produced in human granulosa-lutein cells stimulated with luteotropic hCG, exerts similar luteotropic effects to hCG, and the expression of PG synthetic and metabolic enzymes in the human CL is driven toward less PGE but more prostaglandin F (PGF) during luteolysis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Uterine PGF is a major luteolysin in many non-primate species but not in women...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324053/hepatic-insulin-resistance-and-altered-gluconeogenic-pathway-in-premature-baboons
#10
Lisa McGill-Vargas, Amalia Gastaldelli, Hanyu Liang, Diana Anzueto Guerra, Teresa Johnson-Pais, Steven Seidner, Donald McCurnin, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Ralph DeFronzo, Nicolas Musi, Cynthia Blanco
Premature infants have altered glucose regulation early in life and increased risk for diabetes in adulthood. Although prematurity leads to an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adult life, the role of hepatic glucose regulation and adaptation to an early extra-uterine environment in preterm infants remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental differences in glucose metabolism, hepatic protein content and gene expression of key insulin signaling/gluconeogenic molecules...
January 17, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301988/the-influence-of-lipid-and-proinflammatory-status-on-maternal-uterine-blood-flow-in-women-with-late-onset-gestational-diabetes
#11
Fernando Bugatto, Rocío Quintero-Prado, Francisco M Visiedo, José M Vilar-Sánchez, Alejandro Figueroa-Quiñones, Cristina López-Tinoco, Rafael Torrejón, José L Bartha
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased proinflammatory cytokines and is also associated with adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes later in life. We aim to evaluate the relationships between uterine arteries vascularization and endothelial dysfunction markers, proinflammatory cytokines, and glycemic and lipid profile in women with GDM. METHODS: Fifty pregnant women were recruited at the third trimester of pregnancy for a prospective cohort study...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285017/effects-of-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-agonist-3-methylcholanthrene-on-the-17%C3%AE-estradiol-regulated-mrna-transcriptome-of-the-rat-uterus
#12
Janina Helle, Annekathrin M Keiler, Oliver Zierau, Peggy Dörfelt, Günter Vollmer, Leane Lehmann, Sridar V Chittur, Martin Tenniswood, JoEllen Welsh, Georg Kretzschmar
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are products of incomplete combustion of organic compounds, abundant in exhaust fumes and cigarette smoke. They act by binding to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) which induces expression of phase 1 and phase 2 enzymes in the liver. PAH induced AHR activation may also lead to adverse effects by modulating other pathways, for example estrogen receptor (ER) signaling in the female reproductive tract. We have investigated the effects of the PAH 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) on 17β-estradiol (E2) dependent signaling in the uterus of ovariectomized rats to characterize the cross talk between AHR and ER on an mRNA transcriptome wide scale...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245787/maternal-nutrition-modulates-fetal-development-by-inducing-placental-efficiency-changes-in-gilts
#13
Long Che, ZhenGuo Yang, MengMeng Xu, ShengYu Xu, LianQiang Che, Yan Lin, ZhengFeng Fang, Bin Feng, Jian Li, DaiWen Chen, De Wu
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal overgrowth increase risks to postnatal health. Maternal nutrition is the major intrauterine environmental factor that alters fetal weight. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of maternal nutrition on fetal development are not entirely clear. We developed a pig model, and using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ), we investigated alterations in the placental proteome of gilts on a normal-energy-intake (Con) and high-energy-intake (HE) diet...
February 28, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242988/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-scan-in-an-unusual-case-of-lymphoma-with-secondary-involvement-of-uterine-cervix-presenting-as-a-pathological-fracture
#14
Arun Sasikumar, Ajith Joy, M R A Pillai, Boben Thomas
A 48-year-old female presented with a pathological fracture of the right femur. (99m)Tc methylene diphosphonate bone scan revealed multiple areas of increased osteoblastic activity consistent with metastatic disease. Serum electrophoresis revealed monoclonal gammopathy. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) scan revealed metabolically active lesions in bulky uterine cervix and osteolytic skeletal lesions. Unusual pattern of FDG uptake in uterine cervix and osteolytic skeletal lesions warranted a biopsy of the uterine cervix which revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241734/tetragonia-tetragonioides-pall-kuntze-protects-estrogen-deficient-rats-against-disturbances-of-energy-and-glucose-metabolism-and-decreases-proinflammatory-cytokines
#15
Jin Ah Ryuk, Byoung-Seob Ko, Hye Won Lee, Da Sol Kim, Suna Kang, Yong Hyen Lee, Sunmin Park
Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze (TTK) and JakYakGamCho-Tang (JGT) have been used for improving women's health and treating inflammatory diseases. We determined that the long-term consumption of these herbal extracts alleviates the progression of postmenopausal symptoms in high-fat-diet fed ovariectomized (OVX) rats, and further explored the mechanisms involved. Five groups of OVX rats were fed high fat diets that were supplemented with either 2% dextrin (control), 2% TTK (70% ethanol extract), 2% JGT (water extract), 1% JGT + 1% TTK (JGTT), or 30 µg/kg body weight/day of 17β-estradiol (positive control)...
March 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215890/effect-of-oral-calcium-administration-on-the-cure-and-reproductive-performance-of-holstein-cows-diagnosed-with-puerperal-metritis
#16
Pablo Pinedo, Juan Velez, Gilberto Solano, Nelson Rodriguez, Julianne Naves, Gustavo M Schuenemann, Carlos Risco
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of oral calcium administration on clinical cure, survival, subsequent presentation of peripartal health disorders, and reproductive performance of Holstein cows diagnosed with puerperal metritis (PM) under certified organic management. A second objective was to evaluate the metabolic status at calving and at the time of PM diagnosis (d 0) in affected and matched healthy cows. Cows diagnosed with PM (n = 200) were assigned randomly to receive 1 of 2 treatments: (1) control received 3...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161095/environmental-obesogen-tributyltin-chloride-leads-to-abnormal-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis-function-by-disruption-in-kisspeptin-leptin-signaling-in-female-rats
#17
Gabriela C Sena, Leandro C Freitas-Lima, Eduardo Merlo, Priscila L Podratz, Julia F P de Araújo, Poliane A A Brandão, Maria T W D Carneiro, Marina C Zicker, Adaliene V M Ferreira, Christina M Takiya, Carolina M de Lemos Barbosa, Marcelo M Morales, Ana Paula Santos-Silva, Leandro Miranda-Alves, Ian V Silva, Jones B Graceli
Tributyltin chloride (TBT) is a xenobiotic used as a biocide in antifouling paints that has been demonstrated to induce endocrine-disrupting effects, such as obesity and reproductive abnormalities. An integrative metabolic control in the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis was exerted by leptin. However, studies that have investigated the obesogenic TBT effects on the HPG axis are especially rare. We investigated whether metabolic disorders as a result of TBT are correlated with abnormal hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis function, as well as kisspeptin (Kiss) action...
March 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143994/intra-uterine-growth-retardation-and-development-of-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Haerani Rasyid, Syakib Bakri
Low birth weight (LBW) is defined as a birth weight of a liveborn infant of <2,500 gram. In developed countries, LBW is commonly caused by preterm birth; while in developing countries, it is mostly due to intrauterine growth retardation. The concept of developmental origins of adult diseases, particularly on late-onset diseases such as hypertension and kidney disease, implies that there is a correlation between intrauterine milieu, intrauterine growth retardation, premature birth and infant feeding. The 'fetal origin hypothesis' suggests that metabolic diseases are directly related to poor nutritional status in early life...
October 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128050/patterns-of-biomarkers-in-cord-blood-during-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia
#19
Simmi Kharb, Smiti Nanda
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is in contact with all the fetal tissues and can reflect the state of fetus and UCB can be compared with maternal blood. Inflammatory, metabolic and immunological disorders during pregnancy can affect the environment in which the fetus is developing and may produce various alterations. OBJECTIVE: To analyze different biochemical parameters in maternal venous blood and new born umbilical cord blood from healthy normotensive pregnant and preeclamptic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Homocysteine, folate, B12, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), endoglin, leptin, cholinesterase, IGF-1, Apo A, lipoproteins, TSH, fT3, fT4 were analyzed in maternal sera and venous umbilical cord sera of newborns of twenty five preeclamptics (group II) and twenty five normotensive pregnant women (group I)...
January 25, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122481/preperitoneal-fat-thicknesses-lipid-profile-and-oxidative-status-in-women-with-uterine-fibroids
#20
Arianna Vignini, Jacopo Sabbatinelli, Nicolò Clemente, Giovanni Delli Carpini, Marta Tassetti, Giulia Zagaglia, Andrea Ciavattini
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence supporting a possible role for metabolic syndrome and its determinants, such as dyslipidemia, in uterine fibroid (UF) pathogenesis. The present study aims to investigate the association between UFs and visceral and subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT), lipid profile, and oxidative and antioxidative status. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 35 patients diagnosed with UFs and 15 women without UFs were enrolled. Clinical history and anthropometric parameters were collected for every woman...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
keyword
keyword
69906
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"