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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538926/students-health-an-integrative-review-on-family-and-bullying
#1
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Julliane Messias Cordeiro Sampaio, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Bullying is a public health problem and this integrative review's aim was to assess the relationship between family context and the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Its original contribution is to broadly address this type of violence. The SPIDER strategy was used to develop the study, which was guided by the question: what is the role of the family in the development, perpetuation and prevention of bullying? The following databases were searched: PsycInfo and Lilacs, and the SciELO Virtual Library using the descriptors 1...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538923/policy-of-labor-management-and-health-education-a-progesus-experience
#2
Carinne Magnago, Celia Regina Pierantoni, Tania França, Swheelen de Paula Vieira, Rômulo Gonçalves de Miranda, Dayane Nunes Nascimento
Aim: To evaluate the stage of labor management and education policies in municipal and state health secretariats (SMS and SES, respectively), having as reference the adherence to a qualification and structuring program of work management and education in the Unified Health System. Method: A descriptive and quantitative study, developed with 519 representatives from the Human Resources (HR) area of SMS and SES, through a survey composed of 56 questions, via a computer-assisted telephone interview in 2012...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538869/potential-mechanisms-linking-probiotics-to-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
Maryam Miraghajani, Somayeh Shahraki Dehsoukhteh, Nahid Rafie, Sahar Golpour Hamedani, Sima Sabihi, Reza Ghiasvand
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Some studies have suggested a wide range of possible mechanisms through which probiotics may play a role in diabetes prevention and treatment. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We conducted this study to review the potential mechanisms suggested for the effect of probiotics in diabetes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review conducted at the Food Security Research Center of Isfahan. METHODS: A search in the electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Google scholar was performed up to October 2016...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538868/comparative-analysis-of-death-by-suicide-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states-descriptive-cross-sectional-time-series-study
#4
Alexander Abuabara, Allan Abuabara, Carin Albino Luçolli Tonchuk
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recognizes suicide as a public health priority. Increased knowledge of suicide risk factors is needed in order to be able to adopt effective prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the association between the Gini coefficient (which is used to measure inequality) and suicide death rates over a 14-year period (2000-2013) in Brazil and in the United States (US). The hypothesis put forward was that reduction of income inequality is accompanied by reduction of suicide rates...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538813/mechanisms-of-endothelial-protection-by-natural-bioactive-compounds-from-fruit-and-vegetables
#5
Bernardita Monsalve, Anibal Concha-Meyer, Iván Palomo, Eduardo Fuentes
The endothelium is fundamental for the regulation of vascular tone and structure. Under disease conditions, including the presence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, the endothelium loses its protective role and becomes a proatherosclerotic structure. In this article we searched for strategies from PUBMED and Science Direct databases using the following key words: endothelium, natural bioactive compounds, polyphenols and cardiovascular diseases. The search was restricted to english language papers. Studies have identified the contribution of diet to the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases...
May 22, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538811/patient-survival-and-risk-of-death-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#6
Sonia Faria Mendes Braga, Mirian Carvalho de Souza, Raphael Romie de Oliveira, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the probability of specific survival and factors associated with the risk of death of patients with prostate cancer who received outpatient cancer treatment in the Brazilian Unified Health System, Brazil. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using the National Database of Oncology, developed through the deterministic-probabilistic pairing of health information systems: outpatient (SIA), hospital (SIH) and mortality (SIM). The probability of overall and specific survival was estimated by the time elapsed between the date of the first ambulatory treatment, from 2002 to 2003, until the patient's death or the end of the study...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538778/estimated-rates-of-recurrence-cure-and-treatment-abandonment-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-treated-with-a-four-drug-fixed-dose-combination-regimen-at-a-tertiary-health-care-facility-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#7
Vangie Dias da Silva, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Sonia Catarina de Abreu Figueiredo
Objective: To estimate the rates of recurrence, cure, and treatment abandonment in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis treated with a four-drug fixed-dose combination (FDC) regimen, as well as to evaluate possible associated factors. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study involving 208 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis enrolled in the Hospital Tuberculosis Control Program at the Institute for Thoracic Diseases, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538643/immature-patients-in-a-mature-system-regional-analysis-of-florida-s-pediatric-trauma-system
#8
Christopher W Snyder, Nicole M Chandler, Cristen N Litz, Etienne E Pracht, Paul D Danielson, David J Ciesla
BACKGROUND: The state of Florida's trauma system is organized into seven regions, two of which lack designated pediatric trauma centers. Injured children residing in these regions often require transfer out of their home region for definitive care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the current regionalization approach, focusing on variations between regions. METHODS: Using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration database, we identified all trauma patients 15 years old or younger admitted between 2009 and 2014...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538638/perioperative-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-the-risk-of-anastomotic-failure-in-emergency-general-surgery
#9
Nadeem N Haddad, Brandon R Bruns, Toby M Enniss, David Turay, Joseph V Sakran, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Kristen Arnold, Jason S Murry, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew Hernandez, Margaret H Lauerman, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. NSAID administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal anastomotic failure in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multi-institutional prospectively collected database was performed...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538603/a-systematic-review-of-the-exercise-effect-on-bone-health-the-importance-of-assessing-mechanical-loading-in-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#10
Borja Sañudo, Moisés de Hoyo, Jesús Del Pozo-Cruz, Luis Carrasco, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Sergio Tejero, Elwyn Firth
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic review were to determine the general effects of exercise on areal bone mineral density (BMD) in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, and to provide information on the most suitable bone-loading exercise regimens that may improve bone health in this population group. METHODS: A computerized, systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and The Cochrane Library, from January 2005 to November 2015, to identify all randomized controlled trials related to exercise in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women...
May 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538597/surgical-management-of-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-a-systematic-review
#11
Nicole Williams, Peter Cundy, Deborah Eastwood
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review OBJECTIVE.: To determine the indications and outcomes for surgical treatment of thoracolumbar kyphosis in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in order to define future studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Improvements in the medical treatment of MPS have increased lifespan and improved quality of life for many patients, but with no effect on thoracolumbar kyphosis. A greater number of these challenging patients may now be considered spinal surgical candidates...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538595/after-posterior-fusions-for-adult-spinal-deformity-operative-time-is-more-predictive-of-perioperative-morbidity-rather-than-surgical-invasiveness-a-need-for-speed
#12
Andre M Samuel, Michael C Fu, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Han Jo Kim, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the independent effects of operative time and surgical invasiveness on perioperative outcomes after posterior spinal fusions for adult spinal deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Morbidity is high after posterior fusions for adult spinal deformity. While previous reports have demonstrated an association between perioperative outcomes and the extent of correction and fusion (number of posterior levels fused, pelvic fixation, combined anterior-posterior fusion), no study has looked at the independent effects of the surgical invasiveness after controlling for operative time...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538594/trends-in-patient-care-for-traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-the-united-states-a-national-inpatient-sample-study-of-the-correlations-with-patient-outcomes-from-2001-to-2012
#13
Christopher M Holland, Marcus D Mazur, Erica F Bisson, Meic H Schmidt, Andrew T Dailey
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database review OBJECTIVE.: To examine whether patient characteristics, distribution of care, and patient outcomes for spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States have changed between 2001 and 2012. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although patient outcomes after cranial injury are better at high-volume centers with specialized, multidisciplinary teams, similar assessments have not been done for spinal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the National and Nationwide Inpatient Samples for the years 2001, 2002, 2011, and 2012 to identify patients with spinal fracture with or without SCI...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538581/the-misconception-of-case-control-studies-in-the-plastic-surgery-literature-a-literature-audit
#14
Alexandra C Hatchell, Forough Farrokhyar, Matthew Choi
BACKGROUND: Case-control study designs are commonly used. However, many published case-control studies are not true case-controls and are in fact mislabeled. The purpose of this study was to identify all case-control studies published in the top three plastic surgery journals over the past 10 years, assess which were truly case-control studies, clarify the actual design of the articles, and address common misconceptions. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for case-control studies in the three highest-impact factor plastic surgery journals (2005 to 2015)...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538576/the-effects-of-motorcycle-helmet-legislation-on-craniomaxillofacial-injuries
#15
Nicholas S Adams, Patrick A Newbury, Mitchell G Eichhorn, Alan T Davis, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle helmet legislation has been a contentious topic for over a half-century. Benefits of helmet use in motorcycle trauma patients are well documented. In 2012, Michigan repealed its universal motorcycle helmet law in favor of a partial helmet law. The authors describe the early clinical effects on facial injuries throughout Michigan. METHODS: Retrospective data from the Michigan Trauma Quality Improvement Program trauma database were evaluated...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538575/the-management-of-trigonoscaphocephaly-as-a-result-of-combined-metopic-and-sagittal-synostosis
#16
Thomas D Dobbs, Omer Salahuddin, Jayaratnam Jayamohan, Peter Richards, Shailendra Magdum, Steven A Wall, David Johnson
BACKGROUND: The combination of sagittal and metopic synostosis is rare, resulting in a scaphocephalic shape, but with an absence of frontal bossing and therefore varying degrees of trigonocephaly and occipital prominence. Treatment is primarily surgical, with a combination of procedures to address both the scaphocephaly and trigonocephaly required involving multiple operations. The authors discuss their experience of treating combined trigonoscaphocephaly in a single-stage procedure and propose a management strategy based on the severity of the presenting deformity...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538545/comparing-health-care-resource-use-between-implant-and-autologous-reconstruction-of-the-irradiated-breast-a-national-claims-based-assessment
#17
Oluseyi Aliu, Lin Zhong, Matthew D Chetta, Erika D Sears, Tiffany Ballard, Jennifer F Waljee, Kevin C Chung, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: In the debate on reconstruction of the irradiated breast, there is little information on associated health care resource use. Nationwide data were used to examine health care resource use associated with implant and autologous reconstruction. It was hypothesized that failure rates would contribute the most to higher average cumulative cost with either reconstruction method. METHODS: From the 2009 to 2013 MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database, irradiated breast cancer patients who underwent implant or autologous reconstruction were selected...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538470/progression-of-unilateral-hearing-loss-in-children-with-and-without-ipsilateral-cochlear-nerve-canal-stenosis-a-hazard-analysis
#18
Patricia L Purcell, Justin R Shinn, Scott S Coggeshall, Grace Phillips, Angelisa Paladin, Kathleen C Y Sie, David L Horn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of hearing loss progression in each ear among children with unilateral hearing loss associated with ipsilateral bony cochlear nerve canal (BCNC) stenosis. SETTING: Tertiary pediatric referral center. PATIENTS: Children diagnosed with unilateral hearing loss who had undergone temporal bone computed tomography imaging and had at least 6 months of follow-up audiometric testing were identified from a prospective audiological database...
May 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538455/operative-fixation-for-clavicle-fractures-socioeconomic-differences-persist-despite-overall-population-increases-in-utilization
#19
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Russell F Warren, David M Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Clavicle fractures were traditionally treated conservatively, but recent evidence has shown improved outcomes with surgical management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the recent trends in operative treatment of clavicle fractures, and to analyze for patient related factors that may affect treatment strategy. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) California and Florida inpatient, outpatient, and the Emergency Department databases were used to identify all patients with clavicle fractures between 2005 and 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538440/neurologic-injury-in-adults-supported-with-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-failure-findings-from-the-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-database
#20
Roberto Lorusso, Sandro Gelsomino, Orlando Parise, Michele Di Mauro, Fabio Barili, Gijs Geskes, Enrico Vizzardi, Peter T Rycus, Raf Muellenbach, Thomas Mueller, Antonio Pesenti, Alain Combes, Giles Peek, Bjorn Frenckner, Matteo Di Nardo, Justyna Swol, Jos Maessen, Ravi R Thiagarajan
OBJECTIVES: To assess in-hospital neurologic (CNS) complications in adult patients undergoing veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization's data registry. SETTING: Data reported to Extracorporeal Life Support Organization from 350 international extracorporeal membrane oxygenation centers during 1992-2015. PATIENTS: Adults (≥ 18 yr old) supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure...
May 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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