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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651424/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-renal-scan-and-volumetric-assessment-of-the-kidney-before-and-after-partial-nephrectomy-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#1
Riccardo G Bertolo, Homayoun Zargar, Riccardo Autorino, Cristian Fiori, Jihad H Kaouk, Paul Russo, Robert H Thompson, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: The best method for assessing renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN) continues to be a matter of debate. Early studies evaluated kidney function by measuring serum creatinine (sCr) and/or the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), potentially underestimating the contribution of the contralateral kidney in masking alterations in renal function. Since then, researchers have studied the operated renal unit with the aid of nuclear renal scans (RS). However, taking into consideration the importance of the amount of renal parenchyma spared or sacrificed during PN, many novel methods have been proposed for determining kidney volume before and after PN...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651422/-meta-analysis-on-the-diagnostic-value-of-laser-doppler-imaging-for-burn-depth
#2
Y Huang, L Qiu, A L Mei, J X Li
Objective: To evaluate the value of laser Doppler imaging (LDI) in diagnosing deep or superficial partial-thickness burn wound with meta-analysis. Methods: Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library were searched using key words " burn, burns, burn depth, laser Doppler imaging, laser Doppler perfusion imaging, LDI, LDPI" , and Chinese Journals Full-text Database, Wanfang Database, VIP Database were searched using Chinese key words ",,,," to obtain the published trials of LDI in diagnosing deep or superficial partial-thickness burn wound from the establishment of each database to October 2015...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651409/-drug-susceptibility-test-guided-therapy-and-novel-empirical-quadruple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
Q Y Gou, R B Yu, R H Shi
Objective: To compare the efficacy and the risk of adverse effect of drug susceptibility test guided therapy and novel empirical quadruple therapy for Helicobacter (H.) pylori infection. Methods: Literature retrieval was conducted by using major databases. Related papers published up to June 2015 were considered eligible if they were randomized control trials comparing different pharmacological formulations for H. pylori infection and used in a network Meta-analysis and a single rate Meta-analysis to evaluate the relative and absolute rates of H...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651381/meta-barcoding-in-combination-with-palynological-inference-is-a-potent-diagnostic-marker-for-honey-floral-composition
#4
Rama Chandra Laha, Surajit De Mandal, Lalhmanghai Ralte, Laldinfeli Ralte, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Guruswami Gurusubramanian, Ramalingam Satishkumar, Raja Mugasimangalam, Nagesh Aswathnarayana Kuravadi
Identification of floral samples present in honey is important in order to determine the medicinal value, enhance the production of honey as well as to conserve the honey bees. Traditional approaches for studying pollen samples are based on microscopic observation which is laborious, time intensive and requires specialized palynological knowledge. Present study compares two composite honey metagenome collected from 20 samples in Mizoram, Northeast India using three gene loci- rbcL, matK and ITS2 that was sequenced using a next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform (Illumina Miseq)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651360/novel-reproductive-technologies-to-prevent-mitochondrial-disease
#5
Lyndsey Craven, Mao-Xing Tang, Gráinne S Gorman, Petra De Sutter, Björn Heindryckx
BACKGROUND: The use of nuclear transfer (NT) has been proposed as a novel reproductive treatment to overcome the transmission of maternally-inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Pathogenic mutations in mtDNA can cause a wide-spectrum of life-limiting disorders, collectively known as mtDNA disease, for which there are currently few effective treatments and no known cures. The many unique features of mtDNA make genetic counselling challenging for women harbouring pathogenic mtDNA mutations but reproductive options that involve medical intervention are available that will minimize the risk of mtDNA disease in their offspring...
June 23, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#6
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651292/acute-onset-neurological-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#7
Zita Ferraz, Joana Parra, Ana Luísa Areia, Elsa Vasco, Paulo Moura
Objectives To characterize the most common peripheral and central neurological disorders during pregnancy. Methods Original research and review of the literature on neurological complications during pregnancy. We searched for keywords related to the topic on different databases. Results Pregnancy involves physiological changes that can trigger peripheral neurological and/or central nervous system pathologies, which can sometimes be associated with hypertensive disorders. A definitive diagnosis of neurological disorders can be made according to the trimester of pregnancy and the clinical findings...
June 26, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651176/forensic-applications-of-direct-analysis-in-real-time-dart-coupled-to-q-orbitrap-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-in-situ-analysis-of-pigments-from-paint-evidence
#8
Tai-Hung Chen, Shu-Pao Wu
The accurate examination of paint fragments obtained from an accident, such as those obtained from vehicles involved in a hit-and-run case, is often critical in forensic investigations. However, organic pigments are typically minor components of automotive coatings, which makes discrimination difficult. In this study, direct analysis in real time coupled to Q-orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry (DART-MS) was employed to detect a wide range of common organic pigments in vehicle paints. Twelve common organic pigments used in vehicle paints, such as red, yellow, orange, and purple, were tested, and a database was constructed for future examinations of vehicle paint...
June 9, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651161/connexin-43-mediates-changes-in-protein-phosphorylation-in-hk-2-cells-during-chronic-cadmium-exposure
#9
Zehe Ge, Haipeng Diao, Maohui Yu, Xiaoli Ji, Qingping Liu, Xiuli Chang, Qing Wu
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is believed to play a role in the mechanisms of toxicity of many chemical species, include cadmium (Cd). In this study, human renal proximal tubule (HK-2) cells were exposed to Cd (1μM, 10 days). Of the 584 protein residues detected using a Phospho Explorer antibody microarray (PEX100), more than half changed their levels of phosphorylation after chronic Cd exposure. Cx43 siRNA attenuated Cd-induced apoptosis and inhibited proliferation, while also attenuating changes in the levels of phosphorylation of many protein residues...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651106/computer-based-speech-therapy-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Lisa Furlong, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: With the current worldwide workforce shortage of Speech-Language Pathologists, new and innovative ways of delivering therapy to children with speech sound disorders are needed. Computer-based speech therapy may be an effective and viable means of addressing service access issues for children with speech sound disorders. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Studies reporting the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs were identified via a systematic, computerised database search...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651098/an-interoceptive-model-of-bulimia-nervosa-a-neurobiological-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Megan Klabunde, Danielle Collado, Cara Bohon
The objective of our study was to examine the neurobiological support for an interoceptive sensory processing model of bulimia nervosa (BN). To do so, we conducted a systematic review of interoceptive sensory processing in BN, using the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PsychInfo, Pubmed, and Web of Knowledge databases to identify biological and behavioral studies that examine interoceptive detection in BN. After screening 390 articles for inclusion and conducting a quality assessment of articles that met inclusion criteria, we reviewed 41 articles...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651080/robust-recursive-absolute-value-inequalities-discriminant-analysis-with-sparseness
#12
Chun-Na Li, Zeng-Rong Zheng, Ming-Zeng Liu, Yuan-Hai Shao, Wei-Jie Chen
In this paper, we propose a novel absolute value inequalities discriminant analysis (AVIDA) criterion for supervised dimensionality reduction. Compared with the conventional linear discriminant analysis (LDA), the main characteristics of our AVIDA are robustness and sparseness. By reformulating the generalized eigenvalue problem in LDA to a related SVM-type "concave-convex" problem based on absolute value inequalities loss, our AVIDA is not only more robust to outliers and noises, but also avoids the SSS problem...
June 9, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651069/automatic-mpst-cut-for-segmentation-of-carpal-bones-from-mr-volumes
#13
Laura Gemme, Sonia Nardotto, Silvana G Dellepiane
In the context of rheumatic diseases, several studies suggest that Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) allows the detection of the three main signs of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) at higher sensitivities than available through conventional radiology. The rapid, accurate segmentation of bones is an essential preliminary step for quantitative diagnosis, erosion evaluation, and multi-temporal data fusion. In the present paper, a new, semi-automatic, 3D graph-based segmentation method to extract carpal bone data is proposed...
June 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651054/importance-and-nature-of-short-range-excitonic-interactions-in-light-harvesting-complexes-and-organic-semiconductors
#14
Rocco Peter Fornari, Patrick Rowe, Daniele Padula, Alessandro Troisi
The singlet excitonic coupling between many pairs of chromophores is evaluated in three different Light Harvesting Complexes (LHCs) and two organic semiconductors (amorphous and crystalline). This large database of structures is used to assess the relative importance of short-range (exchange, overlap, orbital) and long-range (Coulombic) excitonic coupling. We find that atomic transition charges can introduce systematic errors on the Coulombic coupling and that the dipole-dipole interaction fails to capture the true Coulombic coupling even at intermolecular distances of up to 50 Å...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651001/pptfdb-a-pigeonpea-transcription-factor-database-for-exploring-functional-genomics-in-legumes
#15
Akshay Singh, Ajay Kumar Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh, Tilak Raj Sharma
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a diploid legume crop, is a member of the tribe Phaseoleae. This tribe is descended from the millettioid (tropical) clade of the subfamily Papilionoideae, which includes many important legume crop species such as soybean (Glycine max), mung bean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (Vigna ungiculata), and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). It plays major role in food and nutritional security, being rich source of proteins, minerals and vitamins. We have developed a comprehensive Pigeonpea Transcription Factors Database (PpTFDB) that encompasses information about 1829 putative transcription factors (TFs) and their 55 TF families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#16
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650948/hip-fracture-treatment-at-orthopaedic-teaching-hospitals-better-care-at-a-lower-cost
#17
Sanjit R Konda, Ariana Lott, Arthur Manoli, Karan Patel, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost and outcomes of patients treated at orthopaedic teaching hospitals (OTH) compared to those treated at non-teaching hospitals (NTH) DESIGN:: Retrospective study SETTING:: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative Systems (SPARCS) database, which includes all admissions to New York State hospitals from 2000-2011. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 165,679 isolated closed hip fracture patients aged 65 and older met inclusion criteria. Of these, 57,279 were treated at OTH and 108,400 were treated at NTH...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650923/the-effect-of-false-positive-mammograms-on-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-initiation
#18
Joel E Segel, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Richard A Hirth
BACKGROUND: Despite reported increases in anxiety following a false-positive mammogram, there is little evidence the effect rises to the clinical level of initiating medication. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of a false-positive mammogram on antidepressant or anxiolytic initiation and identify subpopulations most at risk. SUBJECTS: MarketScan commercial and Medicaid claims databases used to identify women ages 40-64 undergoing screening mammography with no prior antidepressant or anxiolytic claims...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650914/associations-of-rotational-shift-work-and-night-shift-status-with-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Sandhya Manohar, Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Michael A Mao, Sandra M Herrmann
BACKGROUND: The reported risks of hypertension (HTN) in rotating shift and night shift workers are controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the association between shift work status and HTN. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through October 2016. Studies that reported odds ratios (OR) comparing the risk of HTN in shift workers were included. A prespecified subgroup analysis by rotating shift and night shift statuses were also performed...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650909/comparison-between-2-electronic-databases-to-evaluate-potential-drug-drug-interactions-in-prescriptions-of-surgical-patients
#20
Virginia A Sánchez-López, Ivan Hernández-Cañaveral, Selene G Huerta-Olvera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
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