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Asbergers Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638206/effect-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-cigarette-smoking-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Wanli Huang, Fang Shen, Jiangtao Zhang, Baoping Xing
BACKGROUND: The high smoking rate among patients with schizophrenia is an important public health problem, and researchers have been studying how to change the status quo. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of high frequency (10Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on the amount of cigarette smoking in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: This study enrolled 37 male patients with schizophrenia who were at a stable stage of treatment...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636572/mood-symptoms-in-stabilized-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-bipolar-type-with-predominant-psychotic-features
#2
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Dina Popovic, Mariela Mosheva, Melina Siamouli, Katerina Moutou, Xenia Gonda
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are traditionally distinguished on the basis of progressive deterioration and long-term outcome, but a more dimensional approach is warranted. There are limited data on the occurrence of manic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to search for patterns in the clinical symptomatology, which may suggest the presence of one or several mood disorders under the label of schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hundred-seventy-five patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-5 were included in the study...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#3
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490031/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinimetric-properties-of-the-6-item-version-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-ham-d6
#4
N Timmerby, J H Andersen, S Søndergaard, S D Østergaard, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: In a study aimed at identifying the items carrying information regarding the global severity of depression, the 6-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D6) was derived from the original 17-item version of the scale (HAM-D17). Since then, the HAM-D6 has been used in a wide range of clinical studies. We now provide a systematic review of the clinimetric properties of HAM-D6 in comparison with those of HAM-D17 and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the literature in PubMed, PsycInfo, and EMBASE databases in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380672/randomized-clinical-trial-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-poststroke-pain
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Scott F Lempka, Donald A Malone, Bo Hu, Kenneth B Baker, Alexandria Wyant, John G Ozinga, Ela B Plow, Mayur Pandya, Cynthia S Kubu, Paul J Ford, Andre G Machado
OBJECTIVE: The experience with deep brain stimulation (DBS) for pain is largely based on uncontrolled studies targeting the somatosensory pathways, with mixed results. We hypothesized that targeting limbic neural pathways would modulate the affective sphere of pain and alleviate suffering. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study of DBS targeting the ventral striatum/anterior limb of the internal capsule (VS/ALIC) in 10 patients with poststroke pain syndrome...
May 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068788/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-and-bifidobacterium-longum-for-the-symptoms-of-depression
#6
Amy R Romijn, Julia J Rucklidge, Roeline G Kuijer, Chris Frampton
OBJECTIVES: This trial investigated whether probiotics improved mood, stress and anxiety in a sample selected for low mood. We also tested whether the presence or severity of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and other blood markers, would predict or impact treatment response. METHOD: Seventy-nine participants (10 dropouts) not currently taking psychotropic medications with at least moderate scores on self-report mood measures were randomly allocated to receive either a probiotic preparation (containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum) or a matched placebo, in a double-blind trial for 8 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978821/metabolic-syndrome-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#7
Ya-Mei Bai, Cheng-Ta Li, Shih-Jen Tsai, Pei-Chi Tu, Mu-Hong Chen, Tung-Ping Su
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent among patients with bipolar disorder. MetS may cause complications in the brain, but studies investigating MetS-associated clinical psychiatric outcomes remain scant. METHODS: We enrolled clinically stable outpatients with bipolar disorder aged 18-65 years and performed anthropometric and fasting biochemical assessments to investigate MetS prevalence. We then performed clinical assessments by using the Young Mania Rating Scale for manic symptoms, the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale for depressive symptoms, the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale for psychotic symptoms, the Involuntary Movement Scale for tardive dyskinesia, the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale for akathisia, the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser for general side effects, the Schedule for Assessment of Insight for insight, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale for global functioning, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for cognitive executive function...
December 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884931/mild-depressive-symptoms-mediate-the-impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-long-term-functional-outcome-in-early-psychosis-patients
#8
Luis Alameda, Philippe Golay, Philipp S Baumann, Pierre Progin, Nadir Mebdouhi, Julien Elowe, Carina Ferrari, Kim Q Do, Philippe Conus
INTRODUCTION: The mechanism linking childhood trauma (CT) to the functional deficits observed in early psychosis (EP) patients is as yet unknown. We aim to examine the potential mediating effect of depressive symptoms in this well-established association. METHODS: Two hundred nine EP subjects aged 18-35 were assessed for functioning and psychopathology after 2, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of treatment. Patients were classified into early trauma if they had faced at least one experience of abuse (physical, sexual, or emotional) or neglect (physical or emotional) before age 12, and late trauma if the exposure had occurred between ages 12 and 16...
November 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755218/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-duloxetine-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-comorbid-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Peter Lam, Susan Lucak, Hanga Galfalvy, Elizabeth Jackson, Jane Fried, Melissa Rosario, Ana Alicia de la Cruz, Arturo Sánchez-Lacay, Samantha Díaz, Franklin Schneier
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) frequently co-occur, yet treating their comorbid presentation is challenging. Low-dose tricyclic antidepressants are efficacious for IBS, but higher doses to treat depressive symptoms present tolerability problems, whereas selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are more tolerable but show inconsistent efficacy for IBS. If efficacious, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors like duloxetine would provide a useful alternative. We explored efficacy, tolerability, and time to onset of action of duloxetine in comorbid IBS-MDD in an open-label, 12-week trial...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502410/the-serum-zinc-concentration-as-a-potential-biological-marker-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Krzysztof Styczeń, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Witold Reczyński, Bernadeta Szewczyk, Paulina Misztak, Roman Topór-Mądry, Włodzimierz Opoka, Gabriel Nowak
Despite many clinical trials assessing the role of zinc in major depressive disorder (MDD), the conclusions still remain ambiguous. The aim of the present clinical study was to determine and comparison the zinc concentration in the blood of MDD patients (active stage or remission) and healthy volunteers (controls), as well as to discuss its potential clinical usefulness as a biomarker of the disease. In this study 69 patients with current depressive episode, 45 patients in remission and 50 controls were enrolled...
February 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487259/effects-of-switching-to-aripiprazole-from-current-atypical-antipsychotics-on-subsyndromal-symptoms-and-tolerability-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#11
Young Sup Woo, Won-Myong Bahk, Young-Min Park, Sangkeun Chung, Bo-Hyun Yoon, Seunghee Won, Jeong Goo Lee, Hwang-Bin Lee, Won Kim, Jong-Hyun Jeong, Kwanghun Lee, Moon-Doo Kim
We evaluated the effectiveness of aripiprazole among bipolar patients who had switched to this medication as a result of difficulty maintaining on their prestudy atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) because of subsyndromal mood symptoms or intolerance. This study included 77 bipolar patients who were in syndromal remission with an AAP as monotherapy or with an AAP combined with a mood stabilizer(s) who needed to switch from their present AAP because of subsyndromal symptoms or intolerance. At 24 weeks after switching to aripiprazole, the remission rates on the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and on both the MADRS and the Young Mania Rating Scale were increased significantly in the full sample and in the inefficacy subgroup...
September 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427838/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitor-use-as-a-predictor-of-a-diagnosis-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#12
Anne L Bailey, Eugene H Makela, Kia Asberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Because restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a problematic syndrome, demonstrating an association between use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)/serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and RLS may help direct patient care. The goals of this study were (1) to establish the incidence of RLS in mental health patients being treated with SSRIs or SNRIs in a local Veterans Affairs medical center and (2) to evaluate the frequency with which certain SSRIs or SNRIs are associated with RLS and the trend in frequency of the diagnosis since the revision of the criteria for RLS offered by the International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Revised (ICSD-3)...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380626/identifying-specific-clinical-symptoms-of-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-versus-differential-psychiatric-disorders-in-patients-presenting-with-a-late-onset-frontal-lobe-syndrome
#13
Annemiek Dols, Saskia van Liempt, Flora Gossink, Welmoed A Krudop, Sietske Sikkes, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Max L Stek
OBJECTIVE: Early differentiation between psychiatric disorders and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is of paramount importance in patients with the late-onset frontal lobe syndrome. As bvFTD in patients will deteriorate, psychiatric disorders are treatable. To date, misdiagnosis often occurs due to an overlap of symptoms and lack of specific biomarkers. The aim of our study was to investigate whether specific symptoms could separate bvFTD from psychiatric disorders. METHODS: In a naturalistic, prospective, multicenter study, 137 patients (aged 45-75 years, 72% male) with a late-onset frontal lobe syndrome were included based on their scores on the Frontal Behavioral Inventory (FBI) and the Stereotypy Rating Inventory (SRI) from April 2011 to June 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336191/determinants-and-escitalopram-treatment-effects-on-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-findings-from-the-k-depacs-and-esdepacs-studies
#14
Jae-Min Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Young Joon Hong, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Hyuno Kang, Jin-Sang Yoon
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed to investigate the determinants of suicidal ideation as well as to assess escitalopram treatment effects on suicidal ideation in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A total of 1152 patients were consecutively recruited at baseline, 2 to 14weeks after a confirmed ACS episode. Of 446 baseline participants with comorbid depressive disorders, 300 were randomized to a 24-week double-blind trial of escitalopram or placebo treatment...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249091/age-at-the-time-of-exposure-to-trauma-modulates-the-psychopathological-profile-in-patients-with-early-psychosis
#15
Luis Alameda, Philippe Golay, Philipp S Baumann, Carina Ferrari, Kim Q Do, Philippe Conus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential differential impact of childhood trauma, according to the age at the time of exposure, on the psychopathological profile of patients with early psychosis treated in a specialized 3-year program during the early phase of the disease. METHODS: 196 subjects with early psychosis aged 18-35 years were followed up prospectively over 36 months of treatment between 2004 and 2010. Patients who had faced at least 1 experience of abuse (physical, sexual, or emotional) or neglect (physical or emotional) were classified according to age at the time of the first exposure (early trauma: before 12 years of age; late trauma: from age 12 through 16 years) and then compared with unexposed patients (nontrauma)...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963912/relationship-between-erythrocyte-fatty-acid-composition-and-psychopathology-in-the-vienna-omega-3-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sung-Wan Kim, Min Jhon, Jae-Min Kim, Stefan Smesny, Simon Rice, Michael Berk, Claudia M Klier, Patrick D McGorry, Miriam R Schäfer, G Paul Amminger
This study investigated the relationship between erythrocyte membrane fatty acid (FA) levels and the severity of symptoms of individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis. Subjects of the present study consisted of 80 neuroleptic-naïve UHR patients. Partial correlation coefficients were calculated between baseline erythrocyte membrane FA levels, measured by gas chromatography, and scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) after controlling for age, sex, smoking and cannabis use...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889636/lille-apathy-rating-scale-and-mds-updrs-for-screening-apathy-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Rita Weintraut, Kázmér Karádi, Tivadar Lucza, Márton Kovács, Attila Makkos, József Janszky, Norbert Kovács
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a syndrome characterized primarily by lack of motivation which may be associated with cognitive, affective and behavioral changes. Although the Lille Apathy Scale (LARS) has been extensively utilized in PD for detecting apathy and testing the effectiveness of specific therapeutic interventions, the highly variable cut-off values (between -11 and -22 points) ensures the applicability of the LARS degree of difficulty as a superb screening tool. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine more reliable threshold values based on the neuropsychiatric status of patients...
2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26709992/-relationship-of-insight-with-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-psychotic-disorders
#18
E Patelaros, E Zournatzis, G Kontstantakopoulos
The associations of insight into psychosis (i.e., awareness of illness) with clinical variables have been examined by a great number of studies. Most of these studies revealed that the level of insight is negatively correlated with psychotic symptoms but positively correlated with depression and suicidal ideation. The aim of this study was to test these findings in a Greek sample of patients. Forty-three outpatients (30 men and 13 women) with schizophrenia or delusional disorder being followed up at the Mental Health Centre of Kavala took part in the study...
October 2015: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600579/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-depression-among-community-resident-older-people-in-kerala
#19
Anisha Nakulan, T P Sumesh, Sebind Kumar, P P Rejani, K S Shaji
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common mental health problem in late-life. We need more information about the incidence and prevalence of major and minor syndromes of depression in older people. This will help in service development. AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of depressive disorders among community resident older people in Kerala, India and to identify factors associated with late-life depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty community resident older subjects were assessed for depression by clinicians trained in psychiatry...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26471828/pain-is-independently-associated-with-reduced-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-psychosis
#20
Brendon Stubbs, Poonam Gardner-Sood, Shubulade Smith, Khalida Ismail, Kathryn Greenwood, Anita Patel, Ross Farmer, Fiona Gaughran
The objective was to investigate the relationship between pain and health related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with psychosis. The study utilised a cross-sectional design including individuals with established psychosis from five Mental Health Trusts across England. Participants were classified as having pain or not and HRQOL was determined with the EQ-5D-3L. Covariates considered include the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
December 15, 2015: Psychiatry Research
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