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Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Mathias Schmidt
Dental implantology is one of the most attractive and dynamic fields of work within clinical dentistry. It provides many patients with new and improved opportunities for stable (implant-supported) rehabilitation and also offers dentists a field that is interesting in both technical and economic terms. Adverse clinical outcomes are, however, often the subject of discussion. These relate both to prosthetic failure and to biologic complications and side effects, namely persistent infections surrounding implants...
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Gerlig Widmann, Asma'a A Al-Ekrish
Introduction: The Council Directive 2013/59 Euratom has a clear commitment for keeping medical radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable and demands a regular review and use of diagnostic reference levels. Methods: In dental implantology, the range of effective doses for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) shows a broad overlap with multislice computed tomography (MSCT). More recently, ultralow dose imaging with new generations of MSCT scanners may impart radiation doses equal to or lower than CBCT...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Surekha Ramrao Rathod, Abhay Kolte, Tony Shori, Vishal Kher
Introduction: Mini-clinical examination (mini-CEX) is a new assessment tool that observes the student using a standard rating form. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of the mini-CEX as an assessment and feedback tool in the postgraduate setting in periodontology. Materials and Methods: Eight postgraduate students and two evaluators were included in this study carried out for 4 months during which the students were made to appear for four encounters evaluated on a standardized nine-point Likert scale...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Marco A Rendón-Medina, Laura Andrade-Delgado, Jose E Telich-Tarriba, Antonio Fuente-Del-Campo, Carlos A Altamirano-Arcos
Rapid prototyping models (RPMs) had been extensively used in craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery, especially in areas such as orthognathic surgery, posttraumatic or oncological reconstructions, and implantology. Economic limitations are higher in developing countries such as Mexico, where resources dedicated to health care are limited, therefore limiting the use of RPM to few selected centers. This article aims to determine the dimensional error of a low-cost fused deposition modeling 3D printer (Tronxy P802MA, Shenzhen, Tronxy Technology Co), with Open source software...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Carlos Larrucea, Aparicio Conrado, Denise Olivares, Carlos Padilla, Andrea Barrera, Olga Lobos
INTRODUCTION: In implant rehabilitation, a microspace is created at the abutment-implant interface (AII). Previous research has shown that oral microbiome can proliferate in this microspace and affect periimplant tissues, causing inflammation in peri-implant tissues. Preventing microbial leakages through the AII is therefore an important goal in implantology. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of marginal bacterial microleakage at the AII according to the torque applied to the prosthetic implant in vitro...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Roland Masa, Ágota Deák, Gábor Braunitzer, Zsolt Tóth, Judit Kopniczky, István Pelsőczi-Kovács, Krisztina Ungvári, Imre Dékány, Kinga Turzó
Failure of dental implants is caused mainly by peri-implant infections resulting in loss of supporting bone. Since there is no ideal therapy of peri-implantitis, the focus of research has been shifted toward better prevention and the development of antibacterial surfaces. In our study we examined the attachment and proliferation of primary epithelial and MG-63 osteosarcoma cells on Ti dental implants coated with photocatalytic nanohybrid films. Two polyacrylate resin based layers were investigated on commercially pure (CP4) Ti discs: 60 wt% TiO2/40 wt% copolymer and 60 wt% Ag-TiO2/40 wt% copolymer ([Ag] = 0,001 wt%)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Krzysztof Pałka, Agnieszka Mielczarek
AIM: The studies on tooth structure provided basis for nanotechnology-based dental treatment approaches known as nanodentistry which aims at detection and treatment of oral pathologies, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, insufficiently being treated by conventional materials or drugs. This review aims at defining the role of nanodentistry in the medical area, its potential and hazards. MATERIALS & METHODS: To validate these issues, current literature on nanomaterials for dental applications was critically reviewed...
February 8, 2018: Nanomedicine
Alethea Liens, Aurélien Etiemble, Pascaline Rivory, Sandra Balvay, Jean-Marc Pelletier, Sandrine Cardinal, Damien Fabrègue, Hidemi Kato, Philippe Steyer, Tais Munhoz, Jerome Adrien, Nicolas Courtois, Daniel J Hartmann, Jérôme Chevalier
Ti40Zr10Cu36Pd14 Bulk Metallic Glass (BMG) appears very attractive for future biomedical applications thanks to its high glass forming ability, the absence of toxic elements such as Ni, Al or Be and its good mechanical properties. For the first time, a complete and exhaustive characterization of a unique batch of this glassy alloy was performed, together with ISO standard mechanical tests on machined implant-abutment assemblies. The results were compared to the benchmark Ti-6Al-4V ELI (Extra-Low-Interstitial) to assess its potential in dental implantology...
February 6, 2018: Materials
Na Yeoun Kim, Sami Stagnell
BACKGROUND: The qualified dentists in the United Kingdom (UK) are not expected to be competent in practising implant dentistry without further training in the subject and there is now greater emphasis on postgraduate training in Dental Implantology. There are three main education pathways at present, yet their training standards vary significantly. This study aims to identify UK postgraduate academic qualifications and continuing professional development (CPD) courses available in the field of Dental Implantology and evaluates the current standard of the postgraduate training programmes against the Training Standards in Implant Dentistry (TSID) guidelines from Faculty of General Dental Practice (FGDP (UK))...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Hori Ghaneialvar, Leila Soltani, Hamid Reza Rahmani, Abbas Sahebghadam Lotfi, Masoud Soleimani
Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent cells capable of replicating as undifferentiated cells, and have the potential of differentiating into mesenchymal tissue lineages such as osteocytes, adipocytes and chondrocytes. Such lineages can then be used in cell therapy. The aim of present study was to characterize bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells in four different species, including: sheep, goat, human and mouse. Human bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells were purchased, those of sheep and goat were isolated from fetal bone marrow, and those of mouse were collected by washing bone cavity of femur and tibia with DMEM/F12...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Kamil Abed, Zygmunt Stopa, Marta Siewert-Gutowska
RATIONALE: Primary cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (C-ALCL) is a rare cancer belonging to the group of primary T-cell lymphoproliferative diseases. C-ALCL is characterized by the presence of single or multiple ulcerated lesions on the skin's surface. PATIENT CONCERNS: This is the case of a 73-year-old man who reported to the Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery and Implantology, Medical University of Warsaw, owing to a skin tumor in the right parotideomasseteric region, initially diagnosed as discoid lupus erythematosus...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Petr Henyš, Lukáš Čapek
The balanced initial fixation of an implant makes up a crucial condition for its long-term survival. However, the quantification of initial fixation is no easy task and, to date, only qualitative assessments can be made. Although the concept of measuring fixation by means of vibration analysis is already widely used in dental implantology, the rigorous application of this method for the assessment of the fixation of femoral and acetabular components remains a challenge. Moreover, most studies on this subject have tended to focus solely on the femoral stem even though acetabular cup fixation is also important and even more difficult with respect to qualitative measurement...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Erjia Mao
The field of periodontics has become increasingly discussed and advanced in recent decades. The techniques of periodontal soft tissue grafts are among these advancements. The techniques have been used more and more clinically not only in periodontics, but also in the areas of dental implantology, aesthetics, and orthodontics. In this article, we discuss the clinical indications and the advantages and disadvantages of several autogenous tissue grafts (e.g. pedical grafts, free gingival graft, and subepithelial connective tissue graft)...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Ming-Pang Chung, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Hsiao-Wen Yeh, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
BACKGROUND: Current bibliometric analyses of the evolving trends in research scope category across different time periods using the H-classics method in implantology are considerably limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the classic articles in implantology to analyze bibliometric characteristics and associated factors in implantology for the past four decades. METHOD: H-Classics in implantology were identified within four time periods between 1977 and 2016, based on the h-index from the Scopus® database...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Feng-Wei Xu, Jiang Shang, Jian Song, Ping-Gong DU, Zhong-Hao Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of simulated mandibular models in skill training of implantology for dental undergraduate. METHODS: Pre-clinical teaching of oral implantology was implemented on simulation models for 51 undergraduates of grade 2013. Each undergraduate inserted a dental implant and took an impression in the simulation model under the teacher's guidance. After the training course, the scores were evaluated both objectively and subjectively. RESULTS: An average score of 91...
October 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
Background: Residual bacterial biofilm and/or bacteria in planktonic form may be survived in the bone following an extraction of an infected tooth that was endodontically treated unsuccessfully Failed endodontic treatment may be associated with failure of implants to osseointegrate in the same sites. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective case-control study is to examine the risk of implant failure in previous failed endodontic sites. Material and Methods: This retrospective case-control study is based on 94 dental records of implants placed at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
S Bernardi, S Bianchi, G Botticelli, E Rastelli, A R Tomei, M G Palmerini, M A Continenza, G Macchiarelli
Implantology research framed the implant surface as a key element for a good and sustainable osseointegration of an implant fixture. The aim of this study was to analyze the antibacterial properties of anatase-coated titanium healing screws through microbiological and scanning electron microscopy. The comparison of the bacterial colonies growth between the anatase-coated titanium healing screws and non-coated titanium healing screws showed comparable antibacterial properties, without significant statistical differences...
December 26, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
Yukumi Kanehira, Korenori Arai, Toshiki Kanehira, Keina Nagahisa, Shunsuke Baba
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly commonly used as a method of evaluating treatments. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate implant treatment from the perspective of patient-reported outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 804 patients who visited the Department of Oral Implantology at Osaka Dental University. The participants were categorized into a pre-implant group and a post-implant group. They were further categorized into five subgroups based on the number of occlusal supports provided by the remaining teeth according to the Eichner classification...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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