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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#1
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455467/realising-the-technological-promise-of-smartphones-in-addiction-research-and-treatment-an-ethical-review
#2
REVIEW
Hannah Capon, Wayne Hall, Craig Fry, Adrian Carter
BACKGROUND: Smartphone technologies and mHealth applications (or apps) promise unprecedented scope for data collection, treatment intervention, and relapse prevention when used in the field of substance abuse and addiction. This potential also raises new ethical challenges that researchers, clinicians, and software developers must address. AIMS: This paper aims to identify ethical issues in the current uses of smartphones in addiction research and treatment. METHODS: A search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycInfo) identified 33 studies involving smartphones or mHealth applications for use in the research and treatment of substance abuse and addiction...
October 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344237/adolescent-exposure-to-mdma-induces-dopaminergic-toxicity-in-substantia-nigra-and-potentiates-the-amyloid-plaque-deposition-in-the-striatum-of-appswe-ps1de9-mice
#3
Sonia Abad, Carla Ramon, David Pubill, Jorge Camarasa, Antonio Camins, Elena Escubedo
MDMA is one of the most used drugs by adolescents and its consumption has been associated with many psychobiological problems, among them psychomotor problems. Moreover, some authors described that early exposure to MDMA may render the dopaminergic neurons more vulnerable to the effects of future neurotoxic insults. Alzheimer disease (AD) is the main cause of dementia in the elderly and a percentage of the patients have predisposition to suffer nigrostriatal alterations, developing extrapyramidal signs. Nigrostriatal dysfunction in the brain of aged APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1), a mouse model of familiar AD (FAD), has also been described...
September 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271113/usability-evaluation-of-the-digital-anger-thermometer-app
#4
Donald C Mattson
The digital anger thermometer is a prototype for a mobile application (app) for use with adults in anger management treatment. The digital anger thermometer incorporates standards of software development in addition to anger management resources from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The digital anger thermometer underwent a usability study conducted by five expert reviewers. The results indicate that it is easy to learn, efficient, and ergonomically sound. However, it does not offer support features or user-error tolerance...
June 7, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260123/development-and-testing-of-a-smartphone-based-cognitive-neuropsychological-evaluation-system-for-substance-abusers
#5
Reshmi Pal, John Mendelson, Odile Clavier, Mathew J Baggott, Jeremy Coyle, Gantt P Galloway
INTRODUCTION: In methamphetamine (MA) users, drug-induced neurocognitive deficits may help to determine treatment, monitor adherence, and predict relapse. To measure these relationships, we developed an iPhone app (Neurophone) to compare lab and field performance of N-Back, Stop Signal, and Stroop tasks that are sensitive to MA-induced deficits. METHODS: Twenty healthy controls and 16 MA-dependent participants performed the tasks in-lab using a validated computerized platform and the Neurophone before taking the latter home and performing the tasks twice daily for two weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917964/a-pilot-test-of-a-mobile-app-for-drug-court-participants
#6
Kimberly Johnson, Stephanie Richards, Ming-Yuan Chih, Tae Joon Moon, Hilary Curtis, David H Gustafson
The U.S. criminal justice system refers more people to substance abuse treatment than any other system. Low treatment completion rates and high relapse rates among addicted offenders highlight the need for better substance use disorder treatment and recovery tools. Mobile health applications (apps) may fill that need by providing continuous support. In this pilot test, 30 participants in a Massachusetts drug court program used A-CHESS, a mobile app for recovery support and relapse prevention, over a four-month period...
2016: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873342/a-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-substance-abuse-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-sample-of-geosocial-networking-smartphone-application-users
#7
Dustin T Duncan, William C Goedel, Christopher B Stults, William J Brady, Forrest A Brooks, Jermaine S Blakely, Daniel Hagen
Geosocial-networking smartphone applications ("apps") are widely used by gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) and facilitate connections between users based on proximity and attraction. MSM have sexual encounters and relationships of varying degrees of emotional and physical intimacy with app-met individuals, potentially placing them at risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). The purpose of the current study was to utilize a geosocial-networking application to investigate relationships between experiences of IPV victimization as it relates to substance use and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of MSM...
February 12, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644783/formative-research-for-mhealth-hiv-adherence-the-ihaart-app
#8
Rochelle K Rosen, Megan L Ranney, Edward W Boyer
: Qualitative research was conducted to adapt and develop an mHealth app for HIV patients with histories of substance abuse. The app provides reactive, visual representations of adherence rates, viral load and CD4 counts. Two sets of focus groups were conducted with 22 participants. The first concentrated on use of reminder system and opinions about ideal adherence features. Results informed adaptation of an existing system, which was then presented to participants in the second set of focus groups...
January 2015: Proceedings of the ... Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26165522/substance-abuse-and-mental-health-services-administration-samhsa-behavioral-health-disaster-response-app
#9
Jamie Seligman, Stephanie S Felder, Maryann E Robinson
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the Department of Health and Human Services offers extensive disaster behavior health resources to assist disaster survivors in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from natural and manmade disasters. One of SAMHSA's most innovative resources is the SAMHSA Behavioral Health Disaster Response App (SAMHSA Disaster App). The SAMHSA Disaster App prepares behavioral health responders for any type of traumatic event by allowing them to access disaster-related materials and other key resources right on their phone, at the touch of a button...
October 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26033047/a-platform-to-build-mobile-health-apps-the-personal-health-intervention-toolkit-phit
#10
Randall Peter Eckhoff, Paul Nicholas Kizakevich, Vesselina Bakalov, Yuying Zhang, Stephanie Patrice Bryant, Maria Ann Hobbs
Personal Health Intervention Toolkit (PHIT) is an advanced cross-platform software framework targeted at personal self-help research on mobile devices. Following the subjective and objective measurement, assessment, and plan methodology for health assessment and intervention recommendations, the PHIT platform lets researchers quickly build mobile health research Android and iOS apps. They can (1) create complex data-collection instruments using a simple extensible markup language (XML) schema; (2) use Bluetooth wireless sensors; (3) create targeted self-help interventions based on collected data via XML-coded logic; (4) facilitate cross-study reuse from the library of existing instruments and interventions such as stress, anxiety, sleep quality, and substance abuse; and (5) monitor longitudinal intervention studies via daily upload to a Web-based dashboard portal...
2015: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24830606/screening-and-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#11
REVIEW
Paul Hunter, Jessica Dalby, Jaime Marks, Geoffrey R Swain, Sarina Schrager
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common and costly, in part because they are asymptomatic and result in serious complications. Primary care clinicians can easily diagnose and effectively treat most STIs. Clinicians should screen patients for STIs based on high-risk behaviors, and consult with local public health officials to adapt national screening guidelines to local epidemiology. Clinical encounters involving STI screening are opportunities to counsel patients on risk behaviors, and vaccinate against human papillomavirus and hepatitis B...
June 2014: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24240579/smartphones-for-smarter-delivery-of-mental-health-programs-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Tara Donker, Katherine Petrie, Judy Proudfoot, Janine Clarke, Mary-Rose Birch, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The rapid growth in the use of mobile phone applications (apps) provides the opportunity to increase access to evidence-based mental health care. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to systematically review the research evidence supporting the efficacy of mental health apps for mobile devices (such as smartphones and tablets) for all ages. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search (2008-2013) in MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, PsycTESTS, Compendex, and Inspec was conducted...
2013: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22584372/there-s-an-app-for-that-content-analysis-of-paid-health-and-fitness-apps
#13
Joshua H West, P Cougar Hall, Carl L Hanson, Michael D Barnes, Christophe Giraud-Carrier, James Barrett
BACKGROUND: The introduction of Apple's iPhone provided a platform for developers to design third-party apps, which greatly expanded the functionality and utility of mobile devices for public health. OBJECTIVE: This study provides an overview of the developers' written descriptions of health and fitness apps and appraises each app's potential for influencing behavior change. METHODS: Data for this study came from a content analysis of health and fitness app descriptions available on iTunes during February 2011...
2012: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22337569/patient-predictor-variables-for-six-forms-of-suicidality
#14
D A Fishbain, J E Lewis, D Bruns, J Gao, J M Disorbio, L Meyer
OBJECTIVES: There has been a significant amount of research performed on the relationship between the presence of chronic pain and all forms of suicidality. This study explored which rehabilitation acute pain patient (APP) and rehabilitation chronic pain patient (CPP) variables are predictive of six suicidality items: wanting to die because of pain; wanting to die because life is hard; history of wanting to die; history of suicide attempts; recent frequent suicide ideation; and having a suicidal plan...
May 2012: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18921991/prevention-of-drug-induced-memory-impairment-by-immunopharmacotherapy
#15
Jennifer B Treweek, Chengzao Sun, Alexander V Mayorov, Longwu Qi, Coree L Levy, Amanda J Roberts, Tobin J Dickerson, Kim D Janda
One approach to treating drug abuse uses antidrug antibodies to immunize subjects against the illicit substance rather than administering therapeutics that target the specific CNS site of action. At present, passive vaccination has recognized efficacy in treating certain gross symptoms of drug misuse, namely, motor activation, self-administration, and overdose. However, the potential for antibodies to prevent drug-induced changes involving finer cognitive processes, such as benzodiazepine-associated amnesia, remains unexplored...
November 13, 2008: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18322580/an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-in-sports-pharmacy
#16
Peter J Ambrose
OBJECTIVE: To establish and evaluate an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in sports pharmacy. DESIGN: Students actively participated in a variety of activities for this new 6-week elective APPE, including drug-testing collections, delivering presentations, and providing drug information. Students also learned about assays, compounding, and dispensing medications specifically for athletes, and visited various athletic medical facilities. Student were given written and practical certification examinations for drug-testing collections, and their specimen measurements were compared to those obtained by the testing laboratory for validation; satisfaction surveys were obtained from testing sites; and presentation evaluations were obtained from audience participants...
February 15, 2008: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16911734/widespread-axonal-damage-in-the-brain-of-drug-abusers-as-evidenced-by-accumulation-of-beta-amyloid-precursor-protein-beta-app-an-immunohistochemical-investigation
#17
Andreas Büttner, Katharina Rohrmoser, Gita Mall, Randolph Penning, Serge Weis
BACKGROUND: In drug abusers, white matter changes have been described by neuroimaging analyses in different brain regions. A specific pattern of involvement or a predominance of a specific brain region could not be drawn. AIMS: To examine alterations of the white matter as a possible morphological substrate of the neuroimaging findings. METHODS: Brain specimens of 30 polydrug abusers and 20 controls were obtained at autopsy. The white matter from 11 different brain regions was analysed by means of immunohistochemistry for beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), a marker of axonal damage...
September 2006: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10087514/-assessment-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults
#18
J Gross, D Blocher, G E Trott, M Rösler
The attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in childhood and adolescence with a prevalence of app. 5%. The importance of ADHD in childhood as a factor of vulnerability for psychiatric disorders in adults is becoming a focus of discussion. It was shown that there is a comorbidity in adults with substance abuse, delinquency and personality disorders. There is a growing evidence that ADHD will persist in a significant number of patients during adulthood. This is the first german study to evaluate this interdependence...
January 1999: Der Nervenarzt
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