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Anticipatory guidance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969717/the-role-of-the-physician-in-israel-s-maternal-child-health-clinics-surveys-of-professional-and-parental-perceptions
#1
Chen Stein-Zamir, Hannah Shoob, Deena R Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Preventative health services are a pediatric health care cornerstone, which strives to promote health and prevent illness and injury. In Israel, Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC) provide these well child services for ages 0-6 years. MCHC care includes physician visits; however, the physician's role is not well defined. The study purpose was to provide a basis for setting policies that determine the role of physicians in the provision of MCHC services. To get broad input we included MCHC stakeholders - parents, MCHC physicians, non-MCHC physicians and MCHC nurses, specifically to obtain insights regarding the MCHC physician role and to characterize the stakeholder demographics, service utilization, and practice patterns...
October 2, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939661/health-education-intervention-promoting-infant-safe-sleep-in-paediatric-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Eileen M McDonald, Amanda Davani, Akisha Price, Patricia Mahoney, Wendy Shields, Rashelle J Musci, Barry S Solomon, Elizabeth A Stuart, Andrea C Gielen
BACKGROUND: Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to improve infant sleep practices. There is limited research on how best to integrate safe sleep information into routine paediatric anticipatory guidance delivered at well child visits (WCVs). This protocol paper describes the design of the Safe Start Study, which aims to evaluate the impact of safe sleep interventions on parents' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to creating and maintaining a safe sleep environment for their infants...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939446/next-generation-terminology-infrastructure-to-support-interprofessional-care-planning
#3
Sarah Collins, Stephanie Klinkenberg-Ramirez, Kira Tsivkin, Perry L Mar, Dina Iskhakova, Hari Nandigam, Lipika Samal, Roberto A Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Develop a prototype of an interprofessional terminology and information model infrastructure that can enable care planning applications to facilitate patient-centered care, learn care plan linkages and associations, provide decision support, and enable automated, prospective analytics. DESIGN: The study steps included a 3 step approach: 1) Process model and clinical scenario development, and 2) Requirements analysis, and 3) Development and validation of information and terminology models...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906318/nutritional-state-and-feeding-behaviors-of-children-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
Pooja Mehta, Glenn T Furuta, Taryn Brennan, Michelle L Henry, Nancy Creskoff Maune, Shikha S Sundaram, Calies Menard-Katcher, Dan Atkins, Faith Takurukura, Sandra Giffen, Zhaoxing Pan, Angela M Haas
OBJECTIVE: Because both gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are associated with malnutrition and feeding dysfunction, this study compares growth, nutrition and feeding behaviors in children with GERD and EoE. METHODS: Subjects aged 1-7 with GERD or EoE were enrolled in a prospective study. Assessments included length/height, weight, 3-day food diary, serum biomarkers of nutrition, and the Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902845/clinical-and-epidemiologic-characteristics-of-dengue-and-other-etiologic-agents-among-patients-with-acute-febrile-illness-puerto-rico-2012-2015
#5
Kay M Tomashek, Olga D Lorenzi, Doris A Andújar-Pérez, Brenda C Torres-Velásquez, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Jorge Luis Munoz-Jordan, Janice Perez-Padilla, Aidsa Rivera, Gladys E Gonzalez-Zeno, Tyler M Sharp, Renee L Galloway, Mindy Glass Elrod, Demetrius L Mathis, M Steven Oberste, W Allan Nix, Elizabeth Henderson, Jennifer McQuiston, Joseph Singleton, Cecilia Kato, Carlos García Gubern, William Santiago-Rivera, Jesús Cruz-Correa, Robert Muns-Sosa, Juan D Ortiz-Rivera, Gerson Jiménez, Ivonne E Galarza, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Harold S Margolis, Luisa I Alvarado
Identifying etiologies of acute febrile illnesses (AFI) is challenging due to non-specific presentation and limited availability of diagnostics. Prospective AFI studies provide a methodology to describe the syndrome by age and etiology, findings that can be used to develop case definitions and multiplexed diagnostics to optimize management. We conducted a 3-year prospective AFI study in Puerto Rico. Patients with fever ≤7 days were offered enrollment, and clinical data and specimens were collected at enrollment and upon discharge or follow-up...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891715/-where-it-falls-apart-barriers-to-retention-in-hiv-care-in-latino-immigrants-and-migrants
#6
Julie H Levison, Laura M Bogart, Iman F Khan, Dianna Mejia, Hortensia Amaro, Margarita Alegría, Steven Safren
Latino immigrants in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV. Barriers to consistent attendance (retention) in HIV primary care constrain opportunities for HIV treatment success, but have not been specifically assessed in this population. We conducted semistructured interviews with 37 HIV-infected Latinos (aged ≥18 years and born in Puerto Rico or a Latin American Spanish-speaking country) and 14 HIV providers in metropolitan Boston (total n = 51). The Andersen Model of Healthcare Utilization informed a semistructured interview guide, which bilingual research staff used to explore barriers to HIV care...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890620/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-of-sirmaur-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#7
Ritu G Mangla, Raman Kapur, Abhishek Dhindsa, Manish Madan
AIM: To assess the prevalence, distribution, and associated risk factors of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) among 12- to 36-month-old children of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on a random sample of 510 children, both boys and girls, between 12 and 36 months of age randomly selected from various government-sponsored day-care centers, private day-care centers, and vaccination centers. Caries was recorded using World Health Organization criteria...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871901/associations-between-sedentary-behaviors-sleep-patterns-and-bmi-in-young-dancers-attending-a-summer-intensive-dance-training-program
#8
Andrea Stracciolini, Cynthia J Stein, Susan Kinney, Tara McCrystal, Michael J Pepin, William P Meehan Iii
The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between sedentary behaviors, sleep hours, and body mass index (BMI) in 12- to 17-year-old dancers. This was a cross sectional survey in which bivariate correlation and simple linear regression were used to determine associations between self-reported components. One hundred fifteen dancers were queried, 91.3% of whom were female. The mean BMI was 19.6 ± 2.3 kg/m2. Two-thirds of dancers fell below the 50th percentile for age-adjusted BMI, and 30.4% fell below the 25th percentile...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856134/interprofessional-oral-health-education-improves-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-for-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#9
REVIEW
Devon Cooper, JungSoo Kim, Karen Duderstadt, Ray Stewart, Brent Lin, Abbey Alkon
Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic childhood disease in the United States. Dental caries affects the health of 60-90% of school-aged children worldwide. The prevalence of untreated early childhood dental caries is 19% for children 2-5 years of age in the U.S. Some factors that contribute to the progression of dental caries include socioeconomic status, access to dental care, and lack of anticipatory guidance. The prevalence of dental caries remains highest for children from specific ethnic or racial groups, especially those living in underserved areas where there may be limited access to a dentist...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844430/child-maltreatment-screening-and-anticipatory-guidance-a%C3%A2-description-of-pediatric-nurse-practitioner-practice-behaviors
#10
Gail Hornor, Deborah Bretl, Evelyn Chapman, Pamela Herendeen, Nancy Mitchel, Barbara Mulvaney, Saribel Garcia Quinones, Brigit VanGraafeiland
INTRODUCTION: Given the number of children affected by child maltreatment and the dire consequences that can develop, prompt identification of child maltreatment is crucial. The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) practice behaviors related to screening and providing anticipatory guidance for child maltreatment and its psychosocial risk factors. METHOD: The Risk Assessment Survey was developed for this study by 12 PNPs, all of whom were members of NAPNAP's Child Maltreatment Special Interest Group to ensure face validity; all 12 PNPs were content experts in child maltreatment...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833811/sustained-participation-in-annual-continuous-quality-improvement-activities-improves-quality-of-care-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#11
Daniel McAullay, Kimberley McAuley, Ross Bailie, Veronica Mathews, Peter Jacoby, Karen Gardner, Beverly Sibthorpe, Natalie Strobel, Karen Edmond
AIM: To determine whether participation in the continuous quality improvement (CQI) Audit and Best Practice for Chronic Disease programme improved care and outcomes for Indigenous children. METHODS: Data were collected from 59 Australian primary health-care centres providing services to Indigenous people and participating in the programme (February 2008 and December 2013). Indigenous children aged less than 2 years and centres that completed three or more consecutive annual audits within the 6-year study period were included...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833511/detection-and-care-practices-for-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-public-sector-obstetric-units-in-mexico-qualitative-results-from-a-resource-constrained-setting
#12
Jean Marie S Place, Betania Allen-Leigh, Deborah L Billings, Kiya M Dues, Filipa de Castro
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is amenable to detection and treatment, but effectively addressing it is contingent on policies, practices, and health care providers working together to address the issue. The aim of this study is to describe a sample of health care providers' existing practices in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico related to detecting and offering care to women with depressive symptomology. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 40 health care providers (16 physicians, 13 nurses, three social workers, and eight psychologists) from one tertiary-level and two secondary-level, public-sector obstetric units, were conducted by members of a trained research team from May to July 2012...
August 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816915/physician-awareness-of-developmental-screening-and-referral-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#13
Hollie Hix-Small, Khaled Alkherainej
OBJECTIVE: In the State of Kuwait, family physicians and pediatricians are responsible for identifying and referring children at risk of disability. The aims of this study were to better understand physician (1) use of developmental screening instruments, (2) referral practices for children at risk of developmental disability, (3) interpretation of screening results, and (4) anticipatory guidance topics prioritized over child screening. METHODS: A nonprobability volunteer, self-selection sample of family physicians, general practitioners, and pediatricians (n = 398) completed a 60-item paper questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807332/synthetic-biology-regulation-and-governance-lessons-from-tapic-for-the-united-states-european-union-and-singapore
#14
Benjamin D Trump
Synthetic biology is an emerging technology with potential benefits to various fields, yet also contains potential risks to human and environmental health. The field remains in an emerging state with limited quantitative guidance and a small but growing population of international researchers that conduct work within this field. Given the uncertain nature of this technology, an adaptive and anticipatory governance framework may be necessary to balance the potential benefits that may accrue from the technology's continued research alongside a desire to reduce or eliminate potential risks that may arise...
August 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806494/body-piercing-motivations-and-implications-for-health
#15
REVIEW
Cheri Van Hoover, Carol-Ann Rademayer, Cindy L Farley
Body piercing has evolved from a behavior once considered extreme to an accepted choice among the general population. Earlobe piercing is so common that it is now considered a normative behavior. The motivations for choosing body piercing have changed and are associated with piercing site and number of piercings chosen by the individual. Meanings ascribed to body piercing were traditionally related to enhanced sexual desirability and experience, but now range from the innocuous, such as a fashion statement, to the risk laden, such as nonsuicidal self-injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766090/what-do-pediatricians-tell-parents-about-bed-sharing
#16
Paula Schaeffer, Andrea G Asnes
Background and objectives Despite the risks of bed-sharing, little is known about what pediatricians tell parents about bed-sharing with infants and whether pediatricians provide specific recommendations outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This study aimed to understand pediatricians' opinions about bed-sharing and the advice pediatricians provide to parents about bed sharing. Methods The study employed a qualitative study design and the conceptual framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764825/living-with-tricuspid-atresia-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#17
Brittany Watson Frock, Amy J Jnah, Desi M Newberry
Tricuspid atresia (TA) is a rare congenital heart defect in which the right atrioventricular connection, the tricuspid valve, is absent. As a result, there is no direct communication between the right atrium and right ventricle. Surgical treatment, including the Fontan procedure, is indicated yet palliative, leaving patients with various lifelong complications. A comprehensive literature review revealed a paucity of evidence-based education on the identification, evaluation, management, treatment, and life span implications of TA...
July 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749484/communication-related-allegations-against-physicians-caring-for-premature-infants
#18
J Nguyen, H Muniraman, M Cascione, R Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: Maternal-fetal medicine physicians (MFMp) and neonatal-perinatal medicine physicians (NPMp) caring for premature infants and their families are exposed to significant risk for malpractice actions. Effective communication practices have been implicated to decrease litigious intentions but the extent of miscommunication as a cause of legal action is essentially unknown in this population. Analysis of communication-related allegations (CRAs) may help toward improving patient care and physician-patient relationships as well as decrease litigation risks...
October 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697268/the-cost-of-hospital-admission-brief-resolved-unexplained-events
#19
Justin Triemstra
The modern health care system continues to expand at a meteoric rate with ever-increasing technological advancements. However, with these advancements come unsustainably rising costs and occasionally unintended, avoidable harm. In this article, we use a brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) to illustrate how recent guidelines can help physicians practice value in this modern health care system. A BRUE is a common pediatric problem that is seen in ambulatory and emergency department settings. Infants presenting with a BRUE can be separated into low- and high-risk groups per recent guidelines...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#20
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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