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Anticipatory guidance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#1
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599740/what-nurses-need-to-know-about-immediate-postpartum-initiation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#2
Debora M Dole, Jacquelyn Martin
Initiation of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in the immediate postpartum period is becoming more common, resulting in increased requests for early removal, primarily because of unpredictable bleeding patterns. Competing interests of healthful spacing of pregnancies, impact on breastfeeding, risks associated with pregnancy versus contraceptive method, potential adverse effects of LARC, and timing of informed consent make immediate postpartum initiation of LARC an important issue. Nearly 40% of women do not attend a postpartum visit at all, resulting in decreased initiation of contraception and increased risk of unplanned pregnancy...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588625/change-in-bmi-after-radioactive-iodine-ablation-for-graves-disease
#3
Melinda Chen, Matthew Lash, Todd Nebesio, Erica Eugster
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the extent of post-treatment weight gain that occurs in pediatric patients in the first year following radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for Graves disease (GD) and its relationship to clinical characteristics. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients receiving RAI therapy for GD between 1998-2015 was performed. Change in BMI SDS (∆BMI SDS) from baseline to one year after treatment was determined. We also investigated whether individual clinical and/or biochemical factors were associated with the weight trajectory in these patients...
2017: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577633/prenatal-maternal-factors-intergenerational-transmission-of-disease-and-child-oral-health-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Tracy L Finlayson, Aarti Gupta, Francisco J Ramos-Gomez
This article reviews maternal prenatal risk factors for caries in children and intergenerational transmission of caries, emphasizing early interventions for pregnant women and mother-infant pairs. A growing body of evidence focuses on maternal interventions. Studies suggest that early prenatal clinical and educational interventions are effective at reducing mother-child mutans streptococci (MS) transmission and delaying colonization and caries in young children. Dental screenings and anticipatory guidance about maternal and infant oral health should be included in prenatal care and pediatric well visits...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576897/anticipatory-guidance-to-prevent-infant-sleep-problems-within-a-randomised-controlled-trial-infant-maternal-and-partner-outcomes-at-6-months-of-age
#5
Barbara C Galland, Rachel M Sayers, Sonya L Cameron, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Julie A Lawrence, Alana Newlands, Barry J Taylor, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of sleep education delivered antenatally and at 3 weeks postpartum to prevent infant sleep problems at 6 months of age. DESIGN: Sleep intervention within a randomised controlled trial for the Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) study. PARTICIPANTS: 802 families were randomly allocated to one of four groups: usual care (control), sleep intervention (sleep), food, activity and breastfeeding intervention (FAB), and combined group receiving both interventions (combination)...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570412/perceived-maternal-behavioral-control-infant-behavior-and-milk-supply-a-qualitative-study
#6
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Kaitlin Dicks, Leela Sarathy, Allison A Brown, Renée Boynton-Jarrett
OBJECTIVE: Disparities persist in breastfeeding exclusivity and duration despite increases in breastfeeding initiation. The objective of this study was to examine factors that influence maternal decision making surrounding infant feeding practices over time in a diverse inner-city population. METHODS: We conducted a prospective qualitative study with 20 mothers recruited from 2 urban primary care clinics. Participants completed open-ended interviews and demographic questionnaires in English or Spanish administered at approximately 2 weeks and 6 months postpartum...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569282/do-not-attempt-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-decisions-joint-guidance
#7
R Campbell
Since its introduction in the 1960s as a treatment to restart the heart after sudden cardiac arrest from a heart attack, attempts at cardiopulmonary resuscitation have become more common in other clinical situations. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be a lifesaving treatment, with the likelihood of recovery varying greatly depending on individual circumstances; however, overall, the proportion of people who survive following cardiopulmonary resuscitation is relatively low. Anticipatory decisions were recognised as being the best way of ensuring that cardiopulmonary resuscitation was not attempted against individuals' wishes...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557774/the-primary-care-pediatrician-and-the-care-of-children-with-cleft-lip-and-or-cleft-palate
#8
Charlotte W Lewis, Lisa S Jacob, Christoph U Lehmann
Orofacial clefts, specifically cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P), are among the most common congenital anomalies. CL/P vary in their location and severity and comprise 3 overarching groups: cleft lip (CL), cleft lip with cleft palate (CLP), and cleft palate alone (CP). CL/P may be associated with one of many syndromes that could further complicate a child's needs. Care of patients with CL/P spans prenatal diagnosis into adulthood. The appropriate timing and order of specific cleft-related care are important factors for optimizing outcomes; however, care should be individualized to meet the specific needs of each patient and family...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557726/modifiable-resilience-factors-to-childhood-adversity-for-clinical-pediatric-practice
#9
REVIEW
Flora Traub, Renée Boynton-Jarrett
Childhood adversity is highly prevalent and associated with risk for poor health outcomes in childhood and throughout the life course. Empirical literature on resilience over the past 40 years has identified protective factors for traumatized children that improve health outcomes. Despite these empirical investigations of resilience, there is limited integration of these findings into proactive strategies to mitigate the impact of adverse childhood experiences. We review the state of resilience research, with a focus on recent work, as it pertains to protecting children from the health impacts of early adversity...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450082/a-randomized-trial-of-a-children-s-book-versus-brochures-for-safe-sleep-knowledge-and-adherence-in-a-high-risk-population
#10
John S Hutton, Resmi Gupta, Rachel Gruber, Jennifer Berndsen, Thomas DeWitt, Nicholas J Ollberding, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past decade, disproportionately affecting low-socio-economic-status (SES) families. Printed materials are widely used for anticipatory guidance, yet none for safe sleep have been studied. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a specially designed children's book compared to brochures for safe sleep knowledge and adherence, which we hypothesized would be greater due to superior readability and engagement...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442439/marshall-smith-syndrome-novel-pathogenic-variant-and-previously-unreported-associations-with-precocious-puberty-and-aortic-root-dilatation
#11
Anjali Aggarwal, Joanne Nguyen, Michelle Rivera-Davila, David Rodriguez-Buritica
Marshall-Smith Syndrome (MRSHSS) is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by failure to thrive and characteristic dysmorphic features associated with accelerated osseous maturation. We present a nine-year-old girl who was diagnosed with MRSHSS based on characteristic clinical features supported by the identification of a novel de novo pathogenic variant in the NFIX gene. The patient also presented with precocious puberty diagnosed at five years of age and had an abnormal GnRH stimulation test indicative of central precocious puberty...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418698/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-mastitis-in-shiraz-iran-results-of-a-cohort-study
#12
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Shahnaz Poorarian, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five Western women who breastfeed are likely to experience acute mastitis. This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of acute mastitis in a cohort of Iranian women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 672 participants of the Shiraz Infant Feeding Study conducted between June 2014 and March 2015. Mothers were recruited from the maternity ward and followed up at 1, 3, 4, and 6 months postpartum to obtain information on their breastfeeding practices and experiences...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414391/neurological-problems-in-primary-care-and-anticipatory-guidance-about-guns
#13
EDITORIAL
Joseph R Hageman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392473/elucidating-the-behavioral-phenotype-of-patients-affected-with-mucolipidosis-iv-what-can-we-learn-from-the-parents
#14
Perri Segal, Ben Pode-Shakked, Annick Raas-Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Mucolipidosis type IV (ML-IV) is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder which presents with nonspecific developmental delay. Nowadays with the use of new tools such as next generation sequencing, more ML-IV affected patients are diagnosed. Still, identifying the behavioral phenotype might be of help for early diagnosis and anticipatory guidance, as well as for counseling of the families. OBJECTIVE: Identification of the behavioral characteristics of 12 ML-IV patients, aged from 2...
June 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385327/total-breast-feeding-duration-and-dental-caries-in-healthy-urban-children
#15
Peter D Wong, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Isvarya Venu, Yang Chen, Robert J Schroth, Jonathon L Maguire
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between longer breast-feeding duration and dental caries in healthy urban children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of urban children aged 1 to 6 years recruited through The Applied Research Group for Kids (TARGet Kids!) practice-based research network between September 2011 and August 2013. The main outcome measure was parental report of dental caries. RESULTS: The adjusted predicted probability of dental caries was 7%, 8%, 11%, and 16% with total duration of breast-feeding duration of 12, 18, 24, and 36 months, respectively...
April 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376436/overstimulated-consumers-or-next-generation-learners-parent-tensions-about-child-mobile-technology-use
#16
Jenny S Radesky, Staci Eisenberg, Caroline J Kistin, Jamie Gross, Gabrielle Block, Barry Zuckerman, Michael Silverstein
PURPOSE: Mobile technology is ubiquitous, but its impact on family life has not been thoroughly addressed in the scientific literature or in clinical practice guidelines. We aimed to understand parents' views regarding mobile technology use by young children, aged 0 to 8 years, including perceived benefits, concerns, and effects on family interactions, with the goal of informing pediatric guidelines. METHODS: We conducted 35 in-depth, semistructured group and individual interviews with English-speaking caregivers of diverse ethnic backgrounds, educational levels, and employment statuses...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330490/explaining-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-parents-access-of-healthcare-services-for-developmental-surveillance-and-anticipatory-guidance-qualitative-findings-from-the-watch-me-grow-study
#17
Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bin Jalaludin, Katrina Williams, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Regular health visits for parents with young children provide an opportunity for developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance regarding common childhood problems and help to achieve optimal developmental progress prior to school entry. However, there are few published reports from Australian culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities exploring parents' experiences for accessing child health surveillance programs. This paper aims to describe and explain parental experiences for accessing developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance for children...
March 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328148/long-term-follow-up-study-of-community-based-patients-receiving-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorders
#18
Arthur Robin Williams, Vincent Barbieri, Kaitlyn Mishlen, Frances R Levin, Edward V Nunes, John J Mariani, Adam Bisaga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) is FDA-approved to prevent relapse in patients with Opioid Use Disorder. However little is known about long-term use among community-based outpatients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and long-term follow-up survey among individuals (N = 168) who entered an outpatient XR-NTX trial between 2011 and 2015, during which participants were offered three monthly injections of XR-NTX at no cost. The survey consisted of 35 questions covering a total of four domains: (1) substance use; (2) treatment continuation; (3) barriers; and (4) attitudes...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318209/end-of-life-care-managing-common-symptoms
#19
REVIEW
Ross H Albert
Physicians should be proficient at managing symptoms as patients progress through the dying process. When possible, proactive regimens that prevent symptoms should be used, because it is generally easier to prevent than to treat an acute symptom. As swallowing function diminishes, medications are typically administered sublingually, transdermally, or via rectal suppository. Opiates are the medication of choice for the control of pain and dyspnea, which are common symptoms in the dying process. Delirium and agitation may be caused by reversible etiologies, which should be identified and treated when feasible...
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292457/sexuality-and-disability-in-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Cynthia Holland-Hall, Elisabeth H Quint
Healthy sexual development is important for adolescents with and without disabilities, yet the topic of sexuality is often ignored in the disabled population. Adolescents with mild or moderate degrees of disability have rates of sexual activity and reproductive health needs comparable to their typically developing peers. Their need for support, risk reduction, and education in sexual health may exceed that of their peers. The medical provider may support healthy sexual development through education, anticipatory guidance, menstrual and contraceptive management, and by expanding the notion of sexuality to include a broader conceptualization of sexual behavior and expression...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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