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Heeyoung Kang, Haneul Kim, Jaeho Song, Jang-Cheon Cho, Kiseong Joh, Yochan Joung
A non-motile, orange-pigmented bacterium, designated strain HME7103T, was isolated from lagoon water in the Republic of Korea. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HME7103T formed a lineage within the genus Lacihabitans and family Cytophagaceae. Strain HME7103T was closely related to Lacihabitans soyangensis HME6675T (95.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The major fatty acids of strain HME7103T were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Joseph Okiria, Jae-Jin Lee, Su-Jin Park, Yeon-Hee Lee, Seung-Yeol Lee, Sangkyu Park, Byung-Oh Kim, Leonid N Ten, Hee-Young Jung
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile and pale yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated as HY03T, was isolated from mountain soil. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HY03T belonged to the family Chitinophagaceae in the phylum Bacteroidetes and was most closely related to Flaviaesturariibacter amylovorans GCR0105T at a similarity of 95.4 %. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain HY03T was 43.2 mol%. The major fatty acids of the isolate were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xu Wang, Zhi Wang, Xueqiu Zhao, Xing Huang, Yu Zhou, Wen-Jun Li
A pale-red-pigmented bacterial strain, designated CW1T, was isolated from a polluted soil sample in China and was characterized by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain CW1T was Gram-stain-positive (or variable), coccoid, motile by a single polar flagellum and non-spore-forming. Growth was observed at 15-37 °C, but not at 10 °C or 40 °C, at pH 5.0-9.0 and with 0-5 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain CW1T belongs to the genus Planococcus. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between CW1T and the four most closely related type strains, Planococcus antarcticus DSM 14505T, Planococcus halocryophilus DSM 24743T, Planomicrobium soli XN13T and Planomicrobium okeanokoites NBRC 12536T were 97...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Dong-Uk Kim, Hyosun Lee, Suyeon Lee, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, So Yoon Park, Jong-Ok Ka
A Gram-stain-negative and yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated TX0653(T), was isolated from an automobile evaporator core collected in Korea. The cells were aerobic and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 10-28 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 6.0-7.5 (optimum, 6.5), and in the presence of 0-1% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetically, the strain was related to members of the genus Spirosoma (95.1-90.8% 16S rRNA sequence similarity) and distantly related to Spirosoma pulveris JSH5-14(T) (95.1%), Spirosoma fluviale MSd3(T) (95...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Pavel Švec, Stanislava Králová, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Tanita Kleinhagauer, Kamila Kýrová, Roman Pantůček, Ivana Mašlaňová, Eva Staňková, Miroslav Němec, Pavla Holochová, Miloš Barták, Ivo Sedláček
Strain P4487AT was isolated during investigation of cultivable bacterial populations of environmental materials sampled at James Ross Island, Antarctica. It revealed Gram-stain-negative short rod-shaped cells producing a pink pigment. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences allocated strain P4487AT to the genus Pedobacter but showed that the strain represents a distinct intrageneric phylogenetic lineage clearly separated from remaining Pedobacter species. Phylogenetically, strain P4487AT formed a common branch with the Pedobacter arcticus and Pedobacter lignilitoris cluster while the highest value of 94...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Geon-Yeong Cho, Jae-Chan Lee, Kyung-Sook Whang
Three strains of a Gram-stain-negative, moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain KHM44T, KHM29 and HHM4, were isolated from the sediment of a grey saltern located on Sinui island at Shinan, Korea. The isolates were aerobic, non-motile rods and grew at 15-50 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and at salinities of 3-25 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 10 % NaCl). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7), and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, iso-C17 : 1ω9c and anteiso-C15 : 0...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ziyan Wei, Yao Huang, Wangmu Danzeng, Myong Chol Kim, Guoxin Zhu, Yumin Zhang, Zuobing Liu, Fang Peng
A bright-yellow, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, gliding and aerobic bacterium, designated strain AQ6-291T, was isolated from the Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica, and its taxonomic position was investigated by genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Growth occurred at 4-28 °C (optimum 20 °C) and at pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum pH 7.0). Strain AQ6-291T contained iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) as the major cellular fatty acids...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Vasundhera Gupta, Pradip Kumar Singh, Suresh Korpole, Naga Radha Srinivas Tanuku, Anil Kumar Pinnaka
A facultatively anaerobic, endospore forming, alkali-tolerant, Gram-stain-positive, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain AK61T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Coringa mangrove forest, India. Colonies were circular, 1.5 mm in diameter, shiny, smooth, yellowish and convex with entire margins after 48 h growth at 30 °C. Growth occurred at 15-42 °C, with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 6-9. AK61T was positive for amylase activity and negative for oxidase, catalase, aesculinase, caseinase, cellulase, DNase, gelatinase, lipase and urease activities...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Wan-Taek Im, Kwon-Jung Yi, Sang-Suk Lee, Hyung In Moon, Che Ok Jeon, Dong-Woon Kim, Soo-Ki Kim
A Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain SK-3146T, was isolated from animal feed. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, revealed that the strain formed a distinct lineage within the genus Paenibacillus that was closely related to Paenibacillusyunnanensis JCM 30953T (98.6 %), Paenibacillusvulneris CCUG 53270T (98.0 %) and Paenibacilluschinjuensis DSM 15045T (96.9 %). Cells were non-motile, endospore-forming and formed milky colonies on NA and R2A agar media...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ji-Ru Han, Qing-Li Geng, Feng-Qing Wang, Zong-Jun Du, Guan-Jun Chen
A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccobacilli approximately 0.4-0.5×0.5-1.1 µm, non-motile, orange-pigmented bacterial strain, designated am2T, was isolated from the coastal area of Weihai, PR China (121° 57' E, 37° 29' N). The temperature, pH and NaCl ranges for growth were 4-40 °C, pH 6.5-8.5 and 0.0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that am2T was phylogenetically related to members of the genus Algoriphagus and was closely related to Algoriphagus boritolerans, Algoriphagus namhaensis and Algoriphagus antarcticus with 96...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Vasana Tolieng, Budsabathip Prasirtsak, Mika Miyashita, Chiyo Shibata, Naoto Tanaka, Nuttha Thongchul, Somboon Tanasupawat
A Gram-stain-positive, lactic acid-producing bacterium designed strain MK21-7T, was isolated from tree bark collected from the north east of Thailand. This strain was a facultatively anaerobic spore-forming rod that was catalase-negative. It contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan and had seven isoprene units (MK-7) as the predominant menaquinone. Major fatty acids of MK21-7T were anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. Polar lipids were phosphatidglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unknown phospholipid, three unknown glycolipids and an unknown lipid...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Praveen Rahi, Rashmi Kurli, Mitesh Khairnar, Shubhangi Jagtap, Aabeejjeet N Pansare, Syed G Dastager, Yogesh S Shouche
A novel bacterial strain, designated S5H2222T, was isolated form the screen of a cellular phone. The cells were Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic and motile, and endospores are formed. S5H2222T grew as pale white colonies on trypticase soy agar and the best growth was observed at 37 °C (10-55 °C) and at pH 7.0 (5.0-9.0). S5H2222T could tolerate up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed this strain within the genus Lysinibacillus and it exhibited high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Lysinibacillus halotolerans LAM612T (97...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Lei Liu, Lubin Li, Zheng Song, Shiyan Wang, Jun Zhang, Xiaoxia Zhang, Qiwu Sun
Strain N5SSJ16T, a Gram-negative-staining, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium, was isolated from Haloxylon ammodendron stems. The strain grew in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum growth in the absence of NaCl), at pH 7-9 (optimum: pH 8) and at 12-50 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain N5SSJ16T was related phylogenetically to Parapedobacter composti 4M40T (96.5 %) and Parapedobacter luteus 4M29T (95.9 %). The cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), summed feature 9 (C16 : 0 10-methyl and/or iso-C17 : 1ω9c) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Esther Menéndez, José David Flores-Félix, Rebeca Mulas, Fernando González Andrés, Mercedes Fernández-Pascual, Alvaro Peix, Encarna Velázquez
A bacterial strain designated RTAE36T was isolated from wheat roots in northern Spain. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the isolate into the genus Paenibacillus with its closest relative being Paenibacillus borealis DSM 13188T with 97.7 % sequence similarity. Cells of the isolate were facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, motile and sporulating rods. Catalase and oxidase were positive. Gelatin, casein and starch were not hydrolysed. Growth was supported by many carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon sources...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yu-Song Fu, Firasat Hussain, Neeli Habib, Inam Ullah Khan, Xiao Chu, Yan-Qing Duan, Xiao-Yang Zhi, Xing Chen, Wen-Jun Li
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterial strain, designated YIM X0211T, was isolated from a soil sample of Shiling County, Yunnan Province, south-west China. The new isolate was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The strain grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0 and with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl. It was positive for catalase and oxidase but negative for H2S production. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain YIM X0211T fell within the cluster comprising Sphingobacterium species and clustered with Sphingobacterium mizutaii DSM 11724T (97...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jun Hyeong Jang, Seho Cha, Dongwook Lee, Sathiyaraj Srinivasan, Weonhwa Jheong, Ha Sung Hwang, Myung Kyum Kim, Taegun Seo
A yellow-colored Gram-negative strain, Arct 1-12(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected in Seoul Women's University, South Korea, and grown on R2A agar at 25 °C. Growth of strain Arct 1-12(T) was observed at a temperature range of 15-30 °C (optimal 25 °C), but not at 4 or 42 °C. The strain tolerated up to 1% NaCl (w/v) and displayed optimal growth in the absence of NaCl. Growth occurred at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimally at pH 7). According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence, the strain is moderately related to Spirosoma spitsbergense DSM 19989(T) (93...
July 12, 2017: Current Microbiology
Hayoung Cho, Jae-Hyung Ahn, Hang-Yeon Weon, Jae-Ho Joa, Seung-Beom Hong, Soon-Ja Seok, Jeong-Seon Kim, Soon-Wo Kwon, Soo-Jin Kim
A bacterial strain, designated T16E-198T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plant collected from a farm on Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-flagellated and yellow-pigmented. Strain T16E-198T was mesophilic, catalase- and oxidase-positive and with flexirubin-type pigments. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T16E-198T formed a lineage with Parafilimonas terrae 5GHs7-2T, sharing highest sequence similarity of 98...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Joo Won Kang, Ji Hee Lee, Han Na Choe, Chi Nam Seong
A non-motile, red-pink-coloured, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain POB6T, was isolated from a wastewater treatment facility, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B). The strain contained menaquinone MK-7 as the only isoprenoid quinone, phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipid and sym-homospermidine as the major polyamine...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Michał Karpiński, Janusz Popko, Katarzyna Maresz, Vladimir Badmaev, Sidney J Stohs
The research on skeletal system health in children and young adults, while recognizing the important role of calcium and vitamin D, goes beyond these nutritional standards. This review focuses on the role of vitamin K in combination with vitamin D and other factors in bone health. The current understanding is that maintaining bone health and prevention of low-energy fractures in any pediatric population includes nutritional factors combined with an active lifestyle. Calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin K supplementation contribute independently and collectively to bone health...
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Munusamy Madhaiyan, Selvaraj Poonguzhali, Venkatakrishnan Sivaraj Saravanan, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Soon-Wo Kwon, William B Whitman
A novel xylanolytic and cellulolytic strain, BL9T, was isolated from leaves of the Bamboo plants maintained at the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Campus, Coimbatore, India. On the basis of the results of 16S rRNA gene analysis, it was determined to be phylogenetically close to the type strains of Paenibacillus amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290T (98.3 %), Paenibacillus barcinonensis BP-23T (98.1 %), Paenibacillus tundrae A10bT (98.0 %) and Paenibacillus xylanexedens B22aT (97.6 %). The strain stained Gram variable and was aerobic, motile and catalase- and oxidase-positive, with rod-shaped cells...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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