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Implant Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101784/dental-implants-and-grafting-success-remain-high-despite-large-variations-in-maxillary-sinus-mucosal-thickening
#1
Bartosz Maska, Guo-Hao Lin, Abdullah Othman, Shabnam Behdin, Suncica Travan, Erika Benavides, Yvonne Kapila
BACKGROUND: Although mucosal thickening is the most common radiographic finding observed regarding sinus pathology, the knowledge regarding its clinical significance on the outcomes of dental implants and grafting in the maxillary sinuses is still limited. We hypothesized that mucosal thickening would not alter the predictability for sinus floor augmentation and dental implant placement. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of dental implant placement in sinus-augmented areas with preexisting sinus mucosal thickening...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076936/histochemical-and-morphological-aspects-of-fresh-frozen-bone-a-preliminary-study
#2
F S De Ponte, G Cutroneo, R Falzea, G Rizzo, L Catalfamo, A Favaloro, G Vermiglio, M Runci, A Centofanti, G Anastasi
Bone graft are used in dentistry for the reconstruction of severely atrophic jaws. Fresh frozen bone has no osteogenic property but it has osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties because its matrix contains growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate morphological and protein expression characteristics of fresh frozen bone before graft and after six months of graft in patients who needed maxillary reconstruction. After 6 month of graft we observed the presence of viable bone as evidenced by full osteocyte lacunae and by the presence of RANKR, osteocalcin positive cells and vascular endothelial growth factor...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067755/vascular-structures-of-the-lateral-wall-of-the-maxillary-sinus-a-vascular-labeling-technique
#3
José Caraballo, Alba Gálvez, María Cristina Manzanares-Céspedes, Iván Valdivia-Gandur, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
PURPOSE: Sinus floor augmentation is a common procedure in implant dentistry. However, several intraoperative complications can occur during this procedure, such as bleeding from the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to describe the vascular structures of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus using a vascular labeling technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten cadaveric specimens were prepared by the vascular labeling technique. Liquid latex was injected into the large vessels of the head, and the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus was exposed by dissection...
January 6, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066993/developing-a-biomimetic-tooth-bud-model
#4
Elizabeth E Smith, Weibo Zhang, Nathan R Schiele, Ali Khademhosseini, Catherine K Kuo, Pamela C Yelick
A long-term goal is to bioengineer, fully functional, living teeth for regenerative medicine and dentistry applications. Biologically based replacement teeth would avoid insufficiencies of the currently used dental implants. Using natural tooth development as a guide, a model was fabricated using post-natal porcine dental epithelial (pDE), porcine dental mesenchymal (pDM) progenitor cells, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) encapsulated within gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels. Previous publications have shown that post-natal DE and DM cells seeded onto synthetic scaffolds exhibited mineralized tooth crowns composed of dentin and enamel...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059080/scaling-of-titanium-implants-entrains-inflammation-induced-osteolysis
#5
Michal Eger, Nir Sterer, Tamar Liron, David Kohavi, Yankel Gabet
With millions of new dental and orthopedic implants inserted annually, periprosthetic osteolysis becomes a major concern. In dentistry, peri-implantitis management includes cleaning using ultrasonic scaling. We examined whether ultrasonic scaling releases titanium particles and induces inflammation and osteolysis. Titanium discs with machined, sandblasted/acid-etched and sandblasted surfaces were subjected to ultrasonic scaling and we physically and chemically characterized the released particles. These particles induced a severe inflammatory response in macrophages and stimulated osteoclastogenesis...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056602/the-potential-of-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-delivery-using-a-collagen-membrane-for-bone-regeneration
#6
Tadahiro Takayama, Jisen Dai, Keita Tachi, Ryutaro Shohara, Hironori Kasai, Kentaro Imamura, Seiichi Yamano
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a cytokine that is important in stem and progenitor cell recruitment in tissue repair after injury. Regenerative procedures using collagen membranes (CMs) are presently well established in periodontal and implant dentistry. The objective of this study is to test the subsequent effects of the released SDF-1 from a CM on bone regeneration compared to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in vitro and in vivo. For in vitro studies, cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteoblastic differentiation marker genes were assessed after MC3T3-E1 mouse preosteoblasts were cultured with CMs containing factors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034369/implant-dentistry-growing-our-opportunities
#7
EDITORIAL
James R Hupp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028971/assessment-of-pain-when-uncovering-implants-with-er-yag-laser-or-scalpel-for-second-stage-surgery
#8
Jacek Matys, Marzena Dominiak
BACKGROUND: Different methods aimed at decreasing pain during some soft tissue procedures in dentistry are still under research. Modern devices as lasers could be a method to reduce the pain and duration of second stage implant surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the pain and the impression quality when uncovering implants with a laser and with a scalpel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis included 60 implants (Dentium SuperLine, Suwon, Korea) in 30 patients (23 women and 7 men) aged 25-69...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008430/surgical-and-prosthetic-dental-rehabilitation-through-a-complete-digital-workflow-a-case-report
#9
Panagiotis Tsirogiannis, Sascha Pieger, Stavros Pelekanos, Stefanos Kourtis
Several aspects of digital dentistry have recently been improved, including new materials, navigated implant placement, digital impression in combination with virtual articulation, and the computer-aided processes of designing and manufacturing of prosthetic restorations. In this case report, the prosthodontic treatment of a patient through a complete digital workflow is presented. A 39-year-old male patient presented for restoration of missing teeth in the posterior maxilla and mandible. In a single-tooth narrow gap (region 15), a Straumann NNC implant was placed by computer-assisted planning and navigation...
2016: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002717/vertical-alveolar-ridge-augmentation-in-implant-dentistry-a-surgical-manual-and-horizontal-alveolar-ridge-augmentation-in-implant-dentistry-a-surgical-manual-tolstunov-l-ed-hoboken-nj-john-wiley-sons-inc-hoboken-new-jersey
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000282/coverage-of-mucosal-recessions-at-dental-implants
#11
REVIEW
Anton Sculean, Vivianne Chappuis, Raluca Cosgarea
Facial peri-implant mucosal recessions represent an increasing complication in implant dentistry and may negatively affect the esthetic outcome and patient satisfaction. The aim of the present paper is to provide a review on the potential causes of facial peri-implant mucosal recessions and to provide a rationale for treatment along with possible treatment options. The available data indicate that soft tissue augmentation around dental implants is possible, but at present there is no evidence demonstrating that the augmented soft tissues are able to influence the peri-implant bone levels (e...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000281/clinical-relevance-of-dimensional-bone-and-soft-tissue-alterations-post-extraction-in-esthetic-sites
#12
REVIEW
Vivianne Chappuis, Mauricio G Araújo, Daniel Buser
The key to achieving pleasing esthetics in implant dentistry is a thorough understanding of the biological processes driving dimensional bone and soft tissue alterations post-extraction. The aim of the present report is first to characterize the extent of bone and soft tissue changes post-extraction and second to identify potential factors influencing tissue preservation in order to facilitate successful treatment outcomes. The facial bone wall thickness has been identified as the most critical factor influencing bone resorption and can be used as a prognostic tool in order to identify sites at risk for future facial bone loss subsequent to tooth extraction...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000280/modern-implant-dentistry-based-on-osseointegration-50%C3%A2-years-of-progress-current-trends-and-open-questions
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Buser, Lars Sennerby, Hugo De Bruyn
In the 1960s and 1970s, implant-supported prostheses based on subperiosteal or blade implants had a poor reputation because of questionable clinical outcomes and lack of scientific documentation. The change to a scientifically sound discipline was initiated by the two scientific pioneers of modern implant dentistry, Professor P. I. Brånemark from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden and Professor André Schroeder from the University of Bern in Switzerland. Together with their teams, and independently of each other, they laid the foundation for the most significant development and paradigm shift in dental medicine...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000279/esthetic-assessments-in-implant-dentistry-objective-and-subjective-criteria-for-clinicians-and-patients
#14
REVIEW
Jan Cosyn, Daniel S Thoma, Christoph H F Hämmerle, Hugo De Bruyn
In recent years the scientific community has shown a clear interest in the esthetic outcome of implant treatment. The present paper provides an overview of the esthetic ratings that have been used in implant dentistry. A distinction can be made between objective evaluations by clinicians and subjective evaluations by patients. The former mainly include: midfacial and interproximal soft-tissue levels; two-dimensional/three-dimensional soft-tissue alterations; assessment of the color match between the natural dentition, on the one hand, and the peri-implant tissues and the reconstruction, on the other hand; and ordinal indices, such as the pink and white esthetic score...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000278/implant-placement-post-extraction-in-esthetic-single-tooth-sites-when-immediate-when-early-when-late
#15
REVIEW
Daniel Buser, Vivianne Chappuis, Urs C Belser, Stephen Chen
Implant placement in post-extraction sites of single teeth in the esthetic zone has been a topic of great interest in the field of implant dentistry since 1990. Triggered by the development of guided bone regeneration, the concept of immediate implant placement became quite popular in the 1990s. In the past 12 years, however, the dental community has begun to focus increasingly on the esthetic outcomes of post-extraction implant placement and several studies indicated a significant risk for the development of mucosal recessions with immediate implants...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000273/evolution-of-loading-protocols-in-implant-dentistry-for-partially-dentate-arches
#16
REVIEW
Dean Morton, Adrien Pollini
Better outcomes for patients receiving dental implants as part of oral rehabilitation remains a constant goal. Advances in implant design, clinical protocols and biomaterials provide opportunities to accelerate treatment, increasing efficiency, predictability and patient satisfaction. It is important to understand that these changes can result in negative outcomes and increased risk. This article reviews the existing published evidence relating to accelerated clinical protocols and patient outcomes. Subsequent to the review, clinical recommendations are offered...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000270/use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-implant-dentistry-current-concepts-indications-and-limitations-for-clinical-practice-and-research
#17
REVIEW
Michael M Bornstein, Keith Horner, Reinhilde Jacobs
Diagnostic radiology is an essential component of treatment planning in the field of implant dentistry. This narrative review will present current concepts for the use of cone beam computed tomography imaging, before and after implant placement, in daily clinical practice and research. Guidelines for the selection of three-dimensional imaging will be discussed, and limitations will be highlighted. Current concepts of radiation dose optimization, including novel imaging modalities using low-dose protocols, will be presented...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000268/implants-for-elderly-patients
#18
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller, Valérie Suter, Daniel Buser
In the developed world, the large birth cohorts of the so-called baby boomer generation have arrived in medical and dental practices. Often, elderly patients are 'young-old' baby boomers in whom partial edentulism is the predominant indication for implant therapy. However, the generation 85+ years of age represents a new challenge for the dental profession, as their lives are frequently dominated by dependency, multimorbidity and frailty. In geriatric implant dentistry, treatment planning is highly individualized, as interindividual differences become more pronounced with age...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995723/masteronline-periodontology-and-implant-therapy-revisited-after-seven-years-a-case-study-of-the-structures-and-outcomes-in-a-blended-learning-cpd
#19
P Ratka-Krüger, J P Wölber, J Blank, K Holst, I Hörmeyer, E Vögele
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD), specifically in the field of periodontology. Despite the plenty of periodontal CPDs, there is a lack of information about the performance of CPDs in a blended learning setting. This study is a case study of the structures and outcomes in a blended learning CPD programme in periodontology, the MasterOnline Periodontology and Implant Therapy hosted by the University of Freiburg's Dental School...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987891/the-use-of-heparin-chemistry-to-improve-dental-osteogenesis-associated-with-implants
#20
Sang Jin Lee, Min Soo Bae, Deok Won Lee, Dong Nyoung Heo, Donghyun Lee, Min Heo, Seoung-Jin Hong, Joohyoung Kim, Wan Doo Kim, Su A Park, Il Keun Kwon
In this study, we designed a hybrid Ti by heparin modifying the Ti surface followed by Growth/differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) loading. After that, products were characterized by physicochemical analysis. Quantitative analysis of functionalized groups was also confirmed. The release behavior of GDF-5 grafted samples was confirmed for up to 21days. The surface modification process was found to be successful and to effectively immobilize GDF-5 and provide for its sustained release behavior. As an in vitro test, GDF-5 loaded Ti showed significantly enhanced osteogenic differentiation with increased calcium deposition under nontoxic conditions against periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSc)...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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