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Nociceptin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871910/pharmacological-studies-on-the-nop-and-opioid-receptor-agonist-pwt2-dmt-1-n-ofq-1-13
#1
Maria Camilla Cerlesi, Huiping Ding, Mark F Bird, Norikazu Kiguchi, Federica Ferrari, Davide Malfacini, Anna Rizzi, Chiara Ruzza, David G Lambert, Mei-Chuan Ko, Girolamo Calo, Remo Guerrini
An innovative chemical strategy named peptide welding technology (PWT) has been developed for the facile synthesis of tetrabranched peptides. [Dmt(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH2 acts as a universal agonist for nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and classical opioid receptors. The present study investigated the pharmacological profile of the PWT derivative of [Dmt(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH2 (PWT2-[Dmt(1)]) in several assays in vitro and in vivo after spinal administration in monkeys subjected to the tail withdrawal assay. PWT2-[Dmt(1)] mimicked the effects of [Dmt(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH2 displaying full agonist activity, similar affinity/potency and selectivity at human recombinant N/OFQ (NOP) and opioid receptors in receptor binding, stimulation of [(35)S]GTPγS binding, calcium mobilization in cells expressing chimeric G proteins, and BRET studies for measuring receptor/G-protein and receptor/β-arrestin 2 interaction...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793733/post-blast-treatment-with-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-peptide-nop-receptor-antagonist-reduces-brain-injury-induced-hypoxia-and-signaling-proteins-in-vestibulomotor-related-brain-regions
#2
Hibah O Awwad, Cindy D Durand, Larry P Gonzalez, Paul Tompkins, Yong Zhang, Megan R Lerner, Daniel J Brackett, David M Sherry, Vibhudutta Awasthi, Kelly M Standifer
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) diagnoses have increased due to aggressive sports and blast-related injuries, but the cellular mechanisms and pathology underlying mTBI are not completely understood. Previous reports indicate that Nociceptin Orphanin/FQ (N/OFQ), an endogenous neuropeptide, contributes to post-injury ischemia following mechanical brain injury, yet its specific role in cerebral hypoxia, vestibulomotor function and injury marker expression following blast-induced TBI is not known. This study is the first to identify a direct association of N/OFQ and its N/OFQ peptide (NOP) receptor with TBI-induced changes following a single 80psi head blast exposure in male rats...
October 25, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780725/in-vitro-functional-characterization-of-novel-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-receptor-agonists-in-recombinant-and-native-preparations
#3
Federica Ferrari, Maria Camilla Cerlesi, Davide Malfacini, Laila Asth, Elaine C Gavioli, Blair V Journigan, Uma Gayathri Kamakolanu, Michael E Meyer, Dennis Yasuda, Willma E Polgar, Anna Rizzi, Remo Guerrini, Chiara Ruzza, Nurulain T Zaveri, Girolamo Calo
Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) regulates several biological functions via selective activation of the N/OFQ receptor (NOP). In this study novel nonpeptide NOP ligands were characterized in vitro in receptor binding and [(35)S]GTPγS stimulated binding in membranes of cells expressing human NOP and classical opioid receptors, calcium mobilization assay in cells coexpressing the receptors and chimeric G proteins, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) based assay for studying NOP receptor interaction with G protein and arrestin, the electrically stimulated mouse vas deferens and the mouse colon bioassays...
December 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779481/a-novel-non-opioid-binding-site-for-endomorphin-1
#4
I Lengyel, F Toth, D Biyashev, I Szatmari, K Monory, C Tomboly, G Toth, S Benyhe, A Borsodi
Endomorphins are natural amidated opioid tetrapeptides with the following structure: Tyr-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH2 (endomorphin-1), and Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2 (endomorphin-2). Endomorphins interact selectively with the μ-opioid or MOP receptors and exhibit nanomolar or sub-nanomolar receptor binding affinities, therefore they suggested to be endogenous agonists for the μ-opioid receptors. Endomorphins mediate a number of characteristic opioid effects, such as antinociception, however there are several physiological functions in which endomorphins appear to act in a fashion that does not involve binding to and activation of the μ-opioid receptor...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778406/cebranopadol-novel-dual-opioid-nop-receptor-agonist-analgesic
#5
R B Raffa, G Burdge, J Gambrah, H E Kinecki, F Lin, B Lu, J T Nguyen, V Phan, A Ruan, M A Sesay, T N Watkins
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain presents a difficult clinical challenge because of the limited efficacy, the limiting adverse-effect profile or the abuse potential of current analgesic options. Cebranopadol is a novel new agent in clinical trials that combines dual agonist action at opioid and nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptors. It is the first truly unique, centrally acting analgesic in several years. We here review the basic and clinical pharmacology of cebranopadol...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696442/nociceptin-receptor-as-a-target-to-treat-alcohol-use-disorder-challenges-in-advancing-medications-development
#6
Raye Z Litten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667485/functional-pharmacological-characterisation-of-ser100-in-cardiovascular-health-and-disease
#7
Inmaculada C Villar, Kristen J Bubb, Amie J Moyes, Eva Steiness, Trygve Gulbrandsen, Finn Olav Levy, Adrian J Hobbs
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: SER100 is a selective nociceptin receptor (NOP) agonist with sodium-potassium-sparing aquaretic and anti-natriuretic activity. This study was designed to characterize the functional cardiovascular pharmacology of SER100 in vitro and in vivo, including experimental models of cardiovascular disease. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Haemodynamic, ECG parameters and heart rate variability (HRV) were determined using radiotelemetry in healthy, conscious mice...
September 25, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573832/a-novel-orvinol-analog-bu08028-as-a-safe-opioid-analgesic-without-abuse-liability-in-primates
#8
Huiping Ding, Paul W Czoty, Norikazu Kiguchi, Gerta Cami-Kobeci, Devki D Sukhtankar, Michael A Nader, Stephen M Husbands, Mei-Chuan Ko
Despite the critical need, no previous research has substantiated safe opioid analgesics without abuse liability in primates. Recent advances in medicinal chemistry have led to the development of ligands with mixed mu opioid peptide (MOP)/nociceptin-orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptor agonist activity to achieve this objective. BU08028 is a novel orvinol analog that displays a similar binding profile to buprenorphine with improved affinity and efficacy at NOP receptors. The aim of this preclinical study was to establish the functional profile of BU08028 in monkeys using clinically used MOP receptor agonists for side-by-side comparisons in various well-honed behavioral and physiological assays...
September 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562660/nociceptin-reduces-the-inflammatory-immune-microenvironment-in-a-conventional-murine-model-of-airway-hyperresponsiveness
#9
G Spaziano, R Sorrentino, M Matteis, G Malgieri, M Sgambato, T P Russo, M Terlizzi, F Roviezzo, F Rossi, A Pinto, R Fattorusso, B D'Agostino
BACKGROUND: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP) are involved in airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation. However, the role of nociceptin at modulating the inflammatory immune microenvironment in asthma is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To understand the role of N/OFQ in the regulation of a Th2-like environment, we used a conventional murine model of AHR. METHODS: Balb/c and CD1 mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) and treated with saline solution or N/OFQ, at days 0 and 7...
October 5, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562376/genetic-deletion-of-the-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-receptor-in-the-rat-confers-resilience-to-the-development-of-drug-addiction
#10
Marsida Kallupi, Giulia Scuppa, Giordano de Guglielmo, Girolamo Calò, Friedbert Weiss, Michael A Statnick, Linda M Rorick-Kehn, Roberto Ciccocioppo
The nociceptin (NOP) receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor whose natural ligand is the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide. Evidence from pharmacological studies suggests that the N/OFQ system is implicated in the regulation of several addiction-related phenomena, such as drug intake, withdrawal and relapse. Here, to further explore the role of NOP system in addiction, we used NOP (-/-) rats to study the motivation for cocaine, heroin and alcohol self-administration in the absence of N/OFQ function. Conditioned place preference (CPP) and saccharin (0...
August 26, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515665/the-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-receptor-agonist-sr-8993-as-a-candidate-therapeutic-for-alcohol-use-disorders-validation-in-rat-models
#11
Abdul Maruf Asif Aziz, Shaun Brothers, Gregory Sartor, Lovisa Holm, Markus Heilig, Claes Wahlestedt, Annika Thorsell
RATIONALE: Alcoholism is a complex disorder in which diverse pathophysiological processes contribute to initiation and progression, resulting in a high degree of heterogeneity among patients. Few pharmacotherapies are presently available, and patient responses to these are variable. The nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NOP) receptor has been suggested to play a role both in alcohol reward and in negatively reinforced alcohol seeking. Previous studies have shown that NOP-receptor activation reduces alcohol intake in genetically selected alcohol-preferring as well as alcohol-dependent rats...
October 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510299/a-selective-nociceptin-receptor-antagonist-to-treat-depression-evidence-from-preclinical-and-clinical-studies
#12
Anke Post, Trevor S Smart, Judith Krikke-Workel, Gerard R Dawson, Catherine J Harmer, Michael Browning, Kimberley Jackson, Rishi Kakar, Richard Mohs, Michael Statnick, Keith Wafford, Andrew McCarthy, Vanessa Barth, Jeffrey M Witkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491383/nociceptin-orphanin-fq-receptor-gene-variation-is-associated-with-smoking-status-in-japanese
#13
Shinya Kasai, Daisuke Nishizawa, Junko Hasegawa, Naomi Sato, Fumihiko Tanioka, Haruhiko Sugimura, Kazutaka Ikeda
AIM: The endogenous opioid system has been reportedly implicated in tobacco/nicotine dependence. MATERIALS & METHODS: We examined the genetic effects of eight SNPs in opioid receptor-related genes on smoking status and smoking-related traits in Japanese. RESULTS: The genotypic and allelic variations of the rs2229205 SNP in the OPRL1 gene were significantly associated with smoking status, but no significant differences were found in the genetic variations of any of the SNPs with regard to smoking-related traits...
August 2016: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469369/opioidergic-effects-on-enteric-and-sensory-nerves-in-the-lower-gi-tract-basic-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#14
REVIEW
Patrick A Hughes, Samuel P Costello, Robert V Bryant, Jane M Andrews
Opioids are one of the most prescribed drug classes for treating acute pain. However, chronic use is often associated with tolerance as well as debilitating side effects, including nausea and dependence, which are mediated by the central nervous system, as well as constipation emerging from effects on the enteric nervous system. These gastrointestinal (GI) side effects limit the usefulness of opioids in treating pain in many patients. Understanding the mechanism(s) of action of opioids on the nervous system that shows clinical benefit as well as those that have unwanted effects is critical for the improvement of opioid drugs...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435979/proof-of-concept-study-to-assess-the-nociceptin-receptor-antagonist-ly2940094-as-a-new-treatment-for-alcohol-dependence
#15
Anke Post, Trevor S Smart, Kimberley Jackson, Joanne Mann, Richard Mohs, Linda Rorick-Kehn, Michael Statnick, Raymond Anton, Stephanie S O'Malley, Conrad J Wong
BACKGROUND: This was a proof-of-concept study to evaluate the efficacy of LY2940094, a nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide receptor antagonist, in reducing alcohol consumption in actively alcohol-drinking patients with alcohol dependence. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients, 21 to 66 years of age, diagnosed with alcohol dependence, reporting 3 to 6 heavy drinking days per week, were randomized (1:1) to 8 weeks of treatment with once-daily oral placebo (N = 44) or 40 mg/d of LY2940094 (N = 44)...
September 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430399/repeated-nicotine-exposure-modulates-prodynorphin-and-pronociceptin-levels-in-the-reward-pathway
#16
Lucia Carboni, Benedetto Romoli, Patrizia Romualdi, Michele Zoli
BACKGROUND: Nicotine dependence is maintained by neurobiological adaptations in the dopaminergic brain reward pathway with the contribution of opioidergic circuits. This study assessed the role of opioid peptides and receptors on the molecular changes associated with nicotine dependence. To this aim we analysed nicotine effects on opioid gene and receptor expression in the reward pathway in a nicotine sensitization model. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats received nicotine administrations for five days and locomotor activity assessment showed the development of sensitization...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371029/changes-in-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-levels-in-rat-brain-regions-after-acute-and-chronic-cannabinoid-treatment-in-conjunction-with-the-development-of-antinociceptive-tolerance
#17
Ahmet Ulugol, Ruhan D Topuz, Ozgur Gunduz, Gulnur Kizilay, Hakan C Karadag
It has been indicated that acute and chronic morphine administrations enhance nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) levels in the brain, which might play role in the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of morphine. Accordingly, N/OFQ receptor (NOP) antagonists have been shown to prevent the development of antinociceptive tolerance to morphine. Our aim is to observe whether cannabinoids, similarly to opioids, enhance N/OFQ levels in pain-related brain regions and whether antagonism of NOP receptors attenuates the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effect of cannabinoids...
December 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353045/occupancy-of-nociceptin-orphanin-fq-peptide-receptors-by-the-antagonist-ly2940094-in-rats-and-healthy-human-subjects
#18
Eyas Raddad, Amy Chappell, Jeffery Meyer, Alan Wilson, Charles E Ruegg, Johannes Tauscher, Michael A Statnick, Vanessa Barth, Xin Zhang, Steven J Verfaille
Therapeutic benefits from nociceptin opioid peptide receptor (NOP) antagonism were proposed for obesity, eating disorders, and depression. LY2940094 ([2-[4-[(2-chloro-4,4-difluoro-spiro[5H-thieno[2,3-c]pyran-7,4'-piperidine]-1'-yl)methyl]-3-methyl-pyrazol-1-yl]-3-pyridyl]methanol) is a novel, orally bioavailable, potent, and selective NOP antagonist. We studied NOP receptor occupancy (RO) after single oral LY2940094 doses in rat hypothalamus and human brain by use of liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) (LSN2810397) and positron emission tomography (PET) ([(11)C]NOP-1A) tracers, respectively...
September 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307289/phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induces-nociceptin-in-human-mono-mac-6-cells-via-multiple-transduction-signalling-pathways
#19
L Zhang, F Stuber, C Lippuner, M Schiff, U M Stamer
BACKGROUND: Nociceptin in the peripheral circulation has been proposed to have an immunoregulatory role with regards to inflammation and pain. However, the mechanisms involved in its regulation are still not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate signalling pathways contributing to the regulation of the expression of nociceptin under inflammatory conditions. METHODS: Mono Mac 6 cells (MM6) were cultured with or without phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)...
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272042/characterisation-of-the-novel-mixed-mu-nop-peptide-ligand-dermorphin-n-ofq-deno
#20
Mark F Bird, Maria Camilla Cerlesi, Mark Brown, Davide Malfacini, Vanessa Vezzi, Paola Molinari, Laura Micheli, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Carla Ghelardini, Remo Guerrini, Girolamo Calò, David G Lambert
INTRODUCTION: Opioid receptors are currently classified as Mu (μ), Delta (δ), Kappa (κ) plus the opioid related nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide receptor (NOP). Despite compelling evidence for interactions and benefits of targeting more than one receptor type in producing analgesia, clinical ligands are Mu agonists. In this study we have designed a Mu-NOP agonist named DeNo. The Mu agonist component is provided by dermorphin, a peptide isolated from the skin of Phyllomedusa frogs and the NOP component by the endogenous agonist N/OFQ...
2016: PloS One
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