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Candida infections in childrens

Fabio de Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Andrea Lenzi, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Marion Burger
BACKGROUND: Candida species are the primary cause of invasive fungal infection in hospitalized children. There are few data on risk factors for postoperative candidemia in pediatric patients with congenital heart defects. This study aimed to identify risk factors for candidemia in patients with congenital heart defects who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted in patients admitted to a pediatric cardiology intensive care unit from January 2006 to December 2013...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Elena M Marín Martínez, Ana Isabel Aller García, Estrella Martín-Mazuelos
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) has increased in recent years due to there being a greater number of risk factors. IFI caused by Candida is the most frequent, and although Candida albicans is the most isolated species, there is currently a decrease of C. albicans and an increase of other species of the genus. AIMS: To analyse the epidemiology, risk factors, and antifungal susceptibility of blood culture isolates of non-C.albicans Candida species in our hospital in the last 12years...
October 13, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Jin Xiao, Yonghwi Moon, Lihua Li, Elena Rustchenko, Hironao Wakabayashi, Xiaoyi Zhao, Changyong Feng, Steven R Gill, Sean McLaren, Hans Malmstrom, Yanfang Ren, Robert Quivey, Hyun Koo, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski
INTRODUCTION: Candida albicans has been detected together with Streptococcus mutans in high numbers in plaque-biofilm from children with early childhood caries (ECC). The goal of this study was to examine the C. albicans carriage in children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and the maternal relatedness. METHODS: Subjects in this pilot cross-sectional study were recruited based on a convenient sample. DMFT(S)/dmft(s) caries and plaque scores were assessed during a comprehensive oral exam...
2016: PloS One
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Mariana Nadal Cardoso, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Gregory Jaeger, Marion Burger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with death due to bloodstream infection caused by Candida spp. in pediatric patients and evaluate the resistance to the main anti-fungal used in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational, analytical study with retrospective collection that included 65 hospitalized pediatric patients with bloodstream infection by Candida spp. A univariate analysis was performed to estimate the association between the characteristics of the candidemia patients and death...
October 3, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Leticia Yañez, Pamela Lama, Carolina Rivacoba, Juanita Zamorano, Maria Angélica Marinovic
: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are congenital disorders secondary to an impaired immune response. Infections, autoimmune disorders, atopy, and lymphoproliferative syndromes are commonly associated with this disorder. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss 3 infants diagnosed with PID. CLINICAL CASES: The cases are presented of three patients with PID diagnosed during their first admission to a Paediatric Intensive Critical Care Unit...
September 27, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Alessio Mesini, Roberto Bandettini, Ilaria Caviglia, Francesca Fioredda, Loredana Amoroso, Maura Faraci, Girolamo Mattioli, Giorgio Piaggio, Francesco M Risso, Andrea Moscatelli, Anna Loy, Elio Castagnola
To describe the epidemiology of invasive Candida infection in a tertiary care paediatric hospital. Prospective single-centre survey on all Candida strains isolated from normally sterile fluids and urines in the period 2005-2015 . A total of 299 ICI were documented in 262 patients. Urinary tract infection represented the most frequent diagnosis (62%), followed by fungaemia (34%) and peritonitis (4%). Fungaemia was most frequent in children with cancer (59%) or in low birth weight neonates (61%), while urinary tract infections were more frequent in patients with urinary tract malformation...
September 29, 2016: Mycoses
Ana L Costa, Branca M A Silva, Rui Soares, Diana Mota, Vera Alves, Alice Mirante, João C Ramos, João Maló de Abreu, Manuel Santos-Rosa, Francisco Caramelo, Teresa Gonçalves
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is considered a risk factor associated with oral yeast infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the yeast oral carriage (in saliva and mucosal surface) of children with T1D and potential relation with host factors, particularly the subset of CD4+ T cells. Yeasts were quantified and identified in stimulated saliva and in cheek mucosal swabs of 133 diabetic T1D and 72 healthy control subjects. Salivary lymphocytes were quantified using flow cytometry. The presence of yeasts in the oral cavity (60% of total patients) was not affected by diabetes, metabolic control, duration of the disease, salivary flow rate or saliva buffer capacity, by age, sex, place of residence, number of daily meals, consumption of sweets or frequency of tooth brushing...
September 24, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
İlker Devrim, Rana İşgüder, Hasan Ağın, Gökhan Ceylan, Yüce Ayhan, Özlem Sara Sandal, Ferhat Sarı, Ahu Kara, Mine Düzgöl, Gamze Gülfidan, Nuri Bayram
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the correlation of caspofungin E-tests with the prognosis and response to caspofungin therapy of Candida parapsilosis complex bloodstream infections in children hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: All children who had C. parapsilosis complex bloodstream infections and who were treated with caspofungin were included in this retrospective study. For each patient, the following parameters, including all consecutive blood and central venous catheter (CVC) cultures, the duration between diagnosis and CVC removal, mortality rate, relapses of the C...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Meirong Li, Zhuanggui Chen, Songchao Yin, Ruzeng Xue, Zhirui Chen, Huaiqiu Huang, Ling Wei, Chun Lu, Gerit Sybren De Hoog, Wei Lai, Peiying Feng
Onychomycosis is a rare nail disorder in early childhood, while onychomadesis is a periodic idiopathic, non-inflammatory disease that affects the nail matrix and is common in children especially in those who suffer from viral infections. In this study, we investigated recent cases of onychomycosis subsequent to periods of onychomadesis in children. Sixteen young children (six males, 10 females) with a mean age of 36.5 months were diagnosed with onychomadesis, and 13 of the patients had a history of viral infection prior to nail changes...
September 12, 2016: Mycoses
J T Ramos, L Francisco, Z Daoud
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised adults and children. The purpose of this review was to update the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic options in children, and to compare them with the adult population. Although there are important differences, the epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors for IFI have many similarities. Patient at risk include neutropenic hematology children, in whom Candida spp. y Aspergillus spp. predominate; primary immunodeficiencies, particularly chronic granulomatous disease with high susceptibility for Aspergillus spp...
September 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
K Diongue, M A Diallo, M Ndiaye, A S Badiane, M C Seck, A Diop, Y D Ndiaye, D Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: Superficial fungal infections, particularly of the skin, scalp and nails are very common and have been reported worldwide. The most common causative agents of these mycoses are dermatophytes, yeasts and molds. However, these agents vary with time and depend on many factors including the geography. The objective of this study was to identify the causative agents of superficial mycoses diagnosed at the Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar (Senegal). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study concerned 1851 outpatients received in the parasitological and mycological laboratory of Le Dantec hospital during the period from January 2011 to December 2015...
August 31, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Rana F Hamdy, Theoklis E Zaoutis, Susan K Seo
Antifungal stewardship refers to coordinated interventions to monitor and direct the appropriate use of antifungal agents in order to achieve the best clinical outcomes and minimize selective pressure and adverse events. Antifungal utilization has steadily risen over time in concert with the increase in number of immunocompromised adults and children at risk for invasive fungal infections (IFI). Challenges in diagnosing IFI often lead to delays in treatment and poorer outcomes. There are also emerging data linking prior antifungal exposure and suboptimal dosing to the emergence of antifungal resistance, particularly for Candida...
September 2, 2016: Virulence
John Abuga Guto, Christine C Bii, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: Kenya is a developing country with a high rate of tuberculosis (TB) and a moderate HIV infection burden. No estimate of the burden of fungal diseases in Kenya is published. METHODOLOGY: We used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies from the literature to estimate national incidence or prevalence of serious fungal infections. Used sources were: 2010 WHO TB statistics, Kenya Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Epidemic Update 2012, Kenya Facts and figures 2012, Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-2009...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Wei-Ran Li, Si-Yan Deng, Min Shu, Yu Zhu, Yang Wen, Qin Guo, Qiong Liao, Chao-Min Wan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in children without underlying diseases. METHODS: The clinical data of 49 children without underlying diseases who were diagnosed with IFD were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Fungal pathogens were detected in 37 (76%) out of 49 patients, including Cryptococcus neoformans (17 children, 46%), Candida albicans (10 children, 27%), Aspergillus (3 children, 8%), and Candida parapsilosis (3 children, 8%)...
August 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
S Purwar, D Bhattacharya, S C Metgud, D Kumar, S D Chitambar, S Roy
BACKGROUND: Global, regional and national estimates clearly place diarrhoeal diseases as a major, albeit to an extant neglected public health problem. Deaths of children aged <5 years owing to diarrhoea was estimated to be 1.87 million at the global level (uncertainty range from 1.56 to 2.19 million), which is approximately 19% of total child deaths. OBJECTIVES: The present report is a cross-sectional study undertaken to estimate the role of various aetiological agents causing diarrhoea in North Karnataka and adjoining areas of Maharashtra and Goa...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Susanne Janum, Arash Afshari
BACKGROUND: Candida bloodstream infections most often affect those already suffering serious, potentially life-threatening conditions and often cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most affected persons have a central venous catheter (CVC) in place. The best CVC management in these cases has been widely debated in recent years, while the incidence of candidaemia has markedly increased. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this review is to examine the impact of removing versus retaining a CVC on mortality in adults and children with candidaemia who have a CVC in place...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Murat Sutcu, Nuran Salman, Hacer Akturk, Nazan Dalgıc, Ozden Turel, Canan Kuzdan, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Dicle Sener, Adem Karbuz, Zayre Erturan, Ayper Somer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to establish species distribution of Candida isolates from pediatric patients in Istanbul, Turkey, and to determine risk factors associated with nosocomial Candida infections. METHODS: This study was conducted between June 2013 and June 2014 by participation of 7 medical centers in Istanbul. Candida spp strains isolated from the clinical specimens of pediatric patients were included. Clinical features were recorded on a standardized data collection sheet...
June 20, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Fabio Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Andrea Lenzi, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Marion Burger
BACKGROUND: Candida species are the primary cause of invasive fungal infection in hospitalized children. There are few data on risk factors for postoperative candidemia in pediatric patients with congenital heart defects. This study aimed to identify risk factors for candidemia in patients with congenital heart defects who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted in patients admitted to a pediatric cardiology intensive care unit from January 2006 to December 2013...
June 10, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Renata Stawerska, Elżbieta Czkwianianc, Agnieszka Matusiak, Joanna Smyczyńska, Maciej Hilczer, Magdalena Chmiela, Andrzej Lewiński
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
R Mohammadi, B Ataei
BACKGROUND: Candida species are normal microflora of oral cavity, vagina, and gastrointestinal tract. They are the third most prevalent cause of pediatric health care-associated bloodstream fungal infection. This study aimed to provide an epidemiological feature of candidiasis and also presents an antifungal susceptibility profile of clinical Candida isolates among children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During July 2013 to February 2015, 105 patients from different hospitals of Isfahan, Iran, were examined for candidiasis by phenotypic tests...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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