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Dental Implantology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924766/quality-of-youtube-tm-videos-on-dental-implants
#1
A Abukaraky, A-A Hamdan, M-N Ameera, M Nasief, Y Hassona
BACKGROUND: Patients search YouTube for health-care information. PURPOSE: To examine what YouTube offers patients seeking information on dental implants, and to evaluate the quality of provided information. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of YouTube for videos containing information on dental implants was performed using the key words "Dental implant" and "Tooth replacement". Videos were examined by two senior Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery residents who were trained and calibrated to perform the search...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913523/dental-imaging-a-basic-guide-for-the-radiologist
#2
Max Masthoff, Mirjam Gerwing, Malte Masthoff, Maximilian Timme, Johannes Kleinheinz, Markus Berninger, Walter Heindel, Moritz Wildgruber, Christoph Schülke
BACKGROUND:  As dental imaging accounts for approximately 40 % of all X-ray examinations in Germany, profound knowledge of this topic is essential not only for the dentist but also for the clinical radiologist. This review focuses on basic imaging findings regarding the teeth. Therefore, tooth structure, currently available imaging techniques and common findings in conserving dentistry including endodontology, periodontology, implantology and dental trauma are presented. METHODS:  Literature research on the current state of dental radiology was performed using Pubmed...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862269/the-influence-of-the-crown-implant-ratio-on-the-crestal-bone-level-and-implant-secondary-stability-36-month-clinical-study
#3
Jakub Hadzik, Maciej Krawiec, Konstanty Sławecki, Christiane Kunert-Keil, Marzena Dominiak, Tomasz Gedrange
Introduction: When the era of dental implantology began, the pioneers defined some gold standards used in dental prosthetics treatment for implant-supported restorations. Referring to traditional prosthetics, it was taken for granted that the length of an implant placed in the alveolar bone (the equivalent of the root) should exceed the length of the superstructure. Aim of the Study: The aim of the study was to determine whether implant length and the crown-to-implant ( C / I ) ratio influence implant stability and the loss of the surrounding marginal bone and whether short implants can be used instead of sinus augmentation procedures...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849973/on-the-search-of-the-ideal-barrier-membrane-for-guided-bone-regeneration
#4
REVIEW
Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Antonio Munar-Frau, Octavi Ortiz-Puigpelat, David Soto-Penaloza, Miguel Peñarrocha, Federico Hernández-Alfaro
Background: GBRs are essential procedures in implant dentistry and periodontology where barrier membranes play an important role by isolating soft tissue and allowing bone to grow. Not all membranes function the same way, as they differ from their origin and structure, it is important to understand how membranes behave and differ one from others in order to achieve a predictable treatment. Material and Methods: A systematic search on Medline by two independent reviewers was performed for articles published until July 2017 reporting the characteristics or properties of barrier membranes...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771975/development-and-characterization-of-an-oral-multispecies-biofilm-implant-flow-chamber-model
#5
Nadine Kommerein, Katharina Doll, Nico S Stumpp, Meike Stiesch
Peri-implant infections are the most common cause of implant failure in modern dental implantology. These are caused by the formation of biofilms on the implant surface and consist of oral commensal and pathogenic bacteria, which harm adjacent soft and hard tissues and may ultimately lead to implant loss. In order to improve the clinical situation, there has to be a better understanding of biofilm formation on abiotic surfaces. Therefore, we successfully developed a system to cultivate an oral multispecies biofilm model in a flow chamber system, optimized for the evaluation of biofilm formation on solid materials by direct microscopic investigation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736592/a-preliminary-report-on-dental-implant-condition-among-dependent-elderly-based-on-the-survey-among-japanese-dental-practitioners
#6
REVIEW
Yuji Sato, Shigeto Koyama, Chikahiro Ohkubo, Shin Ogura, Ryutaro Kamijo, Soh Sato, Jun Aida, Yuichi Izumi, Mihoko Atsumi, Akio Isobe, Shunsuke Baba, Noriharu Ikumi, Fumihiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to ascertain the situation relevant to implants, the status of oral self-care, the status of aftercare provided by the dentist who placed the implant, and the usage status of the implant card, in homebound or institutionalized older adults who are receiving home-visit dental care due to the inability to visit a dental clinic on their own. METHODS: A survey questionnaire was sent by post mail to 2339 people who are representative members or dental specialists belonging to any of the following three academic societies: Japanese Society of Oral Implantology, Japanese Society of Gerodontology, and Japan Prosthodontic Society...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732681/incidental-finding-of-a-degrading-zirconia-dental-implant-29-months-after-implantation-histological-and-histomorphometrical-analysis
#7
Alireza Houshmand, Phil Donkiewicz, Ralf Smeets, Ole Jung, Mike Barbeck
With the emerging development and improvement of biomaterials, the application of ceramics in restorative medicine has experienced a renaissance. New production processes have reportedly helped to overcome unfavorable biomechanical characteristics of these materials, which lead to a wide application of zirconia as ground material for dental implants. Zirconia-based implants are biocompatible, demonstrate ability to osseointegrate and have a teeth-like color, rendering them to be an ideal replacement for titanium-based implant systems, which represent the current gold standard in implantology...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721228/antibiotic-prescription-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-postoperative-complications-after-routine-dental-implant-placement-a-cross-sectional-study-performed-in-spain
#8
Octavi Camps-Font, Marta Viaplana-Gutiérrez, Javier Mir-Mari, Rui Figueiredo, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
Background: As there are no established guidelines for antibiotic prescription after dental implant placement a study was made to determine the current prescribing habits of several groups of practitioners regarding antibiotics to prevent and/or treat postoperative complications - early failures and infections - in relation to routine dental implant placement. Material and Methods: An electronic survey was sent to postgraduate students and professionals with experience in routine dental implant placement who practice in Spain...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682255/effectiveness-of-computer-assisted-anesthetic-delivery-system-sta-%C3%A2-in-dental-implant-surgery-a-prospective-study
#9
F R Grassi, B Rapone, F Scarano Catanzaro, M Corsalini, Z Kalemaj
Objectives: This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate effectiveness of Computerized Local Anesthesia (CLA) on oral implantology through estimation of pain and discomfort and total quantity of injected anesthetic. Methods: Forty-five consecutive patients whose treatment plan included immediate or late dental implants were included in this study. The main inclusion criteria comprised: previous implant intervention under conventional anesthesia (CA) during the past 3 years and no previous treatment of pain relief...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682091/effectiveness-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-bone-graft-in-the-treatment-of-intrabony-defects-a-clinico-radiographic-study
#10
Mohammad Jalaluddin, Jayachandran Mahesh, Rethi Mahesh, Ipsita Jayanti, Mohamed Faizuddin, Krishna Kripal, Nazia Nazeer
Background & Objectives: Periodontal disease is characterized by the presence of gingival inflammation, periodontal pocket formation, loss of connective tissue attachment and alveolar bone around the affected tooth. Different modalities have been employed in the treatment and regeneration of periodontal defects which include the use of bone grafts, PRP and other growth factors.The purpose of this prospective, randomized controlled study was to compare the regenerative efficacy of PRP and bonegraft in intrabony periodontal defects...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594987/-occlusion-design-of-edentulous-implant-prosthesis
#11
Zhang Xueyang, Huang Yanhong, Chen Pei, Jiang Pan, Wang Yarong, Su Yuan
The occlusion design of dental implants is related to the growing popularity of dental implantology. This paper discusses the occlusion design of the edentulous implant prosthesis and the relationships between stress change and the alveolar bone and between the occlusal design and implantation complications. The horizontal relationship of condyle, the design of the canine-guided occlusion, and the similarities and differences between the dental implant and the natural teeth on biteforce response are mentioned...
February 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574820/implantology-in-oral-maxillofacial-surgery-the-complexity-of-simple-cases
#12
K Ruljancich
Dental implants have been a routine part of dental practice for many years and are performed by a variety of practitioners with different backgrounds and training. This paper will outline the principles and practical surgical aspects of 'simple' implant placement against a background of our current understanding of the literature that informs our surgical procedures. Implants need to be placed in a restoratively suitable position surrounded by sufficient bone, draped in adequate keratinised soft tissue and sufficiently separated from one another and the adjacent teeth...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557404/increasing-prominence-of-implantology-research-a-chronological-trend-analysis-of-100-top-cited-articles-in-periodontal-journals
#13
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Chi-Chun Su, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Yu-Chiao Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
PURPOSE: To identify 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals and analyse the research trends by using citation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals were retrieved by searching the database of the ISI Web of Science and Journal Citation reports. For each article, the following principal bibliometric parameters: authorship, geographic and institute origin, manuscript type, study design, scope of study, and citation count of each time period were analysed from 1965 to 2015...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552036/self-assembled-monolayers-for-dental-implants
#14
REVIEW
Sidónio C Freitas, Alejandra Correa-Uribe, M Cristina L Martins, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Implant-based therapy is a mature approach to recover the health conditions of patients affected by edentulism. Thousands of dental implants are placed each year since their introduction in the 80s. However, implantology faces challenges that require more research strategies such as new support therapies for a world population with a continuous increase of life expectancy, to control periodontal status and new bioactive surfaces for implants. The present review is focused on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for dental implant materials as a nanoscale-processing approach to modify titanium surfaces...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549709/-risk-factors-generally-neglected-in-oral-surgery-and-implantology-the-high-ldl-cholesterol-and-the-insufficient-level-of-vitamin-d
#15
K Waskiewicz, O Oth, N Kochan, L Evrard
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread throughout the world. Vitamin D has an important role in the regulation of phosphocalcic metabolism as well as in a large number of biological and metabolic processes. According to some studies, there is a correlation between vitamin D and LDL-cholesterol levels. A deficiency of vitamin D and / or a high level of LDL-cholesterol could represent risk factors for bone healing and osteointegration of dental implants. The purpose of our study is to demonstrate the reality of the problem of deficiency or deprivation in vitamin D in a population of patients requiring oral and / or implant surgery...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532813/ethical-dilemmas-of-dental-implantology-ready-for-aftercare
#16
Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Mathias Schmidt
Dental implantology is one of the most attractive and dynamic fields of work within clinical dentistry. It provides many patients with new and improved opportunities for stable (implant-supported) rehabilitation and also offers dentists a field that is interesting in both technical and economic terms. Adverse clinical outcomes are, however, often the subject of discussion. These relate both to prosthetic failure and to biologic complications and side effects, namely persistent infections surrounding implants...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492174/ultralow-dose-msct-imaging-in-dental-implantology
#17
REVIEW
Gerlig Widmann, Asma'a A Al-Ekrish
Introduction: The Council Directive 2013/59 Euratom has a clear commitment for keeping medical radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable and demands a regular review and use of diagnostic reference levels. Methods: In dental implantology, the range of effective doses for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) shows a broad overlap with multislice computed tomography (MSCT). More recently, ultralow dose imaging with new generations of MSCT scanners may impart radiation doses equal to or lower than CBCT...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491581/assessment-of-postgraduate-dental-students-using-mini-clinical-examination-tool-in-periodontology-and-implantology
#18
Surekha Ramrao Rathod, Abhay Kolte, Tony Shori, Vishal Kher
Introduction: Mini-clinical examination (mini-CEX) is a new assessment tool that observes the student using a standard rating form. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of the mini-CEX as an assessment and feedback tool in the postgraduate setting in periodontology. Materials and Methods: Eight postgraduate students and two evaluators were included in this study carried out for 4 months during which the students were made to appear for four encounters evaluated on a standardized nine-point Likert scale...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442727/tio%C3%A2-ag-tio%C3%A2-nanohybrid-films-are-cytocompatible-with-primary-epithelial-cells-of-human-origin-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Roland Masa, Ágota Deák, Gábor Braunitzer, Zsolt Tóth, Judit Kopniczky, István Pelsőczi-Kovács, Krisztina Ungvári, Imre Dékány, Kinga Turzó
Failure of dental implants is caused mainly by peri-implant infections resulting in loss of supporting bone. Since there is no ideal therapy of peri-implantitis, the focus of research has been shifted toward better prevention and the development of antibacterial surfaces. In our study we examined the attachment and proliferation of primary epithelial and MG-63 osteosarcoma cells on Ti dental implants coated with photocatalytic nanohybrid films. Two polyacrylate resin based layers were investigated on commercially pure (CP4) Ti discs: 60 wt% TiO2/40 wt% copolymer and 60 wt% Ag-TiO2/40 wt% copolymer ([Ag] = 0,001 wt%)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417862/nanomaterials-in-dentistry-a-cornerstone-or-a-black-box
#20
Rafał Pokrowiecki, Krzysztof Pałka, Agnieszka Mielczarek
AIM: The studies on tooth structure provided basis for nanotechnology-based dental treatment approaches known as nanodentistry which aims at detection and treatment of oral pathologies, such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, insufficiently being treated by conventional materials or drugs. This review aims at defining the role of nanodentistry in the medical area, its potential and hazards. MATERIALS & METHODS: To validate these issues, current literature on nanomaterials for dental applications was critically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Nanomedicine
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