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Dental Implantology

Dénes Lukács, Nóra Stáczer, László Vajta, Lajos Olasz, Árpád Joób-Fancsaly, József Szalma
INTRODUCTION: In 2015 a new Hungarian guideline was published regarding dental treatment and management of anticoagulated patients in agreement of the Hungarian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and the Dental Implantology Association of Hungarian Dentists. AIM: The aim of the authors was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of local hemostatic measures recommended by the guideline in anticoagulated patients. METHOD: In these patients, postoperative bleeding episodes were examined after dental and oral surgical treatments, retrospectively...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Renata Castro Martins, Clarice Magalhães Rodrigues Dos Reis, Antonio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta Machado, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Marcos Azeredo Furquim Werneck, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between primary and secondary oral health care in Brazil. For this purpose, data from the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care were used. Dentists from 12,403 oral health teams (OHTs) answered a structured questionnaire in 2012. The data were analyzed descriptively and by cluster analysis. Of the 12,387 (99.9%) OHTs that answered all the questions, 62.2% reported the existence of Dental Specialties Centers (DSCs) to which they could refer patients...
2016: PloS One
Joseph Gakonyo, Fawzia Butt, Philip Mwachaka, Evelyn Wagaiyu
BACKGROUND: Inter-foraminal implant placement poses a risk to the sublingual artery as it enters the mandibular midline lingual foramen. Lack of consensus on the source of this artery poses a dilemma to surgeons during management of haemorrhagic episodes. Determination of the exact source of this artery is therefore pivotal. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 34 adult human cadavers. The facial and lingual arteries were followed from the external carotid artery to determine whether they terminated as the sublingual artery...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Natália Galvão Garcia, Francisco Barbara Abreu Barros, Márcia Maria Dalmolin Carvalho, Denise Tostes Oliveira
In oral implantology, the most serious complications occur intraoperatively or within a short period. We describe an unusual case of focal osteoporotic bone marrow defect involving dental implant in the posterior mandibular region of the adult woman. Despite the fact that this condition requires no treatment, it could lead to the displacement of the dental implant. Additionally, this case report reinforces that histopathological analysis is mandatory for precise diagnosis of the radiolucency into posterior mandibular region of the adult woman associated or not with dental implant placement...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Y Wang, Y Lin, B Chen, Y Zhang, P Di, C Yi
Objective: To assess and compare the radiographic outcomes of immediate implant placement with two different loading timing. Methods: The involved cases were collected from Department of Implantology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Patients recieved immediate implant placement during 2010 Aug to 2012 Dec. The cases admitted delayed restoration program were assigned to Group Ⅰ(18 patients with 21 implants), the cases admitted immediate restoration program were assigned to Group Ⅱ (16 patients with 22 implants)...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Bernhard Pommer, Dieter Busenlechner, Rudolf Fürhauser, Georg Watzek, Georg Mailath-Pokorny, Robert Haas
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive implantology using reduced implant dimensions as well as virtual treatment planning and CAD/CAM stereolithographic templates has gained popularity in recent years. The aim of the present investigation was to analyze prevailing trends in clinical utilization of these graftless therapeutic options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 12.865 dental implants were placed in 5.365 patients at the Academy for Oral Implantology in Vienna, of which 5...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Dániel Palkovics, István Gera
BACKGROUND: The dimension of attached gingiva is a very important landmark in the periodontal health, and determine the function of the mucogingival unit, the progression of marginal inflammation and also affects aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics and implantology. The determination of gingival/periodontal biotype is important in dental/periodontal practice. Hence, the aim of this cross sectional clinical study was to assess the width and thickness of attached gingiva in young, periodontally healthy individuals and to provide anthropometric data in Hungary...
June 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study, which is presented in greater detail over a series of articles, assessed the experience of implant-related TG nerve injuries among UK dentists. Incidence and cause of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve (LN) injuries, together with preoperative assessment and the consent process, are presented in this article...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
Jacqueline A Pfaff, Birgit Boelck, Wilhelm Bloch, Georg-Hubertus Nentwig
INTRODUCTION: Enhancement of bone regeneration is crucial to dental implantology. Growth factors play a significant role during osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) enhances bone healing; however, no studies have yet been performed in oral implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent bilateral mandibular wisdom tooth removal were included. ESWT was applied to 1 side of the jaw. Blood samples were collected from the peripheral vein (PB), mandibular bone marrow without and with ESWT (BM-/+SW)...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
L Checchi, M R Gatto, V Checchi, F Carinci
The present study detects those bacterial species which are more strongly related to bleeding on probing, suppuration and smoking in periodontal-affected patients. Nine hundred and fifty-one patients with periodontal diseases were admitted to the Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dental School of Bologna University where they underwent microbiological tests for six periodontal pathogens (Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Tannerella forsythia)...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Baj, V Sollazzo, D Lauritano, V Candotto, G E Mancini, A B Gianni
Edentulous mandible frequently undergoes severe bone atrophy with problems of prosthetic instability. Instability of the lower denture may cause difficulties with eating and speech, ulcerations of the oral mucosa for lower denture trauma, loss of facial vertical dimension. These problems may be solved by bone augmentation of severe resorption of edentulous mandible. The aim of this short review is to describe surgical techniques for bone augmentation of the severe resorption of edentulous mandible. In this paper, we define a severe resorption of edentulous mandible as a mandibular height in the symphyseal area of 12 mm or less as measured on a standardized lateral cephalogram...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Vaclav Babuska, Omid Moztarzadeh, Tereza Kubikova, Amin Moztarzadeh, Daniel Hrusak, Zbynek Tonar
The aim of this paper is to review the experimental methods currently being used to evaluate the osseointegration of nanostructured titanium implants using animal models. The material modifications are linked to the biocompatibility of various types of oral implants, such as laser-treated, acid-etched, plasma-coated, and sand-blasted surface modifications. The types of implants are reviewed according to their implantation site (endoosseous, subperiosteal, and transosseous implants). The animal species and target bones used in experimental implantology are carefully compared in terms of the ratio of compact to spongy bone...
2016: Biointerphases
Nicola Alberto Valente, Sebastiano Andreana
Peri-implant disease is a serious problem that plagues today's dentistry, both in terms of therapy and epidemiology. With the expansion of the practice of implantology and an increasing number of implants placed annually, the frequency of peri-implant disease has greatly expanded. Its clinical manifestations, in the absence of a globally established classification, are peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis, the counterparts of gingivitis and periodontitis, respectively. However, many doubts remain about its features...
June 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
R Salvador Clavell, J J Martín de Llano, C Carda, J L Gómez Ribelles, A Vallés-Lluch
Dental implantology is still an expanding field of scientific study because of the number of people that receive dental therapies throughout their lives worldwide. Recovery times associated to dental surgery are still long and demand strategies to improve integration of metallic devices with hard tissues. In this work, an in vitro ceramic coating is proposed to improve and accelerate osseointegration of titanium surfaces conceived to be used as dental implants or hip or knee prosthesis, shaped either as dishes or screws...
November 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Beatriz Tarazona, Antonio Vidal-Infer, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo
OBJECTIVES: To quantify, using bibliometric indicators, the scientific productivity of researchers, organizations, and countries, publishing articles on implantology in dental journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports between 2009 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published texts were identified by applying the truncated search term "implant*." Document type was limited to "Article." Records were manually refined and normalized to unify terms and to remove typographical, transcription, and/or indexing errors...
June 3, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
S G Ananyan, A V Zakaryan, M V Gun'ko, Sh R Gvetadze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Florian G Draenert, Peer W Kämmerer, Michael Berthold, Andreas Neff
OBJECTIVES: Vertical bone augmentation in dental implantology is an indication for cancellous allogeneic bone blocks (ABB). However, these materials may lead to adverse reactions, which are known well in orthopedics but rarely published. Therefore, in this study, we performed an evaluation of the use of ABB in vertical bone augmentation in clinical dental implantology. STUDY DESIGN: The prospective clinical study included 20 cases with vertical augmentation using ABB and subsequent or simultaneous placement of implants in the lateral maxilla and mandible...
August 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
H-H Aschoff, D-L Juhnke
BACKGROUND: In 1999 the first endo-exo femoral prosthesis (EEFP) was implanted in Germany in a patient who had suffered a traumatic above-knee amputation. This procedure involves a skeletally anchored exoprosthetic device that is inserted into the residual femur. The distal part of the implant protrudes transcutaneously and allows attachment to a prosthetic limb which provides direct force transmission to the external prosthetic components. The technique originated from dental implantology and helps to avoid possible problems resulting from treatment of amputated limbs using socket prostheses...
May 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Gunnar E Carlsson
This article reviews relevant dental literature to answer some frequent questions related to evidence-based implantology. There are hundreds of implant systems on the market, but the majority lack clinical documentation. Recommended number of implants for full-arch fixed prostheses is four or five in the mandible but at least six in the maxilla. Less expensive implant-retained overdentures make implant treatment available to a greater portion of edentulous subjects. Mandibular overdentures on two implants, and even one implant, have shown excellent long-term outcomes...
April 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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