keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutritional supplementation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218657/comparison-of-laparoscopic-jejunostomy-tube-to-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-with-jejunal-extension-long-term-durability-and-nutritional-outcomes
#1
Ivy N Haskins, Andrew T Strong, Mary Baginsky, Gautam Sharma, Matthew Karafa, Jeffrey L Ponsky, John H Rodriguez, Matthew D Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Enteral access through the jejunum is indicated when patients cannot tolerate oral intake or gastric feeding. While multiple approaches for feeding jejunal access exist, few studies have compared the efficacy of these techniques. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term durability, re-intervention rates, and nutritional outcomes following percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes with jejunal extension tubes (PEG-JET) versus laparoscopic jejunostomy tubes (j-tubes)...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217129/long-alimentary-limb-duodenal-switch-lads-a-short-term-prospective-randomized-trial
#2
Anabelle Cloutier, Stéfane Lebel, Frédéric Hould, François Julien, Simon Marceau, Léonie Bouvet, Serge Simard, Laurent Biertho
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is one of the most effective bariatric surgeries, in terms of weight loss and remission of co-morbidities. It is however associated with a significant risk of protein and nutritional deficiency, as well as gastrointestinal side effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of increasing the strict alimentary limb on weight loss, nutritional deficiency and quality of life, compared with standard BPD-DS...
November 8, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214924/different-protein-and-derivatives-supplementation-strategies-combined-with-resistance-training-in-pre-frail-and-frail-elderly-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-pro-elderly-study
#3
Alan Lins Fernandes, Ana Paula Hayashi, José Claudio Jambassi-Filho, Mariana Dutilh de Capitani, Davi Alves de Santana, Bruno Gualano, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome characterized by progressive decline in health and associated with decreased muscle mass, strength, and functional capacity. Resistance training (RT) combined with protein or amino acids supplementation has been shown to be promising for mitigating age-related impairments. AIM: To investigate the chronic effects of different strategies of protein and derivatives supplementation in association with RT on selected health-related parameters in pre-frail and frail elderly...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214616/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-methylsulfonylmethane-versus-placebo-to-prevent-knee-pain-in-military-initial-entry-trainees
#4
David J Tennent, Christina M Hylden, Benjamin K Kocher, James K Aden, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a naturally occurring sulfur containing substance that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. Previous studies using MSM as an oral supplement to improve pain in those patients with knee osteoarthritis have shown superiority compared to placebo. However, these studies are not translatable to active individuals performing high impact activities and have not evaluated MSM as a preventative measure. METHODS: A total of 180 subjects ranging in age from 18 to 40 years were enrolled...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214104/a-spermidine-based-nutritional-supplement-prolongs-the-anagen-phase-of-hair-follicles-in-humans-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#5
Fabio Rinaldi, Barbara Marzani, Daniela Pinto, Yuval Ramot
Background: Spermidine has been shown both in vitro and in mice models to have an anagen-prolonging effect on hair follicles (HFs). Objectives: To evaluate the effects of a spermidine-based nutritional supplement on the anagen phase of HFs in healthy human subjects in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Methods: One hundred healthy males and females were randomized to receive a tablet containing a spermidine-based nutritional supplement or a placebo once daily for 90 days...
October 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212550/a-supplemental-intravenous-amino-acid-infusion-sustains-a-positive-protein-balance-for-24%C3%A2-hours-in-critically-ill-patients
#6
Martin Sundström Rehal, Felix Liebau, Inga Tjäder, Åke Norberg, Olav Rooyackers, Jan Wernerman
BACKGROUND: Providing supplemental amino acids to ICU patients during a 3-h period results in improved whole-body net protein balance, without an increase in amino acid oxidation. The primary objective was to investigate if a 24-h intravenous amino acid infusion in critically ill patients has a sustained effect on whole-body protein balance as was seen after 3 h. Secondary objectives were monitoring of amino acid oxidation rate, urea and free amino acid plasma concentrations. METHODS: An infusion of [1-13C]-phenylalanine was added to ongoing enteral nutrition to quantify the enteral uptake of amino acids...
December 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211728/an-open-label-non-randomized-study-of-the-pharmacokinetics-of-the-nutritional-supplement-nicotinamide-riboside-nr-and-its-effects-on-blood-nad-levels-in-healthy-volunteers
#7
Sophia E Airhart, Laura M Shireman, Linda J Risler, Gail D Anderson, G A Nagana Gowda, Daniel Raftery, Rong Tian, Danny D Shen, Kevin D O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: The co-primary objectives of this study were to determine the human pharmacokinetics (PK) of oral NR and the effect of NR on whole blood nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels. BACKGROUND: Though mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development and progression of heart failure, no mitochondria-targeted therapies have been translated into clinical practice. Recent murine studies have reported associations between imbalances in the NADH/NAD+ ratio with mitochondrial dysfunction in multiple tissues, including myocardium...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#8
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211315/trends-in-botanical-dietary-supplement-use-among-us-adults-by-cancer-status-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-to-2014
#9
Chao Li, Richard A Hansen, Chiahung Chou, Angela I Calderón, Jingjing Qian
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer may use botanical dietary supplements (BDS) in an attempt to manage the side effects of chemotherapy, yet evidence about BDS use among patients with cancer is limited. The authors examined trends in BDS use among US adults according to cancer status and patient characteristics. METHODS: A serial, cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 through 2014 (n = 43,644)...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211007/contribution-of-dietary-supplements-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-various-adult-age-groups
#10
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Balz Frei, Victor L Fulgoni, Connie M Weaver, Steven H Zeisel
Many Americans have inadequate intakes of several nutrients. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020 specifically identified vitamins A, C, D and E, calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, choline and fiber as "underconsumed nutrients". Based on nationally representative data in 10,698 adults from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2009-2012, assessments were made of age-group differences in the impact of dietary supplements on nutrient intake and inadequacies. Compared to food alone, use of any dietary supplement plus food was associated with significantly (p < 0...
December 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210609/dietary-intakes-of-six-intense-sweeteners-by-irish-adults
#11
Maria Buffini, Séverine Goscinny, Ir Joris Van Loco, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Breige A McNulty
This research investigated the intakes of six intense sweeteners; acesulfame-K (E950), aspartame (E951), cyclamate (E952), saccharin (E954), sucralose (E955) and steviol glycosides (E960) in the diets of Irish adults, using data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS). A food label survey which included products currently available on the Irish market supplemented the analysis. Sweetener intakes were investigated using three different exposure scenarios; beginning with a crude assessment which assumed that all foods permitted to contain the additives of interest always did contain them, and at their maximum permitted level (Tier 1)...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209773/effect-of-8-week-oral-supplementation-with-3-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-cyano-b12-or-hydroxo-b12-in-a-vitamin-b12-deficient-population
#12
Eva Greibe, Namita Mahalle, Vijayshri Bhide, Sergey Fedosov, Christian W Heegaard, Sadanand Naik, Ebba Nexo
PURPOSE: We compare the effect of 8-week oral supplementation with cyano-B12 (currently used in vitamin pills) and hydroxo-B12 (predominant form in the diet) in a population with nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency. METHODS: Fifty-one healthy Indian adults with baseline serum cobalamin < 200 pmol/L were supplied for 8 weeks with daily oral supplements of 3-µg cyano-B12 (n = 15), 3-µg hydroxo-B12 (n = 16), or a placebo (n = 20). Blood at baseline, and each following week, was examined for total cobalamin, holotranscobalamin, methylmalonic acid, and homocysteine...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209542/skin-lesions-associated-with-nutritional-management-of-maple-syrup-urine-disease
#13
Jaraspong Uaariyapanichkul, Puthita Saengpanit, Ponghatai Damrongphol, Kanya Suphapeetiporn, Sirinuch Chomtho
Introduction: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) metabolism. We report an infant with MSUD who developed 2 episodes of cutaneous lesions as a result of isoleucine deficiency and zinc deficiency, respectively. Case Presentation: A 12-day-old male infant was presented with poor milk intake and lethargy. The diagnosis of MSUD was made based on clinical and biochemical data. Management and Outcome: Specific dietary restriction of BCAAs was given...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209495/effect-of-neuroactive-nutritional-supplementation-on-body-weight-and-composition-in-growing-puppies
#14
Wei Wang, Melissa Brooks, Cari Gardner, Norton Milgram
Nutritional factors can dramatically affect development of young animals during the early stage of life. The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of a neuroactive nutritional supplement (NNS) containing DHA, taurine, carotenoids and vitamins on the body weight and body composition of growing puppies. A total of twenty-four 2-month-old Beagles were fed a nutritionally complete and balanced base diet and a control supplement daily during an initial 1-month baseline assessment, after which they were divided into control and treatment groups...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209459/effects-of-zinc-supplementation-on-catch-up-growth-in-children-with-failure-to-thrive
#15
Seul-Gi Park, Ha-Neul Choi, Hye-Ran Yang, Jung-Eun Yim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although globally the numbers of children diagnosed with failure to thrive (FTT) have decreased, FTT is still a serious pediatric problem. We aimed to investigate the effects of zinc supplementation for 6 months on growth parameters of infants and children with FTT. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this retrospective study, of the 114 participants aged between 4 months and 6 years, 89 were included in the zinc supplementation group and were provided with nutrition counseling plus an oral zinc supplement for 6 months...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208483/initial-validation-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-a-measure-of-three-restrictive-eating-patterns
#16
Hana F Zickgraf, Jordan M Ellis
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g., picky eating), poor appetite or limited interest in eating, or fear of negative consequences from eating. Research on the prevalence and psychopathology of ARFID is limited by the lack of validated instruments to measure these eating behaviors...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208058/low-protein-diet-supplemented-with-ketoacids-delays-the-progression-of-diabetic-nephropathy-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-in-the-kkay-mice-model
#17
Dongmei Liu, Ming Wu, Lin Li, Xiang Gao, Bo Yang, Shuqin Mei, Lili Fu, Changlin Mei
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major cause of chronic kidney disease. We aimed to investigate the effect of the low-protein diets (LPD) supplemented with ketoacids (LPD+KA) in KKAy mice, an early type 2 DN model. KKAy mice were treated with normal protein diet (NPD), LPD or LPD+KA from 12 to 24 weeks of age. A period of 12-week treatment with LPD significantly reduced albuminuria as compared with that observed after NPD treatment. Treatment with LPD+KA further reduced albuminuria as compared with that observed with LPD treatment alone...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207894/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-related-to-iron-supplementation-or-iron-status-a-summary-of-meta-analyses
#18
Sehar Iqbal, Cem Ekmekcioglu
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most abundant nutritional deficiency in the world and is discussed to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this review was to perform an umbrella summary of meta-analyses to evaluate the effects and associations of iron supplementation or iron status on maternal and birth/neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scopus by two reviewers without temporal restriction. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies evaluating (1) the effects of multimicronutrient compared to iron + folic acid supplementations on maternal and birth/neonatal outcomes (2), the association of dietary iron intake or hemoglobin or ferritin status regarding the risk for maternal (gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)) and birth/neonatal outcomes, and (3) the effects of iron supplementation on pregnancy and birth/neonatal outcomes, were included in this review...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207479/growth-and-bone-mineralization-of-very-preterm-infants-at-term-corrected-age-in-relation-to-different-nutritional-intakes-in-the-early-postnatal-period
#19
Michelle N Körnmann, Viola Christmann, Charlotte J W Gradussen, Laura Rodwell, Martin Gotthardt, Johannes B Van Goudoever, Arno F J Van Heijst
Preterm infants often have a reduced bone mineral content (BMC) with increased risk of metabolic bone disease. After birth it is difficult to supply calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) comparable to the high fetal accretion rate. It is not known whether high supplementation of minerals in the early postnatal period improves growth and bone mineralization. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth and bone mineralization at term corrected age (TCA) in very and extremely preterm infants who received different enteral Ca and P intakes during the first 10 days of life...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206972/nutritional-deficiencies-and-clinical-correlates-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Joseph Firth, Rebekah Carney, Brendon Stubbs, Scott B Teasdale, Davy Vancampfort, Philip B Ward, Michael Berk, Jerome Sarris
Objective: Diet is increasingly recognized as a potentially modifiable factor influencing the onset and outcomes of psychiatric disorders. Whereas, previous research has shown long-term schizophrenia is associated with various nutritional deficiencies, this meta-analysis aimed to determine the prevalence and extent of nutritional deficits in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Method: A search of electronic databases conducted in July 2017 identified 28 eligible studies, examining blood levels of 6 vitamins and 10 minerals across 2612 individuals: 1221 individuals with FEP and 1391 control subjects...
November 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
keyword
keyword
69851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"