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Nutritional supplementation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457650/effects-of-applying-oil-extracted-microalgae-on-the-fermentation-quality-feed-nutritive-value-and-aerobic-stability-of-ensiled-sweet-sorghum
#1
Lei Chen, Xianjun Yuan, Junfeng Li, Zhihao Dong, Tao Shao
BACKGROUND: A laboratory-silo study was conducted to evaluate the fermentation quality, feed-nutritive value and aerobic stability of sweet sorghum silage with or without oil-extracted microalgae supplementation. Sweet sorghum was mixed with four microalgae levels (0%, 1%, 2% and 3% on a dry matter basis; Control, M1, M2 and M3, respectively) and ensiled for 45 d. Further, the four experimental silages were subjected to an aerobic stability test lasting 7 d. RESULTS: All the silages except M3 silage had good fermentative characteristics with low pH and ammonia nitrogen concentrations, and high lactic acid concentrations and favorable microbial parameters...
February 19, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457570/infant-formulae-supplemented-with-prebiotics-are-they-better-than-unsupplemented-formulae-an-updated-systematic-review
#2
Agata Skórka, Małgorzata Pieścik-Lech, Maciej Kołodziej, Hania Szajewska
In 2011, the Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition systematically reviewed published evidence related to the safety and health effects of the administration of formulae supplemented with pro- and/or prebiotics compared with unsupplemented formulae. We updated evidence on the effects of the administration of prebiotic-supplemented infant formulae (IF) compared with unsupplemented IF. Five databases were searched up to March 2017 for randomised controlled trials...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456846/l-carnitine-supplementation-reduces-the-general-fatigue-of-cancer-patients-during-chemotherapy
#3
Hiroki Matsui, Takahiro Einama, Shunsuke Shichi, Ryo Kanazawa, Kazuaki Shibuya, Takashi Suzuki, Fumihiko Matsuzawa, Taku Hashimoto, Shigenori Homma, Junji Yamamoto, Akinobu Taketomi, Hironori Abe
L-Carnitine (LC) plays an important role in the metabolism of fatty acids, and LC deficiency is associated with a feeling of weakness or general fatigue. Cancer patients receiving chemotherapy often develop LC deficiency, which is considered to be a factor contributing to general fatigue. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of LC supplementation as a treatment for general fatigue in cancer patients during chemotherapy. A total of 11 cancer patients who were suffering from general fatigue during chemotherapy in our hospital between September 2014 and December 2015 were examined (6 cases involved adjuvant chemotherapy and 5 cases involved chemotherapy for unresectable or recurrent disease)...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456627/growth-and-lipid-accumulation-by-different-nutrients-in-the-microalga-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#4
Lei Yang, Jun Chen, Shan Qin, Min Zeng, Yongguang Jiang, Lang Hu, Peng Xiao, Wenlong Hao, Zhangli Hu, Anping Lei, Jiangxin Wang
Background: Individual nutrient depletion is widely used to induce lipid accumulation in microalgae, which also causes cell growth inhibition and decreases the total biomass. Thus, improving the lipid accumulation without biomass loss in the nutrient deficiency cells becomes a potential cost-effective treatment for cheaper biofuels. Methods: In this study, the effects of different nutritional conditions on the growth and contents of lipids in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were compared, and the metabolic profiles under different nutritional conditions were also investigated...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455757/federal-nutrition-program-revisions-impact-low-income-households-food-purchases
#5
Shu Wen Ng, Bridget A Hollingsworth, Emily A Busey, Julie L Wandell, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined. METHODS: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. (WIC participating versus nonparticipating) utilizing Nielsen Homescan Consumer Panel data...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455705/barriers-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-farmers-market-incentive-programme-users-in-illinois-usa
#6
Chelsea R Singleton, Sydney Fouché, Rucha Deshpande, Angela Odoms-Young, Corey Chatman, Connie Spreen
OBJECTIVE: Previous research indicates that low-income individuals often struggle to consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables (F&V). LINK Up Illinois is a farmers' market incentive programme that aims to increase F&V consumption among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients by improving access to and affordability of locally grown foods. The present research aimed to identify barriers to F&V consumption that exist among users of the LINK Up Illinois programme...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455428/potential-of-feeding-beef-cattle-with-whole-corn-crop-silage-and-rice-straw-in-malaysia
#7
Muhamad Hazim Nazli, Ridzwan Abdul Halim, Amin Mahir Abdullah, Ghazali Hussin, Anjas Asmara Samsudin
The potential of using whole corn crop silage and rice straw as an alternative feed for the beef cattle based on the intake and growth performance were evaluated. Using randomised completely block design, nine adult Mafriwal cattle were blocked intro three groups and treated with three different forage diets supplemented with 20% pelleted palm kernel cake on dry matter basis. The treatments were 100% rice straw (RS), 100% corn silage (CS) and an equal mixture of rice straw and corn silage (MIX) fed ad libitum...
February 17, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454265/supplementation-of-lycopene-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-amyloidogenesis-and-cognitive-impairments-via-mediating-neuroinflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#8
Jia Wang, Lixia Li, Zhuo Wang, Yifan Cui, Xintong Tan, Tian Yuan, Qian Liu, Zhigang Liu, Xuebo Liu
Neuroinflammation is documented to be the major culprit of Alzheimer's disease. Lycopene (LYC), a fat soluble carotenoid, exhibits neuroprotective function in several neurodegenerative disorders. However, the effects of LYC to countering systemic inflammation-induced amyloidogenesis and memory deficiency remain to be elucidated. In current study, 3-month-old male C57BL/6J mice were treated with 0.03% LYC (w/w, mixed into normal chow) for 5 weeks. The mice were then treated by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (0...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454011/comparative-study-on-some-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-blood-of-vitiligo-patients-before-and-after-combined-therapy
#9
A Zheleva, G Nikolova, Y Karamalakova, E Hristakieva, R Lavcheva, V Gadjeva
Currently accepted that oxidative stress is a triggering event in the melanocytic destruction and is probably involved in the etiopathogenesis of vitiligo disease. Despite numerous investigations, contradictory results were reported about the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers measured in the skin and blood of vitiligo patients. By Electron Paramagnetic Resonance spectroscopy (EPR) and spectrophotometry, we have investigated and compared some oxidative stress biomarkers in the blood of vitiligo patients' before and after UVB Narrow Band 311 nm phototherapy combined with the antioxidant nutritional supplement containing - Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, L -Cysteine, Lipoic Acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acids...
February 14, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453750/administration-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-lp62-to-dam-rats-at-the-end-of-delivery-and-during-lactation-affects-tgf-%C3%AE-1-level-and-nutritional-milk-composition-and-body-weight-of-pups
#10
Gladistone Correia Messias, Ana Marta Novais Rocha, Beatriz Manuela Silva Santos, Ana Marques Botelho, Dhaísa Cristhina Alves Silva, Erika Santos Porto, Marina Lima Dos Anjos, Rayra Almeida Sousa, Mara Viana Silva, Thainara Barros da Rocha, Aracely Vieira de Melo, Manoela Rios Trindade Carneiro, Nayonara Santana Aguiar, Patrícia Prado Santos, Erika Pereira de Souza, Mariluze Peixoto Cruz, Lucas Miranda Marques, Raquel Passos Rezende, Carla Cristina Romano, Ana Paula Uetanabaro, Gabriel Vinderola, Regiane Yatsuda
PURPOSE: Lactobacillus plantarum Lp62 is a lactic acid bacteria strain that has been isolated from cocoa beans and exhibited probiotic potential. The influence of oral administration of L. plantarum Lp62 on the growth of rat's pups; on yield, cytokines and milk composition was studied. METHODS: Lactobacillus plantarum Lp62 is a lactic acid bacteria strain that has been isolated from cocoa beans. It was administered daily by gavage to Wistar rats (n = 8), from the 7th day before delivery and for 20 days during lactation, in a concentration of 1...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453632/microbiota-in-fermented-feed-and-swine-gut
#11
REVIEW
Cheng Wang, Changyou Shi, Yu Zhang, Deguang Song, Zeqing Lu, Yizhen Wang
Development of alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) used in swine production requires a better understanding of their impacts on the gut microbiota. Supplementing fermented feed (FF) in swine diets as a novel nutritional strategy to reduce the use of AGP and feed price, can positively affect the porcine gut microbiota, thereby improving pig productivities. Previous studies have noted the potential effects of FF on the shift in benefit of the swine microbiota in different regions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT)...
February 16, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452977/arguments-used-in-public-comments-to-support-or-oppose-the-us-department-of-agriculture-s-minimum-stocking-requirements-a-content-analysis
#12
Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Lauri Andress, Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Isabel Osborne, Barbara Baquero, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Carmen Byker-Shanks, Bailey Houghtaling, Jane Kolodinsky, Brian K Lo, Emily H Morgan, Emily Piltch, Elaine Prewitt, Rebecca A Seguin, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Retailer Rule proposed several changes for SNAP-authorized retailers, including: requiring retailers to have at least 85% of their food sales come from items that are not cooked or heated on site before or after purchase; requiring stores to stock seven varieties of qualifying foods from four staple food groups; requiring stores to carry perishable foods in three of the four staple groups; requiring stores to carry six units of qualifying foods at all times (depth of stock); disqualifying multiple ingredient foods and accessory foods from counting toward depth of stock requirements...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452238/human-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-cells-in-combination-with-exogenous-stimuli-facilitate-three-dimensional-network-formation-of-human-endothelial-cells-derived-from-various-sources
#13
Dominique Manikowski, Birgit Andrée, Esther Samper, Clémence Saint-Marc, Ruth Olmer, Peter Vogt, Sarah Strauß, Axel Haverich, Andres Hilfiker
In natural tissues, the nutrition of cells and removal of waste products is facilitated by a dense capillary network which is generated during development. This perfusion system is also indispensable for tissue formation in vitro. Nutrition depending solely on diffusion is not sufficient to generate tissues of clinically relevant dimensions, which is a core aim in tissue engineering research. In this study, the establishment of a vascular network was investigated in a self-assembling approach employing endothelial and mural cells...
February 13, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451842/protective-effect-of-leaf-ethanolic-extract-etlingera-hemisphaerica-blume-against-mercuric-chloride-toxicity-in-blood-of-mice
#14
Aceng Ruyani, Rendi Zulni Eka Putri, Pauzi Jundara, Efri Gresinta, Irwandi Ansori, Agus Sundaryono
This research was intended to investigate the protective effect of leaf ethanolic extract Etlingera hemisphaerica Blume (LE3H) against mercuric chloride (HgCl 2 ) toxicity in blood of mice (Mus musculus). The experimental animals, 95 male M. musculus, received drink and food ad libitum. Three materials were tested: LE3H (0.13, 0.26, 0.39 mg/g body weight [bw]) was administered by gavage; HgCl 2 (5 mg/kg bw) was administrated by gavage or intraperitoneal injection; and Imunos (the nutritional supplement to stimulate the immune system; 0...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451837/nutritional-supplementation-a-case-for-l-carnitine
#15
Ayaz Virji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447176/cost-effectiveness-of-prenatal-food-and-micronutrient-interventions-on-under-five-mortality-and-stunting-analysis-of-data-from-the-minimat-randomized-trial-bangladesh
#16
Pernilla Svefors, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Rubina Shaheen, Ashraful Islam Khan, Lars-Åke Persson, Lars Lindholm
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition interventions may have favourable as well as unfavourable effects. The Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat), with early prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation, reduced infant mortality and were reported to be very cost-effective. However, the multiple micronutrients (MMS) supplement was associated with an increased risk of stunted growth in infancy and early childhood. This unfavourable outcome was not included in the previous cost-effectiveness analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447091/obesity-in-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-four-national-guidelines
#17
Dana Vitner, Kristin Harris, Cynthia Maxwell, M D Farine
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy has become one of the most important challenges in obstetrical care given its prevalence and potential adverse impact on both mother and fetus. The primary objective of this descriptive review is to identify common themes and distinctions within the current recommendations for maternal obesity in the most updated version of four published national guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the following guidelines for obesity in pregnancy: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2015, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RANZCOG) 2013, Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (RCOG) 2010, and Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC) 2010...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444319/beneficial-effects-of-water-soluble-chestnut-castanea-sativa-mill-tannin-extract-on-chicken-small-intestinal-epithelial-cell-culture
#18
M Brus, L Gradišnik, M Trapecar, D Škorjanc, R Frangež
Feed and water supplementation with powdered hydrolyzable tannins from chestnut represents a valuable alternative strategy to antibiotics in animal nutrition. In this study, we evaluated the effects and safety of a water-soluble form of chestnut tannin (WST) in an in vitro model of chicken small intestinal epithelial cells (CSIEC). A chicken cell culture was established, and WST in concentrations of 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2% were tested for cytotoxicity, cell proliferation, metabolic activity, production of reactive oxygen species, intracellular antioxidative potential, genotoxicity, and influence on the epithelia cell cycle...
February 12, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443421/diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes
#19
P A Dyson, D Twenefour, C Breen, A Duncan, E Elvin, L Goff, A Hill, P Kalsi, N Marsland, P McCardle, D Mellor, L Oliver, K Watson
A summary of the latest evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes is presented. These guidelines are based on existing recommendations last published in 2011, and were formulated by an expert panel of specialist dietitians after a literature review of recent evidence. Recommendations have been made in terms of foods rather than nutrients wherever possible. Guidelines for education and care delivery, prevention of Type 2 diabetes, glycaemic control for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease risk management, management of diabetes-related complications, other considerations including comorbidities, nutrition support, pregnancy and lactation, eating disorders, micronutrients, food supplements, functional foods, commercial diabetic foods and nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners are included...
February 14, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442995/maternal-characteristics-of-prenatal-wic-receipt-in-the-united-states-2016
#20
Anne K Driscoll, Michelle J K Osterman
Four in 10 women (39.6%) who gave birth in the United States in 2016 received prenatal benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants,and Children (WIC).Rates of prenatal WIC receipt declined with increasing maternal age for women under 40. Among the six race and Hispanic-origin groups, receipt of prenatal WIC was highest for Hispanic mothers (61.4%) and lowest for non-Hispanic Asian mothers (23.2%).Receipt of prenatal WIC decreased as maternal education level increased.
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
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