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Nutritional supplementation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906403/the-association-between-whey-protein-regional-fat-mass-and-strength-in-resistance-trained-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Ana Batista, Cristina P Monteiro, Rute Borrego, Catarina N Matias, Filipe J Teixeira, Maria João Valamatos, Ana Cláudia Oliveira, Joana F Reis, Lino Mendes, Luís B Sardinha
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between whey protein supplementation, body composition and muscle strength, in resistance-trained individuals. Forty-nine healthy males, aged 18 to 35 years that were engaged in resistance training for at least one year, were assigned into two groups according to whey protein intake (Whey: n=26, 30.7 ± 7.4 yr, 75.8 ± 9.0 kg; WithoutWhey: n=23, 31.0 ± 7.4 yr, 77.9 ± 9.3 kg). Using a cross-sectional design, a morning assessment of body fat mass (FM) (by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and strength (using 1RM for bench press and back squat) was performed...
June 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905824/milk-powder-added-to-a-school-meal-increases-cognitive-test-scores-in-ghanaian-children
#2
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#3
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903984/bolus-ingestion-of-whey-protein-immediately-post-exercise-does-not-influence-rehydration-compared-to-energy-matched-carbohydrate-ingestion
#4
Gethin H Evans, Lewis Mattin, Isabelle Ireland, William Harrison, Adora M W Yau, Victoria McIver, Tristan Pocock, Elizabeth Sheader, Lewis J James
Whey protein is a commonly ingested nutritional supplement amongst athletes and regular exercisers; however, its role in post-exercise rehydration remains unclear. Eight healthy male and female participants completed two experimental trials involving the ingestion of 35 g of whey protein (WP) or maltodextrin (MD) at the onset of a rehydration period, followed by ingestion of water to a volume equivalent to 150% of the amount of body mass lost during exercise in the heat. The gastric emptying rates of the solutions were measured using 13 C breath tests...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903274/-changes-in-body-composition-of-primary-school-students-from-tianyang-county-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-after-two-years-nutrition-intervention
#5
Ran Zhao, Hui Pan, Qian Gan, Peipei Xu, Li Li, Xiaoqi Hu, Shuang Lin, Tingting Wang, Qian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of two years'nutrition intervention with eggs and milk on the body composition of rural primary school students in Tianyang County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. METHODS: Four intervention schools and four control schools were selected randomly from Tianyang County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Both intervention schools and control schools were similar in socialeconomic level, teaching standards, and school size. A total of 672 students(380students in the intervention group and 292 students in the control group)were recruited from the 2nd to the 4th Grade in primary school...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903225/-status-of-lactating-women-s-iodine-nutrition-and-thyroid-function-in-different-iodine-nutrition-level-of-children-in-gansu-province
#6
Yugui Dou, Yanling Wang, Wei Sun, Yongqin Cao, Xiaonan Zhu, Jing Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the iodine nutrition and thyroid function of lactatingwomen in different iodine nutrition level of children in Gansu Province, and provide a scientific basis for iodine supplementation. METHODS: Liangzhou district( the median urinary iodine was greater than or equal to 300 g/L), Linze county( the median urinary iodine was from 200 to 299 g/L) and Huating county( the median urinary iodine was from100 to 199 g/L) were selected according to 8-10 years old children urinary iodine in2009...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903177/-concentration-of-red-blood-cell-folate-and-the-analysis-of-folic-acid-supplement-optimum-time-and-dose-in-first-trimester
#7
Yue Teng, Jingmiao Hu, Shan Dong, Lixia Zhang, Xin Lu, Haishan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To have a knowledge of prevalent red blood cell folate concentration in Beijing and analyzes optimum time and dose of folic acid supplement. To provide the basis data for making public health policy and clinical consultation. METHODS: This study included 3458 pregnant women who visited nutrition outpatient of the Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing in first trimester. Their last menstrual period is between 1st Feb 2014 and 31 st Jan 2016...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901548/post-discharge-feeding-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-adherence-to-nutrition-guidelines
#8
Jane Francis, Sharon Unger, Nicole Bando, Ashleigh Vance, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Paige Church, Daniel Sellen, Deborah L O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Infant feeding guidelines are important public health strategies to promote optimal growth, development and chronic disease prevention, but their effectiveness is contingent upon families' ability to adhere to them. Little is known of adherence to guidelines among nutritionally vulnerable infants, specifically those born very-low-birth-weight (<1500 grams). This study investigated whether post-discharge feeding practices for very-low-birth-weight infants align with current recommendations and explored parental and infant baseline socio-demographics related to these practices...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901461/refeeding-syndrome-relevance-for-the-critically-ill-patient
#9
Rianne Boot, Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Arthur R H van Zanten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of recent findings concerning refeeding syndrome (RFS) among critically ill patients and recommendations for daily practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature shows that RFS is common among critically ill ventilated patients. Usual risk factors for non-ICU patients addressed on ICU admission do not identify patients developing RFS. A marked drop of phosphate levels (>0.16 mmol/l) from normal levels within 72 h of commencement of feeding, selects patients that benefit from hypocaloric or restricted caloric intake for at least 48 h resulting in lower long-term mortality...
June 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899597/bioaccessibility-of-phenolic-compounds-lutein-and-bioelements-of-preparations-containing-chlorella-vulgaris-in-artificial-digestive-juices
#10
Bożena Muszyńska, Agata Krakowska, Jan Lazur, Barbara Jękot, Łukasz Zimmer, Agnieszka Szewczyk, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja, Ewa Poleszak, Włodzimierz Opoka
Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck is a spherical, green alga belonging to the genus Chlorella and family Chlorellaceae. It has high nutritional value and shows multiple biological effects. Dietary supplements that contain extracts of C. vulgaris are sold in the form of tablets, capsules, powders, and aqueous solutions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to determine the content of bioelements (zinc, iron, and magnesium), phenolic compounds, and lutein before and after incubation with artificial digestive juices from preparations containing C...
2018: Journal of Applied Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899222/trimester-specific-dietary-intakes-in-a-sample-of-french-canadian-pregnant-women-in-comparison-with-national-nutritional-guidelines
#11
Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, S John Weisnagel, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Claudia Gagnon, Julie Robitaille, Anne-Sophie Morisset
Diet during pregnancy greatly impacts health outcomes. This study aims to measure changes in dietary intakes throughout trimesters and to assess pregnant women&rsquo;s dietary intakes in comparison with current Canadian nutritional recommendations. Seventy-nine pregnant women were recruited and completed, within each trimester, three Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and one Web questionnaire on supplement use. Dietary intakes from food, with and without supplements, were compared to nutritional recommendations throughout pregnancy...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899183/dietary-intake-during-56-weeks-of-a-low-fat-diet-for-lomitapide-treatment-in-japanese-patients-with-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#12
Noriko Kameyama, Chizuko Maruyama, Fuyuha Kitagawa, Kazunobu Nishii, Kaori Uenomachi, Yayoi Katayama, Hiromi Koga, Naoko Chikamoto, Yuko Kuwata, Junko Torigoe, Masako Arimoto, Toshiaki Tokumaru, Katsunori Ikewaki, Atsushi Nohara, Yoshihiko Otsubo, Koji Yanagi, Masayuki Yoshida, Mariko Harada-Shiba
AIM: Lomitapide is an oral inhibitor of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein used to treat homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH); patients require a low-fat diet to minimize gastrointestinal adverse effects and dietary supplements to prevent nutrient deficiencies. We investigated the diet and nutritional status during lomitapide treatment. METHODS: Japanese patients with HoFH, who were in a phase 3 trial of lomitapide, were instructed to start low-fat diets with supplements of vitamin E and essential fatty acids 6 weeks before starting lomitapide treatment...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898671/a-study-protocol-of-older-person-s-exercise-and-nutrition-study-open-a-sit-to-stand-activity-combined-with-oral-protein-supplement-effects-on-physical-function-and-independence-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898649/bpc157-as-potential-agent-rescuing-from-cancer-cachexia
#14
Eun A Kang, Young Min Han, Jeong Min An, Yong Jin Park, Predrag Sikiric, Deok Hwan Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Yoon Jae Kim, Donghwa Yang, Hann Tchah, Ki Baik Hahm
Cancer cachexia, one of the metabolic syndromes caused by cancer, is a devastating and miserable condition encountered in more than 50% of terminal cancer patients presenting with significant weight loss associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and fat loss. Though cachexia may account for up to 20% of cancer deaths, no significant treatment is still lacking and is of urgent unmet medical need in cancer treatment. Therefore, understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms is essential for anticipating therapeutic approaches...
June 13, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897528/prebiotics-offered-to-broiler-chicken-exert-positive-effect-on-meat-quality-traits-irrespective-of-delivery-route
#15
S Tavaniello, G Maiorano, K Stadnicka, R Mucci, J Bogucka, M Bednarczyk
Elimination of antibiotic growth promoters from poultry production has encouraged intensive search for relevant alternatives. Prebiotics are proposed as efficient replacements to stimulate colonization/expansion of beneficial microflora in chickens. The aim of this study was to deepen the knowledge on the effect of prebiotic administration on slaughter performance and meat quality traits of broiler chickens by evaluating different routes of their delivery (in ovo vs. in-water vs. in ovo + in-water). At d 12 of incubation, 1,500 eggs (Ross 308) containing viable embryos were randomly allotted into 4 groups and injected in ovo with 0...
April 20, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896475/novel-means-for-photoprotection
#16
REVIEW
Kevin Sondenheimer, Jean Krutmann
Due to changes in human lifestyle (expanded sunbathing, the use of solaria, etc.) and, most importantly, increasing lifetime and thus higher cumulative exposure to solar radiation, skin aging and skin cancer have become major health issues. As a consequence effective photoprotection is of outmost importance to humans. In this regard a lot has been learned in the past about the cellular and molecular basis underlying ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced skin damage and, based on this knowledge, numerous skin protective approaches including organic and inorganic UV-filters, but also topically applicable antioxidants, DNA repair enzymes and compatible solutes as well as oral photoprotective strategies based on nutritional supplements have been developed...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895309/very-high-intact-protein-formula-successfully-provides-protein-intake-according-to-nutritional-recommendations-in-overweight-critically-ill-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-trial
#17
Arthur R H van Zanten, Laurent Petit, Jan De Waele, Hans Kieft, Janneke de Wilde, Peter van Horssen, Marianne Klebach, Zandrie Hofman
BACKGROUND: Optimal energy and protein provision through enteral nutrition is essential for critically ill patients. However, in clinical practice, the intake achieved is often far below the recommended targets. Because no polymeric formula with sufficient protein content is available, adequate protein intake can be achieved only by supplemental amino acids or semi-elemental formula administration. In the present study, we investigated whether protein intake can be increased with a new, very high intact-protein formula (VHPF) for enteral feeding...
June 12, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894642/acute-modulation-in-dietary-behavior-following-glycogen-depletion-and-post-exercise-supplementation-in-trained-cyclists
#18
Hsuan-Yu Wan, Jonathon L Stickford, Emily Dawkins, Alice K Lindeman, Joel M Stager
We investigated the influence of immediate post-exercise dietary supplementation on the subsequent food consumption pattern and endurance exercise performance in physically trained individuals. On two occasions, trained male cyclists performed a glycogen-depleting exercise bout followed by a 2-hour nutritional supplementation period, 28 hours of free-living recovery, and a subsequent 40-km cycling time trial. During the 2-hour post-exercise supplementation, subjects consumed equal volumes of reduced-fat chocolate milk (CM) or a sports beverage (SB) in a single-blind, randomized design...
June 12, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893847/effects-of-maternal-nutrition-and-rumen-protected-arginine-supplementation-on-ewe-performance-and-postnatal-lamb-growth-and-internal-organ-mass
#19
J L Peine, G Q Jia, M L Van Emon, T L Neville, J D Kirsch, C J Hammer, S T O'Rourke, L P Reynolds, J S Caton
The hypothesis of this study was that arginine supplementation would overcome negative effects of restricted maternal feed intake during the last two-thirds of gestation on ewe performance and positively impact postnatal lamb growth and development. Multiparous, Rambouillet ewes (n = 32) were allocated to 3 treatments in a completely random design at 54 ± 3.9 d of gestation. Dietary treatments were 100% of nutrient requirements (control, CON), 60% of control (restricted, RES), or RES plus a rumen-protected arginine supplement dosed at 180 mg/kg BW once daily (RES-ARG)...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892071/%C3%AE-apo-10-carotenoids-support-normal-embryonic-development-during-vitamin-a-deficiency
#20
Elizabeth Spiegler, Youn-Kyung Kim, Beatrice Hoyos, Sureshbabu Narayanasamy, Hongfeng Jiang, Nicole Savio, Robert W Curley, Earl H Harrison, Ulrich Hammerling, Loredana Quadro
Vitamin A deficiency is still a public health concern affecting millions of pregnant women and children. Retinoic acid, the active form of vitamin A, is critical for proper mammalian embryonic development. Embryos can generate retinoic acid from maternal circulating β-carotene upon oxidation of retinaldehyde produced via the symmetric cleavage enzyme β-carotene 15,15'-oxygenase (BCO1). Another cleavage enzyme, β-carotene 9',10'-oxygenase (BCO2), asymmetrically cleaves β-carotene in adult tissues to prevent its mitochondrial toxicity, generating β-apo-10'-carotenal, which can be converted to retinoids (vitamin A and its metabolites) by BCO1...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
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