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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806225/preventing-retained-central-venous-catheter-guidewires-a-randomized-controlled-simulation-study-using-a-human-factors-approach
#1
Maryanne Z A Mariyaselvam, Ken R Catchpole, David K Menon, Arun K Gupta, Peter J Young
BACKGROUND: Retained central venous catheter guidewires are never events. Currently, preventative techniques rely on clinicians remembering to remove the guidewire. However, solutions solely relying upon humans to prevent error inevitably fail. A novel locked procedure pack was designed to contain the equipment required for completing the procedure after the guidewire should have been removed: suture, suture holder, and antimicrobial dressings. The guidewire is used as a key to unlock the pack and to access the contents; thereby, the clinician must remove the guidewire from the patient to complete the procedure...
August 11, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796529/designed-ankyrin-repeat-proteins-as-her2-targeting-domains-in-chimeric-antigen-receptor-engineered-t-cells
#2
Elizabeth Siegler, Si Li, Yu Jeong Kim, Pin Wang
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) engineering is a branch of cancer immunotherapy that equips immune cells to target tumor antigens expressed on the cell surface using antibody-derived single-chain variable fragments (scFvs). However, other antibody mimetics, such as designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins), can also serve as antigen-binding domains in CARs. This study shows that CAR-engineered T (CAR-T) cells utilizing Her2-targeting DARPins G3 and 929 can target human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2)-overexpressing cancer cells as effectively as CAR-T cells with the scFv 4D5 in vitro, and G3 CAR-T cells can slow or eliminate tumor growth in vivo as effectively as 4D5 CAR-T cells...
June 22, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794289/differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-towards-nephrogenic-lineage-and-their-enhanced-resistance-to-oxygen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress
#3
Asima Tayyeb, Naveed Shahzad, Gibran Ali
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been publicized to ameliorate kidney injury both in vitro and in vivo. However, very less is known if MSCs can be differentiated towards renal lineages and their further application potential in kidney injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study developed a conditioning system of growth factors fibroblast growth factor 2, transforming growth factor-β2, and leukemia inhibitory factor for in vitro differentiation of MSCs isolated from different sources towards nephrogenic lineage...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790931/microtissues-enhance-smooth-muscle-differentiation-and-cell-viability-of-hadscs-for-three-dimensional-bioprinting
#4
Jin Yipeng, Xu Yongde, Wu Yuanyi, Sun Jilei, Guo Jiaxiang, Gao Jiangping, Yang Yong
Smooth muscle differentiated human adipose derived stem cells (hADSCs) provide a crucial stem cell source for urinary tissue engineering, but the induction of hADSCs for smooth muscle differentiation still has several issues to overcome, including a relatively long induction time and equipment dependence, which limits access to abundant stem cells within a short period of time for further application. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting holds great promise in regenerative medicine due to its controllable construction of a designed 3D structure...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790031/blimp1-induces-transient-metastatic-heterogeneity-in-pancreatic-cancer
#5
Shin-Heng Chiou, Viviana I Risca, Gordon X Wang, Dian Yang, Barbara M Grüner, Arwa S Kathiria, Rosanna K Ma, Dedeepya Vaka, Pauline Chu, Margaret Kozak, Laura Castellini, Edward E Graves, Grace E Kim, Philippe Mourrain, Albert C Koong, Amato J Giaccia, Monte M Winslow
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most metastatic and deadly cancers. Despite the clinical significance of metastatic spread, our understanding of molecular mechanisms that drive PDAC metastatic ability remains limited. Using a novel genetically engineered mouse model of human PDAC, we uncover a transient subpopulation of cancer cells with exceptionally high metastatic ability. Global gene expression profiling and functional analyses uncovered the transcription factor Blimp1 as a key driver of PDAC metastasis...
August 8, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783260/plasma-proteome-association-and-catalytic-activity-of-stealth-polymer-grafted-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#6
Miaoyi Wang, Ghizal Siddiqui, Ove J R Gustafsson, Aleksandr Käkinen, Ibrahim Javed, Nicolas H Voelcker, Darren J Creek, Pu Chun Ke, Thomas P Davis
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is widely used as an antifouling and stealth polymer in surface engineering and nanomedicine. However, recent research has revealed adverse effects of bioaccumulation and immunogenicity following the administration of PEG, prompting this proteomic examination of the plasma protein coronae association with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) grafted with brushed PEG (bPEG) and an alternative, brushed phosphorylcholine (bPC). Using label-free quantitation by liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry, this study determines protein abundances for the in vitro hard coronae of bare, bPC-, and bPEG-grafted IONPs in human plasma...
August 7, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780115/foreign-gene-expression-and-induction-of-antibody-response-by-recombinant-fowl-adenovirus-9-based-vectors-with-exogenous-promoters
#7
James G Ackford, Juan C Corredor, Yanlong Pei, Peter J Krell, Grégoy Bédécarrats, E Va Nagy
Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) are promising vectors for poultry vaccines and gene therapy. The commonly used human cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter in recombinant FAdV-9 viruses (recFAdV-9s) leads to foreign gene expression that elicits an antibody response. Despite its strength, studies have shown that the CMV promoter is prone to silencing by methylation hampering the in vivo application of vectors containing this promoter. Therefore, to improve our virus vector system and circumvent potential limitations of silencing, we engineered recFAdV-9s with foreign gene expression cassettes carrying the CMV enhancer/chicken β-actin (CAG) or the human elongation factor 1 alpha (EF1α) promoters with or without the posttranscriptional regulatory element of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WPRE)...
August 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779842/strategy-for-the-thermostabilization-of-an-agonist-bound-gpcr-coupled-to-a-g-protein
#8
Annette Strege, Byron Carpenter, Patricia C Edwards, Christopher G Tate
Structure determination of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in the inactive state bound to high-affinity antagonists has been very successful through the implementation of a number of protein engineering and crystallization strategies. However, the structure determination of GPCRs in their fully active state coupled to a G protein is still very challenging. Recently, mini-G proteins were developed, which recapitulate the coupling of a full heterotrimeric G protein to a GPCR despite being less than one-third of the size...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775169/loss-of-igf2-gene-imprinting-in-murine-prostate-promotes-widespread-neoplastic-growth
#9
Nathan Damaschke, Bing Yang, Sachin Bhusari, Mele Avilla, Weixiong Zhong, Michael L Blute, Wei Huang, David F Jarrard
Loss of imprinting (LOI) is an epigenetic event which relaxes an allele-specific restriction on gene expression. One gene that experiences LOI is the paracrine insulin-like growth factor IGF2, which occurs commonly in human prostate tissues during aging and tumorigenesis. However, the relationship between IGF2 LOI and prostate tumorigenesis has not been established functionally. In this study, we created a mouse model with CTCF binding site mutations at the Igf2-H19 imprint control region that abolishes CTCF insulator activity, resulting in biallelic Igf2 expression that mimics increased levels seen with aging-induced LOI...
August 3, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774590/human-adipose-mesenchymal-cells-inhibit-melanocyte-differentiation-and-the-pigmentation-of-human-skin-via-increased-expression-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#10
Agnes S Klar, Thomas Biedermann, Katarzyna Michalak, Teresa Michalczyk, Claudia Meuli-Simmen, Arnaud Scherberich, Martin Meuli, Ernst Reichmann
There is accumulating evidence that interactions between epidermal melanocytes and stromal cells play an important role in the regulation of skin pigmentation. In this study we established a pigmented dermo-epidermal skin model (melDESS) of human origin to investigate the effects of distinct stromal cells on melanogenesis. melDESS is a complex, clinically relevant skin equivalent composed of an epidermis containing both melanocytes and keratinocytes. Its dermal compartment consisted either of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASC), dermal fibroblasts, or a mixture of both cell types...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774013/additive-manufacturing-of-patient-customizable-scaffolds-for-tubular-tissues-using-the-melt-drawing-method
#11
Yu Jun Tan, Xipeng Tan, Wai Yee Yeong, Shu Beng Tor
Polymeric fibrous scaffolds for guiding cell growth are designed to be potentially used for the tissue engineering (TE) of tubular organs including esophagi, blood vessels, tracheas, etc. Tubular scaffolds were fabricated via melt-drawing of highly elastic poly(l-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLC) fibers layer-by-layer on a cylindrical mandrel. The diameter and length of the scaffolds are customizable via 3D printing of the mandrel. Thickness of the scaffolds was varied by changing the number of layers of the melt-drawing process...
November 3, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771038/classification-of-driving-workload-affected-by-highway-alignment-conditions-based-on-classification-and-regression-tree-algorithm
#12
Jiangbi Hu, Ronghua Wang
OBJECTIVE: Guaranteeing a safe and comfortable driving workload can contribute to reducing traffic injuries. In order to provide safe and comfortable threshold values, this study attempted to classify driving workload from the aspects of human factors mainly affected by highway geometric conditions, and to determine the thresholds of different workload classifications. This paper stated a hypothesis that the values of driver workload change within a certain range. METHODS: Driving workload scales were stated based on a comprehensive literature review...
August 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767408/integration-of-genomic-transcriptomic-and-functional-profiles-of-aggressive-osteosarcomas-across-multiple-species
#13
Lara E Davis, Sophia Jeng, Matthew N Svalina, Elaine Huang, Janét Pittsenbarger, Emma L Cantor, Noah Berlow, Bernard Seguin, Atiya Mansoor, Shannon K McWeeney, Charles Keller
In complex, highly unstable genomes such as in osteosarcoma, targeting aberrant checkpoint processes (metabolic, cell cycle or immune) may prove more successful than targeting specific kinase or growth factor signaling pathways. Here, we establish a comparative oncology approach characterizing the most lethal osteosarcomas identified in a biorepository of tumors from three different species: human, mouse and canine. We describe the development of a genetically-engineered mouse model of osteosarcoma, establishment of primary cell cultures from fatal human tumors, and a biorepository of osteosarcoma surgical specimens from pet dogs...
July 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763355/regulatory-considerations-for-physiological-closed-loop-controlled-medical-devices-used-for-automated-critical-care-food-and-drug-administration-workshop-discussion-topics
#14
Bahram Parvinian, Christopher Scully, Hanniebey Wiyor, Allison Kumar, Sandy Weininger
Part of the mission of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) at the US Food and Drug Administration is to facilitate medical device innovation. Therefore, CDRH plays an important role in helping its stakeholders such as manufacturers, health care professionals, patients, patient advocates, academia, and other government agencies navigate the regulatory landscape for medical devices. This is particularly important for innovative physiological closed-loop controlled (PCLC) devices used in critical care environments, such as intensive care units, emergency settings, and battlefield environments...
July 28, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757246/evaluation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-modulation-of-trigeminal-neuronal-responses-to-cold
#15
Michael A Eskander, Koyo Takimoto, Anibal Diogenes
Tissue engineering protocols, such as regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs), comprise biologically based procedures designed to restore normal physiologic function. For REPs, the goal is reconstitution of the pulp-dentin complex by delivering mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), including the stem cells of the apical papilla (SCAP) into a root canal system. Many patients regain cold sensitivity after REPs, but the mechanism is not understood. We hypothesized that SCAP modulate nociceptive function through a paracrine mechanism that activates cold-sensitive ion channels in neurons...
July 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757080/a-fusion-receptor-as-a-safety-switch-detection-and-purification-biomarker-for-adoptive-transferred-t-cells
#16
Xiuqi Wu, Bizhi Shi, Jiqin Zhang, Zhimin Shi, Shengmeng Di, Minliang Fan, Huiping Gao, Hai Wang, Jianren Gu, Hua Jiang, Zonghai Li
The incorporation of an endogenous safety switch represents a rational strategy for the control of toxicities following the administration of adoptive T cell therapies. An ideal safety switch should be capable of depleting the transferred T cells with minimal injury to normal tissues. We generated a fusion receptor by engineering a cryptic 806 epitope of human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) into the N terminus of the full-length human folate receptor 1 (FOLR1), designated as FR806. The expression of FR806 allows transduced T cells to be targeted with CH12, a monoclonal antibody recognizing the 806 epitope, but not wild-type EGFR in healthy tissues...
July 3, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756234/anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-with-a-glyco-engineered-fc-region-has-increased-efficacy-in-mice-with-colitis
#17
Felicia M Bloemendaal, Alon D Levin, Manon E Wildenberg, Pim J Koelink, Bradford L McRae, Jochen Salfeld, Jenifer Lum, Marijn van der Neut Kolfschoten, Jill W Claassens, Remco Visser, Arthur Bentlage, Geert R A M D'Haens, J Sjef Verbeek, Gestur Vidarsson, Gijs R van den Brink
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists reduce many clinical features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), complete mucosal healing occurs in less than 50% of patients. The Fc region of monoclonal antibodies against TNF has immunosuppressive properties via effects on macrophage polarization. We examined the interaction between the anti-TNF Fc region and Fcγ receptors (FcγR), and whether the absence of the Fc core fucose (which increases binding to FcγRIIIa) increases the efficacy of anti-TNF in mice with colitis...
July 26, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752194/from-engineering-to-editing-the-rat-genome
#18
Stephen Meek, Tomoji Mashimo, Tom Burdon
Since its domestication over 100 years ago, the laboratory rat has been the preferred experimental animal in many areas of biomedical research (Lindsey and Baker The laboratory rat. Academic, New York, pp 1-52, 2006). Its physiology, size, genetics, reproductive cycle, cognitive and behavioural characteristics have made it a particularly useful animal model for studying many human disorders and diseases. Indeed, through selective breeding programmes numerous strains have been derived that are now the mainstay of research on hypertension, obesity and neurobiology (Okamoto and Aoki Jpn Circ J 27:282-293, 1963; Zucker and Zucker J Hered 52(6):275-278, 1961)...
July 27, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750600/towards-modular-bone-tissue-engineering-using-ti-co-doped-phosphate-glass-microspheres-cytocompatibility-and-dynamic-culture-studies
#19
Carlotta Peticone, David De Silva Thompson, Gareth J Owens, Hae-Won Kim, Martina Micheletti, Jonathan C Knowles, Ivan Wall
The production of large quantities of functional vascularized bone tissue ex vivo still represent an unmet clinical challenge. Microcarriers offer a potential solution to scalable manufacture of bone tissue due to their high surface area-to-volume ratio and the capacity to be assembled using a modular approach. Microcarriers made of phosphate bioactive glass doped with titanium dioxide have been previously shown to enhance proliferation of osteoblast progenitors and maturation towards functional osteoblasts...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747655/strategies-to-mitigate-variability-in-engineering-human-nasal-cartilage
#20
Stephen H J Andrews, Melanie Kunze, Aillette Mulet-Sierra, Lynn Williams, Khalid Ansari, Martin Osswald, Adetola B Adesida
Skin cancer and its associated treitments can have devastating consequences for survivors; this is particularly true when cancer occurs on the nose. Recent work has applied cell-based tissue engineering (TE) strategies to develop nasal cartilage constructs for reconstruction of the nose. In this study, we have generated human nasal cartilage on a clinically approved collagen scaffold to investigate the donor-to-donor variability of TE cartilage and evaluated strategies to mitigate it. We also evaluated the gene expression of the family of fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR1-4) and their association with tissue quality...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
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