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Critical theory and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762315/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-on-the-psychological-health-and-emotional-well-being-of-family-carers-of-people-with-dementia-following-residential-care-placement-a-systematic-review
#1
Deborah Brooks, Elaine Fielding, Elizabeth Beattie, Helen Edwards, Sonia Hines
OBJECTIVE: To identify, appraise and synthesize existing evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions on the psychological health and emotional well-being of family carers of people with dementia who have moved into residential care. INTRODUCTION: Many carers experience stress, guilt, grief and depression following placement of a relative with dementia into residential care. Psychosocial interventions to support family carers may help to improve psychological health and emotional well-being; however, evidence for such interventions delivered to family carers following placement has yet to be appraised and synthesized...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762312/the-influence-of-occupation-on-wellbeing-as-experienced-by-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#2
Christina Jessen-Winge, Mille Nyboe Petersen, Anne-Le Morville
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to synthesize knowledge regarding which types of occupations the elderly perceive as important to and supporting their overall wellbeing. INTRODUCTION: Being active is an important part of managing the daily challenges of advanced old age. Occupational therapy and occupational science are based on the premise that a person's occupations are intertwined with their health and are thus needed for them to experience a meaningful life and improve their wellbeing...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761962/-study-on-regurgitation-using-the-coupling-model-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-cardiovascular-system
#3
Fangqun Wang, Zhenhai Wu, Teng Jing, Qing Xu, Jinhao Yao, Jinghua Ji
Regurgitation is an abnormal condition happens when left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) operated at a low speed, which causes LVAD to fail to assist natural blood-pumping by heart and thus affects patients' health. According to the degree of regurgitation, three LVAD's regurgitation states were identified in this paper: no regurgitation, slight regurgitation and severe regurgitation. Regurgitation index ( RI ), which is presented based on the theory of dynamic closed cavity, is used to grade the regurgitation of LVAD...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746285/colourism-a-global-adolescent-health-concern
#4
Nadia Craddock, Ncoza Dlova, Phillippa C Diedrichs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Colourism, a form of prejudice and discrimination based solely upon skin colour, stands to jeopardize the physical health, wellbeing and life chances of adolescents of colour, globally. RECENT FINDINGS: Research shows that adolescents can experience colourism at school and college, in the criminal justice system, at work and in the media they consume. It is therefore unsurprising that adolescents of colour often express a desire for lighter skin tones and/or are dissatisfied with their skin tone...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745717/factors-contributing-to-the-effective-functioning-of-veterans-mental-health-councils
#5
Sarah Beehler, Sarah A Marsella, Peggy M Henderson, Sandra G Resnick, Mark Meterko
Veterans Mental Health Councils (VMHCs) have been established at many Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers to promote recovery and improve mental health services. Though research shows that consumer-led advisory councils may produce a number of positive outcomes, the aspects of implementation critical for VMHC effectiveness have not been identified. The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing effective functioning of VMHC, including contextual factors affecting council success. A key goal was to understand how participants defined effective council functioning...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744945/understanding-the-development-of-a-regulated-market-approach-to-new-psychoactive-substances-nps-in-new-zealand-using-punctuated-equilibrium-theory
#6
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The short-lived regulated legal market for new psychoactive substances (NPS) in New Zealand marked a radical departure from the traditional prohibition-based approach. This paper aimed to enhance understanding of this policy change using Punctuated Equilibrium Theory (PET). METHODS: The analysis draws on three years of evaluative research, including interviews with key stakeholders, analysis of legislation and policy documents and academic and grey literature...
May 9, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743051/the-effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-treat-tailoring-research-evidence-and-theory-journal-clubs-in-allied-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Rachel J Wenke, Rae Thomas, Ian Hughes, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JC) may increase clinicians' evidence-based practice (EBP) skills and facilitate evidence uptake in clinical practice, however there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in allied health. We investigated the effectiveness of a structured JC that is Tailored According to Research Evidence And Theory (TREAT) in improving EBP skills and practice compared to a standard JC format for allied health professionals. Concurrently, we explored the feasibility of implementing TREAT JCs in a healthcare setting, by evaluating participating clinicians' perceptions and satisfaction...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737244/the-development-of-specialized-palliative-care-in-the-community-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evolution-of-15-teams
#8
Hsien Seow, Daryl Bainbridge
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional specialized palliative care teams at home improve patient outcomes, reduce healthcare costs, and support many patients to die at home. However, practical details about how to develop home-based teams in different regions and health systems are scarce. AIM: To examine how a variety of home-based specialized palliative care teams created and grew their team over time and to identify critical steps in their evolution. DESIGN: A qualitative study was designed based on a grounded theory approach, using semi-structured interviews and other documentation...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725196/theory-informed-research-training-and-mentoring-of-underrepresented-early-career-faculty-at-teaching-intensive-institutions-the-obesity-health-disparities-pride-program
#9
Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce, Roland J Thorpe, Elizabeth Heitman, Derek M Griffith, Keith C Norris
Mentoring has been consistently identified as an important element for career advancement in many biomedical and health professional disciplines and has been found to be critical for success and promotion in academic settings. Early-career faculty from groups underrepresented in biomedical research, however, are less likely to have mentors, and in general, receive less mentoring than their majority-group peers, particularly among those employed in teaching-intensive institutions. This article describes Obesity Health Disparities (OHD) PRIDE, a theoretically and conceptually based research training and mentoring program designed for early-career faculty who trained or are employed at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720365/web-based-intervention-for-women-with-type-1-diabetes-in-pregnancy-and-early-motherhood-critical-analysis-of-adherence-to-technological-elements-and-study-design
#10
Marie Berg, Karolina Linden, Annsofie Adolfsson, Carina Sparud Lundin, Agneta Ranerup
BACKGROUND: Numerous Web-based interventions have been implemented to promote health and health-related behaviors in persons with chronic conditions. Using randomized controlled trials to evaluate such interventions creates a range of challenges, which in turn can influence the study outcome. Applying a critical perspective when evaluating Web-based health interventions is important. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to critically analyze and discuss the challenges of conducting a Web-based health intervention as a randomized controlled trial...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703237/optimizing-a-community-engaged-multi-level-group-intervention-to-reduce-substance-use-an-application-of-the-multiphase-optimization-strategy
#11
Liliane Cambraia Windsor, Ellen Benoit, Douglas Smith, Rogério M Pinto, Kari C Kugler
BACKGROUND: Rates of alcohol and illicit drug use (AIDU) are consistently similar across racial groups (Windsor and Negi, J Addict Dis 28:258-68, 2009; Keyes et al. Soc Sci Med 124:132-41, 2015). Yet AIDU has significantly higher consequences for residents in distressed communities with concentrations of African Americans (DCAA - i.e., localities with high rates of poverty and crime) who also have considerably less access to effective treatment of substance use disorders (SUD). This project is optimizing Community Wise, an innovative multi-level behavioral-health intervention created in partnership with service providers and residents of distressed communities with histories of SUD and incarceration, to reduce health inequalities related to AIDU...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697022/exploring-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-support-systems-among-female-youth-in-the-northwest-territories-using-body-mapping
#12
Candice Lys
The mental health of young women in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada, is a critical public health concern; however, there is a dearth of research that examines how this population manages mental health challenges. This study explores the self-identified strategies that female youth in the NWT use to cope with mental health issues. The arts-based qualitative method of body mapping and a trauma-informed, strengths-based approach grounded in social ecological theory was used to collect data during in-depth semi-structured interviews...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#13
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689054/community-health-worker-interventions-to-promote-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#14
Hae-Ra Han, Kyounghae Kim, Jeanne Murphy, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Patty Wilson, Phyllis Sharps, Jason E Farley
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) interventions are a successful strategy to promote health among HIV-negative and persons living with HIV (PLWH). Psychosocial factors are critical dimensions of HIV/AIDS care contributing to prognosis of the disease, yet it is unclear how CHW interventions improve psychosocial outcomes in PLWH. The purpose of this study was to critically appraise the types, scope, and nature of CHW interventions designed to address psychosocial outcomes in PLWH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684128/understanding-australian-policies-on-public-health-using-social-and-political-science-theories-reflections-from-an-academy-of-the-social-sciences-in-australia-workshop
#15
Fran Baum, Adam Graycar, Toni Delany-Crowe, Evelyne de Leeuw, Carol Bacchi, Jennie Popay, Lionel Orchard, Hal Colebatch, Sharon Friel, Colin MacDougall, Elizabeth Harris, Angela Lawless, Dennis McDermott, Matthew Fisher, Patrick Harris, Clare Phillips, Jane Fitzgerald
There is strong, and growing, evidence documenting health inequities across the world. However, most governments do not prioritize policies to encourage action on the social determinants of health and health equity. Furthermore, despite evidence concerning the benefits of joined-up, intersectoral policy to promote health and health equity, it is rare for such policy approaches to be applied systematically. To examine the usefulness of political and social science theory in understanding the reasons for this disjuncture between evidence and practice, researchers and public servants gathered in Adelaide for an Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) Workshop...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#16
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676503/toward-a-global-geroethics-gerontology-and-the-theory-of-the-good-human-life
#17
Hans-Joerg Ehni, Selma Kadi, Maartje Schermer, Sridhar Venkatapuram
Gerontologists have proposed different concepts for ageing well such as 'successful ageing', 'active ageing', and 'healthy ageing'. These conceptions are primarily focused on maintaining health and preventing disease. But they also raise the questions: what is a good life in old age and how can it be achieved? While medical in origin, these concepts and strategies for ageing well also contain ethical advice for individuals and societies on how to act regarding ageing and old age. This connection between gerontology and ethics is overlooked by both schools of thought...
May 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673378/are-randomised-controlled-trials-positivist-reviewing-the-social-science-and-philosophy-literature-to-assess-positivist-tendencies-of-trials-of-social-interventions-in-public-health-and-health-services
#18
Chris Bonell, Graham Moore, Emily Warren, Laurence Moore
BACKGROUND: We have previously proposed that trials of social interventions can be done within a "realist" research paradigm. Critics have countered that such trials are irredeemably positivist and asked us to explain our philosophical position. METHODS: We set out to explore what is meant by positivism and whether trials adhere to its tenets (of necessity or in practice) via a narrative literature review of social science and philosophical discussions of positivism, and of the trials literature and three case studies of trials...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672098/four-avenues-of-normative-influence-a-research-agenda-for-health-promotion-in-low-and-mid-income-countries
#19
Beniamino Cislaghi, Lori Heise
Health promotion interventions in low and midincome countries (LMIC) are increasingly integrating strategies to change local social norms that sustain harmful practices. However, the literature on social norms and health in LMIC is still scarce. A well-known application of social norm theory in LMIC involves abandonment of female genital cutting (FGC) in West Africa. We argue that FGC is a special case because of its unique relationship between the norm and the practice; health promotion interventions would benefit from a wider understanding of how social norms can influence different types of health-related behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671879/harnessing-mhealth-technologies-to-increase-physical-activity-and-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
David I Feldman, W Theodore Robison, Justin M Pacor, Luke C Caddell, Erica B Feldman, Rachel L Deitz, Theodore Feldman, Seth S Martin, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha
Cardiovascular prevention research has increasingly focused on mobile health (mHealth) technologies and their efficacy in helping individuals adhere to heart-healthy recommendations, including daily physical activity levels. By including the use of mHealth technologies in the discussion of physical activity recommendations, clinicians empower patients to play an active daily role in modifying their cardiovascular risk factor profile. In this review, we critically evaluate the mHealth and physical activity literature to determine how these tools may lower cardiovascular risk while providing real-time tracking, feedback and motivation on physical activity levels...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
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