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Critical theory and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148105/experiences-of-nurse-case-managers-within-a-central-discharge-planning-role-of-collaboration-between-physicians-patients-and-other-healthcare-professionals-a-sociocultural-qualitative-study
#1
Jorun E Thoma, Marion A Waite
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Purpose of this study was to gain knowledge of Nurse Case Managers' (NCM) experiences within the German acute care context of collaboration with patients and physicians in a discharge planning role. Further to learn about patients' assignment to the management of the NCMs. Explicitly, to explore critical incidences of interactions between NCM, patients and health care practitioner in discharge planning to understand the factor that contributes to effective collaboration...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144594/on-the-origin-of-obesity-identifying-the-biological-environmental-and-cultural-drivers-of-genetic-risk-among-human-populations
#2
REVIEW
A Qasim, M Turcotte, R J de Souza, M C Samaan, D Champredon, J Dushoff, J R Speakman, D Meyre
Genetic predisposition to obesity presents a paradox: how do genetic variants with a detrimental impact on human health persist through evolutionary time? Numerous hypotheses, such as the thrifty genotype hypothesis, attempt to explain this phenomenon yet fail to provide a justification for the modern obesity epidemic. In this critical review, we appraise existing theories explaining the evolutionary origins of obesity and explore novel biological and sociocultural agents of evolutionary change to help explain the modern-day distribution of obesity-predisposing variants...
November 16, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143635/a-systematic-review-of-concepts-related-to-women-s-empowerment-in-the-perinatal-period-and-their-associations-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-premature-birth
#3
Esmeralda R Garcia, Ilona S Yim
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period, which we here define as pregnancy and the first year postpartum, is a time in women's lives that involves significant physiological and psychosocial change and adjustment, including changes in their social status and decision-making power. Supporting women's empowerment at this particular time in their lives may be an attractive opportunity to create benefits for maternal and infant health outcomes such as reductions in perinatal depressive symptoms and premature birth rates...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#4
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137668/advancing-theory-development-exploring-the-leadership-climate-relationship-as-a-mechanism-of-the-implementation-of-cultural-competence
#5
Erick G Guerrero, Karissa Fenwick, Yinfei Kong
BACKGROUND: Leadership style and specific organizational climates have emerged as critical mechanisms to implement targeted practices in organizations. Drawing from relevant theories, we propose that climate for implementation of cultural competence reflects how transformational leadership may enhance the organizational implementation of culturally responsive practices in health care organizations. METHODS: Using multilevel data from 427 employees embedded in 112 addiction treatment programs collected in 2013, confirmatory factor analysis showed adequate fit statistics for our measure of climate for implementation of cultural competence (Cronbach's alpha = ...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137602/behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-second-hand-smoke-exposure-at-home-in-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-intervention-appraisal
#6
Mukesh Dherani, Syeda Nosheen Zehra, Cath Jackson, Veena Satyanaryana, Rumana Huque, Prabha Chandra, Atif Rahman, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure during pregnancy is associated with poor pregnancy and foetal outcomes. Theory-based behaviour change interventions (BCI) have been used successfully to change smoking related behaviours and offer the potential to reduce exposure of SHS in pregnant women. Systematic reviews conducted so far do not evaluate the generalisability and scalability of interventions. The objectives of this review were to (1) report the BCIs for reduction in home exposure to SHS for pregnant women; and (2) critically appraise intervention-reporting, generalisability, feasibility and scalability of the BCIs employed...
November 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137552/clinical-governance-breakdown-australian-cases-of-wilful-blindness-and-whistleblowing
#7
Sonja Cleary, Maxine Duke
BACKGROUND: After their attempts to have patient safety concerns addressed internally were ignored by wilfully blind managers, nurses from Bundaberg Base Hospital and Macarthur Health Service felt compelled to 'blow the whistle'. Wilful blindness is the human desire to prefer ignorance to knowledge; the responsibility to be informed is shirked. OBJECTIVE: To provide an account of instances of wilful blindness identified in two high-profile cases of nurse whistleblowing in Australia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132284/love-matters-exploring-conceptions-of-love-in-rwanda-and-swaziland-and-relationship-to-hiv-and-intimate-partner-violence
#8
Allison Ruark, Erin Stern, Thandeka Dlamini-Simelane, Marie Fidele Kakuze
Health risks such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection often occur within intimate sexual relationships, yet the study of love and intimacy is largely absent from health research on African populations. This study explores how women and men in Rwanda and Swaziland understand and represent love in their intimate sexual partnerships. In Rwanda, 58 in-depth interviews with 15 couples, 12 interviews with activists, and 24 focus group discussions were carried out during formative and evaluative research of the Indashyikirwa programme, which aims to reduce IPV and support healthy couple relationships...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121884/evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-new-parents-protocol-paper-for-a-randomized-trial
#9
Alison Quinlan, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark R Beauchamp, Danielle Symons Downs, Darren E R Warburton, Chris M Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Identifying critical life transitions in people's physical activity behaviors may illuminate the most opportune intervention apertures for chronic disease prevention. A substantive evidence base now indicates that parenthood is one of these critical transition points for physical activity decline. This study will examine whether a brief theory-based intervention can prevent a decline in physical activity among new parents over 6 months following intervention. This study protocol represents the first dyad-based physical activity initiative in the parenthood literature involving both mothers and fathers; prior research has focused on only mothers or only fathers (albeit limited), and has shown only short-term changes in physical activity...
November 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119685/fundamental-care-and-knowledge-interests-implications-for-nursing-science
#10
José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, Ester Mateo Aguilar, Cayetano Aranda Torres, Pablo Román López, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this discursive paper was to characterize the intra-theoretical interests of knowledge in nursing science as an epistemological framework for fundamental care. BACKGROUND: For Jürgen Habermas, theory does not separate knowledge interests from life. All knowledge, understanding and human research is always interested. Habermas formulated the knowledge interests in empirical-analytical, historical-hermeneutic and critical social sciences; but said nothing about health sciences and nursing science...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110730/a-meta-science-for-a-global-bioethics-and-biomedicine
#11
David S Basser
BACKGROUND: As suggested by Shook and Giordano, understanding and therefore addressing the urgent international governance issues around globalizing bio-medical/technology research and applications is limited by the perception of the underlying science. METHODS: A philosophical methodology is used, based on novel and classical philosophical reflection upon existent literature, clinical wisdoms and narrative theory to discover a meta-science and telos of humankind for the development of a relevant and defendable global biomedical bioethics...
November 7, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109034/the-changing-health-of-thalidomide-survivors-as-they-age-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth Newbronner, Karl Atkin
BACKGROUND: In the late 1950s and early 1960s the drug Thalidomide was given to thousands of pregnant women across the world to relieve morning sickness. The drug caused severe birth defects. Much has been written about the drug, its teratogenic effects, and the nature of the damage it caused. There is however, little literature exploring ageing with Thalidomide damage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the review was to bring together, for the first time, the evidence about the Thalidomide-related health problems Thalidomide survivors are experiencing, as they grow older...
October 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101093/understanding-older-adult-s-technology-adoption-and-withdrawal-for-elderly-care-and-education-mixed-method-analysis-from-national-survey
#13
Ching-Ju Chiu, Chia-Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Elderly adults have comprised the fastest growing population adopting the Internet and computer technology over the past decade. However, how their experiences can shed light on elderly learning theory has not been examined much in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the factors and reasons associated with Internet adoption and withdrawal among older adults in Taiwan, and if any gender differences exist in this context. METHODS: Data on participants aged 50 years and older from the nationally representative "Digital Opportunity Survey on Individuals and Households in Taiwan," who did not use the Internet in 2005 but adopted it in 2007 (n=1548), and those who reported using Internet in 2011 but then withdrew (n=1575), were analyzed...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099239/physician-approaches-to-conflict-with-families-surrounding-end-of-life-decision-making-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study
#14
Hashim M Mehter, Jessica B McCannon, Jack A Clark, Renda Soylemez Wiener
RATIONALE: Families of critically ill patients are often asked to make difficult decisions to pursue, withhold or withdraw aggressive care or resuscitative measures, exercising "substituted judgment" from the imagined standpoint of the patient. Conflict may arise between intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and family members regarding the optimal course of care. OBJECTIVES: To characterize how ICU physicians approach and manage conflict with surrogates regarding end-of-life decision-making...
November 3, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098695/research-recruitment-a-marketing-framework-to-improve-sample-representativeness-in-health-research
#15
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa-Boucas, Lesley A Smith
AIMS: This discussion paper proposes a five-part theoretical framework to inform recruitment strategies. The framework is based on a marketing model of consumer decision-making. BACKGROUND: Respondents in surveys are typically healthier than non-respondents, which has an impact on the availability of information about those most in need. Previous research has identified response patterns, provided theories about why people participate in research and evaluated different recruitment strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084318/dose-content-and-mediators-of-family-based-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Denise E Wilfley, Brian E Saelens, Richard I Stein, John R Best, Rachel P Kolko, Kenneth B Schechtman, Michael Wallendorf, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Leonard H Epstein
Importance: Elucidation of optimal dosing and treatment content is critical for health care providers, payers, and policy makers, as well as mechanisms of change to inform intervention delivery and training initiatives for childhood obesity. Objectives: To evaluate effects, following a 4-month family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT), of 2 doses (HIGH or LOW) of a weight-control intervention (enhanced social facilitation maintenance [SFM+]) vs a weight-control education condition (CONTROL; matched for dose with LOW), on child anthropometrics, and to explore putative mediators of weight loss outcomes...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072305/life-history-theory-hypotheses-on-child-growth-potential-implications-for-short-and-long-term-child-growth-development-and-health
#17
EDITORIAL
Rihlat Said-Mohamed, John M Pettifor, Shane A Norris
Life history theory integrates ecological, physiological, and molecular layers within an evolutionary framework to understand organisms' strategies to optimize survival and reproduction. Two life history hypotheses and their implications for child growth, development, and health (illustrated in the South African context) are reviewed here. One hypothesis suggests that there is an energy trade-off between linear growth and brain growth. Undernutrition in infancy and childhood may trigger adaptive physiological mechanisms prioritizing the brain at the expense of body growth...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069335/uncovering-the-wisdom-hidden-between-the-lines-the-collaborative-reflexive-deliberative-approach
#18
Benjamin F Crabtree, William L Miller, Jane M Gunn, William E Hogg, Cathie M Scott, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Mark F Harris, Sabrina M Chase, Jenny R Advocat, Lisa M Halma, Grant M Russell
Background: Meta-analysis and meta-synthesis have been developed to synthesize results across published studies; however, they are still largely grounded in what is already published, missing the tacit 'between the lines' knowledge generated during many research projects that are not intrinsic to the main objectives of studies. Objective: To develop a novel approach to expand and deepen meta-syntheses using researchers' experience, tacit knowledge and relevant unpublished materials...
October 23, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065029/medical-education-to-enhance-critical-consciousness-facilitators-experiences
#19
Zareen Zaidi, Rashmi Vyas, Danielle Verstegen, Page Morahan, Tim Dornan
PURPOSE: To analyze educators' experiences of facilitating cultural discussions in two global health professions education programs and what these experiences had taught them about critical consciousness. METHOD: A multicultural research team conducted in-depth interviews with 16 faculty who had extensive experience facilitating cultural discussions. They analyzed transcripts of the interviews thematically, drawing sensitizing insights from Gramsci's theory of cultural hegemony...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061558/commercially-available-smartphone-apps-to-support-postoperative-pain-self-management-scoping-review
#20
Chitra Lalloo, Ushma Shah, Kathryn A Birnie, Cleo Davies-Chalmers, Jordan Rivera, Jennifer Stinson, Fiona Campbell
BACKGROUND: Recently, the use of smartphones to deliver health-related content has experienced rapid growth, with more than 165,000 mobile health (mHealth) apps currently available in the digital marketplace. With 3 out of 4 Canadians currently owning a smartphone, mHealth apps offer opportunities to deliver accessible health-related knowledge and support. Many individuals experience pain after surgery, which can negatively impact their health-related quality of life, including sleep, emotional, and social functioning...
October 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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