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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728403/newborn-traits-associated-with-pre-weaning-growth-and-survival-in-piglets
#1
Morakot Nuntapaitoon, Ramon Muns, Padet Tummaruk
Objective: Piglet pre-weaning mortality is an important variable indicating the efficacy of farrowing management and animal well-being during lactation. The present study determined the association of newborn traits measured soon after birth with piglet pre-weaning mortality and growth. Methods: In total, 805 piglets born from 57 multiparous sows were investigated. Their blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose and rectal temperature at 24 h after birth (RT24h) were monitored...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728402/influence-of-body-condition-score-at-calving-on-the-metabolic-status-and-production-performance-of-murrah-buffaloes-bubalus-bubalis-during-the-transition-period
#2
Nelson Carvalho Delfino, Lucas Fialho de Aragão Bulcão, Henry Daniel Ruiz Alba, Mauricio Xavier da Silva Oliveira, Filipe Pinheiro Soares de Queiroz, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho, Francisco Palma Rennó, José Esler Freitas Júnior
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of body condition score (BCS) at calving on the metabolic status of female Murrah buffaloes in the transition period. Methods: Thirty-seven pregnant buffaloes (multiparous) were selected and monitored during the transition period based on their body condition score and on the estimated calving date. Two groups were formed: 1) buffaloes with a BCS > 3.5 (n = 17); this group was classified and named 'high BCS at calving' (HBCS); and 2) buffaloes with a BCS ≤ 3...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728379/effects-of-dietary-glutamine-and-arginine-supplementation-on-performance-intestinal-morphology-and-ascites-mortality-in-broiler-chickens-reared-under-cold-environment
#3
Rahim Abdulkarimi, Mohammad Hossien Shahir, Mohsen Daneshyar
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary glutamine (Gln) and arginine (Arg) supplementation on performance, intestinal morphology and ascites mortality in broilers. Methods: A total of 675 day old chicks were randomly allocated to 9 experimental groups in a 3×3 factorial arrangement based on a completely randomized design with 5 replicates of 15 chicks. Three levels of dietary Gln (0, 0.5 and 1%) and Arg (100, 130% and 160% of Ross recommendation) supplementation were used in ascites inducing condition (15±1 ˚C) from 7 to 42 days of age...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728370/endotoxin-induced-inflammation-disturbs-melatonin-secretion-in-ewe
#4
Andrzej Przemysław Herman, Karolina Wojtulewicz, Joanna Bochenek, Agata Krawczyńska, Hanna Antushevich, Bartosz Pawlina, Marlena Zielińska-Góska, Anna Herman, Katarzyna Romanowicz, Dorota Tomaszewska-Zaremba
The study was designed to determine the effect of intravenous administration of bacterial endotoxin - lipopolysaccharide (LPS) - on the nocturnal secretion of melatonin and on the expression of enzymes of the melatonin biosynthetic pathway in the pineal gland of ewes, taking into account two different photoperiodic conditions: short night (SN; n = 12) and long night (LN; n = 12). Endotoxin administration lowered (P < 0.05) levels of circulating melatonin in animals from LN photoperiod only during the first hour after treatment, while in ewes from SN photoperiod only in the third hour after the injection...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728366/effect-of-dietary-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-productive-performance-egg-quality-and-utilization-of-dietary-energy-and-nutrients-in-aged-laying-hens-raised-under-hot-climatic-conditions
#5
Moon Chan Kim, Jong Hyuk Kim, Franco Martinez Pitargue, Do Yoon Koo, Hyeon Seok Choi, Dong Yong Kil
Objective: The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of dietary β-mannanase on productive performance, egg quality, and utilization of dietary energy and nutrients in aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions. Methods: A total of 320 84-wk-old Hy-line Brown aged laying hens were allotted to one of four treatments with eight replicates in a completely randomized design. Two dietary treatments with high energy (HE; 2,800 kcal/kg AMEn) and low energy (LE; 2,700 kcal/kg AMEn) were formulated...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728360/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-gossypol-degrading-bacteria-bacillus-subtilis-strain-rbs
#6
Yunhua Zhang, Lijuan Chen, Zhengyou Zhang, Li Dai, Ying Liu, Maoji Cheng
Objective: An experiment was conducted to isolate gossypol-degrading bacteria and assessed its potential for gossypol degradation. Methods: Rumen liquid was collected from the rumen of cows through fistula from the experimental pasture. Approximately 1 ml of the rumen liquid was spread onto basal medium plates containing 2 g/l gossypol as the only source of carbon and was then cultured at 39°C to isolate gossypol-degrading bacteria. The isolated colonies were cultured for 6 h and then observed their size and shape by the microscope and scanning electron microscope...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728329/liposuction-in-the-treatment-of-lipedema-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Mehran Dadras, Peter Joachim Mallinger, Cord Christian Corterier, Sotiria Theodosiadi, Mojtaba Ghods
BACKGROUND: Lipedema is a condition consisting of painful bilateral increases in subcutaneous fat and interstitial fluid in the limbs with secondary lymphedema and fibrosis during later stages. Combined decongestive therapy (CDT) is the standard of care in most countries. Since the introduction of tumescent technique, liposuction has been used as a surgical treatment option. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of liposuction used as treatment for lipedema. METHODS: Twenty-five patients who received 72 liposuction procedures for the treatment of lipedema completed a standardized questionnaire...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#8
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728290/-advances-in-research-of-divergence-insufficiency
#9
Y P Li, W Zhang
Divergence insufficiency is acquired esotropia at distance fixation with symptomatic uncrossed diplopia but fusion at near. It can be divided into two forms: primary isolated form and secondary form associated with neurologic abnormalities, also called divergence palsy. The clinical features of divergence insufficiency include small esotropia only at distance but orthotropia or small esophoria at near, comitant deviation at lateral gaze, reduced divergence fusion, full abduction and normal saccadic velocities in abduction...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728274/-a-retrospective-study-of-10-cases-of-post-transplant-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#10
J J Chai, T Liu, B Q Cai, H D Zhu
Objective: To analyze the clinical features of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) in patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: This retrospective study included patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT from January 1998 to December 2016. The clinical features, radiological manifestations and treatment of clinically proven BOS were reviewed. Results: Of 681 patients who experienced HSCT, 10(1.47%) met the diagnostic criteria. The duration of BOS onset after transplantation was 5-48 months, averaging (18±15) months...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728214/p2x-receptor-channels-in-chronic-pain-pathways
#11
REVIEW
Louis-Philippe Bernier, Ariel R Ase, Philippe Séguéla
Chronic pain is a highly prevalent debilitating condition for which treatment options remain limited for many patients. Ionotropic ATP signaling through excitatory and calcium-permeable P2X receptor-channels is now rightfully considered as a critical player in pathological pain generation and maintenance, therefore their selective targeting represents a therapeutic opportunity with promising yet untapped potential. Recent advances in the structural, functional and pharmacological characterization of rodent and human ATP-gated P2X receptor-channels have shed brighter light on the role of specific subtypes in the pathophysiology of chronic inflammatory, neuropathic or cancer pain...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728207/-female-urethral-diverticulum-with-calculus-formation-imitating-stress-incontinence
#12
Leonidas Karapanos, Daniel Porres, David Pfister, Ilgar Akbarov, Axel Heidenreich, Vahudin Zugor
A female urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare condition with a prevalence of 0.6 - 4.7 %. Possible aetiologies include chronic infection of the periurethral glands, childbirth trauma, and iatrogenic lesions after urethral manipulation. The main symptoms are recurrent urinary tract infections, post-void dribbling and leakage of urine or purulent discharge by movement, which is caused by the emptying of the diverticular lumen (paradoxical incontinence). As this may imitate stress urinary incontinence, the final diagnosis is a challenge for urologists...
July 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728186/choroidal-neovascularization-and-geographic-atrophy-are-potential-complications-of-early-onset-large-colloid-drusen
#13
Adriano Carnevali, Giuseppe Querques
The authors report a case of large colloid drusen (LCD) complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and geographic atrophy (GA). A 54-year-old man was referred to the authors' department with diagnosis of early onset retinal drusen. Multimodal imaging led to a diagnosis of LCD complicated by GA in the right eye and CNV in the left eye. The patient received a single injection of intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea; Regeneron, Tarrytown, NY) in the left eye. Six months later, best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/25, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography still showed absence of subretinal and intraretinal fluid...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728130/superficial-plantar-cutaneous-sensation-does-not-trigger-barefoot-running-adaptations
#14
M A Thompson, K M Hoffman
It has long been proposed that the gait alterations associated with barefoot running are mediated by alterations in sensory feedback, yet there has been no data to support this claim. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the role of superficial plantar cutaneous feedback in barefoot and shod running. METHODS: 10 healthy active subjects (6 male, 4 female); mass: 65.2+9.7kg; age: 27+7.1years participated in this study. 10 over-ground running trials were completed in each of the following conditions: barefoot (BF), shod (SHOD), anesthetized barefoot (ANEST BF) and anesthetized shod (ANEST SHOD)...
June 27, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728129/a-finite-element-model-development-for-simulation-of-the-impact-of-slab-thickness-joints-and-membranes-on-indoor-radon-concentration
#15
E Muñoz, B Frutos, M Olaya, J Sánchez
The focus of this study is broadly to define the physics involved in radon generation and transport through the soil and other materials using different parameter-estimation tools from the literature. The effect of moisture in the soil and radon transport via water in the pore space was accounted for with the application of a porosity correction coefficient. A 2D finite element model is created, which reproduces the diffusion and advection mechanisms resulting from specified boundary conditions. A comparison between the model and several analytical and numerical solutions obtained from the literature and field studies validates the model...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728128/radionuclide-biokinetics-in-the-russian-sturgeon-and-phylogenetic-consistencies-with-cartilaginous-and-bony-marine-fishes
#16
Ross A Jeffree, Scott J Markich, Francois Oberhaensli, Jean-Louis Teyssie
The biokinetics of eight radionuclides ((241)Am, (109)Cd, (134)Cs, (75)Se, (54)Mn, (110m)Ag, (65)Zn, (60)Co) absorbed from the aquatic medium by juvenile Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) were experimentally determined in fresh (0.42‰) and brackish (9.0‰) waters, of a similar salinity range to the Caspian Sea, and in conjunction with chemical speciation modelling. Uptake and loss rate constants were determined for each radionuclide for a 14 day exposure at each salinity and during 28 days of exposure to radionuclide-free conditions...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728127/is-bacterial-luminescence-response-to-low-dose-radiation-associated-with-mutagenicity
#17
T V Rozhko, O A Guseynov, V E Guseynova, A A Bondar, A N Devyatlovskaya, N S Kudryasheva
Luminous marine bacteria are widely used in bioassays with luminescence intensity being a physiological parameter tested. The purpose of the study was to determine whether bacterial genetic alteration is responsible for bioluminescence kinetics change under low-dose radiation exposure. The alpha-emitting radionuclide (241)Am and beta-emitting radionuclide (3)H were used as the sources of low-dose ionizing radiation. Changes of bioluminescence kinetics of Photobacterium phosphoreum in solutions of (241)Am(NO3)3, 7 kBq/L, and tritiated water, 100 MBq/L, were studied; bioluminescence kinetics stages (absence of effect, activation, and inhibition) were determined...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728126/electrospun-cerium-based-tio2-nanofibers-for-photocatalytic-oxidation-of-elemental-mercury-in-coal-combustion-flue-gas
#18
Lulu Wang, Yongchun Zhao, Junying Zhang
Photocatalytic oxidation is an attractive method for Hg-rich flue gas treatment. In the present study, a novel cerium-based TiO2 nanofibers was prepared and selected as the catalyst to remove mercury in flue gas. Accordingly, physical/chemical properties of those nanofibers were clarified. The effects of some important parameters, such as calcination temperature, cerium dopant content and different illumination conditions on the removal of Hg(0) using the photocatalysis process were investigated. In addition, the removal mechanism of Hg(0) over cerium-based TiO2 nanofibers focused on UV irradiation was proposed...
July 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728124/thin-ferrihydrite-sediment-capping-sequestrates-phosphorus-experiencing-redox-conditions-in-a-shallow-temperate-lacustrine-wetland
#19
Yuanchun Zou, Michael R Grace, Keryn L Roberts, Xiaofei Yu
Synthesized ferrihydrite (Fh) with the dosages of 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9 cm thickness (labeled as Fh, 2Fh and 3Fh respectively, equivalent to 248-774 g/m(2)) were deployed to serve as the reactive capping layer covering the Ornamental Lake sediments, the Royal Botanic Garden of Melbourne. The sediments were exposed to an alternating regime of oxic/anoxic conditions using laboratory reactors for 45 days. Dynamics of dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, filterable reactive phosphorus (FRP), filterable ammonium (NH4(+)), nitrate and nitrite (NOx), total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and dissolved iron (Fe) of overlying water were examined...
July 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728117/alzheimer-s-disease-markers-in-the-aged-sheep-ovis-aries
#20
Suzanne J Reid, Natasha E Mckean, Kristen Henty, Erik Portelius, Kaj Blennow, Skye R Rudiger, C Simon Bawden, Renee R Handley, Paul J Verma, Richard L M Faull, Henry J Waldvogel, Henrik Zetterberg, Russell G Snell
This study reports the identification and characterization of markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in aged sheep (Ovis aries) as a preliminary step toward making a genetically modified large animal model of AD. Importantly, the sequences of key proteins involved in AD pathogenesis are highly conserved between sheep and human. The processing of the amyloid-β (Aβ) protein is conserved between sheep and human, and sheep Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratios in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are also very similar to human. In addition, total tau and neurofilament light levels in CSF are comparable with those found in human...
June 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
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