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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141313/-tocilizumab-for-refractory-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
J M Lai, F Q Wu, Z X Zhou, M Kang, X L Huang, G X Su, S N Li, J Zhu, X N Wang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and side effects of tocilizumab for the treatment of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Method: In this prospective self case-control study, the children diagnosed with refractory systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis admitted to Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2013 to June 2016 were enrolled and information before and after treatment of tocilizumab was analyzed. The tocilizumab was introvenously guttae in a dose of 8-12 mg/kg every 2 weeks...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141125/elevated-proinflammatory-markers-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-are-associated-with-psychosis-and-cognitive-deficits
#2
Ehud Mekori-Domachevsky, Michal Taler, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Michael Gurevich, Polina Sonis, Omri Weisman, Abraham Weizman, Doron Gothelf
OBJECTIVE: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder whose phenotype includes high rates of a schizophrenia-like psychotic disorder and immune system abnormalities. Thus, 22q11.2DS is an ideal model for studying the relationship between psychosis and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to identify inflammatory markers that may play a role in the pathophysiologic pathways associated with psychosis and cognitive deficits in 22q11.2DS. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals with 22q11...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140910/polygenic-profile-and-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-by-a-competitive-half-ironman
#3
Juan Del Coso, Juan J Salinero, Beatriz Lara, César Gallo-Salazar, Francisco Areces, David Herrero, Carlos Puente
Del Coso, J, Salinero, JJ, Lara, B, Gallo-Salazar, C, Areces, F, Herrero, D, and Puente, C. Polygenic profile and exercise-induced muscle damage by a competitive half-ironman. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-To date, it is still unknown why some individuals develop higher levels of muscle damage than other individuals, despite participating in exercise with comparable levels of physical intensity. The aim of this investigation was to analyze 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are candidates to explain individual variations in the level of muscle damage attained during a half-ironman competition...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140406/smad3-stat3-crosstalk-in-pathophysiological-contexts
#4
Yuka Itoh, Masao Saitoh, Keiji Miyazawa
Smad3 and STAT3 are intracellular molecules that transmit signals from plasma membrane receptors to the nucleus. Smad3 operates downstream of growth/differentiation factors that utilize activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)-4, 5, or 7, such as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), activin, and myostatin. STAT3 principally functions downstream of cytokines that exert their effects via gp130 and Janus family kinases, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and oncostatin M. Accumulating evidence indicates that Smad3 and STAT3 engage in crosstalk in a highly context-dependent fashion, cooperating in some conditions while acting antagonistically each other in others...
November 13, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140241/direct-biomarkers-of-microbial-translocation-correlate-with-immune-activation-in-adult-zambians-with-environmental-enteropathy-and-hepatosplenic-schistosomiasis
#5
Patrick Kaonga, Evans Kaimoyo, Ellen Besa, Kanekwa Zyambo, Edford Sinkala, Paul Kelly
Microbial translocation is a poorly understood consequence of several disorders such as environmental enteropathy (EE) and hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS). Herein, we compared biomarkers of microbial origin and immune activation in adults with these disorders and in healthy controls. A cross-sectional study was conducted in participants with EE recruited from Misisi compound, Lusaka, Zambia; HSS patients and healthy controls from the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka. Plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) was measured by limulus amoebocyte lysate assay, plasma 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene copy number was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Toll-like receptor ligand (TLRL) activity by QUANTI-Blue detection medium, and cytokines from cell culture supernatant by Cytometric Bead Array...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140226/childhood-inflammatory-markers-and-intelligence-as-predictors-of-subsequent-persistent-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
G M Khandaker, J Stochl, S Zammit, I Goodyer, G Lewis, P B Jones
BACKGROUND: To identify developmental sub-groups of depressive symptoms during the second decade of life, a critical period of brain development, using data from a prospective birth cohort. To test whether childhood intelligence and inflammatory markers are associated with subsequent persistent depressive symptoms. METHODS: IQ, a proxy for neurodevelopment, was measured at age 8 years. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein, typical inflammatory markers, were measured at age 9 years...
November 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138874/using-il-6-concentrations-in-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-following-trauma-to-predict-immunological-complications-and-mortality-in-trauma-patients-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zhi Qiao, Weikang Wang, Luxu Yin, Peng Luo, Johannes Greven, Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand
PURPOSE: In previous studies, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been shown to have a high predictive value for the development of complications and mortality after trauma; however, there is some uncertainty around these results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the value of early IL-6 levels (within the first 24 h after trauma) for predicting post-traumatic complications [acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, multiple organ failure (MOF), and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)] and mortality...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138849/elevated-serum-levels-of-lipoprotein%C3%A2-associated-phospholipase%C3%A2-a2-predict-mortality-rates-in-patients-with-sepsis
#8
Zhongwei Huang, Haiyan Jiang, Xiaohui Cui, Guiwen Liang, Yu Chen, Ting Wang, Zhichao Sun, Lei Qi
Sepsis remains one of the leading contributors to mortality rates in the intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency intensive care unit (EICU). Therefore, any treatments against the agents which produce sepsis in a medical emergency, are welcome. Elevated serum levels of lipoprotein‑associated phospholipase A2 (Lp‑PLA2) have been reported in a small cohort of patients with inflammation. The present study evaluated serum levels of Lp‑PLA2 in patients with sepsis and investigated the role of Lp‑PLA2 in sepsis...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138829/resveratrol-ameliorates-inflammatory-damage-and-protects-against-osteoarthritis-in-a-rat-model-of-osteoarthritis
#9
Yulong Wei, Jie Jia, Xin Jin, Wei Tong, Hongtao Tian
Resveratrol is a non‑flavonoid polyphenol compound with a stilbene structure. As a type of phytoalexin produced under stress in plants, it improves the plant's resistance against pathogens and environment deterioration, and performs important functions beneficial to human health, such as anti‑cancer, anti‑oxidation, regulating blood lipid levels and prolonging life span. The effects of resveratrol were examined in a rat model of osteoarthritis (OA) and observed to ameliorate inflammatory damage and protect against OA...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138827/gambogic-acid-inhibits-spinal-cord-injury-and-inflammation-through-suppressing-the-p38-and-akt-signaling-pathways
#10
Qiao Fu, Chaojian Li, Lehua Yu
Gamboge is the dry resin secreted by Garcinia hanburyi Hook.f, with the function of promoting blood circulation, detoxification, hemostasis and killing insects, used for the treatment of cancer, brain edema and other diseases. Gambogic acid is the main effective constituent of Gamboge. The present study investigated the protective effects of gambogic acid on spinal cord injury (SCI) and its anti‑inflammatory mechanism in an SCI model in vivo. Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) testing was used to detect the protective effects of gambogic acid on nerve function of SCI rats...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138816/protective-effects-of-fucoidan-against-hyperoxic-lung-injury-via-the-erk-signaling-pathway
#11
Minghao Nie, Yan Wang, Yanhong Lu, Ying Yuan, Yingying Liu, Xiurong Li
High oxygen mechanical ventilation is widely used to treat various lung diseases; however, it may result in hyperoxia, which induces inflammation and lung injury. Fucoidan is an extract of the seaweed Fucus vesiculosus, which has previously been reported to exert effects against diabetic nephropathy. The present study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to investigate the protective effects of fucoidan against hyperoxic lung injury. Balb/c mice were ventilated with 100% oxygen, with or without the atomization inhalation of fucoidan, for 36 h...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138810/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-angiotensin-1-7-mas-axis-prevents-pancreatic-acinar-cell-inflammatory-response-via-inhibition-of-the-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#12
Xiaozheng Yu, Lijian Cui, Fei Hou, Xiaoya Liu, Yan Wang, Yan Wen, Cheng Chi, Chunyun Li, Ruixia Liu, Chenghong Yin
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)2-angiotensin‑(Ang)-(1-7)-Mas axis in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis and the association between this axis and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/nuclear factor (NF-κB) signaling pathway in pancreatic acinar cells. Mouse pancreatic acinar cancer (MPC-83) cells were stimulated with 10 nM caerulein (CAE) to create an in vitro model of acute pancreatitis, and collected for analysis at 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h post stimulation...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138800/broadleaf-mahonia-attenuates-granulomatous-lobular-mastitis%C3%A2-associated-inflammation-by-inhibiting-ccl%C3%A2-5-expression-in-macrophages
#13
Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Xiaoyan Liu, Qi Wang, Biao Xu, Pengxi Liu, Huayu Zhu, Jianping Chen, Honglin Situ, Yi Lin
Granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) is a type of chronic mammary inflammation with unclear etiology. Currently systematic corticosteroids and methitrexate are considered as the main drugs for GLM treatment, but a high toxicity and risk of recurrence greatly limit their application. It is therefore an urgent requirement that safe and efficient natural drugs are found to improve the GLM prognosis. Broadleaf Mahonia (BM) is a traditional Chinese herb that is believed to have anti‑inflammatory properties according to ancient records of traditional Chinese medicine...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138797/activation-of-adrenergic-receptor-%C3%AE-2-promotes-tumor-progression-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Haichao Liu, Cheng Wang, Nan Xie, Zehang Zhuang, Xiqiang Liu, Jinsong Hou, Hongzhang Huang
Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is more aggressive than other cancers in the head and neck region because of its potential for metastasis. Recently, β2‑adrenergic receptor (β2‑AR) has been reported to be a potential promoter in various types of solid cancer. However, the role of β2‑AR and its effect on TSCC is not well documented. Histological staining, western blot analysis, migration and invasion assay were used. In this study, the expression of β2‑AR was increased in TSCC tissue compared with adjacent non‑cancerous epithelium...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138596/nifuratel-a-novel-stat3-inhibitor-with-potent-activity-against-human-gastric-cancer-cells
#15
Hailun Zheng, Huang Hong, Lulu Zhang, Xiong Cai, Meng Hu, Yuepiao Cai, Bin Zhou, Jiayuh Lin, Chengguang Zhao, Wanle Hu
Activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is observed in multiple cancer types, including gastric cancer, and represents a potential drug target for chemotherapy. Currently, clinically available small-molecule inhibitors targeting STAT3 are lacking. Here, we report that nifuratel, an antiprotozoal and antifungal drug, is a potent inhibitor of STAT3. We found that nifuratel significantly suppressed proliferation and induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Studies of the mechanism of action of nifuratel indicated that it acts by inhibiting the constitutive and interleukin-6-induced STAT3 activation...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138567/resveratrol-ameliorates-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-induced-depression-like-behavior-involvement-of-the-hpa-axis-inflammatory-markers-bdnf-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-rats
#16
Xin-Hua Yang, Su-Qi Song, Yun Xu
Classic antidepressant drugs are modestly effective across the population and most are associated with intolerable side effects. Recently, numerous lines of evidence suggest that resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenol, possesses beneficial therapeutic activity for depression. The aim of the present study was to explore whether RES exhibits an antidepressant-like effect in a depression model and to explore the possible mechanism. A depression model was established via chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), after which the model rats in the RES and fluoxetine groups received a daily injection of RES or fluoxetine, respectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138553/the-protective-effect-of-prmt6-overexpression-on-cigarette-smoke-extract-induced-murine-emphysema-model
#17
Xue He, Tiao Li, Naixin Kang, Huihui Zeng, Siying Ren, Dandan Zong, Jinhua Li, Shan Cai, Ping Chen, Yan Chen
Background: Cigarette smoke exposure is the most common risk factor for emphysema, which is one of the major pathologies of COPD. Protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) is a nuclear enzyme that specially catalyzes dimethylation of R2 in histone H3 (H3R2me2a). H3R2me2a prevents trimethylation of H3K4 (H3K4me3), which is located in the transcription start sites of genes in mammalian genomes. We attempted to determine the expression of PRMT6 in human samples, and investigate whether the upregulation of PRMT6 expression can attenuate the development of cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced emphysema...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138549/inflammation-and-chronic-colonization-of-haemophilus-influenzae-in-sputum-in-copd-patients-related-to-the-degree-of-emphysema-and-bronchiectasis-in-high-resolution-computed-tomography
#18
Ellen Tufvesson, Hanna Markstad, Gracijela Bozovic, Marie Ekberg, Leif Bjermer
The presence of bacteria in the lower airways in COPD results in inflammation, further airway structural damage, and might lead to repeated exacerbations. We have previously shown that chronic colonization of Haemophilus influenzae during stable disease is related to increased inflammation, and we now aimed to relate previous findings of bacterial colonization and inflammation to the degree of radiological findings of bronchiectasis and emphysema. Thirty-nine patients with COPD were included in their stable state, and a high-resolution computed tomography of the lung was performed...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138334/correction-for-cousins-et-al-human-herpesvirus-8-viral-interleukin-6-signaling-through-gp130-promotes-virus-replication-in-primary-effusion-lymphoma-and-endothelial-cells
#19
Emily Cousins, Yang Gao, Gordon Sandford, John Nicholas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138271/addressing-the-perfect-storm-biomarkers-in-obesity-and-pathophysiology-of-cardiometabolic-risk
#20
REVIEW
Krasimira Aleksandrova, Dariush Mozaffarian, Tobias Pischon
BACKGROUND: The worldwide rise of obesity has provoked intensified research to better understand its pathophysiology as a means for disease prevention. Several biomarkers that may reflect various pathophysiological pathways that link obesity and cardiometabolic diseases have been identified over the past decades. CONTENT: We summarize research evidence regarding the role of established and novel obesity-related biomarkers, focusing on recent epidemiological evidence for detrimental associations with cardiometabolic diseases including obesity-related cancer...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
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