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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625126/primers-targeting-mitochondrial-genes-of-avian-haemosporidians-pcr-detection-and-differential-dna-amplification-of-parasites-belonging-to-different-genera
#1
M Andreína Pacheco, Axl S Cepeda, Rasa Bernotienė, Ingrid A Lotta, Nubia E Matta, Gediminas Valkiūnas, Ananias A Escalante
Haemosporida is a diverse group of vector-borne parasitic protozoa, ubiquitous in terrestrial vertebrates worldwide. The renewed interest in their diversity has been driven by the extensive use of molecular methods targeting mitochondrial genes. Unfortunately, most studies target a 478 bp fragment of the cytochrome b (cytb) gene, which often cannot be used to separate lineages from different genera found in mixed infections that are common in wildlife. In this investigation, an alignment constructed with 114 mitochondrial genome sequences belonging to four genera (Leucocytozoon, Haemoproteus, Plasmodium and Hepatocystis) was used to design two different sets of primers targeting the cytb gene as well as the other two mitochondrial DNA genes: cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3...
April 3, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621285/serious-hemorrhages-after-ischemic-stroke-or-tia-incidence-mortality-and-predictors
#2
Joachim Ögren, Anna-Lotta Irewall, Lars Söderström, Thomas Mooe
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on the risk and impact of a serious hemorrhage on the prognosis after ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We aimed to estimate the incidence of serious hemorrhage, analyze the impact on mortality, and identify predictors of hemorrhage after discharge from IS or TIA. METHODS AND FINDINGS: All patients admitted to Östersund Hospital for an IS or TIA in 2010-2013 were included (n = 1528, mean age: 75.1 years). Serious hemorrhages were identified until 31st December 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603398/gastrostomy-tube-feeding-in-children-with-developmental-or-acquired-disorders-a-longitudinal-comparison-on-healthcare-provision-and-eating-outcomes-4-years-after-gastrostomy
#3
Ellen Backman, Ann-Kristin Karlsson, Lotta Sjögreen
BACKGROUND: Studies on long-term feeding and eating outcomes in children requiring gastrostomy tube feeding (GT) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe children with developmental or acquired disorders receiving GT and to compare longitudinal eating and feeding outcomes. A secondary aim was to explore healthcare provision related to eating and feeding. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records of children in 1 administrative region of Sweden with GT placement between 2005 and 2012...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584480/kinematics-and-shoulder-belt-engagement-of-children-on-belt-positioning-boosters-during-evasive-steering-maneuvers
#4
Gretchen Baker, Isabelle Stockman, Katarina Bohman, Lotta Jakobsson, Anna-Lisa Osvalder, Mats Svensson, Maria Wimmerstedt
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protection of child passengers in crashes preceded by evasive steering, understanding of how children interact with the seat belt in such situations is essential. This study aims to quantify child kinematics and describe child-to-restraint interaction during evasive steering maneuvers. METHODS: Eighteen child volunteers (aged 5-10) were seated on the rear seat of a passenger vehicle. A professional driver made repeatable sharp turns at 50 km/h...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569742/lenalidomide-as-immune-adjuvant-to-a-dendritic-cell-vaccine-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients
#5
Marzia Palma, Lotta Hansson, Tom A Mulder, Lars Adamson, Barbro Näsman-Glaser, Ingrid Eriksson, Kia Heimersson, Fariba Mozaffari, Ann Svensson, Giusy Gentilcore, Anders Österborg, Håkan Mellstedt
OBJECTIVES: We previously showed that immunization with ex-vivo generated autologous dendritic cells loaded with apoptotic tumor cells (Apo-DC) potentiated tumor-specific immunity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients. Here, we evaluated safety and immunogenicity of Apo-DC in combination with lenalidomide, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and low-dose cyclophosphamide (CTX). METHODS: Ten previously untreated patients with slowly progressing CLL received 5 Apo-DC vaccinations and lenalidomide orally for 24 weeks either alone (cohort I, n=5) or together with subcutaneous GM-CSF and intravenous CTX (cohort II, n=5)...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526371/long-term-impact-of-10-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-among-children-in-finland
#6
Hanna Rinta-Kokko, Arto A Palmu, Kari Auranen, J Pekka Nuorti, Maija Toropainen, Lotta Siira, Mikko J Virtanen, Hanna Nohynek, Jukka Jokinen
BACKGROUND: The ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced into the Finnish National Vaccination Programme (NVP) in September 2010. The impact of PCV10 vaccination against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in vaccine-eligible children has been high. We evaluated the long-term impact of PCV10 vaccination against IPD in vaccine-eligible and older, unvaccinated children six years after PCV10 introduction with a special focus on cross-protection against PCV10-related serotypes (serotypes in the same serogroups as the PCV10 types)...
March 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517802/protocol-for-digital-intervention-for-effective-health-promotion-of-small-children-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Anni Pakarinen, Magda Flemmich, Heidi Parisod, Laura Selänne, Lotta Hamari, Minna Aromaa, Ville Leppänen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jouni Smed, Sanna Salanterä
AIM: This article introduces the protocol of a study aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of digital WellWe intervention in supporting the participation of families with small children in the promotion of their health. BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a meaningful period for building a strong base for good health. Parents play a key role in affecting the health behaviour and psychosocial development of their children. A family-centred approach makes it possible to support families' individual health literacy needs and empower them to take actions towards promoting healthier behaviour...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472491/child-health-outcomes-after-presumptive-infection-treatment-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-trial
#8
Lotta Hallamaa, Yin Bun Cheung, Kenneth Maleta, Mari Luntamo, Ulla Ashorn, Melissa Gladstone, Teija Kulmala, Charles Mangani, Per Ashorn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed earlier that presumptive infection treatment in pregnancy reduced the prevalence of neonatal stunting in a rural low-income setting. In this article, we assess how these gains were sustained and reflected in childhood growth, development, and mortality. METHODS: We enrolled 1320 pregnant Malawian women in a randomized trial and treated them for malaria and other infections with either 2 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) (control), monthly SP, or monthly sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and 2 doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP)...
February 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459902/whole-brain-parcellation-with-pathology-validation-on-ventriculomegaly-patients
#9
Aaron Carass, Muhan Shao, Xiang Li, Blake E Dewey, Ari M Blitz, Snehashis Roy, Dzung L Pham, Jerry L Prince, Lotta M Ellingsen
Numerous brain disorders are associated with ventriculomegaly; normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is one example. NPH presents with dementia-like symptoms and is often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's due to its chronic nature and nonspecific presenting symptoms. However, unlike other forms of dementia NPH can be treated surgically with an over 80% success rate on appropriately selected patients. Accurate assessment of the ventricles, in particular its sub-compartments, is required to diagnose the condition. Existing segmentation algorithms fail to accurately identify the ventricles in patients with such extreme pathology...
September 2017: Patch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging: Third International Workshop, Patch-MI 2017, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2017, Quebec City, QC, Canada, September 14, 2017, Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454858/expression-of-heat-shock-protein-70-and-cell-death-kinetics-after-different-thermal-impacts-on-cultured-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cells
#10
Katharina Kern, Carla-Lotta Mertineit, Ralf Brinkmann, Yoko Miura
Recent technologies are broadening the possibility to treat the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with different thermal impacts, from sublethal to lethal ranges. Thus temperature-dependent subcellular molecular responses need to be elucidated in more detail. In this study, RPE cell viability and expression of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) were investigated after thermal irradiation with different temperature increase using an in-vitro model. Primary porcine RPE cell cultures were irradiated with different laser power of a thulium laser (λ = 1940 nm, beam-diameter 30 mm) for 10 s, such that the maximal temperatures at the center of the culture dish (Tmax ) reach 40, 44, 47, 51 or 59 °C after 10s' irradiation...
February 15, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449696/snail-regulates-bmp-and-tgf%C3%AE-pathways-to-control-the-differentiation-status-of-glioma-initiating-cells
#11
Laia Caja, Kalliopi Tzavlaki, Mahsa S Dadras, E-Jean Tan, Gad Hatem, Naga P Maturi, Anita Morén, Lotta Wik, Yukihide Watanabe, Katia Savary, Masood Kamali-Moghaddan, Lene Uhrbom, Carl-Henrik Heldin, Aristidis Moustakas
Glioblastoma multiforme is a brain malignancy characterized by high heterogeneity, invasiveness, and resistance to current therapies, attributes related to the occurrence of glioma stem cells (GSCs). Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) promotes self-renewal and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) induces differentiation of GSCs. BMP7 induces the transcription factor Snail to promote astrocytic differentiation in GSCs and suppress tumor growth in vivo. We demonstrate that Snail represses stemness in GSCs. Snail interacts with SMAD signaling mediators, generates a positive feedback loop of BMP signaling and transcriptionally represses the TGFB1 gene, decreasing TGFβ1 signaling activity...
February 16, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444931/complete-remission-with-reduction-of-high-risk-clones-following-haploidentical-nk-cell-therapy-against-mds-and-aml
#12
Andreas T Björklund, Mattias Carlsten, Ebba Sohlberg, Lisa L Liu, Trevor Clancy, Mohsen Karimi, Sarah Cooley, Jeffrey S Miller, Monika Klimkowska, Marie Schaffer, Emma Watz, Kristina I Wikstrom, Pontus Blomberg, Bjorn E Wahlin, Marzia Palma, Lotta Hansson, Per Ljungman, Eva Hellström-Lindberg, Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren, Karl-Johan Malmberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and immunobiological correlates of allogeneic NK cell-based therapy in primary chemotherapy-refractory or relapsed high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), secondary AML (MDS/AML), and de novo AML patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Sixteen patients received fludarabine/cyclophosphamide conditioning combined with total lymphoid irradiation followed by adoptive immunotherapy with IL-2-activated haploidentical NK cells. RESULTS: NK cell infusions were well tolerated with only transient adverse events observed in the 16 patients...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444651/perceived-health-and-work-environment-related-problems-and-associated-subjective-production-loss-in-an-academic-population
#13
Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Lotta Nybergh, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of health problems and work environment problems and how these are associated with subjective production loss among women and men at an academic workplace. An additional aim was to investigate whether there were differences between women and men according to age group, years at current workplace, academic rank or managerial position. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent in 2011 to all employees at a Swedish university (n = 5144)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435855/the-clinical-impact-of-molecular-breast-imaging-in-women-with-proven-invasive-breast-cancer-scheduled-for-breast-conserving-surgery
#14
Angela Collarino, Renato A Valdés Olmos, Lotta G A J van Berkel, Peter A Neijenhuis, Lidy M H Wijers, Frederik Smit, Lioe-Fee de Geus-Oei, Lenka M Pereira Arias-Bouda
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical utility of molecular breast imaging (MBI) in patients with proven invasive breast cancer scheduled for breast-conserving surgery (BCS). METHODS: Following approval by the institutional review board and written informed consent, records of patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer scheduled for BCS who had undergone MBI for local staging in the period from March 2012 till December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 287 women (aged 30-88 years) were evaluated...
February 13, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433794/clinically-variable-nemaline-myopathy-in-a-three-generation-family-caused-by-mutation-of-the-skeletal-muscle-alpha-actin-gene
#15
Vilma-Lotta Lehtokari, Maria Gardberg, Katarina Pelin, Carina Wallgren-Pettersson
We present here a Finnish nemaline myopathy family with a dominant mutation in the skeletal muscle α-actin gene, p.(Glu85Lys), segregating in three generations. The index patient, a 5-year-old boy, had the typical form of nemaline myopathy with congenital muscle weakness and motor milestones delayed but reached, while his mother never had sought medical attention for her very mild muscle weakness, and his maternal grandmother had been misdiagnosed as having myotonic dystrophy. This illustrates the clinical variability in nemaline myopathy...
December 25, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432497/autologous-t-cells-expressing-the-oncogenic-transcription-factor-klf6-sv1-prevent-apoptosis-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cells
#16
Parviz Kokhaei, Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi, Fariba Mozaffari, Ali Moshfegh, Fatemeh Pak, Ali Rashidy-Pour, Marzia Palma, Lotta Hansson, Anders Österborg, Håkan Mellstedt
Crosstalk between leukemic cells and the tumor microenvironment is of importance in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). T cells seem to sustain the survival of CLL cells by various mechanisms. The Krüppel-like family of transcription factors (KLFs) are identified as regulators of proliferation and cell death. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of the wild type (WT) gene KLF6 and the oncogenic splice variant 1 (KLF6-SV1) at the mRNA level in subsets of T cells from CLL patients (n = 29), multiple myeloma patients (n = 6) and normal donors (n = 10)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420722/craniofacial-morphology-and-growth-in-young-patients-with-congenital-or-childhood-onset-myotonic-dystrophy
#17
Clara Fontinha, Monica Engvall, Lotta Sjögreen, Stavros Kiliaridis
Background/objectives: This study investigated the craniofacial morphology of young individuals with congenital or childhood onset myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) compared to healthy subjects. The study also followed growth changes in their facial morphology over a 5-year period. Materials/methods: Lateral cephalograms of the 26 subjects (young patients with DM1 from west and south Sweden) were taken at baseline and after a 5-year period. These radiographs were compared with normal standards based on healthy individuals from the Michigan Growth Study, according to their age and sex, using paired t-tests (P < 0...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415060/precision-of-mri-based-body-composition-measurements-of-postmenopausal-women
#18
Janne West, Thobias Romu, Sofia Thorell, Hanna Lindblom, Emilia Berin, Anna-Clara Spetz Holm, Lotta Lindh Åstrand, Anette Karlsson, Magnus Borga, Mats Hammar, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
OBJECTIVES: To determine precision of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based fat and muscle quantification in a group of postmenopausal women. Furthermore, to extend the method to individual muscles relevant to upper-body exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a sub-study to a randomized control trial investigating effects of resistance training to decrease hot flushes in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six women were included, mean age 56 ± 6 years. Each subject was scanned twice with a 3...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413716/proteomic-profiling-of-epileptogenesis-in-a-rat-model-focus-on-cell-stress-extracellular-matrix-and-angiogenesis
#19
Michael Keck, Roelof Maarten van Dijk, Cornelia A Deeg, Katharina Kistler, Andreas Walker, Eva-Lotta von Rüden, Vera Russmann, Stefanie M Hauck, Heidrun Potschka
Information about epileptogenesis-associated changes in protein expression patterns is of particular interest for future selection of target and biomarker candidates. Bioinformatic analysis of proteomic data sets can increase our knowledge about molecular alterations characterizing the different phases of epilepsy development following an initial epileptogenic insult. Here, we report findings from a focused analysis of proteomic data obtained for the hippocampus and parahippocampal cortex samples collected during the early post-insult phase, latency phase, and chronic phase of a rat model of epileptogenesis...
April 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402652/fall-risk-increasing-drugs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-ii-psychotropics
#20
Lotta J Seppala, Anne M A T Wermelink, Max de Vries, Kimberley J Ploegmakers, Esther M M van de Glind, Joost G Daams, Nathalie van der Velde
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Falls are a major public health problem in older adults. Earlier studies showed that psychotropic medication use increases the risk of falls. The aim of this study is to update the current knowledge by providing a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis on psychotropic medication use and falls in older adults. METHODS AND DESIGN: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis. A search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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