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Kathrine Lynn Barnes, Casper G Bendixsen
Farmers are growing older, and fewer new agriculturists are rising to take their place. Concurrently, women and minorities are entering agriculture at an increasing rate. These rates are particularly curious viewed in light of the racialized and gendered nature of agriculture. Slavery and agriculture share strong historical roots with many male slaves performing agricultural labor. So then, why would African American women choose to engage in agriculture in any form? Participant-observation and in-depth interviews with a group of African American women urban farmers in the southeastern United States were asked this question...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
John S Buckeridge, William A Newman
Curious eroded depressions, most resembling an eye shedding an elongate tear, are found in gently sloping, intertidal, carbonate-rich arenite outcropping on the sea coast near Lakes Entrance, Victoria, SE Australia. The depressions, known locally as "Tears of the Virgin", are evidently formed by multiple generations of a barnacle, Chthamalus antennatus Darwin, 1854 in association with cyanobacteria.  While the round part of a depression offers the barnacle a modicum of protection from impacts during high tides, it is also partially inhabited by cyanobacteria, which extend into and tend to fill the elongate tear...
October 26, 2016: Integrative Zoology
Kenta Morita, Serika Miyazaki, Chiya Numako, Shinya Ikeno, Ryohei Sasaki, Yuya Nishimura, Chiaki Ogino, Akihiko Kondo
An induction of polyacrylic acid-modified titanium dioxide with hydrogen peroxide nanoparticles (PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs) to a tumor exerted a therapeutic enhancement of X-ray irradiation in our previous study. To understand the mechanism of the radiosensitizing effect of PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs, analytical observations that included DLS, FE-SEM, FT-IR, XAFS, and Raman spectrometry were performed. In addition, highly reactive oxygen species (hROS) which PAA-TiO2/H2O2 NPs produced with X-ray irradiation were quantified by using a chemiluminescence method and a EPR spin-trapping method...
October 25, 2016: Free Radical Research
A Michael, D Benedict, I Razali, S N Jasjit, A A Zainal
Meckel's diverticulitis or Meckel's associated pathology frequently presents in childhood with gastrointestinal bleeding. It is rarely seen in adults. It is a congenital abnormality that commonly goes undetected. We present a case of a perforated Meckel's diverticulum due to fishbone ingestion in an elderly gentleman. The aim of this case report is to highlight the rare presentation of a perforation in a Meckel's diverticulum due to an extrinsic pathology and to outline diagnostic and management options in cases of Meckel's diverticulum...
August 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Katarzyna Żanowska, Jarosław Kużdżał
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Sergei F Vyboishchikov
We report correlation energies, electron densities, and exchange-correlation potentials obtained from configuration interaction and density functional calculations on spherically confined He, Be, Be(2+) , and Ne atoms. The variation of the correlation energy with the confinement radius Rc is relatively small for the He, Be(2+) , and Ne systems. Curiously, the Lee-Yang-Parr (LYP) functional works well for weak confinements but fails completely for small Rc . However, in the neutral beryllium atom the CI correlation energy increases markedly with decreasing Rc ...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Chin Jian Yang, Lisa E Kursel, Anthony J Studer, Madelaine E Bartlett, Clinton J Whipple, John F Doebley
The effects of an allelic substitution at a gene often depend critically on genetic background, the genotype at other genes in the genome. During the domestication of maize from its wild ancestor (teosinte), an allelic substitution at teosinte branched (tb1) caused changes in both plant and ear architecture. The effects of tb1 on phenotype were shown to depend on multiple background loci including one called enhancer of tb1.2 (etb1.2) We mapped etb1.2 to a YABBY class transcription factor (ZmYAB2.1) and showed that the maize alleles of ZmYAB2...
October 11, 2016: Genetics
Preet Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Govind G, B A Shastry, Vasudeva Acharya, Megha Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Arvind K, Mitul J, Kuldeep K, Uma K, Biswas N
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ankush Kawali, Ringhoo Theresa Jose, Aishwarya, Mathew Kurian, Kushal Kacha, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Rohit Shetty
BACKGROUND: Psycho-immunology is an emerging branch of science which studies the interaction between the brain and the immune system. The purpose of this study is to identify the types of personality factors in patients with non-infectious uveitis and to find its association with a particular uveitic entity if any. This is a prospective, observational, case-control study of 186 patients with non-infectious uveitis (group A) and controls from general ophthalmology outpatient department (group B)...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Deborah I Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Tess Lea, Paul Torzillo
This article explores why it is so difficult to provide and sustain decent public housing in Indigenous communities, highlighting the curious role that data reporting and analysis plays in perpetuating this state of affairs. Drawing on data amassed by the Housing for Health (HFH) program that has focused on "health hardware" functionality in almost 9,000 houses in over 215 communities across Australia, we note inroads made to the language of policy (through, for example, the development of a National Indigenous Housing Guide)...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Ciel Harris, Robert Ali, Julio Perez-Downes, Firas Baidoun, Marianne DeLima, Jaimin Shah, Win Aung, Raafat F Makary
Eosinophilic polymyositis (EPM) is part of a rare disorder, eosinophilic myopathies (EM), which is a form of polymyositis characterized by the presence of eosinophils in muscle biopsy sections and occasionally blood eosinophilia. Herein, we are presenting an interesting case of eosinophilic polymyositis presenting with muscle pain with no other organ systems involved.
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Caitlin E Mullarkey, Mark J Bailey, Diana A Golubeva, Gene S Tan, Raffael Nachbagauer, Wenqian He, Kyle E Novakowski, Dawn M Bowdish, Matthew S Miller, Peter Palese
: Broadly neutralizing antibodies that recognize the conserved hemagglutinin (HA) stalk have emerged as exciting new biotherapeutic tools to combat seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses. Our general understanding of the mechanisms by which stalk-specific antibodies achieve protection is rapidly evolving. It has recently been demonstrated that broadly neutralizing HA stalk-specific IgG antibodies require Fc-Fcγ receptor (FcγR) interactions for optimal protection in vivo Here we examine the neutrophil effector functions induced by stalk-specific antibodies...
October 4, 2016: MBio
Simon Guerrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
Dušica Radoš, David L Turner, Teresa Catarino, Eugenia Hoffart, Ana Rute Neves, Bernhard J Eikmanns, Bastian Blombach, Helena Santos
The stereochemistry of 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) synthesis in microbial fermentations is important for many applications. In this work, we showed that Corynebacterium glutamicum endowed with the Lactococcus lactis genes encoding α-acetolactate synthase and decarboxylase activities produced meso-2,3-BD as the major end product, meaning that (R)-acetoin is a substrate for endogenous 2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase (BDH) activity. This is curious in view of the reported absolute stereospecificity of C. glutamicum BDH for (S)-acetoin (Takusagawa et al...
September 29, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
R Schubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Acta Physiologica
Burton Norman Seitler
What do you say to a child who rarely speaks? How do you work with such a youngster? What are the sine qua nons or guiding principles upon which analysts can draw? And, how do we know if we are being helpful? Sam was 9-years when I began treating him. He was extremely withdrawn and rarely spoke more than a few words. Instead, he mainly played chess. I did not know at first whether Sam's taciturn demeanor was due to shyness, limited verbal abilities, or the stultifying effects of trauma. Fortuitously, during one of many seemingly "innocent" games of chess, Sam happened to make a bold move, to which I admiringly remarked, "What a move, you're killing me...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Debajyoti Chatterjee, Kirti Gupta, Navneet Singla, Ankur Kapoor
While giant cell tumor is commonly a tumor of long bones, involvement of sphenoid bone is very rare. Clinically and radiologically, it mimics other neoplasms of this site. Endochondral ossification of this bone during development explains its curious preferential involvement in comparison to the rest of the skull bones. We describe an example of such a tumor arising in the sphenoid bone in a young woman and discuss the differential diagnosis. Recognizing its characteristic features is important for correct interpretation...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Neuropathology
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