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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087958/the-teaching-of-trauma-management-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
S K Lum, T Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The teaching of trauma in medical schools faces many educational and logistic challenges. Issues on what to teach, how to teach, when to teach, who will teach and whether medical students with insufficient exposure to clinical medicine can benefit from a trauma course are unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A well-designed one day intensive trauma course concentrating on the primary survey was taught to semester seven and semester eight students by a multi-disciplinary team comprising of surgeons, anaesthetists, emergency physicians and trained medical officers...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#2
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086900/the-role-of-birthplace-and-educational-attainment-on-induced-abortion-inequalities
#3
Yolanda González-Rábago, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Luisa N Borrell, Unai Martín
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion (IA) has shown social inequality related to birthplace and education with higher rates of IAs in immigrant and in less educated women relative to their native and highly educated counterparts. This study examined the independent and joint effects of birthplace and education on IA, repeated and IA performed during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy among women residing in the Basque Country, Spain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study of IA among women aged 25-49 years residing in the Basque Country, Spain, between 2011 and 2013...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079728/surveying-resident-and-faculty-physician-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-in-response-to-public-lead-contamination
#4
D Kay Taylor, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Nicolas Lecea, Ranine Ghamrawi, Ghassan Bachuwa, Jenny LaChance, Mona Hanna-Attisha
Environmental health crises can appear anywhere and without warning. After research revealed a significant incidence of elevated pediatric blood lead levels following a water source change, Genesee County declared a public health emergency in Flint, Michigan. Hospital patients and family members began approaching Hurley Medical Center's physicians with questions regarding the health implications of the lead contamination. Many of the physicians voiced concerns about responding appropriately to patient needs and increasing demands for information...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#5
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#6
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077927/utility-of-self-competency-ratings-during-residency-training-in-family-medicine-education-emerging-countries-findings-from-japan
#7
Michael D Fetters, Satoko Motohara, Lauren Ivey, Keiichiro Narumoto, Kiyoshi Sano, Masahiko Terada, Tsukasa Tsuda, Machiko Inoue
BACKGROUND: Family medicine education-emerging countries face challenges in demonstrating a new program's ability to train residents in womb-to-tomb care and resident ability to provide such care competently. We illustrate the experience of a new Japanese family medicine program with resident self-competency assessments. METHODS: In this longitudinal cross-sectional study, residents completed self-competency assessment surveys online during 2011-2015. Each year of training, residents self-ranked their competence using a 100-point visual analog scale for 142 conditions: acute (30 conditions), chronic (28 conditions) women's health (eight conditions), and geriatrics/home (12 conditions) care; procedures (38 types); health promotion (21 conditions)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077739/the-emergence-of-undergraduate-majors-in-global-health-systematic-review-of-programs-and-recommendations-for-future-directions
#8
Paul K Drain, Charles Mock, David Toole, Anne Rosenwald, Megan Jehn, Thomas Csordas, Laura Ferguson, Caryl Waggett, Chinekwu Obidoa, Judith N Wasserheit
Global health education has been expanding rapidly and several universities have created an undergraduate major degree (bachelor's degree) in global heath or global health studies. Because there are currently no national guidelines for undergraduate degrees in global health, each of these programs was developed along individual lines. To guide the development of future global health majors, we conducted a systematic review of undergraduate majors in global health. We identified eight programs and invited program directors or representatives to a symposium at the Consortium of Universities for Global Health 2016 conference to review their existing undergraduate major in global health and to discuss lessons learned and recommendations for other colleges and universities seeking to develop undergraduate degrees in global health...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077119/physical-activity-levels-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-in-bangladeshi-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mohammad Moniruzzaman, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Mostafa Zaman
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity (PA) has become an important public health problem even in low-income countries. The objectives of this study were to measure PA levels, determine the prevalence of low PA and identify socio-demographic factors associated with it in Bangladeshi adults. METHODS: Data from 792 (urban, 395; rural, 397) Bangladeshi adults (25-64 years) were included in this population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2011. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ-2) was used to measure PA...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076689/national-organization-of-nurse-practitioner-faculties
#10
Dawn M Vanderhoef, Kathleen R Delaney
BACKGROUND: No data exist about how directors of psychiatric mental health (PMH) graduate nurse practitioner (NP) programs have dealt with moving their programs to a lifespan model. It is equally unclear as to how many programs have changed to a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) level of clinical education. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this survey was to gather data on the state of graduate PMH NP education as they align with regulatory models. DESIGN: A brief survey was sent via e-mail to 118 program directors of PMH NP programs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#11
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074495/comparison-of-medicaid-payments-relative-to-medicare-using-inpatient-acute-care-claims-from-the-medicaid-program-fiscal-year-2010-fiscal-year-2011
#12
Devin A Stone, Bridget A Dickensheets, John A Poisal
OBJECTIVE: To compare Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) inpatient hospital payments to expected Medicare payments. DATA SOURCES: Medicaid and Medicare claims data, Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and inpatient prospective payment system pricer (IPPS pricer). STUDY DESIGN: Medicaid FFS inpatient hospital claims were run through Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and IPPS pricer to compare Medicaid's actual payment against what Medicare would have paid for the same claim...
January 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072897/building-on-success
#13
Amy Lynn Sorrel
Undaunted by what could be a challenging 2017 Texas legislative session, TMA is poised to build on significant successes medicine achieved over the past two legislative sessions, including reforming the state's Medicaid program and expanding graduate medical education opportunities. TMA will defend the patient-physician relationship against a backdrop of some potentially big shifts for Texas, such as a major review of the state's health professions licensing boards.
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072677/the-current-status-of-nursing-professionalism-among-nursing-faculty-in-japan
#14
Michiko Tanaka, Kikuko Taketomi, Yoshikazu Yonemitsu, Rieko Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: The faculty of nursing schools plays an important role in the successful execution of nursing education. Therefore, faculty behavior strongly affects the professional development of nurses. However, few studies have examined professional nursing behaviors from the perspective of nursing faculty. PURPOSE: Members of nursing faculty in Japan were surveyed regarding their perspectives on behaviors related to professionalism. METHODS: The model, Miller's Wheel of Professionalism in Nursing, was used as the theoretical framework...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#15
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067744/resident-education-in-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery
#16
Katie Propst, Adam C Steinberg, David M O'Sullivan, Megan O Schimpf, Christine LaSala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether obstetrics and gynecology trainees feel satisfied with the female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) education received in residency. METHODS: This is a survey study of obstetrics and gynecology residents in the United States and Puerto Rico during the 2015-2016 academic year. The anonymous 29-question survey was approved by the Hartford HealthCare institutional review board. Responses were included only if the trainee had ever rotated on the FPMRS service...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064514/statistics-myth-busters
#17
Simon W Lam, Seth R Bauer, Wei Yang, Todd A Miano
Proficiency in research design and statistical analysis is crucial to the success of a clinical pharmacist. However, new pharmacy graduates and residents may not have received adequate training and education in these areas. During the authors' tenure as clinical pharmacists, several statistical "myths" were consistently maintained by residents and new clinical practitioners. The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss and dispel several of these statistical fallacies. The myths discussed involve 3 common areas of consideration when evaluating any clinical study: assessing the risk of bias from confounding (propensity score analysis and multivariable modeling), interpretation of the main study findings ( P values and hypothesis testing), and secondary evaluations (subgroup analyses)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064391/survey-of-family-history-taking-and-genetic-testing-in-pediatric-practice
#18
Robert A Saul, Tracy Trotter, Kerry Sease, Beth Tarini
Family health history collection and genetic testing are core elements for the successful translation of genomics into primary care practice. Yet, little is known about how pediatric providers implement these elements in practice. We surveyed the membership of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding family health history (FHH) collection and genetic testing in the primary care setting. Three hundred forty-nine (349) responses were analyzed with the initial response rate of 43.3%. Four principal findings were noted-(1) family health history is still recognized as a critical part of the medical evaluation; (2) perceived obstacles for FHH are time in obtaining the FHH and concerns about the family's knowledge of their FHH; (3) a 3-generation family history is out of the scope of routine care and alternate methods should be considered; (4) most primary care providers (PCPs) do not feel comfortable ordering, interpreting, and counseling regarding current genetic testing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061902/disposal-practices-of-unused-and-expired-pharmaceuticals-among-general-public-in-kabul
#19
Mohammadk Bashaar, Vijay Thawani, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
BACKGROUND: Most of the medicine users remain unaware about the disposal of unused or expired medicines. The aim of this study was to know the disposal practices of unused and expired medicines among the general public in Kabul. METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey, conducted through face-to-face interviews using prevalidated structured questionnaire. Returned questionnaires were double-checked for accuracy. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23 was used for statistical analysis...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#20
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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