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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792458/the-trade-offs-of-teamwork-among-stem-doctoral-graduates
#1
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Teamwork has increasingly become prevalent in professional fields such as academic science, perhaps partly because research shows that teams tend to produce superior work. Although research on teamwork has typically focused on its impact on work products, we complement that work by examining the degree to which teamwork influences salary, hours worked, and overall job satisfaction. Drawing on microdata collected through the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients as well as the Survey of Earned Doctorates, we find that doctoral degree holders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields tend to earn substantially higher salaries and work more hours when they engage in teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791745/nursing-as-a-pathway-to-women-s-empowerment-and-inter-generational-mobility
#2
Sharon Brownie, Abdul Haq Wahedna, Nigel Crisp
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of nursing education on the intergenerational mobility of graduates of nursing upskilling programs. BACKGROUND: Challenges for low and middle-income countries include poverty and limited access to health, education, and social services compounded by workforce shortages, inequality, and female disempowerment. Little is known about the impact of nursing education on women's empowerment and intergenerational mobility in such settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791665/serial-album-validation-for-promotion-of-infant-body-weight-control
#3
Nathalia Costa Gonzaga Saraiva, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Thelma Leite de Araujo
OBJECTIVE: to validate the content and appearance of a serial album for children aged from 7 to 10 years addressing the topic of prevention and control of body weight. METHOD: methodological study with descriptive nature. The validation process was attended by 33 specialists in educational technologies and/or in excess of infantile weight. The agreement index of 80% was the minimum considered to guarantee the validation of the material. RESULTS: most of the specialists had a doctoral degree and a graduate degree in nursing...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790412/career-and-technical-education-inclusion-and-postsecondary-outcomes-for-students-with-learning-disabilities
#4
Roddy J Theobald, Dan D Goldhaber, Trevor M Gratz, Kristian L Holden
We used longitudinal data from Washington State to investigate the relationships among career and technical education (CTE) enrollment, inclusion in general education, and high school and postsecondary outcomes for students with learning disabilities. We replicated earlier findings that students with learning disabilities who were enrolled in a "concentration" of CTE courses had higher rates of employment after graduation than observably similar students with learning disabilities who were enrolled in fewer CTE courses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790101/medical-student-exposure-to-integrated-behavioral-health
#5
Rebekah J Choi, Renée M Betancourt, Mario P DeMarco, Kent D W Bream
OBJECTIVE: Integrated behavioral health (IBH) allows for effective care delivery for patients with mental health and behavioral health disorders in primary care settings. This study assesses the state of exposure current medical students have to the IBH model in family medicine clerkships, in order to augment the readiness of students to participate in IBH as developing professionals. METHODS: Clerkship directors at US and Canadian medical schools with a required family medicine run course (n = 141) were asked to estimate the percentage of students exposed to IBH in their clerkships, as part of the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2016 survey...
May 22, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786028/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-academic-support-program-for-medical-graduates-during-rural-hospital-service-in-india
#6
Rashmi Vyas, Anand Zachariah, Isobel Swamidasan, Priya Doris, Ilene Harris
Background: Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India, a tertiary care hospital, designed a year-long Fellowship in Secondary Hospital Medicine (FSHM) for CMC graduates, with the aim to support them during rural service and be motivated to consider practicing in these hospitals. The FSHM was a blend of 15 paper-based distance learning modules, 3 contact sessions, community project work, and networking. This paper reports on the evaluation of the FSHM program. Methods: The curriculum development process for the FSHM reflected the six-step approach including problem identification, needs assessment, formulating objectives, selecting educational strategies, implementation, and evaluation...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#7
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782601/patient-centered-medical-home-status-and-preparedness-to-assess-resident-milestones-a-cera-study
#8
Thad Wilkins, Wonsuk Yoo, Ralph A Gillies, Julie Dahl-Smith, Jacqueline Dubose, Joseph Hobbs, Selina Smith, Dean A Seehusen
Purpose: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model has been proposed as the ideal model for delivering primary care and is focused on improving patient safety and quality, reducing costs, and enhancing patient satisfaction. The mandated Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education educational milestones for evaluation of resident competency represent the skills graduates will utilize after graduation. Many of these skills are reflected in the PCMH model. We sought to determine if residency programs whose main family medicine (FM) practice sites have achieved PCMH recognition are therefore more prepared to evaluate milestones...
May 2018: PRiMER: peer-review reports in medical education research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782508/parent-and-caregiver-perceptions-about-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-foreign-and-domestic-vaccines-in-shanghai-china
#9
Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Abram L Wagner, Jia Ren, Matthew L Boulton, Lisa A Prosser, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Chinese parents have access to domestic and foreign vaccines for their children. Their vaccine preferences are unclear, especially given recent pharmaceutical quality scandals and widely held beliefs deriving from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This study characterized parental beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of Chinese and foreign vaccines. METHODS: In May 2014, caregivers of young children at public immunization clinics in Shanghai, China, responded to a survey on vaccine perceptions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#10
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781698/a-middle-range-model-for-improving-quality-of-nursing-education-in-malawi
#11
Thokozani M Bvumbwe, Ntombifikile G Mtshali
BACKGROUND:  Despite a global consensus that nurses and midwives constitute the majority and are a backbone of any country's health workforce system, productive capacity of training institutions remains low and still needs more guidance. This study aimed at developing a middle-range model to guide efforts in nursing education improvements. OBJECTIVE:  To explore challenges facing nursing education in Malawi and to describe efforts that are being put in place to improve nursing education and the process of development of a model to improve nursing education in Malawi...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781057/cardiovascular-disease-prevention-training-opportunities-the-challenges-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Anum Saeed, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Salim S Virani, Peter H Jones, Christie M Ballantyne, Vijay Nambi
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating major efforts in prevention. This review summarizes the currently available training opportunities in CVD prevention for fellows-in-training (FITs) and residents. We also highlight the challenges and future directions for CVD prevention as a field and propose a structure for an inclusive CVD prevention training program. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there is a lack of centralized training resources for FITs and residents interested in pursuing a career in CVD prevention...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780058/determinants-of-high-school-dropout-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-deprived-area-of-japan
#13
Takahiro Tabuchi, Sho Fujihara, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Our objective in this study was to find determinants of high-school dropout in a deprived area of Japan using longitudinal data, including socio-demographic and junior high school-period information. METHODS: We followed 695 students who graduated the junior high school located in a deprived area of Japan between 2002 and 2010 for 3 years after graduation (614 students: follow-up rate, 88.3%). Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to calculate the prevalence ratios (PRs) for high-school dropout, using multiple imputation (MI) to account for non-response at follow-up...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776663/barriers-and-facilitators-to-diabetes-self-management-in-a-primary-care-setting-patient-perspectives
#14
Rahul Khairnar, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient reported barriers and facilitators to self-management of T2DM in a primary care setting. METHODS: This cross sectional study combined patient survey data with electronic medical record (EMR) data...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775171/competency-standards-for-newly-graduated-prosthetist-orthotists-in-sweden
#15
Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Simon Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: There are currently no national competency standards upon which to develop educational objectives for prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. While standards have been developed in other countries, they cannot be applied without confirming their relevance in a Swedish context. OBJECTIVES: To describe and obtain consensus on core competencies required for newly graduated prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Modified Delphi process...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771748/personal-growth-attributed-by-nursing-students-to-a-diversity-class
#16
Ishan C Williams, Walter P Anderson, Sandra I Lopez-Baez
Although many nursing programs provide diversity training to enhance the understanding of cultural influences on health care, little is known about outcomes. This is due in part to a lack of consensus regarding definitions and measures. The purpose of this study was to examine a set of self-perceptions defined as personal growth, attributed by graduate nursing students (N = 41) to an eight-week diversity course. Participants reported modest levels of personal growth. Educators can adapt the instrument and method of this study to measure student attributions of growth to any aspect of nursing education...
May 16, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771740/closing-the-referral-loop-improving-ambulatory-referral-management-electronic-health-record-connectivity-and-care-coordination-processes
#17
Stephen L Davidow, Jignesh Sheth, Constance S Sixta, Linda Thomas-Hemak
More than 105 million referrals of Medicare beneficiaries to specialists occur annually. Different settings and electronic health records have made care coordination complex. PCPI (formerly American Medical Association-convened Physicians Consortium for Performance Improvement) and The Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education sponsored the Closing the Referral Loop pilot project. Twelve dyads of primary care and specialist physicians sought to improve ambulatory referrals by mapping the referral process, and using care compacts, metrics, and electronic health records...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771695/scheduling-the-nonoperating-room-anesthesia-suite
#18
Mary E Warner, David P Martin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) and procedural services often are associated with dispersed geographic settings and small volumes of cases. These lead to scheduling challenges that, if not managed well, result in decreased patient and healthcare team satisfaction and reduced efficiency. This review describes recent studies and provides examples on how NORA scheduling issues have been addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: Increased use of blocked time for consolidated NORA services can lead to sufficiently large volumes of cases that allow improved scheduling and maintain patient and healthcare team satisfaction and better efficiency of care...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771691/the-relationship-between-the-learning-and-patient-safety-climates-of-clinical-departments-and-residents-patient-safety-behaviors
#19
Milou E W M Silkens, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cordula Wagner, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Improving residents' patient safety behavior should be a priority in graduate medical education to ensure the safety of current and future patients. Supportive learning and patient safety climates may foster this behavior. This study examined the extent to which residents' self-reported patient safety behavior can be explained by the learning climate and patient safety climate of their clinical departments. METHOD: The authors collected learning climate data from clinical departments in the Netherlands that used the web-based Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test between September 2015 and October 2016...
May 15, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#20
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
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