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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#1
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936545/open-tracheostomy-training-a-nationwide-survey-among-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents
#2
Limor Muallem-Kalmovich, Jacob Pitaro, Ayman Asaly, Alex Kessler, Ephraim Eviatar, Moran Shteiner, Tal Marom
The aim of this study was to examine the training methods and needs of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTO-HNS) residents to independently perform open tracheostomy (OT). An anonymous 26-items questionnaire pertaining to OT teaching aspects was distributed to all 93 Israeli OTO-HNS residents during March-June 2016. Residents were categorized as 'juniors,' if they were in their post-graduate year (PGY)-1 and PGY-2; 'mid-residency' (PGY-3 and PGY-4); or 'seniors' (PGY-5 and PGY-6). Response rate was 74% (n = 69)...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936106/long-term-psychological-health-among-individuals-pursuing-emerging-adulthood-type-pathways-in-the-1950s-and-1960s
#3
Alan Reifman, Timothy Oblad, Sylvia Niehuis
We analyzed data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (N = 6390) to investigate how common an emerging adulthood-type lifestyle (e.g., delayed marriage and childbearing, pursuit of higher education) was in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and what the long-term psychological-health correlates were of such a lifestyle. Cluster analyses of marital, childbearing, educational, and occupational variables from 1957 (high school graduation) to 1964 generated six clusters that we labeled: fast-starters (early marriage and childbearing, little education beyond high school, virtually all employed), very-educated/partnered (mean educational attainment well into graduate school and among the earliest to get married), moderately educated/family oriented (mean years of education somewhat shy of a bachelor's degree, early marriage and childbearing), educated singles (late marriage and childbearing, if at all, averaging a bachelor's degree; most prototypical of emerging adulthood), work/military first (little education past high school, late marriage and childbearing), and military/professional aspiration (envisioning career requiring college education and pursuing one)...
June 2017: Journal of Adult Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934639/changes-in-nursing-students-expectations-of-nursing-clinical-faculties-competences-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#4
Robert Lovrić, Nada Prlić, Dragana Milutinović, Igor Marjanac, Boštjan Žvanut
BACKGROUND: Changes in nursing students' expectations of their clinical nursing faculty competences over the course of time are an insufficiently researched phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To explore what competences BSc nursing students expect from their clinical faculties during their clinical training, and whether their expectations changed during their three-year studies. Furthermore, to survey factors which influenced their expectations and whether the fulfilment levels of their expectations influenced their feelings, learning, and behaviour...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930764/when-listening-is-better-than-reading-performance-gains-on-cardiac-auscultation-test-questions
#5
Kathleen Short, S Deniz Bucak, Francine Rosenthal, Mark R Raymond
PURPOSE: In 2007, the United States Medical Licensing Examination embedded multimedia simulations of heart sounds into multiple-choice questions. This study investigated changes in item difficulty as determined by examinee performance over time. The data reflect outcomes obtained following initial use of multimedia items from 2007 through 2012, after which an interface change occurred. METHOD: A total of 233,157 examinees responded to 1,306 cardiology test items over the six-year period; 138 items included multimedia simulations of heart sounds, while 1,168 text-based items without multimedia served as controls...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930762/competency-based-medical-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-academic-internal-medicine-undergraduate-medical-education-task-force
#6
Sara B Fazio, Cynthia H Ledford, Paul B Aronowitz, Shobhina G Chheda, John H Choe, Stephanie A Call, Scott D Gitlin, Marty Muntz, L James Nixon, Anne G Pereira, John W Ragsdale, Emily A Stewart, Karen E Hauer
As medical educators continue to redefine learning and assessment across the continuum, implementation of competency-based medical education in the undergraduate setting has become a focus of many medical schools. While standards of competency have been defined for the graduating student, there is no uniform approach for defining competency expectations for students during their core clerkship year. The authors describe the process by which an Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine task force developed a paradigm for competency-based assessment of students during their inpatient internal medicine (IM) clerkship...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930761/factors-associated-with-medical-school-graduates-intention-to-work-with-underserved-populations-policy-implications-for-advancing-workforce-diversity
#7
Andrea N Garcia, Tony Kuo, Lisa Arangua, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
PURPOSE: Given projected U.S. physician shortages across all specialties that will likely impact underserved areas disproportionately, the authors sought to explore factors most correlated with medical school graduates' intention to work with underserved populations (IWUP). METHOD: Data from the 2010-2012 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Graduation Questionnaire (n = 40,846) were analyzed. Variables (demographics, career preference, debt burden, intention to enter loan forgiveness programs) were examined using chi-square tests and logistic regression models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#8
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930369/intake-of-folic-acid-by-polish-women-with-higher-education-a-survey-research-can-we-do-more
#9
Malwina Pietrzykowska-Kuncman, Dorota Zasina-Olaszek, Kuncman Łukasz, Marta Niedźwiecka, Krzysztof Szaflik, Iwona Maroszyńska
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine efficacy of the Primary Prevention Program of Neural Tube Defects in Polish women with higher education in 5-year interval. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Survey research was conducted twice (in 2008 and 2013) in 630 female students of universities: 305 female medical students and 325 female non-medical students. The survey was also done among women aged 27- 35 who graduated from medical or non-medical universities and have at least one child...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929723/-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-among-immigrant-women-resident-in-italy
#10
Lisa Francovich, Anteo Di Napoli, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Barbara Giordani, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to compare Pap test and mammography uptake in 2005 and 2013 between Italian and immigrant women residing in Italy and to evaluate factors associated with probability of being up-to-date with screening testing in immigrant women. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on data of "Multipurpose survey on health and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the analysis includes the interviews of women included in the target age group for Pap test (25-64 years: No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928765/emerging-challenges-and-opportunities-for-education-and-research-in-weed-science
#11
REVIEW
Bhagirath S Chauhan, Amar Matloob, Gulshan Mahajan, Farhena Aslam, Singarayer K Florentine, Prashant Jha
In modern agriculture, with more emphasis on high input systems, weed problems are likely to increase and become more complex. With heightened awareness of adverse effects of herbicide residues on human health and environment and the evolution of herbicide-resistant weed biotypes, a significant focus within weed science has now shifted to the development of eco-friendly technologies with reduced reliance on herbicides. Further, with the large-scale adoption of herbicide-resistant crops, and uncertain climatic optima under climate change, the problems for weed science have become multi-faceted...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927229/creation-and-evaluation-of-a-laboratory-administration-curriculum-for-pathology-residents
#12
Jeannette Guarner, Charles E Hill, Timothy Amukele
Objectives: A clinical laboratory management (CLM) curriculum that can objectively assess the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pathology systems-based practice milestones and can provide consistent resident training across institutions is needed. Methods: Faculty at Emory University created a curriculum that consists of assay verification exercises and interactive, case-based online modules. Beta testing was done at Emory University and Johns Hopkins...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925955/investing-in-the-early-childhood-mental-health-workforce-development-enhancing-professionals-competencies-to-support-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-young-children
#13
Shulamit N Ritblatt, Audrey Hokoda, Charles Van Liew
This paper delineates a preventive approach to early childhood mental health by preparing the workforce to provide relational, sensitive care to young children ages 0-5. One of the most prevalent issues in early childhood is behavioral challenges and the inability of young children to regulate themselves. This leads to an expulsion rate in early childhood (3-4 times higher than K-12 expulsion rate) and future mental health issues. The Early Childhood Social-Emotional and Behavior Regulation Intervention Specialist (EC-SEBRIS) graduate level certificate program was created to strengthen early care and education providers with the knowledge and practice of how to support emotion and behavior regulation in young children in their groups...
September 19, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923820/family-medicine-in-ethiopia-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#14
Ann Evensen, Dawit Wondimagegn, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Katherine Rouleau, Cynthia Haq, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Praseedha Janakiram, Elizabeth Kvach, Heidi Busse, James Conniff, Brian Cornelson
BACKGROUND: Building the capacity of local health systems to provide high-quality, self-sustaining medical education and health care is the central purpose for many global health partnerships (GHPs). Since 2001, our global partner consortium collaborated to establish Family Medicine in Ethiopia; the first Ethiopian family physicians graduated in February 2016. METHODS: The authors, representing the primary Ethiopian, Canadian, and American partners in the GHP, identified obstacles, accomplishments, opportunities, errors, and observations from the years preceding residency launch and the first 3 years of the residency...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923807/the-american-board-of-family-medicine-new-tools-to-assist-program-directors-and-graduates-achieve-success
#15
Stanley M Kozakowski, Perry A Pugno
In this commentary we review the improvements in the pass rates for first-time American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Certification Examination test takers in the context of new tools and resources for program directors against the backdrop of a changing accreditation system and increased competition for a relatively fixed number of graduate medical education positions in family medicine. While causality cannot be established between the strategic initiatives of the ABFM and higher pass rates, we can all celebrate the new tools and resources provided to residents and program directors, and the improved performance of family medicine graduates on the certification examination...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923370/nursing-students-perceptions-of-preparation-to-engage-in-patient-education
#16
Elizabeth Richard, Teresa Evans, Bev Williams
Patient teaching is a key component of graduate nursing practice. Nurses sometimes believe that their undergraduate teaching does not prepare them to engage in effective patient teaching. In addition, nursing students often do not use teaching resources when engaging in patient teaching. The aim of this focused ethnographic study was to determine if students in a CBL/PBL based learning undergraduate nursing program engage in patient teaching when they are in the clinical area. Focus groups and shorter individual interviews were used to ensure in-depth data collection...
September 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923042/the-potential-of-a-self-assessment-tool-to-identify-healthcare-professionals-strengths-and-areas-in-need-of-professional-development-to-aid-effective-facilitation-of-group-based-person-centered-diabetes-education
#17
Vibeke Stenov, Gitte Wind, Timothy Skinner, Susanne Reventlow, Nana Folmann Hempler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals' person-centered communication skills are pivotal for successful group-based diabetes education. However, healthcare professionals are often insufficiently equipped to facilitate person-centeredness and many have never received post-graduate training. Currently, assessing professionals' skills in conducting group-based, person-centered diabetes education primarily focus on experts measuring and coding skills on various scales. However, learner-centered approaches such as adequate self-reflective tools have been shown to emphasize professional autonomy and promote engagement...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922842/on-faculty-development-of-stem-inclusive-teaching-practices
#18
Bryan M Dewsbury
Faculty development of inclusive teaching practices has become more common in response to significant differences in STEM student retention between underrepresented minorities in the USA and students from other ethnic groups. Approaches to solve this have shifted from focusing on student deficits to changing campus culture, including the mindsets of instructors who teach STEM courses. In this article, I argue that based on the literature informing the conceptual frameworks used for faculty development in inclusive teaching, faculty developers should reframe the message of their workshops to focus participants more on the scope of the journey, and shift the direction of overall efforts some to redevelop pedagogical training at the graduate and postdoc levels...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922270/decision-making-in-pediatric-transport-team-dispatch-using-script-concordance-testing
#19
Prakadeshwari Rajapreyar, Karen Marcdante, Liyun Zhang, Pippa Simpson, Michael T Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare decision-making in dispatching pediatric transport teams by Medical Directors of pediatric transport teams (serving as experts) to that of Pediatric Intensivists and Critical Care fellows who often serve as Medical Control physicians. Understanding decision-making around team composition and dispatch could impact clinical management, cost effectiveness, and educational needs. DESIGN: Survey was developed using Script Concordance Testing guidelines...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922234/consensus-statement-by-the-congenital-cardiac-anesthesia-society-milestones-for-the-pediatric-cardiac-anesthesia-fellowship
#20
Viviane G Nasr, Nina A Guzzetta, Wanda C Miller-Hance, Mark Twite, Gregory J Latham, Luis Zabala, Susan C Nicolson, Emad B Mossad, James A DiNardo
Pediatric cardiac anesthesiology has evolved as a subspecialty of both pediatric and cardiac anesthesiology and is devoted to caring for individuals with congenital heart disease ranging in age from neonates to adults. Training in pediatric cardiac anesthesia is a second-year fellowship with variability in both training duration and content and is not accredited by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education. Consequently, in this article and based on the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education Milestones Model, an expert panel of the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society, a section of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesiology, defines 18 milestones as competency-based developmental outcomes for training in the pediatric cardiac anesthesia fellowship...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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