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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334994/rural-retention-of-new-medical-graduates-from-the-collaborative-project-to-increase-production-of-rural-doctors-cpird-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#1
Win Techakehakij, Rajin Arora
Physician scarcity in rural areas is a major obstacle to healthcare access, leading to health inequity worldwide. In Thailand, a special recruitment program of medical education [Collaborative Project to Increase Production of Rural Doctors (CPIRD)] was initiated with four different medical training tracks. No previous research has examined the rural retention of new medical graduates across the CPIRD tracks, compared with those receiving conventional medical education (Normal track). This study examines the public retention of rural physicians from different tracks of entry...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333607/understanding-faculty-and-trainee-needs-related-to-scholarly-activity-in-a-large-nonuniversity-graduate-medical-education-program
#2
Davida Becker, Hanna Garth, Rachel Hollander, Felice Klein, Marc Klau
CONTEXT: Graduate medical education (GME) programs must develop curriculum to ensure scholarly activity among trainees and faculty to meet accreditation requirements and to support evidence-based medicine. OBJECTIVE: Test whether research-related needs and interests varied across four groups: primary care trainees, specialty trainees, primary care faculty, and specialty faculty. DESIGN: We surveyed a random sample of trainees and faculty in Kaiser Permanente Southern California's GME programs...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332912/twelve-tips-for-the-production-of-digital-chalk-talk-videos
#3
Jasmine Rana, Henrike Besche, Barbara Cockrill
Increasingly over the past decade, faculty in medical and graduate schools have received requests from digital millennial learners for concise faculty-made educational videos. At our institution, over the past couple of years alone, several hundred educational videos have been created by faculty who teach in a flipped-classroom setting of the pre-clinical medical school curriculum. Despite the appeal and potential learning benefits of digital chalk-talk videos first popularized by Khan Academy, we have observed that the conceptual and technological barriers for creating chalk-talk videos can be high for faculty...
March 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#4
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331734/the-treatment-approach-and-social-support-needs-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
Pınar Soylar, Metin F Genç
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women both in developed and developing countries. It has a higher mortality rate in low and middle income countries due to the late-stage diagnosis. The principal aim of this study was to investigate what patients with breast cancer did before presenting to Turgut Özal Medical Center and its relationship with late stage diagnosis. The study also aimed to identify the level of patients' perceived social support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 200 patients with breast cancer who were treated at the chemotherapy unit during 2013 and 2014...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330707/structure-based-feeding-strategies-a-key-component-of-child-nutrition
#6
Maija B Taylor, Elizabeth Emley, Mercedes Pratt, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between structure, autonomy promotion, and control feeding strategies and parent-reported child diet. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 497) were parents of children ages 2.5 to 7.5 recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. This sample was a Caucasian (79%), educated sample (61% college graduates) with most reports from mothers (76%). METHODS AND MEASURES: Online survey including measures of parent feeding strategies and child dietary intake...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#7
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329710/feeling-the-pressure-attitudes-about-volunteering-and-their-effect-on-civic-and-political-behaviors
#8
Leticia Bode
This article examines the evolving nature of volunteering among American youth, ages 12 to 17, focusing on emergent pressures to volunteer, as required by high schools or to improve one's employment or education prospects after graduation. Using survey data (N = 736, mean age = 14.78, 75.1% white, 49.1% female), it finds these pressures are prevalent, related to a desire to volunteer, and both of these motivations are positively associated with volunteering. It further concludes that volunteering supplements, rather than replaces or subsumes both online and offline political behaviors among youth...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329414/a-protocol-for-the-development-of-a-critical-thinking-assessment-tool-for-nurses-using-a-delphi-technique
#9
Elisabeth Jacob, Christine Duffield, Darren Jacob
AIM: The aim of this study is to develop an assessment tool to measure the critical thinking ability of nurses. BACKGROUND: As an increasing number of complex patients are admitted to hospitals, the importance of nurses recognising changes in health status and picking up on deterioration is more important. To detect early signs of complication requires critical thinking skills. Registered nurses are expected to commence their clinical careers with the necessary critical thinking skills to ensure safe nursing practice...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328976/high-school-science-fair-and-research-integrity
#10
Frederick Grinnell, Simon Dalley, Karen Shepherd, Joan Reisch
Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328737/considerations-for-medical-students-and-advisors-after-an-unsuccessful-match
#11
Tracy Bumsted, Benjamin N Schneider, Nicole M Deiorio
Increasing numbers of graduating U.S. medical students are not securing a graduate medical education (GME) position, even after participating in the National Resident Matching Program (also known as "the Match") and the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program. The reasons for an unsuccessful Match include increasing numbers of applicants compared with nearly unchanging numbers of available GME positions, academic problems or professionalism lapses, and a poor fit between applicants and their first-choice specialty...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#12
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328564/variation-in-national-acgme-case-log-data-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-fellowships-are-fellow-coding-practices-responsible
#13
Philip K McClure, Marcella Woiczik, Lori Karol, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the 80-hour work week for Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accredited fellowship programs initiated many efforts to optimize surgical training. One particular area of interest is on recording and tracking surgical experiences. The current standard is logging cases based on Current Procedural Terminology codes, which are primarily designed for billing. Proposed guidelines from the ACGME regarding logging exist, but their implementation is unknown, as is the variation in case volume across fellowship programs...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328314/from-education-to-practice-addressing-opioid-misuse-through-healthcare-provider-training-a-special-issue-of-saj
#14
Adam J Gordon, John Daniel Harding
Opioid misuse may be ignored by providers who are unwilling or not confident in engaging the complex nature of substance use disorders among their patient populations. Addiction is a complex disease and although providers often are comfortable in identifying, assessing, and treating the complex diseases of their patients, basic knowledge and skills of identification, assessment, and treatment expertise involving opioids for pain, addressing opioid misuse, and treatment of opioid use disorder are lacking. Initiatives to improve knowledge of opioid use, misuse, and opioid use disorder among health care providers are emerging...
March 22, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#15
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327854/-intersectoral-experience-to-bridge-the-gap-between-human-resources-in-public-health-and-the-technical-operational-level-for-peruvian-voluntary-military-service-members
#16
Franco Romaní-Romaní, Maricela Curisinche-Rojas, Norka Rojas Arteaga, Pedro Riega Lopez, César Cabezas
There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325485/the-effects-of-interprofessional-education-self-reported-professional-competence-among-prehospital-emergency-care-nursing-students-on-the-point-of-graduation-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
M Castrèn, M Mäkinen, J Nilsson, V Lindström
The aim of the study was to investigate whether interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) during the educational program had an impact on prehospital emergency care nurses' (PECN) self-reported competence towards the end of the study program. A cross-sectional study using the Nurse Professional Competence (NPC) Scale was conducted. A comparison was made between PECN students from Finland who experienced IPE and IPC in the clinical setting, and PECN students from Sweden with no IPE and a low level of IPC...
March 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324226/tobacco-cessation-counseling-attitudes-and-practices-among-yemeni-dental-professionals
#18
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid A Al-Soneidar, Amer AlMaqtari, Abdulrahman Hunaish, Ghadah Al-Sufyani, Esam Halboub
Tobacco use is a significant health problem in Yemen and worldwide. Dental practitioners can play a pivotal role in educating their patients on the risk of smoking and motivating them to quit. This study aimed to assess the attitudes towards and practices of tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) among Yemeni dental professionals and to evaluate whether such attitudes and practices are associated with gender, smoking status, and years since graduation. In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding the practice and attitudes towards TCC in dental clinic was used...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323765/misuse-of-opioids-in-orthopaedic-postoperative-patients
#19
Anup Gangavalli, Ajith Malige, George Terres, Saqib Rehman, Chinenye Nwachuku
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent uptrend in the prescription of opioids, this study seeks to identify patterns of opioid misuse among orthopaedic postoperative patients and principal external sources in obtaining these medications. DESIGN: Ten-month survey-based study. SETTING: Two Level I trauma centers (urban and suburban). PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seven patients between the ages of 18 and 89 years who underwent surgical fixation of fractures involving the pelvis, long bones, or periarticular regions of the knee, ankle, elbow, and wrist...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322897/the-state-of-pre-screening-discussions-about-psa-testing-following-implementation-of-the-2012-uspstf-task-force-statement
#20
George A Turini, Annie Gjelsvik, Joseph F Renzulli
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the quality of pre-screening discussions has changed following release of the USPSTF statement against prostate cancer screening. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized the 2012 and 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys. Respondents were categorized based on the year in which they responded to the BRFSS Survey. Quality of pre-screening discussion was operationalized as having discussed: only advantages, only disadvantages, both advantages and disadvantages, or neither...
March 16, 2017: Urology
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