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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346700/competence-revisited-in-a-rural-context
#1
Randall L Longenecker, Andrea Wendling, Joyce Hollander-Rodriguez, John Bowling, David Schmitz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: General competencies developed in undergraduate and graduate medical education are sometimes promoted as applicable in any practice context. However, rural practice presents challenges and opportunities that may require unique training. The objectives of this national survey of both undergraduate and graduate medical educators and practicing physicians were to further develop a previously published list of competency domains for working in rural communities and to assess their relative importance in education and practice...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346475/current-status-of-radiology-training-in-otolaryngology-residency-programs
#2
Kirkland N Lozada, Joseph M Bernstein
Importance: Otolaryngologists use head and neck imaging on a daily basis. However, little is known about the training residents receive on the subject. Understanding the current training environment is important to identify areas of improvement for resident education. Objective: To assess the current state of radiology training in otolaryngology residency programs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a cross-sectional survey of 106 otolaryngology residency program directors involving multiple academic institutions...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346365/the-iscb-student-council-internship-program-expanding-computational-biology-capacity-worldwide
#3
Jigisha Anupama, Margherita Francescatto, Farzana Rahman, Nazeefa Fatima, Dan DeBlasio, Avinash Kumar Shanmugam, Venkata Satagopam, Alberto Santos, Pandurang Kolekar, Magali Michaut, Emre Guney
Education and training are two essential ingredients for a successful career. On one hand, universities provide students a curriculum for specializing in one's field of study, and on the other, internships complement coursework and provide invaluable training experience for a fruitful career. Consequently, undergraduates and graduates are encouraged to undertake an internship during the course of their degree. The opportunity to explore one's research interests in the early stages of their education is important for students because it improves their skill set and gives their career a boost...
January 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345731/student-evaluations-of-teaching-set-guidelines-for-their-use
#4
Marilyn H Oermann, Jamie L Conklin, Sharron Rushton, Margaret A Bush
Student evaluations of teaching (SET) provide a structured way of collecting feedback from students about the course and teacher's effectiveness. We reviewed literature describing use of SET across a broad range of disciplines in undergraduate and graduate education to provide guidelines for faculty in using SET in a nursing or other health professions program. On SET tools, students typically rate their satisfaction with a course and perceptions about the quality of the teaching. It is important to evaluate SET tools prior to their use including pilot testing tools with students because studies show students may not interpret items or questions on a SET tool as faculty intended...
January 18, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344457/development-and-implementation-of-module-for-medical-graduates-to-improve-socio-cultural-sensitivity-towards-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Somanath Dash
Background: Health professionals are documented as an important cause for stigmatizing people living with HIV (PLHIV). Since traditional teaching on HIV in India does not address cultural competencies, medical graduates lack sociocultural sensitiveness while addressing the health needs of PLHIV. Aim: The aim of this study is to develop and to implement a module for medical graduates to improve their sociocultural sensitivity toward PLHIV. Methodology: A module was designed and introduced to address the core sensitive issues in HIV among medical graduates with the help of trained faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344043/assessment-of-the-midwifery-students-clinical-competency-before-internship-program-in-the-field-based-on-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#6
Narges Malakooti, Parvin Bahadoran, Soheyla Ehsanpoor
Background: One of the important goals of clinical education is to promote the level of students' clinical skills. About 50% of the midwifery education is focused on clinical education, which has a great importance in shaping the professional skills of the students. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of students in some practical skills, before internship program in the field, using objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study with a single-stage, multivariate prospective design...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342910/academic-stress-and-self-regulation-among-university-students-in-malaysia-mediator-role-of-mindfulness
#7
Nur Hamizah Hj Ramli, Masoumeh Alavi, Seyed Abolghasem Mehrinezhad, Atefeh Ahmadi
Academic stress is the most common emotional or mental state that students experience during their studies. Stress is a result of a wide range of issues, including test and exam burden, a demanding course, a different educational system, and thinking about future plans upon graduation. A sizeable body of literature in stress management research has found that self-regulation and being mindful will help students to cope up with the stress and dodge long-term negative consequences, such as substance abuse. The present study aims to investigate the influence of academic stress, self-regulation, and mindfulness among undergraduate students in Klang Valley, Malaysia, and to identify mindfulness as the mediator between academic stress and self-regulation...
January 15, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#8
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341094/implementing-a-perioperative-nursing-student-summer-internship
#9
Janice Nash, Teya C Kamel, Joanne Sherer, Kathleen Nauer
Using qualitative research and a collaborative academic service partnership, we created an innovative 120-hour perioperative nursing summer internship for eight undergraduate nursing students in 2016. Recognizing that perioperative exposure is limited in the traditional baccalaureate program, this unpaid internship served to clarify student perceptions of perioperative nursing care and encourage graduates to meet perioperative workforce demands. We based the theoretical and practical student learning experiences on the AORN Periop 101 learning modules and included faculty-led discussions, student journaling, and onsite precepted clinical activities...
January 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340781/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-college-students-and-same-aged-peers-results-from-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#10
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer G Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J Mcgrath, Siobhan O'neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaerts
PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340208/are-they-publishing-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-profile-and-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-journal-publication-productivity-of-italian-physiotherapists
#11
Stefano Vercelli, Elisa Ravizzotti, Matteo Paci
Background: In a clinical science-based profession such as physiotherapy, research is mandatory to update knowledge and to provide cost-effective, high quality treatments. This study aimed to provide point prevalence of Italian physiotherapists who are academics, holding a PhD degree, or being authors of scientific papers. The scientific journal productivity of physiotherapists was also thoroughly analyzed. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on all Italian physiotherapists...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338712/association-between-the-level-of-education-and-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-dengue-in-the-caribbean-region-of-colombia
#12
Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano, Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Ronald Alexander Rojas-Calero, María Lucrecia Luna-González, Ronald Giovanny Díaz-Quijano
BACKGROUND: Community integration in dengue control requires assessments of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs), which can vary widely according to demographic and educational factors. We aimed to describe and compare the KAPs according to level of education in municipalities in the Caribbean region of Colombia. METHODS: A survey was administered from October to December 2015, including families selected through probabilistic sampling in eleven municipalities...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338624/use-of-service-learning-to-increase-master-s-level-nursing-students-understanding-of-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-disparities
#13
Keneshia Bryant-Moore, Ashley Bachelder, Larronda Rainey, Kimberly Hayman, Alexa Bessette, Candace Williams
INTRODUCTION: It is important for graduate-level nursing students to be competent in the issues involved in the social determinants of health and health disparities and have the tools to address them as graduates. METHOD: As part of a nursing workforce diversity program, master's-level nursing students were required to participate in a service learning project exposing them to an issue not directly linked to health-long bus rides for students as a result of school consolidations-to achieve educational goals and objectives while providing a service to an advocacy agency...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338019/survey-of-checkpoints-along-the-pathway-to-diverse-biomedical-research-faculty
#14
Lindsay C Meyers, Abigail M Brown, Liane Moneta-Koehler, Roger Chalkley
There is a persistent shortage of underrepresented minority (URM) faculty who are involved in basic biomedical research at medical schools. We examined the entire training pathway of potential candidates to identify the points of greatest loss. Using a range of recent national data sources, including the National Science Foundation's Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctoral Recipients, we analyzed the demographics of the population of interest, specifically those from URM backgrounds with an interest in biomedical sciences...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336064/home-hemodialysis-education-during-postdoctoral-training-challenges-and-innovations
#15
Joel D Glickman, Rebecca Kurnik Seshasai
Inadequate education in home hemodialysis (HHD) fellowship training might contribute to underutilization of this modality in the United States. Most graduates of nephrology fellowships do not grade themselves as competent in HHD suggesting that fellowship training in HHD is inadequate. An essential component for fellow education is at least one faculty member with expertise in HHD who is passionate about promoting the use of this modality. At a minimum, fellow training should utilize a curriculum that includes both lectures about HHD and outpatient clinical exposure to this modality over a period of at least 6-12 months...
January 15, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#16
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#17
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#18
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#19
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329024/-teamup-an-approach-to-developing-teamwork-skills-in-undergraduate-midwifery-students
#20
Carolyn Ruth Hastie
OBJECTIVE: to develop an effective model to enable educators to teach, develop and assess the development of midwifery students' teamwork skills DESIGN: an action research project involving participant interviews and academic feedback. SETTING: a regional university PARTICIPANTS: midwifery students (n = 21) and new graduate midwives (n = 20) INTERVENTIONS: a whole of course program using a rubric, with five teamwork domains and behavioural descriptors, to provide a framework for teaching and assessment...
December 28, 2017: Midwifery
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