Read by QxMD icon Read

medical librarians

Ann Marie Flannery, Mandeep S Tamber, Catherine Mazzola, Paul Klimo, Lissa C Baird, Rachana Tyagi, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas
BACKGROUND: Positional plagiocephaly is a common problem seen by pediatricians, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of pediatric positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by the Plagiocephaly Guideline Task Force, a multidisciplinary team made up of physician volunteers (clinical experts), medical librarians, and clinical guidelines specialists...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Alice Gardner, Monina R Lahoz, Irena Bond, Len Levin
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of an evidence-based practice (EBP) pharmacology elective course to teach EBP skills using the Fresno Test (FT). Methods. Pharmacy faculty members and medical librarians developed the elective course and offered it to two cohorts of doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students. A pre/post intervention study design was used. Seven of 12 FT items were chosen to measure specific EBP skills: Ask, Access, Appraise and Apply. Pre/postcomposite and FT item mean scores were compared using Student's t test with p<0...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jonathan B Koffel, Melissa L Rethlefsen
BACKGROUND: A high-quality search strategy is considered an essential component of systematic reviews but many do not contain reproducible search strategies. It is unclear if low reproducibility spans medical disciplines, is affected by librarian/search specialist involvement or has improved with increased awareness of reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reporting of search strategies in systematic reviews published in Pediatrics, Surgery or Cardiology journals in 2012 and determine rates and predictors of including a reproducible search strategy...
2016: PloS One
Frances Carr
INTRODUCTION: Capacity is assumed to be present unless proven otherwise. Assessments of specific decision-making capacity for financial and legal decisions, although challenging in the general population, becomes almost impossible for individuals with language disorders (i.e. aphasia) in the absence of appropriate communication aids. Several capacity aids exist for the general population; however, it is unclear whether any communication aids exist specifically for the aphasic population to assist assessment of financial and legal decision-making capacity...
September 16, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Amin Azzam, David Bresler, Armando Leon, Lauren Maggio, Evans Whitaker, James Heilman, Jake Orlowitz, Valerie Swisher, Lane Rasberry, Kingsley Otoide, Fred Trotter, Will Ross, Jack D McCue
PROBLEM: Most medical students use Wikipedia as an information source, yet medical schools do not train students to improve Wikipedia or use it critically. APPROACH: Between November 2013 and November 2015, the authors offered fourth-year medical students a credit-bearing course to edit Wikipedia. The course was designed, delivered, and evaluated by faculty, medical librarians, and personnel from WikiProject Medicine, Wikipedia Education Foundation, and Translators Without Borders...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Bhakti Hansoti, Mark I Langdorf, Linda S Murphy
INTRODUCTION: Open access (OA) medical publishing is growing rapidly. While subscription-based publishing does not charge the author, OA does. This opens the door for "predatory" publishers who take authors' money but provide no substantial peer review or indexing to truly disseminate research findings. Discriminating between predatory and legitimate OA publishers is difficult. METHODS: We searched a number of library indexing databases that were available to us through the University of California, Irvine Libraries for journals in the field of emergency medicine (EM)...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jasvinder A Singh, Alomgir Hossain, Ahmed Kotb, George Wells
BACKGROUND: To perform a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) to compare the risk of serious infections with immunosuppressive medications and glucocorticoids in lupus nephritis. METHODS: A trained librarian performed two searches: (1) PubMed for all lupus nephritis trials from the end dates for the systematic review for the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) lupus nephritis treatment guidelines and the 2012 Cochrane Systematic Review on treatments for lupus nephritis, to September 2013; and (2) PubMed and SCOPUS for all lupus trials (excluding lupus nephritis) from inception to February 2014, to obtain additional trials for harms data in any lupus patient...
2016: BMC Medicine
Jeffrey Cheng, Dhave Setabutr
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of surgical techniques for tracheocutaneous fistula closure in children and successful closure or development of adverse events. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. REVIEW METHODS: A medical librarian was utilized to perform a systematic review. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were identified. Eight studies reported outcomes for primary closure alone; one discussed results for secondary closure alone; and five included a combination of children who underwent either primary and secondary closure alone...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
D Scott Kreiner, Jamie Baisden, Daniel J Mazanec, Rakesh D Patel, Robert S Bess, Douglas Burton, Norman B Chutkan, Bernard A Cohen, Charles H Crawford, Gary Ghiselli, Amgad S Hanna, Steven W Hwang, Cumhur Kilincer, Mark E Myers, Paul Park, Karie A Rosolowski, Anil K Sharma, Christopher K Taleghani, Terry R Trammell, Andrew N Vo, Keith D Williams
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The North American Spine Society's (NASS) Evidence-Based Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Adult Isthmic Spondylolisthesis features evidence-based recommendations for diagnosing and treating adult patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis. The guideline is intended to reflect contemporary treatment concepts for symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis as reflected in the highest quality clinical literature available on this subject as of June 2013. NASS' guideline on this topic is the only guideline on adult isthmic spondylolisthesis accepted in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's National Guideline Clearinghouse...
September 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Aaron J Yang, Rogelio A Coronado, Lilian Hoffecker, Chan Gao, Kelly Saurwein, Danielle Shoreman, Adam S Hoffberg, Venu Akuthota
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree to which conservative care and failure was specifically defined in studies comparing non-operative treatment versus surgery for low back pain (LBP) conditions in adults. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was conducted by an experienced librarian using MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, Google Scholar, and CENTRAL (the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from January 2003 to June 2014. Endnote bibliographic management application was utilized to remove duplicates and organize the citations...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Keaton S Smetana, Aaron M Cook, Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Douglas R Oyler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to evaluate current literature for dosing recommendations for the use of antiepileptic medications in patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT). DATA SOURCES: With the assistance of an experienced medical librarian specialized in pharmacy and toxicology, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, WorldCat, and Scopus through May 2016. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Four hundred three articles were screened for inclusion, of which 130 were identified as potentially relevant...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Manuel Joseph Vivera, Judith Streak Gomersall
BACKGROUND: Ardita (facial paralysis) is a medical condition that disfigures or distorts the facial appearance of the sufferer causing facial asymmetry and malfunction. Ardita patients may benefit from considering alternative treatments such as Ayurveda, including Taila Nasya (nasal instillation of medicated oil). OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of different Nasya oils in the treatment of Ardita. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Studies conducted on adult sufferers (18-70 years) of Ardita (chronic or acute) in any setting were considered...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Rachel R Walden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Alexandria C Quesenberry, Sandy Oelschlegel, Martha Earl, Kelsey Leonard, Cynthia J Vaughn
Librarians at an academic medical center library gathered data to determine if library services and resources impacted scholarly activity. A survey was developed and sent out to faculty and residents asking how they used the library during scholarly activity. Sixty-five faculty members and residents responded to the survey. The majority of respondents involved with scholarly activity use the library's services and resources. PubMed is the most frequently used database. The positive results show the library impacts the scholarly activity of medical faculty and residents...
July 2016: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Stephanie M Swanberg, Carolyn Ching Dennison, Alison Farrell, Viola Machel, Christine Marton, Kelly K O'Brien, Virginia Pannabecker, Mindy Thuna, Assako Nitta Holyoke
BACKGROUND: Librarians often teach evidence-based practice (EBP) within health sciences curricula. It is not known what teaching methods are most effective. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted searching CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC, LISTA, PubMed, Scopus, and others. Searches were completed through December 2014. No limits were applied. Hand searching of Medical Library Association annual meeting abstracts from 2009-2014 was also completed. Studies must be about EBP instruction by a librarian within undergraduate or graduate health sciences curricula and include skills assessment...
July 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Yong Gyu Hyun, Ahmad Alhashemi, Rouhi Fazelzad, Alyse S Goldberg, David P Goldstein, Anna M Sawka
BACKGROUND: Patient education and psychosocial support to patients are important elements of comprehensive cancer care, but the needs of thyroid cancer survivors are not well understood. METHODS: The published English-language quantitative literature on (i) unmet medical information and (ii) psychosocial support needs of thyroid cancer survivors was systematically reviewed. A librarian information specialist searched seven electronic databases and a hand search was conducted...
September 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Timothy J Brown, Matthew C Brennan, Michael Li, Ephraim W Church, Nicholas J Brandmeir, Kevin L Rakszawski, Akshal S Patel, Elias B Rizk, Dima Suki, Raymond Sawaya, Michael Glantz
Importance: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains almost invariably fatal despite optimal surgical and medical therapy. The association between the extent of tumor resection (EOR) and outcome remains undefined, notwithstanding many relevant studies. Objective: To determine whether greater EOR is associated with improved 1- and 2-year overall survival and 6-month and 1-year progression-free survival in patients with GBM. Data Sources: Pubmed, CINAHL, and Web of Science (January 1, 1966, to December 1, 2015) were systematically reviewed with librarian guidance...
June 16, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Mazda K Turel, Georgios Tsermoulas, Deven Reddy, Hugo Andrade-Barazarte, Gelareh Zadeh, Fred Gentili
INTRODUCTION: The endonasal endoscopic approach (EEA) for the resection of tuberculum sellae meningiomas (TSMs) has, more recently, been advocated as an alternative approach to deal with this challenging tumor. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of publications of TSMs excised through the transsphenoidal route in the past 10 years and review data on the extent of excision, visual outcomes and complication rates. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a thorough systematic review of the medical literature following the PRISMA guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Gary R Maslow, Sherika N Hill
AIM: To review empirical evidence on character development among youth with chronic illnesses. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed and PSYCHINFO from inception until November 2013 to find quantitative studies that measured character strengths among youth with chronic illnesses. Inclusion criteria were limited to English language studies examining constructs of character development among adolescents or young adults aged 13-24 years with a childhood-onset chronic medical condition...
May 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Majid Pourshaikhian, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davood Khorasani-Zavareh, Ahmad Barati
CONTEXT: In spite of the high prevalence and consequences of much workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel, this phenomenon has been given insufficient attention. A systematic review can aid the development of guidelines to reduce violence. OBJECTIVES: The research question addressed by this paper is, "What are the characteristics and findings of studies on workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel"? DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature review was conducted using online databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Magiran) with the help of experienced librarians...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"