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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983203/enhancing-the-research-and-publication-efforts-of-health-sciences-librarians-via-an-academic-writing-retreat
#1
John W Bullion, Stewart M Brower
BACKGROUND: This case study describes the South Central Chapter of the Medical Library Association (SCC/MLA) initiative to develop an academic writing retreat for members who sought the necessary time and support to advance their research projects toward publication. CASE PRESENTATION: SCC/MLA staged a dedicated writing retreat to coincide with the organization's 2012, 2013, and 2014 annual meetings. Each cohort met over two days to write and to workshop their peers' manuscripts...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983200/characteristics-of-personal-health-information-management-groups-findings-from-an-online-survey-using-amazon-s-mturk
#2
Sujin Kim, Jeffrey T Huber
OBJECTIVE: The study characterized three groups with different levels of familiarity with personal health information management (PHIM) in terms of their demographics, health knowledge, technological competency, and information sources and barriers. In addition, the authors examined differences among PHIM groups in subjective self-ratings and objective test scores for health literacy. METHODS: A total of 202 survey participants were recruited using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (mTurk) service, a crowdsourcing Internet service...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983199/the-role-of-librarians-in-teaching-evidence-based-medicine-to-pediatric-residents-a-survey-of-pediatric-residency-program-directors
#3
Rachel Boykan, Robert M Jacobson
OBJECTIVE: The research sought to identify the general use of medical librarians in pediatric residency training, to define the role of medical librarians in teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) to pediatric residents, and to describe strategies and curricula for teaching EBM used in pediatric residency training programs. METHODS: We sent a 13-question web-based survey through the Association of Pediatric Program Directors to 200 pediatric residency program directors between August and December 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983196/characteristics-of-multi-institutional-health-sciences-education-research-a-systematic-review
#4
Jocelyn Huang Schiller, Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Terry Kind, Heather McLauchlan, Joseph Gigante, Sherilyn Smith
OBJECTIVES: Multi-institutional research increases the generalizability of research findings. However, little is known about characteristics of collaborations across institutions in health sciences education research. Using a systematic review process, the authors describe characteristics of published, peer-reviewed multi-institutional health sciences education research to inform educators who are considering such projects. METHODS: Two medical librarians searched MEDLINE, the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), EMBASE, and CINAHL databases for English-language studies published between 2004 and 2013 using keyword terms related to multi-institutional systems and health sciences education...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983195/advancing-the-conversation-next-steps-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-and-queer-lgbtq-health-sciences-librarianship
#5
Blake W Hawkins, Martin Morris, Tony Nguyen, John Siegel, Emily Vardell
In recent years, librarians in various sectors have been moving forward a conversation on the distinct information needs and information-seeking behavior of our lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) patrons and how well the profession recognizes and meets those needs. Health sciences librarianship has been slower than other areas of the profession in creating an evidence base covering the needs of its LGBTQ patrons, with, until recently, only very limited literature on this subject. LGBTQ health sciences librarianship is now starting to attract new interest, with librarians working together to bring this emerging specialization to the attention of the broader professional community...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973590/medical-history-s-moment-in-art-photography-1920-to-1950-how-lejaren-%C3%A3-hiller-and-valentino-sarra-created-a-fashion-for-scenes-of-early-surgery
#6
Bert Hansen
Two groups of black-and-white photographs are found in medical rare book rooms and the collections of historically minded physicians. They were created by artists Hiller and Sarra to bring medical history to life for members of the health professions and, to some extent, for a wider public. These were not didactic illustrations for a textbook, but elegant scenes of great figures from Antiquity to the nineteenth century, evocation not documentation even though they were based on research. As pieces of fine art, cherished in portfolios or framed on the wall, the quality prints were intended to stimulate curiosity about the achievements of the figures portrayed...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874986/neuropathic-pain-related-with-spinal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Kwang-Sup Song, Jae Hwan Cho, Jae-Young Hong, Jae Hyup Lee, Hyun Kang, Dae-Woong Ham, Hyun-Jun Ryu
Systematic literature review. To review the evidence from high-quality studies regarding the treatment of neuropathic pain originating specifically from spinal disorders. In general, treatment guidelines for neuropathic pain cover all its various causes, including medical disease, peripheral neuropathy, and cancer. However, the natural history of neuropathic pain originating from spinal disorders may differ from that of the pain originating from other causes or lesions. An expert research librarian used terms related to neuropathic pain and spinal disorders, disc herniation, stenosis, and spinal cord injury to search in MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL for primary research from January 2000 to October 2015...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871017/scoping-review-protocol-education-initiatives-for-medical-psychiatry-collaborative-care
#8
Nelson Shen, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Alexxa Abi Jaoude, Sharon M Bailey, Thérèse Bernier, Alison Freeland, Aceel Hawa, Elisa Hollenberg, Bethel Woldemichael, David Wiljer
INTRODUCTION: The collaborative care model is an approach providing care to those with mental health and addictions disorders in the primary care setting. There is a robust evidence base demonstrating its clinical and cost-effectiveness in comparison with usual care; however, the transitioning to this new paradigm of care has been difficult. While there are efforts to train and prepare healthcare professionals, not much is known about the current state of collaborative care training programmes...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838801/optimization-of-infobutton-design-and-implementation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Miguel Teixeira, David A Cook, Bret S E Heale, Guilherme Del Fiol
OBJECTIVE: Infobuttons are clinical decision tools embedded in the electronic health record that attempt to link clinical data with context sensitive knowledge resources. We systematically reviewed technical approaches that contribute to improved infobutton design, implementation and functionality. METHODS: We searched databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database from inception to March 1, 2016 for studies describing the use of infobuttons...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814254/bronchiolitis-care-in-the-hospital
#10
Jennifer Orr Vincent, Huay-Ying Lo, Susan Wu
BACKGROUND: Viral bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalization in young children, but despite a variety of therapeutic options, the mainstay of treatment remains supportive care. OBJECTIVE: To examine the most recent evidence for supportive care measures and pharmacologic options in the treatment of bronchiolitis in the hospital setting Methods: MEDLINE search with expert medical librarian for publications on management and therapies for bronchiolitis Results: Evidence does not support the use of bronchodilators, racemic epinephrine, deep suctioning, systemic corticosteroids, or antibiotics in the absence of a concomitant bacterial infection, as these treatments do not change the course of illness or shorten length of stay (LOS)...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777761/occupational-therapists-experience-of-workplace-fatigue-issues-and-action
#11
Cary A Brown, Jennifer Schell, Lisa M Pashniak
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists (OTs) work in all areas of health and wellbeing. The work is physically and psychologically demanding, but OTs are often not diligent about recognizing and attending to the workplace health and safety issue of fatigue in their own work settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to determine current issues and the evidence-base as presented in the literature so as to develop awareness and best practice interventions for fatigue reduction and management in occupational therapists' workplace...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757906/lumbosacral-dorsal-rhizotomy-for-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-health-technology-assessment
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy, a spectrum of neuromuscular conditions caused by abnormal brain development or early damage to the brain, is the most common cause of childhood physical disability. Lumbosacral dorsal rhizotomy is a neurosurgical procedure that permanently decreases spasticity and is always followed by physical therapy. The objectives of this health technology assessment were to evaluate the clinical effectiveness, safety, cost effectiveness, and family perspectives of dorsal rhizotomy...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714815/an-introduction-to-the-blockchain-and-its-implications-for-libraries-and-medicine
#13
Matthew B Hoy
The blockchain is a relatively new technology used to verify and store transaction records for online cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. The system is redundant and distributed, making it difficult for transactions to be rescinded, duplicated, or faked. Beyond online currencies, the blockchain has potential uses in health care, education, and many other fields. This column will briefly describe what the blockchain is and how it is being used, potential future uses that may be of interest to librarians and medical practitioners, and some of the problems with the system...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714814/using-time-driven-activity-based-costing-to-implement-change
#14
Ellen N Sayed, Sa'ad Laws, Basim Uthman
Academic medical libraries have responded to changes in technology, evolving professional roles, reduced budgets, and declining traditional services. Libraries that have taken a proactive role to change have seen their librarians emerge as collaborators and partners with faculty and researchers, while para-professional staff is increasingly overseeing traditional services. This article addresses shifting staff and schedules at a single-service-point information desk by using time-driven activity-based costing to determine the utilization of resources available to provide traditional library services...
July 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695786/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-clean-contaminated-head-and-neck-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Peter M Vila, Joseph Zenga, Ryan S Jackson
Objective To determine the optimal duration and type of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing clean-contaminated resection for head and neck cancer. Data Sources Search strategies were created by a medical librarian, implemented in multiple databases, and completed in June 2016. Review Methods The population of interest was adults ≥18 years undergoing clean-contaminated head and neck surgery, intervention was postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, comparator was duration and types of antibiotics used, outcome was the wound infection rate, and the study design was randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
October 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673304/lost-in-translation-a-multilingual-query-builder-improves-the-quality-of-pubmed-queries-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Matthieu Schuers, Mher Joulakian, Gaetan Kerdelhué, Léa Segas, Julien Grosjean, Stéfan J Darmoni, Nicolas Griffon
BACKGROUND: MEDLINE is the most widely used medical bibliographic database in the world. Most of its citations are in English and this can be an obstacle for some researchers to access the information the database contains. We created a multilingual query builder to facilitate access to the PubMed subset using a language other than English. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of this multilingual query builder on the quality of PubMed queries for non-native English speaking physicians and medical researchers...
July 3, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670215/using-scenario-based-training-to-promote-information-literacy-among-on-call-consultant-pediatricians
#17
Jonas Pettersson, Emil Bjorkander, Sirpa Bark, Daniel Holmgren, Per Wekell
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, teaching hospital staff to search for medical information relies heavily on educator-defined search methods. In contrast, the authors describe our experiences using real-time scenarios to teach on-call consultant pediatricians information literacy skills as part of a two-year continuing professional development program. CASE PRESENTATION: Two information-searching workshops were held at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670214/cultivating-a-community-of-practice-the-evolution-of-a-health-information-specialists-program-for-public-librarians
#18
Shari Clifton, Phill Jo, Jean Marie Longo, Tara Malone
BACKGROUND: To help improve the culture of health in Oklahoma-a state that frequently ranks poorly on multiple measures of health and wellness-faculty librarians from an academic health sciences library sought to create a collaborative network of health information professionals in Oklahoma's public libraries through the implementation of the Health Information Specialists Program. CASE PRESENTATION: Health sciences librarians offered a variety of consumer health information courses for public library staff across the state of Oklahoma for three years...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663165/early-interventions-following-the-death-of-a-parent-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#19
Mariana Pereira, Iren Johnsen, May Aa Hauken, Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses examined the effectiveness of interventions for bereaved children showing small to moderate effect sizes. However, no mixed methods systematic review was conducted on bereavement interventions following the loss of a parent focusing on the time since death in regard to the prevention of grief complications. OBJECTIVE: The overall purpose of the review is to provide a rigorous synthesis of early intervention after parental death in childhood...
June 29, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644688/intraosseous-administration-of-antidotes-a-systematic-review
#20
Audrée Elliott, Pierre-André Dubé, Amélie Cossette-Côté, Laura Patakfalvi, Eric Villeneuve, Martin Morris, Sophie Gosselin
CONTEXT: Intraosseous (IO) access is an established route of administration in resuscitation situations. Patients with serious poisoning presenting to the emergency department may require urgent antidote therapy. However, intravenous (IV) access is not always readily available. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the current evidence for IO administration of antidotes that could be used in poisoning. The primary outcome was mortality as a surrogate of efficacy. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic variables, electrocardiographic variables, neurological status, pharmacokinetics outcomes, and adverse effects as defined by each article...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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