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T helper cell and lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407232/t-cell-subsets-play-an-important-role-in-the-determination-of-the-clinical-outcome-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#1
REVIEW
Abdollah Jafarzadeh, Tiziana Larussa, Maryam Nemati, Shila Jalapour
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most prevalent human pathogen and a persistent infection with this bacterium causes common pathologies, such as gastritis or peptic ulcers, and also less common but more serious pathologies, such as gastric cancer or gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The clinical outcome of gastrointestinal infection sustained by H. pylori is determined by the reciprocal interactions between virulence factors of the bacterium and host factors, including immune response genes...
January 30, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398449/rhoa-g17v-induces-t-follicular-helper-cell-specification-and-promotes-lymphomagenesis
#2
Jose R Cortes, Alberto Ambesi-Impiombato, Lucile Couronné, S Aidan Quinn, Christine S Kim, Ana C da Silva Almeida, Zachary West, Laura Belver, Marta Sanchez Martin, Laurianne Scourzic, Govind Bhagat, Olivier A Bernard, Adolfo A Ferrando, Teresa Palomero
Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL) is an aggressive tumor derived from malignant transformation of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. AITL is characterized by loss-of-function mutations in Ten-Eleven Translocation 2 (TET2) epigenetic tumor suppressor and a highly recurrent mutation (p.Gly17Val) in the RHOA small GTPase. Yet, the specific role of RHOA G17V in AITL remains unknown. Expression of Rhoa G17V in CD4+ T cells induces Tfh cell specification; increased proliferation associated with inducible co-stimulator (ICOS) upregulation and increased phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling...
February 1, 2018: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396703/immunologic-milieu-of-mature-t-cell-and-nk-cell-lymphomas-implications-for-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Eric Tse, Yok-Lam Kwong
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: T-cells and natural killer (NK) cells share the same ontogeny, and lymphomas derived from them are clinically diverse, occurring in nodal and extranodal sites. In addition to inherent properties of these lymphomas, their microenvironment also impacts on pathogenesis and response to therapy. An understanding of the milieu of T-cell and NK cell lymphomas has important implications on treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Components of the microenvironment include tumour-associated macrophages (TAM), non-neoplastic T-cells and B-cells, eosinophils, dendritic cells, endothelial cells and blood vessels...
February 2, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380399/immunohistochemical-assessment-of-the-diagnostic-utility-of-pd-l1-a-preliminary-analysis-of-anti-pd-l1-antibody-sp142-for-lymphoproliferative-diseases-with-tumour-and-nonmalignant-hodgkin-reed-sternberg-hrs-like-cells
#4
Ayako Sakakibara, Kei Kohno, Ahmed E Eladl, Teerada Klaisuwan, Eri Ishikawa, Yuka Suzuki, Satoko Shimada, Masato Nakaguro, Yoshie Shimoyama, Taishi Takahara, Seiichi Kato, Naoko Asano, Shigeo Nakamura, Akira Satou
AIMS: The programmed death 1 (PD1)/PD1 ligand (PD-L1) axis plays an important role in tumour cells escape from immune control. PD-L1 immunohistochemistry is a useful predictor of immunotherapy response, but is still not widely used in the diagnostic setting. Here we describe results using PD-L1 immunohistochemistry during routine diagnostics in lymphoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-one lymphoproliferative disease cases sharing tumour and nonmalignant Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (HRS)-like cells with and without Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) association were investigated by immunohistochemistry for PD-L1 (clone SP142)...
January 30, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340116/t-follicular-helper-cells-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-follicular-lymphoma
#5
REVIEW
Jordi Ochando, Mounia S Braza
Follicular lymphoma (FL), the most common indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL), is a germinal center (GC)-derived lymphoma. The mechanisms underlying B-cell differentiation/maturation in GCs could be also involved in their malignant transformation. Moreover, the non-malignant cell composition and architecture of the tumor microenvironment can influence FL development and outcome. Here, we review recent research advances on CD4 helper T cells in FL that highlight the pivotal role of T follicular helper (TFH) cells in a complex multicellular system where they interact with B cells during GC dynamics...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296775/th17-immune-microenvironment-in-epstein-barr-virus-negative-hodgkin-lymphoma-implications-for-immunotherapy
#6
Amy S Duffield, Maria Libera Ascierto, Robert A Anders, Janis M Taube, Alan K Meeker, Shuming Chen, Tracee L McMiller, Neil A Phillips, Haiying Xu, Aleksandra Ogurtsova, Alan E Berger, Drew M Pardoll, Suzanne L Topalian, Richard F Ambinder
Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) is a neoplasm characterized by robust inflammatory infiltrates and heightened expression of the immunosuppressive PD-1/PD-L1 pathway. Although anti-PD-1 therapy can be effective in >60% of patients with refractory CHL, improved treatment options are needed for CHLs which are resistant to anti-PD-1 or relapse after this form of immunotherapy. A deeper understanding of immunologic factors in the CHL microenvironment might support the design of more effective treatment combinations based on anti-PD-1...
July 25, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279549/recent-progress-in-the-understanding-of-angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma
#7
Manabu Fujisawa, Shigeru Chiba, Mamiko Sakata-Yanagimoto
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) has been classified as a subtype of mature T-cell neoplasms. The recent revision of the WHO classification proposed a new category of nodal T-cell lymphoma with follicular helper T (TFH)-cell phenotype, which was classified into three diseases: AITL, follicular T-cell lymphoma, and nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma with TFH phenotype. These lymphomas are defined by the expression of TFH-related antigens, CD279/PD-1, CD10, BCL6, CXCL13, ICOS, SAP, and CXCR5. Although recurrent mutations in TET2, IDH2, DNMT3A, RHOA, and CD28, as well as gene fusions, such as ITK-SYK and CTLA4-CD28, were not diagnostic criteria, they may be considered as novel criteria in the near future...
2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250184/imbalance-in-circulatory-inkt-th17-and-t-regulatory-cell-frequencies-in-patients-with-b-cell-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#8
Iwona Hus, Agnieszka Bojarska-Junak, Marzena Kamińska, Aneta Dobrzyńska-Rutkowska, Karolina Szatan, Agnieszka Szymczyk, Bożena Kukiełka-Budny, Dariusz Szczepanek, Jacek Roliński
T cells are important in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma immunity, however the function of T cell subsets, including natural killer (iNKT), T helper (Th)17, and T regulatory cells remains to be elucidated. The present study analyzed the frequencies of iNKT, Th17 and T regulatory cells in the peripheral blood of 41 patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma at diagnosis, then during and following immunochemotherapy R-CHOP/R-CVP. At lymphoma diagnosis, iNKT and Th17 frequencies were decreased and T regulatory cell frequencies were increased compared with healthy control group...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241019/quantitative-analysis-of-a-multiplexed-immunofluorescence-panel-in-t-cell-lymphoma
#9
Siok-Bian Ng, Shuangyi Fan, Shoa-Nian Choo, Michal Hoppe, Hoang Mai Phuong, Sanjay De Mel, Anand D Jeyasekharan
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) provides clinically useful information on protein expression in cancer cells. However, quantification of colocalizing signals using conventional IHC and visual scores is challenging. Here we describe the application of quantitative immunofluorescence in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), a peripheral T-cell lymphoma characterized by cellular heterogeneity that impedes IHC interpretation and quantification. A multiplexed immunofluorescence (IF) panel comprising T- and B-lymphocyte markers along with T-follicular helper (TFH) markers was validated for appropriate cellular localization in sections of benign tonsillar tissue and tested in two samples of AITL, using a Vectra microscope for spectral imaging and InForm software for analysis...
December 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238954/il-25-is-involved-in-ctcl-progression-by-establishing-th2-dominant-microenvironment
#10
R Nakajima, T Miyagaki, T Oka, N Takahashi, M Hirakawa, H Suga, A Yoshizaki, H Fujita, Y Asano, M Sugaya, S Sato
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-25 is a member of the IL-17 family which can promote and augment T-helper type (Th) 2 responses. The expression of IL-25 and its cognate receptor, IL-25 receptor (IL-25R), is upregulated and correlated with disease activity in Th2-associated diseases. OBJECTIVE: To examine the expression and function of IL-25 in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). METHODS: Expression and localization of IL-25 in lesional skin was investigated using immunohistochemistry...
December 13, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204156/sp17-protein-expression-and-major-histocompatibility-class-i-and-ii-epitope-presentation-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients
#11
Kamel Ait-Tahar, Amanda P Anderson, Martin Barnardo, Graham P Collins, Chris S R Hatton, Alison H Banham, Karen Pulford
Improved therapies are urgently needed for patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Success using immune checkpoint inhibitors and chimeric antigen receptor T cell technology has fuelled demand for validated cancer epitopes. Immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTAs), with their widespread expression in many tumours but highly restricted normal tissue distribution, represent attractive immunotherapeutic targets that may improve treatment options for DLBCL and other malignancies. Sperm protein 17 (Sp17), a CTA reported to be immunogenic in ovarian cancer and myeloma patients, is expressed in DLBCL...
2017: Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131072/il-21-is-increased-in-nasal-polyposis-and-after-stimulation-with-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxin-b
#12
Lien Calus, Lara Derycke, Melissa Dullaers, Thibaut Van Zele, Natalie De Ruyck, Claudina Pérez-Novo, Gabriele Holtappels, Geert De Vos, Bart N Lambrecht, Claus Bachert, Philippe Gevaert
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is an inflammatory disease associated with lymphoid aggregates and local IgE production related to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins. T-follicular helper cells and their effector cytokine interleukin (IL)-21 play an important role in germinal center proliferation. METHODS: IL-21 was determined on the mRNA level by qPCR in nasal tissue of 3 groups of patients: control (n = 17), chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP; n = 23), and CRSwNP (n = 35)...
November 9, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070649/complex-immune-evasion-strategies-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#13
Frederik Wein, Marc A Weniger, Benedikt Höing, Judith C Arnolds, Andreas Hüttmann, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Sylvia Hartmann, Ralf Küppers
The cellular microenvironment in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is dominated by a mixed infiltrate of inflammatory cells with typically only about 1% Hodgkin and Reed/Sternberg (HRS) tumor cells. T cells are usually the largest population of cells in the cHL microenvironment, encompassing T helper (Th) cells, regulatory T (Treg) cells and cytotoxic T cells. Th and Treg cells presumably provide essential survival signals for HRS cells. Treg cells are also involved in rescuing HRS cells from anti-tumor immune responses...
October 25, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039547/frequency-and-distribution-of-cd4-cxcr5-follicular-b-helper-t%C3%A2-cells-within-involved-tissues-in-igg4%C3%A2-related-ophthalmic-disease
#14
Huimin Yang, Ruili Wei, Qiang Liu, Yongheng Shi, Jin Li
Immonoglobulin G4‑related ophthalmic disease (IgG4‑ROD) is a IgG4‑RD and exhibits two main characteristics: Fibrosis that is not necessarily marked histopathologically; and frequent formation of germinal centers (GCs). Follicular B helper T (Tfh) cells are now recognized as the true helper cells for B cells in antibody responses. In the present study, the profile and distribution of Tfh cells in involved tissues from patients with IgG4‑ROD was compared to those of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and patients with IgG4‑related lymphadenopathy (IgG4‑RL)...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993768/cd30-is-dispensable-for-t-cell-responses-to-influenza-virus-and-lymphocytic-choriomeningitis-virus-clone-13-but-contributes-to-age-associated-t-cell-expansion-in-mice
#15
Angela C Zhou, Laura M Snell, Michael E Wortzman, Tania H Watts
CD30 is a tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family member whose expression is associated with Hodgkin's disease, anaplastic large cell lymphomas, and other T and B lymphoproliferative disorders in humans. A limited number of studies have assessed the physiological role of CD30/CD30 ligand interactions in control of infection in mice. Here, we assess the role of CD30 in T-cell immunity to acute influenza and chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) clone 13 infection, two viral infections in which other members of the TNFR superfamily are important for T-cell responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965629/cd30-t-cell-enriched-primary-cutaneous-cd4-small-medium-sized-pleomorphic-t-cell-lymphoma-a-distinct-variant-of-indolent-cd4-t-cell-lymphoproliferative-disease
#16
REVIEW
Cynthia M Magro, Luke C Olson, Clifton G Fulmer
Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium sized pleomorphic T-cell lymphoma (SMPTCL) is unique among the peripheral T-cell lymphomas because of its indolent nature, typically presenting as a solitary nodule or plaque in the head and neck area of middle-aged and older adults. Recent studies have suggested a follicular helper cell origin for these lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on all cases of SMPTCL diagnosed between 2008 and 2017. The goal of our study was to better categorize the clinical, pathologic and molecular features of cases of SMPTCL showing a significant degree of CD30 neoplastic large cell infiltration...
October 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945625/expression-of-tfh-markers-and-detection-of-rhoa-p-g17v-and-idh2-p-r172k-s-mutations-in-cutaneous-localizations-of-angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphomas
#17
Ariane Leclaire Alirkilicarslan, Aurélie Dupuy, Anaïs Pujals, Marie Parrens, Béatrice Vergier, Alistair Robson, Marie-Hélène Delfau-Larue, Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Olivier Chosidow, Corinne Haioun, Marie Beylot-Barry, Jean-Philippe Merlio, Christiane Copie-Bergman, Philippe Gaulard, Nicolas Ortonne
Skin biopsies of 41 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma patients were retrospectively analyzed for the expression of follicular helper T-cell (TFH) markers, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and the presence of RHOA (p.G17V) and IDH2 (p.R172K/S) mutations using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. We categorized cases into 4 distinctive patterns: (1) low-density lymphocytic perivascular infiltrates (n=11), (2) dense perivascular infiltrates with atypical cells and occasional inflammatory cells (n=13), (3) diffuse infiltrates reminiscent of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (n=4), or (4) other aspects (n=13)...
December 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943543/expression-of-master-regulators-of-t-cell-helper-t-cell-and-follicular-helper-t-cell-differentiation-in-angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma
#18
Yosuke Matsumoto, Hisao Nagoshi, Mihoko Yoshida, Seiichi Kato, Junya Kuroda, Kazuho Shimura, Hiroto Kaneko, Shigeo Horiike, Shigeo Nakamura, Masafumi Taniwaki
Objective It has been postulated that the normal counterpart of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is the follicular helper T-cell (TFH). Recent immunological studies have identified several transcription factors responsible for T-cell differentiation. The master regulators associated with T-cell, helper T-cell (Th), and TFH differentiation are reportedly BCL11B, Th-POK, and BCL6, respectively. We explored the postulated normal counterpart of AITL with respect to the expression of the master regulators of T-cell differentiation...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916523/cutting-edge-a-critical-role-of-lesional-t-follicular-helper-cells-in-the-pathogenesis-of-igg4-related-disease
#19
Ryuta Kamekura, Kenichi Takano, Motohisa Yamamoto, Koji Kawata, Katsunori Shigehara, Sumito Jitsukawa, Tomonori Nagaya, Fumie Ito, Akinori Sato, Noriko Ogasawara, Chieko Tsubomatsu, Hiroki Takahashi, Hiroshi Nakase, Tetsuo Himi, Shingo Ichimiya
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized systemic chronic fibroinflammatory disease. However, the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD remains unknown. To determine the pathophysiologic features of IgG4-RD, we examined T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in lesions and blood from patients with IgG4-RD. Patients with IgG4-related dacryoadenitis and sialadenitis (IgG4-DS) showed increased infiltration of Tfh cells highly expressing programmed death 1 and ICOS in submandibular glands. Tfh cells from IgG4-DS submandibular glands had higher expression of B cell lymphoma 6 and a greater capacity to help B cells produce IgG4 than did tonsillar Tfh cells...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887367/tfr-cells-lack-il-2r%C3%AE-but-express-decoy-il-1r2-and-il-1ra-and-suppress-the-il-1-dependent-activation-of-tfh-cells
#20
Paul-Gydeon G Ritvo, Guillame Churlaud, Valentin Quiniou, Laura Florez, Faustine Brimaud, Gwladys Fourcade, Encarnita Mariotti-Ferrandiz, David Klatzmann
Follicular regulatory T (Tfr) cells from lymph node germinal centers control follicular helper T (Tfh) cell-dependent B cell activation. These scarce cells, often described and purified as CD25(+) cells, are thought to be derived from thymic regulatory T (Treg) cells. However, we observed that mouse Tfr cells do not respond to interleukin-2 (IL-2), unlike Treg cells. Stringent immunophenotyping based on B cell lymphoma 6 (Bcl6), programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), and CXCR5 expression revealed that Tfr cells are actually CD25(-), in mice and humans...
September 8, 2017: Science Immunology
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